2017 Haywood County Program Impact Report

Approved: January 29, 2018

I. Executive Summary

The North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service in Haywood County is a partnership between county, state and federal government. As an extension of the land grant university system, it is the mission of Cooperative Extension to transfer research-based knowledge and information from North Carolina State University and North Carolina A&T State University to the citizens of Haywood County. Haywood County is located in the mountain region of western North Carolina and has a population of approximately 60,000.

Extension held 150 meetings/programs/activities. Additionally, Extension responded to emails, and phone calls, newsletters, together with the meetings, making 59,483 contacts in both face to face and non-face to face situations. Extension was also represented in the media with 22 gardening articles, plus 4-H, and Family and Consumer Science had many articles both in print and online, promoting programs and accomplishments.

During 2017, one of the goals of Cooperative Extension was to enhance the profitability of agriculture while promoting environmental stewardship. As a result of recertification programs for private and commercial pesticide applicators, over 263 license holders obtained more than 657 hours of recertification credits through meetings and workshops, resulting in $10,848,750 in wages preserved for pesticide applicators. Additionally, crop protection is critical in Haywood County, as local farmers produce in excess of $20,000,000 of crops each year.

Extension programs in 2017 emphasized quality enhancement in an effort to improve agricultural profitability. Extension worked with over 300 cattle and dairy producers to maximize their production, establish best management practices and to learn about a variety of marketing opportunities.

The Haywood County Extension Master Gardener Volunteer program continued working with 85 alumni volunteers. In addition to providing 3512 hours of volunteer time at an estimated value of $82,742. Master Gardeners worked with 3 elementary schools through school garden projects, responded to 631 requests for information, had 195,963 email contacts, and coordinated the plants/flowers/vegetables area of the local County Fair.

Today’s young people face unique challenges when compared to the past. Haywood county Extension 4-H program reached 4437 youth in a variety of programs including camps, special projects, clubs and school enrichment. The 4-H program was able to obtain nearly $7,000 to support programs. Special projects and school enrichment address specific topics, all of which help to increase youth’s success in school. Clubs tend to work more towards developing life skills such as goal setting, decision making, leadership, work-force development, and accountability. Other programs such as the shooting sports, sewing, livestock, and dairy programs teach goal setting in a competitive environment and a sense of fair play. Two hundred and two volunteers led these programs, giving 1307 hours of their time, at a value of $30,793.

To support Haywood County families, nutrition education and food safety were top educational priorities of Family & Consumer Sciences. Education classes and the Safe Plates certification program were used to provide information to prevent food-borne illnesses in 2017. The value of the Safe Plates program has been estimated to be $525,000 by preventing the outbreak of a single illness in Haywood County. This program provided training to 53 individuals in 2017, with 38 being certified and 15 recertified in Safe Plates.

Leadership and volunteer opportunities were provided through all the various Haywood County Extension programs in 2017. Altogether, these opportunities utilized 838 volunteers, returning a total of 6134 hours, at a total value of $144,517.

These are but a few examples of programs used by the county staff to improve the quality of life for Haywood County citizens.

II. County Background

Haywood County is in western North Carolina, in the West Extension District. Covering 554 scenic square miles, including beautiful mountains, fertile valleys and rolling foothills, the County includes 4 municipalities - Canton, Clyde, Maggie Valley, and Waynesville. Approximately 2/3 of the county lie within the boundaries of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park and the Pisgah National Forest.

The 2010 Census found that Haywood County had a population of 59,036, an increase of 5003 individuals from 2000, or a 9.3% increase. White persons represent 95.5%, African Americans 1.1%, American Indians .5%, and Asians .4%.

Haywood County’s economy is diverse, having several key industries. Tourism, health related industries, manufacturing, educational services, and agriculture. Key segments of the agriculture industry include dairy and beef cattle, fruit and vegetable production, and nursery and greenhouse production.

There are 9 elementary schools, 3 middle schools, and 4 high schools in the Public School System in Haywood, with a total enrollment of approximately 8000 students. Additionally there are two private schools and a new charter school. Haywood Community College is located in Clyde and is known for their crafts and natural resources programs.

