2017 Durham County Program Impact Report

Approved: February 17, 2018

I. Executive Summary

Durham Extension is pleased to report that with the support of our local government and university system, an extensive network of collaborators, partners and networks, we acquired approximately two million dollars in non-county and university financial, material and human support. Through its “integrated system of service” Durham Cooperative Extension provides traditional Extension services as well as nontraditional services. Among the nontraditional services is our Coordinated Transportation program which focuses on transportation for persons who are elderly, have a disability or are considered transportation disadvantaged. These services are used for medical appointments, work related activities and serve to keep the elderly connected and in their homes. 

Our Community Outreach focuses not only on the academic success of our children through increased parental involvement, but also on youthful civic involvement/engagement sustained in part through our Kids Voting programming in the community and public schools. Durham’s Community Outreach also focus on building capacity of human and struggling nonprofit organizations to provide quality services and take responsibility for their own destiny.

Project Build and its intervention team utilizes a research based model to provide direct prevention and intervention services to youth who are susceptible to becoming gang involved. This highly successful program receives local and national recognition for the positive difference it is making in the lives of at-risk youth and their families. 

Welcome Baby our final unique Durham Extension Program served over 3,000 families with children between the ages of 0-5 years. Through this program we distributed car seats and cribs for kids, educational supplies, clothes and food. Welcome Baby’s education and training included research based classes, i.e. Incredible Years, Mother Reads, Safe Sleep Education, etc. 

Access to nutritional foods, the elimination of “food deserts”, and distribution of locally grown food is a priority of Durham’s Briggs Avenue Community Garden and Durham’s Horticultural Agent. In 2017 we expanded the Agriculture department with a 100% county funded Small Farms Extension Agent position to serve the needs of small farmers and agribusiness needs in Durham County. The department also gained an Agriculture Program Technician to focus on serving the needs of our growing Master Gardner program and 4-H.

Our 4H programming exposes youth to leadership, educational and career opportunities. It attracts a diversity of youth that is representative of the diversity of the county. The internal and external networking, collaboration and partnerships of Durham Extension has increased the depth and breadth of our impacts and makes true our local motto that “we provide services that encompasses the entire spectrum of a human life from before inception to the planning of ones’ end of life”. Durham County Cooperative Extension staff continues to give voice, prospective, and engagement through our presence on numerous boards, committees, task forces and planning teams; locally, district-wide, statewide and nationally.

II. County Background

Durham County, one of North Carolina's major urban cities comprises 299 square miles. The county has a current population estimated at 294,460 individuals with a racial makeup of 53% White; 38.6% Black or African American; 4.9% Asian; and 13.4% Hispanic or Latino. The percentage of Black, Asian and Hispanic/Latino are significantly above the state average.

There are over 128,817 housing units in Durham County consisting of over 111,276 households. Durham has a 55% home ownership and 34.5% housing units in multi-unit structures. It is estimated that seven percent of Durham's population is under five years old, 22% is under 18 years old and 65% are 65 years or older. Females out number males at a rate of 52.1% compared to 47.9%. The demographics show that the number of households with children under the age of 18, married couples living together, female heads of households and those with someone living alone who are 65 years of age or older continues to increase. Eighteen and one half percent (18.5%) of the population of the county lives in poverty, even though the median estimated household income is $51,853.

Durham is known as the City of Medicine, USA, with healthcare as a major industry. The county has more than 300 medical and health-related companies and medical practices. The other major industries of the county are: educational services, industry machinery and equipment and local government. Research Triangle Park is located within Durham County. In addition to Duke and North Carolina Central University, Durham is the home of the NC School of Science and Math, Durham Technical Community College, many private schools and Durham Public Schools, the seventh largest school district in the state.

Durham County Government's Strategic Plan “Steering the Way” is focused on aligning it with a “Results Based Management System” of operation and accountability. The five goals of Durham County are:
1. Community and Family Prosperity and Enrichment
a. Provide access to educational, vocational, economic and cultural opportunities
b. Empower citizens to select strategies that improve their quality of life
2. Health and Well-Being for All
a. Improve the quality of life through prevention, behavioral and physical care services
b. Reduce barriers to access services
3. Safe and Secure Community
a. Partner with the community to prevent and address unsafe conditions, protect life and property and respond to emergencies
4. Environmental Stewardship
a. Protect our environment through planned growth, conservation, preservation, enhancement and restoration of our natural and built resources
5. Accountable, Efficient and Visionary Government
a. An effective organization committed to the pursuit of excellence through: collaborative leadership, exceptional customer service, innovation, transparency and fiscal responsibility

Durham County Cooperative Extension Service, Durham County Government and the North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service College of Agriculture and Life Science all have the same goals and missions, though worded differently. As Durham Extension works to meet the goals of the county and produce impacts and outcomes to share with its citizenry and stakeholders, we will be meeting the goals of the North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences. We are fortunate that neither can be successful without the other being successful. The results is a solid network of support, partnerships and collaboration.
The priorities of the county are supported and further validated by Extension's surveys, evaluations and internal data assessment. Durham County Extension is valued as a source of quality research-based education which serves to provide individuals with the skills and knowledge to improve the quality of life for themselves, their families and the community.

