2020 Greene County Plan of Work

Approved: January 21, 2020

I. County Background

The 2019 Quickfactscensus.gov reported the estimated population of Greene County was 21,012 citizens comprised of five townships, which is a decrease from 2018 (21,168). Due to tornadoes and floods in the last two years, families that lost homes have relocated to surrounding counties or urban cities. The county's largest population groups are identified as 58.6% White, 36.8% Black, 15.5% Hispanic or Latino. The number of families living in poverty has decreased to 23.5% from 27.6% with 14.9% being children and youth. One-hundred percent of school-aged children eat free lunches. There are 7,259 households with a median income of $38,306. Sixteen percent of the population are elderly, 74.1% of adults 25 years or older have a high school education or more and 9.5% have a bachelor's degree or more. In 2019,there was an increase in the number of veterans from 1,012 to 1,063 in 2019 due to the proximity of a military base and small town communities.

Greene County is a rural agriculture dependent county with 101,189 acres and 260 farms. According to the 2019 Farm Service Agency data it was reported farm income of $278.5 million. Poultry, dairy and livestock reported ($398,355) in cash receipts. Harvested acres include: flue-cured tobacco (5,135), grain corn (12,000), soybeans (29,959), cotton (11,157), peanuts(3,452)and sweet potatoes (5,185 acres). Increase in yields in 2019 were due to commodity prices. Decrease in yields were due to loss of contracts and farmland loss. Greene County has a small manufacturing base, with the trend being the development of small retail businesses, local niche markets, food establishments and Agri-tourism.

The local foods program in Greene County continues to expand towards roadside stands and niche markets, showing that the local foods markets have increased the county tax base and revenues. Local gardeners continue to rent garden beds for fifteen dollars a year to grow their own produce to help lower their food costs and to eat more fresh fruits and vegetables. The mission of the garden is to give back at least 10% to the local Interfaith Food Shelter which provides food for 700 families during peak season. Limited-resource families and food-insecure individuals are provided opportunities to improve their diets and nutrition status by growing homegrown produce. Extension agents planned and implemented farm food safety educational programs for producers and school aged youth to show them where their food comes from and assist them in sustaining their heritage farms by keeping up to date with the new Farm Bill requirements.

In 2019, heart disease, cancer and diabetes are among the major chronic diseases in Greene County which is higher than the state rate. The senior and young adult population in Greene County is steadily growing and programs to address chronic illnesses will be implemented to help combat health issues: (heart disease, cancer and diabetes). Partnerships with county healthcare agencies will help to provide resources for programming needs for limited and unlimited resource families to assist in chronic disease prevention and management. NC A&T Snap-Ed educational programs will be implemented to limited resource families and individuals to improve their health with healthier food choices and physical activity.

There are twenty percent of children under 18 years old in Greene County. The number of children attending elementary, middle and high school totaled 3,013 in 2019. Greene County 4-H youth development programs provide opportunities for all youth to increase their knowledge and skills in stem education, entrepreneurship, embryology, public speaking, employ-ability/career and volunteerism. In the Juvenile Justice Teen Court/Restitution program, teens committing minor criminal behaviors in school decreased in 2019 due to programming provided by the Division of Public Safety and Extension. Extension services saved Greene County and the state 2.8 million dollars in court costs and restitution fees.

Prescription drugs and insurance premium costs continue to increase for Medicare beneficiaries. Extension coordinates with North Carolina Department of Insurance, Greene County Senior Center, pharmacists and community health centers to deliver counseling sessions and outreach to Medicare beneficiaries to assist them in choosing affordable prescription drug plans, still there are 18.8% of persons under age 65 without health insurance in Greene County. Seniors Health Insurance and Information program counselors refer customers without insurance to the Affordable Health Care counselors for assistance. Opioid use in 2019 among teens and adults were lower due to a Greene County Task Force that Extension partners with to educate citizens about the dangers and use of opioids. Opioid collection boxes were placed in several township locations to collect unused drugs.

Extension agents and program assistants will address the above needs by offering research based information programs. In partnering with other county agencies Extension can extend resources, funding and provide solutions to the many needs that county residents face.

II. Objectives to Address the Cooperative Extension Long Range Plan

Our family and consumer sciences programs improve the well-being of individuals, families, and communities.

Our plant production programs improve production, profitability, and sustainability of the agriculture sector.

Our animal production programs improve production, profitability, and sustainability of the agriculture sector.

Our community development programs build strong and thriving communities.

Our 4-H youth development programs grow the skills young people need to succeed in life and career.

Our natural resource and environmental programs conserve our precious natural resources and maintain a clean and healthy environment.

