2017 Caswell County Program Impact Report

Approved: January 27, 2018

I. Executive Summary

In Caswell County, North Carolina, agriculture has changed dramatically over the past century, it remains an active and vital practice. Caswell County Cooperative Extension served on the Economic Development Commission Board of Directors in 2017, making critical decisions for economic development here in the county. The agriculture sector of the county is still the major players for economic development. The North Carolina Cooperative Extension Staff here in Caswell County networked and collaborated with the Piedmont Progressive Farmers' Group, Caswell County Cattlemen's and Horsemen's Associations, Caswell Local Foods Council, Caswell Creators Network, both the USDA, NRCS, FSA, Caswell Forestry Department, local Extension Advisory System, Caswell Economic Development Commission, and other groups to organize and provide effective Cooperative Extension programs in Caswell County.

CASWELL COUNTY EXTENSION PROGRAMMING HIGHLIGHTS FOR 2017

**Caswell County ranks in the top half of NC beef producing counties. Attendance and participation at planned educational livestock and crop activities indicate programs are reaching a broad audience through regional beef (150 attended Piedmont Regional Beef Cattle Meeting), tobacco (325 in attendance at the 2017 GAP meeting in January), Regional Auxin Herbicide Meeting (102 certified), and local Cattlemen's and Horsemen's Association meetings.

**Cooperative Extension in Caswell and surrounding counties provided GAP training and reference materials for 325 tobacco producers and industry representatives at a regional meeting. Approximately 200 producers received 2 hours of "X" pesticide re-certification credits in fulfilling their pesticide license renewal requirements.

**With Extension's quick response, only one tobacco farm in the county was affected by Blue Mold tobacco disease with very little losses in the crop production cycle.

**Programming efforts targeting nutrition, genetics, health, management, facilities and marketing were adopted by 250 beef cattle producers resulting in $2,874,663 increased profitability.

**Several years ago the Matkins Meat Processing Plant changed ownership. The transition needed Cooperative Extension's attention since the grant was written for this facility by Caswell County Cooperative Extension for $435,000 and was a three-way partnership between Matkins Meats, Caswell County Cooperative Extension, and Caswell County Government. Since the 2015 purchase of this facility by Piedmont Custom Meats, employees hired increased from 8 to 17 at the processing facility; farmers using the facility increased from 245 to 763 in 18 months; as of August of 2015 1,883,241 pounds of meat was processed which added a net value of 2 million dollars to farmers income by direct marketing their products to grocery stores and consumers. This was a great economic development success for Caswell County because we have farmers from North Carolina, Virginia, Maryland, South Carolina, and Georgia utilizing the facility.

**The Piedmont Progressive Farmers Group is looking to become GAP certified with three producers planting hops as well as there being a considerable interest in creating an industrial hemp processing plant here in Caswell County after informational meetings with some County Commissioners and the County Manager.

**Programming for Caswell County 4-H include working with many different classrooms teaching 4-H curriculum including embryology, magic of electricity, soil solutions, vermicomposting, shooting for the stars and project learning tree as well as the annual 4-H Livestock Show and Sale program offered to youth in the county.

**The soft skills curriculum (NC A&T) was utilized in the Alternative School program for youth who have experienced issues with either the local high school or middle school. The program has grown into other classrooms throughout the high school. During 2017 the soft skills program expanded into the "Job Readiness" class for youth with slight disabilities and then to the Family and Consumer Sciences/Career Development classes. Several youths from these programs have gained employment and/or increased their soft skills to benefit their current employment. This program was awarded the Diversity and Inclusion award from the NCAE4-HA.

**Summer fun programming was age appropriate program utilizing guest speakers, group activities, travel and hands on activities.
4-H Clubs also utilized 4-H curricula, when it was available on their subject ares, throughout the year.

**The 4-H Embryology school enrichment curriculum was conducted to all 2nd grade and "Exceptional Children" students here in the county. Youth had the opportunity to explore the hands-on programs 4-H brings to the school.

**The Caswell County 4-H agent took 13 youth to Betsy-Jeff Penn 4-H Educational Center for an overnight 4-H camp. The 4-H agent worked diligently with local civic groups and the local electric cooperative to reduce the price of camp from $420 to $200/child. We also had two youth who attending for only $50 because of all the generous donations from local Ruritan Clubs and PEMC.

**In 2017 a food preservation workshop was held in Caswell County's Inspected Shared Use Kitchen with several participants preserving jams and jellies.

**Caswell County Cooperative Extension provided the 9-week Steps to Health federally funded SNAP-Ed program for the 9th consecutive year to 3rd grade students at two elementary schools in the county, serving over 100 children which resulted in 100% behavioral changes in their eating habits. After conducting the SNAP-Ed program at one of the high-poverty schools in Caswell County, they began noticing many behavioral changes towards food and beverage choices made by the students.