III. Objectives to Address the Cooperative Extension Long Range Plan

North Carolina's plant production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.
North Carolina's agricultural crops industry makes major contributions to local communities and the state’s economy. In 2014, the estimated farm gate value of crops was $4.72 billion, placing NC as the 17th largest in the nation. North Carolina is one of the most diversified agriculture states in the nation. The state's 50,200 farmers grow over 80 different commodities, utilizing 8.4 million of the state's 31 million acres to furnish consumers a dependable and affordable supply of food and fiber. Tobacco remains one of the state's most predominant farm commodities. North Carolina produces more tobacco and sweet potatoes than any other state and ranks second in Christmas tree cash receipts. The state also produces a significant amount of cucumbers for pickles, lima beans, turnip greens, collard greens, mustard greens, strawberries, bell peppers, blueberries, chili peppers, fresh market cucumbers, snap beans, cabbage, eggplant, watermelons, pecans, peaches, squash, apples, sweet corn, tomatoes, and grapes. There is continual technological change and the relative profitability of individual farm enterprises changes over time; therefore, farmers must respond by modifying their farming operations. Changes in consumer demand create new opportunities for producers. Growth in alternative forms of agriculture will include, among others, organic and niche market production. Educational and training programs for producers of plant agricultural products and services will enhance their ability to achieve financial and lifestyle goals and to enhance economic development locally, regionally and statewide.
Producers will increase sales of food locally to more agriculturally aware consumers through market development, producer and consumer education, and new farmer and infrastructure support.
Farmers will increase their capacity to supply product for local food sales through market planning efforts, producer and consumer education, beginning farmer training programs and local market infrastructure development. The fastest growing area of consumer demand in agriculture continues to be organic. Farmers' markets continue to expand as do multiple efforts in local sustainable agriculture. Nationally, "Buy Local, Buy Fresh" movements have emerged in the face of concerns about the risks involved in long distance transportation of industrialized food production. Increasingly, public officials and business leaders see promotion of local farm products as good public policy and local economic development. Additionally, individuals will learn to supplement their current diet by growing their own fruits and vegetables as individuals or as community groups.
Value* Outcome Description
28Number of producers who gain skills or knowledge to increase production for local markets.
183Number of adults (including producers, food business owners, etc.) who improved knowledge of local food and agricultural systems.
69Number of children/youth who improved knowledge of local food and agricultural systems.
28Number of individuals who learn how to prepare local foods, including through use of home food preservation techniques.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
18Number of producers who diversified their marketing strategies into local markets (direct, intermediated/food service, institutional).
8Number of new farms (beginning farmers) selling into local markets for local consumption (in this reporting period).
85Number of individuals who grow food in community gardens.
2625Number of pounds of local foods donated for consumption by vulnerable populations.
66Number of youth who grow food in school gardens.
56Number of individuals who begin home food production by starting a vegetable and/or fruit garden, and if also reporting under Urban and Consumer Horticulture Objective, divide up the reported number appropriately between the two objectives to avoid duplication.
8Number of individuals who begin home food production by starting to raise backyard livestock.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Agricultural producers, workers, food handlers and consumers will adopt safer food and agricultural production, handling, and distribution practices that reduce workplace and home injuries/illnesses, enhance food security, and increase the quality and safety of food that North Carolinians prepare and consume.
Training and educational programs for farmers, agricultural workers, food handlers, and consumers will provide research-based programming, materials, information and expertise to compel these individuals to implement practices relating to the overall safety and security for the food supply and farming systems. Components of this include on-farm, packinghouse, and transportation management, retail and food service establishments, and consumer’s homes. Therefore targeted audiences include farmers and agricultural workers and their families, food handlers and workers (both amateur and commercial), transporters, processors, business operators, food service and retail staff, supervisors of any food facility, long term care facility staff and individuals who purchase, prepare and serve food in their homes. With an estimated 76 million foodborne illnesses annually, costing an estimated $1.4 trillion, food safety highlights a specific area of risk to be addressed by Cooperative Extension. The recent produce-related foodborne illness outbreaks have brought public attention to a problem that has been increasing nationally for the last ten years. The issues of foodborne illness and food safety pose immediate risks for farmers affecting the areas of economics, consumer demand, and market access. Because no processing or kill steps are involved with produce that is typically eaten raw, the best measures to limit microorganisms and fresh produce related illness are to prevent microbes from contaminating the product. Practices like Good Agricultural Practices (GAPs), Good Handling Practices (GHPs), and Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points (HACCP) represent a systematic preventive approach to food safety, protecting agricultural products as they move from farm to retail and restaurants and finally to families. While there is currently no legal requirements for growers to implement GAPs, buyers have responded to the public concern by requiring their produce growers to adhere to current guidelines and possibly even require GAPs certification. The main areas of concern incorporate production, harvesting, packing, and transporting produce in the areas of water quality, manure management, domestic and wildlife management, worker health and