2018 Anson County Program Impact Report

Approved: January 24, 2019

I. Executive Summary

The 7-member staff of the Anson County Cooperative Extension Center includes two full-time agents, one part-time agent, one area agent, one director with program responsibilities, one administrative assistant, and two grant-funded after-school staff members. Last year, the Anson County team worked to address needs identified by advisory and program committees that included: improvement in best management practices and marketing options for cattle producers, best management practices for forages, including hay and silage production, weed control, and fertilization, increasing participation and community support in youth livestock programs, support for row crop farmers through research trials, specialist connections, educational meetings on new technologies, pesticide education and re-certification opportunities, waste management trainings and management, as well as on-farm safety training. Additional needs include consumer horticulture and forestry technical assistance and classes, information on new crops and suitable variety research, stewardship and protection of rural areas, and farmland preservation for both new farmers and heir property owners. Youth and family needs include information for parents and youth on service learning curriculum and implementation of projects, better parental and guardian knowledge and skills to provide appropriate structure and responsibility for their children, more hands-on training opportunities, assistance for older youth completing applications for scholarships and ARIE (Application, Resume, Interview and Essay), which is a workforce development and college prep program, nutrition education, and ways to increase physical activity. Also, community requests in support of a new Anson Agri-Civic Center have been overwhelming. Finally, investing in the county’s future through capital projects. In 2018, Despite staff vacancies, Anson County Extension staff developed and implemented programs that involved 8,921 citizens in direct services, events, and activities. Another 21,653 were indirectly contacted through a combination of telephone calls, email list-serves, newsletters, fact sheets, and direct mailings. Following is a brief narrative of Anson Extension program areas' work towards addressing community needs and issues.

Seventeen Anson County Private Pesticide Applicators increased their knowledge of pesticide safety in 2018. In particular, they learned about spray particle sizing, drift management, and respirator selection and use. Six beef cattle producers utilized pelvic measurement and reproductive tract scoring to evaluate 108 replacement beef heifers due to NCCES educational programming efforts. As a result, 24 heifers with limited pelvic size and/or low scoring reproductive tracts were culled and marketed saving $8,400 in costs and maintaining $10,000 in market value as calves versus culled cows. Four beef cattle producers were assisted in evaluating performance information and physical attributes of replacement herd bulls. Four bulls were purchased at an average value of $3,000. NCCES educational programming in Anson County resulted in 9 herd bulls being reproductively evaluated by six beef cattle producers. All the bulls passed their reproductive soundness tests. The potential costs for any bull not being evaluated and being reproductively unsound could be as much as $14,000 per herd.

Natural resource and horticulture programs served 891 clients through site visits, programs, and other in-person contacts, with more than 26,000 contacts made through social media, newsletters, and other media outlets. Anson Extension provided education and technical assistance to residents on programs related to profitable and sustainable horticulture, farm safety, forestry, and natural resources. Activities included pruning and agribusiness field days, school enrichment, chainsaw safety, first responder farm safety training, and many classes conducted for groups around the county. Anson Extension assisted landowners with nine forest management plans covering 563.89 acres. Landowner benefits from technical assistance and property tax savings totaled $6,529. In addition, 81 youth and adults participated in natural resource activities through summer camp, school enrichment, and private forest landowner workshops. Cost savings of clients incorporating Extension-recommended best management practices totaled $22,100.

Anson County 4-H continues to instill the four personal development areas that make up our pledge in our young people by offering learning opportunities during the year through 4-H clubs, off-site school enrichment and in school programs, summer programs and local, state and regional occurrences. A total of 308 youth participated in various programs related to soils, embryology, life cycles, and healthy eating habits. This past year, youth increased their attendance at local county level events, and also completed more project record plans on the county level by 15%. Three 4-H club volunteers attended a regional conference and bought back program updates and curriculum project ideas increasing the knowledge of other adult volunteers by 20%. New online enrollment system has engaged more youth and adults to be responsible by ensuring they are actively enrolled in the county program yearly. Going completely paperless for the enrollment process has achieved a 52% retention rate.

Continued progress is being made towards the new Anson Agri-Civic Center, with regular meetings with the architectural firm selected to design the 52,000+ square foot facility. To date, $1,645,498 has been committed to the project, including $775,698 in private dollars to help fund the public-private partnership project. Other community development initiatives consisted of the annual Anson Ag Expo & Fair, that brought in over $13,300 in sponsorship funds and the county's Voluntary and Enhanced Voluntary Agricultural Districts program, with a total of 14,193.62 enrolled acres representing 73 landowners and 213 parcels of land.