Our consumer horticulture programs teach families and communities about environmentally friendly methods for gardening and controlling pests.

Our food safety and nutrition programs create a safer and more sustainable food supply and improve the health and nutrition of individuals, families, and our communities.

III. Other Objectives

Greene County Government in 2012 adopted agreement between Greene County Extension and Arts and Historical Society to manage and rent the farmers market as an economic development initiative. Customers call Greene County Extension to rent the market for weddings, parties and events. Rental fees are managed by county government as revenues in the General budget.
The Farmer's Market closed on September 2017 due to lack of vendor participation. To offset the expenses incurred during the year, the county designates $10,000 towards the operations cost. Funds that are created through rentals are then recorded as revenues for the county general fund. This keeps the market open as a rental venue and give Extension a way to produce revenues to give back to the county. To date,(2019) over $4,000 has been secured in rental funds. In 2018, the market's kitchen was licensed as a commissary to local food trucks to increase revenue funds.

IV. Relationship to County Government Objectives

The Greene County Cooperative Extension plan of work supports the Greene County Board of Commissioners strategic plan. The Extension County Plan of Work includes the following count goals by:
1. Encourage volunteerism and civic education for all age groups.
2. Provide a safe nurturing and healthy environment for all citizens.
3. Encourage the growth of agricultural enterprises that add value to farmer commodities.
4. Expand recreational, cultural and educational opportunities for all ages.
5. Increase vocational and technical opportunities for youth and adults.
6. Enhance economic development through creation of a plan that focuses on attracting and maintaining quality small businesses and industries.

Cooperative Extension has a close relationship with county government that is fostered through participation of the County Manager and chair of the Board of Commissioners on the Extension County Advisory Council.

Greene County Cooperative Extension Agents collaborate with the county during natural disasters and partners with the county emergency management plan. Extension agents are members of the Animal Control Advisory Board. Extension also provides disaster information to citizens via newsletters, publications and the internet during natural disasters.

V. Diversity Plan

Greene County Cooperative Extension made all reasonable efforts to reach all citizens with educational programming and events. The Greene County Extension Center and all staff adhere to the NCSU and NC A&T State University diversity statement that commits to positive action to secure equal opportunity regardless of race, color, creed, national origin, religion, sex, age, veteran status, disability or sexual orientation. Cooperative Extension program participant involvement mirrors Greene County demographics.

In 2020, the NC Cooperative Extension and NC A&T State University Cooperative Extension agents and program assistants will make all efforts to involve minorities and Latinos in educational programs with 4-H, Family and Consumer Science, Agriculture, Livestock, Natural Resources and Community Development. The County Advisory Council has been restructured to add Latino representation. Greene County Extension Agents are making reasonable efforts to provide Extension resources in Spanish in their programming and add under represented groups to their specialized committees.

VI. Primary Delivery and Evaluation Methods

Delivering timely, relevant educational programs that meet critical local needs is the cornerstone of Extension’s mission. Extension educational programs are designed to meet the needs of the citizens of Greene County with the knowledge, skills and tools to improve their economic prosperity, environmental stewardship and quality of life. An Extension program delivery system is a planned and organized eclectic mix of educational methods used during an educational program. Extension educational methods are the specific ways by which research-based information is shared with targeted learners. Extension educators in our county employ a wide variety of hands-on, experiential educational methods, such as interactive workshops and classes, demonstrations, field days and tours, that allow learners to fully engage in the learning process, test new knowledge and/or practice new skills during the educational session. Equally important, this plan will also include educational methods such as seminars, client visits, fact sheets, newsletters, and social media that serve to support and reinforce learning as well as provide motivation for continued learning. Armed with the most current literature on effective teaching and learning, Extension educators also skillfully select educational methods based on the learning style preferences and special needs of the targeted learners. These client-focused methods afford learners the opportunity to gain the necessary knowledge and skills to change their lives in meaningful ways. Another key feature of Extension program delivery that is evident in this plan is our commitment to being customer driven and customer focused. As such, in addition to the County Extension Center, Extension educational programs are delivered online, in community centers, on farms, and other locations in order for our programs to be available and accessible and fully utilized by the citizens of Greene County.