hygiene, transportation, traceability, and documentation. For North Carolina growers to be competitive and produce safe product, it is important that they gain knowledge about and implement food safety programs that minimize physical, chemical and biological hazards Food safety risks do not stop at primary production. As risks associated with pathogens can occur at many junctions between primary production and consumption, food safety is a truly farm-to-fork issue. The World Health Organization and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have defined 5 factors that lead to foodborne illness outbreaks: Inadequate cooking or processing procedures; improper storage and holding temperatures, cross-contamination between potentially contaminated raw materials and ready-to-eat foods (either directly or through poor sanitation); and poor implementation of personal hygiene practices. The preventative steps targeting risk reduction taken at each of the components making up the food supply chain are critical in preventing food-borne illness. Educational programs including ServSAFE, School HACCP workshops, food safety at childcare and senior centers, and targeted farm-to-fork food safety inclusion for all food handlers is necessary for important for advances in knowledge and implementation of preventative programs. Equally important is that families and children have a secure food supply. Hunger in American households has risen by 43 percent over the last five years, according to an analysis of US Department of Agriculture (USDA) data released in the report "Household Food Security in the United States, 2004." The analysis, completed by the Center on Hunger and Poverty at Brandeis University, shows that more than 7 million people have joined the ranks of the hungry since 1999. The USDA report says that 38.2 million Americans live in households that suffer directly from hunger and food insecurity, including nearly 14 million children. That figure is up from 31 million Americans in 1999. Limited-resource, socially disadvantaged and food-insecure individuals, families and communities will be provided with information and opportunities to enhance household food, diet and nutritional security. Agriculture is one of the most hazardous industries in the United States, and consistently ranks as the first, second or third most deadly industry along with mining and construction. Agriculture is unique in that the work and home place are often the same, exposing both workers and family members to hazards. In the United States on average each year, there are 700 deaths and 140,000 injuries to those who work in agriculture, defined as farming, forestry and fishing. Farmers, farmworkers and their families are at high risk for fatal and nonfatal injuries (primarily from tractor roll-overs, machinery entanglements, and animal handling incidents), musculo-skeletal conditions, work-related lung diseases, noise-induced hearing loss, heat stress and heat stroke, pesticide exposure and illness, skin diseases, behavioral health issues, and certain cancers associated with chemical use and prolonged sun exposure. The health and safety of migrant and seasonal farmworkers are complicated by other conditions such as infectious disease, hypertension, and diabetes, as well as cultural and language barriers. Farmers and farmworkers alike are subject to lack of access to health care. Agricultural injury and illness are costly, with total US annual costs reaching $4.5 billion and per farm costs equaling $2,500, or 15% of net income. Median health care coverage for farm families is $6,000 per year. In North Carolina, 27% of farm families do not have health insurance, while 29% of farmers do not have health insurance. Many others have health care coverage with high annual deductibles and high premiums. Agromedicine is a comprehensive, collaborative approach involving both agricultural and health scientists to develop solutions addressing the health and safety issues of the agricultural community through research, education and outreach. The North Carolina Agromedicine Institute, a partnership of NC State University, NC A&T State University and East Carolina University in collaboration with others, develops and evaluates effective programs to reduce injury and illness in agriculture, forestry and fishing. One such program is called Certified Safe Farm (CSF) and AgriSafe. CSF and AgriSafe were first developed and researched in Iowa. CSF and AgriSafe are being adapted to North Carolina agriculture by the NC Agromedicine Institute and its Cooperative Extension collaborators. Certified Safe Farm combines AgriSafe health services (wellness and occupational health screenings and personal protection equipment selection and fit services) conducted by trained AgriSafe health providers, on-farm safety reviews conducted by trained Extension agents, and community education and outreach to achieve safety and health goals established by participating farmers and their employees and families. Insurance incentives and safety equipment cost-share programs for participating farmers are still being developed. Other ongoing educational programs addressing agricultural health and safety include farm safety days for children, youth, or families, employee hands-on farm safety training, the National Safe Tractor and Machinery Operation Program for youth, and youth ATV operator safety certification programs.
Value* Outcome Description
11Number of food service employees receiving ServSafe certification
11Number of participants trained in safe home food handling, preservation, or preparation practices
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
33Number of participants implementing ServSafe
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Individuals and groups will acquire leadership and decision making capacities needed to guide and actively participate in local and state organizations.
Leadership is important to every level of a community sharing in the creation of wealth and well-being. Youth and adult leaders must be capable of motivating groups to achieve common goals that impact North Carolina families and communities.They will need the confidence and skill to guide and support North Carolina community and state organizations. Citizens participating in the 2007 NC Tomorrow survey denoted the importance of leadership by clearly requesting leadership training (54%), social advising, community advising and technical assistance (45%)from their university system.
Value* Outcome Description
98Number of adults increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
98Number of adults assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
181Number of youth increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
80Number of youth assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
