2018 Forsyth County Program Impact Report

Approved: January 21, 2019

I. Executive Summary

Forsyth County Cooperative Extension’s mission is to intentionally engage community members through educational programs and technological avenues to improve the quality of their lives. We strive to address community issues through research-based education and practical solutions that enrich the lives, land and economy of our residents. Preserving agriculture and farmland in the county, developing a vibrant local foods economy, promoting opportunities for new and transitioning growers, improving access to nutritious, local foods and providing 4-H youth and family development opportunities have been a priority. We strive to create collaborations with multiple organizations providing opportunities for community members to serve on numerous committees, action teams and boards. We work with growers, entrepreneurs, county organizations, youth and families, businesses and key community members to address grass-roots results, such as:

● 1,733 adults increased their knowledge of local food and agricultural systems in Forsyth County.
● 3,460 youth increased knowledge in STEM education, in which 1,667 were females.
● 338 people significantly increased their knowledge involving Natural Resources best practices.
● 5,675 pounds of fresh produce was donated to vulnerable populations for consumption.
● $121,130 net income gains due to adoption of best practices in nutrient management, conservation, production, pest management and animal production.
● 210 tobacco producers were trained on Good Agricultural Practices.
● 1,500 acres of tobacco in Forsyth County experienced an average yield of $2.00/lb. if the grower was GAP certified versus an average of $1.35/lb. if non-GAP certified. The difference in price (contract versus open market) produced a difference of 1.95 Million in 2018 for Forsyth County.
● 12 new community gardens were established, all of which are located in limited resource communities, joining 170 active community/county gardens.
● 123 adults acquired new skills in volunteerism, taking 46 hours of training classes in positive youth development, programming and diversity & inclusion.
● 167 people attended the Forsyth County Farm City Banquet, 131 were present for the luncheon and 112 experienced an increase in farm and city education through two days of tours to N.C. State University and local Forsyth County farms, businesses and urban areas.
● 530 pesticide applicators were trained on pesticide safety, pest management and environmental safety.
● 5,616 county residents were trained in gardening and landscape practices, including plant selection and placement, turf grass management, soil management, growing food, water conservation and quality, storm-water and erosion management, composting and pest and wildlife management.

4-H youth development incorporates the Essential Elements of Positive Youth Development in all program areas teaching youth how to be positive, capable and contributing adults for the future. In the past year, 4-H programming has helped 4,612 total youth (club and outreach) learn appropriate communication techniques, gain knowledge of employ-ability skills, increase awareness of potential career paths, improve critical thinking skills and goal setting. In order to increase student’s interest in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM), numerous opportunities for hands-on, experiential learning were provided to 3,689 students. Community service is a critical component of the 4-H experience teaching youth empathy and the value of service to others. In 2018, Forsyth 4-H’ers provided 1,366 hours of community service, a volunteer value of $33,727.

Cooperative Extension is proud of the strong partnership between Forsyth County, N.C. State University and N.C. A&T State University and the expanded outreach of our educational programs made possible through outside funding (grants, donations, in-kind support) of over $230,000. Volunteers (Master Gardeners, Garden Mentors, 4-H leaders, Extension and Community Association members) are critical to Extension's mission. During the past year, Extension volunteers provided 52,812 hours of service valued at $24.69/hour (Bureau of Labor, 2018) providing an economic benefit to Forsyth County of $1,303,928.

II. County Background

Cooperative Extension is committed to partnering with communities to deliver education and technology that enrich the lives, land and economy of Forsyth County citizens. Forsyth County is the 4th largest county in North Carolina with a population of 371,511. Winston-Salem is the largest city in the county, 4th largest in the state, accounting for 66% of the county population. The population is diverse with 67% white, 27.4% black, 2.5% Asian, 0.8% American Indian or Alaska native, and 0.1% Hawaiian or Pacific Islander. There is 12.7% of the population who are of Hispanic or Latino origin. 94.1% of these people are US citizens (Census Data, 2017).

Although the county is one of the most urban in the state, agriculture and maintaining a sense of rural character is valued. Forsyth County includes 413 square miles of land equaling 264,320 total acres. There are 662 farms in the county consisting of 40,467 acres of farmland. Developing more profitable farms is the most effective means of preserving agricultural lands in the county. Interestingly, Winston-Salem has a long history and reputation as an active, vibrant and business-friendly city. Unemployment is 4.1% (Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2017), but for those citizens who are gamefully employed, the top employers are hiring individuals in management, business, science and service.

