2018 Caswell County Program Impact Report

Approved: February 17, 2019

I. Executive Summary

Caswell County is a uniquely scenic and historic Piedmont North Carolina county with a total population of 23,719 people (2010 U.S. Census Data estimates). With careful and immediate planning, these irreplaceable qualities may be preserved for future generations to be able to enjoy and reap the social, economic and cultural benefits such assets can provide. From the courthouse square to the reconditioned tobacco barn, the county has many rich architectural styles that if preserved will enhance the residents as well as visitors lifestyle. Caswell County will never have a tremendous amount of industrial growth because the county is the bedroom county to Chapel Hill, Burlington, Greensboro, Raleigh and Danville, Virginia industrial growth areas

Caswell County is positioned to be an agricultural mecca for more than one million people. A combination of good soils, farming tradition, a lack of development pressure and close proximity to urban areas in North Carolina and Virginia are components that are already in place for agricultural economic success. In 2007, there were 562 farms covering 102,299 acres or 38 percent of the land in Caswell County. Farming as a whole generates $27 million of income while forestry generates another $4 million. Those $31 million change hands many times in the local economy before leaving the county. In the past decade, there have already been a number of farmers who have tapped into new and profitable markets with grass-fed beef, organic produce, heritage varieties and locally grown herbs, which offer marketing opportunities outside the county. Other farmers have started dedicating more of their land to raising trees. Tobacco production had been the major income source for the county in the past years which has changed drastically because of the tobacco buyout program, company contracting changes, and retiring tobacco farmers in the past ten years. The tobacco production emphasis has been refocused toward the establishment of a new winery, greenhouse production for vegetables and nursery crops, strawberry production, contracting chicken breeder operations, increase in cattle production, forestry management, agri-tourism, adding value to agricultural products, and other alternatives to tobacco production.

Programming in youth development and family consumer sciences are still major areas that need attention in serving Caswell County citizens. With poverty rates (2008 SRDC estimate of 17.8 percent) and unemployment rates (2008 SRDC estimate of at least 8.1 percent) being at an all time high; during these economic tough times managing family finances, adopting proper and healthy eating habits, and focusing on youth development to reduce high school drop out rates will become more challenging.

In 2018, a total of 55,051 people attended a class, visited the Caswell Cooperative Extension Office or received services from an extension professional. Additional fiscal resources were raised to enhance the educational program amounting to $26,295 in 2018. 201 Volunteers provided service hours to the Cooperative Extension Program that was worth $10,691.

Caswell County citizens taking part in Family Financial Management included 37 people who are now able to implement basic financial management strategies. 301 adults and 68 youth increased their consumption of fruits and vegetables in 2018 by participating in Family and Consumer Sciences Programs. Adults lowered their blood glucose levels (39) and reduced total cholesterol (32) by learning better eating habits.

In the livestock program 310 producers adopted Extension-recommended best management practices related to husbandry, improved planning, marketing and financial practices. 9 producers maintained or gained their waste management certifications. 415 crop producers adopted Extension -recommended best management practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management, business management and marketing.

In the 4-H Youth Development Program 592 youth increased knowledge in STEW (Science, Technology, Engineering and Math). 560 youth increased knowledge of careers and employability skills through the program. In addition, 73 teachers used 4-H STEM materials in their classroom in 2018.

II. County Background

Caswell County is a uniquely scenic and historic Piedmont North Carolina county with a total population of 23,719 people (2010 U.S. Census Data estimates). With careful and immediate planning, these irreplaceable qualities may be preserved for future generations to be able to enjoy and reap the social, economic and cultural benefits such assets can provide. From the courthouse square to the reconditioned tobacco barn, the county has many rich architectural styles that if preserved will enhance the residents as well as visitors lifestyle. Caswell County will never have a tremendous amount of industrial growth because the county is the bedroom county to Chapel Hill, Burlington, Greensboro, Raleigh and Danville, Virginia industrial growth areas.

