2019 Caswell County Program Impact Report

Approved: January 24, 2020

I. Executive Summary

Caswell County is a uniquely scenic and historic Piedmont North Carolina County with a total population of 23,719 people (2010 U.S. Census Data estimates). With careful and immediate planning, these irreplaceable qualities may be preserved for future generations to be able to enjoy and reap the social, economic and cultural benefits such assets can provide. From the courthouse square to the reconditioned tobacco barn, the county has many rich architectural styles that if preserved will enhance the residents as well as visitor’s lifestyle. Caswell County will never have a tremendous amount of industrial growth because the county is the bedroom county to Chapel Hill, Burlington, Greensboro, Raleigh and Danville, Virginia industrial growth areas

Caswell County is positioned to be an agricultural product mecca for more than one million people. A combination of good soils, farming tradition, a lack of development pressure and close proximity to urban areas in North Carolina and Virginia are components that are already in place for agricultural economic success. In 2017, there were 493 farms covering 104,882 acres or 38 percent of the land in Caswell County. Farming as a whole generates $37 million of gross income. That $37 million change hands many times in the local economy before leaving the county. In the past decade, there have already been a number of farmers who have tapped into new and profitable markets with grass-fed beef, produce production in organic practices, heritage varieties and locally grown herbs, which offer marketing opportunities outside the county. Other farmers have started dedicating more of their land alternatives to Tobacco. Tobacco production had been the major income source for the county in the past years which has changed drastically because of the tobacco buyout program, company contracting changes, and retiring tobacco farmers in the past ten years. The tobacco production emphasis has been refocused toward the establishment of a new winery, greenhouse production for vegetables and nursery crops, strawberry production, contracting chicken breeder operations, increase in cattle production, forestry management, agri-tourism, adding value to agricultural products, and other alternatives to tobacco production.

Programming in youth development and family consumer sciences are still major areas that need attention in serving Caswell County citizens. With poverty rates (2008 SRDC estimate of 17.8 percent) and unemployment rates (2008 SRDC estimate of at least 8.1 percent) being at an all-time high; during these economic tough times managing family finances, adopting proper and healthy eating habits, and focusing on youth development to reduce high school dropout rates will become more challenging.

In 2019, a total of 55,051 people attended a class, visited the Caswell Cooperative Extension Office or received services from an extension professional. Additional fiscal resources were raised to enhance the educational program amounting to $12,708 in 2019. 125 Volunteers provided service hours to the Cooperative Extension Program that was worth $3,814.

In the livestock program implemented a holistic training program that focused the management of forages with in the beef cattle production cycle. Primary focus was given to soil management for good forage production and management. Over 40 producers submitted 125 soil samples through the extension office for analysis after receiving information on proper soil sampling. One producer stated that “he learned he is sampling ant improper depth and would make the change that could have a financial impact on his fertilizer purchases.”

With obesity and high rate of diabetes in Caswell County the food and nutrition program implemented a “Steps to Health Program with cooperation from local school district. The program focused on healthy nutrition and activities for elementary students. There was a total of 73 students reached resulting in 555 educational contacts. Based on the teacher feedback forms from both schools, 100% of classroom teachers observed changes in their student’s behavior, and one school committed to making changes in their policy, systems and environment (PSE). Based on parent feedback forms, 67% of parents observed their children eating more fruits and vegetables, drinking fewer sodas, and trying new foods. Parents feedback forms also showed 78% of their children reading nutrition labels and 100% observed their child playing outside more often. A parent commented "This was an excellent program and it motivated our entire family to make healthier choices". A teacher commented "Students have started bringing their water bottles to school to stay hydrated all day" Small steps lead to big outcomes!


In the 4-H Youth Development Program the Extension Staff has focused on developing leadership skills in youth. Starting in 18-19 school year and continuing in the 19-20 school year they implemented a 4th and 5th grade student ambassador program in local elementary schools that focused on peer pressure, resolving conflict and coping skills. During a recent visit, the school counselor informed staff that she had a 2nd-year ambassador in a difficult situation. Ms. Issac's, school counselor, sat down to work with the student when the little girl said, "I remember what Mrs. Brandi said about coping with an issue in our ambassadors’ class." The student went through one of the stress relievers and worked through her problem on her own. Why does it matter? Because giving youth the information and skills they need to cope with life now will give them the self-confidence to become great citizens/leaders in our community in the future.

