2019 Hoke County Program Impact Report

Approved: January 21, 2020

I. Executive Summary

Extension programming impacts in Hoke County for 2019 were made possible through the efforts of Extension staff members and through the work of 349 volunteers that gave 442 hours of their time, valued at $11,239. In addition, there were 12,853 direct client contacts and 56,436 indirect client contacts made to address the needs of Hoke County citizens. These efforts were possible through funding from state/local government, as well as grants, donations and user fees totaling $132,851. The entire staff worked to provide 209 educational programs that allowed for informal educational opportunities for 6,710 youth and adults during 930 hours of instruction. Hoke County Extension agents also worked with fellow agents in eight other counties to provide regional programming.

In order to provide cotton farmers the most up-to-date information regarding cotton production, Extension agents in Robeson, Hoke, and Scotland counties worked together to provide a tri-county winter cotton production meeting. NC State specialists with cotton responsibilities in production and pest management were invited to speak at the meeting regarding variety selection and pest management. Meeting attendees reported the information gained at the meeting had an average economic benefit of $12.46 per acre, with a total financial benefit of $261,660 over 21,800 acres.

The Hoke County Extension Master Gardener Volunteer program provided 53 hours of volunteer time with 200 client contacts in 2019. In addition, regional Master Gardener training completed in partnership with Scotland and Robeson counties graduated five new Master Gardener volunteers.

As a result of the pesticide re-certification classes held in Hoke County, 43 farmers, nurserymen, landscapers, forestry personnel, government personnel, right-of-way workers and pesticide suppliers earned their pesticide credits. These classes allowed the 43 participants to keep their pesticide applicator license and avoided having to take the licensing exam again and incurring fees. In addition, nine pesticide applicators completed respirator training and fit tests.

The Hoke County 4-H Summer program offered over 36 summer classes for youth to choose from. The Hoke Cooperative Extension staff along with numerous volunteers created a summer schedule for youth ages 5-16 to choose from allowing them to be exposed to different career pathways. Cooking, robotics, biotechnology, electric, painting, livestock, science discovery, farming, gardening, recycling, and many other classes were offered. 414 youth participated, with 15 volunteers and experts assisting and teaching. The 4-H Life Skills program made 684 student contacts this year. This program partnered with six elementary schools, a middle school, and an alternative school to teach life skills. Program areas focused on anger management, bullying, and character education.

The Hoke County Family and Consumer Science agent partnered with Hoke County Department of Social Services to offer parenting classes to 11 participants. Through journals and assignments, all participants gained knowledge that would decrease parenting practices associated with child abuse and neglect.

Parents As Teachers (PAT), a family support and kindergarten readiness program, impacted the lives of 30 families with a total of 44 children from birth to age 5 in Hoke County in 2019. Of the 19 families, 20 were Hispanic whose primary language spoken in the home was spanish. A total of 400 face-to-face home visits were completed with the families where information was shared for the areas of language, social-emotional, intellectual, and motor skills along with other activities to assist their child in getting ready for kindergarten. A total of 35 developmental screenings were completed on children who were age-eligible. Twelve group connection meetings were held for PAT families.

II. County Background

Hoke County has a very diverse population and diversified needs with a growth rate of 39.5% from 2000 to 2010. According to the 2010 U.S. Census Bureau, Hoke County is home to 46,952 citizens composed of 45.3% white, 33.5% black, 12.4% Hispanic or Latino origin, 9.6% American Indian, and 1.0% Asian. The county is located next to Fort Bragg, Fayetteville, and the Southern Pines/Pinehurst area in the South Central part of North Carolina.

According to the 2010 Census, 21.2% of the population lives below poverty. In addition, the median household income in 2010 was $42,927 and the per capita income in 2010 was $17,630 with 30.2% of the total population under 18 years of age. The 2012 Census of Agriculture indicates there are 202 farms in Hoke County with 58,588 acres of total land in farms. These farms generated an estimated $96,824,000 in 2012. The average per farm of market value of agricultural products sold totaled $479,327.

