2017 Harnett County Program Impact Report

Approved: January 23, 2018

I. Executive Summary

The staff of N.C. Cooperative Extension- Harnett County Center consists of 14 members including full-time agents, area specialized agents, administration, program assistants, associates and grant-funded staff members. Programs addressing issues identified by the county advisory and specialized committees are led by agents within the areas of Foods and Nutrition, Agriculture, Family and Consumer Sciences, 4-H Youth Development, and Community and Rural Development. The following is a brief narrative of Cooperative Extension program impacts addressing the needs of the citizens of Harnett County.

Community and Rural Development:

72 limited resource individuals increased their knowledge and skills in convening and leading inclusive, representative groups for evidence-based community development with 15 of the participants who reported new or expanded leadership roles and opportunities undertaken. 43 limited resource individuals gained basic financial management knowledge and/or skills (such as; budgeting, record keeping, goal setting, writing goals, consumer decision-making) with an additional 27 participants taking part in programs and implementing strategies to support family economic well-being.

4-H Youth Development:

4-H Youth Development programs during 2017 focused on a number of valuable competencies including 155 limited resource youth that increased knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership. 4-H members and county youth also participated in public speaking presentations, 4-H State Congress, 4-H Citizenship Focus, Winter Enrichment, Teen Retreat and many other leadership development opportunities. STEM programming was a major focus of Harnett County 4-H along with attention devoted toward helping give young people the skills they need for careers and employability. Through STEM programs like embryology and others, nearly 2000 youth increased their knowledge of science through 4-H initiatives with 265 gaining new career and employability skills. Not only did the students benefit from 4-H STEM curriculum, almost 60 teachers were trained in the effective use of this 4-H resource in their classroom.

Foods and Nutrition:

Harnett County Cooperative Extension offered the NC Safe Plates certified food safety managers course and the National Registry of Food Safety Professionals certified exam. Of the 25 participants tested 88% passed. 100% of the participants that completed the survey said that the class met their needs and that they intended to implement the food safety principles learned during the course in their facilities. Harnett County Cooperative Extension also partnered with Harnett County Health Dept., Harnett County Library, and Harnett County Extension Community Association to offer programs including Budget Cooking, Girls are Great: Kids in the Kitchen, Have a Happy Healthy Holiday, ECA International Day, Farm to Kitchen, Cooking in the Kitchen, Outdoor Cookery, and Investigate Health. Over 150 youth and adult participants were reached with these workshops and 95% of participants reported that they intended to use the skills and resources provided in the programs to cook more meals at home.

Agricultural Programs:

The Harnett County Agriculture program had an outstanding year with many positive financial impacts for local growers and livestock producers. Through best management practices, including those practices related to husbandry, improved planning, marketing, and financial practices along with using livestock organic by-products instead of synthetic fertilizers; Harnett livestock producers saw an estimated income gain of $225,000. Net income gains realized by the adoption of best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing showed estimated income gains of nearly half a million dollars for local growers. In an effort to ensure safety for farm laborers and consumers, almost 1000 hours of pesticide application credit hours were provided with 86 persons also certified in Good Agricultural Practices (GAPs) or Good Handling Practices (GHPs).

In urban and consumer agriculture, 246 participants improved knowledge, attitude, skills, and aspirations regarding gardening and landscape practices including plant selection and placement, turfgrass management, soil management, growing food, water conservation and water quality preservation, stormwater and erosion management, green waste management, pest and wildlife management. The Harnett County Extension Master Gardener program continued to grow and thrive as well. A new curriculum was developed for two annual, 16-week volunteer training classes. Volunteers were given new volunteer opportunities, including designing and building three new educational demonstration gardens, assisting the 4-H program with youth outreach, and helping the agent with administrative and organizational tasks. A Speaker's Bureau was developed to give talks to community groups. Thirty-three residents completed the training program, and the number of active volunteers and interns has increased 40%, with 2300 hours volunteered. One volunteer alone contributed 487 hours. The demonstration gardens were incorporated into three workshops that reached 85 residents. The Speakers' Bureau reached another 73 residents in 7 community groups.