In Extension, success is defined as the extent to which our educational programs have made a difference in the lives of the citizens of Greene County. Evaluation methods are the way we make those observations about first and foremost whether any changes occurred as a result of our educational programs, and subsequently the significance of those changes. As an educational organization, the changes we seek focus on key outcomes such as the knowledge and skills participants gain from our programs. More specifically, in this plan, we are using quantitative research methods such as retrospective testing, pre and post tests and surveys to measure change in knowledge gained, the application of that knowledge, number of new skills developed, and types of new skills developed. Extension, as a results-oriented organization, is committed to also assessing the social, economic and/or environmental impact that our programs have on the individuals who participate, their families and communities and ultimately the county as a whole (i.e. true significance of the changes stemming from our programs). We plan to measure impacts in both the long and short-term evaluation process. Another value held in Extension is actively listening to and dialoguing with targeted learners.

VII. Membership of Advisory Leadership System

Advisory Council
Patricia Adams
Billy Dail
Doris Jones
Parmilla Edwards
William Sugg, III
Bess Patton
Sharon Harrison
Johnny McLawhorn
James Shackleford
Benny Heath
Cindy Beaman
Darlene Lang-Koonce
Family & Consumer Science Specialized Committee
Parmilla Edwards
Kathy Dail
Gwenoese Smith
Angela Ellis
Doris Jones
David Jones
Sharon Harrison
Bess Patton
4-H Advisory Program Committee
Hope Brown
Johnathan Wiggins
Betty Jo Harrison
Jamie Porter
Cindy Beaman
Shelby Hubbard
Kristen Elks
Shelby Hubbard
Aubrey Beddard
Farmers Market Advisory Board
Sandra Warren
Mary Betty Kearney
Natalie Relyea,Chairman
Johnny B. McLawhorn
Kim Hoskins
Voluntary Ag District Committee
Ed Sugg
Mike Gay
Todd Pellitier
Audie Murphy
Ralph Noble
Jerry Jones
Frankie Beaman
Chris Murphy
Jerry Cunningham
Livestock Program Committee
Jack Cunningham
John B. McLawhorn,Sr.
Frankie Beaman
David Lanier
Billy Dail
JCPC Advisory Program Committee
James Fulghum
Nancy Hodges
Jerry Burns
Kathy Dail
Michael Rhodes
Elizabeth Heath
Darlene Lang-Koonce
Joy Brock
Master Gardener Association
Gene Riddle
David Jones
Brenda Blackmon
Patricia Adams
Karla Jennings
Marjorie Suggs
Lawton Suggs

Ag Specialized Program Committee
Brian Lovitt
Chris Jernigan
Jordan Rouse
Brooks Edmondson
Rory Wood, Jr.
Larry Cobb
Michael Cobb
David Jones
Farm Bureau Committee
Mike Gay
Johnny McLawhorn,Sr.
Johnny B. McLawhorn Jr.
Jerry Cunningham
Jerry Jones
Pat Harris
Ricky Moore
Stan Dixon
Tina Murphy
Dawn Murphy
Matt Gay
Brooks Edmondson
Frankie Beamon
Mike Hardy
Audie Murphy
Heather Harper
Jimmy Dail
Ted Harris
James Shackleford

VIII. Staff Membership

Shenile Ford
Title: County Extension Director
Phone: (252) 747-5831
Email: shenile_ford@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Responsibilities include: Administration, Community Development,(FCS)-Local Foods

Shelina Bonner
Title: Extension Agent, Family and Consumer Sciences
Phone: (252) 747-5831
Email: shelina_bonner@ncsu.edu

Candice Christian
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Consumer and Retail Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9148
Email: cadescha@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: The overall goal of the Area Specialized Agents (ASAs) in Consumer & Retail Food Safety is to provide North Carolinians with technical food safety information and to support Family and Consumer Sciences agents in delivering timely and evidence-based food safety education and information to stakeholders.

Marti Day
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Dairy
Phone: (919) 542-8202
Email: marti_day@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Responsible for educational programs for dairy farmers, youth with an interest in dairy projects and the general public with an interest in dairy foods and the dairy industry.

Mike Frinsko
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Aquaculture
Phone: (252) 448-9621
Email: mofrinsk@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provide technical training and assistance to commercial aquaculture producers in the Southeast Extension District

Marissa Herchler
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Animal Food Safety (FSMA Programs)
Phone: (919) 515-5396
Email: marissa_herchler@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marissa is an Area Specialized Agent for animal food safety, with emphasis on the new Food Safety Modernization Act rules, as they apply to feed mills in North Carolina. Please contact Marissa with any FSMA related questions, or PCQI training inquiries.

Eve Honeycutt
Title: Extension Agent, Agriculture - Livestock, Lenoir and Greene
Phone: (252) 521-1706
Email: eve_honeycutt@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Develop quality programs for Greene and Lenoir Counties relating to Animal Waste Management, Livestock Production, and Forages.

