2019 Dare County Program Impact Report

Approved: January 18, 2020

I. Executive Summary

In 2019, NC State Cooperative Extension staff worked diligently to address Dare County’s high priority concerns.

The Dare County urban and commercial horticulture programs focused on teaching residents to preserve our fragile coastal landscapes and habitats that are so essential to the tourist-based economy. The program has resulted in the adoption of many environmentally sound management practices. This year, the commercial horticulture sector benefited from a Pesticide School hosted in Dare County. This was the first Pesticide School held in Dare County in nine years. Attendance reached maximum, with 33 participants taking their licensing exams on the second day of the school. Additionally, two pesticide credit opportunities were held for pesticide license holders. The commercial horticulture program will continue to build and serve the Dare County landscaping industry, which has more landscapers than any other county in the district. Through consumer educational programs such as the Coastal Gardening Festival, one-on-one consultations, local television programs, and educational workshops thousands of Dare County residents have increased knowledge and have adopted best management practices in areas including plant selection, erosion control, home landscape care, using native and naturalized plants in the landscape, edible gardening, pest management, and water quality preservation. Strategic partnerships with local municipalities and county agencies were strengthened, and partnerships with local nonprofits were strengthened in order to reach a wider, more diverse audience.

Dare County's Extension Master Gardener Volunteers assisted county residents via phone calls, walk-in visits, public speaking engagements, festivals, exhibits, television programming, and providing the Outer Banks Arboretum and Teaching Garden. Extension Master Gardener Volunteers play a vital role in educating residents about sound ways to protect and preserve the environment. For the past three years, Dare Extension Master Gardener Volunteers have made a targeted effort to improve consumer access to horticultural information, to diversify program content, and reach a more diverse audience. Public access to Extension Master Gardener educational programs has gone from about 6 programs a year to at least 2 quality programs each month, often more. Rooms that once held only 5 to 15 attendees are now full and sometimes overflowing with more than 50 attendees at recent workshops. Contact with Extension Master Gardener Volunteers through Greenline has increased over three-fold in the last 5 years. In 2019, the Dare County Master Gardener Volunteer Speakers Bureau received a 2019 International Award for Excellence at the International Extension Master Gardener Volunteer conference.

In 2019, Dare County Family Consumer Science Agent Elizabeth "Dee" Furlough offered high quality public education programs each month. Furlough is an award winning Agent who delivers nationally recognized curriculum to Dare County citizens. In 2019, she partnered with a number of Dare County public agencies such as the Department of Public Health and the Thomas A. Baum Senior Center, municipalities such as the town of Manteo, and nonprofits such as Head Start. Programs focused on healthy eating, chronic disease risk reduction, food safety, and teaching an overall enjoyment of food preparation. She continued to work closely with the Dare County Diabetes Support Group to provide programs that included incorporating local foods in the diet. She taught Eat to Beat Diabetes, Heart Healthy Lunch, and Med Instead of Meds. These programs were specifically aimed at participants with diabetes, but were advertised to the entire community through newspaper articles, the monthly Dare County NC Cooperative Extension online newsletter, social media and email broadcasts to all Dare County citizens. Additionally, she participated in multi-county efforts representing both Tyrrell and Dare Counties. She taught workshops at and helped coordinate the area-wide Aging with Gusto Conference; senior citizens from Tyrrell, Dare, Currituck, Perquimans, Chowan, Hertford, Camden and Gates counties participated in this workshop. Dare County citizens are thrilled to have an active FCS program; workshops were often full.

In 2019, under 4-H Agent Paige Lilley's leadership, the Dare County 4-H program continued to grow. Maintaining existing 4-H clubs, she encouraged another club to form and she continues to search out additional opportunities for parent and youth involvement. She has also created new partnerships with local government and nonprofit agencies that help her serve a wider, more diverse audience. For a second year, she implemented a 4-H Summer Fun Series and raised funds for the series that allowed 141 youth to participate in these programs as no cost. In 2019, Lilley increased Dare County youth participation in state 4-H events, successfully raised funds to support her programs, written grants, and petitioned local non profits in order to provide kids with scholarships for camps.