II. County Background

Harnett County is located within an easy drive of Research Triangle Park (RTP) and all its amenities as well as Fort Bragg, home of the elite 82nd Airborne, FORSCOM, and USARC Headquarters. Transportation corridors include I-95, US 301, US 421 and US 401 providing easy access to regional and national markets and a short distance from connections with I-40. North Carolina routes 24, 27, 42, 55, 82, 87, 210 and 217 also provide direct links throughout Harnett County. The globally recognized Research Triangle Park and RDU International Airport are less than an hour away and Fayetteville's airport is half that. Harnett is home to Campbell University and the county's location offers easy access to the University of NC System campuses, North Carolina State University's Centennial Campus and many private universities within an hour's drive or less. Harnett borders seven counties: Sampson and Johnston Counties to the east; Wake County to the north; Chatham, Lee and Moore Counties to the west; and Cumberland County (Fort Bragg US Army Base) to the south. In 2010 the population for Harnett County was listed at 114,678 and is currently listed as a Tier 2 County.

Harnett County is composed of a blend of industry, a military presence, and a significant agricultural industry. Agriculture has taken a small decline with the closing of poultry plants; some farms are either changing their operation or selling to development. There are 727 farms with an average farm size of 154 acres representing total land acreage in farms at 111,770. Cash receipts from all agriculture for 2012 are estimated to be $196,983,305. Currently, over 85,000 acres of forest land is managed in Harnett County. The management of forestry accounted for $4.2 million in 2008. Urban horticulture, greenhouses, and nurseries represent another important aspect of the agricultural economy in the county and rank 39th in the state. Harnett County is unique in the region in that it has an extensive water supply network, serving 98% of the county as well as Cumberland, Lee, Wake, Johnston, and Moore.

Harnett County is projected to be the 3rd fastest growth county behind Wake and Johnston Counties to 2030, it is also one of the fastest growing counties in numbers of families with young children. The county’s median age is 32.5 while the state median age is 35.3. The population of children 0-5 has increased by 11.7% in the past 3 years while it has increased statewide by only 4.9%. The county has also seen a major increase in enrollment for school age children. These numbers are expected to grow as US Department of Defense Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) continues to move soldiers and their families to Fort Bragg. The county continuously addressing issues in western part of the county because of BRAC; utilities and education are the areas of concern. New schools are being built along the Highway 87 corridor along with retails businesses that will be in new sources of tax dollars.

To meet growing issues and needs, the extension staff surveyed citizens, government officials and leaders through a variety of methods, which included focus groups, community forums, one-on-one interviews, mailed surveys, electronic and telephone surveys. The environmental scan involved our extension advisory council, specialized committees, agricultural agencies, small business owners, volunteers, youth groups, decision makers and other external partners. The advisory leadership council and extension staff set priorities in determining the issues Cooperative Extension would address in its plan. The major issues selected to address include: Profitable and Sustainable Agriculture Systems; Safety and Security of our Food and Farm Systems; Leadership Development; Volunteer Readiness; School to Career (Youth and Adults); Urban and Consumer Agriculture; and Healthy Eating, Physical Activity and Chronic Disease Risk Reduction.

