2017 Brunswick County Program Impact Report

Approved: March 22, 2018

I. Executive Summary

Brunswick Vision, the latest strategic plan for Brunswick County, was approved by the County Commission in 2017 and includes several strategies that involve Cooperative Extension. Promoting lifelong learning, natural resource conservation, and youth development for today and into the future. The honor of serving Brunswick County with research-based information and skills training for the farmers, gardeners, families, and youth of this greater community is the pleasure of the Extension staff. Following are their major efforts in the year 2017.

Agriculture and Horticulture

Agriculture is a $43M economy in Brunswick County. Extension conducted corn variety trials with a cooperating farmer in Supply to support the evaluation of new hybrids for our specific environmental and climate characteristics. Good Agricultural Practices (GAPs) training for vegetable growers has brought 4 farmers two steps closer to sales in wholesale markets which are actively seeking produce from this county and the Cape Fear region. Agritourism is a growing niche for farms that are diversifying to optimize financial positions in a time when farms are dwindling due to development; Extension consultations with landowners interested in agritourism and ecotourism resulted in expanded operations this year.

In 2017, the commercial horticulture program was able to reach new audiences by diversifying educational opportunities. The "Tailgate Talk" pesticide training program reached 75 unlicensed pesticide applicators who serve local, county, and private institutions throughout Brunswick County. Of the 75 participants who attended the Tailgate sessions, 100% improved their knowledge of: emerging pest issues, integrated strategies on how to control them, and how to better utilize the Pest Control for Turfgrass Managers manual. Further, 83% indicated intent to utilize extension to help troubleshoot landscape challenges. Local nurseries were kept up-to-date on emerging pest issues and were a part of a statewide monitoring program that alerted other nurseries about emerging insect pests. Hundreds of dollars were saved by using integrated approaches to pest management and by making timely and effective applications of pesticides.

Consumer Horticulture. The Consumer horticulture program, including Extension Master Gardener Volunteers, reached nearly 13,000 residents, including youth, throughout Brunswick County. Extension Master Gardener Volunteers were recognized at the state level for their achievements in the ongoing efforts to revitalize the Brunswick County Botanical Garden. The Backyard Naturalist Program successfully trained 15 participants and helped improve their environmental literacy. As a result of the class, the BYN Program will begin to incorporate volunteer hours for participants as a way to promote a healthy local environment throughout Brunswick County and the Cape Fear Region.

Food Corps taught nutrition, gardening and food systems subjects to Supply Elementary and Town Creek Elementary schools in 2017. Three garden beds were prepared for growing vegetables during the school year and research-based, age appropriate curriculum was shared with more than 160 students in 9 classes. The students helped plant and harvest the produce, as well as handpick stink bugs from the garden beds. In the classroom, we investigated the food pyramids from different traditional diets and compared them to our own MyPlate approach. We designed personalized meals with all the food groups and nutrients we need to be healthy. We cooked collards and made squash spaghetti. For many students, it was the first time they had tried (of heard of) zucchini squash.

In addition, the Food Corps Service Member contributed a new recipe card for each month's school newsletter, created bulletin board displays, connected with the Director of Child Nutrition for the entire school system to plan two future cafeteria taste tests in 2018, and worked with the local school cafeteria manager to identify what foods children do and don't like and to create a plan to introduce new vegetables like Brussels sprouts in school.

4-H Youth Development

Brunswick County 4-H continued to focus on leadership development, STEM, healthy living, and building partnerships in the community. This year we had to youth run for District Office, Lena Devlin became the Southeast District President and Amelia Apple become the Southeast District Reporter. In these roles Lena and Amelia have been able to gain additional leadership development training and teach youth across the state about leadership and teamwork as well. Another 4-Her, Sydney Blair, received one of four NC 4-H Youth Volunteer of the Year awards for her commitment to serving and teaching the youth of Brunswick County this past year. Our Teen Council and Teens in Leadership Training (TiLT) Youth Volunteer clubs continued to grow in numbers and volunteer hours.

A large part of our success in reaching the youth of Brunswick County was the partnerships and relationships in the community have allowed us to reach the youth in different settings. We continued to deliver programs in all elementary schools Brunswick County Schools, participated in three STEM nights in the county, and partnered with Communities in Schools (CIS) to provide after-school programming at four schools. We also partnered with Brunswick County Parks and Recreation to host Camp Brunswick which was a six weeks of summer programming. The programming areas were focused around healthy living, STEM, and leadership development. These partnerships allowed Brunswick County 4-H to reach approximately 3,500 youth.

Family and Consumer Sciences

FCS Programming began in 2017 with Cook Smart Eat Smart where 18 women from Cedar Grove Missionary Baptist learned how to make healthier food choices and healthier preparation techniques. An event with Bolivia Elementary School brought just over one-hindered fifth graders to the office for a day full of food, nutrition, physical activity, and agriculture stations where students learned about healthy eating, staying hydrated, gardening, embryology, and beekeeping! Cooking Demos were a big part of 2017 through Diabetes Cooking Demos and Food Bank Partner Agency Demos. Approximately 24 diabetics, pre-diabetics, or family members of diabetics attended cooking demonstrations for healthy diabetic recipes. Food Bank Partner Agencies received nutrition and food safety education at the quarterly Talking Councils and just under 200 food pantry clients tried new recipes using commonly donated items.

