2018 Gates County Program Impact Report

Approved: January 27, 2019

I. Executive Summary

In 2018 Gates County Cooperative Extension implemented a variety of programs in the area of Agriculture, Family Consumer Science, and 4-H and Youth Development. Major initiatives identified and prioritized by advisory leaders and local needs assessments resulted in a focus on Profitable and Sustainable Plant Production Systems; Profitable and Sustainable Animal Production Systems; Safety and Security of our Food and Farm Systems ; Healthy Eating, Physical Activity and Chronic Disease Risk Reduction; Leadership; Volunteerism; School to Career; Natural Resources Conservation and Environmental Sustainability; and Urban and Consumer Agriculture. Extension delivered educational programs and provided face-to-face education and assistance to over 47,114 face-to-face contacts. A total of 90 Gates Extension volunteers donated more than 1460 hours of time and expanded the reach of programming by over 5,103 contacts. The total estimated value of volunteer contributions was $36,245. Fundraising, grants and community contributions for program enhancement in 2018 totaled $97,218.

Agriculture, Horticulture and Livestock programming reached Gates County’s youth, adults, farmers, agribusiness men, homeowners and non-Ag clientele. Traditional agriculture programming included used oil pick-up, demonstration test plots, the Northeast Expo field days, pesticide certification and re-certification classes, field crop production meetings, Good Agriculture Practices (GAP) Training, commercial vegetable production meetings, PPE education and fit-testing, forest landowner workshops, Albemarle Area Landscape School, Master Gardener certification for youth and adults, school enrichment and livestock show and sale. Additional strategies utilized were home, field and agri-business visits, office consultations and non-face-to-face contacts. The total economic impact of agriculture programs in Gates County as a result of Gates County Extension initiatives totaled $1,831,985 in dollars saved and net income gained.

Family and Consumer Science programming focused on the following initiatives: Healthy Eating, Physical Activity and Chronic Disease Risk Reduction. Programs included Steps to Health (2nd grade healthy eating). FCS impacts resulted in increased physical activity, increased consumption of fruits, vegetables and physical activity.

4-H programs focused on School to Career, Health and Wellness, Leadership and Volunteerism. Gates County 4-H used a variety of educational strategies which, assisted youth (5-18 years of age) in knowledge gained and skill development. Youth were able to participate in 4-H after school programs, school enrichment, special interest, camps, presentations, judging events, and conferences. Interagency collaboration resulted in teen leadership/volunteerism, citizenship and life skill development. 4-H youth have become more engaged in the community through community service projects. Youth have improved academics, cultural competency along with skills in employability public speaking, leadership, citizenship, and social skills.

Gates County Cooperative Extension provided a quality diverse program by empowering people and providing solutions resulting in participant impacts, thus improving the lives of Gates County residents.

II. County Background

Gates County is a rural Tier 1 county located in the northeastern North Carolina. It is categorized as a “bedroom community” for Virginia. There are no large industries in this county, which makes it necessary for 48% of the people to commute to Virginia and surrounding North Carolina counties in order to earn adequate wages. There are several small businesses, most paying their employees minimum wages. There are no large supermarket chains, McDonald's or Walmart. Two Dollar Generals and a Family Dollar are located in the county. The major employers in Gates County are the school system, county government, North Carolina Department of Transportation and agriculture. A Chamber of Commerce was formed in 2010. Due to current economic situations and budget reductions from the state to the local government, this area has been tremendously impacted, thus resulting in some industries closing, personnel cutbacks or lay offs (i.e. shipyard, International Paper). High speed Internet is accessible to approximately 70% of households in Gates County.