The Haywood County Center of the NC Cooperative Extension conducts a county wide needs assessment, and advisory committees help staff update identified needs annually. Issues are identified by Extension staff, industry representatives, Extension volunteers, community organizations, farmers and others. This list of issues are then compiled into a survey that was distributed to Extension clientele and non-clientele. Four major issues rose to the top: Locally Grown Food Systems/Locally Grown Products & Markets; Food Safety-Farm to Fork, Family and Community, Farm and Restaurant; Promoting Healthy Lifestyles-increase activity and exercise, weight management; and Environment and Natural Resources Management. Follow up assessment continues. Programs will continue to address the issues identified, falling under the statewide objectives listed below. These programs will be guided by continuing needs assessments interpreted by staff and advisory committees.

III. Objectives to Address the Cooperative Extension Long Range Plan

North Carolina's plant production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.
North Carolina's agricultural crops industry makes major contributions to local communities and the state’s economy. In 2014, the estimated farm gate value of crops was $4.72 billion, placing NC as the 17th largest in the nation. North Carolina is one of the most diversified agriculture states in the nation. The state's 50,200 farmers grow over 80 different commodities, utilizing 8.4 million of the state's 31 million acres to furnish consumers a dependable and affordable supply of food and fiber. Tobacco remains one of the state's most predominant farm commodities. North Carolina produces more tobacco and sweet potatoes than any other state and ranks second in Christmas tree cash receipts. The state also produces a significant amount of cucumbers for pickles, lima beans, turnip greens, collard greens, mustard greens, strawberries, bell peppers, blueberries, chili peppers, fresh market cucumbers, snap beans, cabbage, eggplant, watermelons, pecans, peaches, squash, apples, sweet corn, tomatoes, and grapes. There is continual technological change and the relative profitability of individual farm enterprises changes over time; therefore, farmers must respond by modifying their farming operations. Changes in consumer demand create new opportunities for producers. Growth in alternative forms of agriculture will include, among others, organic and niche market production. Educational and training programs for producers of plant agricultural products and services will enhance their ability to achieve financial and lifestyle goals and to enhance economic development locally, regionally and statewide.
Value* Outcome Description
1059Number of crop (all plant systems) producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
759Number of crop (all plant systems) producers adopting best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
1153237Net income gains realized by the adoption of best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
129Number of producers reporting increased dollar returns per acre or reduced costs per acre
20Number of producers reporting reduction in fertilizer used per acre
250Number of acres in conservation tillage or other Best Management Practice
5Number of producers who adopted a dedicated bioenergy crop
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
North Carolina's animal production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.
North Carolina's livestock industry makes major contributions to local communities and the state’s economy. In 2014, the estimated farm gate value of livestock, dairy, and poultry was $8.85 billion, placing NC as the 7th largest in the nation. Hogs & pigs have historically been an important part of North Carolina agriculture. The industry has changed dramatically since the 1980s from the small farm raising a few hogs to large confinement type operations. North Carolina's number of cattle & calves on farms has remained relatively stable throughout time. Milk cow inventory and milk production have continued to decline in the state. Unlike other commodities, broiler production in North Carolina is increasing throughout the state. There is continual technological change and the relative profitability of individual farm enterprises changes over time; therefore, farmers must respond by modifying their farming operations. Changes in consumer demand create new opportunities for producers. Growth in alternative forms of agriculture will include, among others, organic, niche market production, and pasture-raised livestock. Educational and training programs for producers of animal agricultural products and services will enhance their ability to achieve financial and lifestyle goals and to enhance economic development locally, regionally and statewide.
Value* Outcome Description
373Number of animal producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
76Number of animal producers adopting Extension-recommended best management practices, including those practices related to husbandry, improved planning, marketing, and financial practices
971050Net income gains by producers adopting Extension-recommended best management practices, including those practices related to husbandry, improved planning, marketing, and financial practices
4Number of animal producers implementing Extension-recommended best management practices for animal waste management
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Producers will increase sales of food locally to more agriculturally aware consumers through market development, producer and consumer education, and new farmer and infrastructure support.
