2017 Currituck County Program Impact Report

Approved: January 25, 2018

I. Executive Summary

In 2017 Currituck County Cooperative Extension staff utilized a network of advisors and volunteers to assess needs and deliver impactful, research based programming designed to improve the quality of life for Currituck County citizens.
Currituck County Cooperative Extension Staff delivered 255 educational programs and provided face-to-face education and assistance to 12,389 citizens. Currituck Extension volunteers donated 7643 hours of service and expanded the reach of programming by over 7831 contacts. The total estimated value of volunteer contributions was $184,502. Fundraising, grants and community contributions for program enhancement in 2017 totalled $144,339.

Major initiatives identified as critical by advisory leaders and a local needs assessment included a focus on healthy eating, physical activity and chronic disease reduction; family financial management; youth and community development; profitable and sustainable agriculture; and urban and consumer horticulture.

Agriculture programs and visits have touched all aspects of Currituck agriculture in 2017, from farms to landscapes and beyond. Of particular note, fifty-two Extension Master Gardener Volunteers met the requirements for and received their recertification. As a result of participation in Extension educational programs, Currituck farmers realized $349,340 in net income gains and/or preserved wages by utilizing practices taught and maintaining pesticide applicator certifications.

Family and consumer science programming focused on health and nutrition, food safety, volunteerism and senior adult issues. Extension staff and volunteers assisted 219 Medicare beneficiaries during open enrollment saving these clients a total of $136,752 in medical and prescription drug costs. A comprehensive nutrition education program was conducted utilizing web based instruction, face to face classes as well as instructional video. Over 115 participants in these activities reported increasing fruit and vegetable intake while more than 300 reported improving their knowledge of how to access, prepare, and preserve local foods.

The Currituck County 4-H program continued to offer inquiry based educational programs focused on Science, Engineering, Technology and Math (STEM). New partnerships were formed to increase youth access to locally grown, healthy foods by establishing a 4-H community garden site as well as an outdoor classroom site at the local high school. This site will include a pollinator garden and bee hives. The 4-H Backpacks for Kids Program continued to provide weekend meals for over 150 children in need at no cost, thanks to community donations totalling nearly $15,000.

Currituck Cooperative Extension continues to offer a diverse program focused on improving the lives, land and economy of all Currituck citizens.

II. County Background

According to 2010 census data, Currituck County’s population is 23,547. Over the past 10 years, Currituck has experienced greater than 25% population growth. The Department of Commerce includes Currituck County in the Hampton Roads, Virginia Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA). Currituck is conveniently located 50 miles from the International Port of Virginia and Norfolk International Airport. The Hampton Roads MSA is the 27th largest market in the United States. There are 1.6 million people living in the Hampton Roads area. From an economic perspective Currituck has a high median income of $49,863, low unemployment and low property tax rate. This accounts for the migration of many new residents into the county. The unique landscape, Outer Banks, and tourism also attribute to the influx of people. The largest industry in Currituck is tourism. According to the Currituck County Department of Travel and Tourism, over 18 percent of Currituck’s working population is employed by the Leisure and Hospitality Industry.

Still, approximately 81% of Currituck citizens commute to jobs outside the county. Conventional places of employment only account for 5,460 workers most with low skills. Rapid growth has brought about many changes in social, economic, and political structures. The effects of development have also impacted the available natural resources and rural nature of the county. Many public policy issues and individual needs have surfaced that need the attention of political leaders, public officials, agencies and departments.

Agriculture accounts for 8% of the county's jobs. Major crops grown in Currituck are corn, wheat, soybeans, with some vegetables, fruits, nuts and berries. Roadside produce stands are prolific, especially during the summer months, though not all of these sell "Currituck Grown" produce. There are 80 active farms in Currituck County with cash receipts totaling just over $29 million.

Currituck Cooperative Extension has conducted a comprehensive investigation of the demographic changes, data, trends and issues to determine the direction and focus for educational efforts over the coming years. A needs assessment utilizing surveys and advisory leader input was conducted to establish the county-wide Extension emphasis. As a result, 6 issues were identified as high priority/urgency and include:

Health, Nutrition and Well-being
Environmental Stewardship
Family Financial Management
Youth Development
Farmland Preservation
Alternative Agriculture Economic Opportunities
Enhancing Local Food Production and Consumption

Staff members have developed plans to provide a complete program effort in each of the respective areas. Collaboration and networking with other agencies will be strengthened to address opportunities, problems, and issues holistically.

