2018 Yancey County Program Impact Report

Approved: January 30, 2019

I. Executive Summary

Yancey County Extension focused on seven key state and county objectives in 2018. Some of the highlights are listed below. The full impact report is available for a more in-depth look at the work Extension has conducted.

Yancey county is a small rural, Tier I county (economically distressed) and agriculture is one of the legs of the Counties, three prong approach to Economic development (Arts and Tech being the others). Yancey focused on these three agricultural objectives to strengthen this important sector.

1. Profitable and Sustainable Plant Production: 248 producers increased their knowledge about best management and production practices, 79 reported increased dollar return per acre, and 28 reduced a reduction in fertilizer used.

2. Local Foods: 1260 youth and adults improved their knowledge of local foods and our agricultural system, TRACTOR the food hub created by Extension had 50 new and existing markets for consumers and producers. 11,000 pounds of food was donated to local to local food banks.

3. Safety and Security of Food and Farm Systems: 51 commercial and private pesticides operators were trained, and 16 hours of pesticide application credit hours were provided to growers. 34 acres were GAP certified, and 9 individuals in the restaurant industry were trained in ServSafe.

Volunteers have played a key role in Extension ability to expand its program impacts. Volunteer development will continue to be a point of emphasis moving forward.

4. Volunteer readiness: In Yancey County 150 plus volunteers donated 4092 hours to the community, including Master Gardeners, Master Food Volunteers, 4-H Leaders , and 4-H youth, and FFA students.

Parenting has become a critical county focus for a number of reasons including the opioid epidemic, and a need for more parenting education for the families seeking help in raising their children. Extension has helped fill this void and has had success in reaching out to families. Extension trainings do not carry the stigma associated with programs offered by DSS and Mental Health. Participants are more willing to attend Extension based parenting & family programs.

5. Parenting & Caregiving: 30 adults increased their knowledge of community resources, 38 adults and professionals increased their knowledge of best practices in parenting and caregiving, and 18 professionals earned CEUs

The School to Career pathway covers a majority of the Yancey 4-H programs. Yancey uses summer camps, school enrichment, and the traditional 4-H clubs to make a broad and deep impact for the youth in Yancey County.

6. School to Career Pathways: 294 youth increased their knowledge in STEM, 120 were female

Healthy eating and lifestyles is the emphasis of 4-H , FCS and the Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program (EFNEP) programs. In 2018 Extension did not have an ENEP Educator to work with the school system, so numbers of youth served are significantly lower that in 2017 when ALL k through 5th graders were served by EFNEP, over 1000 youth.

7. Healthy eating, physical activity and Chronic Disease reduction: 51 youth increased their fruit and vegetable consumption, 32 participants increased their physical activity, and 25 reduced their sodium intake.

Extension was directly responsible for $23,491 in grants and funding to help extend the programing efforts and impacts.

II. County Background

Yancey County, located in Western North Carolina, has the highest average elevation of any county in North Carolina. One of its peaks is Mount Mitchell with an elevation of 6,684 feet. The rural county has a total land area of 199,968 acres with 450 farms in 2012 (down from 622 farms in 2002), that average 75 acres in size. Yancey County has experienced loss of over half of its manufacturing jobs including the loss of much of its textile industry. Economic leaders see the arts, entrepreneurship, and agriculture as important sectors of the changing economy. Yancey County is a Tier I county.

The current population estimate is 17,818 and is made up of approximately two percent Black, eleven percent Hispanic, and eighty seven percent White. Yancey County has an aging population. The 55 plus age group is almost 50% larger than the state average according to the Sanford Holshouser Business Development Group strategic plan. The school age population of approximately 2300 has declined slightly for the past ten years. The per capita income in 2008-2012 was $19,404 compared with the state’s $25,285. The 2012 childhood poverty rate is 31% for Yancey and the NC rate is only 25%, he 2006-2010 Elderly poverty rate is 17% while the NC rate is only 11% (www.ncruralcenter.org/databank/profile.php?county.) Additionally, the ‘children in foster care’ rate for Yancey County is 15.5 compared to the North Carolina state rate of 4.7. The average number of students dropping out of high school from 2003-2007 was 44. Many of the children live in remote areas and students may ride the school bus for up to 2 hours each day. In the six elementary schools, and two middle schools, there are six after school programs.