150Number of adults increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
115Number of adults assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
92Number of youth increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
92Number of youth assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Youth and adults will address community issues and/or challenges through volunteerism.
Youth and adult volunteers in North Carolina contribute thousands of hours each year to strengthen communities and create strong foundations for the future. As these individuals engage in service, they are gaining new skills, generating new programs to serve their communities, building successful organizations, and fostering an ethic of service. Cooperative Extension is poised to support the development of interpersonal skills, leadership experiences, and content knowledge to ensure that citizens are prepared to engage in meaningful service throughout the lifespan. Current research suggests that youth and adult participation positively impacts civic engagement and contributes to the development of leadership capacities. With its presence in every county, Cooperative Extension is uniquely positioned to contribute to building a stronger ethic of service among youth and adults.
Value* Outcome Description
123Number of adult participants acquiring the skills needed to serve as a volunteer
7Number of youth participants reporting aspirations to serve in new or expanded volunteer roles in community
121Number of adult participants reporting aspirations to serve in new or expanded volunteer roles in community
31Number new volunteers recruited
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
135Increased number of hours contributed by trained youth volunteers
210Increased number of hours contributed by trained adult volunteers
121Number of adult volunteers recruiting and/or training new volunteers
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Community members, organizations and local government will engage in collaborative dialog and decision-making to build economically, socially and environmentally resilient communities. This will be done through inclusive engagement, partnership building, and/or community planning.
Throughout North Carolina, communities that come together to collaboratively address issues and/or interests are enhancing the community's quality of life and its economic, social and environmental resiliency. The state's growing population and economy is producing significant changes in its communities and in some cases resulting in the emergence of new communities. The perspectives, capacity and skills of all community members are essential to aligning community decisions and actions with local needs, assets and priorities. NC Cooperative Extension has an important role in engaging and supporting the ongoing work of citizens, organizations, and communities in decision-making, and strategic dialog to influence positive public policy, foster development of partnerships, create empowered communities, be prepared to address the high potential for natural and human-caused disasters.
Value* Outcome Description
19Number of participants increasing knowledge and skills in convening and leading inclusive, representative groups (including limited resources, new resident, or immigrant groups) for evidence based community development
42Number of participants developing skills in leading community, economic, and/or disaster planning and change
42Number of participants who increased their awareness, knowledge or skill in business related topics (e.g., management, product development, marketing, business structure options, business law and/or liability)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
2Number of local food councils in which Extension is involved
6Number of participants who report new or expanded leadership roles and opportunities undertaken
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Parents and caregivers will effectively use recommended parenting, self care practices and community resources.
North Carolina communities are only as strong and viable as the families that reside there. To create and maintain viable communities where children and youth succeed and the elderly are protected and cared for parents and caregivers need knowledge and skills that build their capacity to function effectively and carryout their responsibilities. They need to be equipped to: 1) foster positive parent-child relationships, 2) address anti-social behavior with appropriate disciplinary techniques, 3) implement positive role modeling, child monitoring and supervision strategies and 4) prevent practices that lead to the abuse and neglect of children. State data suggest that strengthening parenting skills could serve as an asset to families and communities. Risk and needs assessment data on 46,041 youth involved in NC courts found that 59% of the youth had problems in school, 40% had relationships with peers associated with gangs and delinquent behavior, 40% had parents who were either unable or unwilling to supervise them, and 68% had parents with either marginal or inadequate supervision skills. A large percentage of NC working families with children under six (63.34%) must rely on child care services. Child care practitioner education and training is key to providing quality childcare. Family members provide care to a rapidly growing aging population that could double, reaching 2.8 million in the next two decades. A majority of elderly North Carolinians suffer from multiple chronic illnesses. Caregiver demands can trigger health problems, financial and emotional stress. Families who provide care and support for elderly family members also need skills to succeed with less stress and financial burden and need to be linked to community resources that provide support for the care and maintenance of elderly family members.
Value* Outcome Description
183Number of youth and adults increasing knowledge of life skills (such as goal setting, stress management, self-care and healthy relationships)
182Number of adults increasing their knowledge of community resources
138Number of adults and professionals increasing their knowledge of human development over the life course and emerging best practices in parenting and caregiving
83Number of parents and other caregivers of children increasing their knowledge of positive parenting practices (such as communication and discipline)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
151Number of youth and adults using effective life skills (such as goal setting, stress management, self-care and healthy relationships)
268Number of adults increasing their use of identified community resources