Farmers will increase their capacity to supply product for local food sales through market planning efforts, producer and consumer education, beginning farmer training programs and local market infrastructure development. The fastest growing area of consumer demand in agriculture continues to be organic. Farmers' markets continue to expand as do multiple efforts in local sustainable agriculture. Nationally, "Buy Local, Buy Fresh" movements have emerged in the face of concerns about the risks involved in long distance transportation of industrialized food production. Increasingly, public officials and business leaders see promotion of local farm products as good public policy and local economic development. Additionally, individuals will learn to supplement their current diet by growing their own fruits and vegetables as individuals or as community groups.
Value* Outcome Description
162Number of producers who gain skills or knowledge to increase production for local markets.
75Number of adults (including producers, food business owners, etc.) who improved knowledge of local food and agricultural systems.
486Number of children/youth who improved knowledge of local food and agricultural systems.
425Number of individuals who gain knowledge or acquire skills related to vegetable/fruit gardening, and if also reporting under Urban and Consumer Agriculture Objective, divide up the reported number appropriately between the two objectives to avoid duplication.
45Number of producers who improve local food marketing skills or knowledge.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
775Number of new and existing access points for consumers that expand or improve their offering of local fruits and vegetables. Access points include farmers markets, retail stores, school food programs, community gardens, institutions other than schools (e.g. hospitals, universities, etc.), and other systems/access points not noted (e.g. restaurants, etc.).
115Number of producers selling their agricultural products to local markets (direct, intermediated/food service, institutional) for consumption in NC.
27Number of producers who diversified their marketing strategies into local markets (direct, intermediated/food service, institutional).
500000Gross sales of local foods by producers. (Increase in gross sales to be calculated at the state level.)
30Number of producers (and other members of the local food supply chain) who have increased revenue.
28Number of new farms (beginning farmers) selling into local markets for local consumption (in this reporting period).
215Number of individuals who grow food in community gardens.
10000Number of pounds of local foods donated for consumption by vulnerable populations.
1240Number of youth who grow food in school gardens.
80Number of individuals who begin home food production by starting a vegetable and/or fruit garden, and if also reporting under Urban and Consumer Horticulture Objective, divide up the reported number appropriately between the two objectives to avoid duplication.
4Number of individuals who begin home food production by starting to raise backyard livestock.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Agricultural producers, workers, food handlers and consumers will adopt safer food and agricultural production, handling, and distribution practices that reduce workplace and home injuries/illnesses, enhance food security, and increase the quality and safety of food that North Carolinians prepare and consume.
Training and educational programs for farmers, agricultural workers, food handlers, and consumers will provide research-based programming, materials, information and expertise to compel these individuals to implement practices relating to the overall safety and security for the food supply and farming systems. Components of this include on-farm, packinghouse, and transportation management, retail and food service establishments, and consumer’s homes. Therefore targeted audiences include farmers and agricultural workers and their families, food handlers and workers (both amateur and commercial), transporters, processors, business operators, food service and retail staff, supervisors of any food facility, long term care facility staff and individuals who purchase, prepare and serve food in their homes. With an estimated 76 million foodborne illnesses annually, costing an estimated $1.4 trillion, food safety highlights a specific area of risk to be addressed by Cooperative Extension. The recent produce-related foodborne illness outbreaks have brought public attention to a problem that has been increasing nationally for the last ten years. The issues of foodborne illness and food safety pose immediate risks for farmers affecting the areas of economics, consumer demand, and market access. Because no processing or kill steps are involved with produce that is typically eaten raw, the best measures to limit microorganisms and fresh produce related illness are to prevent microbes from contaminating the product. Practices like Good Agricultural Practices (GAPs), Good Handling Practices (GHPs), and Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points (HACCP) represent a systematic preventive approach to food safety, protecting agricultural products as they move from farm to retail and restaurants and finally to families. While there is currently no legal requirements for growers to implement GAPs, buyers have responded to the public concern by requiring their produce growers to adhere to current guidelines and possibly even require GAPs certification. The main areas of concern incorporate production, harvesting, packing, and transporting