2018 Davie County Program Impact Report

Approved: January 25, 2019

I. Executive Summary

In 2018, the North Carolina Cooperative Extension, Davie County Center, served 24,652 county residents through educational workshops, demonstrations, field days, newsletters and individual consultations. Davie County Extension agents and volunteers delivered 69 educational programs for 443 hours of training to 1,985 participants. During the past year, 601 Extension volunteers made 5,635 contacts and contributed 5,217 hours of volunteer service, valued at $24.14 per hour, for a total economic value of $128,808 in the county. $17,650 in outside funding was also secured to support programs in 2018.

North Carolina has an adult obesity rate of 30% and an adolescent obesity rate of 13% (National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, 2016). In the Steps to Health program, 162 third graders at Cooleemee and William R. Davie Elementary Schools learned how to read food labels, make healthier, more nutritious food choices, and increase their physical activity. Other programs, such as Farm to Table, Jr. Cooking, and Chef and the Child focused on foods and nutrition for youth and taught 76 additional children how to make wise choices and prepare foods.

The Davie 4-H program reached 1,237 youth through school enrichment programs, camps, summer activities and various special interest activities including presentation day, hippology, project records, livestock shows and much more. STEM related activities offered through 4-H included Embryology, Lego Rebotics, Horse Judging, Beekeeping Camps, Science Camps and Jr. Master Gardener programs that reached 854 youth. The Davie 4-H Shooting Sports Team had a very successful year winning several regional, state and national competitions.

In the local foods area, two county farmers markets continued growth offering viable local markets for area producers with Extension’s support. The Davie County Extension Master Gardener Volunteer training was held and nine new graduates joined the Davie group. The EMGVs continued their strong outreach in the county with a Fall Gardening Series offered in conjunction with the local library and their annual Jr. Master Gardener Day Camps for youth.

The Voluntary Agricultural District Program continued to grow enrolling two farms and 315.57 acres in 2018, with a total enrollment of 40 farms and 4,839.5 acres. The Davie County Voluntary Agricultural District and Enhanced Voluntary Agricultural District Ordinance was also revised to reflect current state statutes.

Pesticide use and safety are major issues concerning food safety, environmental quality and personal safety. This year 163 pesticide applicators received training necessary to maintain their required pesticide licenses, with 144 earning recertification and 19 applicators earning new certifications. Three Davie County tobacco farmers attended required training to maintain their Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) certification required for tobacco contracts. Extension also provided support for one licensed industrial hemp grower in the county, with more applying for permits to begin production in 2019.

Additionally, 205 field crops producers attended two local field days and an area grain meeting to learn the latest updates, in corn, soybean and grain production. A Feral Swine Task Force Meeting was well attended with 52 local farmers, residents and other government officials meeting to discuss the impact of and management strategies for feral swine on both farms and along the Yadkin River in the county. Finally, 117 livestock producers attended four local training opportunities to enhance production and provide better herd health.

II. County Background

Davie County is located in the upper Piedmont area of North Carolina having a land area of 264 square miles, making it the 16th smallest county in the state. According to the 2010 census, the total county population is 41,420. According to census figures, the county has gone from a single population center to two comparable population centers, one being Mocksville, the county seat, and the other the Hillsdale/Bermuda Run/Advance area. The county population breakdown by race is 87.5 percent white, 6.3 percent African American, 6.1 percent Hispanic or Latino origin, and less than one percent Asian, American Indian and native Hawaiian.

According to the 2010-2014 American Community Survey by the U.S. Census Bureau, the percentage of the county population living below the poverty level is 14.4 percent, compared to 17.6 percent in the state. The median household income is $49,591, and the unemployment rate is 5.1 percent, compared to $46,693 and 6.6 percent for North Carolina.

Approximately 58 percent of the Davie workforce work outside of the county. The three industries serving as the top employers in the county are educational services, including health care and social assistance, manufacturing and retail trade. Davie has seen recent growth in the manufacturing industry attracting new employers, such as Ashley Furniture and Gildan Activewear. Other manufacturers have expanded facilities creating new jobs. A new Davie Medical Center opened in late 2013 creating new jobs and offering a state of the art health care facility for residents. A new high school was completed in 2017 for students to enjoy in the 2017-2018 school year.

According to the 2012 Census of Agriculture, Davie County has 59,618 acres in farms with 640 farms with an average size of 93 acres. Gross sales of agricultural products are just under $25 million annually with approximately 65% from livestock and 35% from crops. The county falls within the Yadkin Valley American Viticultural Area and is home to several vineyards and wineries supporting the tourism industry in the state.