The county’s only youth service agency for adjudicated youth is housed within Cooperative Extension, 4-H Youth Promise. This grant-funded program was awarded $104,489 last year from the Juvenile Crime Prevention Council and served a total of 39 youth through the after-school, community service/restitution, and Anson Connecting Families components. Youth completed 584 hours of community service at different work sites and participated in after-school classes which introduced them to a variety of practical lessons such as alcohol and drug abuse, anger management, anti-bullying, career management, and goal setting. In the after-school and community service/restitution program, 94% of adjudicated youth successfully completed services, and 97% completed the program with no new complaints. 94% of the youth successfully or satisfactorily completed services as intended. The total program saw a 94% successful completion rate last year, and 100% demonstrated improvement in targeted skills in their individual service plan upon completion of their respective program.

II. County Background

Anson County is located in the central, southern region of North Carolina. A rural county, agriculture continues to be the top economic generator for the county. According to the North Carolina Department of Agriculture, there are 429 farms in the county. Their numbers rank Anson as 13th in the state for overall agricultural income. With 65% of the county as timberland, forest production in Anson last year ranked the county 4th in the state. Delivered value in 2015 was $22,422,577 in forestry. Ag cash receipts in 2015 were $203,213,986, for a total of over $225M.

The county's population hovers around 26,000, with seven townships, and Wadesboro as the county seat at a population of 5,700. In residence, 78% of the population lives in rural areas, with the other 22% in towns. The county is economically distressed and ranks as a Tier I county, with an unemployment rate of 5.5 percent.

Environmental scans to determine community needs utilized formal evaluation methods during programming, input from networking partners, and informal assessments of members of specialized advisory committees. In addition, individual client feedback was utilized, as well as demand for services from our office and public records of on-farm incidents.

The following issues and trends relevant to the agricultural community were identified: fluctuating cattle markets, decreasing commodity prices, emerging technologies in the agriculture sector, an increased interest in new landowners and small-scale farming (>10 acres), increased interest in small ruminant production, and increasingly unpredictable weather patterns that affect crops including forages. Beekeeping has a following in the county, as well local foods opportunities and consumer horticulture. The public continues to share an interest in keeping Anson County rural, protecting the environmental resources, and supporting small farms and new farmers.

Family trends in the county include: decreased parental and family involvement of youth which leads to increased behavioral issues, low self-esteem issues and bullying among youth, interest in educating youth about the importance of giving back to their community, older youth wanting to get more involved on a state and regional level, increased interest in food preparation and decreased physical activity.

Current targeted needs include: improvement in best management practices and marketing options for cattle producers, best management practices for forages, including hay and silage production, weed control, and fertilization, increasing participation and community support in youth livestock programs, support for row crop farmers through research trials, specialist connections, educational meetings on new technologies, pesticide education and re-certification opportunities, waste management trainings and management, as well as on-farm safety training.  Additional needs include consumer horticulture and forestry technical assistance and classes, information on new crops and suitable variety research, stewardship and protection of rural areas, and farmland preservation for both new farmers and heir property owners.

Youth and family needs include information for parents and youth on service learning curriculum and implementation of projects, better parental and guardian knowledge and skills to provide appropriate structure and responsibility for their children, more hands-on training opportunities, assistance for older youth completing applications for scholarships and ARIE (Application, Resume, Interview and Essay), which is a workforce development and college prep program, nutrition education, and ways to increase physical activity. Also, community requests in support of a new Anson Agri-Civic Center have been overwhelming.

In response to current trends, in the coming year, Anson County Cooperative Extension programs will include pesticide recertification opportunities, workshops on beef cattle management through the Anson County Cattlemen's Association, continued support and promotion of the state graded feeder calf sales, tri-county field crops research, field days, production meetings, improvement of the 4-H livestock club, value-added marketing program for livestock including Beef Quality Assurance certifications, management of animal waste plans for hog producers, and safety audits through the Certified Safe Farm Program. Forestry certification and land management classes will be addressed along with other consumer horticulture programs. Specialty crops will be explored as beginning farmers looking to expand and diversify. Assistance will be given to commercial growers to address pests, identify other marketing opportunities/outlets, and work will continue with aspiring farmers to identify resources and set business plan goals. Work with the Anson County Voluntary and Enhanced Voluntary Agricultural Districts will also continue.

