2017 Gates County Program Impact Report

Approved: January 26, 2018

I. Executive Summary

In 2017 Gates County Cooperative Extension implemented a variety of programs in the area of Agriculture, Family Consumer Science, and 4-H and Youth Development. Major initiatives identified and prioritized by advisory leaders and local needs assessments resulted in a focus on Profitable and Sustainable Plant Production Systems; Profitable and Sustainable Animal Production Systems; Safety and Security of our Food and Farm Systems ; Healthy Eating, Physical Activity and Chronic Disease Risk Reduction; Leadership; Volunteerism; School to Career; Natural Resources Conservation and Environmental Sustainability; and Urban and Consumer Agriculture. Extension delivered educational programs and provided face-to-face education and assistance to over 47,114 face-to-face contacts. A total of 137 Gates Extension volunteers donated more than 400 hours of time and expanded the reach of programming by over 5,103 contacts. The total estimated value of volunteer contributions was $9,656. Fundraising, grants and community contributions for program enhancement in 2017 totaled $48,643.

Agriculture, Horticulture and Livestock programming reached Gates County’s youth, adults, farmers, agribusiness men, homeowners and non-Ag clientele. Traditional agriculture programming included used oil pick-up, demonstration test plots, the Northeast Expo field days, pesticide certification and re-certification classes, field crop production meetings, Good Agriculture Practices (GAP) Training, commercial vegetable production meetings, PPE education and fit-testing, forest landowner workshops, Albemarle Area Landscape School, Master Gardener certification for youth and adults, school enrichment and livestock show and sale. Additional strategies utilized were home, field and agri-business visits, office consultations and non-face-to-face contacts. The total economic impact of agriculture programs in Gates County as a result of Gates County Extension initiatives totaled $1,820,359 in dollars saved and net income gained.

Family and Consumer Science programming focused on the following initiatives: Healthy Eating, Physical Activity and Chronic Disease Risk Reduction. Programs included Steps to Health (2nd grade healthy eating); Freezer Meal workshops (food safety, food preservation, healthy eating). FCS impacts resulted in increased physical activity, increased consumption of fruits, vegetables and physical activity.

4-H programs focused on School to Career, Health and Wellness, Leadership and Volunteerism. Gates County 4-H used a variety of educational strategies which, assisted youth (5-18 years of age) in knowledge gained and skill development. Youth were able to participate in 4-H after school programs, school enrichment, special interest, camps, presentations, judging events, and conferences. Interagency collaboration resulted in teen leadership/volunteerism, citizenship and life skill development. 4-H youth have become more engaged in the community through community service projects. Youth have improved academics, cultural competency along with skills in employability public speaking, leadership, citizenship, and social skills.

Gates County Cooperative Extension provided a quality diverse program by empowering people and providing solutions resulting in participant impacts, thus improving the lives of Gates County residents.

II. County Background

Gates County is a rural Tier 1 county located in the northeastern North Carolina. It is categorized as a “bedroom community” for Virginia. There are no large industries in this county, which makes it necessary for 48% of the people to commute to Virginia and surrounding North Carolina counties in order to earn adequate wages. There are several small businesses, most paying their employees minimum wages. There are no large supermarket chains, McDonald's or Walmart. Two Dollar Generals and a Family Dollar are located in the county. The major employers in Gates County are the school system, county government, North Carolina Department of Transportation and agriculture. A Chamber of Commerce was formed in 2010. Due to current economic situations and budget reductions from the state to the local government, this area has been tremendously impacted, thus resulting in some industries closing, personnel cutbacks or lay offs (i.e. shipyard, International Paper). High speed Internet is accessible to approximately 70% of households in Gates County.