II. County Background

Caswell County is a uniquely scenic and historic Piedmont North Carolina county with a total population of 23,719 people (2010 U.S. Census Data estimates). With careful and immediate planning, these irreplaceable qualities may be preserved for future generations to be able to enjoy and reap the social, economic and cultural benefits such assets can provide. From the courthouse square to the reconditioned tobacco barn, the county has many rich architectural styles that if preserved will enhance the residents as well as visitors lifestyle. Caswell County will never have a tremendous amount of industrial growth because the county is the bedroom county to Chapel Hill, Burlington, Greensboro, Raleigh and Danville, Virginia industrial growth areas.

Caswell County is positioned to be an agricultural mecca for more than one million people. A combination of good soils, farming tradition, a lack of development pressure and close proximity to urban areas in North Carolina and Virginia are components that are already in place for agricultural economic success. In 2007, there were 562 farms covering 102,299 acres or 38 percent of the land in Caswell County. Farming as a whole generates $27 million of income while forestry generates another $4 million. Those $31 million change hands many times in the local economy before leaving the county. In the past decade, there have already been a number of farmers who have tapped into new and profitable markets with grass-fed beef, organic produce, heritage varieties and locally grown herbs, which offer marketing opportunities outside the county. Other farmers have started dedicating more of their land to raising trees. Tobacco production had been the major income source for the county in the past years which has changed drastically because of the tobacco buyout program, company contracting changes, and retiring tobacco farmers in the past ten years. The tobacco production emphasis has been refocused toward the establishment of a new winery, greenhouse production for vegetables and nursery crops, strawberry production, contracting chicken breeder operations, increase in cattle production, forestry management, agri-tourism, adding value to agricultural products, and other alternatives to tobacco production.

Programming in youth development and family consumer sciences are still major areas that need attention in serving Caswell County citizens. With poverty rates (2008 SRDC estimate of 17.8 percent) and unemployment rates (2008 SRDC estimate of at least 8.1 percent) being at an all time high; during these economic tough times managing family finances, adopting proper and healthy eating habits, and focusing on youth development to reduce high school drop out rates will become more challenging.

An environmental scan was conducted by the Caswell County Cooperative Extension Staff and the local Extension Advisory Council members which were involved in environmental scan surveys, local Extension Advisory meetings, and personal face-to-face interviews with citizens of Caswell County and program area panelists. As a result of the discussions by Local Extension Advisory and Commodity meetings, certain issues and trends for the county were identified. The educational needs identified were as follows: 1) Increasing economic opportunity and business development, 2) Improving health and nutrition, 3) Youth development, 4) Increasing awareness in environmental stewardship, 5) Improving the agricultural and food supply system in North Carolina, and 6) Increasing educational achievement and excellence. The Caswell County Cooperative Extension Center along with other key leaders and stakeholders are constantly identifying current issues, trends, and needs of our citizens. Three listening sessions were held across the county to get feedback on economic development for the Caswell County Comprehensive Plan. The number one recommendation from these discussion groups was for Caswell County to develop an Agriculture Complex Center that will encompass several agriculture economic development projects which will promote agriculture and profitability for future years. The North Carolina Cooperative Extension Caswell County Center will play a major educational programming role in satisfying these needs of the citizens of the county.

III. Objectives to Address the Cooperative Extension Long Range Plan

Our family and consumer sciences programs improve the well-being of individuals, families, and communities.

Value* Outcome Description
72Number of adults increasing knowledge of life skills (such as goal setting, stress management, self-care and healthy relationships)
72Number of adults increasing their knowledge of community resources
67Number of people gaining basic financial management knowledge and/or skills (such as; budgeting, record keeping, goal setting, writing goals, consumer decision-making)
6Number of people gaining knowledge and/or skills to increase family assets (such as; home ownership, Individual Development Accounts (IDAs), estate planning (including Grandma’s Yellow Pie Plate), savings and investments, retirement planning)
6Number of people gaining knowledge and/or skills to increase family economic security (such as; how to access: SNAP benefits, SHIIP Medicare Part D; food cost management, cost comparison skills, shop for reverse mortgages, select long term care insurance, etc.)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
72Number of adults increasing their use of identified community resources
6Number of people implementing basic financial management strategies (such as; developing a budget, keeping records, etc.)
6Number people implementing risk management strategies (such as; seeking HUD or other housing counseling, accessing federal or state programs to address the issue, comparing among and selecting insurance coverage, financial preparation for disasters)
7Number of people accessing programs and implementing strategies to support family economic well-being
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Our plant production programs improve production, profitability, and sustainability of the agriculture sector.