III. Objectives to Address the Cooperative Extension Long Range Plan

North Carolina's plant production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.
North Carolina's agricultural crops industry makes major contributions to local communities and the state’s economy. In 2014, the estimated farm gate value of crops was $4.72 billion, placing NC as the 17th largest in the nation. North Carolina is one of the most diversified agriculture states in the nation. The state's 50,200 farmers grow over 80 different commodities, utilizing 8.4 million of the state's 31 million acres to furnish consumers a dependable and affordable supply of food and fiber. Tobacco remains one of the state's most predominant farm commodities. North Carolina produces more tobacco and sweet potatoes than any other state and ranks second in Christmas tree cash receipts. The state also produces a significant amount of cucumbers for pickles, lima beans, turnip greens, collard greens, mustard greens, strawberries, bell peppers, blueberries, chili peppers, fresh market cucumbers, snap beans, cabbage, eggplant, watermelons, pecans, peaches, squash, apples, sweet corn, tomatoes, and grapes. There is continual technological change and the relative profitability of individual farm enterprises changes over time; therefore, farmers must respond by modifying their farming operations. Changes in consumer demand create new opportunities for producers. Growth in alternative forms of agriculture will include, among others, organic and niche market production. Educational and training programs for producers of plant agricultural products and services will enhance their ability to achieve financial and lifestyle goals and to enhance economic development locally, regionally and statewide.
Value* Outcome Description
577Number of crop (all plant systems) producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
4Number of Extension initiated and controlled County demonstration test sites (new required for GLF/PSI reporting)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
185Number of crop (all plant systems) producers adopting best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
498000Net income gains realized by the adoption of best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
105Number of producers reporting increased dollar returns per acre or reduced costs per acre
140Number of producers reporting reduction in fertilizer used per acre
30000Number of acres in conservation tillage or other Best Management Practice
3Number of producers who adopted a dedicated bioenergy crop
500Number of acres planted to a dedicated bioenergy crop
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
North Carolina's animal production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.
North Carolina's livestock industry makes major contributions to local communities and the state’s economy. In 2014, the estimated farm gate value of livestock, dairy, and poultry was $8.85 billion, placing NC as the 7th largest in the nation. Hogs & pigs have historically been an important part of North Carolina agriculture. The industry has changed dramatically since the 1980s from the small farm raising a few hogs to large confinement type operations. North Carolina's number of cattle & calves on farms has remained relatively stable throughout time. Milk cow inventory and milk production have continued to decline in the state. Unlike other commodities, broiler production in North Carolina is increasing throughout the state. There is continual technological change and the relative profitability of individual farm enterprises changes over time; therefore, farmers must respond by modifying their farming operations. Changes in consumer demand create new opportunities for producers. Growth in alternative forms of agriculture will include, among others, organic, niche market production, and pasture-raised livestock. Educational and training programs for producers of animal agricultural products and services will enhance their ability to achieve financial and lifestyle goals and to enhance economic development locally, regionally and statewide.
Value* Outcome Description
379Number of animal producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
50Number of animal producers adopting Extension-recommended best management practices, including those practices related to husbandry, improved planning, marketing, and financial practices
150000Net income gains by producers adopting Extension-recommended best management practices, including those practices related to husbandry, improved planning, marketing, and financial practices
60Number of animal producers implementing Extension-recommended best management practices for animal waste management
20000Tons of livestock organic by-products utilized (nutrients from waste, compost, etc)
75000Net income gain by using livestock organic by-products instead of synthetic fertilizers
25Number of waste management certifications gained or maintained due to Extension education efforts
10000Number of acres where Extension-recommended waste analysis was used for proper land application
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Producers will increase sales of food locally to more agriculturally aware consumers through market development, producer and consumer education, and new farmer and infrastructure support.
Farmers will increase their capacity to supply product for local food sales through market planning efforts, producer and consumer education, beginning farmer training programs and local market infrastructure development. The fastest growing area of consumer demand in agriculture continues to be organic. Farmers' markets continue to expand as do multiple efforts in local sustainable agriculture. Nationally, "Buy Local, Buy Fresh" movements have emerged in the face of concerns about the risks involved in long distance transportation of industrialized food production. Increasingly, public officials and business leaders see promotion of local farm products as good public policy and local economic development. Additionally, individuals will learn to supplement their current diet by growing their own fruits and vegetables as individuals or as community groups.
Value* Outcome Description
12Number of children/youth who improved knowledge of local food and agricultural systems.
70Number of individuals who gain knowledge or acquire skills related to vegetable/fruit gardening, and if also reporting under Urban and Consumer Agriculture Objective, divide up the reported number appropriately between the two objectives to avoid duplication.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
29Number of individuals who begin home food production by starting a vegetable and/or fruit garden, and if also reporting under Urban and Consumer Horticulture Objective, divide up the reported number appropriately between the two objectives to avoid duplication.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Agricultural producers, workers, food handlers and consumers will adopt safer food and agricultural production, handling, and distribution practices that reduce workplace and home injuries/illnesses, enhance food security, and increase the quality and safety of food that North Carolinians prepare and consume.