II. County Background

The major needs and issues of Dare County residents focus on protecting the environmental qualities of the area and assisting residents in gaining knowledge and skills to help meet the challenges they face in today’s society. County residents must cope with one of the highest cost of living levels in the state and a high level of unemployment. The major impacts and challenges experienced result from tourism, the number one industry for the county. Dare County has a permanent population of approximately 33,920 (69% urban and 31% rural; 94.20% white non-Hispanic and 5.8% total minority races). However, the county’s tourism industry results in a large seasonal population with an average daily population from June through August estimated to be approximately 225,000 to 300,000. An average of seven million people visit Dare County during the course of one year. The seasonal urbanization of the county has created a need for greater expenditures on public safety and services. Additionally, Dare County stretches along almost 110 miles of shoreline known as the Outer Banks. There are six municipalities: Duck, Kill Devil Hills, Kitty Hawk, Manteo, Nags Head and Southern Shores, multiple islands, and sections of mainland. The geography of Dare County makes providing public services throughout the county a challenge. The tourism driven economy dramatically affects employment, housing, environmental quality, public health and safety, education and the use of public facilities/services. The challenge exists to facilitate the needs of the seasonal populations while maintaining the quality of life for the county’s permanent residents. 

Protection of the county’s abundant natural resources is a priority issue in Dare County. Storm water runoff threatens water quality, aquatic life and the comfort of residents as it blocks access to structures and streets. Variability in soil types and the fluctuating water table can create septic health issues. Development and construction has led to some of the drainage issues as well as loss of habitat for native plants and wildlife. Storm damage continues to significantly impact access to Hatteras Island and has affected residents’ homes and landscapes taking an economic toll on the community.

Based upon feedback, informal evaluations and advisory input, some of the local issues of Dare County citizenry include: adequate planning to prevent degradation of the county; year-round rentals and reasonably priced single-family homes; high cost of living; diversifying the local economy; concern about youth engaging in risky/criminal behaviors (bullying, sexual assault) and the need for sufficient safe activities for youth; preparing youth for a global environment; improved water quality and the protection of natural resources; substance abuse (drug and alcohol abuse); physical health issues such as obesity, heart disease, pneumonia, influenza (in older adults specifically), diabetes, cancer, and access to health care (due to lack of or inadequate insurance coverage and transportation); general concerns about an aging population; child care availability and affordability; and diversity issues (Spanish speaking population and temporary summer employees). Last but not least, the geography of Dare County makes providing public services throughout the county a challenge.

Dare County NC State Extension's educational programs will increase awareness of these issues and help residents make better informed decisions, inform decision makers about NC State Extension’s available educational resources and engage the university in addressing and/or helping resolve issues and concerns in Dare County. The involvement of our Advisory Leadership System will provide community outreach and input, enhance collaboration of community resources, increase awareness of NC State Extension’s programs and educational resources, and help maintain and gain support and recognition for Dare County’s NC State Extension programs.

III. Objectives to Address the Cooperative Extension Long Range Plan

Our family and consumer sciences programs improve the well-being of individuals, families, and communities.

Value* Outcome Description
3Number of adults increasing knowledge of life skills (such as goal setting, stress management, self-care and healthy relationships)
6Number of adults increasing their knowledge of community resources
65Number of people gaining knowledge and/or skills to increase family economic security (such as; how to access: SNAP benefits, SHIIP Medicare Part D; food cost management, cost comparison skills, shop for reverse mortgages, select long term care insurance, etc.)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
5Number of adults increasing their use of identified community resources
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Our community development programs build strong and thriving communities.

Value* Outcome Description
19Number of adult participants acquiring the skills needed to serve as a volunteer
120Number of participants that increase their knowledge of disaster preparedness planning, mitigation and recovery
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Our 4-H youth development programs grow the skills young people need to succeed in life and career.