III. Objectives to Address the Cooperative Extension Long Range Plan

North Carolina's plant production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.
North Carolina's agricultural crops industry makes major contributions to local communities and the state’s economy. In 2014, the estimated farm gate value of crops was $4.72 billion, placing NC as the 17th largest in the nation. North Carolina is one of the most diversified agriculture states in the nation. The state's 50,200 farmers grow over 80 different commodities, utilizing 8.4 million of the state's 31 million acres to furnish consumers a dependable and affordable supply of food and fiber. Tobacco remains one of the state's most predominant farm commodities. North Carolina produces more tobacco and sweet potatoes than any other state and ranks second in Christmas tree cash receipts. The state also produces a significant amount of cucumbers for pickles, lima beans, turnip greens, collard greens, mustard greens, strawberries, bell peppers, blueberries, chili peppers, fresh market cucumbers, snap beans, cabbage, eggplant, watermelons, pecans, peaches, squash, apples, sweet corn, tomatoes, and grapes. There is continual technological change and the relative profitability of individual farm enterprises changes over time; therefore, farmers must respond by modifying their farming operations. Changes in consumer demand create new opportunities for producers. Growth in alternative forms of agriculture will include, among others, organic and niche market production. Educational and training programs for producers of plant agricultural products and services will enhance their ability to achieve financial and lifestyle goals and to enhance economic development locally, regionally and statewide.
Value* Outcome Description
411Number of crop (all plant systems) producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
5Number of Extension initiated and controlled County demonstration test sites (new required for GLF/PSI reporting)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
108Number of crop (all plant systems) producers adopting best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
349340Net income gains realized by the adoption of best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
North Carolina's animal production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.
North Carolina's livestock industry makes major contributions to local communities and the state’s economy. In 2014, the estimated farm gate value of livestock, dairy, and poultry was $8.85 billion, placing NC as the 7th largest in the nation. Hogs & pigs have historically been an important part of North Carolina agriculture. The industry has changed dramatically since the 1980s from the small farm raising a few hogs to large confinement type operations. North Carolina's number of cattle & calves on farms has remained relatively stable throughout time. Milk cow inventory and milk production have continued to decline in the state. Unlike other commodities, broiler production in North Carolina is increasing throughout the state. There is continual technological change and the relative profitability of individual farm enterprises changes over time; therefore, farmers must respond by modifying their farming operations. Changes in consumer demand create new opportunities for producers. Growth in alternative forms of agriculture will include, among others, organic, niche market production, and pasture-raised livestock. Educational and training programs for producers of animal agricultural products and services will enhance their ability to achieve financial and lifestyle goals and to enhance economic development locally, regionally and statewide.
Value* Outcome Description
0Number of animal producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
0Number of animal producers adopting Extension-recommended best management practices, including those practices related to husbandry, improved planning, marketing, and financial practices
10325Net income gains by producers adopting Extension-recommended best management practices, including those practices related to husbandry, improved planning, marketing, and financial practices
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Producers will increase sales of food locally to more agriculturally aware consumers through market development, producer and consumer education, and new farmer and infrastructure support.
Farmers will increase their capacity to supply product for local food sales through market planning efforts, producer and consumer education, beginning farmer training programs and local market infrastructure development. The fastest growing area of consumer demand in agriculture continues to be organic. Farmers' markets continue to expand as do multiple efforts in local sustainable agriculture. Nationally, "Buy Local, Buy Fresh" movements have emerged in the face of concerns about the risks involved in long distance transportation of industrialized food production. Increasingly, public officials and business leaders see promotion of local farm products as good public policy and local economic development. Additionally, individuals will learn to supplement their current diet by growing their own fruits and vegetables as individuals or as community groups.
Value* Outcome Description
99Number of adults (including producers, food business owners, etc.) who improved knowledge of local food and agricultural systems.
89Number of children/youth who improved knowledge of local food and agricultural systems.
74Number of individuals who gain knowledge or acquire skills related to vegetable/fruit gardening, and if also reporting under Urban and Consumer Agriculture Objective, divide up the reported number appropriately between the two objectives to avoid duplication.
323Number of individuals who learn how to prepare local foods, including through use of home food preservation techniques.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
17Number of new and existing access points for consumers that expand or improve their offering of local fruits and vegetables. Access points include farmers markets, retail stores, school food programs, community gardens, institutions other than schools (e.g. hospitals, universities, etc.), and other systems/access points not noted (e.g. restaurants, etc.).
