2018 Dare County Program Impact Report

Approved: February 12, 2019

I. Executive Summary

In 2018, NC State Cooperative Extension staff worked diligently to address Dare County’s high priority concerns as outlined in recent county needs assessment surveys.

The Dare County urban horticulture program focused on teaching residents to preserve our fragile coastal landscapes and habitats that are so essential to the tourist-based economy. The program has resulted in the adoption of many environmentally sound management practices. Through educational programs such as the Coastal Gardening Festival, environmental field days, community fairs, Greenline consultations, local television programs, educational lectures and one-on-one consultations, thousands of Dare County residents have increased knowledge and have adopted best management practices in areas including plant selection, erosion control, home landscape care, pest management, and water quality preservation. Strategic partnerships with local municipalities and county agencies were strengthened, and partnerships with local nonprofits were strengthened in order to reach a wider, more diverse audience. Dare County Extension Master Gardeners assist county residents via phone calls, walk-in visits, public speaking engagements, festivals, farmers market information booths, community garden leadership, exhibits, and providing the Outer Banks Arboretum and Teaching Garden. Extension Master Gardeners play a vital role in educating residents about sound ways to protect and preserve the environment. In 2018, the Master Gardener's outreach program "Greenline" partnered with the Extension Master Gardener's Speakers Bureau program to reach more citizens and to better utilize their resources. Together they did outdoor, hands-on demonstration workshops in the Outer Banks Arboretum and Teaching Garden, they took part in public events at the Elizabethan Gardens, created and taught two indoor gardening programs for senior citizens, and created four new programs for their public speaking program. The CED/Horticulture Agent, Shannon Brooks, and these two Extension Master Gardener committees joined forces, forming internal and external partnerships, in a strategic effort to reach a wider audience without overtaxing any particular volunteer. Clients have shown a marked appreciation for having easier access points to reliable, researched based home horticulture resources. Face-to-face contacts with citizens have increased.

In 2018, Dare County Extension Master Gardeners earned international recognition for having a significant impact in our community. At the state level in 2018, Dare County Master Gardeners received recognition for three of their projects, winning two 1st place awards and one 2nd place award. One of these 1st place projects, the Speakers Bureau, then went on to receive an International Search for Excellence Award that will be presented at the 2019 International Master Gardener Conference. This award recognizes outstanding Master Gardener volunteer educational, group projects that result in significant learning. It is the highest award there is in program and the first time a North Carolina Master Gardener program has ever received this honor. The accolades don’t end there. There were only seven awards granted at the international level in 2019, and North Carolina received two 1st place awards. Both Dare and Guilford County projects placed 1st in their respective categories of the International Master Gardener Search for Excellence Awards.

In 2018, Dare County Family Consumer Science Agent Elizabeth "Dee" Furlough offered high quality public education programs each month. Furlough is an award winning Agent who delivers nationally recognized curriculum to Dare County citizens. In 2018, she partnered with a number of Dare County public agencies such as the Department of Public Health and the Thomas A. Baum Senior Center, municipalities such as the town of Manteo, and nonprofits such as Head Start. Programs focused on healthy eating, chronic disease risk reduction, food safety, and teaching an overall enjoyment of food preparation. She continued to work closely with the Dare County Diabetes Support Group to provide programs that included incorporating local foods in the diet. She taught Eat to Beat Diabetes, Heart Healthy Lunch, and Med Instead of Meds. These programs were specifically aimed at participants with diabetes, but were advertised to the entire community through newspaper articles, the monthly Dare County NC Cooperative Extension online newsletter, social media and email broadcasts to all Dare County citizens. Additionally, she participated in multi-county efforts representing both Tyrrell and Dare Counties. She taught workshops at and helped coordinate the area-wide Aging with Gusto Conference hosted in Currituck County. Senior citizens from Tyrrell, Dare, Currituck, Perquimans, Chowan, Hertford, Camden and Gates counties participated in this workshop. Dare County citizens are thrilled to have an active FCS program; workshops were often full, with a waiting list. In addition, the Extension and Community Association (ECA) works under Furlough's' leadership to strengthen families through leadership development and volunteerism. ECA recruited several new members at their annual Christmas Party, which will help this small group remain strong. In 2018, the Dare County ECA had 12 members that contributed over 300 hours of volunteer work.

