2020 Dare County Plan of Work

Approved: January 18, 2020

I. County Background

Dare County has a permanent population of approximately 38,000 (69% urban and 31% rural; 94.20% white non-Hispanic and 5.8% total minority races). However, the county’s tourism industry results in a large seasonal population with an average daily population from June through August estimated to be approximately 300,000. An average of seven million people visit Dare County during the course of one year. The seasonal urbanization of the county has created a need for greater expenditures on public safety and services. Additionally, Dare County stretches along almost 110 miles of shoreline known as the Outer Banks. There are six municipalities: Duck, Kill Devil Hills, Kitty Hawk, Manteo, Nags Head and Southern Shores, multiple islands, and sections of mainland. The geography of Dare County makes providing public services throughout the county a challenge. The tourism driven economy dramatically affects employment, housing, environmental quality, public health and safety, education and the use of public facilities/services. The challenge exists to facilitate the needs of the seasonal populations while maintaining the quality of life for the county’s permanent residents. 

The major needs and issues of Dare County residents focus on protecting the environmental qualities of the area and assisting residents in gaining knowledge and skills to help meet the challenges they face in today’s society. County residents must cope with one of the highest cost of living levels in the state and a high level of unemployment. Many of the major challenges directly impact or are a result from tourism (including recreational fishing and real estate), the number one industry for the county. Other industries that make a significant financial impact in the county are commercial fishing and boat building. Dare County's 2020 Economy Diversification Strategic Plan sites a number of these challenges such as poor connectivity of transportation system, low educational attainment, an insufficient communication network, flood prone areas, frequency and severity of storm impacts, and a lack of affordable housing. The 2020 plan also sites a number of possible opportunities for development such as workforce development through state universities and community colleges, differentiation of agriculture products such as organic or wild-fish might strengthen the industry, and the potential for aeronautic and marine research. Protection of the county’s abundant natural resources is a priority issue in Dare County, as this impacts all of the factors that make up Dare County's economy. Storm water runoff threatens water quality, aquatic life and the comfort of residents as it blocks access to structures and streets. Variability in soil types and the fluctuating water table can create septic health issues. Development and construction has led to some of the drainage issues as well as loss of habitat for native plants and wildlife. Storm damage continues to significantly impact access to the islands and has affected residents’ homes and landscapes taking an economic toll on the community.

Based upon feedback, informal evaluations and advisory input, some of the local issues of Dare County citizenry include: adequate planning to prevent degradation of the county; year-round rentals and reasonably priced single-family homes; high cost of living; diversifying the local economy; concern about youth engaging in risky/criminal behaviors (bullying, sexual assault) and the need for sufficient safe activities for youth; preparing youth for a global environment; improved water quality and the protection of natural resources; substance abuse (drug and alcohol abuse); physical health issues such as obesity, heart disease, pneumonia, influenza (in older adults specifically), diabetes, cancer, and access to health care (due to lack of or inadequate insurance coverage and transportation); general concerns about an aging population; child care availability and affordability; and diversity issues (Spanish speaking population and temporary summer employees). Last but not least, the geography of Dare County makes providing public services throughout the county a challenge.

Dare County NC State Extension's educational programs will help residents make better informed decisions, inform decision makers about NC State Extension’s available educational resources and engage the university in addressing and/or helping resolve issues and concerns in Dare County. The involvement of our Advisory Leadership System will provide community outreach and input, enhance collaboration of community resources, increase awareness of NC State Extension’s programs and educational resources, and help maintain and gain support and recognition for Dare County’s NC State Extension programs.

II. Objectives to Address the Cooperative Extension Long Range Plan

Our family and consumer sciences programs improve the well-being of individuals, families, and communities.

Our community development programs build strong and thriving communities.

Our 4-H youth development programs grow the skills young people need to succeed in life and career.

Our natural resource and environmental programs conserve our precious natural resources and maintain a clean and healthy environment.

Our consumer horticulture programs teach families and communities about environmentally friendly methods for gardening and controlling pests.

Our food safety and nutrition programs create a safer and more sustainable food supply and improve the health and nutrition of individuals, families, and our communities.