Youth programs will incorporate a new program component for youth and their parents to learn to better communicate, resist negative influences, appropriately resolve conflict and make better choices for a healthier lifestyle; work one on one with youth completing applications for 4-H scholarships and set up time to work on ARIE with youth; offer workshops to youth on self-esteem and bullying during after school classes; offer trainings on service learning and other 4-H projects by emphasizing both service and learning to create a more meaningful experience for youth; add nutritional and health information for youth and families in backpack buddies; and continue to offer summer programs and through the year programs for enrolled youth. Support will be offered in the areas of nutrition, food preservation, and physical fitness. Finally, the Cooperative Extension staff will continue to work with committees in fundraising and facility planning for the new Anson Agri-Civic Center.

As the county's link to North Carolina State University and NC A&T State University, the Anson County Center and staff of NC Cooperative Extension are committed to providing quality educational programs that are relevant to the county. This working document outlines some of those programs and Extension's plan of work for the next year.

III. Objectives to Address the Cooperative Extension Long Range Plan

North Carolina's plant production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.

Value* Outcome Description
129Number of crop (all plant systems) producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
105Number of crop (all plant systems) producers adopting best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
8500Net income gains realized by the adoption of best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
50Number of producers reporting increased dollar returns per acre or reduced costs per acre
25Number of producers reporting reduction in fertilizer used per acre
250Number of acres in conservation tillage or other Best Management Practice
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

North Carolina's animal production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.

Agricultural producers, workers, food handlers and consumers will adopt safer food and agricultural production, handling, and distribution practices that reduce workplace and home injuries/illnesses, enhance food security, and increase the quality and safety of food that North Carolinians prepare and consume.

Value* Outcome Description
28Number of commercial/public operators trained
1Number of participants participating in AgriSafe personal protective equipment (PPE) selection or fit testing
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
35Number of participants that have adopted farm safety practices
28000Value of reduced risk of farm and food hazards
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Individuals and groups will acquire leadership and decision making capacities needed to guide and actively participate in local and state organizations.

Value* Outcome Description
41Number of adults increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
39Number of adults assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
39Number of youth increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
41Number of youth assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
19Number of adults increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
11Number of adults assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
41Number of youth increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
40Number of youth assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Youth and adults will address community issues and/or challenges through volunteerism.

Value* Outcome Description
118Number of adult participants acquiring the skills needed to serve as a volunteer
75Number of youth participants reporting aspirations to serve in new or expanded volunteer roles in community
9Number of adult participants reporting aspirations to serve in new or expanded volunteer roles in community
12Number of hours adult volunteer training conducted
6Number of hours youth volunteer training conducted
15Number new volunteers recruited
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
7Increased number of hours contributed by trained youth volunteers
22Increased number of hours contributed by trained adult volunteers
1Number of youth volunteers serving in new or expanded roles within Extension
5Number of adult volunteers serving in new or expanded roles within Extension
6Number of youth volunteers serving in new or expanded roles beyond Extension, including community boards and task forces
10Number of adult volunteers serving in new or expanded roles beyond Extension, including community boards and task forces
8Number of youth volunteers recruiting and/or training new volunteers
12Number of adult volunteers recruiting and/or training new volunteers
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Community members, organizations and local government will engage in collaborative dialog and decision-making to build economically, socially and environmentally resilient communities. This will be done through inclusive engagement, partnership building, and/or community planning.

Futures that Work: School to Career Pathways

Value* Outcome Description
20Number of teachers trained in 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum
319Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
165Total number of female participants in STEM program
39Number of high school age youth (students) participating as members of 4-H clubs
22Number of high school age youth (students) participating as members in 4-H clubs that have dropped out of high school
374Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge of career/employability skills
34Number of adults increasing knowledge of career/employability skills
34Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge of entrepreneurship
34Number of adults increasing knowledge of entrepreneurship
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
20Number of teachers using 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum in their classrooms
374Number of youth (students) gaining knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
14Number of youth (students) gaining career / employability skills
14Number of adults gaining career / employability skills
374Number of youth (students) gaining entrepreneurship skills
16Number of adults gaining entrepreneurship skills
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

North Carolinians will make decisions and adopt practices that implement effective resource protection and conservation.