15Number of individuals who grow food in community gardens.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Agricultural producers, workers, food handlers and consumers will adopt safer food and agricultural production, handling, and distribution practices that reduce workplace and home injuries/illnesses, enhance food security, and increase the quality and safety of food that North Carolinians prepare and consume.
Training and educational programs for farmers, agricultural workers, food handlers, and consumers will provide research-based programming, materials, information and expertise to compel these individuals to implement practices relating to the overall safety and security for the food supply and farming systems. Components of this include on-farm, packinghouse, and transportation management, retail and food service establishments, and consumer’s homes. Therefore targeted audiences include farmers and agricultural workers and their families, food handlers and workers (both amateur and commercial), transporters, processors, business operators, food service and retail staff, supervisors of any food facility, long term care facility staff and individuals who purchase, prepare and serve food in their homes. With an estimated 76 million foodborne illnesses annually, costing an estimated $1.4 trillion, food safety highlights a specific area of risk to be addressed by Cooperative Extension. The recent produce-related foodborne illness outbreaks have brought public attention to a problem that has been increasing nationally for the last ten years. The issues of foodborne illness and food safety pose immediate risks for farmers affecting the areas of economics, consumer demand, and market access. Because no processing or kill steps are involved with produce that is typically eaten raw, the best measures to limit microorganisms and fresh produce related illness are to prevent microbes from contaminating the product. Practices like Good Agricultural Practices (GAPs), Good Handling Practices (GHPs), and Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points (HACCP) represent a systematic preventive approach to food safety, protecting agricultural products as they move from farm to retail and restaurants and finally to families. While there is currently no legal requirements for growers to implement GAPs, buyers have responded to the public concern by requiring their produce growers to adhere to current guidelines and possibly even require GAPs certification. The main areas of concern incorporate production, harvesting, packing, and transporting produce in the areas of water quality, manure management, domestic and wildlife management, worker health and hygiene, transportation, traceability, and documentation. For North Carolina growers to be competitive and produce safe product, it is important that they gain knowledge about and implement food safety programs that minimize physical, chemical and biological hazards Food safety risks do not stop at primary production. As risks associated with pathogens can occur at many junctions between primary production and consumption, food safety is a truly farm-to-fork issue. The World Health Organization and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have defined 5 factors that lead to foodborne illness outbreaks: Inadequate cooking or processing procedures; improper storage and holding temperatures, cross-contamination between potentially contaminated raw materials and ready-to-eat foods (either directly or through poor sanitation); and poor implementation of personal hygiene practices. The preventative steps targeting risk reduction taken at each of the components making up the food supply chain are critical in preventing food-borne illness. Educational programs including ServSAFE, School HACCP workshops, food safety at childcare and senior centers, and targeted farm-to-fork food safety inclusion for all food handlers is necessary for important for advances in knowledge and implementation of preventative programs. Equally important is that families and children have a secure food supply. Hunger in American households has risen by 43 percent over the last five years, according to an analysis of US Department of Agriculture (USDA) data released in the report "Household Food Security in the United States, 2004." The analysis, completed by the Center on Hunger and Poverty at Brandeis University, shows that more than 7 million people have joined the ranks of the hungry since 1999. The USDA report says that 38.2 million Americans live in households that suffer directly from hunger and food insecurity, including nearly 14 million children. That figure is up from 31 million Americans in 1999. Limited-resource, socially disadvantaged and food-insecure individuals, families and communities will be provided with information and opportunities to enhance household food, diet and nutritional security. Agriculture is one of the most hazardous industries in the United States, and consistently ranks as the first, second or third most deadly industry along with mining and construction. Agriculture is unique in that the work and home place are often the same, exposing both workers and family members to hazards. In the United States on average each year, there are 700 deaths and 140,000 injuries to those who work in agriculture, defined as farming, forestry and fishing. Farmers, farmworkers and their families are at high risk for fatal and nonfatal injuries (primarily from tractor roll-overs, machinery entanglements, and animal handling incidents), musculo-skeletal conditions, work-related lung diseases, noise-induced hearing loss, heat stress and heat stroke, pesticide exposure and illness, skin diseases, behavioral health issues, and certain cancers associated with chemical use and prolonged sun exposure. The health and safety of migrant and seasonal farmworkers are complicated by other conditions such as infectious disease, hypertension, and diabetes, as well as cultural and language barriers. Farmers and farmworkers alike are subject to lack of access to health care. Agricultural injury and illness are costly, with total US annual costs reaching $4.5 billion and per farm costs equaling $2,500, or 15% of net income. Median health care coverage for farm families is $6,000 per year. In North Carolina, 27% of farm families do not have health insurance, while 29% of farmers do not have health insurance. Many others have health care coverage with high annual deductibles and high premiums. Agromedicine is a comprehensive, collaborative approach involving both agricultural and health scientists to develop solutions addressing the health