Agriculture and forestry have long been important components of the economy of this county. Gates County has a total land area of 217,884 acres. Total acreage attributed to crops and timber is 192,860 of which 44,032 (25%) acres are in harvested cropland and 145,273 (75%) are forestland. Additional agriculture statistics: 182 farms; 348 acres average farm size; and 58.3 average age of farmers. Most recent 2012 statistics indicated delivered value of timber was $15,300,000. Major cash crops include cotton, soybeans, wheat, peanuts, and corn for grain. North Carolina Department of Agriculture (NCDA) most recent 2012 data indicates agriculture income as follows: livestock - $34,211,000; crops - $24.395,000; and government payments – 5,104,792 for a total of $63,710,792 in cash receipts. The total county impact of forestry according to 2012 statistics indicate output of $50,200,000, $12,700,000 in labor income , and 271 jobs. As a neighbor to Virginia, Gates County is experiencing an influx of commuters who work in Virginia and build their homes in Gates County. As a result, prime farmland is being eyed for its development potential. As individuals move into this area from more urban areas, they are less likely to have an understanding of agriculture. There is a potential for farm and non-farm conflicts in rural areas and education of both segments of the rural population is needed to avoid and address potential conflicts.

Gates County’s population is approximately 12,197 of which 33.2% are non-white and 63.7% white. Of the total population, 81 persons have been identified as Hispanic, which is less than 1% of the total population. Census statistics are as follows: 4633 households; 19.6% of the residents fall below the federal poverty level; 13% receive food assistance; the unemployment rate is approximately 5.8%; property rate per $100 value is $.64; poverty rate is 18; elderly poverty rate is 17; 25.2% uninsured ages 19-64; median household income is $35.647; per capita income is $19,337; 81% home ownership; 1.4% substandard housing; 21% unaffordable housing; 18% with less than HS diploma; 75.6% High School diploma; 11.5% Bachelor’s degree or higher; 44.9% of graduates take SAT; average SAT is 1,358.

Childhood population statistics are as follows: 2,903 (24%) between 0-18 years of age; 40% of those are minorities; 9.1% live in single-parent families; child poverty rate is 24.1; 74% of all the County’s school age children are eligible for free and reduced lunch; 11% w/o health insurance; 28% on Medicaid; 3.2% (9th grade) dropout rate; 82% graduation rate; school expenditures per pupil is $10,213; 42 juvenile complaints; 25% of child abuse and neglect cases substantiated; 405 (28%) of youth ages 12-18 are overweight.

The Gates County Community 2012 Health Assessment reveals that the top five (5) reported leading causes of death in Gates County are 1) Cancer, 2) Heart Disease, 3) Diabetes 4) Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke and (5) Chronic Lower Respiratory. The three health priorities identified in the 2010 Community Health Assessment are Obesity, Chronic Disease Management and Prevention/Early Detection-Access to Health Care. The "Generation Z" age group, born between 1990-2002, which will be the new workforce in 2020 are 33% overweight. The county has one doctor, one dentist, one pharmacy, one nursing home, one assisted living facility and no hospital.

Gates County has seven swamps, one of which is the Great Dismal Swamp, and Merchant's Millpond State Park. Water resources and forestland attract tourists interested in outdoor recreation. The Merchant's Millpond State Park Visitor Center opened in 2009, which provides natural resource education to the public and meeting space. Natural resource conservation and energy conservation need to be addressed to ensure resources are used wisely and eco-tourism can be developed.

The county's rural nature and limited resources has contributed to the strong level of collaboration, partnerships and networking. The people are interested in improving their quality of life, while maintaining the rural characteristics of the county. They believe in helping each other to accomplish this goal which fortifies their spirit of ownership and belonging and vested interest in local issues. Additional strengths are family oriented values, appreciation for services that are provided, interdependence and the ability to provide more personalized services as a result of being able to put a “face” to various issues impacting families.

III. Objectives to Address the Cooperative Extension Long Range Plan

North Carolina's plant production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.