Agriculture and forestry have long been important components of the economy of this county. Gates County has a total land area of 217,884 acres. Total acreage attributed to crops and timber is 192,860 of which 44,032 (25%) acres are in harvested cropland and 145,273 (75%) are forestland. Additional agriculture statistics: 182 farms; 348 acres average farm size; and 58.3 average age of farmers. Most recent 2012 statistics indicated delivered value of timber was $15,300,000. Major cash crops include cotton, soybeans, wheat, peanuts, and corn for grain. North Carolina Department of Agriculture (NCDA) most recent 2012 data indicates agriculture income as follows: livestock - $34,211,000; crops - $24.395,000; and government payments – 5,104,792 for a total of $63,710,792 in cash receipts. The total county impact of forestry according to 2012 statistics indicate output of $50,200,000, $12,700,000 in labor income , and 271 jobs. As a neighbor to Virginia, Gates County is experiencing an influx of commuters who work in Virginia and build their homes in Gates County. As a result, prime farmland is being eyed for its development potential. As individuals move into this area from more urban areas, they are less likely to have an understanding of agriculture. There is a potential for farm and non-farm conflicts in rural areas and education of both segments of the rural population is needed to avoid and address potential conflicts.

Gates County’s population is approximately 12,197 of which 33.2% are non-white and 63.7% white. Of the total population, 81 persons have been identified as Hispanic, which is less than 1% of the total population. Census statistics are as follows: 4633 households; 19.6% of the residents fall below the federal poverty level; 13% receive food assistance; the unemployment rate is approximately 5.8%; property rate per $100 value is $.64; poverty rate is 18; elderly poverty rate is 17; 25.2% uninsured ages 19-64; median household income is $35.647; per capita income is $19,337; 81% home ownership; 1.4% substandard housing; 21% unaffordable housing; 18% with less than HS diploma; 75.6% High School diploma; 11.5% Bachelor’s degree or higher; 44.9% of graduates take SAT; average SAT is 1,358.

Childhood population statistics are as follows: 2,903 (24%) between 0-18 years of age; 40% of those are minorities; 9.1% live in single-parent families; child poverty rate is 24.1; 74% of all the County’s school age children are eligible for free and reduced lunch; 11% w/o health insurance; 28% on Medicaid; 3.2% (9th grade) dropout rate; 82% graduation rate; school expenditures per pupil is $10,213; 42 juvenile complaints; 25% of child abuse and neglect cases substantiated; 405 (28%) of youth ages 12-18 are overweight.

The Gates County Community 2012 Health Assessment reveals that the top five (5) reported leading causes of death in Gates County are 1) Cancer, 2) Heart Disease, 3) Diabetes 4) Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke and (5) Chronic Lower Respiratory. The three health priorities identified in the 2010 Community Health Assessment are Obesity, Chronic Disease Management and Prevention/Early Detection-Access to Health Care. The "Generation Z" age group, born between 1990-2002, which will be the new workforce in 2020 are 33% overweight. The county has one doctor, one dentist, one pharmacy, one nursing home, one assisted living facility and no hospital.

Gates County has seven swamps, one of which is the Great Dismal Swamp, and Merchant's Millpond State Park. Water resources and forestland attract tourists interested in outdoor recreation. The Merchant's Millpond State Park Visitor Center opened in 2009, which provides natural resource education to the public and meeting space. Natural resource conservation and energy conservation need to be addressed to ensure resources are used wisely and eco-tourism can be developed.

The county's rural nature and limited resources has contributed to the strong level of collaboration, partnerships and networking. The people are interested in improving their quality of life, while maintaining the rural characteristics of the county. They believe in helping each other to accomplish this goal which fortifies their spirit of ownership and belonging and vested interest in local issues. Additional strengths are family oriented values, appreciation for services that are provided, interdependence and the ability to provide more personalized services as a result of being able to put a “face” to various issues impacting families.