Our Plan of Work is based on the needs of the Hoke County citizens. The needs were identified through the use of a survey approved by the Hoke County Cooperative Extension Advisory Council. The surveys were completed through face-to-face visits and mail. The surveys were distributed through local agencies, church and civic groups, schools, board of commissioners, city council, and businesses. Through this process the following needs were identified: 1) Increasing Economic Opportunity and Business Development, 2) Increasing Leadership, Personal Development, and Citizenship Skills, 3) Increasing Educational Achievement and Excellence, 4) Improving Health and Nutrition, 5) Natural Resources Management / Environmental Stewardship, 6) Improving the Agricultural and Food Supply System.

Cooperative Extension shared the findings with the advisory council and program committees. The advisory council and program committees worked closely with the agents and provided guidance in prioritizing the needs. After the needs have been prioritized, the staff relies on the leadership of the program committees to help identify and reach the target audiences; develop programming strategies; market the educational programs; and evaluate the effectiveness of the programs. Agents will reach the identified audiences through face-to-face visits, educational workshops, and media.

III. Objectives to Address the Cooperative Extension Long Range Plan

Our family and consumer sciences programs improve the well-being of individuals, families, and communities.

Value* Outcome Description
13Number of adults increasing knowledge of life skills (such as goal setting, stress management, self-care and healthy relationships)
7Number of adults increasing their knowledge of community resources
13Number of parents and other caregivers of children increasing their knowledge of positive parenting practices (such as communication and discipline)
20Number of people gaining basic financial management knowledge and/or skills (such as; budgeting, record keeping, goal setting, writing goals, consumer decision-making)
23Number of people gaining knowledge and/or skills in managing financial products and financial identity (such as; credit, debt management, identify theft, credit reports and scores, scams, banking skills)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
13Number of adults using effective life skills (such as goal setting, stress management, self-care and healthy relationships)
2Number of adults increasing their use of identified community resources
13Number of professionals using learned best practices with children/youth/adults/older adults
13Number of parents/other caregivers of children adopting positive parenting practices (such as communication and discipline)
15Number of professionals granted CEUs, certifications, or other work- or volunteer-related credentials
22Number of people implementing basic financial management strategies (such as; developing a budget, keeping records, etc.)
46Number of people accessing programs and implementing strategies to support family economic well-being
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Our plant production programs improve production, profitability, and sustainability of the agriculture sector.

Value* Outcome Description
43Number of pesticide applicators receiving continuing education credits
8Number of pesticide credit hours provided
100Number of crop (all plant systems) producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
1Number of Extension initiated and controlled county demonstration test sites
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
6Number of crop (all plant systems) producers adopting best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Our animal production programs improve production, profitability, and sustainability of the agriculture sector.

