2019 Davie County Program Impact Report

Approved: January 13, 2020

I. Executive Summary

In 2019, the North Carolina Cooperative Extension, Davie County Center, served 12,303 county residents through educational workshops, demonstrations, field days, newsletters and individual consultations. Davie County Extension agents and volunteers delivered 52 educational programs for 229 hours of training to 1,835 participants. During the past year, 778 Extension volunteers made 2,301 contacts and contributed 6,329 hours of volunteer service, valued at $25.43 per hour, for a total economic value of $160,947 in the county. $8,540 in outside funding was also secured to support programs in 2019.

North Carolina has an adult obesity rate of 30% and an adolescent obesity rate of 13% (National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, 2016). In the Steps to Health program, 144 third graders at Cooleemee and William R. Davie Elementary Schools learned how to read food labels, make healthier, more nutritious food choices, and increase their physical activity. A similar, Steps to Health Kid’s Club program, was delivered to 147 youth at four summer meal sites in low income neighborhoods that fall within the urban food desert in the county. Other programs, such as Farm to Table, Jr. Cooking, and Chef and the Child focused on foods and nutrition for youth and taught 44 additional children how to make wise choices and prepare foods.

The Davie 4-H program reached 1,543 youth through school enrichment programs, camps, summer activities and various special interest activities including presentation day, project records, livestock shows and much more. STEM related activities offered through 4-H included Embryology, Beekeeping Camps, Science Camps and Jr. Master Gardener programs that reached 971 youth. The Davie 4-H Shooting Sports Team had a very successful year winning several regional, state and national competitions. Three 4-H clubs with 212 members were maintained for 2019.

In the local foods area, two county farmers markets continued growth offering viable local markets for area producers with Extension’s support. The Davie County Extension Master Gardener Volunteer training was held for six new volunteers. The EMGVs continued their strong outreach in the county creating and maintaining a pollinator garden in the new town park and their annual Jr. Master Gardener Day Camps for youth.

Pesticide use and safety are major issues concerning food safety, environmental quality and personal safety. This year 143 pesticide applicators received training necessary to maintain their required pesticide licenses. A free pesticide collection was also held in Davie receiving 189 containers for a total of 1,572 pounds of pesticides. This prevents potential environmental contamination from these old and unwanted products being illegally disposed of in landfills and by other means.

Extension continues to provide support for licensed industrial hemp growers in the county, whose numbers continue to grow. Davie County currently has ten licensed producers growing in the field and greenhouses.
A three-part, Business of Farming Series, was attended by 33 new, upcoming and current farmers, where they learned about topics including marketing, financing and business operations. Additionally, 51 field crops producers attended an area grain meeting to learn the latest updates, in corn, soybean and grain production. Finally, 104 livestock producers attended four local training opportunities to enhance production and provide better herd health.

II. County Background

Davie County is located in the upper Piedmont area of North Carolina with a land area of 264 square miles. While largely rural, Davie County has a growing suburban population, especially in the eastern portion of the County. The County is conveniently located near I-40, I-77 and I-85 and is within a short drive to Winston-Salem, Greensboro, Charlotte and the scenic Blue Ridge Mountains. According to the most recent U.S. Census, the total county population is 41,420, and the population breakdown by race is 87.5 percent white, 6.3 percent African American, 6.1 percent Hispanic or Latino origin, and less than one percent Asian, American Indian and native Hawaiian.

According to census figures, the County has gone from a single population center to two comparable population centers, one being Mocksville, the county seat, and the other the Hillsdale/Bermuda Run/Advance area. The percentage of the county population living below the poverty level is 14.4 percent, compared to 17.6 percent in the state. The median household income is $49,591, and the unemployment rate is 5.1 percent, compared to $46,693 and 6.6 percent for North Carolina.