and safety issues of the agricultural community through research, education and outreach. The North Carolina Agromedicine Institute, a partnership of NC State University, NC A&T State University and East Carolina University in collaboration with others, develops and evaluates effective programs to reduce injury and illness in agriculture, forestry and fishing. One such program is called Certified Safe Farm (CSF) and AgriSafe. CSF and AgriSafe were first developed and researched in Iowa. CSF and AgriSafe are being adapted to North Carolina agriculture by the NC Agromedicine Institute and its Cooperative Extension collaborators. Certified Safe Farm combines AgriSafe health services (wellness and occupational health screenings and personal protection equipment selection and fit services) conducted by trained AgriSafe health providers, on-farm safety reviews conducted by trained Extension agents, and community education and outreach to achieve safety and health goals established by participating farmers and their employees and families. Insurance incentives and safety equipment cost-share programs for participating farmers are still being developed. Other ongoing educational programs addressing agricultural health and safety include farm safety days for children, youth, or families, employee hands-on farm safety training, the National Safe Tractor and Machinery Operation Program for youth, and youth ATV operator safety certification programs.
Value* Outcome Description
368Number of commercial/public operators trained
785Number of pesticide application credit hours provided
15Number of participants participating in AgriSafe personal protective equipment (PPE) selection or fit testing
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
39680Value of number of non-lost work days
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Individuals and groups will acquire leadership and decision making capacities needed to guide and actively participate in local and state organizations.
Leadership is important to every level of a community sharing in the creation of wealth and well-being. Youth and adult leaders must be capable of motivating groups to achieve common goals that impact North Carolina families and communities.They will need the confidence and skill to guide and support North Carolina community and state organizations. Citizens participating in the 2007 NC Tomorrow survey denoted the importance of leadership by clearly requesting leadership training (54%), social advising, community advising and technical assistance (45%)from their university system.
Value* Outcome Description
113Number of adults increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
18Number of adults assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
167Number of youth increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
3Number of youth assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
113Number of adults increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
18Number of adults assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
167Number of youth increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
3Number of youth assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Youth and adults will address community issues and/or challenges through volunteerism.
Youth and adult volunteers in North Carolina contribute thousands of hours each year to strengthen communities and create strong foundations for the future. As these individuals engage in service, they are gaining new skills, generating new programs to serve their communities, building successful organizations, and fostering an ethic of service. Cooperative Extension is poised to support the development of interpersonal skills, leadership experiences, and content knowledge to ensure that citizens are prepared to engage in meaningful service throughout the lifespan. Current research suggests that youth and adult participation positively impacts civic engagement and contributes to the development of leadership capacities. With its presence in every county, Cooperative Extension is uniquely positioned to contribute to building a stronger ethic of service among youth and adults.
Value* Outcome Description
205Number of adult participants acquiring the skills needed to serve as a volunteer
30Number of youth participants reporting aspirations to serve in new or expanded volunteer roles in community
93Number of adult participants reporting aspirations to serve in new or expanded volunteer roles in community
129Number of hours adult volunteer training conducted
29Number of hours youth volunteer training conducted
25Number new volunteers recruited
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
28Increased number of hours contributed by trained youth volunteers
1829Increased number of hours contributed by trained adult volunteers
71Number of adult volunteers serving in new or expanded roles within Extension
43Number of adult volunteers serving in new or expanded roles beyond Extension, including community boards and task forces
9Number of adult volunteers recruiting and/or training new volunteers
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Community members, organizations and local government will engage in collaborative dialog and decision-making to build economically, socially and environmentally resilient communities. This will be done through inclusive engagement, partnership building, and/or community planning.
Throughout North Carolina, communities that come together to collaboratively address issues and/or interests are enhancing the community's quality of life and its economic, social and environmental resiliency. The state's growing population and economy is producing significant changes in its communities and in some cases resulting in the emergence of new communities. The perspectives, capacity and skills of all community members are essential to aligning community decisions and actions with local needs, assets and priorities. NC Cooperative Extension has an important role in engaging and supporting the ongoing work of citizens, organizations, and communities in decision-making, and strategic dialog to influence positive public policy, foster development of partnerships, create empowered communities, be prepared to address the high potential for natural and human-caused disasters.
Value* Outcome Description
121Number of participants increasing knowledge and skills in convening and leading inclusive, representative groups (including limited resources, new resident, or immigrant groups) for evidence based community development