III. Objectives to Address the Cooperative Extension Long Range Plan

North Carolina's plant production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.
North Carolina's agricultural crops industry makes major contributions to local communities and the state’s economy. In 2014, the estimated farm gate value of crops was $4.72 billion, placing NC as the 17th largest in the nation. North Carolina is one of the most diversified agriculture states in the nation. The state's 50,200 farmers grow over 80 different commodities, utilizing 8.4 million of the state's 31 million acres to furnish consumers a dependable and affordable supply of food and fiber. Tobacco remains one of the state's most predominant farm commodities. North Carolina produces more tobacco and sweet potatoes than any other state and ranks second in Christmas tree cash receipts. The state also produces a significant amount of cucumbers for pickles, lima beans, turnip greens, collard greens, mustard greens, strawberries, bell peppers, blueberries, chili peppers, fresh market cucumbers, snap beans, cabbage, eggplant, watermelons, pecans, peaches, squash, apples, sweet corn, tomatoes, and grapes. There is continual technological change and the relative profitability of individual farm enterprises changes over time; therefore, farmers must respond by modifying their farming operations. Changes in consumer demand create new opportunities for producers. Growth in alternative forms of agriculture will include, among others, organic and niche market production. Educational and training programs for producers of plant agricultural products and services will enhance their ability to achieve financial and lifestyle goals and to enhance economic development locally, regionally and statewide.
Value* Outcome Description
932Number of crop (all plant systems) producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
4Number of Extension initiated and controlled County demonstration test sites (new required for GLF/PSI reporting)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
646Number of crop (all plant systems) producers adopting best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
1606760Net income gains realized by the adoption of best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
199Number of producers reporting increased dollar returns per acre or reduced costs per acre
32Number of producers reporting reduction in fertilizer used per acre
20300Number of acres in conservation tillage or other Best Management Practice
61Number of producers who adopted a dedicated bioenergy crop
28000Number of acres planted to a dedicated bioenergy crop
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
North Carolina's animal production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.
North Carolina's livestock industry makes major contributions to local communities and the state’s economy. In 2014, the estimated farm gate value of livestock, dairy, and poultry was $8.85 billion, placing NC as the 7th largest in the nation. Hogs & pigs have historically been an important part of North Carolina agriculture. The industry has changed dramatically since the 1980s from the small farm raising a few hogs to large confinement type operations. North Carolina's number of cattle & calves on farms has remained relatively stable throughout time. Milk cow inventory and milk production have continued to decline in the state. Unlike other commodities, broiler production in North Carolina is increasing throughout the state. There is continual technological change and the relative profitability of individual farm enterprises changes over time; therefore, farmers must respond by modifying their farming operations. Changes in consumer demand create new opportunities for producers. Growth in alternative forms of agriculture will include, among others, organic, niche market production, and pasture-raised livestock. Educational and training programs for producers of animal agricultural products and services will enhance their ability to achieve financial and lifestyle goals and to enhance economic development locally, regionally and statewide.
Value* Outcome Description
101Number of animal producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
100Number of animal producers adopting Extension-recommended best management practices, including those practices related to husbandry, improved planning, marketing, and financial practices
139847Net income gains by producers adopting Extension-recommended best management practices, including those practices related to husbandry, improved planning, marketing, and financial practices
26Number of animal producers implementing Extension-recommended best management practices for animal waste management
0Tons of livestock organic by-products utilized (nutrients from waste, compost, etc)
0Net income gain by using livestock organic by-products instead of synthetic fertilizers
21Number of waste management certifications gained or maintained due to Extension education efforts
9Number of acres where Extension-recommended waste analysis was used for proper land application
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Agricultural producers, workers, food handlers and consumers will adopt safer food and agricultural production, handling, and distribution practices that reduce workplace and home injuries/illnesses, enhance food security, and increase the quality and safety of food that North Carolinians prepare and consume.
