2017 Caldwell County Program Impact Report

Approved: January 30, 2018

I. Executive Summary

The Caldwell County Cooperative Extension staff, its volunteers, and advisory leaders are proud to provide researched based information, educational programs, and on-farm demonstrations for the citizens of Caldwell County and the foothills region of North Carolina. During 2017, the Caldwell Extension Center assisted 3,796 citizens through educational programs and face to face contacts. Beyond face to face contact, educational outreach was also provided through monthly radio programs with WJRI, monthly television programs broadcast on cable Channel 190, a gardening column publish weekly in the NewsTopic, as well as outreach through the county website and social media. The results of this outreach effort are a value to farmers, agricultural businesses, green industry professionals, and homeowners through our regional agricultural education/program efforts.

In 2017, Caldwell County Cooperative Extension helped three new greenhouse growers learn the skills necessary to create a successful farm and local food business. Area nurseries and landscapers were trained in integrated pest management practices, which helps to reduce pesticide use and increase profits. Extension outreach also aided local gardeners in growing food in a smarter, more sustainable way.

4-H Youth development focuses on nurturing our next generation. This is accomplished through summer day camping experiences, 4-H Clubs, and school enrichment programs. This year the embryology school enrichment program expanded to 12 classrooms in the county. The embryology project provides teachers with an incubator, fertile chicken eggs, and training to be able to have a successful hatch. Teachers tie this project back to their science curriculum requirements for the year.

Through efforts of our Food and Nutrition program, over 200 third graders learned about healthy eating in a 9 week structured program. The youth sampled foods and learned to read food labels. All this helps them learn healthy habits that will be with them for their entire lives.

Research and demonstration trials are essential activities for county extension agents to assist cutting edge clients. This year Caldwell Extension Center staff were involved with a rhubarb on-farm research trial. The trial was to examine the feasibility of growing rhubarb as an annual. This would be similar to how strawberries are grown. This trial is being conducted with other county agents and assistance from State Extension Specialists. In addition there were several trials at the Unity Park and Community Garden. These trials included garlic, sweet potato, cover crops, ginger, and turmeric.

It is through these efforts and many more that the Caldwell Extension Center helped produce positive changes in agricultural businesses, natural resources, and families in 2017.

II. County Background

Caldwell County North Carolina is located in the foothills of the Blue Ridge Mountains. The 2013 county population estimate is 81,990. Caldwell County has the greatest elevation range (900 to 5,964 feet above sea level) of any county in North Carolina. There are seven incorporated municipalities in the county: Lenoir, Granite Falls, Hudson, Cajah Mountain, Gamewell, Sawmills, and Cedar Rock.

Caldwell County ranks 81 in North Carolina for total cash receipts from agriculture. This totals $23 million in agricultural income. The Green Industry accounts for over 60% of the agricultural income in Caldwell County.

The Caldwell County Extension Center is committed to developing and delivering research, education, and demonstration programs that will improve the lives and prosperity of the people of Caldwell County. Over the past year, the Caldwell County Extension Center, and its Advisory Councils, have been involved in identifying the needs of the citizens of Caldwell County. By networking and partnering with volunteers, from both the private and the professional sectors, the Center has identified county needs through the use of surveys and personal interviews. These needs have been filtered through the programming areas of Agriculture, Food, and 4-H Youth to create a plan of work targeted at addressing these identified needs. We believe through this dynamic process, we can provide the greatest service to the people of Caldwell County and make the best use of the resources entrusted to us.

Through this process we have developed the 2016 primary program objectives for the Caldwell Extension Center:

1) Local Food Systems
2) Profitable and Sustainable Ag. Systems
3) Urban and Consumer Agriculture
4) Leadership Development
5) School to Career

Educational programs within this document focus on these issues and match statewide objectives designed to accomplish three strategic priorities:

To strengthen the economy through profitable, sustainable and safe food, forest and green industry systems.

To protect the environment and natural resources.