Training and educational programs for farmers, agricultural workers, food handlers, and consumers will provide research-based programming, materials, information and expertise to compel these individuals to implement practices relating to the overall safety and security for the food supply and farming systems. Components of this include on-farm, packinghouse, and transportation management, retail and food service establishments, and consumer’s homes. Therefore targeted audiences include farmers and agricultural workers and their families, food handlers and workers (both amateur and commercial), transporters, processors, business operators, food service and retail staff, supervisors of any food facility, long term care facility staff and individuals who purchase, prepare and serve food in their homes. With an estimated 76 million foodborne illnesses annually, costing an estimated $1.4 trillion, food safety highlights a specific area of risk to be addressed by Cooperative Extension. The recent produce-related foodborne illness outbreaks have brought public attention to a problem that has been increasing nationally for the last ten years. The issues of foodborne illness and food safety pose immediate risks for farmers affecting the areas of economics, consumer demand, and market access. Because no processing or kill steps are involved with produce that is typically eaten raw, the best measures to limit microorganisms and fresh produce related illness are to prevent microbes from contaminating the product. Practices like Good Agricultural Practices (GAPs), Good Handling Practices (GHPs), and Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points (HACCP) represent a systematic preventive approach to food safety, protecting agricultural products as they move from farm to retail and restaurants and finally to families. While there is currently no legal requirements for growers to implement GAPs, buyers have responded to the public concern by requiring their produce growers to adhere to current guidelines and possibly even require GAPs certification. The main areas of concern incorporate production, harvesting, packing, and transporting produce in the areas of water quality, manure management, domestic and wildlife management, worker health and hygiene, transportation, traceability, and documentation. For North Carolina growers to be competitive and produce safe product, it is important that they gain knowledge about and implement food safety programs that minimize physical, chemical and biological hazards Food safety risks do not stop at primary production. As risks associated with pathogens can occur at many junctions between primary production and consumption, food safety is a truly farm-to-fork issue. The World Health Organization and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have defined 5 factors that lead to foodborne illness outbreaks: Inadequate cooking or processing procedures; improper storage and holding temperatures, cross-contamination between potentially contaminated raw materials and ready-to-eat foods (either directly or through poor sanitation); and poor implementation of personal hygiene practices. The preventative steps targeting risk reduction taken at each of the components making up the food supply chain are critical in preventing food-borne illness. Educational programs including ServSAFE, School HACCP workshops, food safety at childcare and senior centers, and targeted farm-to-fork food safety inclusion for all food handlers is necessary for important for advances in knowledge and implementation of preventative programs. Equally important is that families and children have a secure food supply. Hunger in American households has risen by 43 percent over the last five years, according to an analysis of US Department of Agriculture (USDA) data released in the report "Household Food Security in the United States, 2004." The analysis, completed by the Center on Hunger and Poverty at Brandeis University, shows that more than 7 million people have joined the ranks of the hungry since 1999. The USDA report says that 38.2 million Americans live in households that suffer directly from hunger and food insecurity, including nearly 14 million children. That figure is up from 31 million Americans in 1999. Limited-resource, socially disadvantaged and food-insecure individuals, families and communities will be provided with information and opportunities to enhance household food, diet and nutritional security. Agriculture is one of the most hazardous industries in the United States, and consistently ranks as the first, second or third most deadly industry along with mining and construction. Agriculture is unique in that the work and home place are often the same, exposing both workers and family members to hazards. In the United States on average each year, there are 700 deaths and 140,000 injuries to those who work in agriculture, defined as farming, forestry and fishing. Farmers, farmworkers and their families are at high risk for fatal and nonfatal injuries (primarily from tractor roll-overs, machinery entanglements, and animal handling incidents), musculo-skeletal conditions, work-related lung diseases, noise-induced hearing loss, heat stress and heat stroke, pesticide exposure and illness, skin diseases, behavioral health issues, and certain cancers associated with chemical use and prolonged sun exposure. The health and safety of migrant and seasonal farmworkers are complicated by other conditions such as infectious disease, hypertension, and diabetes, as well as cultural and language barriers. Farmers and farmworkers alike are subject to lack of access to health care. Agricultural injury and illness are costly, with total US annual costs reaching $4.5 billion and per farm costs equaling $2,500, or 15% of net income. Median health care coverage for farm families is $6,000 per year. In North Carolina, 27% of farm families do not have health insurance, while 29% of farmers do not have health insurance. Many others have health care coverage with high annual deductibles and high premiums. Agromedicine is a comprehensive, collaborative approach involving both agricultural and health scientists to develop solutions addressing the health and safety issues of the agricultural community through research, education and outreach. The North Carolina Agromedicine Institute, a partnership of NC State University, NC A&T State University and East Carolina University in collaboration with others, develops and evaluates effective programs to reduce injury and illness in agriculture, forestry and fishing. One such program is called Certified Safe Farm (CSF) and AgriSafe. CSF and AgriSafe were first developed and researched in Iowa. CSF and AgriSafe are being adapted to North Carolina agriculture by the NC Agromedicine Institute and its Cooperative Extension collaborators. Certified Safe Farm combines AgriSafe health services (wellness and occupational health screenings and personal protection equipment selection and fit services) conducted by trained AgriSafe health providers, on-farm safety reviews conducted by trained Extension agents, and community education and outreach to achieve safety and health goals established by participating farmers and their employees and families. Insurance incentives and safety equipment cost-share programs for participating farmers are still being developed. Other ongoing educational programs addressing agricultural health and safety include farm safety days for children, youth, or families, employee hands-on farm safety training, the National Safe Tractor and Machinery Operation Program for youth, and youth ATV operator safety certification programs.