The Yancey County Extension Center and the Advisory Council and 2012 environmental scan identified the top five programming priority issues as: Profitable and Sustainable Agriculture Systems, Local Food Systems, Safety and Security of our Food and Farm Systems, Natural Resources Conservation and Environmental Sustainability. Other data used to establish programming included Yancey County demographic and economic data, the Farm to Fork Report, 2010 Feasibility Study of a Yancey Ag Center and input from the advisory leadership system. The Yancey County Center of the North Carolina Cooperative Extension is committed to provide educational programs that will impact the families and farmers facing economic challenges.

The emphasis on farms and agriculture as an important opportunity in the economy, the concerns toward farmland preservation, the growing “buy local” movement, food safety and security issues, and entrepreneurship opportunities will be a part of the educational programming to address the Agriculture and Foods issue. Youth Life and Academic Skills development will be addressed with educational opportunities through 4-H school enrichment, community clubs, and after-school programming, as well as, programs targeting high risk youth. The youth programs will focus on life skills, especially in the areas of Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM). Cooperative Extension will be a significant partner with communities to deliver education and technology that can enrich the lives, land and economy of the residents of Yancey County.

III. Objectives to Address the Cooperative Extension Long Range Plan

North Carolina's plant production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.

Value* Outcome Description
248Number of crop (all plant systems) producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
3Number of Extension initiated and controlled County demonstration test sites (new required for GLF/PSI reporting)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
118Number of crop (all plant systems) producers adopting best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
34500Net income gains realized by the adoption of best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
79Number of producers reporting increased dollar returns per acre or reduced costs per acre
28Number of producers reporting reduction in fertilizer used per acre
504Number of acres in conservation tillage or other Best Management Practice
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Producers will increase sales of food locally to more agriculturally aware consumers through market development, producer and consumer education, and new farmer and infrastructure support.

Value* Outcome Description
318Number of producers who gain skills or knowledge to increase production for local markets.
851Number of adults (including producers, food business owners, etc.) who improved knowledge of local food and agricultural systems.
419Number of children/youth who improved knowledge of local food and agricultural systems.
394Number of individuals who gain knowledge or acquire skills related to vegetable/fruit gardening, and if also reporting under Urban and Consumer Agriculture Objective, divide up the reported number appropriately between the two objectives to avoid duplication.
171Number of producers who improve local food marketing skills or knowledge.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
50Number of new and existing access points for consumers that expand or improve their offering of local fruits and vegetables. Access points include farmers markets, retail stores, school food programs, community gardens, institutions other than schools (e.g. hospitals, universities, etc.), and other systems/access points not noted (e.g. restaurants, etc.).
189Number of producers selling their agricultural products to local markets (direct, intermediated/food service, institutional) for consumption in NC.
108Number of producers who diversified their marketing strategies into local markets (direct, intermediated/food service, institutional).
853000Gross sales of local foods by producers. (Increase in gross sales to be calculated at the state level.)
65Number of producers (and other members of the local food supply chain) who have increased revenue.
22Number of new farms (beginning farmers) selling into local markets for local consumption (in this reporting period).
3Number of new local food value chain businesses, other than farms (in this reporting period).
30Number of individuals who grow food in community gardens.
11000Number of pounds of local foods donated for consumption by vulnerable populations.
319Number of youth who grow food in school gardens.
38Number of individuals who begin home food production by starting a vegetable and/or fruit garden, and if also reporting under Urban and Consumer Horticulture Objective, divide up the reported number appropriately between the two objectives to avoid duplication.
21Number of individuals who begin home food production by starting to raise backyard livestock.
15000Number of pounds of fresh produce donated for consumption by vulnerable populations.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Agricultural producers, workers, food handlers and consumers will adopt safer food and agricultural production, handling, and distribution practices that reduce workplace and home injuries/illnesses, enhance food security, and increase the quality and safety of food that North Carolinians prepare and consume.

Value* Outcome Description
51Number of commercial/public operators trained
16Number of pesticide application credit hours provided
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
88Number of participants that have adopted farm safety practices
35700Value of number of non-lost work days
8Number of persons certified in Good Agricultural Practices (GAPs) or Good Handling Practices (GHPs)
12Number of participants developing food safety plans
56000Value of reduced risk of farm and food hazards
9Number of participants implementing ServSafe
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Youth and adults will address community issues and/or challenges through volunteerism.