Value* Outcome Description
113Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
57Total number of female participants in STEM program
2Number of high school age youth (students) participating as members of 4-H clubs
236Number of youth increasing knowledge of life skills
42Number of children/youth who improved knowledge of local food and agricultural systems.
53Number of youth increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
122Number of youth demonstrating increased knowledge of natural resources and environmental issues
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
36Number of youth (students) gaining career / employability skills
42Number of youth (students) gaining entrepreneurship skills
59Number of youth using effective life skills
12Number of youth willing to participate in conservation actions
68Number of youth increasing their physical activity
7Number of youth volunteers serving in new or expanded roles within Extension
3Number of youth assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
30Number of youth increasing their fruit and vegetable consumption
127Number of youth who grow food in school gardens.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Our natural resource and environmental programs conserve our precious natural resources and maintain a clean and healthy environment.

Value* Outcome Description
392Number of participants willing to participate in conservation actions (such as rain gardens, wildlife management, conservation easements, land trusts, generational planning, etc.)
392Number of participants increasing their knowledge about best management practices (including storm water systems, septic system maintenance, erosion control, rain gardens, forestry, etc.)
11Number of child and youth educators aspiring to implement quality outdoor learning environments for children
836Number of adults demonstrating increased knowledge of natural resources and environmental issues
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
43Number of participants implementing extension-recommended practices to conserve water use and protect water quality
45Number of participants that adopted recommended agroecosystem adaption strategies for production agriculture or natural resource management, including for invasive species, pest management, pollutant loads, and wetlands.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Our consumer horticulture programs teach families and communities about environmentally friendly methods for gardening and controlling pests.

Value* Outcome Description
76Number of individuals who gain knowledge or acquire skills related to vegetable/fruit gardening
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
346Number of participants who use extension-recommended best management practices in landscapes, turf, and gardens, including pest (insect, weed, disease, wildlife) and soil management
585Number of participants selecting appropriate landscape plants (adapted, drought tolerant, appropriate size, etc.)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Our food safety and nutrition programs create a safer and more sustainable food supply and improve the health and nutrition of individuals, families, and our communities.

Value* Outcome Description
86Number of participants who increase their knowledge of safe home food handling, preservation, or preparation practices
43Number of food handlers who increase their knowledge and skills in safe food handling practices
38Number of individuals who learn how to prepare local foods, including through use of home food preservation techniques.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
54Number of adults increasing their fruit and vegetables consumption
7Number of participants increasing their physical activity
26Number of participants who consume less sodium in their diet
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

IV. Number of Contacts Made by Extension

Type of ContactNumber
Face-to-face* 7,075
Non face-to-face** 2,762,753
Total by Extension staff in 2019 2,769,828
* Face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make directly with individuals through one-on-one visits, meetings, and other activities where staff members work directly with individuals.
** Non face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make indirectly with individuals by telephone, email, newsletters, news articles, radio, television, and other means.

V. Designated Grants Received by Extension

Type of GrantAmount
Contracts/Grants $0.00
Gifts/Donations $25,210.00
In-Kind Grants/Donations $1,500.00
United Way/Foundations $0.00
User Fees $0.00
Total $26,710.00

VI. Volunteer Involvement in Extension Programs

Number of Volunteers* Number of Volunteer Hours Known client contacts by volunteers Dollar Value at 25.43
4-H 86 234 87 $ 5,951.00
Advisory Leadership System 12 54 0 $ 1,373.00
Extension Community Association 10 275 50 $ 6,993.00
Extension Master Gardener 1,926 6369 7558 $ 161,964.00
Other: Forestry & Natural Resources 2 24 0 $ 610.00
Total: 2036 6956 7695 $ 176,891.00
* The number of volunteers reflects the overall number of volunteers for multiple events.

VII. Membership of Advisory Leadership System

Dare County Master Gardener Advisory Commitee
Christine Stadther 
Lois Chatham 
Linda Foster 
Karen Schindel
Louise Dow
Judy Johnson
Sara Haigh
Keith Lilly
Sandy Burgee
Vicky Byers



Dare County NC State Extension Advisory Leadership Council
Louis Dow
John McCord
Stanley Oliver 
Virginia Tillett
Janice Tillett 
Bonnie Bennett
Tim White 
George Henderson
Cindy Harris
Jim Tobin - Commissioner
4-H Youth Council
New 4-H Agent will form an Advisory Committee.