Value* Outcome Description
60Number of commercial/public operators trained
977Number of pesticide application credit hours provided
8Number of persons certified in Pork Quality Assurance (PQA) or Beef Quality Assurance (BQA)
63Number of participants participating in AgriSafe personal protective equipment (PPE) selection or fit testing
22Number of food service employees receiving ServSafe certification
37Number of participants trained in safe home food handling, preservation, or preparation practices
65Number of school personnel trained in School HACCP principles
87TOTAL number of food handlers receiving food safety training and education in safe food handling practices (new required data for federal reporting)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
86Number of persons certified in Good Agricultural Practices (GAPs) or Good Handling Practices (GHPs)
22Number of participants developing food safety plans
22Number of participants implementing ServSafe
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Individuals and groups will acquire leadership and decision making capacities needed to guide and actively participate in local and state organizations.
Leadership is important to every level of a community sharing in the creation of wealth and well-being. Youth and adult leaders must be capable of motivating groups to achieve common goals that impact North Carolina families and communities.They will need the confidence and skill to guide and support North Carolina community and state organizations. Citizens participating in the 2007 NC Tomorrow survey denoted the importance of leadership by clearly requesting leadership training (54%), social advising, community advising and technical assistance (45%)from their university system.
Value* Outcome Description
57Number of adults increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
5Number of adults assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
155Number of youth increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
26Number of youth assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
17Number of adults increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
3Number of adults assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
42Number of youth increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
26Number of youth assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Community members, organizations and local government will engage in collaborative dialog and decision-making to build economically, socially and environmentally resilient communities. This will be done through inclusive engagement, partnership building, and/or community planning.
Throughout North Carolina, communities that come together to collaboratively address issues and/or interests are enhancing the community's quality of life and its economic, social and environmental resiliency. The state's growing population and economy is producing significant changes in its communities and in some cases resulting in the emergence of new communities. The perspectives, capacity and skills of all community members are essential to aligning community decisions and actions with local needs, assets and priorities. NC Cooperative Extension has an important role in engaging and supporting the ongoing work of citizens, organizations, and communities in decision-making, and strategic dialog to influence positive public policy, foster development of partnerships, create empowered communities, be prepared to address the high potential for natural and human-caused disasters.
Value* Outcome Description
72Number of participants increasing knowledge and skills in convening and leading inclusive, representative groups (including limited resources, new resident, or immigrant groups) for evidence based community development
9Number of participants developing skills in leading community, economic, and/or disaster planning and change
26Number of participants who increased their awareness, knowledge or skill in business related topics (e.g., management, product development, marketing, business structure options, business law and/or liability)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
3Number of businesses created, retained, or expanded due to Extension’s community and economic development programming
15Number of participants who report new or expanded leadership roles and opportunities undertaken
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Parents and caregivers will effectively use recommended parenting, self care practices and community resources.
North Carolina communities are only as strong and viable as the families that reside there. To create and maintain viable communities where children and youth succeed and the elderly are protected and cared for parents and caregivers need knowledge and skills that build their capacity to function effectively and carryout their responsibilities. They need to be equipped to: 1) foster positive parent-child relationships, 2) address anti-social behavior with appropriate disciplinary techniques, 3) implement positive role modeling, child monitoring and supervision strategies and 4) prevent practices that lead to the abuse and neglect of children. State data suggest that strengthening parenting skills could serve as an asset to families and communities. Risk and needs assessment data on 46,041 youth involved in NC courts found that 59% of the youth had problems in school, 40% had relationships with peers associated with gangs and delinquent behavior, 40% had parents who were either unable or unwilling to supervise them, and 68% had parents with either marginal or inadequate supervision skills. A large percentage of NC working families with children under six (63.34%) must rely on child care services. Child care practitioner education and training is key to providing quality childcare. Family members provide care to a rapidly growing aging population that could double, reaching 2.8 million in the next two decades. A majority of elderly North Carolinians suffer from multiple chronic illnesses. Caregiver demands can trigger health problems, financial and emotional stress. Families who provide care and support for elderly family members also need skills to succeed with less stress and financial burden and need to be linked to community resources that provide support for the care and maintenance of elderly family members.