**Caswell County Local Foods Council along with the Caswell County Cooperative Extension Service had two farmers markets created in the Semora and Yanceyville areas this past year. Approximately $22,791 kept in the county from 3,596 shoppers at the two local farmers markets. There was 593 items prepared by community kitchen with a financial impact of $3,558. Healthy eating and buying healthy produce served 1,030 participants with $3,950 in $5 tokens spent and $807 SNAP EBT dollars doubled. Farmers Food share--- 487 fresh local producers donated to Caswell Outreach Ministry with the help of Caswell Clovers 4-H Home Schoolers Club. Soup and Salad served on 2nd Wednesday of the month at Extension Office which has created discussion for more healthy eating and buying local foods.

Approximately 74,158 contacts were made from extension programming efforts with 272 volunteers assisting in 2017. The Caswell County Cooperative Extension Center will continue to provide leadership by providing educational programs and resources to align with Extension's core values.

II. County Background

Caswell County is a uniquely scenic and historic Piedmont North Carolina county with a total population of 23,719 people (2010 U.S. Census Data estimates). With careful and immediate planning, these irreplaceable qualities may be preserved for future generations to be able to enjoy and reap the social, economic and cultural benefits such assets can provide. From the courthouse square to the reconditioned tobacco barn, the county has many rich architectural styles that if preserved will enhance the residents as well as visitors lifestyle. Caswell County will never have a tremendous amount of industrial growth because the county is the bedroom county to Chapel Hill, Burlington, Greensboro, Raleigh and Danville, Virginia industrial growth areas.

Caswell County is positioned to be an agricultural mecca for more than one million people. A combination of good soils, farming tradition, a lack of development pressure and close proximity to urban areas in North Carolina and Virginia are components that are already in place for agricultural economic success. In 2007, there were 562 farms covering 102,299 acres or 38 percent of the land in Caswell County. Farming as a whole generates $27 million of income while forestry generates another $4 million. Those $31 million change hands many times in the local economy before leaving the county. In the past decade, there have already been a number of farmers who have tapped into new and profitable markets with grass-fed beef, organic produce, heritage varieties and locally grown herbs, which offer marketing opportunities outside the county. Other farmers have started dedicating more of their land to raising trees. Tobacco production had been the major income source for the county in the past years which has changed drastically because of the tobacco buyout program, company contracting changes, and retiring tobacco farmers in the past ten years. The tobacco production emphasis has been refocused toward the establishment of a new winery, greenhouse production for vegetables and nursery crops, strawberry production, contracting chicken breeder operations, increase in cattle production, forestry management, agri-tourism, adding value to agricultural products, and other alternatives to tobacco production.

Programming in youth development and family consumer sciences are still major areas that need attention in serving Caswell County citizens. With poverty rates (2008 SRDC estimate of 17.8 percent) and unemployment rates (2008 SRDC estimate of at least 8.1 percent) being at an all time high; during these economic tough times managing family finances, adopting proper and healthy eating habits, and focusing on youth development to reduce high school drop out rates will become more challenging.

An environmental scan was conducted by the Caswell County Cooperative Extension Staff and the local Extension Advisory Council members which were involved in environmental scan surveys, local Extension Advisory meetings, and personal face-to-face interviews with citizens of Caswell County and program area panelists. As a result of the discussions by Local Extension Advisory and Commodity meetings, certain issues and trends for the county were identified. The educational needs identified were as follows: 1) Increasing economic opportunity and business development , 2) Improving health and nutrition, 3) Youth development, 4) Increasing awareness in environmental stewardship, 5) Improving the agricultural and food supply system in North Carolina, and 6) Increasing educational achievement and excellence. The Caswell County Cooperative Extension Center along with other key leaders and stakeholders are constantly identifying current issues, trends, and needs of our citizens. Three listening sessions were held across the county to get feedback on economic development for the Caswell County Comprehensive Plan. The number one recommendation from these discussion groups was for Caswell County to develop an Agriculture Complex Center that will encompass several agriculture economic development projects which will promote agriculture and profitability for future years. The North Carolina Cooperative Extension Caswell County Center will play a major educational programming role in satisfying these needs of the citizens of the county.

III. Objectives to Address the Cooperative Extension Long Range Plan

North Carolina's plant production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.

Value* Outcome Description
353Number of crop (all plant systems) producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
131Number of crop (all plant systems) producers adopting best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
497500Net income gains realized by the adoption of best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
55Number of producers reporting increased dollar returns per acre or reduced costs per acre
48Number of producers reporting reduction in fertilizer used per acre
7903Number of acres in conservation tillage or other Best Management Practice
7343Tons of feedstock delivered to processor
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

North Carolina's animal production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.