Training and educational programs for farmers, agricultural workers, food handlers, and consumers will provide research-based programming, materials, information and expertise to compel these individuals to implement practices relating to the overall safety and security for the food supply and farming systems. Components of this include on-farm, packinghouse, and transportation management, retail and food service establishments, and consumer’s homes. Therefore targeted audiences include farmers and agricultural workers and their families, food handlers and workers (both amateur and commercial), transporters, processors, business operators, food service and retail staff, supervisors of any food facility, long term care facility staff and individuals who purchase, prepare and serve food in their homes. With an estimated 76 million foodborne illnesses annually, costing an estimated $1.4 trillion, food safety highlights a specific area of risk to be addressed by Cooperative Extension. The recent produce-related foodborne illness outbreaks have brought public attention to a problem that has been increasing nationally for the last ten years. The issues of foodborne illness and food safety pose immediate risks for farmers affecting the areas of economics, consumer demand, and market access. Because no processing or kill steps are involved with produce that is typically eaten raw, the best measures to limit microorganisms and fresh produce related illness are to prevent microbes from contaminating the product. Practices like Good Agricultural Practices (GAPs), Good Handling Practices (GHPs), and Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points (HACCP) represent a systematic preventive approach to food safety, protecting agricultural products as they move from farm to retail and restaurants and finally to families. While there is currently no legal requirements for growers to implement GAPs, buyers have responded to the public concern by requiring their produce growers to adhere to current guidelines and possibly even require GAPs certification. The main areas of concern incorporate production, harvesting, packing, and transporting produce in the areas of water quality, manure management, domestic and wildlife management, worker health and hygiene, transportation, traceability, and documentation. For North Carolina growers to be competitive and produce safe product, it is important that they gain knowledge about and implement food safety programs that minimize physical, chemical and biological hazards Food safety risks do not stop at primary production. As risks associated with pathogens can occur at many junctions between primary production and consumption, food safety is a truly farm-to-fork issue. The World Health Organization and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have defined 5 factors that lead to foodborne illness outbreaks: Inadequate cooking or processing procedures; improper storage and holding temperatures, cross-contamination between potentially contaminated raw materials and ready-to-eat foods (either directly or through poor sanitation); and poor implementation of personal hygiene practices. The preventative steps targeting risk reduction taken at each of the components making up the food supply chain are critical in preventing food-borne illness. Educational programs including ServSAFE, School HACCP workshops, food safety at childcare and senior centers, and targeted farm-to-fork food safety inclusion for all food handlers is necessary for important for advances in knowledge and implementation of preventative programs. Equally important is that families and children have a secure food supply. Hunger in American households has risen by 43 percent over the last five years, according to an analysis of US Department of Agriculture (USDA) data released in the report "Household Food Security in the United States, 2004." The analysis, completed by the Center on Hunger and Poverty at Brandeis University, shows that more than 7 million people have joined the ranks of the hungry since 1999. The USDA report says that 38.2 million Americans live in households that suffer directly from hunger and food insecurity, including nearly 14 million children. That figure is up from 31 million Americans in 1999. Limited-resource, socially disadvantaged and food-insecure individuals, families and communities will be provided with information and opportunities to enhance household food, diet and nutritional security. Agriculture is one of the most hazardous industries in the United States, and consistently ranks as the first, second or third most deadly industry along with mining and construction. Agriculture is unique in that the work and home place are often the same, exposing both workers and family members to hazards. In the United States on average each year, there are 700 deaths and 140,000 injuries to those who work in agriculture, defined as farming, forestry and fishing. Farmers, farmworkers and their families are at high risk for fatal and nonfatal injuries (primarily from tractor roll-overs, machinery entanglements, and animal handling incidents), musculo-skeletal conditions, work-related lung diseases, noise-induced hearing loss, heat stress and heat stroke, pesticide exposure and illness, skin diseases, behavioral health issues, and certain cancers associated with chemical use and prolonged sun exposure. The health and safety of migrant and seasonal farmworkers are complicated by other conditions such as infectious disease, hypertension, and diabetes, as well as cultural and language barriers. Farmers and farmworkers alike are subject to lack of access to health care. Agricultural injury and illness are costly, with total US annual costs reaching $4.5 billion and per farm costs equaling $2,500, or 15% of net income. Median health care coverage for farm families is $6,000 per year. In North Carolina, 27% of farm families do not have health insurance, while 29% of farmers do not have health insurance. Many others have health care coverage with high annual deductibles and high premiums. Agromedicine is a comprehensive, collaborative approach involving both agricultural and health scientists to develop solutions addressing the health and safety issues of the agricultural community through research, education and outreach. The North Carolina Agromedicine Institute, a partnership of NC State University, NC A&T State University and East Carolina University in collaboration with others, develops and evaluates effective programs to reduce injury and illness in agriculture, forestry and fishing. One such program is called Certified Safe Farm (CSF) and AgriSafe. CSF and AgriSafe were first developed and researched in Iowa. CSF and AgriSafe are being adapted to North Carolina agriculture by the NC Agromedicine Institute and its Cooperative Extension collaborators. Certified Safe Farm combines AgriSafe health services (wellness and occupational health screenings and personal protection equipment selection and fit services) conducted by trained AgriSafe health providers, on-farm safety reviews conducted by trained Extension agents, and community education and outreach to achieve safety and health goals established by participating farmers and their employees and families. Insurance incentives and safety equipment cost-share programs for participating farmers are still being developed. Other ongoing educational programs addressing agricultural health and safety include farm safety days for children, youth, or families, employee hands-on farm safety training, the National Safe Tractor and Machinery Operation Program for youth, and youth ATV operator safety certification programs.