Davie County has experienced impressive economic development in recent years and earned a Tier 3 Designation for 2019 in the NC Department of Commerce County Distress Rankings. In fact, according to U.S Labor Bureau Statistics, Davie County led the state in job creation from 2013-2017 with 23 percent job growth, while the state averaged just 8.5 percent during the same time period. The manufacturing industry is the top employer in the county. A new Davie Medical Center opened in late 2013 creating new jobs and offering a state of the art health care facility for residents. A new high school was completed in 2017 for students to enjoy in the 2017-2018 school year, and the former high school is being transformed into an exciting new county park.

According to the 2012 Census of Agriculture, Davie County has 59,618 acres in farms, and 640 farms with an average size of 93 acres. Gross sales of agricultural products are just under $25 million annually with approximately 65% from livestock and 35% from crops. The county falls within the Yadkin Valley American Viticultural Area and is home to several vineyards and wineries supporting the tourism industry in the state.

Extension conducted a statewide needs assessment in 2018. Davie County conducted a needs assessment of community members prior to completing the strategic plan in 2018. Extension utilizes needs assessments, program advisory committees, participant evaluations and feedback, and statistical data sources to identify the needs of citizens and design programming tailored to address those needs.

III. Objectives to Address the Cooperative Extension Long Range Plan

Our family and consumer sciences programs improve the well-being of individuals, families, and communities.

Value* Outcome Description
32Number of adults increasing their knowledge of community resources
32Number of people gaining knowledge and/or skills to increase family economic security (such as; how to access: SNAP benefits, SHIIP Medicare Part D; food cost management, cost comparison skills, shop for reverse mortgages, select long term care insurance, etc.)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Our plant production programs improve production, profitability, and sustainability of the agriculture sector.

Value* Outcome Description
30Number of producers who gain skills or knowledge to increase production for local markets.
25Number of producers who improve local food marketing skills or knowledge.
143Number of pesticide applicators receiving continuing education credits
9Number of pesticide credit hours provided
388Number of crop (all plant systems) producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
1Number of Extension initiated and controlled county demonstration test sites
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
6Number of new farms (beginning farmers) selling into local markets for local consumption (in this reporting period)
25Number of participants that have adopted farm safety practices
22Number of producers reporting reduction in fertilizer used per acre
370Number of crop (all plant systems) producers adopting best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Our animal production programs improve production, profitability, and sustainability of the agriculture sector.

Value* Outcome Description
8Number of producers who improve local food marketing skills or knowledge.
10Number of producers who gain skills or knowledge to increase production for local markets.
35Number of animal producers who increased knowledge of farm business management, business planning, financial management, marketing, or estate planning.
88Number of animal producers who learned how to develop a management plan (i.e. grazing plan, feeding plan, drought plan, business plan, disaster plan, etc.)
98Number of producers who increased knowledge of pasture/forage management practices (field improvement, herbicide management, grazing season extension, weed control, forage quality, haylage production, nitrate testing, etc.)
83Number of producers who increased knowledge of nutrition, ration balancing, mineral supplements, breeding, and reproduction
69Number of producers who increased knowledge of the strategies to promote animal health and welfare and reduce the potential for infectious diseases through proper use of vaccines, biosecurity, detection and identification of common diseases, appropriate use of animal medications, and mitigation of antimicrobial resistance transmission
8Number of producers who increased knowledge of animal waste management practices
25Number of producers who increased knowledge of how to prepare, mitigate, and recover from natural disasters impacting animal agriculture
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
4Number of new farms (beginning farmers) selling into local markets for local consumption (in this reporting period)
8Number of producers (and other members of the local food supply chain) who have increased revenue
8Number of participants that have adopted farm safety practices
10Number of producers adopting extension-recommended practices related to planning, marketing, and financial management
12Number of producers implementing Extension-recommended best management practices for animal waste management
1500Number of acres where Extension-recommended nutrient applications were used
14Number of producers who adopted Extension-recommended best management practices and production changes related to quality assurance (vaccinations, castration, culling techniques, etc.)
14Number of producers who adopted Extension-recommended best management practices and production changes related to genetic improvement (AI, heifer/bull selection)
22Number of producers who adopted Extension-recommended best management practices and production changes related to nutrition (mineral, feed rations)
14Number of producers who adopted Extension-recommended best management practices and production changes related to internal parasite management (fecals, deworming)
32Number of producers who adopted Extension-recommended best management practices related to pasture management
31Number of producers who adopted Extension-recommended best management practices and production changes related to nutrition, ration balancing, mineral supplement, breeding, and reproduction
8Number of producers using improved biosecurity practices
4Number of waste utilization/waste management plans developed or updated
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Our community development programs build strong and thriving communities.