Value* Outcome Description
197Number of animal producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
108Number of animal producers adopting Extension-recommended best management practices, including those practices related to husbandry, improved planning, marketing, and financial practices
2681663Net income gains by producers adopting Extension-recommended best management practices, including those practices related to husbandry, improved planning, marketing, and financial practices
8Number of animal producers implementing Extension-recommended best management practices for animal waste management
1600Tons of livestock organic by-products utilized (nutrients from waste, compost, etc)
193000Net income gain by using livestock organic by-products instead of synthetic fertilizers
9Number of waste management certifications gained or maintained due to Extension education efforts
935Number of acres where Extension-recommended waste analysis was used for proper land application
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Agricultural producers, workers, food handlers and consumers will adopt safer food and agricultural production, handling, and distribution practices that reduce workplace and home injuries/illnesses, enhance food security, and increase the quality and safety of food that North Carolinians prepare and consume.

Value* Outcome Description
15Number of participants trained in safe home food handling, preservation, or preparation practices
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
3Number of eligible participants enrolled in Food Stamp program
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Individuals and groups will acquire leadership and decision making capacities needed to guide and actively participate in local and state organizations.

Value* Outcome Description
132Number of adults increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
31Number of adults assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
128Number of adults increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
40Number of adults assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Youth and adults will address community issues and/or challenges through volunteerism.

Value* Outcome Description
3Number new volunteers recruited
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
2Number of adult volunteers serving in new or expanded roles beyond Extension, including community boards and task forces
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Adults and youth will apply financial management practices to increase their economic security, which include to: meet basic necessities, increase savings, reduce debt, and build long-term assets.

Futures that Work: School to Career Pathways

Value* Outcome Description
33Number of teachers trained in 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum
1501Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
679Total number of female participants in STEM program
11Number of youth (students) participating in 4-H dropout prevention (student at-risk) programs
4Number of high school age youth (students) participating as members of 4-H clubs
404Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge of career/employability skills
6Number of adults increasing knowledge of career/employability skills
126Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge of entrepreneurship
6Number of adults increasing knowledge of entrepreneurship
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
671Number of teachers using 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum in their classrooms
1163Number of youth (students) gaining knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
315Number of youth (students) gaining career / employability skills
6Number of adults gaining career / employability skills
131Number of youth (students) gaining entrepreneurship skills
6Number of adults gaining entrepreneurship skills
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Youth and adult program participants will make healthy food choices, achieve the recommended amount of physical activity and reduce risk factors for chronic diseases.

Value* Impact Description
16Number of adults increasing their fruit and vegetables consumption
570Number of youth increasing their fruit and vegetable consumption
531Number of participants increasing their physical activity
10Number of participants reducing their BMI
9Number of adults who reduce their blood pressure
8Number of adults who improve their blood glucose (A1c.)level
2Number of adults who reduce their total cholesterol
7Number of participants who consume less sodium in their diet
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

IV. Number of Contacts Made by Extension

Type of ContactNumber
Face-to-face* 19,087
Non face-to-face** 55,071
Total by Extension staff in 2017 74,158
* Face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make directly with individuals through one-on-one visits, meetings, and other activities where staff members work directly with individuals.
** Non face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make indirectly with individuals by telephone, email, newsletters, news articles, radio, television, and other means.

V. Designated Grants Received by Extension

Type of GrantAmount
Contracts/Grants $300.00
Gifts/Donations $5,217.19
In-Kind Grants/Donations $16,500.00
United Way/Foundations $3,500.00
User Fees $225.00
Total $25,742.19

VI. Volunteer Involvement in Extension Programs

Number of Volunteers* Number of Volunteer Hours Known client contacts by volunteers Dollar Value at 24.69
4-H: 107 489 1,238 $ 12,073.00
Advisory Leadership System: 38 62 10 $ 1,531.00
Extension Community Association: 127 370 718 $ 9,135.00
Extension Master Gardener: 0 0 0 $ 0.00
Other: 0 0 0 $ 0.00
Total: 272 921 1966 $ 22,739.00
* The number of volunteers reflects the overall number of volunteers for multiple events.