produce in the areas of water quality, manure management, domestic and wildlife management, worker health and hygiene, transportation, traceability, and documentation. For North Carolina growers to be competitive and produce safe product, it is important that they gain knowledge about and implement food safety programs that minimize physical, chemical and biological hazards Food safety risks do not stop at primary production. As risks associated with pathogens can occur at many junctions between primary production and consumption, food safety is a truly farm-to-fork issue. The World Health Organization and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have defined 5 factors that lead to foodborne illness outbreaks: Inadequate cooking or processing procedures; improper storage and holding temperatures, cross-contamination between potentially contaminated raw materials and ready-to-eat foods (either directly or through poor sanitation); and poor implementation of personal hygiene practices. The preventative steps targeting risk reduction taken at each of the components making up the food supply chain are critical in preventing food-borne illness. Educational programs including ServSAFE, School HACCP workshops, food safety at childcare and senior centers, and targeted farm-to-fork food safety inclusion for all food handlers is necessary for important for advances in knowledge and implementation of preventative programs. Equally important is that families and children have a secure food supply. Hunger in American households has risen by 43 percent over the last five years, according to an analysis of US Department of Agriculture (USDA) data released in the report "Household Food Security in the United States, 2004." The analysis, completed by the Center on Hunger and Poverty at Brandeis University, shows that more than 7 million people have joined the ranks of the hungry since 1999. The USDA report says that 38.2 million Americans live in households that suffer directly from hunger and food insecurity, including nearly 14 million children. That figure is up from 31 million Americans in 1999. Limited-resource, socially disadvantaged and food-insecure individuals, families and communities will be provided with information and opportunities to enhance household food, diet and nutritional security. Agriculture is one of the most hazardous industries in the United States, and consistently ranks as the first, second or third most deadly industry along with mining and construction. Agriculture is unique in that the work and home place are often the same, exposing both workers and family members to hazards. In the United States on average each year, there are 700 deaths and 140,000 injuries to those who work in agriculture, defined as farming, forestry and fishing. Farmers, farmworkers and their families are at high risk for fatal and nonfatal injuries (primarily from tractor roll-overs, machinery entanglements, and animal handling incidents), musculo-skeletal conditions, work-related lung diseases, noise-induced hearing loss, heat stress and heat stroke, pesticide exposure and illness, skin diseases, behavioral health issues, and certain cancers associated with chemical use and prolonged sun exposure. The health and safety of migrant and seasonal farmworkers are complicated by other conditions such as infectious disease, hypertension, and diabetes, as well as cultural and language barriers. Farmers and farmworkers alike are subject to lack of access to health care. Agricultural injury and illness are costly, with total US annual costs reaching $4.5 billion and per farm costs equaling $2,500, or 15% of net income. Median health care coverage for farm families is $6,000 per year. In North Carolina, 27% of farm families do not have health insurance, while 29% of farmers do not have health insurance. Many others have health care coverage with high annual deductibles and high premiums. Agromedicine is a comprehensive, collaborative approach involving both agricultural and health scientists to develop solutions addressing the health and safety issues of the agricultural community through research, education and outreach. The North Carolina Agromedicine Institute, a partnership of NC State University, NC A&T State University and East Carolina University in collaboration with others, develops and evaluates effective programs to reduce injury and illness in agriculture, forestry and fishing. One such program is called Certified Safe Farm (CSF) and AgriSafe. CSF and AgriSafe were first developed and researched in Iowa. CSF and AgriSafe are being adapted to North Carolina agriculture by the NC Agromedicine Institute and its Cooperative Extension collaborators. Certified Safe Farm combines AgriSafe health services (wellness and occupational health screenings and personal protection equipment selection and fit services) conducted by trained AgriSafe health providers, on-farm safety reviews conducted by trained Extension agents, and community education and outreach to achieve safety and health goals established by participating farmers and their employees and families. Insurance incentives and safety equipment cost-share programs for participating farmers are still being developed. Other ongoing educational programs addressing agricultural health and safety include farm safety days for children, youth, or families, employee hands-on farm safety training, the National Safe Tractor and Machinery Operation Program for youth, and youth ATV operator safety certification programs.
Value* Outcome Description
155Number of commercial/public operators trained
620Number of pesticide application credit hours provided