Futures that Work: School to Career Pathways
We are living in a new economy powered by technology, fueled by information and driven by knowledge. Extension programs provide opportunities for youth and adults to improve their level of education and increase their skills that enable them to be competitive in our global society and workforce.
Value* Outcome Description
58Number of teachers trained in 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum
1919Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
956Total number of female participants in STEM program
20Number of high school age youth (students) participating as members of 4-H clubs
265Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge of career/employability skills
68Number of adults increasing knowledge of career/employability skills
54Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge of entrepreneurship
15Number of adults increasing knowledge of entrepreneurship
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
68Number of teachers using 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum in their classrooms
1919Number of youth (students) gaining knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
105Number of youth (students) gaining career / employability skills
18Number of adults gaining career / employability skills
81Number of youth (students) gaining entrepreneurship skills
8Number of adults gaining entrepreneurship skills
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Consumers and communities will enhance the value of plants, animals, and landscapes while conserving valuable natural resources and protecting the environment.
Residential, commercial and public entities will make decisions regarding plant selection, placement and management that will decrease water consumption, preserve and improve water quality, mitigate storm water contaminants, reduce erosion, energy consumption, and greenwaste, expand wildlife habitat, improve real estate value, and improve diet and nutrition of consumers. The horse and "farmer lifestyle" industry will continue to grow and have an increasing impact on North Carolina's economy, while protecting the environment. The NCDA&CS reports that 65,000 horse producers own over 225,000 horses which annually generates over $704 million of gross revenue from training, showing, boarding and breeding establishments in addition to agri-business sales of horse-related products. The total economic impact of the NC green industry is $8.6 billion, involving 151,982 employees, and 120,741 acres of production (Green Industry Council, 2006). North Carolina residential consumers spend $5.9 billion dollars per year on garden and landscape related expenses (Green Industry Council, 2006). For 2007, North Carolina's population is estimated to be 8,968,800 (LINC). The population grew by 1,323,288 (15%), between 1997 and 2007 and it is projected to grow by another 1,330,055 (13%), over the next ten years (LINC). Over 50% of the population now lives in urban areas. Despite evidence of the ecological and financial benefits, environmentally responsible landscaping strategies are not being implemented widely. Renovating a landscape to incorporate water conserving strategies may result in using 36% less water. Urban water run-off accounts for the majority of water pollution, mostly pesticides and fertilizers, that does not come from a specific industrial source. Selection of well-adapted plants, effective pest management, and appropriate care and feeding of plants will greatly reduce dependence on fertilizers and pesticides. Rain water that is not absorbed by the soil becomes erosive storm water runoff, which transports pollutants such as fertilizer, pesticides, sediment, motor oil, litter, and animal waste to local streams and rivers. Landscape designs will include rain gardens and other runoff catchment facilities (underground cisterns, etc.) that are attractive and easy to maintain in residential areas. Homeowners will learn that proper plant selection and placement can reduce winter heating bills by as much as 15% and summer cooling bills by as much as 50 percent, while reducing the need to prune over-sized plants. Wild habitat areas are rapidly being converted into housing and commercial properties, displacing native plants and animals. Choosing native or adapted plants that provide food and shelter creates a haven for butterflies, birds, lizards, and other animals. Edible landscaping can increase the amount and expand the variety of fresh fruits and vegetables consumed.
Value* Outcome Description
246Number of participants improving knowledge, attitude, skills and aspirations regarding gardening and landscape practices including plant selection and placement, turfgrass management, soil management, growing food, water conservation and water quality preservation, storm water and erosion management, green waste management, pest and wildlife management
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
29Number of participants growing food for home consumption
1056Value of produce grown for home consumption
11Number of participants adopting composting
25Reduced tonnage of greenwaste as a result of Extension-recommended practices including composting and proper plant selection
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Youth and adult program participants will make healthy food choices, achieve the recommended amount of physical activity and reduce risk factors for chronic diseases.
Many North Carolinians are affected by chronic disease and conditions that compromise their quality of life and well-being. Heart disease, stroke and cancer continue to be leading causes of death in our state. In addition, obesity and obesity related chronic diseases such as diabetes continue to rise at alarming rates. Healthy eating and physical activity are critical to achieve optimal health. Many North Carolinians have diets that are too high in calories and too low in fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Portion sizes, foods eaten away-from-home and consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages continue to rise. In addition, most North Carolinians do not engage in regular physical activity. The prevalence of overweight and obesity has nearly doubled in the past 10 years. If the trend of overweight is not slowed, it will eliminate the progress we have made in reducing the burden of weigh-related chronic disease. One in every three US children born after 2000 will become diabetic unless many more people start eating less and exercising more. The cost of obesity in North Carolina in health care costs alone is over 2 billion dollars. There are many proposed reasons for the obesity epidemic, however unhealthy eating and physical inactivity are widely recognizes as primary contributors to the problem. Those who make healthy food choices and are physically active are more likely to achieve and maintain a healthy weight as well reduce chronic diseases. Ultimately, this will lead to reduction in health care costs, increased longevity, greater productivity and improved quality of life.