95Number of professionals using learned best practices with children/youth/adults/older adults
50Number of parents/other caregivers of children adopting positive parenting practices (such as communication and discipline)
5Number of professionals granted CEUs, certifications, or other work- or volunteer-related credentials
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Adults and youth will apply financial management practices to increase their economic security, which include to: meet basic necessities, increase savings, reduce debt, and build long-term assets.
North Carolina families are experiencing financial distress. A slowing state economy with depressed incomes, rising interest rates, housing and medical costs and increased living expenses for gasoline and food have strained household budgets. NC households (21%) lack access to enough food for an active healthy life for all household members. Families forced into home insecurity in the state reached 47% because of the inability to pay their rent or increased mortgage payments. Foreclosure starts increased 154% between the third quarter of 2006 and first quarter 2010 with projections of increases in foreclosures through 2012. The loss of housing as a primary asset hurts the family emotionally, psychologically and economically and impacts property values and tax revenue in communities. To avoid negative financial outcomes families need skills to develop and execute spending plans to better manage income to cover monthly living expenses, to evaluate, select and manage financial products, and to increase and protect family assets. Eighteen percent (18%) or 1 out of 5 households are asset poor and lack sufficient net worth to subsist at the poverty level for three months without a job or source of support. Due to inadequate savings 1 out of 3 households reported using credit cards to cover basic living expenses, including rent, mortgage payments, groceries, utilities and insurance. Credit card debt and changes in interest rate policies have forced many families to become delinquent on credit repayment. Families nationwide also report feeling that they have inadequate savings for emergencies, educating their children and retirement. Skills that help families develop and implement debt repayment strategies, make sound consumer decisions to avoid scams and frauds, like predatory lending and identity theft, and create and implement plans to achieve short-term and long-term financial goals like acquiring a home, saving for retirement and education and emergency funds can help families recover from poor financial management practices and become more financially secure. In the context of “the Great Recession” and high unemployment (10.4% North Carolina; 9% National (October 2011)) families need knowledge and skills to access information and programs that support family economic security during periods of unemployment, under-employment and/or retirement.
Value* Outcome Description
138Number of people gaining basic financial management knowledge and/or skills (such as; budgeting, record keeping, goal setting, writing goals, consumer decision-making)
116Number of people gaining knowledge and/or skills in managing financial products and financial identity (such as; credit, debt management, identify theft, credit reports and scores, scams, banking skills)
111Number of people gaining knowledge and/or skills to increase family assets (such as; home ownership, Individual Development Accounts (IDAs), estate planning (including Grandma’s Yellow Pie Plate), savings and investments, retirement planning)
113Number of people gaining knowledge and/or skills to protect family assets (such as; foreclosure prevention, insurance, implementing a financial document protection strategy against natural disasters, bankruptcy prevention, etc.)
116Number of people gaining knowledge and/or skills to increase family economic security (such as; how to access: SNAP benefits, SHIIP Medicare Part D; food cost management, cost comparison skills, shop for reverse mortgages, select long term care insurance, etc.)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
116Number of people implementing basic financial management strategies (such as; developing a budget, keeping records, etc.)
116Number of people actively managing their financial accounts and financial identity (such as; obtaining credit reports, choosing among credit products, implementing identity theft safeguards, opening or selecting bank accounts, etc.)
44Number of people accessing financial products and programs recognized as vehicles for wealth accumulation
42Number people implementing risk management strategies (such as; seeking HUD or other housing counseling, accessing federal or state programs to address the issue, comparing among and selecting insurance coverage, financial preparation for disasters)
97Number of people accessing programs and implementing strategies to support family economic well-being
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Futures that Work: School to Career Pathways
We are living in a new economy powered by technology, fueled by information and driven by knowledge. Extension programs provide opportunities for youth and adults to improve their level of education and increase their skills that enable them to be competitive in our global society and workforce.
Value* Outcome Description
11Number of teachers trained in 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum
1708Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
886Total number of female participants in STEM program
21Number of high school age youth (students) participating as members of 4-H clubs
101Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge of career/employability skills
4Number of adults increasing knowledge of career/employability skills
6Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge of entrepreneurship
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
11Number of teachers using 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum in their classrooms
1708Number of youth (students) gaining knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
105Number of youth (students) gaining career / employability skills
4Number of adults gaining career / employability skills
6Number of youth (students) gaining entrepreneurship skills
4Number of adults gaining entrepreneurship skills
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Consumers and communities will enhance the value of plants, animals, and landscapes while conserving valuable natural resources and protecting the environment.