34Number of food service employees receiving ServSafe certification
27Number of participants trained in safe home food handling, preservation, or preparation practices
75TOTAL number of food handlers receiving food safety training and education in safe food handling practices (new required data for federal reporting)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
1Number of persons certified in Good Agricultural Practices (GAPs) or Good Handling Practices (GHPs)
21Number of participants developing food safety plans
38Number of participants implementing ServSafe
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Individuals and groups will acquire leadership and decision making capacities needed to guide and actively participate in local and state organizations.
Leadership is important to every level of a community sharing in the creation of wealth and well-being. Youth and adult leaders must be capable of motivating groups to achieve common goals that impact North Carolina families and communities.They will need the confidence and skill to guide and support North Carolina community and state organizations. Citizens participating in the 2007 NC Tomorrow survey denoted the importance of leadership by clearly requesting leadership training (54%), social advising, community advising and technical assistance (45%)from their university system.
Value* Outcome Description
10Number of adults increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
13Number of adults assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
20Number of youth increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
8Number of youth assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
9Number of youth increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
4Number of youth assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Community members, organizations and local government will engage in collaborative dialog and decision-making to build economically, socially and environmentally resilient communities. This will be done through inclusive engagement, partnership building, and/or community planning.
Throughout North Carolina, communities that come together to collaboratively address issues and/or interests are enhancing the community's quality of life and its economic, social and environmental resiliency. The state's growing population and economy is producing significant changes in its communities and in some cases resulting in the emergence of new communities. The perspectives, capacity and skills of all community members are essential to aligning community decisions and actions with local needs, assets and priorities. NC Cooperative Extension has an important role in engaging and supporting the ongoing work of citizens, organizations, and communities in decision-making, and strategic dialog to influence positive public policy, foster development of partnerships, create empowered communities, be prepared to address the high potential for natural and human-caused disasters.
Value* Outcome Description
25Number of participants increasing knowledge and skills in convening and leading inclusive, representative groups (including limited resources, new resident, or immigrant groups) for evidence based community development
25Number of participants developing skills in leading community, economic, and/or disaster planning and change
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
13Number of participants who report new or expanded leadership roles and opportunities undertaken
140000Dollar value of in-kind resources (funding, in-kind service or volunteers) contributed to Projects or Programs in which Extension was critically involved by an organization or community to support community or economic development work
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Futures that Work: School to Career Pathways
We are living in a new economy powered by technology, fueled by information and driven by knowledge. Extension programs provide opportunities for youth and adults to improve their level of education and increase their skills that enable them to be competitive in our global society and workforce.
Value* Outcome Description
5Number of teachers trained in 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum
118Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
58Total number of female participants in STEM program
43Number of high school age youth (students) participating as members of 4-H clubs
71Number of adults increasing knowledge of career/employability skills
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
5Number of teachers using 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum in their classrooms
118Number of youth (students) gaining knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
65Number of youth (students) gaining career / employability skills
3Number of adults gaining career / employability skills
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Consumers and communities will enhance the value of plants, animals, and landscapes while conserving valuable natural resources and protecting the environment.