Value* Outcome Description
40Number of adult participants acquiring the skills needed to serve as a volunteer
20Number of youth participants reporting aspirations to serve in new or expanded volunteer roles in community
35Number of adult participants reporting aspirations to serve in new or expanded volunteer roles in community
53Number of hours adult volunteer training conducted
12Number of hours youth volunteer training conducted
35Number new volunteers recruited
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
242Increased number of hours contributed by trained youth volunteers
3641Increased number of hours contributed by trained adult volunteers
16Number of youth volunteers serving in new or expanded roles within Extension
32Number of adult volunteers serving in new or expanded roles within Extension
21Number of youth volunteers serving in new or expanded roles beyond Extension, including community boards and task forces
21Number of adult volunteers serving in new or expanded roles beyond Extension, including community boards and task forces
9Number of youth volunteers recruiting and/or training new volunteers
7Number of adult volunteers recruiting and/or training new volunteers
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Community members, organizations and local government will engage in collaborative dialog and decision-making to build economically, socially and environmentally resilient communities. This will be done through inclusive engagement, partnership building, and/or community planning.

Parents and caregivers will effectively use recommended parenting, self care practices and community resources.

Value* Outcome Description
14Number of youth and adults increasing knowledge of life skills (such as goal setting, stress management, self-care and healthy relationships)
30Number of adults increasing their knowledge of community resources
38Number of adults and professionals increasing their knowledge of human development over the life course and emerging best practices in parenting and caregiving
38Number of parents and other caregivers of children increasing their knowledge of positive parenting practices (such as communication and discipline)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
45Number of youth and adults using effective life skills (such as goal setting, stress management, self-care and healthy relationships)
11Number of adults increasing their use of identified community resources
18Number of professionals using learned best practices with children/youth/adults/older adults
40Number of parents/other caregivers of children adopting positive parenting practices (such as communication and discipline)
18Number of professionals granted CEUs, certifications, or other work- or volunteer-related credentials
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Futures that Work: School to Career Pathways

Value* Outcome Description
294Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
120Total number of female participants in STEM program
294Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge of career/employability skills
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
2Number of teachers using 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum in their classrooms
16Number of youth (students) gaining knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
16Number of youth (students) gaining career / employability skills
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Youth and adult program participants will make healthy food choices, achieve the recommended amount of physical activity and reduce risk factors for chronic diseases.

Value* Impact Description
15Number of adults increasing their fruit and vegetables consumption
51Number of youth increasing their fruit and vegetable consumption
32Number of participants increasing their physical activity
25Number of participants who consume less sodium in their diet
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

IV. Number of Contacts Made by Extension

Type of ContactNumber
Face-to-face* 14,899
Non face-to-face** 6,617
Total by Extension staff in 2018 21,516
* Face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make directly with individuals through one-on-one visits, meetings, and other activities where staff members work directly with individuals.
** Non face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make indirectly with individuals by telephone, email, newsletters, news articles, radio, television, and other means.

V. Designated Grants Received by Extension

Type of GrantAmount
Contracts/Grants $14,831.00
Gifts/Donations $2,700.00
In-Kind Grants/Donations $1,200.00
United Way/Foundations $0.00
User Fees $4,760.00
Total $23,491.00

VI. Volunteer Involvement in Extension Programs

Number of Volunteers* Number of Volunteer Hours Known client contacts by volunteers Dollar Value at 25.43
4-H: 489 2,458 3,628 $ 62,507.00
Advisory Leadership System: 96 273 619 $ 6,942.00
Extension Community Association: 0 0 0 $ 0.00
Extension Master Gardener: 105 1,199 1,260 $ 30,491.00
Other: 81 162 244 $ 4,120.00
Total: 771 4092 5751 $ 104,060.00
* The number of volunteers reflects the overall number of volunteers for multiple events.

VII. Membership of Advisory Leadership System

Yancey County Extension Advisory Council
Jim Parlier
David Autrey
Nicole Robinson
Jeremy Ballard
Rita Earley

Gwen Harris
Bill Jones
Eloise McIntosh
Terry Peterson
Walter Savage

Susan Ball
Eric Penland
4-H and Youth Committee
Lynne Austin
Allyson Heidenfelder
Chasity Manning
Abbey Varney
Wayne Edwards


Small Farms Committee
Michael Blevins
Josh Blevins
Chris Deyton
Steve Deyton
Keith Hensley
Dillion Carroll
Nicole Robinson
Robin Smith
Ag Advisory Committee
Billy Bryant
Harold Davis
Martin Renfro
Robin Smith



Bill Jones
Bryan Hensley
Roger Young
Jim Evans
Beverly Hill
Jeremy Ballard
Jim Phillips

VIII. Staff Membership

Tres Magner
Title: County Extension Director
Phone: (828) 682-6186
Email: tres_magner@ncsu.edu

Peirce Bingham
Title: Program Coordinator, Mountain Challenge Coordinator
Phone: (828) 682-6186
Email: psbingha@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Programming for At Risk Youth with referrals coming from Juvenile Court, DSS, School Guidance Counselors, and Mental Health providers.