Throughout the summer, 22 participants learned the basics of home food preservation including jams and jellies, pickling, pressure canning, dehydrating, and freezing. Summer camps in all three counties included food and nutrition, physical activity, and mindfulness. Approximately 75 youth ages 5-18 participated in hands-on activities as part of the summer camps this year. Ninety-two first-graders and fifty-four third-graders completed SNAP-Education programs at Belville Elementary and Southport Elementary Schools, respectively. Lastly, a Mediterranean Cooking and Nutrition Series was held over a six-week period and 18 participants learned about "Eating the Med Way" as well as building their cooking skills.

With the help of three interns and six volunteers, 2017 programming was an even bigger success. There is a lot in store for the Family & Consumer Sciences Program for 2018, with a plan to host five interns, train 13 volunteers, and program in the areas of foods and nutrition across all three counties.

The Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program (EFNEP) reached out to limited resource audiences across Brunswick County to teach wellness and healthy food choices. The program had great success in gaining new partnerships including Parenting Education, Longwood HeadStart, Piney Grove HeadStart, a local WIC office, Snapback Queens Weight loss Program, Brunswick County Parks and Rec Cheerleading and football league parents. We had 88 graduating participants from the EFNEP classes and received great feedback and success stories from participants and partners.

In 2017 The Brunswick County Parenting program strived to bring alternate forms of parenting education to the Area. While continuing to utilize the Parenting Matter, VIP Parenting, and Step curriculums, we also offered workshops for parents who wanted to obtain subject specific knowledge in a short time frame. Those workshops included, Budgeting 101, Couponing for the Beginner, When is it Safe to Leave Your Child Alone, Co-Parenting, and 1,2,3 Magic. In May we hosted a “Teen Mom Pop-up Shop”, that provided free items, resources, and education to moms over 60 individuals, ages 14-25 in the county. In August we provided resources and school supplies to over 150 families to start off the new school Year. Year-round our partnership with St. Phillips Episcopal Church of Southport made it possible to provide approximately 45 mothers with diapers for their babies. Finishing out the year, we have made contact with over 300 families in Brunswick county, with a percentage of 97% graduates successfully completing a 4-6 week course tailored to their individual strengths and needs.

Cooperative Extension staff is proud to put their knowledge and experience to work for Brunswick County. We appreciate the opportunity to make a difference in the farms, families, youth, and natural resources of this incredible community.

II. County Background

The Brunswick Vision strategic planning process of 2016 included Extension staff to lead a citizen input group and serve on a guiding unit. The needs assessment portion identified many issues in the county that provide opportunities for Extension programming (promote agribusiness and agritourism; preserve shoreline, protect waterways and other environmental features; attract younger residents; and preserving agricultural and rural heritage). Marketing is an organizational issue that must be addressed because in a forced ranking of departments Cooperative Extension ranked low, even though service satisfaction with Extension was mentioned specifically as a strength of the county by participants in the survey.

The staff will focus on four main areas in 2017: Marketing of our programs, Training for volunteers, Partnerships that are selective and strategic, and Evaluation of programs for stakeholder feedback. These priority areas are based on needs assessments and observations by staff and advisory groups. We are looking forward to a highly productive year with a full staff.


Background

With over 123,000 residents, Brunswick County has the third fastest growth rates in North Carolina and is often among the leading growth counties nationwide as the local economy continues to rebound from a large recession which started late in the last decade. County Government is stable and fiscally sound with good leadership at the administration and department levels with nearly 1,000 employees working for the good of our residents.

Geographically, the county is a large (847 sq mi) coastal plain entity predominated by sand, low topography, shifting barrier islands and several small river systems which are completely contained within our borders. Economically, the county is split: the southern portion of Brunswick (below Highway 17) tends to be affluent along the coast while the portion of the county North of the highway is more rural with pockets of economic challenges.

Historically, the area was settled by Europeans in the early 1700's due to the region's valuable Naval Stores and Cape Fear River port. A colonial challenge to the tax stamps at Brunswick Towne preceded the Boston Tea Party by eight years. British forces and the Union Navy defeated the nearby Fort Anderson's inhabitants during their respective wars and the location remains as a state historic site. Today, Brunswick County has more municipalities than any other county in North Carolina and arguably the most number of golf courses here on the “Golf Coast.”

In Brunswick County, Extension is in a unique position to provide educational programming to various groups based on the identified needs. Several programs in the county target limited resource audiences with about 17,400 residents living below the poverty level. By curating the research-based information generated at North Carolina State University and North Carolina A&T State University, we can provide Brunswick County citizens with the information and solutions to meet the needs of the county.