Value* Outcome Description
355Number of crop (all plant systems) producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
8Number of Extension initiated and controlled County demonstration test sites (new required for GLF/PSI reporting)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
333Number of crop (all plant systems) producers adopting best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
788500Net income gains realized by the adoption of best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
118Number of producers reporting increased dollar returns per acre or reduced costs per acre
63Number of producers reporting reduction in fertilizer used per acre
21000Number of acres in conservation tillage or other Best Management Practice
60Number of producers who adopted a dedicated bioenergy crop
28000Number of acres planted to a dedicated bioenergy crop
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

North Carolina's animal production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.

Value* Outcome Description
117Number of animal producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
21Number of animal producers adopting Extension-recommended best management practices, including those practices related to husbandry, improved planning, marketing, and financial practices
127493Net income gains by producers adopting Extension-recommended best management practices, including those practices related to husbandry, improved planning, marketing, and financial practices
17Number of animal producers implementing Extension-recommended best management practices for animal waste management
17Number of waste management certifications gained or maintained due to Extension education efforts
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Agricultural producers, workers, food handlers and consumers will adopt safer food and agricultural production, handling, and distribution practices that reduce workplace and home injuries/illnesses, enhance food security, and increase the quality and safety of food that North Carolinians prepare and consume.

Value* Outcome Description
17Number of commercial/public operators trained
0Number of pesticide application credit hours provided
49Number of persons certified in Pork Quality Assurance (PQA) or Beef Quality Assurance (BQA)
12Number of participants participating in AgriSafe personal protective equipment (PPE) selection or fit testing
5TOTAL number of food handlers receiving food safety training and education in safe food handling practices (new required data for federal reporting)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
1Number of participants that have adopted farm safety practices
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Individuals and groups will acquire leadership and decision making capacities needed to guide and actively participate in local and state organizations.

Value* Outcome Description
84Number of adults increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
84Number of adults assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
115Number of youth increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
21Number of youth assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
84Number of adults increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
84Number of adults assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
115Number of youth increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
21Number of youth assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Youth and adults will address community issues and/or challenges through volunteerism.

Value* Outcome Description
90Number of adult participants acquiring the skills needed to serve as a volunteer
154Number of youth participants reporting aspirations to serve in new or expanded volunteer roles in community
44Number of adult participants reporting aspirations to serve in new or expanded volunteer roles in community
51Number of hours adult volunteer training conducted
32Number of hours youth volunteer training conducted
14Number new volunteers recruited
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
933Increased number of hours contributed by trained youth volunteers
200Increased number of hours contributed by trained adult volunteers
2Number of youth volunteers serving in new or expanded roles within Extension
15Number of adult volunteers serving in new or expanded roles within Extension
4Number of youth volunteers serving in new or expanded roles beyond Extension, including community boards and task forces
14Number of adult volunteers serving in new or expanded roles beyond Extension, including community boards and task forces
15Number of youth volunteers recruiting and/or training new volunteers
8Number of adult volunteers recruiting and/or training new volunteers
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Futures that Work: School to Career Pathways

Value* Outcome Description
21Number of teachers trained in 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum
440Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
169Total number of female participants in STEM program
12Number of high school age youth (students) participating as members of 4-H clubs
236Number of high school age youth (students) participating as members in 4-H clubs that have dropped out of high school
155Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge of career/employability skills
16Number of adults increasing knowledge of career/employability skills
126Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge of entrepreneurship
21Number of adults increasing knowledge of entrepreneurship
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
9Number of teachers using 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum in their classrooms
440Number of youth (students) gaining knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
167Number of youth (students) gaining career / employability skills
17Number of adults gaining career / employability skills
145Number of youth (students) gaining entrepreneurship skills
13Number of adults gaining entrepreneurship skills
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

North Carolinians will make decisions and adopt practices that implement effective resource protection and conservation.

Consumers and communities will enhance the value of plants, animals, and landscapes while conserving valuable natural resources and protecting the environment.