48Number of participants developing skills in leading community, economic, and/or disaster planning and change
12Number of participants who increased their awareness, knowledge or skill in business related topics (e.g., management, product development, marketing, business structure options, business law and/or liability)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
3Number of businesses created, retained, or expanded due to Extension’s community and economic development programming
94Number of participants who report new or expanded leadership roles and opportunities undertaken
267693Dollar value of in-kind resources (funding, in-kind service or volunteers) contributed to Projects or Programs in which Extension was critically involved by an organization or community to support community or economic development work
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Adults and youth will apply financial management practices to increase their economic security, which include to: meet basic necessities, increase savings, reduce debt, and build long-term assets.
North Carolina families are experiencing financial distress. A slowing state economy with depressed incomes, rising interest rates, housing and medical costs and increased living expenses for gasoline and food have strained household budgets. NC households (21%) lack access to enough food for an active healthy life for all household members. Families forced into home insecurity in the state reached 47% because of the inability to pay their rent or increased mortgage payments. Foreclosure starts increased 154% between the third quarter of 2006 and first quarter 2010 with projections of increases in foreclosures through 2012. The loss of housing as a primary asset hurts the family emotionally, psychologically and economically and impacts property values and tax revenue in communities. To avoid negative financial outcomes families need skills to develop and execute spending plans to better manage income to cover monthly living expenses, to evaluate, select and manage financial products, and to increase and protect family assets. Eighteen percent (18%) or 1 out of 5 households are asset poor and lack sufficient net worth to subsist at the poverty level for three months without a job or source of support. Due to inadequate savings 1 out of 3 households reported using credit cards to cover basic living expenses, including rent, mortgage payments, groceries, utilities and insurance. Credit card debt and changes in interest rate policies have forced many families to become delinquent on credit repayment. Families nationwide also report feeling that they have inadequate savings for emergencies, educating their children and retirement. Skills that help families develop and implement debt repayment strategies, make sound consumer decisions to avoid scams and frauds, like predatory lending and identity theft, and create and implement plans to achieve short-term and long-term financial goals like acquiring a home, saving for retirement and education and emergency funds can help families recover from poor financial management practices and become more financially secure. In the context of “the Great Recession” and high unemployment (10.4% North Carolina; 9% National (October 2011)) families need knowledge and skills to access information and programs that support family economic security during periods of unemployment, under-employment and/or retirement.
Value* Outcome Description
219Number of people gaining knowledge and/or skills to increase family economic security (such as; how to access: SNAP benefits, SHIIP Medicare Part D; food cost management, cost comparison skills, shop for reverse mortgages, select long term care insurance, etc.)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Futures that Work: School to Career Pathways
We are living in a new economy powered by technology, fueled by information and driven by knowledge. Extension programs provide opportunities for youth and adults to improve their level of education and increase their skills that enable them to be competitive in our global society and workforce.
Value* Outcome Description
14Number of teachers trained in 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum
1266Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
490Total number of female participants in STEM program
20Number of youth (students) participating in 4-H dropout prevention (student at-risk) programs
226Number of high school age youth (students) participating as members of 4-H clubs
355Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge of career/employability skills
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
14Number of teachers using 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum in their classrooms
1103Number of youth (students) gaining knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
34Number of youth (students) gaining career / employability skills
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Consumers, communities, and organizations will become more efficient in their use of energy and increase their proportional use of renewable energy sources (wind/microhydro/solar/landfill gas/geothermal).
NC consumers, communities and organizations will reduce energy use through the adoption of energy efficient technologies, techniques and behavioral practices. Additionally, they will begin to focus on and make use of renewable energy sources for use in their homes, businesses, agricultural industries and government facilities.
North Carolinians will make decisions and adopt practices that implement effective resource protection and conservation.
The natural resources in North Carolina are an important asset that benefit all citizens, but many citizens are unaware of the consequences of actions and practices they implement. The continued population growth of North Carolina is putting pressure on natural resources in terms of quantity and quality. To have a healthy and productive natural environment, professionals and citizens must be knowledgeable of environmental issues and conservation and management opportunities.
Value* Outcome Description
4Number of child and youth educators aspiring to implement quality outdoor learning environments for children
205Number of youth and adults demonstrating increased knowledge of natural resources and environmental issues
77Number of youth willing to participate in conservation actions