IV. Number of Contacts Made by Extension

Type of ContactNumber
Face-to-face* 17,001
Non face-to-face** 32,985
Total by Extension staff in 2017 49,986
* Face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make directly with individuals through one-on-one visits, meetings, and other activities where staff members work directly with individuals.
** Non face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make indirectly with individuals by telephone, email, newsletters, news articles, radio, television, and other means.

V. Designated Grants Received by Extension

Type of GrantAmount
Contracts/Grants $81,352.00
Gifts/Donations $11,655.00
In-Kind Grants/Donations $500.00
United Way/Foundations $0.00
User Fees $0.00
Total $93,507.00

VI. Volunteer Involvement in Extension Programs

Number of Volunteers* Number of Volunteer Hours Known client contacts by volunteers Dollar Value at 24.14
4-H: 327 2,425 3,390 $ 58,540.00
Advisory Leadership System: 0 0 0 $ 0.00
Extension Community Association: 9 536 530 $ 12,939.00
Extension Master Gardener: 51 2,148 182 $ 51,853.00
Other: 17 144 312 $ 3,476.00
Total: 404 5253 4414 $ 126,807.00
* The number of volunteers reflects the overall number of volunteers for multiple events.

VII. Membership of Advisory Leadership System

Homeowner Horticulture
Carrie Bibbens
Pat Avery
Virginia Blake
Forestry
James Gray
Henry Randolph
Buren Fulmer
Tom Steves
Brad Rawlings
4-H
Juanita Hudson
Pauline Calloway
Hettie Fultz
Mary Forrest
Beth Blinson
Toni Swaim
Marsha Woodall
Audra DeSorbo

Family & Consumer Science--CCR
James Goff
Dr. Pauline Calloway
Steve Plummer
Judy West
Jim Burgin
Tony Wilder
Dorothy Hales
Wanda Hardison
Jennifer Walker
Elsie Lee
Jo Ann Geddie
Becky Wise
Beth Blinson
Alice Thomas
Dr. Meredith Williams
Dave Taylor
Dr. Susan Byerly
Brandy Woods
Dr. Catherine Evans
Ginger Harris-McGrintly
Community Rural Development Board--Harnett Voices
Cherry McNeill
Costella McKoy
Hattie Smith
Avest Smith
Frances Harvey
Alberta Monroe
Shavonda Chance
Family & Consumer Science--PAT
Dr. Connie Chester
Kathy Gower
Terri Crisp
William Baker
Tracy Barnes, MS CCC-SLP, ITFS
Charles Royal
Glenn Johnson
Dr. Susan Byerly
Sara Bowman
Alice Thomas
Leon McKoy
Maureen Mercho
Wanda Hardison
Family & Consumer Science--TAP
Debra Hawkins
Deborah Whittington
Natalie Edwards
Shavonda Chance
Hazel Gray
Esme Giebmanns
Mary Lou Vollmer
Charlotte Leach
Dr. Terri Brown
Elsa Sears
Miriam McCullough
Carma Baggett
Amy Peeples
Linda Kerr
Reverend Bill Goodnight
Dorothy Blue
Melanie Graham
Dr. Pauline Calloway
Gale Penny
Stella Currin
Esther Rodriguez
Wendy Butcher
Jennifer Walker
Alice Price
Livestock
Dennis Eason
Ted Gardner
Buster Johnson
Cindy Johnson
Phillip Page
Veve Page
Tom Butler
Tim Stephenson
Bryan Blinson
Steven Broadwell
4-H--Girls Are Great
Deborah Hawkins
Heather Carter
Brittany Dunnigan
Jennifer Lee
Debbie Stephenson

4-H--Harnett County Juvenile Crime Prevention Council
Jim Burgin
Chris Carr
Shavonda Chance
Carl Davis
Resson Faircloth
Barbara McKoy
Vera Jones
Pam Little
Gary McNeill
Leslie Morris
Alice Price
Avis Smith
David Whittenton
Tony Wilder
Angie Wood
Marsha Woodall
Advisory Leadership Council
Cherry McNeill
Costella McKoy
Deborah Whittington
Patsy Avery
Donna Rigby
Golda Bailey
Donna Springle
Juanita Hudson
Leon McKoy
Rose Cotton, Chair
Pauline Calloway
Criag Senter
Beth Blinson
Hettie Fultz
Wendy Butcher
Crops
Ricky Sears
Kent Revels
Frankie Spivey
Clay Gardner
Jeff Autry
Stephen Salmon
Ryan Patterson
Nick Dupree
Trent Wilson
CH Johnson
Beekeepers
Don Ferrara
James Graves
Thurmond Brown
Cathryn Parsons
Equine
Allison Delong
Ben Dixon
Effie Carroll
Harold Dixon
Jennifer Champion
Justin McLeod
Leon Carroll
Madison Reilly
Mashelle Cleckner
Norman Lichtman
Sharon McCray
Suzanne MacCallum
Taylor Harrison
Tonya Reilly
Tori Miller
Tracey Ireland
Nutrition, Health & Wellness
Belinda Raynor
Cynthia Pierce
Rose Cotton