Value* Outcome Description
27Number of participants improving knowledge, attitude, skills and aspirations regarding gardening and landscape practices including plant selection and placement, turfgrass management, soil management, growing food, water conservation and water quality preservation, storm water and erosion management, green waste management, pest and wildlife management
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
25Number of participants who use extension-recommended best management practices in landscapes, turf, and gardens, including pest (insect, weed, disease) management, fertility management, water conservation, water quality preservation and pruning techniques
2888Total cost savings from the use of extension-recommended best management practices in landscapes, turf, and gardens, including pest (insect, weed, disease) management, fertility management, water conservation, water quality preservation and pruning techniques
23Number of participants selecting appropriate landscape plants (adapted, drought tolerant, appropriate size, etc.)
3135Cost savings from the appropriate selection of landscape plants
15Number of participants growing food for home consumption
1370Value of produce grown for home consumption
2426Costs savings from implementing extension-recommended practices to conserve water use and protect water qualtiy
22Number of participants implementing extension-recommended practices to conserve water use and protect water qualtiy
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Youth and adult program participants will make healthy food choices, achieve the recommended amount of physical activity and reduce risk factors for chronic diseases.

Value* Impact Description
60Number of adults increasing their fruit and vegetables consumption
100Number of youth increasing their fruit and vegetable consumption
493Number of participants increasing their physical activity
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

IV. Number of Contacts Made by Extension

Type of ContactNumber
Face-to-face* 38,591
Non face-to-face** 23,616
Total by Extension staff in 2018 62,207
* Face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make directly with individuals through one-on-one visits, meetings, and other activities where staff members work directly with individuals.
** Non face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make indirectly with individuals by telephone, email, newsletters, news articles, radio, television, and other means.

V. Designated Grants Received by Extension

Type of GrantAmount
Contracts/Grants $31,468.00
Gifts/Donations $3,700.00
In-Kind Grants/Donations $11,200.00
United Way/Foundations $1,700.00
User Fees $50,000.00
Total $98,068.00

VI. Volunteer Involvement in Extension Programs

Number of Volunteers* Number of Volunteer Hours Known client contacts by volunteers Dollar Value at 24.69
4-H: 84 1,450 0 $ 35,801.00
Advisory Leadership System: 0 0 0 $ 0.00
Extension Community Association: 0 0 0 $ 0.00
Extension Master Gardener: 0 0 0 $ 0.00
Other: 6 18 0 $ 444.00
Total: 90 1468 0 $ 36,245.00
* The number of volunteers reflects the overall number of volunteers for multiple events.

VII. Membership of Advisory Leadership System

Advisory Leadership Council
Ann Askew
Dan Askew
Reggie Askew
Sylvia Boone
Pat Familar
Jonathan Jones
Henry Jordan
Paul Lilley
Tivante Reid
Lola Rountree
Teresa Robinson
Philip Barry Williams
Renee Nicholson

Agriculture Advisory Committee
John Askew
Robbie Umphlett
Paul Lilley
Felton Outland, Jr.
Rick Morgan
Ralph Rascoe, Sr.
Dennis Trotman
George Kittrell, Jr.
Renee Kittrell
Reggie Askew
Paul Askew
Matt Lowe
Josh Miller
Lynn Hobbs

4H and Youth Committee
Dan Askew
Jeffrey Dent
Amylynn Ashley
Sallie Ryan
Teresa Robinson
Tomas Robinson
Tivante Reid
Johnathan Jones
Xaviar Roscoe
Gregory Crandol
Katie Conrad
Lee Brooks
Jeremy Wright
John Elliott





Family Consumer Science Advisory Committee
Esther Lassiter
Pat Familiar
Robert Jordan
Andy Riddick
Connie Wolfrey
Mona Rawls
Katie Conrad
Renee Nicholson




Commercial Horticulture Advisory Committee
Louis Nixon
Jeff Smith
Lorne Wiggins
Greg Hughes
Fred Smith
Adam Bunch
Jasper Evans
Allan Thornton
Forestry Advisory Committee
Scott Sheets
Robbie Umphlett
J.R. Rountree
Doug Wassum
James Caddy
Brian Saunders
Matt Lowe
Paul Smith