Cooperative Extension staff conducted an environmental scan in 2007 by first working with the Davie County Advisory Leadership Council (ALC) and other Extension advisory leadership groups to develop a list of county issues and needs. The ALC then grouped the list of issues and needs into six categories: Improving Health and Nutrition; Increasing Leadership, Personal Development and Citizenship Skills; Increasing Economic Opportunity and Business Development; Increasing Educational Achievement and Excellence Improving the Agricultural and Food Systems and Environmental Stewardship and Natural Resource Management. Since the 2007 Environmental Scan, Davie County Extension Agents continue to work with different committees that make up the Davie County Advisory Leadership System to help Extension identify current trends, issues and needs.

The North Carolina Cooperative Extension, Davie County Center, will continue to provide educational programming to empower people and provide solutions. Extension provides practical education to help people, businesses, and communities solve problems; develop skills and build a better future. In 2018, Davie County programs will address the following statewide objectives: Healthy Eating, Physical Activity, and Chronic Disease Risk Reduction; School to Career; Profitable and Sustainable Animal Production Systems; Profitable and Sustainable Plant Production Systems; Local Food Systems; Volunteer Readiness; Leadership Development; Natural Resources Conservation and Environmental Sustainability; Safety and Security of Our Food and Farm Systems and Urban and Consumer Agriculture.

III. Objectives to Address the Cooperative Extension Long Range Plan

North Carolina's plant production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.

Value* Outcome Description
57Number of crop (all plant systems) producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
2Number of Extension initiated and controlled County demonstration test sites (new required for GLF/PSI reporting)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
28Number of crop (all plant systems) producers adopting best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
26000Net income gains realized by the adoption of best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
2Number of producers reporting increased dollar returns per acre or reduced costs per acre
3Number of producers reporting reduction in fertilizer used per acre
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

North Carolina's animal production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.

Value* Outcome Description
35Number of animal producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
21Number of animal producers adopting Extension-recommended best management practices, including those practices related to husbandry, improved planning, marketing, and financial practices
45000Net income gains by producers adopting Extension-recommended best management practices, including those practices related to husbandry, improved planning, marketing, and financial practices
22Number of animal producers implementing Extension-recommended best management practices for animal waste management
25000Tons of livestock organic by-products utilized (nutrients from waste, compost, etc)
33000Net income gain by using livestock organic by-products instead of synthetic fertilizers
9Number of waste management certifications gained or maintained due to Extension education efforts
4500Number of acres where Extension-recommended waste analysis was used for proper land application
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Producers will increase sales of food locally to more agriculturally aware consumers through market development, producer and consumer education, and new farmer and infrastructure support.

Value* Outcome Description
27Number of producers who gain skills or knowledge to increase production for local markets.
71Number of adults (including producers, food business owners, etc.) who improved knowledge of local food and agricultural systems.
47Number of children/youth who improved knowledge of local food and agricultural systems.
51Number of individuals who gain knowledge or acquire skills related to vegetable/fruit gardening, and if also reporting under Urban and Consumer Agriculture Objective, divide up the reported number appropriately between the two objectives to avoid duplication.
30Number of producers who improve local food marketing skills or knowledge.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
4Number of new and existing access points for consumers that expand or improve their offering of local fruits and vegetables. Access points include farmers markets, retail stores, school food programs, community gardens, institutions other than schools (e.g. hospitals, universities, etc.), and other systems/access points not noted (e.g. restaurants, etc.).
49Number of producers selling their agricultural products to local markets (direct, intermediated/food service, institutional) for consumption in NC.
8Number of producers who diversified their marketing strategies into local markets (direct, intermediated/food service, institutional).
38Number of producers (and other members of the local food supply chain) who have increased revenue.
6Number of new farms (beginning farmers) selling into local markets for local consumption (in this reporting period).
1Number of new local food value chain businesses, other than farms (in this reporting period).
19Number of individuals who grow food in community gardens.
2202Number of pounds of fresh produce donated for consumption by vulnerable populations.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Agricultural producers, workers, food handlers and consumers will adopt safer food and agricultural production, handling, and distribution practices that reduce workplace and home injuries/illnesses, enhance food security, and increase the quality and safety of food that North Carolinians prepare and consume.

