2019 Gates County Program Impact Report

Approved: January 26, 2020

I. Executive Summary

In 2019 Gates County Cooperative Extension implemented a variety of programs in the area of Agriculture, Family Consumer Science, and 4-H and Youth Development. Major initiatives identified and prioritized by advisory leaders and local needs assessments resulted in a focus on Profitable and Sustainable Plant Production Systems; Profitable and Sustainable Animal Production Systems; Safety and Security of our Food and Farm Systems ; Healthy Eating, Physical Activity and Chronic Disease Risk Reduction; Leadership; Volunteerism; School to Career; Natural Resources Conservation and Environmental Sustainability; and Urban and Consumer Agriculture. Extension delivered educational programs and provided face-to-face education and assistance to over 24,774 face-to-face contacts. A total of 211 Gates Extension volunteers donated more than 2675 hours of time and expanded the reach of programming by over 1,750 contacts. The total estimated value of volunteer contributions was $68,025. Fundraising, grants and community contributions for program enhancement in 2019 totaled $75,550.

Agriculture, Horticulture and Livestock programming reached Gates County’s youth, adults, farmers, agribusiness, homeowners and non-Ag clientele. Traditional agriculture programming included used oil pick-up, demonstration test plots, the Northeast Expo field days, pesticide certification and re-certification classes, field crop production meetings, Good Agriculture Practices (GAP) Training, commercial vegetable production meetings, PPE education and fit-testing, forest landowner workshops, Albemarle Area Landscape School, Master Gardener certification for youth and adults, school enrichment and livestock show and sale. Additional strategies utilized were home, field and agri-business visits, office consultations and non-face-to-face contacts.

Family and Consumer Science programming focused on the following initiatives: Healthy Eating, Physical Activity and Chronic Disease Risk Reduction. Programs included nutrition programming in the schools, Med Instead of Meds, BBQ Bootcamp and Culinary cooking camp in cooperation with 4-H. FCS impacts resulted in increased physical activity, increased consumption of fruits, vegetables and physical activity.

4-H programs focused on School to Career, Health and Wellness, Leadership and Volunteerism. Gates County 4-H used a variety of educational strategies which, assisted youth (5-18 years of age) in knowledge gained and skill development. Youth were able to participate in 4-H after school programs, school enrichment, special interest, camps, presentations, judging events, and conferences. Interagency collaboration resulted in teen leadership/volunteerism, citizenship and life skill development. 4-H youth have become more engaged in the community through community service projects. Youth have improved academics, cultural competency along with skills in employability public speaking, leadership, citizenship, and social skills.

Gates County Cooperative Extension provided a quality diverse program by empowering people and providing solutions resulting in participant impacts, thus improving the lives of Gates County residents.

II. County Background

Gates County is a rural Tier 1 county located in the northeastern North Carolina. It is categorized as a “bedroom community” for Virginia. There are no large industries in this county, which makes it necessary for 48% of the people to commute to Virginia and surrounding North Carolina counties in order to earn adequate wages. There are several small businesses, most paying their employees minimum wages. There are no large supermarket chains, McDonald's or Walmart. Two Dollar Generals and a Family Dollar are located in the county. The major employers in Gates County are the school system, county government, North Carolina Department of Transportation and agriculture. A Chamber of Commerce was formed in 2010. Due to current economic situations and budget reductions from the state to the local government, this area has been tremendously impacted, thus resulting in some industries closing, personnel cutbacks or lay offs (i.e. shipyard, International Paper). High speed Internet is accessible to approximately 70% of households in Gates County.

Agriculture and forestry have long been important components of the economy of this county. Gates County has a total land area of 217,884 acres. Total acreage attributed to crops and timber is 192,860 of which 44,032 (25%) acres are in harvested cropland and 145,273 (75%) are forestland. Additional agriculture statistics: 182 farms; 348 acres average farm size; and 58.3 average age of farmers. Most recent 2012 statistics indicated delivered value of timber was $15,300,000. Major cash crops include cotton, soybeans, wheat, peanuts, and corn for grain. North Carolina Department of Agriculture (NCDA) most recent 2017 data indicates agriculture income as follows: livestock - $41,914,915; crops - $21,844,212; and government payments – $4,304,528 for a total of $68,063,655 in cash receipts. The total county impact of forestry according to 2012 statistics indicate output of $50,200,000, $12,700,000 in labor income , and 271 jobs. As a neighbor to Virginia, Gates County is experiencing an influx of commuters who work in Virginia and build their homes in Gates County. As a result, prime farmland is being eyed for its development potential. As individuals move into this area from more urban areas, they are less likely to have an understanding of agriculture. There is a potential for farm and non-farm conflicts in rural areas and education of both segments of the rural population is needed to avoid and address potential conflicts.