Residential, commercial and public entities will make decisions regarding plant selection, placement and management that will decrease water consumption, preserve and improve water quality, mitigate storm water contaminants, reduce erosion, energy consumption, and greenwaste, expand wildlife habitat, improve real estate value, and improve diet and nutrition of consumers. The horse and "farmer lifestyle" industry will continue to grow and have an increasing impact on North Carolina's economy, while protecting the environment. The NCDA&CS reports that 65,000 horse producers own over 225,000 horses which annually generates over $704 million of gross revenue from training, showing, boarding and breeding establishments in addition to agri-business sales of horse-related products. The total economic impact of the NC green industry is $8.6 billion, involving 151,982 employees, and 120,741 acres of production (Green Industry Council, 2006). North Carolina residential consumers spend $5.9 billion dollars per year on garden and landscape related expenses (Green Industry Council, 2006). For 2007, North Carolina's population is estimated to be 8,968,800 (LINC). The population grew by 1,323,288 (15%), between 1997 and 2007 and it is projected to grow by another 1,330,055 (13%), over the next ten years (LINC). Over 50% of the population now lives in urban areas. Despite evidence of the ecological and financial benefits, environmentally responsible landscaping strategies are not being implemented widely. Renovating a landscape to incorporate water conserving strategies may result in using 36% less water. Urban water run-off accounts for the majority of water pollution, mostly pesticides and fertilizers, that does not come from a specific industrial source. Selection of well-adapted plants, effective pest management, and appropriate care and feeding of plants will greatly reduce dependence on fertilizers and pesticides. Rain water that is not absorbed by the soil becomes erosive storm water runoff, which transports pollutants such as fertilizer, pesticides, sediment, motor oil, litter, and animal waste to local streams and rivers. Landscape designs will include rain gardens and other runoff catchment facilities (underground cisterns, etc.) that are attractive and easy to maintain in residential areas. Homeowners will learn that proper plant selection and placement can reduce winter heating bills by as much as 15% and summer cooling bills by as much as 50 percent, while reducing the need to prune over-sized plants. Wild habitat areas are rapidly being converted into housing and commercial properties, displacing native plants and animals. Choosing native or adapted plants that provide food and shelter creates a haven for butterflies, birds, lizards, and other animals. Edible landscaping can increase the amount and expand the variety of fresh fruits and vegetables consumed.
Value* Outcome Description
2673Number of participants improving knowledge, attitude, skills and aspirations regarding gardening and landscape practices including plant selection and placement, turfgrass management, soil management, growing food, water conservation and water quality preservation, storm water and erosion management, green waste management, pest and wildlife management
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
1055Number of participants who use extension-recommended best management practices in landscapes, turf, and gardens, including pest (insect, weed, disease) management, fertility management, water conservation, water quality preservation and pruning techniques
12000Total cost savings from the use of extension-recommended best management practices in landscapes, turf, and gardens, including pest (insect, weed, disease) management, fertility management, water conservation, water quality preservation and pruning techniques
135Number of participants who use extension-recommended pest management practices in homes, public facilities, businesses or in community pest management programs
12000Cost savings from using extension-recommended pest management practices in homes, public facilities, businesses or in community pest management programs
2550Cost savings from the appropriate selection of landscape plants
297Number of participants growing food for home consumption
10000Value of produce grown for home consumption
130Number of participants adopting composting
64Number of participants implementing extension-recommended practices to conserve water use and protect water qualty
5000Costs savings from implementing extension-recommended practices to conserve water use and protect water qualtiy
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Youth and adult program participants will make healthy food choices, achieve the recommended amount of physical activity and reduce risk factors for chronic diseases.
Many North Carolinians are affected by chronic disease and conditions that compromise their quality of life and well-being. Heart disease, stroke and cancer continue to be leading causes of death in our state. In addition, obesity and obesity related chronic diseases such as diabetes continue to rise at alarming rates. Healthy eating and physical activity are critical to achieve optimal health. Many North Carolinians have diets that are too high in calories and too low in fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Portion sizes, foods eaten away-from-home and consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages continue to rise. In addition, most North Carolinians do not engage in regular physical activity. The prevalence of overweight and obesity has nearly doubled in the past 10 years. If the trend of overweight is not slowed, it will eliminate the progress we have made in reducing the burden of weigh-related chronic disease. One in every three US children born after 2000 will become diabetic unless many more people start eating less and exercising more. The cost of obesity in North Carolina in health care costs alone is over 2 billion dollars. There are many proposed reasons for the obesity epidemic, however unhealthy eating and physical inactivity are widely recognizes as primary contributors to the problem. Those who make healthy food choices and are physically active are more likely to achieve and maintain a healthy weight as well reduce chronic diseases. Ultimately, this will lead to reduction in health care costs, increased longevity, greater productivity and improved quality of life.
Value* Impact Description
302Number of adults increasing their fruit and vegetables consumption
235Number of youth increasing their fruit and vegetable consumption
547Number of participants increasing their physical activity
61Number of participants reducing their BMI
83Number of adults who reduce their blood pressure
60Number of adults who improve their blood glucose (A1c.)level
60Number of adults who reduce their total cholesterol
143Number of participants who consume less sodium in their diet
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