VIII. Staff Membership

Bill Stone
Title: County Extension Director, Lee and Interim County Extension Director, Harnett
Phone: (919) 775-5624
Email: bill_stone@ncsu.edu

Debra Byrd
Title: Adolescent Parenting Program Coordinator
Phone: (910) 893-7530
Email: dsbyrd@ncsu.edu

Richard Goforth
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Poultry
Phone: (704) 283-3801
Email: richard_goforth@ncsu.edu

Jackie Helton
Title: Extension Agent, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (910) 814-6027
Email: jackie_helton@ncsu.edu

Marissa Herchler
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Animal Food Safety (FSMA Programs)
Phone: (919) 515-5396
Email: marissa_herchler@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marissa is an Area Specialized Agent for animal food safety, with emphasis on the new Food Safety Modernization Act rules, as they apply to feed mills in North Carolina. Please contact Marissa with any FSMA related questions, or PCQI training inquiries.

Alicia Hoke
Title: 4-H Program Assistant
Phone: (910) 893-7530
Email: amhoke2@ncsu.edu

Greg Huneycutt
Title: Extension Agent, Family and Consumer Sciences - Foods and Nutrition
Phone: (910) 893-7530
Email: greg_huneycutt@ncsu.edu

Lynette Johnston
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-0303
Email: lynette_johnston@ncsu.edu

Matt Jones
Title: Extension Agent, Agriculture - Horticulture
Phone: (910) 893-7530
Email: matt_jones@ncsu.edu

Colby Lambert
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Forestry
Phone: (910) 814-6041
Email: colby_lambert@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides educational opportunities and technical support to forest landowners, agents, and forest industry in eastern North Carolina.

Alia Langdon-Williford
Title: 4-H Program Assistant
Phone: (910) 893-7530
Email: aklangdo@ncsu.edu

Danny Lauderdale
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Nursery and Greenhouse, Eastern Region
Phone: (252) 237-0111
Email: danny_lauderdale@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides programming to commercial ornamental nursery and greenhouse producers in eastern North Carolina.

Bill Lord
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Water Resources
Phone: (919) 496-3344
Email: william_lord@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Water quality education and technical assistance

Yvonne Ormond
Title: EFNEP Educator, Extension Program Assistant
Phone: (910) 893-7530
Email: yvonne_ormond@ncsu.edu

Brian Parrish
Title: Extension Agent, Agriculture - Field Crops and Livestock
Phone: (910) 893-7530
Email: brian_parrish@ncsu.edu

Kittrane Sanders
Title: Extension Agent, Community and Rural Development
Phone: (910) 893-7535
Email: kittrane_sanders@ncsu.edu

Chip Simmons
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Food Safety
Phone: (919) 414-5632
Email: odsimmon@ncsu.edu

Debbie Stroud
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Consumer and Retail Food Safety
Phone: (910) 814-6033
Email: dlstroud@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Area Specialized Agents in Consumer and Retail Food Safety help to ensure that Family and Consumer Sciences (FCS) Agents have access to timely, evidence-based food safety information. This is accomplished by (1) working with FCS Agents in their counties, (2) developing food safety materials and (3) planning and implementing a NC Safe Plates Food Safety Info Center.

Allan Thornton
Title: Extension Associate
Phone: (910) 592-7161
Email: allan_thornton@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Vegetable Extension Specialist. Conducts Extension and applied research programs for commercial vegetable and fruit growers and agents in eastern North Carolina.

Sharon Williams
Title: County Extension Administrative Assistant
Phone: (910) 893-7530
Email: sharon_williams@ncsu.edu

Mitch Woodward
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Watersheds and Water Quality
Phone: (919) 250-1112
Email: mdwoodwa@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: NC Cooperative Extension's Goals include: - NC's natural resources and environmental quality will be protected, conserved and enhanced. - NC will have profitable, environmentally sustainable plant, animal and food systems. Protecting our environmental resources, particularly drinking water quality, is a top priority in NC. NC Cooperative Extension is a leader in teaching, researching, and accelerating the adoption of effective water quality protection practices.

IX. Contact Information

Harnett County Center
126 Alexander Dr
Lillington, NC 27546

Phone: (910) 893-7530
Fax: (910) 893-7539
URL: http://harnett.ces.ncsu.edu