Value* Outcome Description
37Number of commercial/public operators trained
10Number of pesticide application credit hours provided
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
18Number of participants that have adopted farm safety practices
3200Value of number of non-lost work days
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Individuals and groups will acquire leadership and decision making capacities needed to guide and actively participate in local and state organizations.

Value* Outcome Description
3Number of adults increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
2Number of adults assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
6Number of youth increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
4Number of youth assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
4Number of adults increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
3Number of adults assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
4Number of youth increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
3Number of youth assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Youth and adults will address community issues and/or challenges through volunteerism.

Value* Outcome Description
21Number of adult participants acquiring the skills needed to serve as a volunteer
4Number of youth participants reporting aspirations to serve in new or expanded volunteer roles in community
12Number of adult participants reporting aspirations to serve in new or expanded volunteer roles in community
9Number of hours adult volunteer training conducted
5Number of hours youth volunteer training conducted
14Number new volunteers recruited
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
7Increased number of hours contributed by trained youth volunteers
265Increased number of hours contributed by trained adult volunteers
1Number of youth volunteers serving in new or expanded roles within Extension
13Number of adult volunteers serving in new or expanded roles within Extension
4Number of adult volunteers serving in new or expanded roles beyond Extension, including community boards and task forces
10Number of adult volunteers recruiting and/or training new volunteers
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Futures that Work: School to Career Pathways

Value* Outcome Description
11Number of teachers trained in 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum
36Number of high school age youth (students) participating as members of 4-H clubs
3Number of adults increasing knowledge of career/employability skills
6Number of adults increasing knowledge of entrepreneurship
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
36Number of teachers using 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum in their classrooms
3Number of adults gaining career / employability skills
6Number of adults gaining entrepreneurship skills
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

North Carolinians will make decisions and adopt practices that implement effective resource protection and conservation.

Value* Outcome Description
63Number of youth and adults demonstrating increased knowledge of natural resources and environmental issues
23Number of youth willing to participate in conservation actions
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
8Number of participants that adopted recommended climate mitigation practices such as water-use efficiency, livestock production feeding practices, carbon sequestration, reducing carbon or energy footprint.
3000Number of acres under recommended climate mitigation practices such as water-use efficiency, livestock production feeding practices, carbon sequestration, reducing carbon or energy footprint.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Consumers and communities will enhance the value of plants, animals, and landscapes while conserving valuable natural resources and protecting the environment.

Youth and adult program participants will make healthy food choices, achieve the recommended amount of physical activity and reduce risk factors for chronic diseases.

IV. Number of Contacts Made by Extension

Type of ContactNumber
Face-to-face* 8,111
Non face-to-face** 16,276
Total by Extension staff in 2018 24,387
* Face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make directly with individuals through one-on-one visits, meetings, and other activities where staff members work directly with individuals.
** Non face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make indirectly with individuals by telephone, email, newsletters, news articles, radio, television, and other means.

V. Designated Grants Received by Extension

Type of GrantAmount
Contracts/Grants $0.00
Gifts/Donations $12,850.00
In-Kind Grants/Donations $0.00
United Way/Foundations $4,800.00
User Fees $0.00
Total $17,650.00

VI. Volunteer Involvement in Extension Programs

Number of Volunteers* Number of Volunteer Hours Known client contacts by volunteers Dollar Value at 25.43
4-H: 417 2,953 180 $ 75,095.00
Advisory Leadership System: 37 64 62 $ 1,628.00
Extension Community Association: 20 300 4,500 $ 7,629.00
Extension Master Gardener: 23 1,696 475 $ 43,129.00
Other: 104 204 418 $ 5,188.00
Total: 601 5217 5635 $ 132,668.00
* The number of volunteers reflects the overall number of volunteers for multiple events.