Small farmer, part-time opportunities are growing and becoming increasingly important as a supplemental income for the preservation of small agricultural lands in Forsyth County. Interest and demand in locally produced products is rapidly increasing. Economic development opportunities for growers, the need for agricultural processing infrastructure and strategies for addressing food security and proper nutrition are important issues. Interest in gardening and especially community gardening has grown tremendously. Developing opportunities for youth gardening experiences will be emphasized during the coming year. Education of the large grounds maintenance industry, as well as, consumer demand is critical in establishing and maintaining proper, environmentally friendly horticulture practices.

Extension staff partners with the Advisory Leadership System consisting of community leaders and volunteers who evaluate data and resources available within and outside of Extension. They are staunch advocates for funding and programming with NC State, A&T University and Forsyth County government. The council provides invaluable service to Cooperative Extension in terms of being key stakeholders for the Forsyth Extension office.

Prioritized issues are currently identified which include nutrition/obesity (both youth and adult); agriculture/horticulture sustainability including alternatives; environmental resource utilization including conservation, recycling, urban stormwater and farmland preservation; job readiness both youth and adult; agriculture/horticulture business management including diversification and value-added opportunities; and family well being and debt reduction through financial literacy and energy conservation.

Cooperative Extension staff and a dedicated volunteer base are committed to partnering with growers, entrepreneurs, schools, businesses, foundations, county organizations and communities to address these issues and improve the lives, land and economy for Forsyth County citizens.

III. Objectives to Address the Cooperative Extension Long Range Plan

North Carolina's plant production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.

Value* Outcome Description
159Number of crop (all plant systems) producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
6Number of Extension initiated and controlled County demonstration test sites (new required for GLF/PSI reporting)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
45Number of crop (all plant systems) producers adopting best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
114000Net income gains realized by the adoption of best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

North Carolina's animal production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.

Value* Outcome Description
234Number of animal producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
37Number of animal producers adopting Extension-recommended best management practices, including those practices related to husbandry, improved planning, marketing, and financial practices
7130Net income gains by producers adopting Extension-recommended best management practices, including those practices related to husbandry, improved planning, marketing, and financial practices
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Producers will increase sales of food locally to more agriculturally aware consumers through market development, producer and consumer education, and new farmer and infrastructure support.

Value* Outcome Description
216Number of producers who gain skills or knowledge to increase production for local markets.
1733Number of adults (including producers, food business owners, etc.) who improved knowledge of local food and agricultural systems.
9Number of children/youth who improved knowledge of local food and agricultural systems.
1733Number of individuals who gain knowledge or acquire skills related to vegetable/fruit gardening, and if also reporting under Urban and Consumer Agriculture Objective, divide up the reported number appropriately between the two objectives to avoid duplication.
112Number of producers who improve local food marketing skills or knowledge.
47Number of individuals who learn how to prepare local foods, including through use of home food preservation techniques.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
10Number of new and existing access points for consumers that expand or improve their offering of local fruits and vegetables. Access points include farmers markets, retail stores, school food programs, community gardens, institutions other than schools (e.g. hospitals, universities, etc.), and other systems/access points not noted (e.g. restaurants, etc.).
85Number of producers selling their agricultural products to local markets (direct, intermediated/food service, institutional) for consumption in NC.
9Number of producers who diversified their marketing strategies into local markets (direct, intermediated/food service, institutional).
19Number of producers (and other members of the local food supply chain) who have increased revenue.
10Number of new farms (beginning farmers) selling into local markets for local consumption (in this reporting period).
2Number of new local food value chain businesses, other than farms (in this reporting period).
1355Number of individuals who grow food in community gardens.
8Number of youth who grow food in school gardens.
1136Number of individuals who begin home food production by starting a vegetable and/or fruit garden, and if also reporting under Urban and Consumer Horticulture Objective, divide up the reported number appropriately between the two objectives to avoid duplication.
1Number of individuals who begin home food production by starting to raise backyard livestock.
5675Number of pounds of fresh produce donated for consumption by vulnerable populations.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Agricultural producers, workers, food handlers and consumers will adopt safer food and agricultural production, handling, and distribution practices that reduce workplace and home injuries/illnesses, enhance food security, and increase the quality and safety of food that North Carolinians prepare and consume.

Value* Outcome Description
220Number of commercial/public operators trained
254Number of pesticide application credit hours provided
12Number of participants trained in safe home food handling, preservation, or preparation practices
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Individuals and groups will acquire leadership and decision making capacities needed to guide and actively participate in local and state organizations.