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Consumers and communities will enhance the value of plants, animals, and landscapes while conserving valuable natural resources and protecting the environment.
Residential, commercial and public entities will make decisions regarding plant selection, placement and management that will decrease water consumption, preserve and improve water quality, mitigate storm water contaminants, reduce erosion, energy consumption, and greenwaste, expand wildlife habitat, improve real estate value, and improve diet and nutrition of consumers. The horse and "farmer lifestyle" industry will continue to grow and have an increasing impact on North Carolina's economy, while protecting the environment. The NCDA&CS reports that 65,000 horse producers own over 225,000 horses which annually generates over $704 million of gross revenue from training, showing, boarding and breeding establishments in addition to agri-business sales of horse-related products. The total economic impact of the NC green industry is $8.6 billion, involving 151,982 employees, and 120,741 acres of production (Green Industry Council, 2006). North Carolina residential consumers spend $5.9 billion dollars per year on garden and landscape related expenses (Green Industry Council, 2006). For 2007, North Carolina's population is estimated to be 8,968,800 (LINC). The population grew by 1,323,288 (15%), between 1997 and 2007 and it is projected to grow by another 1,330,055 (13%), over the next ten years (LINC). Over 50% of the population now lives in urban areas. Despite evidence of the ecological and financial benefits, environmentally responsible landscaping strategies are not being implemented widely. Renovating a landscape to incorporate water conserving strategies may result in using 36% less water. Urban water run-off accounts for the majority of water pollution, mostly pesticides and fertilizers, that does not come from a specific industrial source. Selection of well-adapted plants, effective pest management, and appropriate care and feeding of plants will greatly reduce dependence on fertilizers and pesticides. Rain water that is not absorbed by the soil becomes erosive storm water runoff, which transports pollutants such as fertilizer, pesticides, sediment, motor oil, litter, and animal waste to local streams and rivers. Landscape designs will include rain gardens and other runoff catchment facilities (underground cisterns, etc.) that are attractive and easy to maintain in residential areas. Homeowners will learn that proper plant selection and placement can reduce winter heating bills by as much as 15% and summer cooling bills by as much as 50 percent, while reducing the need to prune over-sized plants. Wild habitat areas are rapidly being converted into housing and commercial properties, displacing native plants and animals. Choosing native or adapted plants that provide food and shelter creates a haven for butterflies, birds, lizards, and other animals. Edible landscaping can increase the amount and expand the variety of fresh fruits and vegetables consumed.
Value* Outcome Description
1644Number of participants improving knowledge, attitude, skills and aspirations regarding gardening and landscape practices including plant selection and placement, turfgrass management, soil management, growing food, water conservation and water quality preservation, storm water and erosion management, green waste management, pest and wildlife management
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
71Number of participants who use extension-recommended best management practices in landscapes, turf, and gardens, including pest (insect, weed, disease) management, fertility management, water conservation, water quality preservation and pruning techniques
411Number of participants who use extension-recommended pest management practices in homes, public facilities, businesses or in community pest management programs
739Number of participants selecting appropriate landscape plants (adapted, drought tolerant, appropriate size, etc.)
224Number of participants growing food for home consumption
59Number of participants adopting composting
27Number of participants implementing extension-recommended practices to conserve water use and protect water qualty
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Youth and adult program participants will make healthy food choices, achieve the recommended amount of physical activity and reduce risk factors for chronic diseases.
Many North Carolinians are affected by chronic disease and conditions that compromise their quality of life and well-being. Heart disease, stroke and cancer continue to be leading causes of death in our state. In addition, obesity and obesity related chronic diseases such as diabetes continue to rise at alarming rates. Healthy eating and physical activity are critical to achieve optimal health. Many North Carolinians have diets that are too high in calories and too low in fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Portion sizes, foods eaten away-from-home and consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages continue to rise. In addition, most North Carolinians do not engage in regular physical activity. The prevalence of overweight and obesity has nearly doubled in the past 10 years. If the trend of overweight is not slowed, it will eliminate the progress we have made in reducing the burden of weigh-related chronic disease. One in every three US children born after 2000 will become diabetic unless many more people start eating less and exercising more. The cost of obesity in North Carolina in health care costs alone is over 2 billion dollars. There are many proposed reasons for the obesity epidemic, however unhealthy eating and physical inactivity are widely recognizes as primary contributors to the problem. Those who make healthy food choices and are physically active are more likely to achieve and maintain a healthy weight as well reduce chronic diseases. Ultimately, this will lead to reduction in health care costs, increased longevity, greater productivity and improved quality of life.
Value* Impact Description
244Number of adults increasing their fruit and vegetables consumption
336Number of youth increasing their fruit and vegetable consumption
155Number of participants increasing their physical activity
31Number of participants who consume less sodium in their diet
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