III. Objectives to Address the Cooperative Extension Long Range Plan

North Carolina's plant production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.
North Carolina's agricultural crops industry makes major contributions to local communities and the state’s economy. In 2014, the estimated farm gate value of crops was $4.72 billion, placing NC as the 17th largest in the nation. North Carolina is one of the most diversified agriculture states in the nation. The state's 50,200 farmers grow over 80 different commodities, utilizing 8.4 million of the state's 31 million acres to furnish consumers a dependable and affordable supply of food and fiber. Tobacco remains one of the state's most predominant farm commodities. North Carolina produces more tobacco and sweet potatoes than any other state and ranks second in Christmas tree cash receipts. The state also produces a significant amount of cucumbers for pickles, lima beans, turnip greens, collard greens, mustard greens, strawberries, bell peppers, blueberries, chili peppers, fresh market cucumbers, snap beans, cabbage, eggplant, watermelons, pecans, peaches, squash, apples, sweet corn, tomatoes, and grapes. There is continual technological change and the relative profitability of individual farm enterprises changes over time; therefore, farmers must respond by modifying their farming operations. Changes in consumer demand create new opportunities for producers. Growth in alternative forms of agriculture will include, among others, organic and niche market production. Educational and training programs for producers of plant agricultural products and services will enhance their ability to achieve financial and lifestyle goals and to enhance economic development locally, regionally and statewide.
Value* Outcome Description
11Number of crop (all plant systems) producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
1Number of Extension initiated and controlled County demonstration test sites (new required for GLF/PSI reporting)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
11Number of crop (all plant systems) producers adopting best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
80000Net income gains realized by the adoption of best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
3Number of producers reporting increased dollar returns per acre or reduced costs per acre
1Number of producers reporting reduction in fertilizer used per acre
6Number of acres in conservation tillage or other Best Management Practice
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
North Carolina's animal production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.
North Carolina's livestock industry makes major contributions to local communities and the state’s economy. In 2014, the estimated farm gate value of livestock, dairy, and poultry was $8.85 billion, placing NC as the 7th largest in the nation. Hogs & pigs have historically been an important part of North Carolina agriculture. The industry has changed dramatically since the 1980s from the small farm raising a few hogs to large confinement type operations. North Carolina's number of cattle & calves on farms has remained relatively stable throughout time. Milk cow inventory and milk production have continued to decline in the state. Unlike other commodities, broiler production in North Carolina is increasing throughout the state. There is continual technological change and the relative profitability of individual farm enterprises changes over time; therefore, farmers must respond by modifying their farming operations. Changes in consumer demand create new opportunities for producers. Growth in alternative forms of agriculture will include, among others, organic, niche market production, and pasture-raised livestock. Educational and training programs for producers of animal agricultural products and services will enhance their ability to achieve financial and lifestyle goals and to enhance economic development locally, regionally and statewide.
Value* Outcome Description
92Number of animal producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
64Number of animal producers adopting Extension-recommended best management practices, including those practices related to husbandry, improved planning, marketing, and financial practices
16000Net income gains by producers adopting Extension-recommended best management practices, including those practices related to husbandry, improved planning, marketing, and financial practices
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Producers will increase sales of food locally to more agriculturally aware consumers through market development, producer and consumer education, and new farmer and infrastructure support.
Farmers will increase their capacity to supply product for local food sales through market planning efforts, producer and consumer education, beginning farmer training programs and local market infrastructure development. The fastest growing area of consumer demand in agriculture continues to be organic. Farmers' markets continue to expand as do multiple efforts in local sustainable agriculture. Nationally, "Buy Local, Buy Fresh" movements have emerged in the face of concerns about the risks involved in long distance transportation of industrialized food production. Increasingly, public officials and business leaders see promotion of local farm products as good public policy and local economic development. Additionally, individuals will learn to supplement their current diet by growing their own fruits and vegetables as individuals or as community groups.
Value* Outcome Description
58Number of producers who gain skills or knowledge to increase production for local markets.
47Number of adults (including producers, food business owners, etc.) who improved knowledge of local food and agricultural systems.
29Number of children/youth who improved knowledge of local food and agricultural systems.
30Number of individuals who gain knowledge or acquire skills related to vegetable/fruit gardening, and if also reporting under Urban and Consumer Agriculture Objective, divide up the reported number appropriately between the two objectives to avoid duplication.
51Number of producers who improve local food marketing skills or knowledge.
20Number of individuals who learn how to prepare local foods, including through use of home food preservation techniques.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
26Number of new and existing access points for consumers that expand or improve their offering of local fruits and vegetables. Access points include farmers markets, retail stores, school food programs, community gardens, institutions other than schools (e.g. hospitals, universities, etc.), and other systems/access points not noted (e.g. restaurants, etc.).
3Number of producers selling their agricultural products to local markets (direct, intermediated/food service, institutional) for consumption in NC.
3Number of producers who diversified their marketing strategies into local markets (direct, intermediated/food service, institutional).
5Number of producers (and other members of the local food supply chain) who have increased revenue.
7Number of new farms (beginning farmers) selling into local markets for local consumption (in this reporting period).
48Number of individuals who grow food in community gardens.
110Number of youth who grow food in school gardens.
7Number of individuals who begin home food production by starting to raise backyard livestock.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Agricultural producers, workers, food handlers and consumers will adopt safer food and agricultural production, handling, and distribution practices that reduce workplace and home injuries/illnesses, enhance food security, and increase the quality and safety of food that North Carolinians prepare and consume.