Youth and adults will address community issues and/or challenges through volunteerism.

Value* Outcome Description
123Number of adult participants acquiring the skills needed to serve as a volunteer
40Number of hours adult volunteer training conducted
23Number new volunteers recruited
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Community members, organizations and local government will engage in collaborative dialog and decision-making to build economically, socially and environmentally resilient communities. This will be done through inclusive engagement, partnership building, and/or community planning.

Adults and youth will apply financial management practices to increase their economic security, which include to: meet basic necessities, increase savings, reduce debt, and build long-term assets.

Futures that Work: School to Career Pathways

Value* Outcome Description
45Number of teachers trained in 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum
3754Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
1667Total number of female participants in STEM program
148Number of high school age youth (students) participating as members of 4-H clubs
310Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge of career/employability skills
28Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge of entrepreneurship
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
45Number of teachers using 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum in their classrooms
2713Number of youth (students) gaining knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
58Number of youth (students) gaining career / employability skills
28Number of youth (students) gaining entrepreneurship skills
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

North Carolinians will make decisions and adopt practices that implement effective resource protection and conservation.

Value* Outcome Description
379Number of participants increasing their knowledge about best management practices
14Number of participants certified to implement and maintain BMPs
10Number of child and youth educators aspiring to implement quality outdoor learning environments for children
338Number of youth and adults demonstrating increased knowledge of natural resources and environmental issues
53Number of youth willing to participate in conservation actions
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
68Number of participants that adopted recommended climate adaption strategies for production agriculture or natural resource management, including for invasive species, pest management, pollutant loads, and wetlands.
36Number of acres under recommended climate adaption strategies for production agriculture or natural resource management, including for invasive species, pest management, pollutant loads, and wetlands.
60Number of participants that adopted recommended climate mitigation practices such as water-use efficiency, livestock production feeding practices, carbon sequestration, reducing carbon or energy footprint.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Consumers and communities will enhance the value of plants, animals, and landscapes while conserving valuable natural resources and protecting the environment.

Value* Outcome Description
2330Number of participants improving knowledge, attitude, skills and aspirations regarding gardening and landscape practices including plant selection and placement, turfgrass management, soil management, growing food, water conservation and water quality preservation, storm water and erosion management, green waste management, pest and wildlife management
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
1416Number of participants who use extension-recommended best management practices in landscapes, turf, and gardens, including pest (insect, weed, disease) management, fertility management, water conservation, water quality preservation and pruning techniques
7800Total cost savings from the use of extension-recommended best management practices in landscapes, turf, and gardens, including pest (insect, weed, disease) management, fertility management, water conservation, water quality preservation and pruning techniques
87Number of participants who use extension-recommended pest management practices in homes, public facilities, businesses or in community pest management programs
603Number of participants selecting appropriate landscape plants (adapted, drought tolerant, appropriate size, etc.)
68750Cost savings from the appropriate selection of landscape plants
403Number of participants adopting composting
17Reduced tonnage of greenwaste as a result of Extension-recommended practices including composting and proper plant selection
760Number of participants implementing extension-recommended practices to conserve water use and protect water qualtiy
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Youth and adult program participants will make healthy food choices, achieve the recommended amount of physical activity and reduce risk factors for chronic diseases.

IV. Number of Contacts Made by Extension

Type of ContactNumber
Face-to-face* 12,438
Non face-to-face** 77,277
Total by Extension staff in 2018 89,715
* Face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make directly with individuals through one-on-one visits, meetings, and other activities where staff members work directly with individuals.
** Non face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make indirectly with individuals by telephone, email, newsletters, news articles, radio, television, and other means.

V. Designated Grants Received by Extension

Type of GrantAmount
Contracts/Grants $4,000.00
Gifts/Donations $41,736.25
In-Kind Grants/Donations $36,822.00
United Way/Foundations $40,777.00
User Fees $22,458.00
Total $145,793.25

VI. Volunteer Involvement in Extension Programs

Number of Volunteers* Number of Volunteer Hours Known client contacts by volunteers Dollar Value at 24.69
4-H: 796 2,666 6,851 $ 65,824.00
Advisory Leadership System: 60 137 100 $ 3,383.00
Extension Community Association: 88 33,134 0 $ 818,078.00
Extension Master Gardener: 1,799 8,397 1,158 $ 207,322.00
Other: 724 3,291 10,665 $ 81,255.00
Total: 3467 47625 18774 $ 1,175,861.00
* The number of volunteers reflects the overall number of volunteers for multiple events.