In 2018, the 4-H program in Dare County had the benefit of a 4-H Agent for eleven full months. Under 4-H Agent Paige Fuselier's leadership, the program grew from 6 adult volunteers to 37 adult volunteers and 2 youth volunteers. There are three 4-H clubs. She continues to strengthen existing partnerships and has created new partnerships with local government and nonprofit agencies that help her serve a wider, more diverse audience. She also implemented a Summer Fun Series and participated with youth in statewide 4-H events. Additionally, she partnered with the Dare County Board of Education to provide programming for the All Summer Enrichment Program. Fuselier has successfully held a fundraiser, written grants, and petitioned local non profits in order to provide kids with scholarships for camps and to fund her programs.

In 2018, to total number of NC Cooperative Extension volunteers in all three program areas of Dare County numbered 118 individuals. These individuals recorded 8,777 contacts and 5,955 hours of service for a total economic value of $147,029.

II. County Background

The major needs and issues of Dare County residents focus on protecting the environmental qualities of the area and assisting residents in gaining knowledge and skills to help meet the challenges they face in today’s society. County residents must cope with one of the highest cost of living levels in the state and a high level of unemployment. The major impacts and challenges experienced result from tourism, the number one industry for the county. Dare County has a permanent population of approximately 33,920 (69% urban and 31% rural; 94.20% white non-Hispanic and 5.8% total minority races). However, the county’s tourism industry results in a large seasonal population with an average daily population from June through August estimated to be approximately 225,000 to 300,000. An average of seven million people visit Dare County during the course of one year. The seasonal urbanization of the county has created a need for greater expenditures on public safety and services.Additionally, Dare County stretches along almost 110 miles of shoreline known as the Outer Banks. There are six municipalities: Duck, Kill Devil Hills, Kitty Hawk, Manteo, Nags Head and Southern Shores, multiple islands, and sections of mainland. The geography of Dare County makes providing public services throughout the county a challenge. The tourism driven economy dramatically affects employment, housing, environmental quality, public health and safety, education and the use of public facilities/services. The challenge exists to facilitate the needs of the seasonal populations while maintaining the quality of life for the county’s permanent residents. 

Protection of the county’s abundant natural resources is a priority issue in Dare County. Storm water runoff threatens water quality, aquatic life and the comfort of residents as it blocks access to structures and streets. Variability in soil types and the fluctuating water table can create septic health issues. Development and construction has led to some of the drainage issues as well as loss of habitat for native plants and wildlife. Storm damage continues to significantly impact access to Hatteras Island and has affected residents’ homes and landscapes taking an economic toll on the community.

Based upon feedback, informal evaluations and advisory input, some of the local issues of Dare County citizenry include: adequate planning to prevent degradation of the county, affordable housing and challenges of the high cost of living, diversifying the local economy, concern about youth engaging in risky/criminal behaviors (bullying, sexual assault), the need for sufficient safe activities for youth, preparing youth for a global environment, improved water quality, protection of natural resources, substance abuse (drug and alcohol abuse), physical health issues (obesity, heart disease, pneumonia, influenza (in older adults specifically), diabetes, cancer, access to health care (due to lack of or inadequate insurance coverage and transportation), general concerns about an aging population, child care availability and affordability, and diversity issues (Spanish speaking population and temporary summer employees). Last but not least, the geography of Dare County makes providing services throughout the county a challenge.

Dare County NC State Extension's educational programs will increase awareness of these issues and help residents make better informed decisions, inform decision makers about NC State Extension’s available educational resources and engage the university in addressing and/or helping resolve issues and concerns in Dare County. The involvement of our Advisory Leadership System will provide community outreach and input, enhance collaboration of community resources, increase awareness of NC State Extension’s programs and educational resources, and help maintain and gain support and recognition for Dare County’s NC State Extension programs.