Value* Outcome Description
2Number of commercial/public operators trained
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Individuals and groups will acquire leadership and decision making capacities needed to guide and actively participate in local and state organizations.
Leadership is important to every level of a community sharing in the creation of wealth and well-being. Youth and adult leaders must be capable of motivating groups to achieve common goals that impact North Carolina families and communities.They will need the confidence and skill to guide and support North Carolina community and state organizations. Citizens participating in the 2007 NC Tomorrow survey denoted the importance of leadership by clearly requesting leadership training (54%), social advising, community advising and technical assistance (45%)from their university system.
Value* Outcome Description
65Number of adults increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
12Number of adults assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
125Number of youth increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
6Number of youth assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
65Number of adults increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
12Number of adults assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
125Number of youth increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
6Number of youth assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Youth and adults will address community issues and/or challenges through volunteerism.
Youth and adult volunteers in North Carolina contribute thousands of hours each year to strengthen communities and create strong foundations for the future. As these individuals engage in service, they are gaining new skills, generating new programs to serve their communities, building successful organizations, and fostering an ethic of service. Cooperative Extension is poised to support the development of interpersonal skills, leadership experiences, and content knowledge to ensure that citizens are prepared to engage in meaningful service throughout the lifespan. Current research suggests that youth and adult participation positively impacts civic engagement and contributes to the development of leadership capacities. With its presence in every county, Cooperative Extension is uniquely positioned to contribute to building a stronger ethic of service among youth and adults.
Value* Outcome Description
110Number of adult participants acquiring the skills needed to serve as a volunteer
153Number of youth participants reporting aspirations to serve in new or expanded volunteer roles in community
61Number of adult participants reporting aspirations to serve in new or expanded volunteer roles in community
32Number of hours adult volunteer training conducted
15Number of hours youth volunteer training conducted
25Number new volunteers recruited
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
476Increased number of hours contributed by trained adult volunteers
3Number of youth volunteers serving in new or expanded roles within Extension
16Number of adult volunteers serving in new or expanded roles within Extension
3Number of youth volunteers serving in new or expanded roles beyond Extension, including community boards and task forces
14Number of adult volunteers serving in new or expanded roles beyond Extension, including community boards and task forces
12Number of youth volunteers recruiting and/or training new volunteers
10Number of adult volunteers recruiting and/or training new volunteers
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Futures that Work: School to Career Pathways
We are living in a new economy powered by technology, fueled by information and driven by knowledge. Extension programs provide opportunities for youth and adults to improve their level of education and increase their skills that enable them to be competitive in our global society and workforce.
Value* Outcome Description
15Number of teachers trained in 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum
550Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
200Total number of female participants in STEM program
9Number of high school age youth (students) participating as members of 4-H clubs
163Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge of career/employability skills
20Number of adults increasing knowledge of career/employability skills
45Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge of entrepreneurship
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
12Number of teachers using 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum in their classrooms
550Number of youth (students) gaining knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
188Number of youth (students) gaining career / employability skills
15Number of adults gaining career / employability skills
188Number of youth (students) gaining entrepreneurship skills
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
North Carolinians will make decisions and adopt practices that implement effective resource protection and conservation.
The natural resources in North Carolina are an important asset that benefit all citizens, but many citizens are unaware of the consequences of actions and practices they implement. The continued population growth of North Carolina is putting pressure on natural resources in terms of quantity and quality. To have a healthy and productive natural environment, professionals and citizens must be knowledgeable of environmental issues and conservation and management opportunities.
Consumers and communities will enhance the value of plants, animals, and landscapes while conserving valuable natural resources and protecting the environment.