VIII. Staff Membership

Rebecca Liverman
Title: County Extension Director, Washington and Interim Co. Extension Director, Dare
Phone: (252) 793-2163
Email: rebecca_liverman@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Rebecca_Liverman@ncsu.edu

Candice Christian
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Consumer and Retail Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9148
Email: cadescha@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: The overall goal of the Area Specialized Agents (ASAs) in Consumer & Retail Food Safety is to provide North Carolinians with technical food safety information and to support Family and Consumer Sciences agents in delivering timely and evidence-based food safety education and information to stakeholders.

Marti Day
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Dairy
Phone: (919) 542-8202
Email: marti_day@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Responsible for educational programs for dairy farmers, youth with an interest in dairy projects and the general public with an interest in dairy foods and the dairy industry.

Erin Eure
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Commercial Fruits and Vegetables
Phone: (252) 357-1400
Email: erin_eure@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides educational opportunities and technical support to commercial fruit and vegetable growers, agents, and industry in northeastern NC.

Dee Furlough
Title: Area Agent, Family and Consumer Sciences
Phone: (252) 796-1581
Email: dee_furlough@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Nutrition, Food Safety, Local Foods

Steve Gabel
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Aquaculture
Phone: (252) 482-6585
Email: steve_gabel@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Responsible for aquaculture educational programs for the NC NE extension district.

Marissa Herchler
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Animal Food Safety (FSMA Programs)
Phone: (919) 515-5396
Email: marissa_herchler@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marissa is an Area Specialized Agent for animal food safety, with emphasis on the new Food Safety Modernization Act rules, as they apply to feed mills in North Carolina. Please contact Marissa with any FSMA related questions, or PCQI training inquiries.

Amy Jordan
Title: Agricultural Technician Program Assistant
Phone: (252) 473-4290
Email: aljorda4@ncsu.edu

Danny Lauderdale
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Ornamental Nursery and Greenhouse, Eastern Region
Phone: (252) 237-0111
Email: danny_lauderdale@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides programming to commercial ornamental nursery and greenhouse producers in eastern North Carolina.

Paige Lilley
Title: Extension Agent, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (252) 473-4290
Email: pfuseli@ncsu.edu

Lori McBryde
Title: Area 4-H Agent, East Region
Phone: (919) 989-5380
Email: lori_mcbryde@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provide support the Eastern 34 Counties of the Northeast and Southeast Districts in 4-H Youth Development.

Ashley Robbins
Title: Area Specialized Agent - Dairy
Phone: (919) 542-8203
Email: ashley_robbins@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marti Day and I are the Area Specialized Dairy Agents - the county-based arm of the Cooperative Extension Dairy Team. We are out here in the counties to help you set and reach your farm, family and business goals. We have collaborative expertise in the areas of Waste Management, Udder Health, Cow Comfort, Nutrition and Forage Management with specialties in (Ashley)Reproduction, Records Management, Animal Health and (Marti)Alternative Markets, Organic Dairy, Grazing Management, and On-farm Processing. We hope to provide comprehensive educational programs for our farmers, consumers and youth for every county across the state. We are here for you by phone, email or text and look forward to working with you!

Margaret Ross
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Poultry
Phone: (252) 670-8254
Email: margaret_ross@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Working with commercial poultry producers to assist in writing nutrient management plans and conducting educational programming.

Chip Simmons
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Food Safety
Phone: (919) 414-5632
Email: odsimmon@ncsu.edu

Scott Tilley
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Grain
Phone: (252) 793-4428
Email: scott_tilley@ncsu.edu

Mitch Woodward
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Watersheds and Water Quality
Phone: (919) 414-3873
Email: mdwoodwa@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: NC Cooperative Extension's Goals include: - NC's natural resources and environmental quality will be protected, conserved and enhanced. - NC will have profitable, environmentally sustainable plant, animal and food systems. Protecting our environmental resources, particularly drinking water quality, is a top priority in NC. NC Cooperative Extension is a leader in teaching, researching, and accelerating the adoption of effective water quality protection practices.

IX. Contact Information

Dare County Center
517 Budleigh St
Manteo, NC 27954

Phone: (252) 473-4290
Fax: (252) 473-3106
URL: http://dare.ces.ncsu.edu