Gates County’s population is approximately 11,346 of which 35.11% are non-white and 63.19% white. Of the total population, 253 persons have been identified as Hispanic. Census statistics are as follows: 4,439 households; 15.7% of the residents fall below the federal poverty level; 13% receive food assistance; the unemployment rate is approximately 5.8%; property rate per $100 value is $.64; poverty rate is 18; elderly poverty rate is 17; 25.2% uninsured ages 19-64; median household income is $35.647; per capita income is $19,337; 81% home ownership; 1.4% substandard housing; 21% unaffordable housing; 18% with less than HS diploma; 75.6% High School diploma; 11.5% Bachelor’s degree or higher; 44.9% of graduates take SAT; average SAT is 1,358.

Childhood population statistics are as follows: 2,903 (24%) between 0-18 years of age; 40% of those are minorities; 9.1% live in single-parent families; child poverty rate is 24.1; 74% of all the County’s school age children are eligible for free and reduced lunch; 11% w/o health insurance; 28% on Medicaid; 3.2% (9th grade) dropout rate; 82% graduation rate; school expenditures per pupil is $10,213; 42 juvenile complaints; 25% of child abuse and neglect cases substantiated; 405 (28%) of youth ages 12-18 are overweight.

The Gates County Community 2012 Health Assessment reveals that the top five (5) reported leading causes of death in Gates County are 1) Cancer, 2) Heart Disease, 3) Diabetes 4) Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke and (5) Chronic Lower Respiratory. The three health priorities identified in the 2010 Community Health Assessment are Obesity, Chronic Disease Management and Prevention/Early Detection-Access to Health Care. The "Generation Z" age group, born between 1990-2002, which will be the new workforce in 2020 are 33% overweight. The county has one doctor, one dentist, one pharmacy, one nursing home, one assisted living facility and no hospital.

Gates County has seven swamps, one of which is the Great Dismal Swamp, and Merchant's Millpond State Park. Water resources and forestland attract tourists interested in outdoor recreation. The Merchant's Millpond State Park Visitor Center opened in 2009, which provides natural resource education to the public and meeting space. Natural resource conservation and energy conservation need to be addressed to ensure resources are used wisely and eco-tourism can be developed.

The county's rural nature and limited resources has contributed to the strong level of collaboration, partnerships and networking. The people are interested in improving their quality of life, while maintaining the rural characteristics of the county. They believe in helping each other to accomplish this goal which fortifies their spirit of ownership and belonging and vested interest in local issues. Additional strengths are family oriented values, appreciation for services that are provided, interdependence and the ability to provide more personalized services as a result of being able to put a “face” to various issues impacting families.

III. Objectives to Address the Cooperative Extension Long Range Plan

Our family and consumer sciences programs improve the well-being of individuals, families, and communities.

Our plant production programs improve production, profitability, and sustainability of the agriculture sector.

Value* Outcome Description
119Number of producers who gain skills or knowledge to increase production for local markets.
17Number of producers who improve local food marketing skills or knowledge.
258Number of pesticide applicators receiving continuing education credits
43Number of pesticide credit hours provided
16Number of Certified Crops Advisors receiving continuing education credits
576Number of crop (all plant systems) producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
13Number of Extension initiated and controlled county demonstration test sites
22Number of Certified Crops Advisors credit hours provided
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
23Number of producers who diversified their marketing strategies into local markets (direct, intermediated/food service, institutional).
66Number of producers (and other members of the local food supply chain) who have increased revenue
3Number of new farms (beginning farmers) selling into local markets for local consumption (in this reporting period)
0Number of farms that made safety improvements following a CSF on-farm safety review
79Number of participants that have adopted farm safety practices
49Number of producers reporting reduction in fertilizer used per acre
36525Number of acres in conservation tillage or other Best Management Practice
476Number of crop (all plant systems) producers adopting best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
70Number of producers who adopted a dedicated bioenergy crop
25000Number of acres planted to a dedicated bioenergy crop
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Our animal production programs improve production, profitability, and sustainability of the agriculture sector.