VII. Membership of Advisory Leadership System

Advisory Council
Marilyn Odom
Wes Carpenter
Claudia Whitaker
Edgar Miller
Dale Parker
Peggy Lyle
Jonetta McClain
Joycelyn Johnson
Vernon Switzer
Gloria Smith
Adam Pendlebury
Rev Francis Mann
Robert Jones
Toby Bost
BJ Hutchins
Charlette Lindell
Harriet McCarthy
Wilfredo Pagan
Tobacco/Field crops
Danny Boles
Bo Hall
Terry White
Kevin Brown
Steve Robertson
4-H Advisory Committee
Mae Lynn Joyce
Michael Joyce
Melinda Barrick
Carla Arrowood
Angie Redding
Rev Francis Manns
Claudette Goodwin
David Hooker
Rebekah May
Mandie Rose
Master Gardener Advisory Committee
Harriet McCarthy
Steven Barnes
Mindy Mock
Teresa Lowry
Ann Williams
Carol Hart
Jeannie Leggett
Marcia Szewczyk
Rita Deck
Patsy Cuthrell
Mary Ann Beeson
Renee Koschak
Maureen Ballsieper
Barbara Trueheart
Small Farms
Gary Owen
Vern Switzer
Terry Motsinger
Ellen Motsinger
Mike Tate
Ken Vanhoy
Natalie Sevin
Livingstone Flomeh-Mawutor
Al Hutchison
Linda Hutchison
Cheryl Ferguson
Ray Tuegel
Michael Banner
Brandon Williams
Gwen Winstead
Harvey Moser
Susan Moser
Mike Jacques
Pat Jacques
Arboretum
David Yount
Barbara Truehart
Rita Deck
Bill Deck
Ann McLain
Pat Noel
FCS / Human Services Committee
Charlette Lindell
Karen Forrest
Raymond Byrd
Portia Krone Walker
Kendra Davis
Marilyn Springs
Millie T. Davidson
Tim Rhodes
Forsyth Community Gardening
Reverend Francis Manns
Ana Gonzalez
Mark Cohn
Allen Keesee
Stewart Ellis
Mark Jensen
Rajesh Kapileshwari
Jasmine McNeill
Lakecia Owens
Nathan Peifer
Melissa Smith
Embryology Committee
Molly Tuttle
Bridget Holliston
Stephanie McDowell
Extension Community Association
Gloria Smith
Katie Sutcliff
Gail Dinkins
Polly Caudle
Audena Spain
Community Garden Steering Committee
Christopher Jeffords
Vicki Roddick
Robert LePere
Wendy Wallace-Banks
Kana Miller

VIII. Staff Membership

Kimberly Gressley
Title: County Extension Director
Phone: (336) 703-2851
Email: ksgressl@ncsu.edu

Lisa Benavente
Title: Regional Nutrition Extension Associate - Urban Programming, EFNEP and SNAP-Ed
Phone: (919) 515-3888
Email: lisa_benavente@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides programmatic supervision to the EFNEP program in Wake, Durham, and Orange Counties. Responsible for training new EFNEP educators and volunteer development.

April Bowman
Title: Extension Agent, Agriculture - Livestock, Forages and 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (336) 703-2855
Email: awbowman@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Responsible for managing the total 4-H program including 4-H Clubs, 4-H Camp, 4-H Congress, school enrichment, and presentations, as well as youth and adult livestock and forages.

Mary Brennan
Title: Extension Agent, Agriculture - Horticulture
Phone: (336) 399-1001
Email: maryjac_brennan@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Small Farms, Fruit & Vegetable Production, Specialty Crops - Herbs, Mushrooms, etc., Local Foods ,Sustainable Agriculture and Urban Agriculture

Tembila Covington
Title: Program Assistant, Agriculture - Urban Agriculture
Phone: (336) 703-2859
Email: tccoving@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Responsibilities associated with the urban agriculture program include planning, preparing, managing, and providing training assistance to extension agents on an urban farm school. The goal of this training program is to offer economic opportunity for underemployed participants in underserved communities, while increasing community involvement and access to local, healthy foods. Participants in this program learn in the classroom the science of agriculture, and outdoors on their production site they learn how to apply agricultural techniques.