Kim Hoskins
Title: County Extension Administrative Assistant
Phone: (252) 747-5831
Email: kim_hoskins@ncsu.edu

Missy Jernigan
Title: Program Assistant, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (252) 747-5831
Email: mkjernig@ncsu.edu

Lynette Johnston
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-0303
Email: lynette_johnston@ncsu.edu

Colby Lambert
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Forestry
Phone: (910) 814-6041
Email: colby_lambert@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides educational opportunities and technical support to forest landowners, agents, and forest industry in eastern North Carolina.

Jo Langley
Title: County Extension Support Specialist
Phone: (252) 747-5831
Email: jo_langley@ncsu.edu

Danny Lauderdale
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Ornamental Nursery and Greenhouse, Eastern Region
Phone: (252) 237-0111
Email: danny_lauderdale@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides programming to commercial ornamental nursery and greenhouse producers in eastern North Carolina.

Lori McBryde
Title: Area 4-H Agent, East Region
Phone: (919) 989-5380
Email: lori_mcbryde@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provide support the Eastern 34 Counties of the Northeast and Southeast Districts in 4-H Youth Development.

Stephanie McDonald-Murray
Title: Regional Nutrition Extension Associate - Southeast EFNEP and SNAP-Ed
Phone: (910) 296-2143
Email: stephanie_mcdonald@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Job Description: Provides programmatic supervision to the EFNEP program in the South East District.

Lauren Pace
Title: Program Coordinator, Juvenile Restitution and Teen Court
Phone: (252) 747-5831
Email: lapace@ncsu.edu

Diana Rashash
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Water Quality/Waste Management
Phone: (910) 455-5873
Email: diana_rashash@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Water and wastewater issues of all types: stormwater, aquatic weed ID & control, water quality & quantity, septic systems, animal waste, land application of wastewater, environment & sustainability, climate, etc.

Danielle Riggs
Title: Extension Agent, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (252) 747-5831
Email: dhriggs@ncsu.edu

Ashley Robbins
Title: Area Specialized Agent - Dairy
Phone: (919) 542-8203
Email: ashley_robbins@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marti Day and I are the Area Specialized Dairy Agents - the county-based arm of the Cooperative Extension Dairy Team. We are out here in the counties to help you set and reach your farm, family and business goals. We have collaborative expertise in the areas of Waste Management, Udder Health, Cow Comfort, Nutrition and Forage Management with specialties in (Ashley)Reproduction, Records Management, Animal Health and (Marti)Alternative Markets, Organic Dairy, Grazing Management, and On-farm Processing. We hope to provide comprehensive educational programs for our farmers, consumers and youth for every county across the state. We are here for you by phone, email or text and look forward to working with you!

Margaret Ross
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Poultry
Phone: (252) 670-8254
Email: margaret_ross@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Working with commercial poultry producers to assist in writing nutrient management plans and conducting educational programming.

Chip Simmons
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Food Safety
Phone: (919) 414-5632
Email: odsimmon@ncsu.edu

Alyssa Spence
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agromedicine, Farm Health & Safety
Phone: (252) 527-2191
Email: arramsey@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: I work with the NCSU Applied Ecology-Toxicology & Agromedicine Department to serve the18 counties in the Southeast District, providing health/safety resources and programming to field agents in this area.

Wesley Stallings
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture- Grain Crops
Phone: (910) 455-5873
Email: wcstalli@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Agriculture-Grain Crops

Allan Thornton
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Commercial Vegetables and Fruits
Phone: (910) 592-7161
Email: allan_thornton@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Vegetable Extension Specialist. Conducts Extension and applied research programs for commercial vegetable and fruit growers and agents in eastern North Carolina.

Scott Tilley
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Grain
Phone: (252) 793-4428
Email: scott_tilley@ncsu.edu

Grayson Wells
Title: Extension Agent, Agriculture - Field Crops
Phone: (252) 747-5831
Email: sgwells@ncsu.edu

Mitch Woodward
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Watersheds and Water Quality
Phone: (919) 414-3873
Email: mdwoodwa@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: NC Cooperative Extension's Goals include: - NC's natural resources and environmental quality will be protected, conserved and enhanced. - NC will have profitable, environmentally sustainable plant, animal and food systems. Protecting our environmental resources, particularly drinking water quality, is a top priority in NC. NC Cooperative Extension is a leader in teaching, researching, and accelerating the adoption of effective water quality protection practices.

IX. Contact Information

Greene County Center
229 Kingold Blvd
Suite E
Snow Hill, NC 28580

Phone: (252) 747-5831
Fax: (252) 747-7024
URL: http://greene.ces.ncsu.edu