Value* Outcome Description
224Number of participants increasing their knowledge about best management practices
65Number of child and youth educators aspiring to implement quality outdoor learning environments for children
247Number of youth and adults demonstrating increased knowledge of natural resources and environmental issues
203Number of youth willing to participate in conservation actions
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
100Number of participants that adopted recommended climate adaption strategies for production agriculture or natural resource management, including for invasive species, pest management, pollutant loads, and wetlands.
30Number of participants that adopted recommended climate mitigation practices such as water-use efficiency, livestock production feeding practices, carbon sequestration, reducing carbon or energy footprint.
216Number of acres under recommended climate mitigation practices such as water-use efficiency, livestock production feeding practices, carbon sequestration, reducing carbon or energy footprint.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Consumers and communities will enhance the value of plants, animals, and landscapes while conserving valuable natural resources and protecting the environment.

Value* Outcome Description
7470Number of participants improving knowledge, attitude, skills and aspirations regarding gardening and landscape practices including plant selection and placement, turfgrass management, soil management, growing food, water conservation and water quality preservation, storm water and erosion management, green waste management, pest and wildlife management
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
7340Number of participants who use extension-recommended best management practices in landscapes, turf, and gardens, including pest (insect, weed, disease) management, fertility management, water conservation, water quality preservation and pruning techniques
7000Total cost savings from the use of extension-recommended best management practices in landscapes, turf, and gardens, including pest (insect, weed, disease) management, fertility management, water conservation, water quality preservation and pruning techniques
560Number of participants who use extension-recommended pest management practices in homes, public facilities, businesses or in community pest management programs
5900Cost savings from using extension-recommended pest management practices in homes, public facilities, businesses or in community pest management programs
3120Number of participants selecting appropriate landscape plants (adapted, drought tolerant, appropriate size, etc.)
9500Cost savings from the appropriate selection of landscape plants
2600Number of participants growing food for home consumption
16000Value of produce grown for home consumption
27Number of participants adopting composting
600Reduced tonnage of greenwaste as a result of Extension-recommended practices including composting and proper plant selection
3470Number of participants implementing extension-recommended practices to conserve water use and protect water qualty
9700Costs savings from implementing extension-recommended practices to conserve water use and protect water qualtiy
3470Number of participants implementing extension-recommended practices to conserve water use and protect water qualtiy
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Youth and adult program participants will make healthy food choices, achieve the recommended amount of physical activity and reduce risk factors for chronic diseases.

IV. Number of Contacts Made by Extension

Type of ContactNumber
Face-to-face* 1,738
Non face-to-face** 30,163
Total by Extension staff in 2018 31,901
* Face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make directly with individuals through one-on-one visits, meetings, and other activities where staff members work directly with individuals.
** Non face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make indirectly with individuals by telephone, email, newsletters, news articles, radio, television, and other means.

V. Designated Grants Received by Extension

Type of GrantAmount
Contracts/Grants $0.00
Gifts/Donations $15,083.00
In-Kind Grants/Donations $13,500.00
United Way/Foundations $0.00
User Fees $2,109.00
Total $30,692.00

VI. Volunteer Involvement in Extension Programs

Number of Volunteers* Number of Volunteer Hours Known client contacts by volunteers Dollar Value at 24.69
4-H: 83 534 330 $ 13,184.00
Advisory Leadership System: 13 24 76 $ 593.00
Extension Community Association: 11 22 0 $ 543.00
Extension Master Gardener: 0 0 0 $ 0.00
Other: 51 100 93 $ 2,469.00
Total: 158 680 499 $ 16,789.00
* The number of volunteers reflects the overall number of volunteers for multiple events.