Value* Outcome Description
10Number of producers who gain skills or knowledge to increase production for local markets.
10Number of producers who improve local food marketing skills or knowledge.
10Number of crop (all plant systems) producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
2Number of producers who diversified their marketing strategies into local markets (direct, intermediated/food service, institutional).
7Number of producers (and other members of the local food supply chain) who have increased revenue
2Number of new farms (beginning farmers) selling into local markets for local consumption (in this reporting period)
7Number of crop (all plant systems) producers adopting best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Our animal production programs improve production, profitability, and sustainability of the agriculture sector.

Our community development programs build strong and thriving communities.

Our 4-H youth development programs grow the skills young people need to succeed in life and career.

Value* Outcome Description
17Number of teachers trained in 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum
775Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
411Total number of female participants in STEM program
34Number of youth (students) participating in 4-H dropout prevention (student at-risk) programs
7Number of high school age youth (students) participating as members of 4-H clubs
777Number of youth increasing knowledge of life skills
181Number of children/youth who improved knowledge of local food and agricultural systems.
36Number of youth increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
297Number of youth demonstrating increased knowledge of natural resources and environmental issues
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
33Number of teachers using 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum in their classrooms
597Number of youth (students) gaining career / employability skills
10Number of youth (students) gaining entrepreneurship skills
1035Number of youth using effective life skills
1Number of youth volunteers serving in new or expanded roles within Extension
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Our food safety and nutrition programs create a safer and more sustainable food supply and improve the health and nutrition of individuals, families, and our communities.

Value* Outcome Description
465Number of participants who increase their knowledge of safe home food handling, preservation, or preparation practices
4Number of food handlers who increase their knowledge and skills in safe food handling practices
23Number of individuals who learn how to prepare local foods, including through use of home food preservation techniques.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
2Number of new and existing access points for consumers that expand or improve their offering of local fruits and vegetables. Access points include farmers markets, retail stores, school food programs, community gardens, institutions other than schools (e.g. hospitals, universities, etc.), and other systems/access points not noted (e.g. restaurants, etc.).
4Number of participants developing food safety plans
104Number of adults increasing their fruit and vegetables consumption
111Number of participants increasing their physical activity
61Number of participants who consume less sodium in their diet
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

IV. Number of Contacts Made by Extension

Type of ContactNumber
Face-to-face* 4,390
Non face-to-face** 83,222
Total by Extension staff in 2019 87,612
* Face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make directly with individuals through one-on-one visits, meetings, and other activities where staff members work directly with individuals.
** Non face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make indirectly with individuals by telephone, email, newsletters, news articles, radio, television, and other means.

V. Designated Grants Received by Extension

Type of GrantAmount
Contracts/Grants $0.00
Gifts/Donations $3,060.00
In-Kind Grants/Donations $4,200.00
United Way/Foundations $3,225.00
User Fees $2,223.00
Total $12,708.00

VI. Volunteer Involvement in Extension Programs

Number of Volunteers* Number of Volunteer Hours Known client contacts by volunteers Dollar Value at 25.43
4-H 58 98 287 $ 2,492.00
Advisory Leadership System 34 5 0 $ 127.00
Extension Community Association 33 47 872 $ 1,195.00
Total: 125 150 1159 $ 3,815.00
* The number of volunteers reflects the overall number of volunteers for multiple events.

VII. Membership of Advisory Leadership System

Caswell County Extension Advisory Council
Thomas Bernard
Marc Thomas
Mac Baldwin
Sam Crisp
Helen Crisp
Ervin Farmer
Teresa Dabbs
Hester Vernon
Yancey Smith
Julie Muhlverger
Joan Griffin
Elizabeth Rosario
Mark Davis
Shirley Deal
Michael Graves
Ronnie Lunsford
Randy Massey
Leon Richmond
Commissioner David Owen
Leon Wiley
Tammy Carter
Family and Consumer Science Program Area Advisory Council
Kim Mimms
Sandra Hudspeth
Carolyn Aldridge
Jeannine Everridge
Joan Griffin
Tammy Carter
4-H Program Area Advisory Council
Jennifer Hammock
Jennifer Eastwood
Leon Wiley
Brenda Walters
Robert Neal
Faye Asad
Mitch Thompson
Bryan Singleton
Sherri Brandon
Deborah Rudd
Trish Howard
Agriculture Program Area Advisory Council
Cheryl Pryor
Tonya Pennix
Keith Vernon
Thomas Bernard
V Mac Baldwin
Sam Crisp
Julie Muhlverger
Karen Graves
Rodney Young
Tim Yarbrough
Leon Richmond
Jeremiah Jefferies
Tommy Austin, Jr.
Phil Barfield
Celcia Spilman
Elizabeth Rosario