III. Objectives to Address the Cooperative Extension Long Range Plan

Youth and adults will address community issues and/or challenges through volunteerism.

Value* Outcome Description
70Number of adult participants acquiring the skills needed to serve as a volunteer
16Number of adult participants reporting aspirations to serve in new or expanded volunteer roles in community
59Number of hours adult volunteer training conducted
2Number new volunteers recruited
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
730Increased number of hours contributed by trained adult volunteers
33Number of adult volunteers serving in new or expanded roles within Extension
78Number of adult volunteers recruiting and/or training new volunteers
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Individuals and groups will acquire leadership and decision making capacities needed to guide and actively participate in local and state organizations.

Futures that Work: School to Career Pathways

Value* Outcome Description
61Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
38Total number of female participants in STEM program
18Number of high school age youth (students) participating as members of 4-H clubs
422Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge of career/employability skills
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
61Number of youth (students) gaining knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
12Number of youth (students) gaining career / employability skills
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Community members, organizations and local government will engage in collaborative dialog and decision-making to build economically, socially and environmentally resilient communities. This will be done through inclusive engagement, partnership building, and/or community planning.

North Carolinians will make decisions and adopt practices that implement effective resource protection and conservation.

Consumers and communities will enhance the value of plants, animals, and landscapes while conserving valuable natural resources and protecting the environment.

Value* Outcome Description
7010Number of participants improving knowledge, attitude, skills and aspirations regarding gardening and landscape practices including plant selection and placement, turfgrass management, soil management, growing food, water conservation and water quality preservation, storm water and erosion management, green waste management, pest and wildlife management
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
7010Number of participants who use extension-recommended best management practices in landscapes, turf, and gardens, including pest (insect, weed, disease) management, fertility management, water conservation, water quality preservation and pruning techniques
160Number of participants who use extension-recommended pest management practices in homes, public facilities, businesses or in community pest management programs
3545Number of participants selecting appropriate landscape plants (adapted, drought tolerant, appropriate size, etc.)
85Number of participants growing food for home consumption
25Number of participants adopting composting
75Number of participants implementing extension-recommended practices to conserve water use and protect water qualtiy
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Youth and adult program participants will make healthy food choices, achieve the recommended amount of physical activity and reduce risk factors for chronic diseases.

Value* Impact Description
114Number of adults increasing their fruit and vegetables consumption
48Number of youth increasing their fruit and vegetable consumption
46Number of participants increasing their physical activity
86Number of participants who consume less sodium in their diet
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

IV. Number of Contacts Made by Extension

Type of ContactNumber
Face-to-face* 10,253
Non face-to-face** 56,148
Total by Extension staff in 2018 66,401
* Face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make directly with individuals through one-on-one visits, meetings, and other activities where staff members work directly with individuals.
** Non face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make indirectly with individuals by telephone, email, newsletters, news articles, radio, television, and other means.

V. Designated Grants Received by Extension

Type of GrantAmount
Contracts/Grants $1,170.00
Gifts/Donations $2,060.00
In-Kind Grants/Donations $0.00
United Way/Foundations $0.00
User Fees $960.00
Total $4,190.00

VI. Volunteer Involvement in Extension Programs

Number of Volunteers* Number of Volunteer Hours Known client contacts by volunteers Dollar Value at 25.43
4-H: 59 170 238 $ 4,323.00
Advisory Leadership System: 0 0 0 $ 0.00
Extension Community Association: 52 303 100 $ 7,705.00
Extension Master Gardener: 1,679 5,482 8,439 $ 139,407.00
Other: 0 0 0 $ 0.00
Total: 1790 5955 8777 $ 151,436.00
* The number of volunteers reflects the overall number of volunteers for multiple events.