Residential, commercial and public entities will make decisions regarding plant selection, placement and management that will decrease water consumption, preserve and improve water quality, mitigate storm water contaminants, reduce erosion, energy consumption, and greenwaste, expand wildlife habitat, improve real estate value, and improve diet and nutrition of consumers. The horse and "farmer lifestyle" industry will continue to grow and have an increasing impact on North Carolina's economy, while protecting the environment. The NCDA&CS reports that 65,000 horse producers own over 225,000 horses which annually generates over $704 million of gross revenue from training, showing, boarding and breeding establishments in addition to agri-business sales of horse-related products. The total economic impact of the NC green industry is $8.6 billion, involving 151,982 employees, and 120,741 acres of production (Green Industry Council, 2006). North Carolina residential consumers spend $5.9 billion dollars per year on garden and landscape related expenses (Green Industry Council, 2006). For 2007, North Carolina's population is estimated to be 8,968,800 (LINC). The population grew by 1,323,288 (15%), between 1997 and 2007 and it is projected to grow by another 1,330,055 (13%), over the next ten years (LINC). Over 50% of the population now lives in urban areas. Despite evidence of the ecological and financial benefits, environmentally responsible landscaping strategies are not being implemented widely. Renovating a landscape to incorporate water conserving strategies may result in using 36% less water. Urban water run-off accounts for the majority of water pollution, mostly pesticides and fertilizers, that does not come from a specific industrial source. Selection of well-adapted plants, effective pest management, and appropriate care and feeding of plants will greatly reduce dependence on fertilizers and pesticides. Rain water that is not absorbed by the soil becomes erosive storm water runoff, which transports pollutants such as fertilizer, pesticides, sediment, motor oil, litter, and animal waste to local streams and rivers. Landscape designs will include rain gardens and other runoff catchment facilities (underground cisterns, etc.) that are attractive and easy to maintain in residential areas. Homeowners will learn that proper plant selection and placement can reduce winter heating bills by as much as 15% and summer cooling bills by as much as 50 percent, while reducing the need to prune over-sized plants. Wild habitat areas are rapidly being converted into housing and commercial properties, displacing native plants and animals. Choosing native or adapted plants that provide food and shelter creates a haven for butterflies, birds, lizards, and other animals. Edible landscaping can increase the amount and expand the variety of fresh fruits and vegetables consumed.
Value* Outcome Description
136Number of participants improving knowledge, attitude, skills and aspirations regarding gardening and landscape practices including plant selection and placement, turfgrass management, soil management, growing food, water conservation and water quality preservation, storm water and erosion management, green waste management, pest and wildlife management
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
130Number of participants who use extension-recommended best management practices in landscapes, turf, and gardens, including pest (insect, weed, disease) management, fertility management, water conservation, water quality preservation and pruning techniques
26650Total cost savings from the use of extension-recommended best management practices in landscapes, turf, and gardens, including pest (insect, weed, disease) management, fertility management, water conservation, water quality preservation and pruning techniques
117Number of participants selecting appropriate landscape plants (adapted, drought tolerant, appropriate size, etc.)
22750Cost savings from the appropriate selection of landscape plants
34Number of participants growing food for home consumption
3578Value of produce grown for home consumption
115Number of participants implementing extension-recommended practices to conserve water use and protect water qualty
20775Costs savings from implementing extension-recommended practices to conserve water use and protect water qualtiy
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Youth and adult program participants will make healthy food choices, achieve the recommended amount of physical activity and reduce risk factors for chronic diseases.
Many North Carolinians are affected by chronic disease and conditions that compromise their quality of life and well-being. Heart disease, stroke and cancer continue to be leading causes of death in our state. In addition, obesity and obesity related chronic diseases such as diabetes continue to rise at alarming rates. Healthy eating and physical activity are critical to achieve optimal health. Many North Carolinians have diets that are too high in calories and too low in fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Portion sizes, foods eaten away-from-home and consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages continue to rise. In addition, most North Carolinians do not engage in regular physical activity. The prevalence of overweight and obesity has nearly doubled in the past 10 years. If the trend of overweight is not slowed, it will eliminate the progress we have made in reducing the burden of weigh-related chronic disease. One in every three US children born after 2000 will become diabetic unless many more people start eating less and exercising more. The cost of obesity in North Carolina in health care costs alone is over 2 billion dollars. There are many proposed reasons for the obesity epidemic, however unhealthy eating and physical inactivity are widely recognizes as primary contributors to the problem. Those who make healthy food choices and are physically active are more likely to achieve and maintain a healthy weight as well reduce chronic diseases. Ultimately, this will lead to reduction in health care costs, increased longevity, greater productivity and improved quality of life.
Value* Impact Description
57Number of adults increasing their fruit and vegetables consumption
67Number of youth increasing their fruit and vegetable consumption
495Number of participants increasing their physical activity
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