VII. Membership of Advisory Leadership System

Advisory Leadership Council
Don Brown
Marissa Brzenski
Larry Campbell
Beth Dixon
Mark Hancock
Eddie Leagans
Richard Poindexter
Mary Nell Richie
Mark Robertson
Shawn Skramstad
Roy Swisher
Gail Waldman
Henry Walker
Sarah Wood
Lynn Yokley
4-H Livestock Committee
Allen Brown
Kathryn Brown
Teresa Cummings
Eunice Gonzalez
Rodolfo Gonzalez
Doug Hefner
Jennifer Hefner
Ricky Karriker
Cindy Karriker
Bud Martin
Lori Martin
Ruth Matthews
Carl Matthews
Lisa Pilcher
Reggie Pilcher
Paul Ratledge
Jennie Rucker
Josh Sell
Cathy Shore
Tommy Shore
Glen Staebner
Leah Thomas
Leanne Thomas
Mark Thomas
Maurice Walker
Sandra Walker
Ashley Wilbanks
Josh Williams
Kristen Williams
Judy Wilson
Rick Wilson
Lynn Yokley
Master Gardener Organization
Rebekah Brown
Carol Carlson
Larry Campbell
Brenda Davis
Beth Dixon
Caro Dose
Annette Walters
4-H and Youth Advisory Committee
Abbie Barbour
Paula Bourne
Melani Harrell
Lynne Hicks
Merit Kirkpatrick
Eddie Leagans
Mary Nell Richie
Shawn Skramstad
Karen Smith
Jeep Wilson
Sarah Wood
Lynn Yokley
Davie County Agricultural Advisory Board
Lynn Yokley
Don Brown
Wade Dyson
Mark Hancock
Eddie Leagans
Steve McMahan
Henry Walker
Lynn Yokley
ECA County Council
Joan Cress
LaTeah Dunn
Jeanne Gilbreth
Doris Jones
Gail Jordan
Linda Owings
Mary Nell Richie
Brenda Rutherford
Margaret Shew
Davie County Cattlemen Board of Directors
Gerald Chaffin
Wade Dyson
Mark Hancock
Eddie Leagans
Joe Shamel
Jeff Smith Sonny Stroud
Roy Swisher
Henry Walker

VIII. Staff Membership

Colleen Church
Title: County Extension Director
Phone: (336) 753-6100
Email: colleen_church@ncsu.edu

Lisa Crowder
Title: County Extension Support Specialist
Phone: (336) 753-6100
Email: lisa_crowder@ncsu.edu

Lauren Greene
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Poultry
Phone: (336) 651-7347
Email: lauren_greene@ncsu.edu

Susan Hawkins
Title: Extension Agent, Agriculture - Horticulture
Phone: (336) 753-6100
Email: smhawkin@ncsu.edu

Marissa Herchler
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Animal Food Safety (FSMA Programs)
Phone: (919) 515-5396
Email: marissa_herchler@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marissa is an Area Specialized Agent for animal food safety, with emphasis on the new Food Safety Modernization Act rules, as they apply to feed mills in North Carolina. Please contact Marissa with any FSMA related questions, or PCQI training inquiries.

Stacey Jones
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Commercial Nursery and Greenhouse
Phone: (704) 920-3310
Email: stacey_jones@ncsu.edu

Peggie Lewis Joyce
Title: Area 4-H Agent - Central Region
Phone: (336) 242-2080
Email: peggie_lewis@ncsu.edu

Bill Lord
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Water Resources
Phone: (919) 496-3344
Email: william_lord@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Water quality education and technical assistance

Craig Mauney
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Commercial Vegetables and Fruits
Phone: (828) 684-3562
Email: craig_mauney@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides educational opportunities, training and technical support to commercial fruit and vegetable growers, agents, and industry in Western NC.

Marsha McGraw
Title: Area Agent, Agriculture - Field Crops
Phone: (336) 753-6100
Email: mlmcgraw@ncsu.edu

Currey Nobles
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9520
Email: canobles@ncsu.edu

Karen Robertson
Title: County Extension Administrative Assistant
Phone: (336) 753-6100
Email: karen_robertson@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Administrative and Agriculture Secretary, Safety Chair for the County.

Elena Rogers
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Food Safety - Fresh Produce Western NC
Phone: (828) 352-2519
Email: elena_rogers@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provide educational programs, training and technical support focusing on fresh produce safety to Agents and growers in Western NC.

Phil Rucker
Title: Area Agent, Agriculture - Livestock
Phone: (336) 753-6100
Email: phil_rucker@ncsu.edu

Mitch Woodward
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Watersheds and Water Quality
Phone: (919) 250-1112
Email: mdwoodwa@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: NC Cooperative Extension's Goals include: - NC's natural resources and environmental quality will be protected, conserved and enhanced. - NC will have profitable, environmentally sustainable plant, animal and food systems. Protecting our environmental resources, particularly drinking water quality, is a top priority in NC. NC Cooperative Extension is a leader in teaching, researching, and accelerating the adoption of effective water quality protection practices.

IX. Contact Information

Davie County Center
180 S Main St
Mocksville, NC 27028

Phone: (336) 753-6100
Fax: (336) 751-1184
URL: http://davie.ces.ncsu.edu