Training and educational programs for farmers, agricultural workers, food handlers, and consumers will provide research-based programming, materials, information and expertise to compel these individuals to implement practices relating to the overall safety and security for the food supply and farming systems. Components of this include on-farm, packinghouse, and transportation management, retail and food service establishments, and consumer’s homes. Therefore targeted audiences include farmers and agricultural workers and their families, food handlers and workers (both amateur and commercial), transporters, processors, business operators, food service and retail staff, supervisors of any food facility, long term care facility staff and individuals who purchase, prepare and serve food in their homes. With an estimated 76 million foodborne illnesses annually, costing an estimated $1.4 trillion, food safety highlights a specific area of risk to be addressed by Cooperative Extension. The recent produce-related foodborne illness outbreaks have brought public attention to a problem that has been increasing nationally for the last ten years. The issues of foodborne illness and food safety pose immediate risks for farmers affecting the areas of economics, consumer demand, and market access. Because no processing or kill steps are involved with produce that is typically eaten raw, the best measures to limit microorganisms and fresh produce related illness are to prevent microbes from contaminating the product. Practices like Good Agricultural Practices (GAPs), Good Handling Practices (GHPs), and Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points (HACCP) represent a systematic preventive approach to food safety, protecting agricultural products as they move from farm to retail and restaurants and finally to families. While there is currently no legal requirements for growers to implement GAPs, buyers have responded to the public concern by requiring their produce growers to adhere to current guidelines and possibly even require GAPs certification. The main areas of concern incorporate production, harvesting, packing, and transporting produce in the areas of water quality, manure management, domestic and wildlife management, worker health and hygiene, transportation, traceability, and documentation. For North Carolina growers to be competitive and produce safe product, it is important that they gain knowledge about and implement food safety programs that minimize physical, chemical and biological hazards Food safety risks do not stop at primary production. As risks associated with pathogens can occur at many junctions between primary production and consumption, food safety is a truly farm-to-fork issue. The World Health Organization and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have defined 5 factors that lead to foodborne illness outbreaks: Inadequate cooking or processing procedures; improper storage and holding temperatures, cross-contamination between potentially contaminated raw materials and ready-to-eat foods (either directly or through poor sanitation); and poor implementation of personal hygiene practices. The preventative steps targeting risk reduction taken at each of the components making up the food supply chain are critical in preventing food-borne illness. Educational programs including ServSAFE, School HACCP workshops, food safety at childcare and senior centers, and targeted farm-to-fork food safety inclusion for all food handlers is necessary for important for advances in knowledge and implementation of preventative programs. Equally important is that families and children have a secure food supply. Hunger in American households has risen by 43 percent over the last five years, according to an analysis of US Department of Agriculture (USDA) data released in the report "Household Food Security in the United States, 2004." The analysis, completed by the Center on Hunger and Poverty at Brandeis University, shows that more than 7 million people have joined the ranks of the hungry since 1999. The USDA report says that 38.2 million Americans live in households that suffer directly from hunger and food insecurity, including nearly 14 million children. That figure is up from 31 million Americans in 1999. Limited-resource, socially disadvantaged and food-insecure individuals, families and communities will be provided with information and opportunities to enhance household food, diet and nutritional security. Agriculture is one of the most hazardous industries in the United States, and consistently ranks as the first, second or third most deadly industry along with mining and construction. Agriculture is unique in that the work and home place are often the same, exposing both workers and family members to hazards. In the United States on average each year, there are 700 deaths and 140,000 injuries to those who work in agriculture, defined as farming, forestry and fishing. Farmers, farmworkers and their families are at high risk for fatal and nonfatal injuries (primarily from tractor roll-overs, machinery entanglements, and animal handling incidents), musculo-skeletal conditions, work-related lung diseases, noise-induced hearing loss, heat stress and heat stroke, pesticide exposure and illness, skin diseases, behavioral health issues, and certain cancers associated with chemical use and prolonged sun exposure. The health and safety of migrant and seasonal farmworkers are complicated by other conditions such as infectious disease, hypertension, and diabetes, as well as cultural and language barriers. Farmers and farmworkers alike are subject to lack of access to health care. Agricultural injury and illness are costly, with total US annual costs reaching $4.5 billion and per farm costs equaling $2,500, or 15% of net income. Median health care coverage for farm families is $6,000 per year. In North Carolina, 27% of farm families do not have health insurance, while 29% of farmers do not have health insurance. Many others have health care coverage with high annual deductibles and high premiums. Agromedicine is a comprehensive, collaborative approach involving both agricultural and health scientists to develop solutions addressing the health and safety issues of the agricultural community through research, education and outreach. The North Carolina Agromedicine Institute, a partnership of NC State University, NC A&T State University and East Carolina University in collaboration with others, develops and evaluates effective programs to reduce injury and illness in agriculture, forestry and fishing. One such program is called Certified Safe Farm (CSF) and AgriSafe. CSF and AgriSafe were first developed and researched in Iowa. CSF and AgriSafe are being adapted to North Carolina agriculture by the NC Agromedicine Institute and its Cooperative Extension collaborators. Certified Safe Farm combines AgriSafe health services (wellness and occupational health screenings and personal protection equipment selection and fit services) conducted by trained AgriSafe health providers, on-farm safety reviews conducted by trained Extension agents, and community education and outreach to achieve safety and health goals established by participating farmers and their employees and families. Insurance incentives and safety equipment cost-share programs for participating farmers are still being developed. Other ongoing educational programs addressing agricultural health and safety include farm safety days for children, youth, or families, employee hands-on farm safety training, the National Safe Tractor and Machinery Operation Program for youth, and youth ATV operator safety certification programs.
Individuals and groups will acquire leadership and decision making capacities needed to guide and actively participate in local and state organizations.
Leadership is important to every level of a community sharing in the creation of wealth and well-being. Youth and adult leaders must be capable of motivating groups to achieve common goals that impact North Carolina families and communities.They will need the confidence and skill to guide and support North Carolina community and state organizations. Citizens participating in the 2007 NC Tomorrow survey denoted the importance of leadership by clearly requesting leadership training (54%), social advising, community advising and technical assistance (45%)from their university system.
Value* Outcome Description
12Number of adults increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
9Number of adults assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
361Number of youth increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
23Number of youth assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
18Number of adults increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
10Number of adults assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
300Number of youth increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