Value* Outcome Description
6Number of producers who improve local food marketing skills or knowledge.
6Number of producers who gain skills or knowledge to increase production for local markets.
2Number of animal producers who increased knowledge of farm business management, business planning, financial management, marketing, or estate planning.
76Number of animal producers who learned how to develop a management plan (i.e. grazing plan, feeding plan, drought plan, business plan, disaster plan, etc.)
78Number of producers who increased knowledge of pasture/forage management practices (field improvement, herbicide management, grazing season extension, weed control, forage quality, haylage production, nitrate testing, etc.)
69Number of producers who increased knowledge of nutrition, ration balancing, mineral supplements, breeding, and reproduction
14Number of producers who increased knowledge of the strategies to promote animal health and welfare and reduce the potential for infectious diseases through proper use of vaccines, biosecurity, detection and identification of common diseases, appropriate use of animal medications, and mitigation of antimicrobial resistance transmission
5Number of producers who increased knowledge of animal waste management practices
10Number of animal waste management credits earned through Extension programs
5Number of Extension conducted on-site sludge surveys or equipment calibrations
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
5Number of producers who diversified their marketing strategies into local markets (direct, intermediated/food service, institutional).
5Number of new farms (beginning farmers) selling into local markets for local consumption (in this reporting period)
4Number of producers (and other members of the local food supply chain) who have increased revenue
9Number of participants that have adopted farm safety practices
4Number of producers adopting extension-recommended practices related to planning, marketing, and financial management
2Number of producers implementing Extension-recommended best management practices for animal waste management
800Number of acres where Extension-recommended nutrient applications were used
13Number of producers who adopted Extension-recommended best management practices and production changes related to quality assurance (vaccinations, castration, culling techniques, etc.)
11Number of producers who adopted Extension-recommended best management practices and production changes related to genetic improvement (AI, heifer/bull selection)
12Number of producers who adopted Extension-recommended best management practices and production changes related to nutrition (mineral, feed rations)
3Number of producers who adopted Extension-recommended best management practices and production changes related to internal parasite management (fecals, deworming)
28Number of producers who adopted Extension-recommended best management practices related to pasture management
6Number of producers who adopted Extension-recommended best management practices and production changes related to nutrition, ration balancing, mineral supplement, breeding, and reproduction
8Number of producers using improved biosecurity practices
1Number of waste utilization/waste management plans developed or updated
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Our community development programs build strong and thriving communities.

Value* Outcome Description
72Number of participants who improved knowledge of local food and agricultural systems
9Number of adult participants acquiring the skills needed to serve as a volunteer
2Number of participants acquiring knowledge and skills to convene and lead inclusive groups
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Our 4-H youth development programs grow the skills young people need to succeed in life and career.

Value* Outcome Description
32Number of teachers trained in 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum
1200Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
336Total number of female participants in STEM program
6Number of high school age youth (students) participating as members of 4-H clubs
225Number of youth increasing knowledge of life skills
836Number of children/youth who improved knowledge of local food and agricultural systems.
75Number of youth increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
5Number of youth demonstrating increased knowledge of natural resources and environmental issues
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
32Number of teachers using 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum in their classrooms
25Number of youth (students) gaining career / employability skills
10Number of youth (students) gaining entrepreneurship skills
322Number of youth increasing their physical activity
12Number of youth volunteers serving in new or expanded roles within Extension
4Number of youth volunteers serving in new or expanded roles beyond Extension, including community boards and task forces
8Number of youth assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
402Number of youth increasing their fruit and vegetable consumption
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Our natural resource and environmental programs conserve our precious natural resources and maintain a clean and healthy environment.

Our consumer horticulture programs teach families and communities about environmentally friendly methods for gardening and controlling pests.

Value* Outcome Description
6Number of individuals who gain knowledge or acquire skills related to vegetable/fruit gardening
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
6Number of individuals who grow food in community gardens.
8Number of individuals who begin home food production by starting a vegetable and/or fruit garden
59Number of participants who use extension-recommended best management practices in landscapes, turf, and gardens, including pest (insect, weed, disease, wildlife) and soil management
14Number of participants selecting appropriate landscape plants (adapted, drought tolerant, appropriate size, etc.)
10Number of participants growing food for home consumption
4Number of participants adopting composting
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Our food safety and nutrition programs create a safer and more sustainable food supply and improve the health and nutrition of individuals, families, and our communities.

IV. Number of Contacts Made by Extension

Type of ContactNumber
Face-to-face* 12,853
Non face-to-face** 56,436
Total by Extension staff in 2019 69,289
* Face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make directly with individuals through one-on-one visits, meetings, and other activities where staff members work directly with individuals.
** Non face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make indirectly with individuals by telephone, email, newsletters, news articles, radio, television, and other means.