Residential, commercial and public entities will make decisions regarding plant selection, placement and management that will decrease water consumption, preserve and improve water quality, mitigate storm water contaminants, reduce erosion, energy consumption, and greenwaste, expand wildlife habitat, improve real estate value, and improve diet and nutrition of consumers. The horse and "farmer lifestyle" industry will continue to grow and have an increasing impact on North Carolina's economy, while protecting the environment. The NCDA&CS reports that 65,000 horse producers own over 225,000 horses which annually generates over $704 million of gross revenue from training, showing, boarding and breeding establishments in addition to agri-business sales of horse-related products. The total economic impact of the NC green industry is $8.6 billion, involving 151,982 employees, and 120,741 acres of production (Green Industry Council, 2006). North Carolina residential consumers spend $5.9 billion dollars per year on garden and landscape related expenses (Green Industry Council, 2006). For 2007, North Carolina's population is estimated to be 8,968,800 (LINC). The population grew by 1,323,288 (15%), between 1997 and 2007 and it is projected to grow by another 1,330,055 (13%), over the next ten years (LINC). Over 50% of the population now lives in urban areas. Despite evidence of the ecological and financial benefits, environmentally responsible landscaping strategies are not being implemented widely. Renovating a landscape to incorporate water conserving strategies may result in using 36% less water. Urban water run-off accounts for the majority of water pollution, mostly pesticides and fertilizers, that does not come from a specific industrial source. Selection of well-adapted plants, effective pest management, and appropriate care and feeding of plants will greatly reduce dependence on fertilizers and pesticides. Rain water that is not absorbed by the soil becomes erosive storm water runoff, which transports pollutants such as fertilizer, pesticides, sediment, motor oil, litter, and animal waste to local streams and rivers. Landscape designs will include rain gardens and other runoff catchment facilities (underground cisterns, etc.) that are attractive and easy to maintain in residential areas. Homeowners will learn that proper plant selection and placement can reduce winter heating bills by as much as 15% and summer cooling bills by as much as 50 percent, while reducing the need to prune over-sized plants. Wild habitat areas are rapidly being converted into housing and commercial properties, displacing native plants and animals. Choosing native or adapted plants that provide food and shelter creates a haven for butterflies, birds, lizards, and other animals. Edible landscaping can increase the amount and expand the variety of fresh fruits and vegetables consumed.
Value* Outcome Description
551Number of participants improving knowledge, attitude, skills and aspirations regarding gardening and landscape practices including plant selection and placement, turfgrass management, soil management, growing food, water conservation and water quality preservation, storm water and erosion management, green waste management, pest and wildlife management
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
1066Number of participants who use extension-recommended best management practices in landscapes, turf, and gardens, including pest (insect, weed, disease) management, fertility management, water conservation, water quality preservation and pruning techniques
225000Total cost savings from the use of extension-recommended best management practices in landscapes, turf, and gardens, including pest (insect, weed, disease) management, fertility management, water conservation, water quality preservation and pruning techniques
60Number of participants who use extension-recommended pest management practices in homes, public facilities, businesses or in community pest management programs
63415000Cost savings from using extension-recommended pest management practices in homes, public facilities, businesses or in community pest management programs
25Number of participants implementing extension-recommended practices to conserve water use and protect water qualty
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Youth and adult program participants will make healthy food choices, achieve the recommended amount of physical activity and reduce risk factors for chronic diseases.
Many North Carolinians are affected by chronic disease and conditions that compromise their quality of life and well-being. Heart disease, stroke and cancer continue to be leading causes of death in our state. In addition, obesity and obesity related chronic diseases such as diabetes continue to rise at alarming rates. Healthy eating and physical activity are critical to achieve optimal health. Many North Carolinians have diets that are too high in calories and too low in fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Portion sizes, foods eaten away-from-home and consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages continue to rise. In addition, most North Carolinians do not engage in regular physical activity. The prevalence of overweight and obesity has nearly doubled in the past 10 years. If the trend of overweight is not slowed, it will eliminate the progress we have made in reducing the burden of weigh-related chronic disease. One in every three US children born after 2000 will become diabetic unless many more people start eating less and exercising more. The cost of obesity in North Carolina in health care costs alone is over 2 billion dollars. There are many proposed reasons for the obesity epidemic, however unhealthy eating and physical inactivity are widely recognizes as primary contributors to the problem. Those who make healthy food choices and are physically active are more likely to achieve and maintain a healthy weight as well reduce chronic diseases. Ultimately, this will lead to reduction in health care costs, increased longevity, greater productivity and improved quality of life.
Value* Impact Description
55Number of participants increasing their physical activity
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