23Number of youth assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Youth and adults will address community issues and/or challenges through volunteerism.
Youth and adult volunteers in North Carolina contribute thousands of hours each year to strengthen communities and create strong foundations for the future. As these individuals engage in service, they are gaining new skills, generating new programs to serve their communities, building successful organizations, and fostering an ethic of service. Cooperative Extension is poised to support the development of interpersonal skills, leadership experiences, and content knowledge to ensure that citizens are prepared to engage in meaningful service throughout the lifespan. Current research suggests that youth and adult participation positively impacts civic engagement and contributes to the development of leadership capacities. With its presence in every county, Cooperative Extension is uniquely positioned to contribute to building a stronger ethic of service among youth and adults.
Value* Outcome Description
59Number of adult participants acquiring the skills needed to serve as a volunteer
25Number of youth participants reporting aspirations to serve in new or expanded volunteer roles in community
20Number of adult participants reporting aspirations to serve in new or expanded volunteer roles in community
256Number of hours adult volunteer training conducted
6Number of hours youth volunteer training conducted
65Number new volunteers recruited
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
1164Increased number of hours contributed by trained youth volunteers
7376Increased number of hours contributed by trained adult volunteers
6Number of youth volunteers serving in new or expanded roles within Extension
19Number of adult volunteers serving in new or expanded roles within Extension
2Number of youth volunteers recruiting and/or training new volunteers
17Number of adult volunteers recruiting and/or training new volunteers
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Parents and caregivers will effectively use recommended parenting, self care practices and community resources.
North Carolina communities are only as strong and viable as the families that reside there. To create and maintain viable communities where children and youth succeed and the elderly are protected and cared for parents and caregivers need knowledge and skills that build their capacity to function effectively and carryout their responsibilities. They need to be equipped to: 1) foster positive parent-child relationships, 2) address anti-social behavior with appropriate disciplinary techniques, 3) implement positive role modeling, child monitoring and supervision strategies and 4) prevent practices that lead to the abuse and neglect of children. State data suggest that strengthening parenting skills could serve as an asset to families and communities. Risk and needs assessment data on 46,041 youth involved in NC courts found that 59% of the youth had problems in school, 40% had relationships with peers associated with gangs and delinquent behavior, 40% had parents who were either unable or unwilling to supervise them, and 68% had parents with either marginal or inadequate supervision skills. A large percentage of NC working families with children under six (63.34%) must rely on child care services. Child care practitioner education and training is key to providing quality childcare. Family members provide care to a rapidly growing aging population that could double, reaching 2.8 million in the next two decades. A majority of elderly North Carolinians suffer from multiple chronic illnesses. Caregiver demands can trigger health problems, financial and emotional stress. Families who provide care and support for elderly family members also need skills to succeed with less stress and financial burden and need to be linked to community resources that provide support for the care and maintenance of elderly family members.
Adults and youth will apply financial management practices to increase their economic security, which include to: meet basic necessities, increase savings, reduce debt, and build long-term assets.
North Carolina families are experiencing financial distress. A slowing state economy with depressed incomes, rising interest rates, housing and medical costs and increased living expenses for gasoline and food have strained household budgets. NC households (21%) lack access to enough food for an active healthy life for all household members. Families forced into home insecurity in the state reached 47% because of the inability to pay their rent or increased mortgage payments. Foreclosure starts increased 154% between the third quarter of 2006 and first quarter 2010 with projections of increases in foreclosures through 2012. The loss of housing as a primary asset hurts the family emotionally, psychologically and economically and impacts property values and tax revenue in communities. To avoid negative financial outcomes families need skills to develop and execute spending plans to better manage income to cover monthly living expenses, to evaluate, select and manage financial products, and to increase and protect family assets. Eighteen percent (18%) or 1 out of 5 households are asset poor and lack sufficient net worth to subsist at the poverty level for three months without a job or source of support. Due to inadequate savings 1 out of 3 households reported using credit cards to cover basic living expenses, including rent, mortgage payments, groceries, utilities and insurance. Credit card debt and changes in interest rate policies have forced many families to become delinquent on credit repayment. Families nationwide also report feeling that they have inadequate savings for emergencies, educating their children and retirement. Skills that help families develop and implement debt repayment strategies, make sound consumer decisions to avoid scams and frauds, like predatory lending and identity theft, and create and implement plans to achieve short-term and long-term financial goals like acquiring a home, saving for retirement and education and emergency funds can help families recover from poor financial management practices and become more financially secure. In the context of “the Great Recession” and high unemployment (10.4% North Carolina; 9% National (October 2011)) families need knowledge and skills to access information and programs that support family economic security during periods of unemployment, under-employment and/or retirement.
Futures that Work: School to Career Pathways
We are living in a new economy powered by technology, fueled by information and driven by knowledge. Extension programs provide opportunities for youth and adults to improve their level of education and increase their skills that enable them to be competitive in our global society and workforce.
Value* Outcome Description
34Number of teachers trained in 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum
968Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
384Total number of female participants in STEM program
25Number of high school age youth (students) participating as members of 4-H clubs
8Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge of career/employability skills
3Number of adults increasing knowledge of career/employability skills
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
48Number of teachers using 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum in their classrooms
1482Number of youth (students) gaining knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
25Number of youth (students) gaining career / employability skills
3Number of adults gaining career / employability skills
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
North Carolinians will make decisions and adopt practices that implement effective resource protection and conservation.
The natural resources in North Carolina are an important asset that benefit all citizens, but many citizens are unaware of the consequences of actions and practices they implement. The continued population growth of North Carolina is putting pressure on natural resources in terms of quantity and quality. To have a healthy and productive natural environment, professionals and citizens must be knowledgeable of environmental issues and conservation and management opportunities.
Value* Outcome Description
