2020 Anson County Plan of Work

Approved: January 13, 2020

I. County Background

Anson County is located in the central, southern region of North Carolina. A rural county, agriculture continues to be the top economic generator for the county. According to the North Carolina Department of Agriculture, there are 429 farms in the county. Their numbers rank Anson as 14th in the state for overall agricultural income. With 63% of the county as timberland, forest production in Anson last year ranked the county 5th in the state. Delivered value in 2017 was $26,980,032 in forestry. Ag cash receipts in 2017 were $197,925,492, for a total of over $224M.

The county's population is around 26,000, with seven townships, and Wadesboro as the county seat at a population of 5,700. In residence, 79% of the population lives in rural areas, with the other 21% in towns. The county is economically distressed and ranks as a Tier I county, with an unemployment rate of 4.1 percent.

Environmental scans to determine community needs utilized formal evaluation methods during programming, input from networking partners, and informal assessments of members of specialized advisory committees. In addition, individual client feedback was utilized, as well as the demand for services from our office and public records of on-farm incidents.

The following issues and trends relevant to the agricultural community were identified: fluctuating cattle markets, decreasing commodity prices, emerging technologies in the agriculture sector, an increased interest in new landowners and small-scale farming (>10 acres), increased interest in small ruminant production, and dealing with weather impacts that have an adverse effect including forages. Anson Extension is expanding agriculture and natural resource outreach to more civic organizations and classrooms in the county than ever. Community interests include consumer horticulture, local foods, small farm startup, farm diversification, and improvement and small farm startup.

Family trends in the county include: vaping, sexting and the negative use of social media, a large percentage of residents receiving public assistance, multiple undisciplined or delinquent referrals, a lack of housing and recreation for children, substance abuse, minor and serious problems in school, youth associating with others who have been involved in delinquent activities, decreased parental and family involvement.

Current targeted needs include: improvement in best management practices and marketing options for cattle producers, best management practices for forages, including hay and silage production, weed control, and fertilization, increasing participation and community support in youth livestock programs, support for row crop farmers through research trials, specialist connections, educational meetings on new technologies, pesticide education and re-certification opportunities, waste management trainings, and management, as well as on-farm safety training. Additional needs include consumer horticulture and forestry technical assistance and classes, stewardship and protection of rural areas, and farmland preservation for both new farmers and their property owners.

Youth and family needs include funds to provide programs, volunteers or personnel to provide programs, implementation of robotics in existing clubs, internships to provide resources, more school activities for non-athletes, more positive leadership and role models, more adult involvement in youth programs, job or occupational training, and a new office and location for the Cooperative Extension office.

In response to current trends, in the coming year, Anson County Cooperative Extension programs will include pesticide re-certification opportunities, workshops on beef cattle management through the Anson County Cattlemen's Association, continued support and promotion of the state graded feeder calf sales, tri-county field crops research, field days, production meetings, grain marketing workshops, restructure/ improvement of the 4-H livestock club, value-added marketing program for livestock including Beef Quality Assurance certifications, workshops on small ruminants, management of animal waste plans for hog producers, and safety audits through the Certified Safe Farm Program. Specialty crops will be explored as beginning farmers looking to expand and diversify. Assistance will be given to commercial growers to address pests, identify other marketing opportunities/outlets, and work will continue with aspiring farmers to identify resources and set business plan goals. Horticulture, crop production, natural resource, and land management concerns will be addressed by providing technical assistance, offering classes, and one-on-one assistance to empower farmers and homeowners. The goal is to assist clients to achieve their sustainable agriculture goals in a manner that integrates environmental health, social equity, and economic profitability. Ongoing work with the Anson County Voluntary and Enhanced Voluntary Agricultural Districts will also continue.

Youth Programs will implement robotics at the elementary school age level; partner with court counselors and Juvenile Crime Prevention Council (JCPC) to ensure existing programs are effective; continue to incorporate existing program components for youth and their parents to learn to communicate better, resist negative influences, appropriately resolve conflict and make better choices for a healthier lifestyle; recruit youth to participate with AIRE (Application, Interview, Resume and Essay), which is a workforce development and college prep program; provide opportunities for youth to attend leadership and enrichment opportunities at the state and local level; offer volunteer opportunities for teen 4-H’ers; continue to offer summer programs for youth in the county while on summer break; offer programs throughout the school year for youth enrolled in 4-H; offer school enrichment opportunities for 2nd and 3rd graders in the county; continue to provide backpack buddies for youth and families in need.