Caswell County is positioned to be an agricultural mecca for more than one million people. A combination of good soils, farming tradition, a lack of development pressure and close proximity to urban areas in North Carolina and Virginia are components that are already in place for agricultural economic success. In 2007, there were 562 farms covering 102,299 acres or 38 percent of the land in Caswell County. Farming as a whole generates $27 million of income while forestry generates another $4 million. Those $31 million change hands many times in the local economy before leaving the county. In the past decade, there have already been a number of farmers who have tapped into new and profitable markets with grass-fed beef, organic produce, heritage varieties and locally grown herbs, which offer marketing opportunities outside the county. Other farmers have started dedicating more of their land to raising trees. Tobacco production had been the major income source for the county in the past years which has changed drastically because of the tobacco buyout program, company contracting changes, and retiring tobacco farmers in the past ten years. The tobacco production emphasis has been refocused toward the establishment of a new winery, greenhouse production for vegetables and nursery crops, strawberry production, contracting chicken breeder operations, increase in cattle production, forestry management, agri-tourism, adding value to agricultural products, and other alternatives to tobacco production.

Programming in youth development and family consumer sciences are still major areas that need attention in serving Caswell County citizens. With poverty rates (2008 SRDC estimate of 17.8 percent) and unemployment rates (2008 SRDC estimate of at least 8.1 percent) being at an all time high; during these economic tough times managing family finances, adopting proper and healthy eating habits, and focusing on youth development to reduce high school drop out rates will become more challenging.

An environmental scan was conducted by the Caswell County Cooperative Extension Staff and the local Extension Advisory Council members which were involved in environmental scan surveys, local Extension Advisory meetings, and personal face-to-face interviews with citizens of Caswell County and program area panelists. As a result of the discussions by Local Extension Advisory and Commodity meetings, certain issues and trends for the county were identified. The educational needs identified were as follows: 1) Increasing economic opportunity and business development, 2) Improving health and nutrition, 3) Youth development, 4) Increasing awareness in environmental stewardship, 5) Improving the agricultural and food supply system in North Carolina, and 6) Increasing educational achievement and excellence. The Caswell County Cooperative Extension Center along with other key leaders and stakeholders are constantly identifying current issues, trends, and needs of our citizens. Three listening sessions were held across the county to get feedback on economic development for the Caswell County Comprehensive Plan. The number one recommendation from these discussion groups was for Caswell County to develop an Agriculture Complex Center that will encompass several agriculture economic development projects which will promote agriculture and profitability for future years. The North Carolina Cooperative Extension Caswell County Center will play a major educational programming role in satisfying these needs of the citizens of the county.

III. Objectives to Address the Cooperative Extension Long Range Plan

North Carolina's plant production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.

Value* Outcome Description
405Number of crop (all plant systems) producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
415Number of crop (all plant systems) producers adopting best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
575000Net income gains realized by the adoption of best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
151Number of producers reporting increased dollar returns per acre or reduced costs per acre
43Number of producers reporting reduction in fertilizer used per acre
24500Number of acres in conservation tillage or other Best Management Practice
15025Tons of feedstock delivered to processor
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

North Carolina's animal production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.

Value* Outcome Description
325Number of animal producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
310Number of animal producers adopting Extension-recommended best management practices, including those practices related to husbandry, improved planning, marketing, and financial practices
657500Net income gains by producers adopting Extension-recommended best management practices, including those practices related to husbandry, improved planning, marketing, and financial practices
14Number of animal producers implementing Extension-recommended best management practices for animal waste management
4500Tons of livestock organic by-products utilized (nutrients from waste, compost, etc)
30000Net income gain by using livestock organic by-products instead of synthetic fertilizers
9Number of waste management certifications gained or maintained due to Extension education efforts
625Number of acres where Extension-recommended waste analysis was used for proper land application
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Producers will increase sales of food locally to more agriculturally aware consumers through market development, producer and consumer education, and new farmer and infrastructure support.

Agricultural producers, workers, food handlers and consumers will adopt safer food and agricultural production, handling, and distribution practices that reduce workplace and home injuries/illnesses, enhance food security, and increase the quality and safety of food that North Carolinians prepare and consume.

Value* Outcome Description
21Number of participants trained in safe home food handling, preservation, or preparation practices
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Individuals and groups will acquire leadership and decision making capacities needed to guide and actively participate in local and state organizations.

Value* Outcome Description
5Number of adults increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
2Number of adults assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
41Number of youth increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
5Number of adults increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
2Number of adults assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
41Number of youth increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Youth and adults will address community issues and/or challenges through volunteerism.