To empower youth and families to lead healthier lives and become community leaders.

III. Objectives to Address the Cooperative Extension Long Range Plan

North Carolina's plant production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.

Value* Outcome Description
20Number of crop (all plant systems) producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
2Number of Extension initiated and controlled County demonstration test sites (new required for GLF/PSI reporting)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
8Number of crop (all plant systems) producers adopting best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
12700Net income gains realized by the adoption of best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
1Number of producers reporting increased dollar returns per acre or reduced costs per acre
1Number of producers reporting reduction in fertilizer used per acre
1001Number of acres in conservation tillage or other Best Management Practice
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

North Carolina's animal production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.

Value* Outcome Description
13Number of animal producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
4Number of animal producers adopting Extension-recommended best management practices, including those practices related to husbandry, improved planning, marketing, and financial practices
1500Tons of livestock organic by-products utilized (nutrients from waste, compost, etc)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Producers will increase sales of food locally to more agriculturally aware consumers through market development, producer and consumer education, and new farmer and infrastructure support.

Value* Outcome Description
69Number of producers who gain skills or knowledge to increase production for local markets.
32Number of adults (including producers, food business owners, etc.) who improved knowledge of local food and agricultural systems.
514Number of children/youth who improved knowledge of local food and agricultural systems.
149Number of individuals who gain knowledge or acquire skills related to vegetable/fruit gardening, and if also reporting under Urban and Consumer Agriculture Objective, divide up the reported number appropriately between the two objectives to avoid duplication.
28Number of producers who improve local food marketing skills or knowledge.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
4Number of new and existing access points for consumers that expand or improve their offering of local fruits and vegetables. Access points include farmers markets, retail stores, school food programs, community gardens, institutions other than schools (e.g. hospitals, universities, etc.), and other systems/access points not noted (e.g. restaurants, etc.).
28Number of producers selling their agricultural products to local markets (direct, intermediated/food service, institutional) for consumption in NC.
4000Gross sales of local foods by producers. (Increase in gross sales to be calculated at the state level.)
4Number of producers (and other members of the local food supply chain) who have increased revenue.
2Number of new farms (beginning farmers) selling into local markets for local consumption (in this reporting period).
1Number of new local food value chain businesses, other than farms (in this reporting period).
4Number of individuals who grow food in community gardens.
18Number of pounds of local foods donated for consumption by vulnerable populations.
40Number of youth who grow food in school gardens.
55Number of individuals who begin home food production by starting a vegetable and/or fruit garden, and if also reporting under Urban and Consumer Horticulture Objective, divide up the reported number appropriately between the two objectives to avoid duplication.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Agricultural producers, workers, food handlers and consumers will adopt safer food and agricultural production, handling, and distribution practices that reduce workplace and home injuries/illnesses, enhance food security, and increase the quality and safety of food that North Carolinians prepare and consume.

Individuals and groups will acquire leadership and decision making capacities needed to guide and actively participate in local and state organizations.

Value* Outcome Description
20Number of youth increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
4Number of youth assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
20Number of youth increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
4Number of youth assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Youth and adults will address community issues and/or challenges through volunteerism.

Value* Outcome Description
6Number of adult participants acquiring the skills needed to serve as a volunteer
10Number of youth participants reporting aspirations to serve in new or expanded volunteer roles in community
10Number of adult participants reporting aspirations to serve in new or expanded volunteer roles in community
6Number of hours adult volunteer training conducted
6Number of hours youth volunteer training conducted
6Number new volunteers recruited
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
10Increased number of hours contributed by trained youth volunteers
20Increased number of hours contributed by trained adult volunteers
10Number of youth volunteers serving in new or expanded roles within Extension
5Number of adult volunteers serving in new or expanded roles within Extension
5Number of youth volunteers serving in new or expanded roles beyond Extension, including community boards and task forces
4Number of adult volunteers serving in new or expanded roles beyond Extension, including community boards and task forces
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Futures that Work: School to Career Pathways

Value* Outcome Description
12Number of teachers trained in 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum
438Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
226Total number of female participants in STEM program
16Number of high school age youth (students) participating as members of 4-H clubs
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
12Number of teachers using 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum in their classrooms
438Number of youth (students) gaining knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
63Number of youth (students) gaining career / employability skills
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Consumers and communities will enhance the value of plants, animals, and landscapes while conserving valuable natural resources and protecting the environment.