387Number of participants increasing their knowledge about best management practices
178Number of participants certified to implement and maintain BMPs
435Number of youth and adults demonstrating increased knowledge of natural resources and environmental issues
48Number of youth willing to participate in conservation actions
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
18Number of participants that adopted recommended climate adaption strategies for production agriculture or natural resource management, including for invasive species, pest management, pollutant loads, and wetlands.
1Number of acres under recommended climate adaption strategies for production agriculture or natural resource management, including for invasive species, pest management, pollutant loads, and wetlands.
98Number of participants that adopted recommended climate mitigation practices such as water-use efficiency, livestock production feeding practices, carbon sequestration, reducing carbon or energy footprint.
175Number of acres under recommended climate mitigation practices such as water-use efficiency, livestock production feeding practices, carbon sequestration, reducing carbon or energy footprint.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Consumers and communities will enhance the value of plants, animals, and landscapes while conserving valuable natural resources and protecting the environment.
Residential, commercial and public entities will make decisions regarding plant selection, placement and management that will decrease water consumption, preserve and improve water quality, mitigate storm water contaminants, reduce erosion, energy consumption, and greenwaste, expand wildlife habitat, improve real estate value, and improve diet and nutrition of consumers. The horse and "farmer lifestyle" industry will continue to grow and have an increasing impact on North Carolina's economy, while protecting the environment. The NCDA&CS reports that 65,000 horse producers own over 225,000 horses which annually generates over $704 million of gross revenue from training, showing, boarding and breeding establishments in addition to agri-business sales of horse-related products. The total economic impact of the NC green industry is $8.6 billion, involving 151,982 employees, and 120,741 acres of production (Green Industry Council, 2006). North Carolina residential consumers spend $5.9 billion dollars per year on garden and landscape related expenses (Green Industry Council, 2006). For 2007, North Carolina's population is estimated to be 8,968,800 (LINC). The population grew by 1,323,288 (15%), between 1997 and 2007 and it is projected to grow by another 1,330,055 (13%), over the next ten years (LINC). Over 50% of the population now lives in urban areas. Despite evidence of the ecological and financial benefits, environmentally responsible landscaping strategies are not being implemented widely. Renovating a landscape to incorporate water conserving strategies may result in using 36% less water. Urban water run-off accounts for the majority of water pollution, mostly pesticides and fertilizers, that does not come from a specific industrial source. Selection of well-adapted plants, effective pest management, and appropriate care and feeding of plants will greatly reduce dependence on fertilizers and pesticides. Rain water that is not absorbed by the soil becomes erosive storm water runoff, which transports pollutants such as fertilizer, pesticides, sediment, motor oil, litter, and animal waste to local streams and rivers. Landscape designs will include rain gardens and other runoff catchment facilities (underground cisterns, etc.) that are attractive and easy to maintain in residential areas. Homeowners will learn that proper plant selection and placement can reduce winter heating bills by as much as 15% and summer cooling bills by as much as 50 percent, while reducing the need to prune over-sized plants. Wild habitat areas are rapidly being converted into housing and commercial properties, displacing native plants and animals. Choosing native or adapted plants that provide food and shelter creates a haven for butterflies, birds, lizards, and other animals. Edible landscaping can increase the amount and expand the variety of fresh fruits and vegetables consumed.
Value* Outcome Description
30000Number of participants improving knowledge, attitude, skills and aspirations regarding gardening and landscape practices including plant selection and placement, turfgrass management, soil management, growing food, water conservation and water quality preservation, storm water and erosion management, green waste management, pest and wildlife management
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
30000Number of participants who use extension-recommended best management practices in landscapes, turf, and gardens, including pest (insect, weed, disease) management, fertility management, water conservation, water quality preservation and pruning techniques
596000Total cost savings from the use of extension-recommended best management practices in landscapes, turf, and gardens, including pest (insect, weed, disease) management, fertility management, water conservation, water quality preservation and pruning techniques
30000Number of participants who use extension-recommended pest management practices in homes, public facilities, businesses or in community pest management programs
596000Cost savings from using extension-recommended pest management practices in homes, public facilities, businesses or in community pest management programs
17880Number of participants selecting appropriate landscape plants (adapted, drought tolerant, appropriate size, etc.)
357600Cost savings from the appropriate selection of landscape plants
3720Number of participants growing food for home consumption
74400Value of produce grown for home consumption
650Number of participants adopting composting
4Reduced tonnage of greenwaste as a result of Extension-recommended practices including composting and proper plant selection
30000Number of participants implementing extension-recommended practices to conserve water use and protect water qualty
750000Costs savings from implementing extension-recommended practices to conserve water use and protect water qualtiy
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Youth and adult program participants will make healthy food choices, achieve the recommended amount of physical activity and reduce risk factors for chronic diseases.
Many North Carolinians are affected by chronic disease and conditions that compromise their quality of life and well-being. Heart disease, stroke and cancer continue to be leading causes of death in our state. In addition, obesity and obesity related chronic diseases such as diabetes continue to rise at alarming rates. Healthy eating and physical activity are critical to achieve optimal health. Many North Carolinians have diets that are too high in calories and too low in fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Portion sizes, foods eaten away-from-home and consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages continue to rise. In addition, most North Carolinians do not engage in regular physical activity. The prevalence of overweight and obesity has nearly doubled in the past 10 years. If the trend of overweight is not slowed, it will eliminate the progress we have made in reducing the burden of weigh-related chronic disease. One in every three US children born after 2000 will become diabetic unless many more people start eating less and exercising more. The cost of obesity in North Carolina in health care costs alone is over 2 billion dollars. There are many proposed reasons for the obesity epidemic, however unhealthy eating and physical inactivity are widely recognizes as primary contributors to the problem. Those who make healthy food choices and are physically active are more likely to achieve and maintain a healthy weight as well reduce chronic diseases. Ultimately, this will lead to reduction in health care costs, increased longevity, greater productivity and improved quality of life.
Value* Impact Description
90Number of adults increasing their fruit and vegetables consumption
456Number of youth increasing their fruit and vegetable consumption
1314Number of participants increasing their physical activity
39Number of participants who consume less sodium in their diet
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