Jessica Dalere
Title: EFNEP Educator
Phone: (828) 682-6186
Email: jadalere@ncsu.edu

April Dillon
Title: Area Extension Agent, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (704) 482-4365
Email: april_dillon@ncsu.edu

Sue Estridge
Title: Area Agent, Family and Consumer Sciences
Phone: (828) 649-2411
Email: sue_estridge@ncsu.edu

Lauren Greene
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Poultry
Phone: (336) 651-7347
Email: lauren_greene@ncsu.edu

Marissa Herchler
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Animal Food Safety (FSMA Programs)
Phone: (919) 515-5396
Email: marissa_herchler@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marissa is an Area Specialized Agent for animal food safety, with emphasis on the new Food Safety Modernization Act rules, as they apply to feed mills in North Carolina. Please contact Marissa with any FSMA related questions, or PCQI training inquiries.

Vivian Hollifield
Title: Administrative Support Specialist/SHIIP Coordinator
Phone: (828) 682-6186
Email: vhhollif@ncsu.edu

Stanley Holloway
Title: Extension Agent, Agriculture
Phone: (828) 682-6187
Email: stanley_holloway@ncsu.edu

Bill Lord
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Water Resources
Phone: (919) 496-3344
Email: william_lord@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Water quality education and technical assistance

Craig Mauney
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Commercial Vegetables and Fruits
Phone: (828) 684-3562
Email: craig_mauney@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides educational opportunities, training and technical support to commercial fruit and vegetable growers, agents, and industry in Western NC.

Adam McCurry
Title: A&T Agriculture Technician
Phone: (828) 682-6186
Email: adam_mccurry@ncsu.edu

Currey Nobles
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9520
Email: canobles@ncsu.edu

Christina Robinson
Title: County Extension Administrative Assistant
Phone: (828) 682-6186
Email: cmrobin3@ncsu.edu

Elena Rogers
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Food Safety - Fresh Produce Western NC
Phone: (828) 352-2519
Email: elena_rogers@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provide educational programs, training and technical support focusing on fresh produce safety to Agents and growers in Western NC.

Linda Semon
Title: 4-H Program Associate
Phone: (828) 682-6186
Email: llsemon@ncat.edu
Brief Job Description: Educating youth ages 5-19 and training/coordinating adult and youth 4-H Volunteers.

Debbie Stroud
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Consumer and Retail Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9149
Email: dlstroud@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Area Specialized Agents in Consumer and Retail Food Safety help to ensure that Family and Consumer Sciences (FCS) Agents have access to timely, evidence-based food safety information. This is accomplished by (1) working with FCS Agents in their counties, (2) developing food safety materials and (3) planning and implementing a NC Safe Plates Food Safety Info Center.

Amanda Taylor
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Nursery and Greenhouse, Western Region
Phone: (828) 475-2915
Email: amanda_jo_taylor@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides programming to commercial nursery and greenhouse producers in Alexander, Alleghany, Ashe, Avery, Buncombe, Burke, Caldwell, Catawba, Cherokee, Clay, Cleveland, Gaston, Graham, Haywood, Henderson, Jackson, Lincoln, Macon, Madison, McDowell, Mitchell, Polk, Rutherford, Swain, Transylvania, Watauga, Wilkes, and Yancey Counties.

Glenna Taylor
Title: JCPC Administrative Assistant
Phone: (828) 682-6186
Email: glenna_taylor@ncsu.edu

Skip Thompson
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Aquaculture
Phone: (828) 456-3575
Email: Skip_Thompson@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provide educational opportunities and technical support to the trout and carp aquaculture industries in 42 counties and the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians (EBCI) in western North Carolina. Fish health, production management, and waste management educational programs will assist trout farmers, fee-fishing pond managers, carp ponds and trout fingerling producers with the management and sustainability of their facilities.

Mitch Woodward
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Watersheds and Water Quality
Phone: (919) 250-1112
Email: mdwoodwa@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: NC Cooperative Extension's Goals include: - NC's natural resources and environmental quality will be protected, conserved and enhanced. - NC will have profitable, environmentally sustainable plant, animal and food systems. Protecting our environmental resources, particularly drinking water quality, is a top priority in NC. NC Cooperative Extension is a leader in teaching, researching, and accelerating the adoption of effective water quality protection practices.

IX. Contact Information

Yancey County Center
30 E US Highway 19E BYP
Burnsville, NC 28714

Phone: (828) 682-6186
Fax: (828) 682-7680
URL: http://yancey.ces.ncsu.edu