Value* Outcome Description
101Number of participants improving knowledge, attitude, skills and aspirations regarding gardening and landscape practices including plant selection and placement, turfgrass management, soil management, growing food, water conservation and water quality preservation, storm water and erosion management, green waste management, pest and wildlife management
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
74Number of participants who use extension-recommended best management practices in landscapes, turf, and gardens, including pest (insect, weed, disease) management, fertility management, water conservation, water quality preservation and pruning techniques
3Number of participants who use extension-recommended pest management practices in homes, public facilities, businesses or in community pest management programs
3Number of participants selecting appropriate landscape plants (adapted, drought tolerant, appropriate size, etc.)
18Number of participants growing food for home consumption
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Youth and adult program participants will make healthy food choices, achieve the recommended amount of physical activity and reduce risk factors for chronic diseases.

Value* Impact Description
112Number of adults increasing their fruit and vegetables consumption
115Number of youth increasing their fruit and vegetable consumption
239Number of participants increasing their physical activity
18Number of participants who consume less sodium in their diet
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

IV. Number of Contacts Made by Extension

Type of ContactNumber
Face-to-face* 3,796
Non face-to-face** 3,151
Total by Extension staff in 2017 6,947
* Face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make directly with individuals through one-on-one visits, meetings, and other activities where staff members work directly with individuals.
** Non face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make indirectly with individuals by telephone, email, newsletters, news articles, radio, television, and other means.

V. Designated Grants Received by Extension

Type of GrantAmount
Contracts/Grants $15,000.00
Gifts/Donations $875.00
In-Kind Grants/Donations $0.00
United Way/Foundations $0.00
User Fees $0.00
Total $15,875.00

VI. Volunteer Involvement in Extension Programs

Number of Volunteers* Number of Volunteer Hours Known client contacts by volunteers Dollar Value at 24.69
4-H: 213 1,160 1,102 $ 28,640.00
Advisory Leadership System: 0 0 0 $ 0.00
Extension Community Association: 0 0 0 $ 0.00
Extension Master Gardener: 22 1,020 546 $ 25,184.00
Other: 30 146 84 $ 3,605.00
Total: 265 2326 1732 $ 57,429.00
* The number of volunteers reflects the overall number of volunteers for multiple events.

VII. Membership of Advisory Leadership System

Livestock Committee
Jack Adams
John Cassavaugh
Ronnie Holman
Jim Munday
Bryan Reid
Dewey Reid
Lee Vines
Phillip Wike
Michael Willis
4-H and Youth Development Committee
Jeffery Joyce
Steve Smith
Larry Staples
Pam Steuer
Urban Horticulture Committee
Paul Derelia
Jane Duralia
Allen Caldwell
Charles Beck
Lee Cox
Marsha Holden
County Advisory Council
Libby Brown
Jane Chandler
Lee Cox
Dr. John Dockery
Toney Helton
Ronnie Holman
Pete Kidder
Wesley Looper
Kim Siddons
Gerald Sprinkle

VIII. Staff Membership

Seth Nagy
Title: County Extension Director
Phone: (828) 757-1290
Email: seth_nagy@ncsu.edu

Brent Buchanan
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Dairy
Phone: (315) 212-1277
Email: babuchan@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Dairy Extension Programming in Western North Carolina Counties of Haywood, Madison, Buncombe, Transylvania, Henderson, Yancey, McDowell, Polk, Rutherford, Mitchell, Avery, Burke, Cleveland, Watauga, Caldwell, Catawba, Lincoln, Gaston, Ashe, Wilkes, Alexander, Iredell, Alleghany, Surry, Yadkin, and Davie.