Value* Outcome Description
588Number of participants who improved knowledge of local food and agricultural systems
38Number of adult participants acquiring the skills needed to serve as a volunteer
36Number of participants who increased their awareness, knowledge or skill in business related topics (e.g., management, product development, marketing, business structure options, business law and/or liability)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
3240Value of grants received by organizations, communities, or Extension where Extension was instrumental in initiating, facilitating, or providing technical assistant in the development of the grants to support community or economic development work
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Our 4-H youth development programs grow the skills young people need to succeed in life and career.

Value* Outcome Description
19Number of teachers trained in 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum
971Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
270Total number of female participants in STEM program
39Number of high school age youth (students) participating as members of 4-H clubs
170Number of youth increasing knowledge of life skills
601Number of children/youth who improved knowledge of local food and agricultural systems.
11Number of youth increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
8Number of youth demonstrating increased knowledge of natural resources and environmental issues
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
19Number of teachers using 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum in their classrooms
14Number of youth (students) gaining career / employability skills
5Number of youth (students) gaining entrepreneurship skills
14Number of youth using effective life skills
291Number of youth increasing their physical activity
1Number of youth volunteers serving in new or expanded roles within Extension
1Number of youth volunteers serving in new or expanded roles beyond Extension, including community boards and task forces
1Number of youth assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
291Number of youth increasing their fruit and vegetable consumption
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Our natural resource and environmental programs conserve our precious natural resources and maintain a clean and healthy environment.

Value* Outcome Description
44Number of participants willing to participate in conservation actions (such as rain gardens, wildlife management, conservation easements, land trusts, generational planning, etc.)
8Number of participants increasing their knowledge about best management practices (including storm water systems, septic system maintenance, erosion control, rain gardens, forestry, etc.)
8Number of adults demonstrating increased knowledge of natural resources and environmental issues
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
4Number of participants implementing extension-recommended practices to conserve water use and protect water quality
10Number of participants that adopted recommended agroecosystem mitigation practices such as water-use efficiency, livestock production feeding practices, carbon sequestration, reducing carbon or energy footprint.
250Number of acres under recommended agroecosystem mitigation practices such as water-use efficiency, livestock production feeding practices, carbon sequestration, reducing carbon or energy footprint.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Our consumer horticulture programs teach families and communities about environmentally friendly methods for gardening and controlling pests.

Value* Outcome Description
40Number of individuals who gain knowledge or acquire skills related to vegetable/fruit gardening
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
1Number of individuals who grow food in community gardens.
1Number of individuals who begin home food production by starting a vegetable and/or fruit garden
216Number of participants who use extension-recommended best management practices in landscapes, turf, and gardens, including pest (insect, weed, disease, wildlife) and soil management
22Number of participants selecting appropriate landscape plants (adapted, drought tolerant, appropriate size, etc.)
40Number of participants growing food for home consumption
2Number of participants adopting composting
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Our food safety and nutrition programs create a safer and more sustainable food supply and improve the health and nutrition of individuals, families, and our communities.