Value* Outcome Description
21Number of adult participants acquiring the skills needed to serve as a volunteer
3Number of adult participants reporting aspirations to serve in new or expanded volunteer roles in community
2Number of hours adult volunteer training conducted
2Number new volunteers recruited
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
9Increased number of hours contributed by trained adult volunteers
1Number of adult volunteers serving in new or expanded roles within Extension
1Number of adult volunteers serving in new or expanded roles beyond Extension, including community boards and task forces
3Number of adult volunteers recruiting and/or training new volunteers
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Adults and youth will apply financial management practices to increase their economic security, which include to: meet basic necessities, increase savings, reduce debt, and build long-term assets.

Value* Outcome Description
37Number of people gaining basic financial management knowledge and/or skills (such as; budgeting, record keeping, goal setting, writing goals, consumer decision-making)
58Number of people gaining knowledge and/or skills to increase family economic security (such as; how to access: SNAP benefits, SHIIP Medicare Part D; food cost management, cost comparison skills, shop for reverse mortgages, select long term care insurance, etc.)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
37Number of people implementing basic financial management strategies (such as; developing a budget, keeping records, etc.)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Futures that Work: School to Career Pathways

Value* Outcome Description
62Number of teachers trained in 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum
593Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
286Total number of female participants in STEM program
10Number of high school age youth (students) participating as members of 4-H clubs
560Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge of career/employability skills
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
73Number of teachers using 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum in their classrooms
632Number of youth (students) gaining knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
245Number of youth (students) gaining career / employability skills
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Youth and adult program participants will make healthy food choices, achieve the recommended amount of physical activity and reduce risk factors for chronic diseases.

Value* Impact Description
301Number of adults increasing their fruit and vegetables consumption
68Number of youth increasing their fruit and vegetable consumption
80Number of participants increasing their physical activity
42Number of participants reducing their BMI
23Number of adults who reduce their blood pressure
39Number of adults who improve their blood glucose (A1c.)level
32Number of adults who reduce their total cholesterol
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

IV. Number of Contacts Made by Extension

Type of ContactNumber
Face-to-face* 15,022
Non face-to-face** 55,051
Total by Extension staff in 2018 70,073
* Face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make directly with individuals through one-on-one visits, meetings, and other activities where staff members work directly with individuals.
** Non face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make indirectly with individuals by telephone, email, newsletters, news articles, radio, television, and other means.

V. Designated Grants Received by Extension

Type of GrantAmount
Contracts/Grants $0.00
Gifts/Donations $7,710.00
In-Kind Grants/Donations $12,000.00
United Way/Foundations $1,725.00
User Fees $4,860.00
Total $26,295.00

VI. Volunteer Involvement in Extension Programs

Number of Volunteers* Number of Volunteer Hours Known client contacts by volunteers Dollar Value at 25.43
4-H: 78 196 676 $ 4,984.00
Advisory Leadership System: 0 0 0 $ 0.00
Extension Community Association: 123 237 556 $ 6,027.00
Extension Master Gardener: 0 0 0 $ 0.00
Other: 0 0 0 $ 0.00
Total: 201 433 1232 $ 11,011.00
* The number of volunteers reflects the overall number of volunteers for multiple events.

VII. Membership of Advisory Leadership System

Caswell County Extension Advisory Council
Thomas Bernard
Marc Thomas
Mac Baldwin
Sam Crisp
Helen Crisp
Ervin Farmer
Teresa Dabbs
Hester Vernon
Yancey Smith
Julie Muhlverger
Joan Griffin
Elizabeth Rosario
Mark Davis
Shirley Deal
Michael Graves
Ronnie Lunsford
Randy Massey
Leon Richmond
Commissioner David Owen
Leon Wiley
Tammy Carter
Family and Consumer Science Program Area Advisory Council
Kim Mimms
Sandra Hudspeth
Carolyn Aldridge
Jeannine Everridge
Joan Griffin
Tammy Carter
4-H Program Area Advisory Council
Jennifer Hammock
Jennifer Eastwood
Leon Wiley
Brenda Walters
Robert Neal
Faye Asad
Mitch Thompson
Bryan Singleton
Sherri Brandon
Deborah Rudd
Trish Howard
Agriculture Program Area Advisory Council
Cheryl Pryor
Tonya Pennix
Keith Vernon
Thomas Bernard
V Mac Baldwin
Sam Crisp
Julie Muhlverger
Karen Graves
Rodney Young
Tim Yarbrough
Leon Richmond
Jeremiah Jefferies
Tommy Austin, Jr.
Phil Barfield
Celcia Spilman
Elizabeth Rosario