III. Relationship to County Government Objectives

In 2016, NC State University's Office of Outreach & Engagement, Industry Expansion Solutions was hired by the Dare County Board of Commissioners to perform and economic study. In December 19, 2016 the Dare County Board of Commissioners received an overview of the completed Economic Development and Diversification Strategic Plan from which they plan to build a formal written strategic plan by 2020. The Dare County 2020 Economy Diversification Strategic Plan was released in late 2019. In order for NC State Extension to be seen as a resource to county government, County Commissioners and department heads serve on the Extension Advisory Council. Also, Dare County NC State Cooperative Extension volunteers network with government leaders and serve as liaisons for the organization. The involvement of advisory system volunteers keeps the community informed of NC State Cooperative Extension programming and keeps staff up to date on the needs of the county. Staff also collaborate with other departments via committees and task forces to in order to understand the voids in service, educate others on the resources of our department, and form partnerships in the community. Throughout the year, and especially during times of emergency or disaster, NC State Extension staff distribute materials and information via radio spots, online newsletters, newspapers, government television and most importantly one-on-one consultations with individuals.

IV. Diversity Plan

The racial make up of Dare County is: 94.20% white non-Hispanic and 5.8% total minority races. Additionally, Dare County's 2020 Economic Development and Diversification Strategic Plan identifies a significant aging population; 16.9% of Dare County's population are 65 and older. Although there is a small minority population, it is important that NC State Cooperative Extension makes programs and expertise accessible to all citizens. We are committed to equality in all areas of diversity. Programs are open to all people. Educational programs are publicized as open invitations to the public and announcements of programs are made via news releases, fliers/handouts, newsletters, radio announcements, notices on the government cable channel, posters, etc. Written program announcements are placed in locations of high traffic public areas and locations frequently visited by minority audiences. Educational programs are held in various locations throughout the county, in an effort to reach minorities and the under served. To further encourage participation of the Latino population, Dare County's Extension Master Gardener Volunteers and 4-H programming will continue to seek out partnerships with organizations and agencies that also diversify their outreach and educational efforts. NC State Cooperative Extension will not intentionally discriminate against any Dare County citizen or visitor.

V. Primary Delivery and Evaluation Methods

Delivering timely, relevant educational programs that meet critical local needs is the cornerstone of NC State Cooperative Extension’s mission. NC State Cooperative Extension educational programs are designed to equip the citizens of Dare County with knowledge, skills and tools to improve their economic prosperity, environmental stewardship and quality of life. The NC State Cooperative Extension program delivery system is a diverse blend of educational methods designed to enhance learning. NC State Extension educational methods are typically hands-on, experiential, and appealing to multiple senses and learning styles. Program information is always research-based. NC State Cooperative Extension educators deliver in wide variety of settings such as interactive workshops and classes; demonstrations; field days and tours; and one-on-one encounters that allow learners to fully engage in the learning process, test new knowledge, and practice new skills. Equally important, non face-to-face educational methods such as multi media seminars, emails, fact sheets, online newsletters, and brochures serve to support and reinforce learning and provide motivation for continued learning. Armed with the most current literature on effective teaching and learning, NC State Cooperative Extension educators skillfully select educational methods based on the learning style preferences and special needs of the learners. These client-focused methods offer learners the opportunity to gain the knowledge and skills needed to change their lives in meaningful ways. Another key feature of NC State Cooperative Extension program delivery that is evident in this plan is our commitment to being customer driven and customer focused. In addition to the on-site Dare County Cooperative Extension building, educational programs are delivered online, in community centers, and at other locations in order for our programs to be available and accessible to all the citizens of Dare County. 

NC State Cooperative Extension defines success through determining how its educational programs positively impact the citizens of Dare County. Evaluations reveal whether any changes occurred as a result NC State Cooperative Extension’s educational programs, and subsequently the significance of those changes. Quantitative research methods are often used and include retrospective testing, pre and post tests, and surveys to measure knowledge gained, application of acquired knowledge, number of skills developed, and types of skills developed. NC State Cooperative Extension is committed to assessing both the long and short-term the social, economic and environmental impacts that our programs have on the individuals, families and communities. In this annual plan (short-term), we have outlined financial impact and cost benefit analysis as our primary evaluation methods. Another value held in NC State Extension is actively listening to and communicating with targeted learners. Therefore, this plan also includes qualitative evaluation methods such as testimonials from program participants, success stories, and interviews.

VI. Membership of Advisory Leadership System

Dare County Master Gardener Advisory Commitee
Christine Stadther 
Lois Chatham 
Linda Foster 
Karen Schindel
Mary Louise Dow
Judy Johnson
Sara Haigh
Donna Fiedler
Sandy Burgee
Vicky Byers

Dare County NC State Extension Advisory Leadership Council
Mary Louis Dow
Barbara Franchi
John McCord
Stanley Oliver 
Virginia Tillett
Janice Tillett 
Shannon Glaser
Tim White 
George Henderson
David Twiddy
Jody Sloan
Slade Sloan (youth representative)
Jim Tobin, Dare County Commissioner
4-H Youth Council
New 4-H Agent will form an Advisory Committee.