VIII. Staff Membership

Helen Eure
Title: County Extension Director and Family and Consumer Sciences Agent
Phone: (252) 357-1400
Email: helen_eure@ncsu.edu

Nettie Baugher
Title: Area Agent, Agriculture - Commercial Horticulture
Phone: (252) 357-1400
Email: nettie_baugher@ncsu.edu

Shalland Beamon
Title: 4-H Program Assistant, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (252) 357-1400
Email: slbeamon@ncsu.edu

Keli Boone
Title: Extension Agent, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (252) 357-1400
Email: keli_boone@ncsu.edu

Candice Christian
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Consumer and Retail Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9148
Email: Candice_Christian@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: The overall goal of the Area Specialized Agents (ASAs) in Consumer & Retail Food Safety is to support FCS Agents in delivering timely and evidence-based food safety education and information to stakeholders in North Carolina.

Erin Eure
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Commercial Fruits and Vegetables
Phone: (252) 357-1400
Email: erin_eure@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides educational opportunities and technical support to commercial fruit and vegetable growers, agents, and industry in northeastern NC.

Steve Gabel
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Aquaculture
Phone: (252) 482-6585
Email: steve_gabel@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Responsible for aquaculture educational programs for the NC NE extension district.

Jared Harrell
Title: Area Agent, Agriculture - Livestock
Phone: (252) 426-5428
Email: jared_harrell@ncsu.edu

Marissa Herchler
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Animal Food Safety (FSMA Programs)
Phone: (919) 515-5396
Email: marissa_herchler@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marissa is an Area Specialized Agent for animal food safety, with emphasis on the new Food Safety Modernization Act rules, as they apply to feed mills in North Carolina. Please contact Marissa with any FSMA related questions, or PCQI training inquiries.

Lynette Johnston
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-0303
Email: lynette_johnston@ncsu.edu

Danny Lauderdale
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Nursery and Greenhouse, Eastern Region
Phone: (252) 237-0111
Email: danny_lauderdale@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides programming to commercial ornamental nursery and greenhouse producers in eastern North Carolina.

Bill Lord
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Water Resources
Phone: (919) 496-3344
Email: william_lord@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Water quality education and technical assistance

BJ Okleshen
Title: County Extension Administrative Assistant
Phone: (252) 357-1400
Email: bj_okleshen@ncsu.edu

Margaret Ross
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Poultry
Phone: (252) 670-8254
Email: margaret_ross@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Working with commercial poultry producers to assist in writing nutrient management plans and conducting educational programming.

Katy Shook
Title: Area Agent, Agriculture - Consumer Horticulture
Phone: (252) 482-6585
Email: katy_shook@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Chowan, Gates & Perquimans County Consumer Horticulture Agent & Extension Master Gardener Coordinator

Chip Simmons
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Food Safety
Phone: (919) 414-5632
Email: odsimmon@ncsu.edu

Paul Smith
Title: Extension Agent, Agriculture
Phone: (252) 357-1400
Email: paul_smith@ncsu.edu

Scott Tilley
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Field Crops
Phone: (252) 793-4428
Email: scott_tilley@ncsu.edu

Mitch Woodward
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Watersheds and Water Quality
Phone: (919) 250-1112
Email: mdwoodwa@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: NC Cooperative Extension's Goals include: - NC's natural resources and environmental quality will be protected, conserved and enhanced. - NC will have profitable, environmentally sustainable plant, animal and food systems. Protecting our environmental resources, particularly drinking water quality, is a top priority in NC. NC Cooperative Extension is a leader in teaching, researching, and accelerating the adoption of effective water quality protection practices.

IX. Contact Information

Gates County Center
112 Court St
Gatesville, NC 27938

Phone: (252) 357-1400
Fax: (252) 357-1167
URL: http://gates.ces.ncsu.edu