V. Designated Grants Received by Extension

Type of GrantAmount
Contracts/Grants $0.00
Gifts/Donations $4,100.00
In-Kind Grants/Donations $500.00
United Way/Foundations $1,600.00
User Fees $1,430.00
Total $7,630.00

VI. Volunteer Involvement in Extension Programs

Number of Volunteers* Number of Volunteer Hours Known client contacts by volunteers Dollar Value at 25.43
4-H 249 266 1943 $ 6,764.00
Advisory Leadership System 12 36 4 $ 915.00
EFNEP 15 16 446 $ 407.00
Extension Master Gardener 43 53 200 $ 1,348.00
Other: Agriculture 17 26 83 $ 661.00
Other: Community, Family & Individual Development 8 35 34 $ 890.00
Other: Food & Nutrition 5 10 679 $ 254.00
Total: 349 442 3389 $ 11,240.00
* The number of volunteers reflects the overall number of volunteers for multiple events.

VII. Membership of Advisory Leadership System

Advisory Council
Kelly Archambault
Agnes Blevins
Michael Bowers
Wanda Cohen
Helene Edwards
Ronald Flippin
Jeremy Hollingsworth
Tony Hunt
Miriam Lawson
Rod Lusk
Patricia Lyons
Jean Squier
Carole Taitt
Carl Daniels
Family and Consumer Sciences Program Advisory Committee
Helene Edwards
Ronald Flippin
Jean Harrison
Constance Pierce
Eric Johnson
Ulva Little
Geraldine Munn
Gay Pilkington
Miranda Roberts
Jean Squier
Carole Taitt
Don Woods
4-H and Youth Development Program Advisory Committee
Beverly Alleyne
Michael Bower
Abigail Clark
Peresia Commodore
Kenneth Craig
Mary Daniels
Shirley Hart
Julie Johnson
Celeste Neumann
Leah Peele
Shirley Rush
Parents As Teachers Advisory Committee
Melba Aiken
Bobby Currie
Sonya Fairley
Jeanette Flores-Tyler
Shakera Graham
Della Maynor
Elizabeth Mitchell
Alfredo Ramos
Horticulture Program Advisory Committee
Alison Carter
Chocajuana Oxendine
Carl Daniels
Jackie Hough
Marilyn Brown
Neil Lloyd
Jean Squire
4-H Life Skills Advisory Committee
Abigail Clark
Gina Daniels
Daphne Dudley
Ronald Flippin
Hubert Peterkin
Deanna Ray
Sonya Fairley
Noran Sanford
Glorimar Santiago
Livestock Advisory Committee
Jeff Banfield
Keiley Banfield
W. W. Cameron, Jr.
Stephanie Carter
Davon Goodwin
Eric Johnson
Dr. Patricia Lyons
Wayne Willis
Richard C. Wood

VIII. Staff Membership

Howard Wallace
Title: County Extension Director and Extension Agent, Agriculture - Field Crops
Phone: (910) 875-3461
Email: howard_wallace@ncsu.edu

Cathy Brown
Title: Extension Agent, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (910) 875-2162
Email: cathy_brown@ncsu.edu

Jenny Carleo
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Grain Crops
Phone: (704) 873-0507
Email: jscarleo@ncsu.edu

Gina Daniels
Title: 4-H Life Skills Program Assistant, 4-H
Phone: (910) 875-2162
Email: mgdanie4@ncsu.edu

Marti Day
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Dairy
Phone: (919) 542-8202
Email: marti_day@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Responsible for educational programs for dairy farmers, youth with an interest in dairy projects and the general public with an interest in dairy foods and the dairy industry.

Richard Goforth
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Poultry
Phone: (910) 893-7530
Email: richard_goforth@ncsu.edu

Marissa Herchler
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Animal Food Safety (FSMA Programs)
Phone: (919) 515-5396
Email: marissa_herchler@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marissa is an Area Specialized Agent for animal food safety, with emphasis on the new Food Safety Modernization Act rules, as they apply to feed mills in North Carolina. Please contact Marissa with any FSMA related questions, or PCQI training inquiries.