As the county's link to North Carolina State University and NC A&T State University, the Anson County Center and staff of NC Cooperative Extension are committed to providing quality educational programs that are relevant to the county. This working document outlines some of those programs and Extension's plan of work for the next year.

II. Objectives to Address the Cooperative Extension Long Range Plan

Our plant production programs improve production, profitability, and sustainability of the agriculture sector.

Our animal production programs improve production, profitability, and sustainability of the agriculture sector.

Our community development programs build strong and thriving communities.

Our 4-H youth development programs grow the skills young people need to succeed in life and career.

Our natural resource and environmental programs conserve our precious natural resources and maintain a clean and healthy environment.

Our consumer horticulture programs teach families and communities about environmentally friendly methods for gardening and controlling pests.

Our food safety and nutrition programs create a safer and more sustainable food supply and improve the health and nutrition of individuals, families, and our communities.

III. Relationship to County Government Objectives

The County of Anson currently does not have a strategic plan,they are currently working on a Comprehensive Land Use Plan for 2040 which will represent goals, policies and recommendations for future land use and physical development of the county. However, Cooperative Extension programs in the county reflect county government's expectations for quality customer service, integrity, efficient use of resources, accountability and programs that bring value to the public. In addition, Extension programming focuses on economic impacts, education for all, youth and adult health and wellness, and conservation of our natural resources, all past goals that the Board of Commissioners have identified as critical to the county.

As another county government function, Anson County Cooperative Extension administers the county’s Voluntary and Enhanced Voluntary Agricultural Districts Ordinance. Through this program, Extension works with the 11-member Anson Agricultural Advisory Board, appointed by the County Commissioners. In addition, to overseeing the ordinance, the group’s responsibilities include advising the Board of Commissioners on projects, programs, or issues affecting the agricultural economy or activities within the county that affect agriculture.

Also, as a county department, Cooperative Extension stands ready to support and serve county operations in the event of any emergency or natural disaster. The County Extension Director and Extension staff members have been certified in ICS 100, ICS 200, ICS 700 and ICS 800 of the Emergency Management Institute of FEMA. In addition, the auditorium of the Extension Center is available for use by government officials during times of emergency operations.

IV. Diversity Plan

The NC Cooperative Extension is dedicated to equality of opportunity and offers equal access in all programs. Accordingly, the Anson County Cooperative Extension Center does not practice or condone harassment or discrimination in any form. Rather, it provides equal opportunities without regard to age, color, disability, family and marital status, gender identity, genetic information, national origin, political beliefs, race, religion, sex (including pregnancy), sexual orientation and veteran status.

The US Census Bureau estimates indicate that the county has 24,877 residents that racially break down to 47.4% white, 48.6% black, 4.3% Latino, 1.5% Asian and 1.0% American Indian. Latino numbers may be of any race, so they also are included in applicable race categories, which explains a discrepancy in percentages. Statewide, Latinos are estimated at 9.6%. Neighboring counties have increasingly large Latino populations, Anson does not. This may be due in part to a lack of jobs in the county that normally tend to draw Latino workers, such as construction, meat processing plants and large produce operations.

To ensure that Cooperative Extension programs reach diverse audiences throughout the year, the Anson County Center utilizes the following methods:
- Representation of county demographics on Anson County Cooperative Extension Advisory Council and Specialized Committees.
- Yearly rotation of membership on advisory boards and committees to ensure adequate representation.
- Utilization of advisory groups and volunteers that might attract new audiences to plan and assist with implementation of programs to targeted groups.
- Scheduling meeting times and places that will encourage rather than inhibit participation from underrepresented groups, such as nights and weekends.
- Networking with university specialists, agency representatives, and county contacts to provide bilingual programs when available.
- Completing Limited English Proficiency Plan four factor analysis and Civil Rights Compliance Checklist with staff.
- Using a variety of teaching methods designed to reach different audiences.
- Advertising programs through newsletters, letters, news articles, flyers, the web, social media, and word of mouth.
- Announcing programs during other meetings.
- Maintaining records of attendance, with race identified, at all educational programs and updating hard copy civil rights files with current documentation.
- Displaying nondiscrimination posters and documentation.
- Including affirmative action statements on all letters, brochures, flyers, newsletters and printed pieces that go to audiences, including those outside of Extension.
- Ensuring that all promotional materials, photos and other graphics used to portray clientele are on a nondiscriminatory basis.
- Documenting and monitoring affirmative action reports once a year, with additional efforts being made for all programs that are found to be out of compliance.