Diana Ford
Title: Receptionist
Phone: (828) 757-1290
Email: diana_ford@ncsu.edu

Lauren Greene
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Poultry
Phone: (336) 651-7347
Email: lauren_greene@ncsu.edu

Marissa Herchler
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Animal Food Safety (FSMA Programs)
Phone: (919) 515-5396
Email: marissa_herchler@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marissa is an Area Specialized Agent for animal food safety, with emphasis on the new Food Safety Modernization Act rules, as they apply to feed mills in North Carolina. Please contact Marissa with any FSMA related questions, or PCQI training inquiries.

Virginia Lopez
Title: Nutrition Educator, SNAP-Ed
Phone: (828) 764-9480
Email: virginia_lopez@ncsu.edu

Bill Lord
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Water Resources
Phone: (919) 496-3344
Email: william_lord@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Water quality education and technical assistance

Tina Lovejoy
Title: County Extension Administrative Assistant
Phone: (828) 757-1290
Email: tina_lovejoy@ncsu.edu

Margie Mansure
Title: Extension Agent, Family and Consumer Sciences - Nutrition and Foods
Phone: (828) 264-3061
Email: margie_mansure@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Teach children and general public good nutrition and health practices through a variety of methods, including cooking skill development, gardening and food preservation. Promote consumption of locally grown food by working with many community partners.

Craig Mauney
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Commercial Vegetables & Fruits
Phone: (828) 684-3562
Email: craig_mauney@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides educational opportunities, training and technical support to commercial fruit and vegetable growers, agents, and industry in Western NC.

Currey Nobles
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9520
Email: canobles@ncsu.edu

Elena Rogers
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Food Safety - Fresh Produce Western NC
Phone: (828) 352-2519
Email: elena_rogers@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provide educational programs, training and technical support focusing on fresh produce safety to Agents and growers in Western NC.

Eli Snyder
Title: Extension Agent, Agriculture - Commercial and Consumer Hort.
Phone: (828) 757-1290
Email: elina_snyder@ncsu.edu

Debbie Stroud
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Consumer and Retail Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9149
Email: dlstroud@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Area Specialized Agents in Consumer and Retail Food Safety help to ensure that Family and Consumer Sciences (FCS) Agents have access to timely, evidence-based food safety information. This is accomplished by (1) working with FCS Agents in their counties, (2) developing food safety materials and (3) planning and implementing a NC Safe Plates Food Safety Info Center.

Amanda Taylor
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Nursery and Greenhouse, Western Region
Phone: (828) 475-2915
Email: amanda_jo_taylor@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides programming to commercial nursery and greenhouse producers in Alexander, Alleghany, Ashe, Avery, Buncombe, Burke, Caldwell, Catawba, Cherokee, Clay, Cleveland, Gaston, Graham, Haywood, Henderson, Jackson, Lincoln, Macon, Madison, McDowell, Mitchell, Polk, Rutherford, Swain, Transylvania, Watauga, Wilkes, and Yancey Counties.

Mitch Woodward
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Watersheds and Water Quality
Phone: (919) 250-1112
Email: mdwoodwa@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: NC Cooperative Extension's Goals include: - NC's natural resources and environmental quality will be protected, conserved and enhanced. - NC will have profitable, environmentally sustainable plant, animal and food systems. Protecting our environmental resources, particularly drinking water quality, is a top priority in NC. NC Cooperative Extension is a leader in teaching, researching, and accelerating the adoption of effective water quality protection practices.

IX. Contact Information

Caldwell County Center
120 Hospital Ave NE
Suite 1
Lenoir, NC 28645

Phone: (828) 757-1290
Fax: (828) 757-1251
URL: http://caldwell.ces.ncsu.edu