VIII. Staff Membership

Travis Hoesli
Title: County Extension Director
Phone: (336) 694-4158
Email: tlhoesli@ncsu.edu

Brandi Boaz
Title: Extension Agent, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (336) 694-4158
Email: brandi_boaz@ncsu.edu

Daniel Campeau
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Poultry
Phone: (919) 542-8202
Email: dan_campeau@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Work mainly with Commercial Poultry industry. I also work with small scale poultry production. Service area is now the North Central District from Guilford to Halifax with the southern edge being Chatham and Wake county respectively.

Clint Carty
Title: Extension Agent - Livestock
Phone: (336) 694-4158
Email: clcarty2@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: To provide leadership for the development, implementation and evaluation of an effective educational program and informational assistance to meet the needs of the county youth and adult populations in the following areas of responsibility; Agriculture/Livestock, to include but not limited to swine, equine, cattle, goats and sheep. A successful Extension Agent must demonstrate an ability and enthusiasm for serving audiences of diverse cultural and economic backgrounds.

Marti Day
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Dairy
Phone: (919) 542-8202
Email: marti_day@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Responsible for educational programs for dairy farmers, youth with an interest in dairy projects and the general public with an interest in dairy foods and the dairy industry.

Erin Eure
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Commercial Fruits and Vegetables
Phone: (252) 357-1400
Email: erin_eure@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides educational opportunities and technical support to commercial fruit and vegetable growers, agents, and industry in northeastern NC.

Marissa Herchler
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Animal Food Safety (FSMA Programs)
Phone: (919) 515-5396
Email: marissa_herchler@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marissa is an Area Specialized Agent for animal food safety, with emphasis on the new Food Safety Modernization Act rules, as they apply to feed mills in North Carolina. Please contact Marissa with any FSMA related questions, or PCQI training inquiries.

Lynette Johnston
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-0303
Email: lynette_johnston@ncsu.edu

Stacey Jones
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Commercial Nursery and Greenhouse
Phone: (704) 920-3310
Email: stacey_jones@ncsu.edu

Peggie Lewis Joyce
Title: Area 4-H Agent - Central Region
Phone: (336) 242-2080
Email: peggie_lewis@ncsu.edu

Mike Lanier
Title: Area Agent, Agribusiness
Phone: (919) 245-2063
Email: mike_lanier@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Agricultural Economic Development Local Foods Coordinator

Bill Lord
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Water Resources
Phone: (919) 496-3344
Email: william_lord@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Water quality education and technical assistance

Casie Medley
Title: Office Support Receptionist
Phone: (336) 694-4158
Email: casie_medley@ncsu.edu

Daniel Ostrowski
Title: Extension Agent, Agriculture/Horticulture
Phone: (336) 694-4158
Email: drostrow@ncsu.edu

Sonya Patterson
Title: Extension Agent, Family and Consumer Sciences
Phone: (336) 694-4158
Email: sonya_patterson@ncsu.edu

Chip Simmons
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Food Safety
Phone: (919) 414-5632
Email: odsimmon@ncsu.edu

Angie Talbott
Title: County Extension Administrative Assistant
Phone: (336) 694-4158
Email: angie_talbott@ncsu.edu

Mitch Woodward
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Watersheds and Water Quality
Phone: (919) 250-1112
Email: mdwoodwa@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: NC Cooperative Extension's Goals include: - NC's natural resources and environmental quality will be protected, conserved and enhanced. - NC will have profitable, environmentally sustainable plant, animal and food systems. Protecting our environmental resources, particularly drinking water quality, is a top priority in NC. NC Cooperative Extension is a leader in teaching, researching, and accelerating the adoption of effective water quality protection practices.

IX. Contact Information

Caswell County Center
126 Court Sq
Agriculture Building
Yanceyville, NC 27379

Phone: (336) 694-4158
Fax: (336) 694-5930
URL: http://caswell.ces.ncsu.edu