Each staff member of the Anson County Cooperative Extension is expected to exhibit a strong commitment to furthering the educational purposes of the NC Cooperative Extension in compliance of all civil rights legislation. In addition, a Civil Rights file is maintained in the office, updated yearly and including all efforts in reaching diverse audiences. Documentation and monitoring include affirmative action reports once a year, with additional efforts being made to all programs that are found to be out of compliance.

V. Primary Delivery and Evaluation Methods

Delivering timely, relevant educational programs that meet local needs is the cornerstone of Extension’s mission. Extension educational programs are designed to give the citizens of Anson County the knowledge, skills and tools to improve their economic prosperity, environmental stewardship and quality of life. Educational methods are the specific ways by which research-based information is shared with our audiences.

Extension educators in our county employ a wide variety of hands-on, experiential educational methods, such as interactive workshops and classes, audience response systems, demonstrations, field days and tours, that allow learners to fully engage in the learning process, test new knowledge and/or practice new skills during the educational session. We also deliver educational information through seminars, client visits, fact sheets, newsletters, and news articles. These serve to support and reinforce learning as well as provide motivation for continued learning.

Extension staff members also select educational methods based on the learning style preferences and special needs of the targeted audiences. These client-focused methods give learners the opportunity to gain the necessary knowledge and skills to change their lives in meaningful ways.

Another key feature of Extension program delivery is our commitment to being customer driven and customer focused. As such, in addition to the County Extension Center, educational programs are delivered online, in community centers, on farms, and other locations in order for our programs to be available and accessible to the citizens of Anson County.

In Extension, success is defined as the extent to which our educational programs have made a difference in the lives of the citizens of Anson County. Evaluation methods are the way we make those observations about changes that have occurred as a result our educational programs. As an educational organization, the changes we seek focus on key outcomes such as the knowledge and skills participants gain from our programs.

We use quantitative research methods such as retrospective testing, pre and post tests and/or surveys, to measure change in knowledge gained, the application of that knowledge, number of new skills developed, and types of new skills developed. Extension is committed to also assessing the social, economic and/or environmental impact that our programs have on the individuals who participate, their families and communities and ultimately the county as a whole. We plan to measure these impacts in both the long and short-term.

Short-term, we have outlined financial impact and cost benefit analysis as our primary evaluation methods. Another value held in Extension is actively listening to and dialoguing with targeted learners. Therefore, this plan also includes qualitative evaluation methods such as testimonials from program participants, and interviews and focus groups with participants.

VI. Membership of Advisory Leadership System

Anson County Cooperative Extension Advisory Council
Beth Rogers, Chair
Sharon Edwards, Vice Chair
Pam Layfield, Secretary
Lee Roy Lookabill
Pearl Blount
Ronnie Morgan
John Springer
Charlie Little
Jimmy Sturdivant
Lewis Evans
Margaret Ridenhour
Betty Garris
Janet Gilreath
Mark Mills
Bobby Sikes
Ruth Ann Pope
Ronnie Mills
CRD Program Committee
Emmett Patterson
Alexandria Harrington
Lee Roy Lookabill
Lewis Evans
Scotty Allen
Ronnie Morgan
Mark Mills
Ronnie Mills
Crops Program Committee
Fincher Martin
Dale McRae
John Springer
Bobby Sikes
Horticulture Program Committee
Eddie Maye
H.L. Carpenter
Charlie Ann Carpenter
Jimmy Sturdivant
Natural Resources Program Committee
Janet Gilreath
Jim Little
Jason Miller
Family & Consumer Sciences Program Committee
Peg Pinkston
Ruth Ann Pope
Beth Rogers
Wanda Talbert

4-H & Youth Program Committee
Pearl Blount
Betty Garris
Quenton Cromartie
Sharon Edwards
Margaret Ridenhour
Chris Stinson
Charlie Little
Pam Layfield

VII. Staff Membership

Roshunda Terry
Title: County Extension Director, Family Consumer Sciences
Phone: (704) 694-2915
Email: roshunda_terry@ncsu.edu

Jason Barrino
Title: 4-H Youth Promise Director
Phone: (704) 694-2915
Email: jlbarri2@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Responsible for maintaining paperwork of clients, budgeting, monthly reports, grant writing, supervising staff and other related duties as directed. Performs administrative and management duties working with at-risk juveniles, including supervisory duties to the program’s Case Manager; overseeing daily operations of 4-H Youth Promise After School, Community Service and Restitution, transporting youth to and from the after school site 1-2 days a week; completing all relevant case management and documentation, and assisting with traditional 4-H programs. Initiate contact to relevant stakeholders to include youth, parent/ guardians and Juvenile Court Counselors. Report to local Juvenile Crime Prevention Council and the North Carolina Department of Public Safety.