IV. Number of Contacts Made by Extension

Type of ContactNumber
Face-to-face* 49,362
Non face-to-face** 19,690
Total by Extension staff in 2017 69,052
* Face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make directly with individuals through one-on-one visits, meetings, and other activities where staff members work directly with individuals.
** Non face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make indirectly with individuals by telephone, email, newsletters, news articles, radio, television, and other means.

V. Designated Grants Received by Extension

Type of GrantAmount
Contracts/Grants $1,256,956.00
Gifts/Donations $7,043.00
In-Kind Grants/Donations $12,436.00
United Way/Foundations $0.00
User Fees $0.00
Total $1,276,435.00

VI. Volunteer Involvement in Extension Programs

Number of Volunteers* Number of Volunteer Hours Known client contacts by volunteers Dollar Value at 24.14
4-H: 17 184 123 $ 4,442.00
Advisory Leadership System: 20 52 0 $ 1,255.00
Extension Community Association: 72 1,380 367 $ 33,313.00
Extension Master Gardener: 1,452 9,472 8,510 $ 228,654.00
Other: 289 196 1,167 $ 4,731.00
Total: 1850 11284 10167 $ 272,396.00
* The number of volunteers reflects the overall number of volunteers for multiple events.

VII. Membership of Advisory Leadership System

Durham County Advisory Leadership Council
Mary Flounoy
Rosemarie Gulla
Denice Johnson
Sonya Tilley
Faye Lanier
William A. Thomas
Ana Velasquez
Cheryl L. LeMay
Theresa Clark
John Hefferman
Nancy Wykle
Evelyn Scott
Nancy Love
Carl Hodges, Jr.
Cory Rawlinson

Welcome Baby Advisory Committee
Melva Henry, WB Program Coordinator
Mechelle Olvera
Emily Lamb
Michelle Old
Donna Rewalt
Evelyn Rojas Ramirez
Mae McLendon
Deborah Waterman
Family & Consumer Sciences Joint Advisory Board
Deborah McGiffin, Extension Agent
Lloyd Schmeidler
Joyce Briggs
Jim Polk
Lucille Patterson
Rhonda Mack Minnifield
Transportation Advisory Board
Linda Thomas-Wallace, Transportation Program Manager
Toni Glover, Assistant Transportation Program Manager
DeDreana Freeman, Chair
Daniel Allen, Vice Chair
Stephani DeBerry
Edward Kwon
Doreen Johnson
Miles Simpson
4-H Advisory Committee
Carlos Moses, Extension Agent
Chandler Vatavuk
Michael Russell
Kay Dahms
Bonita Richardson
Colleen McClean
Sharon Barry
Maggie Healy
Betsy Vatavuk
Master Gardener Advisory Committee
Cheralyn Schmidt, Extension Agent
Karen Lauterbach, Chair
Wanda Crutchfield,Secretary
Karen Walker
Claudia Crassweller, Vice Chair
John Falletta
Lissa Lutz
Jeanie Brease
Briggs Avenue Garden Committee
Cheralyn Schmidt, Extension Agent
Rosetta Radtke
Kat Causey
Elsa Liner
John Goebel
Sally Parlier
Lisa Valdivia
Leanna Murphy
Strengthening Families Coalition Advisory Committee
Donna Rewalt, Community Outreach Coordinator
Carrissa Dixon
Michelle Gaylord
Wilma Herndon
Irma Price, Chair
Lucille Patterson
Ana Velasquez
Kids Voting Durham Advisory Committee
Carolyn Kreuger, Program Coordinator
Faith Burns
Kelvin Bullock
Carlos Moses
Kimberly Oberle
Donna Rewalt
Michael Shiflett, Chair
Steve Simos
Bandon Reed
Lisa Gordon Stella
Omar Beasley
Transportation Advisory Affiliates Committee
Linda Thomas-Wallace, Transportation Program Manager
Toni Glover, Assistant Transportation Program Manager
Robin Baker, ARC of the Triangle
Soyna Beckford, DECI
Tara Caldwell, First Transit
Barbara Alston, First Transit
Linda Crawford, Durham Tech/RSVP
Vinson Hines, Jr, Teresa Eaton, Dept. of Social Services
Shannon Kalu, Services for the Blind
Natalie Murdock, TTA
Melissa Black, Partnership for Seniors