IV. Number of Contacts Made by Extension

Type of ContactNumber
Face-to-face* 12,403
Non face-to-face** 57,563
Total by Extension staff in 2017 69,966
* Face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make directly with individuals through one-on-one visits, meetings, and other activities where staff members work directly with individuals.
** Non face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make indirectly with individuals by telephone, email, newsletters, news articles, radio, television, and other means.

V. Designated Grants Received by Extension

Type of GrantAmount
Contracts/Grants $15,169.00
Gifts/Donations $48,208.10
In-Kind Grants/Donations $33,643.10
United Way/Foundations $0.00
User Fees $57,607.00
Total $154,627.20

VI. Volunteer Involvement in Extension Programs

Number of Volunteers* Number of Volunteer Hours Known client contacts by volunteers Dollar Value at 24.14
4-H: 357 3,077 5,513 $ 74,279.00
Advisory Leadership System: 20 35 10 $ 845.00
Extension Community Association: 18 42 421 $ 1,014.00
Extension Master Gardener: 1,675 4,165 1,100 $ 100,543.00
Other: 98 348 787 $ 8,401.00
Total: 2168 7667 7831 $ 185,081.00
* The number of volunteers reflects the overall number of volunteers for multiple events.

VII. Membership of Advisory Leadership System

Senior Programming
Sheila Gregory
Evelyn Henley
Erline Jones
Georgia Kight
Health & Wellness
Olivia Jones, Chairman
Amy Underhill
Angelia Siddle
Stephanie Leahey
Debbie LaShomb
Stacy Joseph
James Mims
Kim Dozier
Lindsay Voohees
Kristina Ussery
Leslie Price
Sarah Alford
Sheila Gregory
Debra Embrey
Samantha Norvell
Rebecca Christenbury
Sarah Tyson
Extension & Community Association
Evelyn Henley
Erline Jones
Georgia Kight
Master Gardener Executive Committee
Peggy Lilienthal
Lesley Miner
Penny Leary-Smith
Kerrie O'Toole
Lewis Barnett
Extension Historical Preservation Committee
Rodney Sawyer
Georgia Kight
Faytie Johnston
4-H Volunteer Leaders Association
Heather Campbell
Kathy Melton
Trish Rippin
Stacy Belue
Currituck County Advisory Leadership Council
Josh Bass
Lisa Bess
Bobby Hanig
Theresa Dozier
Julie Folwick
Shelly Haskell
Evelyn Henley
Peggy Jordan
Donna Kesler
Peggy Lilienthal
Jaileen Morelen
Megan Morgan
Renja Murray
Randy Owens
Sandra Tunnel