Value* Outcome Description
1Number of producers who improve local food marketing skills or knowledge.
3Number of producers who gain skills or knowledge to increase production for local markets.
22Number of animal producers who increased knowledge of farm business management, business planning, financial management, marketing, or estate planning.
5Number of animal producers who learned how to develop a management plan (i.e. grazing plan, feeding plan, drought plan, business plan, disaster plan, etc.)
29Number of producers who increased knowledge of pasture/forage management practices (field improvement, herbicide management, grazing season extension, weed control, forage quality, haylage production, nitrate testing, etc.)
26Number of producers who increased knowledge of nutrition, ration balancing, mineral supplements, breeding, and reproduction
30Number of producers who increased knowledge of the strategies to promote animal health and welfare and reduce the potential for infectious diseases through proper use of vaccines, biosecurity, detection and identification of common diseases, appropriate use of animal medications, and mitigation of antimicrobial resistance transmission
17Number of producers who increased knowledge of animal waste management practices
17Number of animal waste management credits earned through Extension programs
5Number of producers who increased knowledge of how to prepare, mitigate, and recover from natural disasters impacting animal agriculture
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
2Number of producers who diversified their marketing strategies into local markets (direct, intermediated/food service, institutional).
1Number of new farms (beginning farmers) selling into local markets for local consumption (in this reporting period)
1Number of producers (and other members of the local food supply chain) who have increased revenue
4Number of farmers, employees or family members adopting regular use of appropriate PPE following AgriSafe or Certified Safe Farm participation
6Number of producers adopting extension-recommended practices related to planning, marketing, and financial management
17Number of producers implementing Extension-recommended best management practices for animal waste management
9Number of producers who adopted Extension-recommended best management practices and production changes related to quality assurance (vaccinations, castration, culling techniques, etc.)
4Number of producers who adopted Extension-recommended best management practices and production changes related to genetic improvement (AI, heifer/bull selection)
4Number of producers who adopted Extension-recommended best management practices and production changes related to nutrition (mineral, feed rations)
2Number of producers who adopted Extension-recommended best management practices and production changes related to internal parasite management (fecals, deworming)
8Number of producers who adopted Extension-recommended best management practices related to pasture management
9Number of producers who adopted Extension-recommended best management practices and production changes related to nutrition, ration balancing, mineral supplement, breeding, and reproduction
4Number of producers using improved biosecurity practices
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Our 4-H youth development programs grow the skills young people need to succeed in life and career.

Value* Outcome Description
18Number of teachers trained in 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum
359Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
119Total number of female participants in STEM program
105Number of youth (students) participating in 4-H dropout prevention (student at-risk) programs
166Number of youth increasing knowledge of life skills
652Number of children/youth who improved knowledge of local food and agricultural systems.
166Number of youth increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
250Number of youth demonstrating increased knowledge of natural resources and environmental issues
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
14Number of teachers using 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum in their classrooms
105Number of youth (students) gaining career / employability skills
49Number of youth (students) gaining entrepreneurship skills
166Number of youth using effective life skills
243Number of youth increasing their physical activity
11Number of youth volunteers serving in new or expanded roles within Extension
6Number of youth volunteers serving in new or expanded roles beyond Extension, including community boards and task forces
23Number of youth assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Our consumer horticulture programs teach families and communities about environmentally friendly methods for gardening and controlling pests.