VIII. Staff Membership

Morris White
Title: County Extension Director
Phone: (919) 560-0524
Email: morris_white@ncsu.edu

Daniel Campeau
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Poultry
Phone: (919) 542-8202
Email: dan_campeau@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Work mainly with Commercial Poultry industry. I also work with small scale poultry production. Service area is now the North Central District from Guilford to Halifax with the southern edge being Chatham and Wake county respectively.

Erin Eure
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Commercial Fruits & Vegetables
Phone: (252) 357-1400
Email: erin_eure@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides educational opportunities and technical support to commercial fruit and vegetable growers, agents, and industry in northeastern NC.

Marissa Herchler
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Animal Food Safety (FSMA Programs)
Phone: (919) 515-5396
Email: marissa_herchler@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marissa is an Area Specialized Agent for animal food safety, with emphasis on the new Food Safety Modernization Act rules, as they apply to feed mills in North Carolina. Please contact Marissa with any FSMA related questions, or PCQI training inquiries.

Lynette Johnston
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-0303
Email: lynette_johnston@ncsu.edu

Pana Jones
Title: Extension Program Assistant
Phone: (919) 560-0525
Email: pana_jones@ncsu.edu

Stacey Jones
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Commercial Nursery and Greenhouse
Phone: (704) 920-3310
Email: stacey_jones@ncsu.edu

Peggy Kernodle
Title: Family and Consumer Sciences Associate
Phone: (919) 560-0523
Email: peggy_kernodle@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: FCS agent support: Ed. programming for Caregivers, Pilot and Train Trainer for F.A.C.T., & Family Resource Mgmt, Stress Mgmt & Well-Being, Senior programming

Bill Lord
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Water Resources
Phone: (919) 496-3344
Email: william_lord@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Water quality education and technical assistance

Rachel McDowell
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Consumer & Retail Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9155
Email: romcdowe@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Support FCS Agents in delivering timely and evidence-based food safety education and information to stakeholders in NC.

Carlos Moses
Title: Extension Agent, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (919) 560-8295
Email: carlos_moses@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Coordinate and support 4H clubs and programs in Durham County while creating new opportunities to reach youth.

Darnell Parker
Title: County Associate Extension Agent - Agriculture
Phone: (919) 560-0532
Email: darnell_parker@ncsu.edu

Juliette Perry
Title: County Extension Administrative Assistant
Phone: (919) 560-0535
Email: Jperry@dconc.gov

Donna Rewalt
Title: Community Outreach Coordinator
Phone: (919) 560-0538
Email: donna_rewalt@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Promotes Extension programming in the community & connects individuals and groups to Extension resources. Provides support to Kids Voting and the Strengthening Families Coalition--Parent and Family Advocacy & Support Training (PFAST) program. Donna coaches parents on school issues and provides leadership training--she is a certified facilitator for the Real Colors personality instrument.

Evelyn Rojas
Title: Volunteer Coordinator
Phone: (919) 560-0525
Email: evelyn_rojas@ncsu.edu

Cheralyn Schmidt
Title: Extension Agent, Agriculture - Horticulture
Phone: (919) 560-0525
Email: cheralyn_schmidt@ncsu.edu

Chip Simmons
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Food Safety
Phone: (919) 414-5632
Email: odsimmon@ncsu.edu

Mitch Woodward
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Watersheds and Water Quality
Phone: (919) 250-1112
Email: mdwoodwa@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: NC Cooperative Extension's Goals include: - NC's natural resources and environmental quality will be protected, conserved and enhanced. - NC will have profitable, environmentally sustainable plant, animal and food systems. Protecting our environmental resources, particularly drinking water quality, is a top priority in NC. NC Cooperative Extension is a leader in teaching, researching, and accelerating the adoption of effective water quality protection practices.

IX. Contact Information

Durham County Center
721 Foster St
Durham, NC 27701

Phone: (919) 560-0525
Fax: (919) 560-0530
URL: http://durham.ces.ncsu.edu