Marti Day
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Dairy
Phone: (919) 542-8202
Email: marti_day@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Responsible for educational programs for dairy farmers, youth with an interest in dairy projects and the general public with an interest in dairy foods and the dairy industry.

Kitrinka Gordon
Title: Office Assistant III
Phone: (336) 703-2850
Email: kitrinka_gordon@ncsu.edu

Lauren Greene
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Poultry
Phone: (336) 651-7347
Email: lauren_greene@ncsu.edu

Megan Gregory
Title: Agriculture - Community Gardening Coordinator
Phone: (336) 703-2850
Email: gregormm@forsyth.cc
Brief Job Description: Coordinates the Forsyth Community Gardening program. Provides horticultural and community organizing assistance to garden groups; educates and supports Community Garden Mentors; teaches the 'Sustainable Growing Series' of garden-based workshops; manages seed bank, tool lending, and microgrant programs; collaborates with community organizations working in sustainable agriculture and food systems.

Tim Hambrick
Title: Area Agent, Agriculture
Phone: (336) 703-2857
Email: tim_hambrick@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Area Field Crop Agent for Forsyth, Stokes, and Surry, and Yadkin counties. Responsibilities include educational programming and research in flue cured tobacco, corn, small grain, and soybean production.

Kathy Hepler
Title: County Extension Administrative Assistant
Phone: (336) 703-2850
Email: kathy_hepler@ncsu.edu

Marissa Herchler
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Animal Food Safety (FSMA Programs)
Phone: (919) 515-5396
Email: marissa_herchler@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marissa is an Area Specialized Agent for animal food safety, with emphasis on the new Food Safety Modernization Act rules, as they apply to feed mills in North Carolina. Please contact Marissa with any FSMA related questions, or PCQI training inquiries.

Stacey Jones
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Commercial Nursery and Greenhouse
Phone: (704) 920-3310
Email: stacey_jones@ncsu.edu

Shae King
Title: Extension Agent, Family and Consumer Sciences
Phone: (336) 703-2870
Email: shae_king@ncsu.edu

Jami Lawhon
Title: Area Agent, Family and Consumer Sciences
Phone: (336) 242-2080
Email: jami_lawhon@ncsu.edu

Bill Lord
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Water Resources
Phone: (919) 496-3344
Email: william_lord@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Water quality education and technical assistance

Craig Mauney
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Commercial Vegetables and Fruits
Phone: (828) 684-3562
Email: craig_mauney@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides educational opportunities, training and technical support to commercial fruit and vegetable growers, agents, and industry in Western NC.

Rachel McDowell
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Consumer and Retail Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9155
Email: romcdowe@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Support FCS Agents in delivering timely and evidence-based food safety education and information to stakeholders in NC.

Derek Morris
Title: Agricultural Technician
Phone: (336) 703-2850
Email: derek_morris@ncsu.edu

Currey Nobles
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9520
Email: canobles@ncsu.edu

Monique Pearce-Brady
Title: Extension Agent
Phone: (336) 703-2850
Email: dmpearc3@ncsu.edu

Leslie Peck
Title: Extension Agent, Agriculture - Horticulture
Phone: (336) 703-2850
Email: leslie_peck@ncsu.edu

Elena Rogers
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Food Safety - Fresh Produce Western NC
Phone: (828) 352-2519
Email: elena_rogers@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provide educational programs, training and technical support focusing on fresh produce safety to Agents and growers in Western NC.

Rocio Sedo
Title: EFNEP Educator, Extension Program Associate
Phone: (336) 703-2865
Email: rocio_sedo@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Work in EFNEP Nutrition Education Program with limited resource audience.

Phyllis Smith
Title: Extension Agent, Natural Resources
Phone: (336) 703-2858
Email: pbsmith4@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Natural Resources and Environmental Systems

Mitch Woodward
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Watersheds and Water Quality
Phone: (919) 250-1112
Email: mdwoodwa@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: NC Cooperative Extension's Goals include: - NC's natural resources and environmental quality will be protected, conserved and enhanced. - NC will have profitable, environmentally sustainable plant, animal and food systems. Protecting our environmental resources, particularly drinking water quality, is a top priority in NC. NC Cooperative Extension is a leader in teaching, researching, and accelerating the adoption of effective water quality protection practices.

IX. Contact Information

Forsyth County Center
1450 Fairchild Rd
Winston-Salem, NC 27105

Phone: (336) 703-2850
Fax: (336) 767-3557
URL: http://forsyth.ces.ncsu.edu