VIII. Staff Membership

Cameron Lowe
Title: County Extension Director, Currituck & Camden
Phone: (252) 232-2261
Email: cameron_lowe@ncsu.edu

Jody Carpenter
Title: Extension Agent, Agriculture - Field Crops
Phone: (252) 232-2261
Email: jbcarpe5@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: I provide aid to the agricultural community in the form of educational opportunities with the latest research from NC State University. Areas of responsibility include field crops, pesticide education, consumer horticulture and local foods.

Christian
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Consumer & Retail Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9148
Email: Candice_Christian@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: The overall goal of the Area Specialized Agents (ASAs) in Consumer & Retail Food Safety is to support FCS Agents in delivering timely and evidence-based food safety education and information to stakeholders in North Carolina.

Erin Eure
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Commercial Fruits & Vegetables
Phone: (252) 357-1400
Email: erin_eure@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides educational opportunities and technical support to commercial fruit and vegetable growers, agents, and industry in northeastern NC.

Sherry Fischlschweiger
Title: Extension Agent, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (252) 232-2261
Email: sherry_fischlschweiger@ncsu.edu

Steve Gabel
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Aquaculture
Phone: (252) 482-6585
Email: steve_gabel@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Responsible for aquaculture educational programs for the NC NE extension district.

Sheila Gregory
Title: Program Assistant, Family and Consumer Sciences
Phone: (252) 232-2261
Email: sheila_gregory@ncsu.edu

Stacy Hairfield
Title: 4-H Program Assistant, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (252) 232-2262
Email: stacy_hairfield@ncsu.edu

Tom Harrell
Title: 4-H Program Assistant, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (252) 232-2261
Email: tom_harrell@ncsu.edu

Marissa Herchler
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Animal Food Safety (FSMA Programs)
Phone: (919) 515-5396
Email: marissa_herchler@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marissa is an Area Specialized Agent for animal food safety, with emphasis on the new Food Safety Modernization Act rules, as they apply to feed mills in North Carolina. Please contact Marissa with any FSMA related questions, or PCQI training inquiries.

Olivia Jones
Title: Area Agent, Family and Consumer Sciences
Phone: (252) 232-2261
Email: olivia_jones@ncsu.edu

Danny Lauderdale
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Nursery and Greenhouse, Eastern Region
Phone: (252) 237-0111
Email: danny_lauderdale@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides programming to commercial ornamental nursery and greenhouse producers in eastern North Carolina.

Bill Lord
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Water Resources
Phone: (919) 496-3344
Email: william_lord@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Water quality education and technical assistance

Sherry Lynn
Title: County Extension Administrative Assistant
Phone: (252) 232-2261
Email: sherry_lynn@ncsu.edu

Stephanie Minton
Title: 4-H Program Assistant
Phone: (252) 232-2262
Email: stephanie_minton@ncsu.edu

Margaret Ross
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Poultry
Phone: (252) 670-8254
Email: margaret_ross@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Working with commercial poultry producers to assist in writing nutrient management plans and conducting educational programming.

Chip Simmons
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Food Safety
Phone: (919) 414-5632
Email: odsimmon@ncsu.edu

Scott Tilley
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Field Crops
Phone: (252) 793-4428
Email: scott_tilley@ncsu.edu

Sarah Watts
Title: Extension Agriculture Technician, Agriculture
Phone: (252) 232-2261
Email: sarah_watts@ncsu.edu

Mitch Woodward
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Watersheds and Water Quality
Phone: (919) 250-1112
Email: mdwoodwa@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: NC Cooperative Extension's Goals include: - NC's natural resources and environmental quality will be protected, conserved and enhanced. - NC will have profitable, environmentally sustainable plant, animal and food systems. Protecting our environmental resources, particularly drinking water quality, is a top priority in NC. NC Cooperative Extension is a leader in teaching, researching, and accelerating the adoption of effective water quality protection practices.

IX. Contact Information

Currituck County Center
120 Community Way
Barco, NC 27917

Phone: (252) 232-2261
Fax: (252) 453-2782
URL: http://currituck.ces.ncsu.edu