Value* Outcome Description
21Number of individuals who gain knowledge or acquire skills related to vegetable/fruit gardening
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
99Number of individuals who grow food in community gardens.
99Number of individuals who begin home food production by starting a vegetable and/or fruit garden
27Number of participants who use extension-recommended best management practices in landscapes, turf, and gardens, including pest (insect, weed, disease, wildlife) and soil management
15Number of participants selecting appropriate landscape plants (adapted, drought tolerant, appropriate size, etc.)
16Number of participants growing food for home consumption
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Our food safety and nutrition programs create a safer and more sustainable food supply and improve the health and nutrition of individuals, families, and our communities.

Value* Outcome Description
55Number of participants who increase their knowledge of safe home food handling, preservation, or preparation practices
19Number of food handlers who increase their knowledge and skills in safe food handling practices
95Number of individuals who learn how to prepare local foods, including through use of home food preservation techniques.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
13Number of adults increasing their fruit and vegetables consumption
6Number of participants increasing their physical activity
9Number of participants who consume less sodium in their diet
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

IV. Number of Contacts Made by Extension

Type of ContactNumber
Face-to-face* 24,774
Non face-to-face** 108,230
Total by Extension staff in 2019 133,004
* Face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make directly with individuals through one-on-one visits, meetings, and other activities where staff members work directly with individuals.
** Non face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make indirectly with individuals by telephone, email, newsletters, news articles, radio, television, and other means.

V. Designated Grants Received by Extension

Type of GrantAmount
Contracts/Grants $35,153.00
Gifts/Donations $1,250.00
In-Kind Grants/Donations $9,500.00
United Way/Foundations $148.00
User Fees $29,499.00
Total $75,550.00

VI. Volunteer Involvement in Extension Programs

Number of Volunteers* Number of Volunteer Hours Known client contacts by volunteers Dollar Value at 25.43
4-H 175 2573 1750 $ 65,431.00
Advisory Leadership System 10 15 0 $ 381.00
Other: Administrative 1 3 0 $ 76.00
Other: Agriculture 25 84 0 $ 2,136.00
Total: 211 2675 1750 $ 68,025.00
* The number of volunteers reflects the overall number of volunteers for multiple events.

VII. Membership of Advisory Leadership System

Advisory Leadership Council
Ann Askew
Dan Askew
Reggie Askew
Sylvia Boone
Pat Familar
Jonathan Jones
Henry Jordan
Paul Lilley
Tivante Reid
Lola Rountree
Teresa Robinson
Philip Barry Williams
Renee Nicholson

Agriculture Advisory Committee
John Askew
Robbie Umphlett
Paul Lilley
Felton Outland, Jr.
Rick Morgan
Ralph Rascoe, Sr.
Dennis Trotman
George Kittrell, Jr.
Helen Eure
Reggie Askew
Paul Askew
Matt Lowe
Josh Miller
Lynn Hobbs

4H and Youth Committee
Dan Askew
Jeffrey Dent
Amylynn Ashley
Sallie Ryan
Teresa Robinson
Tomas Robinson
Tivante Reid
Johnathan Jones
Xaviar Roscoe
Gregory Crandol
Katie Conrad
Lee Brooks
Jeremy Wright
John Elliott
Renee Nicholson





Family Consumer Science Advisory Committee
Esther Lassiter
Pat Familiar
Robert Jordan
Andy Riddick
Connie Wolfrey
Katie Conrad
Sylvia Boone




Commercial Horticulture Advisory Committee
Louis Nixon
Jeff Smith
Lorne Wiggins
Greg Hughes
Fred Smith
Adam Bunch
Jasper Evans
Allan Thornton
Forestry Advisory Committee
Scott Sheets
Robbie Umphlett
J.R. Rountree
Doug Wassum
James Caddy
Brian Saunders
Matt Lowe
Paul Smith

VIII. Staff Membership

Helen Eure
Title: County Extension Director and Extension Agent, Family and Consumer Sciences
Phone: (252) 357-1400
Email: helen_eure@ncsu.edu

Nettie Baugher
Title: Area Agent, Agriculture - Commercial Horticulture
Phone: (252) 357-1400
Email: nettie_baugher@ncsu.edu

Keli Boone
Title: Extension Agent, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (252) 357-1400
Email: knboone@ncat.edu

Candice Christian
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Consumer and Retail Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9148
Email: cadescha@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: The overall goal of the Area Specialized Agents (ASAs) in Consumer & Retail Food Safety is to provide North Carolinians with technical food safety information and to support Family and Consumer Sciences agents in delivering timely and evidence-based food safety education and information to stakeholders.