Jenny Carleo
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Grain Crops
Phone: (704) 873-0507
Email: jscarleo@ncsu.edu

Candice Christian
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Consumer and Retail Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9148
Email: cadescha@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: The overall goal of the Area Specialized Agents (ASAs) in Consumer & Retail Food Safety is to provide North Carolinians with technical food safety information and to support Family and Consumer Sciences agents in delivering timely and evidence-based food safety education and information to stakeholders.

Sam Cole
Title: Extension Agent, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (704) 694-2915
Email: srcole3@ncsu.edu

Aimee Colf
Title: Extension Agent, Agriculture - Horticulture and Forestry
Phone: (704) 694-2415
Email: aimee_colf@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Responsibilities include horticulture, forestry, natural resources, beekeeping, and Anson County Voluntary Ag District administrator.

Marti Day
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Dairy
Phone: (919) 542-8202
Email: marti_day@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Responsible for educational programs for dairy farmers, youth with an interest in dairy projects and the general public with an interest in dairy foods and the dairy industry.

Kinsey Everhart
Title: Extension Agent, Agriculture - Livestock and Row Crops
Phone: (704) 694-2915
Email: kinsey_everhart@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Responsibilities include Livestock, Row Crops, and Anson County Voluntary Ag District administrator.

Richard Goforth
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Poultry
Phone: (910) 893-7530
Email: richard_goforth@ncsu.edu

Marissa Herchler
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Animal Food Safety (FSMA Programs)
Phone: (919) 515-5396
Email: marissa_herchler@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marissa is an Area Specialized Agent for animal food safety, with emphasis on the new Food Safety Modernization Act rules, as they apply to feed mills in North Carolina. Please contact Marissa with any FSMA related questions, or PCQI training inquiries.

Stacey Jones
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Commercial Nursery and Greenhouse
Phone: (704) 920-3310
Email: stacey_jones@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: I work with commercial greenhouses and nurseries to help them with growing related issues. These issues range from pests (insect, disease, and weeds), substrates, nutrition, and other miscellaneous topics.

Peggie Lewis Joyce
Title: Area 4-H Agent - Central Region
Phone: (336) 242-2080
Email: peggie_lewis@ncsu.edu

Pam Layfield
Title: County Extension Administrative Assistant
Phone: (704) 694-2415
Email: pam_layfield@ncsu.edu

Aaron Moore
Title: Area Agent, Small Farms
Phone: (704) 283-3743
Email: jamoore2@ncat.edu

Ashley Robbins
Title: Area Specialized Agent - Dairy
Phone: (919) 542-8203
Email: ashley_robbins@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marti Day and I are the Area Specialized Dairy Agents - the county-based arm of the Cooperative Extension Dairy Team. We are out here in the counties to help you set and reach your farm, family and business goals. We have collaborative expertise in the areas of Waste Management, Udder Health, Cow Comfort, Nutrition and Forage Management with specialties in (Ashley)Reproduction, Records Management, Animal Health and (Marti)Alternative Markets, Organic Dairy, Grazing Management, and On-farm Processing. We hope to provide comprehensive educational programs for our farmers, consumers and youth for every county across the state. We are here for you by phone, email or text and look forward to working with you!

Elena Rogers
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Food Safety - Fresh Produce Western NC
Phone: (828) 352-2519
Email: elena_rogers@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provide educational programs, training and technical support focusing on fresh produce safety to Agents and growers in Western NC.

Raven Spencer
Title: 4-H Youth Promise Case Manager
Phone: (704) 694-2915
Email: rsspenc2@ncsu.edu

Allan Thornton
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Commercial Vegetables and Fruits
Phone: (910) 592-7161
Email: allan_thornton@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Vegetable Extension Specialist. Conducts Extension and applied research programs for commercial vegetable and fruit growers and agents in eastern North Carolina.

Mitch Woodward
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Watersheds and Water Quality
Phone: (919) 414-3873
Email: mdwoodwa@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: NC Cooperative Extension's Goals include: - NC's natural resources and environmental quality will be protected, conserved and enhanced. - NC will have profitable, environmentally sustainable plant, animal and food systems. Protecting our environmental resources, particularly drinking water quality, is a top priority in NC. NC Cooperative Extension is a leader in teaching, researching, and accelerating the adoption of effective water quality protection practices.

VIII. Contact Information

Anson County Center
501 McLaurin St
Wadesboro, NC 28170

Phone: (704) 694-2915
Fax: (704) 694-2248
URL: http://anson.ces.ncsu.edu