Value* Outcome Description
70Number of participants who increase their knowledge of safe home food handling, preservation, or preparation practices
70Number of individuals who learn how to prepare local foods, including through use of home food preservation techniques.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
1Number of new and existing access points for consumers that expand or improve their offering of local fruits and vegetables. Access points include farmers markets, retail stores, school food programs, community gardens, institutions other than schools (e.g. hospitals, universities, etc.), and other systems/access points not noted (e.g. restaurants, etc.).
5Number of adults increasing their fruit and vegetables consumption
296Number of participants increasing their physical activity
3000Number of pounds of local food donated for consumption by vulnerable populations
5Number of participants who consume less sodium in their diet
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

IV. Number of Contacts Made by Extension

Type of ContactNumber
Face-to-face* 5,484
Non face-to-face** 167,217
Total by Extension staff in 2019 172,701
* Face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make directly with individuals through one-on-one visits, meetings, and other activities where staff members work directly with individuals.
** Non face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make indirectly with individuals by telephone, email, newsletters, news articles, radio, television, and other means.

V. Designated Grants Received by Extension

Type of GrantAmount
Contracts/Grants $0.00
Gifts/Donations $4,650.00
In-Kind Grants/Donations $0.00
United Way/Foundations $3,890.00
User Fees $0.00
Total $8,540.00

VI. Volunteer Involvement in Extension Programs

Number of Volunteers* Number of Volunteer Hours Known client contacts by volunteers Dollar Value at 25.43
4-H 423 3078 878 $ 78,274.00
Advisory Leadership System 69 113 181 $ 2,874.00
Extension Community Association 84 624 156 $ 15,868.00
Extension Master Gardener 58 1919 583 $ 48,800.00
Other: Agriculture 68 179 480 $ 4,552.00
Other: Community, Family & Individual Development 76 416 23 $ 10,579.00
Total: 778 6329 2301 $ 160,946.00
* The number of volunteers reflects the overall number of volunteers for multiple events.

VII. Membership of Advisory Leadership System

Advisory Leadership Council
Marissa Brzenski
Larry Campbell
Beth Dixon
Mark Hancock
Cindy Hendricks
Teresa Johnson
Eddie Leagans
Edgar Miller
Richard Poindexter
Mary Nell Richie
Mark Robertson
Shawn Skramstad
Roy Swisher
Gail Waldman
Henry Walker
Sarah Wood
Lynn Yokley
4-H Livestock Committee
Allen Brown
Kathryn Brown
Teresa Cummings
Jarret Elliott
Eunice Gonzalez
Rodolfo Gonzalez
Doug Hefner
Jennifer Hefner
Jesse Ledbetter
Bud Martin
Lori Martin
Ruth Matthews
Carl Matthews
Paul Ratledge
Jennie Rucker
Anna Sanner
Josh Sell
Cathy Shore
Tommy Shore
Leah Thomas
Leanne Thomas
Mark Thomas
Maurice Walker
Sandra Walker
Ashley Wilbanks
Josh Williams
Kristen Williams
Judy Wilson
Rick Wilson
Elizabeth Yokley-Krige
Lynn Yokley
Extension Master Gardener Volunteer Association Board of Directors
Larry Campbell
Brenda Davis
Beth Dixon
Linda Doby
Elizabeth Flynn
Frank Foster
Mark Holshouser
Cinde Rinn
Annette Walters
4-H and Youth Advisory Committee
Melani Harrell
Lynne Hicks
Merit Kirkpatrick
Eddie Leagans
Mary Nell Richie
Shawn Skramstad
Karen Smith
Jeep Wilson
Sarah Wood
Lynn Yokley
Davie County Agricultural Advisory Board
Bob Crews
Mark Hancock
Eddie Leagans
Steve McMahan
Holly Miller
Justin Miller
Henry Walker
Lynn Yokley
ECA County Council
Sharrie Campbell
LaTeah Dunn
Jeanne Gilbreth
Doris Hinsdale
Linda Owings
Mary Nell Richie
Brenda Rutherford
Margaret Shew
Davie-Yadkin Cattlemen's Association Board of Directors
John Brewer
Mark Hancock
Nathan Ireland
Eddie Leagans
Kim Matthews
Jayne Spaugh
Luke Storie
Roy Swisher
Stacy Walker

VIII. Staff Membership

Colleen Church
Title: County Extension Director
Phone: (336) 753-6100
Email: colleen_church@ncsu.edu

Lisa Crowder
Title: County Extension Support Specialist
Phone: (336) 753-6100
Email: lisa_crowder@ncsu.edu

Marti Day
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Dairy
Phone: (919) 542-8202
Email: marti_day@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Responsible for educational programs for dairy farmers, youth with an interest in dairy projects and the general public with an interest in dairy foods and the dairy industry.