IV. Number of Contacts Made by Extension

Type of ContactNumber
Face-to-face* 25,079
Non face-to-face** 34,404
Total by Extension staff in 2017 59,483
* Face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make directly with individuals through one-on-one visits, meetings, and other activities where staff members work directly with individuals.
** Non face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make indirectly with individuals by telephone, email, newsletters, news articles, radio, television, and other means.

V. Designated Grants Received by Extension

Type of GrantAmount
Contracts/Grants $2,306.00
Gifts/Donations $4,443.34
In-Kind Grants/Donations $55.00
United Way/Foundations $5,000.00
User Fees $4,080.00
Total $15,884.34

VI. Volunteer Involvement in Extension Programs

Number of Volunteers* Number of Volunteer Hours Known client contacts by volunteers Dollar Value at 24.14
4-H: 217 1,607 1,912 $ 38,793.00
Advisory Leadership System: 28 28 89 $ 676.00
Extension Community Association: 0 0 0 $ 0.00
Extension Master Gardener: 361 3,531 196,594 $ 85,238.00
Other: 232 968 17,421 $ 23,368.00
Total: 838 6134 216016 $ 148,075.00
* The number of volunteers reflects the overall number of volunteers for multiple events.

VII. Membership of Advisory Leadership System

Haywood County Extension Advisory Council
Jonathan Yates
Cris Ammons
Jim Nabors
Lynn Forney
Bill Holbrook
Ron Moss
Neal Stamey
CeCe Hipps
Gerard Ball
Bill Sanislaw
FCS Program Council
Marnette Colborne
Lynn Forney
Amy Hendricks
Theresa Morgan
Amy Huber
Erlinda Rogers
WNC Trout Advisory Committee
Delmar Holder
Pirkko Kainulainen
Duane Wilke
Dick Bragg
Bill Palas
Matt Rhea
Chris Selle
Howard Brown
Dr. Jeff Hinshaw
Debra Sloan
Commercial Horticulture Program Committee
Jonathan Yates
Roger Wright
Charlie Boyd
Mike Medford
Wayne Villavaso
Roddy Ray
Larry Henson
Craig Artley
George Thomas
Josh Sorrells
4-H Program Committee
Cris Ammons
Jennifer Stuart
Sherri Christopher
Kaleb Rathbone
Terry Rogers
Megan Barrett
Christina Harvey
Cody Winfrey
Gail Heathman
Consumer Horticulture Program Committee
Jim Janke
John Miller
Joe Smiley
Paula Gatens
Bill Sanislow
Beef Program Committee
Hugh Russell
Neal Stamey
David McCracken
Rhonda Reece
Donnie Cable
Kyle Miller
Tim Kelley
Terry Rogers
Beekeeping
Kathy Taylor
Allen Blanton
Roy Duvall
Rich Byers
Tyree Kiser
Cynthia Schwartz
Dairy Program Committee
Hank Ross
Bill Cochran
Ronnie Ross
Randy Parkins
Phillip Ross
Tommy Osborne
Leslie Smathers
Donna Silvers
Tobacco/Field Crops Program Committee
Adrian Presnell
Skipper Russell
Doug Robertson
Don Smart
Jimmy Glance
Livestock Fair Program Committee
Angela Fowler
Cathy Smart
Vance Muse
Stephanie Parkins
Pat Cochran
Jim Cochran
Melba Pickens
Neal Stamey
Dawn Buchanan

VIII. Staff Membership

Bill Skelton
Title: County Extension Director
Phone: (828) 456-3575
Email: bill_skelton@ncsu.edu

Karen Ball
Title: County Extension Administrative Assistant
Phone: (828) 456-3575
Email: karen_ball@ncsu.edu

Coley Bartholomew
Title: Extension Agent, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (828) 456-3575
Email: coley_phillips@ncsu.edu

Brent Buchanan
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Dairy
Phone: (315) 212-1277
Email: brent_buchanan@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Dairy Extension Programming in Western North Carolina Counties of Haywood, Madison, Buncombe, Transylvania, Henderson, Yancey, McDowell, Polk, Rutherford, Mitchell, Avery, Burke, Cleveland, Watauga, Caldwell, Catawba, Lincoln, Gaston, Ashe, Wilkes, Alexander, Iredell, Alleghany, Surry, Yadkin, and Davie.