VII. Membership of Advisory Leadership System

Anson County Cooperative Extension Advisory Council
Beth Rogers, Chair
Pam Layfield, Secretary
Sharon Edwards
Eloise Harrington
Lee Roy Lookabill
Pearl Blount
Ronnie Morgan
John Springer
Charlie Little
Jimmy Sturdivant
Lewis Evans
Margaret Ridenhour
Betty Garris
Janet Gilreath
Mark Mills
Roddy Purser
Bobby Sikes
Ruth Ann Pope
CRD Program Committee
Emmett Patterson
Eloise Harrington
Lee Roy Lookabill
Lewis Evans
Beef Production Program Comittee
Lannie Allen
Ronnie Morgan
Mark Mills
Ronnie Mills
Poultry Program Area Committee
Roddy Purser
Tommy Edwards
Eddie Edwards
Mike Livingston
Crops Program Committee
Fincher Martin
Dale McRae
John Springer
Bobby Sikes
Horticulture Program Committee
Eddie Maye
H.L. Carpenter
Charlie Ann Carpenter
Jimmy Sturdivant
Natural Resources Program Committee
Janet Gilreath
Jim Little
Jason Miller
Family & Consumer Sciences Program Committee
Peg Pinkston
Ruth Ann Pope
Beth Rogers
Catherine Bennett
4-H & Youth Program Committee
Pearl Blount
Betty Garris
Katie Edwards
Sharon Edwards
Margaret Ridenhour
Chris Stinson
Charlie Little
Pam Layfield

VIII. Staff Membership

Roshunda Terry
Title: County Extension Director
Phone: (704) 694-2915
Email: roshunda_terry@ncsu.edu

Candice Christian
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Consumer and Retail Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9148
Email: Candice_Christian@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: The overall goal of the Area Specialized Agents (ASAs) in Consumer & Retail Food Safety is to support FCS Agents in delivering timely and evidence-based food safety education and information to stakeholders in North Carolina.

Sam Cole
Title: Extension Agent, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (704) 694-2915
Email: srcole3@ncsu.edu

Aimee Colf
Title: Extension Agent, Agriculture - Horticulture and Forestry
Phone: (704) 694-2415
Email: aimee_colf@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Responsibilities include horticulture, forestry, natural resources, beekeeping, and Anson County Voluntary Ag District administrator.

Marti Day
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Dairy
Phone: (919) 542-8202
Email: marti_day@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Responsible for educational programs for dairy farmers, youth with an interest in dairy projects and the general public with an interest in dairy foods and the dairy industry.

Richard Goforth
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Poultry
Phone: (704) 283-3801
Email: richard_goforth@ncsu.edu

Marissa Herchler
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Animal Food Safety (FSMA Programs)
Phone: (919) 515-5396
Email: marissa_herchler@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marissa is an Area Specialized Agent for animal food safety, with emphasis on the new Food Safety Modernization Act rules, as they apply to feed mills in North Carolina. Please contact Marissa with any FSMA related questions, or PCQI training inquiries.

Stacey Jones
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Commercial Nursery and Greenhouse
Phone: (704) 920-3310
Email: stacey_jones@ncsu.edu

Pam Layfield
Title: County Extension Administrative Assistant
Phone: (704) 694-2415
Email: pam_layfield@ncsu.edu

Bill Lord
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Water Resources
Phone: (919) 496-3344
Email: william_lord@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Water quality education and technical assistance

Aaron Moore
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Small Farms
Phone: (704) 283-3743
Email: jamoore3@ncsu.edu

Currey Nobles
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9520
Email: canobles@ncsu.edu

Elena Rogers
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Food Safety - Fresh Produce Western NC
Phone: (828) 352-2519
Email: elena_rogers@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provide educational programs, training and technical support focusing on fresh produce safety to Agents and growers in Western NC.

Raven Spencer
Title: 4-H Youth Promise Case Manager
Phone: (704) 694-2915
Email: rsspenc2@ncsu.edu

Allan Thornton
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Commercial Vegetables and Fruits
Phone: (910) 592-7161
Email: allan_thornton@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Vegetable Extension Specialist. Conducts Extension and applied research programs for commercial vegetable and fruit growers and agents in eastern North Carolina.

Mitch Woodward
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Watersheds and Water Quality
Phone: (919) 250-1112
Email: mdwoodwa@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: NC Cooperative Extension's Goals include: - NC's natural resources and environmental quality will be protected, conserved and enhanced. - NC will have profitable, environmentally sustainable plant, animal and food systems. Protecting our environmental resources, particularly drinking water quality, is a top priority in NC. NC Cooperative Extension is a leader in teaching, researching, and accelerating the adoption of effective water quality protection practices.

IX. Contact Information

Anson County Center
501 McLaurin St
Wadesboro, NC 28170

Phone: (704) 694-2915
Fax: (704) 694-2248
URL: http://anson.ces.ncsu.edu