IV. Number of Contacts Made by Extension

Type of ContactNumber
Face-to-face* 27,690
Non face-to-face** 19,424
Total by Extension staff in 2017 47,114
* Face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make directly with individuals through one-on-one visits, meetings, and other activities where staff members work directly with individuals.
** Non face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make indirectly with individuals by telephone, email, newsletters, news articles, radio, television, and other means.

V. Designated Grants Received by Extension

Type of GrantAmount
Contracts/Grants $35,668.00
Gifts/Donations $4,395.00
In-Kind Grants/Donations $8,420.00
United Way/Foundations $160.00
User Fees $0.00
Total $48,643.00

VI. Volunteer Involvement in Extension Programs

Number of Volunteers* Number of Volunteer Hours Known client contacts by volunteers Dollar Value at 24.14
4-H: 137 400 125 $ 9,656.00
Advisory Leadership System: 0 0 0 $ 0.00
Extension Community Association: 0 0 0 $ 0.00
Extension Master Gardener: 0 0 0 $ 0.00
Other: 0 0 0 $ 0.00
Total: 137 400 125 $ 9,656.00
* The number of volunteers reflects the overall number of volunteers for multiple events.

VII. Membership of Advisory Leadership System

Advisory Leadership Council
Ann Askew
Dan Askew
Reggie Askew
Sylvia Boone
Pat Familar
Jonathan Jones
Henry Jordan
Paul Lilley
Tivante Reid
Lola Rountree
Teresa Robinson
Philip Barry Williams
Renee Nicholson

Agriculture Advisory Committee
John Askew
Robbie Umphlett
Paul Lilley
Felton Outland, Jr.
Rick Morgan
Ralph Rascoe, Sr.
Dennis Trotman
George Kittrell, Jr.
Renee Kittrell
Reggie Askew
Paul Askew
Matt Lowe
Josh Miller
Lynn Hobbs

4H and Youth Committee
Dan Askew
Jeffrey Dent
Amylynn Ashley
Sallie Ryan
Teresa Robinson
Tomas Robinson
Tivante Reid
Johnathan Jones
Xaviar Roscoe
Gregory Crandol
Katie Conrad
Lee Brooks
Jeremy Wright
John Elliott





Family Consumer Science Advisory Committee
Esther Lassiter
Pat Familiar
Robert Jordan
Andy Riddick
Connie Wolfrey
Mona Rawls
Katie Conrad
Renee Nicholson




Commercial Horticulture Advisory Committee
Louis Nixon
Jeff Smith
Lorne Wiggins
Greg Hughes
Fred Smith
Adam Bunch
Jasper Evans
Allan Thornton
Forestry Advisory Committee
Scott Sheets
Robbie Umphlett
J.R. Rountree
Doug Wassum
James Caddy
Brian Saunders
Matt Lowe
Paul Smith

VIII. Staff Membership

Helen Eure
Title: County Extension Director
Phone: (252) 357-1400
Email: helen_eure@ncsu.edu

Nettie Baugher
Title: Area Agent, Agriculture - Commercial Horticulture
Phone: (252) 357-1400
Email: nettie_baugher@ncsu.edu

Keli Boone
Title: Extension Agent, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (252) 357-1400
Email: keli_boone@ncsu.edu

Christian
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Consumer & Retail Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9148
Email: Candice_Christian@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: The overall goal of the Area Specialized Agents (ASAs) in Consumer & Retail Food Safety is to support FCS Agents in delivering timely and evidence-based food safety education and information to stakeholders in North Carolina.