Lauren Greene
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agribusiness - Poultry
Phone: (336) 651-7347
Email: lauren_greene@ncsu.edu

Ethan Henderson
Title: Extension Agent, Agriculture - Livestock and Forages
Phone: (828) 456-3575
Email: ethan_henderson@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Serving Haywood County

Marissa Herchler
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Animal Food Safety (FSMA Programs)
Phone: (919) 515-5396
Email: marissa_herchler@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marissa is an Area Specialized Agent for animal food safety, with emphasis on the new Food Safety Modernization Act rules, as they apply to feed mills in North Carolina. Please contact Marissa with any FSMA related questions, or PCQI training inquiries.

Bill Lord
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Water Resources
Phone: (919) 496-3344
Email: william_lord@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Water quality education and technical assistance

Craig Mauney
Title: Extension Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Commercial Vegetables & Fruits
Phone: (828) 684-3562
Email: craig_mauney@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides educational opportunities, training and technical support to commercial fruit and vegetable growers, agents, and industry in Western NC.

Currey Nobles
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9520
Email: canobles@ncsu.edu

Elena Rogers
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Food Safety - Fresh Produce Western NC
Phone: (828) 352-2519
Email: elena_rogers@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provide educational programs, training and technical support focusing on fresh produce safety to Agents and growers in Western NC.

Julie Sawyer
Title: Extension Agent, Family and Consumer Sciences
Phone: (828) 456-3575
Email: julie_sawyer@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Duties and responsibilities include: Food Safety, Food Preservation, and other Family and Consumer Sciences.

Sarah Scott
Title: Extension Agent, Agriculture - Horticulture
Phone: (828) 456-3575
Email: sarah_scott@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Consumer horticulture,Extension Master Gardener Program, Commercial Horticulture

Debbie Stroud
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Consumer and Retail Food Safety
Phone: (910) 814-6033
Email: dlstroud@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Area Specialized Agents in Consumer and Retail Food Safety help to ensure that Family and Consumer Sciences (FCS) Agents have access to timely, evidence-based food safety information. This is accomplished by (1) working with FCS Agents in their counties, (2) developing food safety materials and (3) planning and implementing a NC Safe Plates Food Safety Info Center.

Amanda Taylor
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Nursery and Greenhouse, Western Region
Phone: (828) 475-2915
Email: amanda_jo_taylor@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides programming to commercial nursery and greenhouse producers in Alexander, Alleghany, Ashe, Avery, Buncombe, Burke, Caldwell, Catawba, Cherokee, Clay, Cleveland, Gaston, Graham, Haywood, Henderson, Jackson, Lincoln, Macon, Madison, McDowell, Mitchell, Polk, Rutherford, Swain, Transylvania, Watauga, Wilkes, and Yancey Counties.

Skip Thompson
Title: Area Specialized Agent - Aquaculture
Phone: (828) 456-3575
Email: Skip_Thompson@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provide educational opportunities and technical support to the trout and carp aquaculture industries in 38 counties and the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians (EBCI) in western North Carolina. Fish health, production management, and waste management educational programs will assist trout farmers, fee-fishing pond managers, carp ponds and trout fingerling producers with the management and sustainability of their facilities.

Mitch Woodward
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Watersheds and Water Quality
Phone: (919) 250-1112
Email: mdwoodwa@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: NC Cooperative Extension's Goals include: - NC's natural resources and environmental quality will be protected, conserved and enhanced. - NC will have profitable, environmentally sustainable plant, animal and food systems. Protecting our environmental resources, particularly drinking water quality, is a top priority in NC. NC Cooperative Extension is a leader in teaching, researching, and accelerating the adoption of effective water quality protection practices.

IX. Contact Information

Haywood County Center
589 Raccoon Rd
Suite 118
Waynesville, NC 28786

Phone: (828) 456-3575
Fax: (828) 452-0289
URL: http://haywood.ces.ncsu.edu