VII. Membership of Advisory Leadership System

Dare County Master Gardener Advisory Commitee
Christine Stadther 
Lois Chatham 
Linda Foster 
Dave Schindel
Karen Schindel
Louise Dow
Ruth Goodhart
Sara Haigh
Keith Lilly
Sandy Burgee



Dare County NC State Extension Advisory Leadership Council
Dave Schindel
John McCord
Phyllis Neal 
Stanley Oliver 
Virginia Tillett
Janice Tillett 
Bonnie Bennett
Tim White 
George Henderson
Cindy Harris
Jim Tobin - Commissioner
4-H Youth Council
New 4-H Agent will form an Advisory Committee.

VIII. Staff Membership

Shannon Brooks
Title: County Extension Director
Phone: (252) 473-4290
Email: shannon_brooks@ncsu.edu

Candice Christian
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Consumer and Retail Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9148
Email: Candice_Christian@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: The overall goal of the Area Specialized Agents (ASAs) in Consumer & Retail Food Safety is to support FCS Agents in delivering timely and evidence-based food safety education and information to stakeholders in North Carolina.

Erin Eure
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Commercial Fruits and Vegetables
Phone: (252) 357-1400
Email: erin_eure@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides educational opportunities and technical support to commercial fruit and vegetable growers, agents, and industry in northeastern NC.

Dee Furlough
Title: Area Agent, Family and Consumer Sciences
Phone: (252) 796-1581
Email: dee_furlough@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Nutrition, Food Safety, Local Foods

Paige Fuselier
Title: Extension Agent, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (252) 473-4290
Email: pfuseli@ncsu.edu

Steve Gabel
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Aquaculture
Phone: (252) 482-6585
Email: steve_gabel@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Responsible for aquaculture educational programs for the NC NE extension district.

Donna Hanusik
Title: County Extension Administrative Assistant
Phone: (252) 473-4290
Email: donna_hanusik@ncsu.edu

Marissa Herchler
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Animal Food Safety (FSMA Programs)
Phone: (919) 515-5396
Email: marissa_herchler@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marissa is an Area Specialized Agent for animal food safety, with emphasis on the new Food Safety Modernization Act rules, as they apply to feed mills in North Carolina. Please contact Marissa with any FSMA related questions, or PCQI training inquiries.

Lynette Johnston
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-0303
Email: lynette_johnston@ncsu.edu

Amy Jordan
Title: Agricultural Technician Program Assistant
Phone: (252) 473-4290
Email: aljorda4@ncsu.edu

Danny Lauderdale
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Nursery and Greenhouse, Eastern Region
Phone: (252) 237-0111
Email: danny_lauderdale@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides programming to commercial ornamental nursery and greenhouse producers in eastern North Carolina.

Bill Lord
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Water Resources
Phone: (919) 496-3344
Email: william_lord@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Water quality education and technical assistance

Lori McBryde
Title: Area 4-H Agent, East Region
Phone: (919) 989-5380
Email: lori_mcbryde@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provide support the Eastern 34 Counties of the Northeast and Southeast Districts in 4-H Youth Development.

Margaret Ross
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Poultry
Phone: (252) 670-8254
Email: margaret_ross@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Working with commercial poultry producers to assist in writing nutrient management plans and conducting educational programming.

Chip Simmons
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Food Safety
Phone: (919) 414-5632
Email: odsimmon@ncsu.edu

Scott Tilley
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Grain
Phone: (252) 793-4428
Email: scott_tilley@ncsu.edu

Mitch Woodward
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Watersheds and Water Quality
Phone: (919) 250-1112
Email: mdwoodwa@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: NC Cooperative Extension's Goals include: - NC's natural resources and environmental quality will be protected, conserved and enhanced. - NC will have profitable, environmentally sustainable plant, animal and food systems. Protecting our environmental resources, particularly drinking water quality, is a top priority in NC. NC Cooperative Extension is a leader in teaching, researching, and accelerating the adoption of effective water quality protection practices.

IX. Contact Information

Dare County Center
517 Budleigh St
Manteo, NC 27954

Phone: (252) 473-4290
Fax: (252) 473-3106
URL: http://dare.ces.ncsu.edu