IV. Other Objectives

Continue development of the "Gardens of Brunswick" concept as a premier horticultural destination site and teaching garden.
1) In cooperation with Extension Master Gardener Volunteers and Brunswick Community College's Horticulture Department, continue development of complementary plants collections with plant identification labels at the main campus and the government complex that will be marketed as the "Gardens of Brunswick". 2) In cooperation with Extension Master Gardener Volunteers and Brunswick Community College's Horticulture Department, develop an internship program where college students assist in the expansion of the Brunswick Botanical Garden and other county-owned properties. 3) Incorporate the Brunswick Botanical Garden and the storm water best management practices demonstration into a comprehensive plan for enhancing the landscaped areas of the Brunswick County Government Complex. 4) Develop and implement major events centered around the botanical garden with educational and community development components. These may include tours of the gardens and special events highlighting specific plant collections or other aspects of the garden. 5) Incorporate additional areas (Buildings F and G, new fuel station, parking lot in front of Building N) into the Brunswick Botanical Garden to improve aesthetics, properly handle storm water and expand the educational mission of the garden.

V. Number of Contacts Made by Extension

Type of ContactNumber
Face-to-face* 15,636
Non face-to-face** 25,325
Total by Extension staff in 2017 40,961
* Face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make directly with individuals through one-on-one visits, meetings, and other activities where staff members work directly with individuals.
** Non face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make indirectly with individuals by telephone, email, newsletters, news articles, radio, television, and other means.

VI. Designated Grants Received by Extension

Type of GrantAmount
Contracts/Grants $2,000.00
Gifts/Donations $0.00
In-Kind Grants/Donations $35,000.00
United Way/Foundations $0.00
User Fees $0.00
Total $37,000.00

VII. Volunteer Involvement in Extension Programs

Number of Volunteers* Number of Volunteer Hours Known client contacts by volunteers Dollar Value at 24.14
4-H: 99 1,292 4,492 $ 31,189.00
Advisory Leadership System: 45 243 232 $ 5,866.00
Extension Community Association: 0 0 0 $ 0.00
Extension Master Gardener: 771 5,650 21,912 $ 136,391.00
Other: 24 61 493 $ 1,473.00
Total: 939 7246 27129 $ 174,918.00
* The number of volunteers reflects the overall number of volunteers for multiple events.

VIII. Membership of Advisory Leadership System

County Advisory Council
Jane Kulesza
Ron Skubic
Jane Steigerwald
Michael Gore
Britt Huggins
Yvette Gosline
Margaret Shelton
4-H Advisory Committee
Chris Gallup
Dawn Britt
Jane Kulesza
Kathy Sherman
Mel Johnson
Grace Wrigley
Debbie Bartholomew
Horticulture Advisors
Mary Dixon
Jeanne Pavero
Merry MacBarb
Vicki Fuhrmann
Vic Stephens
Krystyna Ochota
Grace Wrigley
Voluntary Agricultural District
Chip Carroll
Jody Clemmons
Pearly Vereen
Sam Bellamy
Marc Green
Mamie Caison
Kirstie Dixon
Michelle Kasey
Local Foods Policy Council
Jane Kulesza
Sarah Daniels
Margaret Shelton
Michael Callahan
Lewis Dozier
Morgan Nelms

IX. Staff Membership

Mark Blevins
Title: County Extension Director, Brunswick & Interim County Extension Dir, New Hanover
Phone: (910) 253-2610
Email: mark_blevins@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Mark directs the total county program in beautiful Brunswick County and has service responsibilities for agriculture, environmental issues and community development.