VII. Membership of Advisory Leadership System

Caswell County Extension Advisory Council
Thomas Bernard
Marc Thomas
Mac Baldwin
Sam Crisp
Helen Crisp
Ervin Farmer
Teresa Dabbs
Hester Vernon
Yancey Smith
Julie Muhlverger
Joan Griffin
George Ward, Jr.
Mark Davis
Shirley Deal
Michael Graves
Ronnie Lunsford
Randy Massey
Leon Richmond
Mike Stanley
Gail Stanley
Commissioner Kenneth Travis
Leon Wiley
Tammy Carter
Family and Consumer Science Program Area Advisory Council
Kim Mimms
Sandra Hudspeth
Nathaniel Hall
Carolyn Aldridge
Jeannine Everridge
Joan Griffin
Tammy Carter
4-H Program Area Advisory Council
Jennifer Hammock
Jennifer Eastwood
Leon Wiley
Brenda Walters
Robert Neal
Faye Asad
Mitch Thompson
Mike Welch
Bryan Singleton
Sherri Brandon
Deborah Rudd
Trish Howard
Agriculture Program Area Advisory Council
Cheryl Pryor
Carl Smalls
Keith Vernon
Thomas Bernard
V Mac Baldwin
Kent Williamson
Julie Muhlverger
Karen Graves
Rodney Young
Tim Yarbrough
Leon Richmond
Jeremiah Jefferies
Tommy Austin, Jr.
Mike Stanley

VIII. Staff Membership

Joey Knight
Title: County Extension Director
Phone: (336) 694-4158
Email: joey_knight@ncsu.edu

Brandi Boaz
Title: Extension Agent, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (336) 694-4158
Email: brandi_boaz@ncsu.edu

Nate Bruce
Title: Extension Agent, Agriculture & Natural Resources
Phone: (336) 694-4158
Email: nsbruce@ncat.edu
Brief Job Description: North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University (NC A&T) Cooperative Extension System

Daniel Campeau
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Poultry
Phone: (919) 542-8202
Email: dan_campeau@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Work mainly with Commercial Poultry industry. I also work with small scale poultry production. Service area is now the North Central District from Guilford to Halifax with the southern edge being Chatham and Wake county respectively.

Marti Day
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Dairy
Phone: (919) 542-8202
Email: marti_day@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Responsible for educational programs for dairy farmers, youth with an interest in dairy projects and the general public with an interest in dairy foods and the dairy industry.

Erin Eure
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Commercial Fruits & Vegetables
Phone: (252) 357-1400
Email: erin_eure@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides educational opportunities and technical support to commercial fruit and vegetable growers, agents, and industry in northeastern NC.

Marissa Herchler
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Animal Food Safety (FSMA Programs)
Phone: (919) 515-5396
Email: marissa_herchler@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marissa is an Area Specialized Agent for animal food safety, with emphasis on the new Food Safety Modernization Act rules, as they apply to feed mills in North Carolina. Please contact Marissa with any FSMA related questions, or PCQI training inquiries.

Lynette Johnston
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-0303
Email: lynette_johnston@ncsu.edu

Stacey Jones
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Commercial Nursery and Greenhouse
Phone: (704) 920-3310
Email: stacey_jones@ncsu.edu

Mike Lanier
Title: Area Agent, Agribusiness
Phone: (919) 245-2063
Email: mlanier@orangecountync.gov
Brief Job Description: Agricultural Economic Development Local Foods Coordinator

Bill Lord
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Water Resources
Phone: (919) 496-3344
Email: william_lord@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Water quality education and technical assistance

Rachel McDowell
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Consumer and Retail Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9155
Email: romcdowe@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Support FCS Agents in delivering timely and evidence-based food safety education and information to stakeholders in NC.

Casie Medley
Title: Office Support Receptionist
Phone: (336) 694-4158
Email: cmedley@caswellcountync.gov

Sonya Patterson
Title: Extension Agent, Family and Consumer Sciences
Phone: (336) 694-4158
Email: sonya_patterson@ncsu.edu

Chip Simmons
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Food Safety
Phone: (919) 414-5632
Email: odsimmon@ncsu.edu

Angie Talbott
Title: County Extension Administrative Assistant
Phone: (336) 694-4158
Email: angie_talbott@ncsu.edu

Mitch Woodward
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Watersheds and Water Quality
Phone: (919) 250-1112
Email: mdwoodwa@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: NC Cooperative Extension's Goals include: - NC's natural resources and environmental quality will be protected, conserved and enhanced. - NC will have profitable, environmentally sustainable plant, animal and food systems. Protecting our environmental resources, particularly drinking water quality, is a top priority in NC. NC Cooperative Extension is a leader in teaching, researching, and accelerating the adoption of effective water quality protection practices.

IX. Contact Information

Caswell County Center
126 Court Sq
Agriculture Building
Yanceyville, NC 27379

Phone: (336) 694-4158
Fax: (336) 694-5930
URL: http://caswell.ces.ncsu.edu