Debbie Humphrey
Title: County Extension Administrative Assistant
Phone: (910) 848-8022
Email: debbie_humphrey@ncsu.edu

Cathy James
Title: County Extension Support Specialist, 4-H Youth Development and FCS
Phone: (910) 875-2162
Email: cathy_james@ncsu.edu

Stacey Jones
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Commercial Nursery and Greenhouse
Phone: (704) 920-3310
Email: stacey_jones@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: I work with commercial greenhouses and nurseries to help them with growing related issues. These issues range from pests (insect, disease, and weeds), substrates, nutrition, and other miscellaneous topics.

Peggie Lewis Joyce
Title: Area 4-H Agent - Central Region
Phone: (336) 242-2080
Email: peggie_lewis@ncsu.edu

Liz Lahti
Title: Area Agent, Agriculture - Livestock
Phone: (910) 321-6862
Email: liz_lahti@ncsu.edu

Colby Lambert
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Forestry
Phone: (910) 814-6041
Email: colby_lambert@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides educational opportunities and technical support to forest landowners, agents, and forest industry in eastern North Carolina.

Tamika McLean
Title: EFNEP Educator, Extension Program Associate
Phone: (910) 875-3461
Email: tamika_mclean@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Expanded Food and Nutrition Education program associate for Robeson County. Provides nutrition education to Robeson County youth ages 5-19.

Ivy McLeod
Title: Parent Educator, Parent Education
Phone: (910) 848-8031
Email: inmcleod@ncsu.edu

Celeste Neumann
Title: PAT Program Coordinator / Bilingual Parent Educator
Phone: (910) 875-2000
Email: csneuman@ncsu.edu

Shannon Newton
Title: Area Agent, Agriculture - Horticulture
Phone: (910) 875-3461
Email: shannon_newton@ncsu.edu

Ashley Robbins
Title: Area Specialized Agent - Dairy
Phone: (919) 542-8203
Email: ashley_robbins@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marti Day and I are the Area Specialized Dairy Agents - the county-based arm of the Cooperative Extension Dairy Team. We are out here in the counties to help you set and reach your farm, family and business goals. We have collaborative expertise in the areas of Waste Management, Udder Health, Cow Comfort, Nutrition and Forage Management with specialties in (Ashley)Reproduction, Records Management, Animal Health and (Marti)Alternative Markets, Organic Dairy, Grazing Management, and On-farm Processing. We hope to provide comprehensive educational programs for our farmers, consumers and youth for every county across the state. We are here for you by phone, email or text and look forward to working with you!

Elena Rogers
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Food Safety - Fresh Produce Western NC
Phone: (828) 352-2519
Email: elena_rogers@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provide educational programs, training and technical support focusing on fresh produce safety to Agents and growers in Western NC.

Shirley Smith
Title: Extension Agent, Family and Consumer Sciences
Phone: (910) 875-2162
Email: sjsmith1@ncat.edu

Allan Thornton
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Commercial Vegetables and Fruits
Phone: (910) 592-7161
Email: allan_thornton@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Vegetable Extension Specialist. Conducts Extension and applied research programs for commercial vegetable and fruit growers and agents in eastern North Carolina.

Mitch Woodward
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Watersheds and Water Quality
Phone: (919) 414-3873
Email: mdwoodwa@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: NC Cooperative Extension's Goals include: - NC's natural resources and environmental quality will be protected, conserved and enhanced. - NC will have profitable, environmentally sustainable plant, animal and food systems. Protecting our environmental resources, particularly drinking water quality, is a top priority in NC. NC Cooperative Extension is a leader in teaching, researching, and accelerating the adoption of effective water quality protection practices.

IX. Contact Information

Hoke County Center
645 E. Palmer Street
Raeford, NC 28376

Phone: (910) 875-3461
Fax: (910) 875-9044
URL: http://hoke.ces.ncsu.edu