Gina Britton
Title: County Extension Support Specialist
Phone: (910) 253-2610
Email: Gina_Britton@ncsu.edu

Mike Frinsko
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Aquaculture
Phone: (252) 448-9621
Email: mike_frinsko@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provide technical training and assistance to commercial aquaculture producers in the Southeast Extension District

Anita Handler
Title: Program Coordinator, Youth Restitution Grant
Phone: (910) 253-2610
Email: anita_handler@ncsu.edu

Marissa Herchler
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Animal Food Safety (FSMA Programs)
Phone: (919) 515-5396
Email: marissa_herchler@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marissa is an Area Specialized Agent for animal food safety, with emphasis on the new Food Safety Modernization Act rules, as they apply to feed mills in North Carolina. Please contact Marissa with any FSMA related questions, or PCQI training inquiries.

Alicia Jenkins
Title: Program Associate, Parent Education
Phone: (910) 253-2610
Email: alicia_jenkins@ncsu.edu

Kwanisha Jenkins
Title: EFNEP Educator, Extension Program Assistant
Phone: (910) 253-2610
Email: kjenkin5@ncsu.edu

Lynette Johnston
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-0303
Email: lynette_johnston@ncsu.edu

Michelle Kasey
Title: Administrative Assistant
Phone: (910) 253-2610
Email: michelle_kasey@ncsu.edu

Morgan King
Title: Extension Agent, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (910) 253-2610
Email: mhking3@ncsu.edu

Colby Lambert
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Forestry
Phone: (910) 814-6041
Email: colby_lambert@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides educational opportunities and technical support to forest landowners, agents, and forest industry in eastern North Carolina.

Danny Lauderdale
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Nursery and Greenhouse, Eastern Region
Phone: (252) 237-0111
Email: danny_lauderdale@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides programming to commercial ornamental nursery and greenhouse producers in eastern North Carolina.

Angie Lawrence
Title: Program Associate, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (910) 253-2610
Email: angie_lawrence@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: 4-H Program Assistant, 4-H TiLT Coordinator,

Shawn Lennon
Title: Program Assistant - Agriculture, Horticulture
Phone: (910) 253-2610
Email: slennon@ncsu.edu

Bill Lord
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Water Resources
Phone: (919) 496-3344
Email: william_lord@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Water quality education and technical assistance

Sam Marshall
Title: Extension Agent, Agriculture - Horticulture
Phone: (910) 253-2610
Email: wsmarsh2@ncsu.edu

Stephanie McDonald-Murray
Title: Regional Nutrition Extension Associate - Southeast EFNEP and SNAP-Ed
Phone: (910) 296-2143
Email: stephanie_mcdonald@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Job Description: Provides programmatic supervision to the EFNEP program in the South East District.

Rachel McDowell
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Consumer & Retail Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9155
Email: romcdowe@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Support FCS Agents in delivering timely and evidence-based food safety education and information to stakeholders in NC.

Morgan McKnight
Title: Extension Agent, Family and Consumer Sciences
Phone: (910) 798-7660
Email: morgan_mcknight@ncsu.edu

Diana Rashash
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Water Quality/Waste Management
Phone: (910) 455-5873
Email: diana_rashash@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Water and wastewater issues of all types: stormwater, aquatic weed ID & control, water quality & quantity, septic systems, animal waste, land application of wastewater, environment & sustainability, climate, etc.

Margaret Ross
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Poultry
Phone: (252) 670-8254
Email: margaret_ross@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Working with commercial poultry producers to assist in writing nutrient management plans and conducting educational programming.

Chip Simmons
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Food Safety
Phone: (919) 414-5632
Email: odsimmon@ncsu.edu

Allan Thornton
Title: Extension Associate
Phone: (910) 592-7161
Email: allan_thornton@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Vegetable Extension Specialist. Conducts Extension and applied research programs for commercial vegetable and fruit growers and agents in eastern North Carolina.

Thomas Woods
Title: Agriculture Technician
Phone: (910) 253-2610
Email: tom_woods@ncsu.edu

Mitch Woodward
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Watersheds and Water Quality
Phone: (919) 250-1112
Email: mdwoodwa@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: NC Cooperative Extension's Goals include: - NC's natural resources and environmental quality will be protected, conserved and enhanced. - NC will have profitable, environmentally sustainable plant, animal and food systems. Protecting our environmental resources, particularly drinking water quality, is a top priority in NC. NC Cooperative Extension is a leader in teaching, researching, and accelerating the adoption of effective water quality protection practices.

X. Contact Information

Brunswick County Center
25 Referendum Dr
Bolivia, NC 28422

Phone: (910) 253-2610
Fax: (910) 253-2612
URL: http://brunswick.ces.ncsu.edu