Marjie Copeland
Title: 4-H Program Assistant, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (252) 357-1400
Email: mscopela@ncsu.edu

Ella Cross
Title: 4-H Program Assistant, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (252) 357-1400
Email: ejcross2@ncsu.edu

Erin Eure
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Commercial Fruits & Vegetables
Phone: (252) 357-1400
Email: erin_eure@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides educational opportunities and technical support to commercial fruit and vegetable growers, agents, and industry in northeastern NC.

Chetora Foster
Title: 4-H Program Assistant, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (252) 357-1400
Email: clfoste2@ncsu.edu

Steve Gabel
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Aquaculture
Phone: (252) 482-6585
Email: steve_gabel@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Responsible for aquaculture educational programs for the NC NE extension district.

Rob Garretson
Title: 4-H Program Assistant, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (252) 357-1400
Email: rpgarret@ncsu.edu

Jared Harrell
Title: Area Agent, Agriculture - Livestock
Phone: (252) 426-5428
Email: jared_harrell@ncsu.edu

Marissa Herchler
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Animal Food Safety (FSMA Programs)
Phone: (919) 515-5396
Email: marissa_herchler@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marissa is an Area Specialized Agent for animal food safety, with emphasis on the new Food Safety Modernization Act rules, as they apply to feed mills in North Carolina. Please contact Marissa with any FSMA related questions, or PCQI training inquiries.

Lynette Johnston
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-0303
Email: lynette_johnston@ncsu.edu

Danny Lauderdale
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Nursery and Greenhouse, Eastern Region
Phone: (252) 237-0111
Email: danny_lauderdale@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides programming to commercial ornamental nursery and greenhouse producers in eastern North Carolina.

Bill Lord
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Water Resources
Phone: (919) 496-3344
Email: william_lord@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Water quality education and technical assistance

Junee Nelson
Title: 4-H Program Assistant, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (252) 357-1400
Email: junee_nelson@ncsu.edu

BJ Okleshen
Title: County Extension Administrative Assistant
Phone: (252) 357-1400
Email: bj_okleshen@ncsu.edu

Margaret Ross
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Poultry
Phone: (252) 670-8254
Email: margaret_ross@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Working with commercial poultry producers to assist in writing nutrient management plans and conducting educational programming.

Katy Shook
Title: Area Agent, Agriculture - Consumer Horticulture
Phone: (252) 482-6585
Email: katy_shook@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Chowan, Gates & Perquimans County Consumer Horticulture Agent & Extension Master Gardener Coordinator

Chip Simmons
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Food Safety
Phone: (919) 414-5632
Email: odsimmon@ncsu.edu

Paul Smith
Title: Extension Agent, Agriculture
Phone: (252) 357-1400
Email: paul_smith@ncsu.edu

Scott Tilley
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Field Crops
Phone: (252) 793-4428
Email: scott_tilley@ncsu.edu

Mamie Wilson
Title: 4-H Program Assistant, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (252) 357-1400
Email: mswilso8@ncsu.edu

Mitch Woodward
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Watersheds and Water Quality
Phone: (919) 250-1112
Email: mdwoodwa@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: NC Cooperative Extension's Goals include: - NC's natural resources and environmental quality will be protected, conserved and enhanced. - NC will have profitable, environmentally sustainable plant, animal and food systems. Protecting our environmental resources, particularly drinking water quality, is a top priority in NC. NC Cooperative Extension is a leader in teaching, researching, and accelerating the adoption of effective water quality protection practices.

IX. Contact Information

Gates County Center
112 Court St
Gatesville, NC 27938

Phone: (252) 357-1400
Fax: (252) 357-1167
URL: http://gates.ces.ncsu.edu