Lauren Greene
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Poultry
Phone: (336) 651-7347
Email: lauren_greene@ncsu.edu

Susan Hawkins
Title: Extension Agent, Agriculture - Horticulture
Phone: (336) 753-6100
Email: smhawkin@ncsu.edu

Marissa Herchler
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Animal Food Safety (FSMA Programs)
Phone: (919) 515-5396
Email: marissa_herchler@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marissa is an Area Specialized Agent for animal food safety, with emphasis on the new Food Safety Modernization Act rules, as they apply to feed mills in North Carolina. Please contact Marissa with any FSMA related questions, or PCQI training inquiries.

Stacey Jones
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Commercial Nursery and Greenhouse
Phone: (704) 920-3310
Email: stacey_jones@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: I work with commercial greenhouses and nurseries to help them with growing related issues. These issues range from pests (insect, disease, and weeds), substrates, nutrition, and other miscellaneous topics.

Peggie Lewis Joyce
Title: Area 4-H Agent - Central Region
Phone: (336) 242-2080
Email: peggie_lewis@ncsu.edu

Danny Lough
Title: Extension Agent, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (336) 753-6100
Email: danny_lough@ncsu.edu

Craig Mauney
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Commercial Vegetables and Fruits
Phone: (828) 684-3562
Email: craig_mauney@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides educational opportunities, training and technical support to commercial fruit and vegetable growers, agents, and industry in Western NC. (My office is located at the Mountain Horticulture Crops Research and Extension Center not the Henderson County Extension Center as is noted by IT on this website. Please do not contact the Henderson County Extension Center as I am not located there.)

Marsha McGraw
Title: Area Agent, Agriculture - Field Crops
Phone: (336) 753-6100
Email: mlmcgraw@ncsu.edu

Ashley Robbins
Title: Area Specialized Agent - Dairy
Phone: (919) 542-8203
Email: ashley_robbins@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marti Day and I are the Area Specialized Dairy Agents - the county-based arm of the Cooperative Extension Dairy Team. We are out here in the counties to help you set and reach your farm, family and business goals. We have collaborative expertise in the areas of Waste Management, Udder Health, Cow Comfort, Nutrition and Forage Management with specialties in (Ashley)Reproduction, Records Management, Animal Health and (Marti)Alternative Markets, Organic Dairy, Grazing Management, and On-farm Processing. We hope to provide comprehensive educational programs for our farmers, consumers and youth for every county across the state. We are here for you by phone, email or text and look forward to working with you!

Karen Robertson
Title: County Extension Administrative Assistant
Phone: (336) 753-6100
Email: karen_robertson@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Administrative and Agriculture Secretary, Safety Chair for the County.

Elena Rogers
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Food Safety - Fresh Produce Western NC
Phone: (828) 352-2519
Email: elena_rogers@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provide educational programs, training and technical support focusing on fresh produce safety to Agents and growers in Western NC.

Phil Rucker
Title: Area Agent, Agriculture - Livestock
Phone: (336) 753-6100
Email: phil_rucker@ncsu.edu

Mitch Woodward
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Watersheds and Water Quality
Phone: (919) 414-3873
Email: mdwoodwa@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: NC Cooperative Extension's Goals include: - NC's natural resources and environmental quality will be protected, conserved and enhanced. - NC will have profitable, environmentally sustainable plant, animal and food systems. Protecting our environmental resources, particularly drinking water quality, is a top priority in NC. NC Cooperative Extension is a leader in teaching, researching, and accelerating the adoption of effective water quality protection practices.

IX. Contact Information

Davie County Center
180 S Main St
Mocksville, NC 27028

Phone: (336) 753-6100
Fax: (336) 751-1184
URL: http://davie.ces.ncsu.edu