VII. Staff Membership

Rebecca Liverman
Title: County Extension Director, Washington and Interim Co. Extension Director, Dare
Phone: (252) 793-2163
Email: rebecca_liverman@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Rebecca_Liverman@ncsu.edu

Candice Christian
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Consumer and Retail Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9148
Email: cadescha@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: The overall goal of the Area Specialized Agents (ASAs) in Consumer & Retail Food Safety is to provide North Carolinians with technical food safety information and to support Family and Consumer Sciences agents in delivering timely and evidence-based food safety education and information to stakeholders.

Marti Day
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Dairy
Phone: (919) 542-8202
Email: marti_day@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Responsible for educational programs for dairy farmers, youth with an interest in dairy projects and the general public with an interest in dairy foods and the dairy industry.

Erin Eure
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Commercial Fruits and Vegetables
Phone: (252) 357-1400
Email: erin_eure@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides educational opportunities and technical support to commercial fruit and vegetable growers, agents, and industry in northeastern NC.

Dee Furlough
Title: Area Agent, Family and Consumer Sciences
Phone: (252) 796-1581
Email: dee_furlough@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Nutrition, Food Safety, Local Foods

Steve Gabel
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Aquaculture
Phone: (252) 482-6585
Email: steve_gabel@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Responsible for aquaculture educational programs for the NC NE extension district.

Marissa Herchler
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Animal Food Safety (FSMA Programs)
Phone: (919) 515-5396
Email: marissa_herchler@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marissa is an Area Specialized Agent for animal food safety, with emphasis on the new Food Safety Modernization Act rules, as they apply to feed mills in North Carolina. Please contact Marissa with any FSMA related questions, or PCQI training inquiries.

Amy Jordan
Title: Agricultural Technician Program Assistant
Phone: (252) 473-4290
Email: aljorda4@ncsu.edu

Danny Lauderdale
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Ornamental Nursery and Greenhouse, Eastern Region
Phone: (252) 237-0111
Email: danny_lauderdale@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides programming to commercial ornamental nursery and greenhouse producers in eastern North Carolina.

Paige Lilley
Title: Extension Agent, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (252) 473-4290
Email: pfuseli@ncsu.edu

Lori McBryde
Title: Area 4-H Agent, East Region
Phone: (919) 989-5380
Email: lori_mcbryde@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provide support the Eastern 34 Counties of the Northeast and Southeast Districts in 4-H Youth Development.

Ashley Robbins
Title: Area Specialized Agent - Dairy
Phone: (919) 542-8203
Email: ashley_robbins@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marti Day and I are the Area Specialized Dairy Agents - the county-based arm of the Cooperative Extension Dairy Team. We are out here in the counties to help you set and reach your farm, family and business goals. We have collaborative expertise in the areas of Waste Management, Udder Health, Cow Comfort, Nutrition and Forage Management with specialties in (Ashley)Reproduction, Records Management, Animal Health and (Marti)Alternative Markets, Organic Dairy, Grazing Management, and On-farm Processing. We hope to provide comprehensive educational programs for our farmers, consumers and youth for every county across the state. We are here for you by phone, email or text and look forward to working with you!

Margaret Ross
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Poultry
Phone: (252) 670-8254
Email: margaret_ross@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Working with commercial poultry producers to assist in writing nutrient management plans and conducting educational programming.

Chip Simmons
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Food Safety
Phone: (919) 414-5632
Email: odsimmon@ncsu.edu

Scott Tilley
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Grain
Phone: (252) 793-4428
Email: scott_tilley@ncsu.edu

Mitch Woodward
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Watersheds and Water Quality
Phone: (919) 414-3873
Email: mdwoodwa@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: NC Cooperative Extension's Goals include: - NC's natural resources and environmental quality will be protected, conserved and enhanced. - NC will have profitable, environmentally sustainable plant, animal and food systems. Protecting our environmental resources, particularly drinking water quality, is a top priority in NC. NC Cooperative Extension is a leader in teaching, researching, and accelerating the adoption of effective water quality protection practices.

VIII. Contact Information

Dare County Center
517 Budleigh St
Manteo, NC 27954

Phone: (252) 473-4290
Fax: (252) 473-3106
URL: http://dare.ces.ncsu.edu