VIII. Staff Membership

Travis Hoesli
Title: County Extension Director
Phone: (336) 694-4158
Email: tlhoesli@ncsu.edu

Jonas Asbill
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Livestock - Poultry
Phone: (336) 318-6000
Email: jonas_asbill@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Serving the poultry industry across 20 counties in the North Central and Northeast districts

Anass Banna
Title: Extension Agent : Small Farms
Phone: (336) 694-4158
Email: anassou_banna@ncsu.edu

Brandi Boaz
Title: Extension Agent, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (336) 694-4158
Email: brandi_boaz@ncsu.edu

Clint Carty
Title: Extension Agent - Livestock
Phone: (336) 694-4158
Email: clcarty2@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: To provide leadership for the development, implementation and evaluation of an effective educational program and informational assistance to meet the needs of the county youth and adult populations in the following areas of responsibility; Agriculture/Livestock, to include but not limited to swine, equine, cattle, goats and sheep. A successful Extension Agent must demonstrate an ability and enthusiasm for serving audiences of diverse cultural and economic backgrounds.

Marti Day
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Dairy
Phone: (919) 542-8202
Email: marti_day@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Responsible for educational programs for dairy farmers, youth with an interest in dairy projects and the general public with an interest in dairy foods and the dairy industry.

Erin Eure
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Commercial Fruits and Vegetables
Phone: (252) 357-1400
Email: erin_eure@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides educational opportunities and technical support to commercial fruit and vegetable growers, agents, and industry in northeastern NC.

Marissa Herchler
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Animal Food Safety (FSMA Programs)
Phone: (919) 515-5396
Email: marissa_herchler@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marissa is an Area Specialized Agent for animal food safety, with emphasis on the new Food Safety Modernization Act rules, as they apply to feed mills in North Carolina. Please contact Marissa with any FSMA related questions, or PCQI training inquiries.

Lynette Johnston
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-0303
Email: lynette_johnston@ncsu.edu

Stacey Jones
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Commercial Nursery and Greenhouse
Phone: (704) 920-3310
Email: stacey_jones@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: I work with commercial greenhouses and nurseries to help them with growing related issues. These issues range from pests (insect, disease, and weeds), substrates, nutrition, and other miscellaneous topics.

Peggie Lewis Joyce
Title: Area 4-H Agent - Central Region
Phone: (336) 242-2080
Email: peggie_lewis@ncsu.edu

Casie Medley
Title: Office Support Receptionist
Phone: (336) 694-4158
Email: casie_medley@ncsu.edu

Daniel Ostrowski
Title: Extension Agent, Agriculture/Horticulture
Phone: (336) 694-4158
Email: drostrow@ncsu.edu

Sonya Patterson
Title: Extension Agent, Family and Consumer Sciences
Phone: (336) 694-4158
Email: sonya_patterson@ncsu.edu

Ashley Robbins
Title: Area Specialized Agent - Dairy
Phone: (919) 542-8203
Email: ashley_robbins@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marti Day and I are the Area Specialized Dairy Agents - the county-based arm of the Cooperative Extension Dairy Team. We are out here in the counties to help you set and reach your farm, family and business goals. We have collaborative expertise in the areas of Waste Management, Udder Health, Cow Comfort, Nutrition and Forage Management with specialties in (Ashley)Reproduction, Records Management, Animal Health and (Marti)Alternative Markets, Organic Dairy, Grazing Management, and On-farm Processing. We hope to provide comprehensive educational programs for our farmers, consumers and youth for every county across the state. We are here for you by phone, email or text and look forward to working with you!

Chip Simmons
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Food Safety
Phone: (919) 414-5632
Email: odsimmon@ncsu.edu

Angie Talbott
Title: County Extension Administrative Assistant
Phone: (336) 694-4158
Email: angie_talbott@ncsu.edu

Mitch Woodward
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Watersheds and Water Quality
Phone: (919) 414-3873
Email: mdwoodwa@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: NC Cooperative Extension's Goals include: - NC's natural resources and environmental quality will be protected, conserved and enhanced. - NC will have profitable, environmentally sustainable plant, animal and food systems. Protecting our environmental resources, particularly drinking water quality, is a top priority in NC. NC Cooperative Extension is a leader in teaching, researching, and accelerating the adoption of effective water quality protection practices.

IX. Contact Information

Caswell County Center
126 Court Sq
Agriculture Building
Yanceyville, NC 27379

Phone: (336) 694-4158
Fax: (336) 694-5930
URL: http://caswell.ces.ncsu.edu