Marti Day
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Dairy
Phone: (919) 542-8202
Email: marti_day@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Responsible for educational programs for dairy farmers, youth with an interest in dairy projects and the general public with an interest in dairy foods and the dairy industry.

Erin Eure
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Commercial Fruits and Vegetables
Phone: (252) 357-1400
Email: erin_eure@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides educational opportunities and technical support to commercial fruit and vegetable growers, agents, and industry in northeastern NC.

Steve Gabel
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Aquaculture
Phone: (252) 482-6585
Email: steve_gabel@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Responsible for aquaculture educational programs for the NC NE extension district.

Jared Harrell
Title: Area Agent, Agriculture - Livestock
Phone: (252) 426-5428
Email: jared_harrell@ncsu.edu

Marissa Herchler
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Animal Food Safety (FSMA Programs)
Phone: (919) 515-5396
Email: marissa_herchler@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marissa is an Area Specialized Agent for animal food safety, with emphasis on the new Food Safety Modernization Act rules, as they apply to feed mills in North Carolina. Please contact Marissa with any FSMA related questions, or PCQI training inquiries.

Lynette Johnston
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-0303
Email: lynette_johnston@ncsu.edu

Danny Lauderdale
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Ornamental Nursery and Greenhouse, Eastern Region
Phone: (252) 237-0111
Email: danny_lauderdale@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides programming to commercial ornamental nursery and greenhouse producers in eastern North Carolina.

Lori McBryde
Title: Area 4-H Agent, East Region
Phone: (919) 989-5380
Email: lori_mcbryde@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provide support the Eastern 34 Counties of the Northeast and Southeast Districts in 4-H Youth Development.

BJ Okleshen
Title: County Extension Administrative Assistant
Phone: (252) 357-1400
Email: bj_okleshen@ncsu.edu

Ashley Robbins
Title: Area Specialized Agent - Dairy
Phone: (919) 542-8203
Email: ashley_robbins@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marti Day and I are the Area Specialized Dairy Agents - the county-based arm of the Cooperative Extension Dairy Team. We are out here in the counties to help you set and reach your farm, family and business goals. We have collaborative expertise in the areas of Waste Management, Udder Health, Cow Comfort, Nutrition and Forage Management with specialties in (Ashley)Reproduction, Records Management, Animal Health and (Marti)Alternative Markets, Organic Dairy, Grazing Management, and On-farm Processing. We hope to provide comprehensive educational programs for our farmers, consumers and youth for every county across the state. We are here for you by phone, email or text and look forward to working with you!

Margaret Ross
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Poultry
Phone: (252) 670-8254
Email: margaret_ross@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Working with commercial poultry producers to assist in writing nutrient management plans and conducting educational programming.

Katy Shook
Title: Area Agent, Agriculture - Consumer Horticulture
Phone: (252) 482-6585
Email: katy_shook@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Chowan, Gates & Perquimans County Consumer Horticulture Agent & Extension Master Gardener Coordinator

Chip Simmons
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Food Safety
Phone: (919) 414-5632
Email: odsimmon@ncsu.edu

Paul Smith
Title: Extension Agent, Agriculture
Phone: (252) 357-1400
Email: paul_smith@ncsu.edu

Scott Tilley
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Grain
Phone: (252) 793-4428
Email: scott_tilley@ncsu.edu

Mitch Woodward
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Watersheds and Water Quality
Phone: (919) 414-3873
Email: mdwoodwa@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: NC Cooperative Extension's Goals include: - NC's natural resources and environmental quality will be protected, conserved and enhanced. - NC will have profitable, environmentally sustainable plant, animal and food systems. Protecting our environmental resources, particularly drinking water quality, is a top priority in NC. NC Cooperative Extension is a leader in teaching, researching, and accelerating the adoption of effective water quality protection practices.

IX. Contact Information

Gates County Center
112 Court St
Gatesville, NC 27938

Phone: (252) 357-1400
Fax: (252) 357-1167
URL: http://gates.ces.ncsu.edu