2018 Johnston County Plan of Work

Approved: January 30, 2018

I. County Background

From a geographic perspective, Johnston County is located along the fall line with 20 percent of the land in the Southern Piedmont and 65 percent in the middle and upper Coastal Plain regions of North Carolina. The remaining 15 percent of the land area is in the flood plains and terraces along the Neuse River, a critical water resource for the county.

In the same way that the geography varies in the county, there is tremendous diversity with respect to very rural agricultural areas compared to rapidly developing regions. The 2010 US census reported a population of 168,878 an increase of 46,913 from 2000, a 38% increase, establishing Johnston County as one of the fastest growing counties in NC. While current statistics vary, Johnston County continues to be one of the top growth counties in the state and one of the top 100 growth counties in the nation. Major residential growth is occurring along the Wake/Johnston border and especially near Clayton, Cleveland Township, McGee’s Crossroads, and Wilders Township and the great recession decline in construction appears to have ended. Major US Highways (I-95, I-40, and US 70/I-42) have a substantial influence on residential, commercial, and industrial development in Johnston County. Improvements to US 70/I-42 will likely result in further development along the corridor from Clayton to Princeton.

The county population is diverse with 74.2% white, 15.1% black or African American, and 12.9% Hispanic/Latino according to the 2010 US Census. The Hispanic/Latino population has increased significantly from a US Census estimate of 10.5% in 2006, 7.7% in 2000, and less than 2% in 1990.

In spite of rapid residential growth, agriculture continues to hold an important place in Johnston County economy. Important agricultural commodities in Johnston County are flue-cured tobacco, greenhouse and nursery crops, sweet potatoes, cattle, swine, poultry, grains, cotton, and fresh market vegetables. In 2016, Johnston County was the second ranked tobacco producing county in the state of North Carolina. The county routinely ranks as one of the top greenhouse and nursery, and sweet potato producing counties, and 8th with respect to farm cash receipts in the state. The agricultural sector is expected to continue to be strong in the future while continuing to transition in response to the local economy. In 2018, economic indicators point to another weak year for the agricultural economy due to declining demand for tobacco, depressed commodity prices, and the strong dollar slowing exports.

The Cooperative Extension staff conducts regular environmental scans to determine key issues and needs for the county and its citizens. This process includes collaborating with the statewide environmental scan in 2012/2013. The Johnston County Cooperative Extension Advisory Council provides input on the issues and needs for the county and assists the staff with prioritization of the issues. Priority issues include farm profitability and sustainability, pressure on natural resources (water and land), life skills and leadership development in youth, food safety, and chronic disease prevention.

The following objectives constitute the plan for Cooperative Extension in Johnston County to address these priority issues. This will be a team effort for the entire Extension staff and volunteers in partnership with other local and regional entities.

II. Objectives to Address the Cooperative Extension Long Range Plan

North Carolina's plant production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.

North Carolina's animal production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.

Producers will increase sales of food locally to more agriculturally aware consumers through market development, producer and consumer education, and new farmer and infrastructure support.

Agricultural producers, workers, food handlers and consumers will adopt safer food and agricultural production, handling, and distribution practices that reduce workplace and home injuries/illnesses, enhance food security, and increase the quality and safety of food that North Carolinians prepare and consume.

Youth and adults will address community issues and/or challenges through volunteerism.

Futures that Work: School to Career Pathways

Consumers and communities will enhance the value of plants, animals, and landscapes while conserving valuable natural resources and protecting the environment.

Youth and adult program participants will make healthy food choices, achieve the recommended amount of physical activity and reduce risk factors for chronic diseases.

III. Relationship to County Government Objectives

Johnston County does not have a formal written strategic plan at this time. However, the County government is highly focused on serving the needs of Johnston County people and promoting a stable and growing local economy. NC Cooperative Extension partners with Johnston County in this mission by educating citizens in the areas of Agriculture, Foods & Nutrition, and 4-H Youth Development.

IV. Diversity Plan

Johnston County has a diverse population, with African Americans and other minorities representing about 19.8% of the population. In addition, 12.9% of Johnston County citizens are of Hispanic or Latino descent. North Carolina Cooperative Extension, along with North Carolina State University and North Carolina A&T State University, is committed to offering equal opportunity regardless of race, color, creed, national origin, religion, sex, age or disability. In addition, all persons are welcomed without regard to sexual orientation.

The Johnston County Center staff is constantly seeking to expand program participation to reach all groups. All reasonable efforts will be employed to insure compliance with affirmative action policies and that programs are accessible to all Johnston County residents. This is especially critical for 4-H programs and is implemented by using a wide variety of advertising methods to expand audience reach and program participation.

Staff members will employ a wide variety of delivery methods to reach the diverse population and involve new and under-served clientele. The Johnston County Extension Advisory Council and other committees are representative of local demographics and cover all regions of the county. These groups serve to guide, support, and advocate for Cooperative Extension programs in Johnston County. The Extension Reporting System will assist in monitoring efforts and insuring compliance within program areas.

V. Primary Delivery and Evaluation Methods

Delivering timely, relevant educational programs that meet critical local needs is the cornerstone of Extension’s mission. Extension educational programs are designed to equip the citizens of Johnston County with the knowledge, skills and tools to improve their economic prosperity, environmental stewardship, and quality of life. An Extension program delivery system is a planned and organized mix of educational methods used during an educational program. Extension educational methods are the specific ways by which research-based information is shared with targeted learners. Extension educators in our county employ a wide variety of hands-on, experiential educational methods, such as interactive workshops and classes, demonstrations, field days, and tours, that allow learners to fully engage in the learning process, test new knowledge, and/or practice new skills during the educational session. Equally important, this plan will also include educational methods such as seminars, client visits, fact sheets, newsletters, and home study kits that serve to support and reinforce learning as well as provide motivation for continued learning. Armed with the most current literature on effective teaching and learning, Extension educators also skillfully select educational methods based on the learning style preferences and special needs of the targeted learners. These client-focused methods afford learners the opportunity to gain the necessary knowledge and skills to change their lives in meaningful ways. Another key feature of Extension program delivery that is evident in this plan is our commitment to being customer driven and customer focused. As such, in addition to the County Extension Center, Extension educational programs are delivered online, in community centers, on farms, and other locations in order for our programs to be available and accessible to, and fully utilized by, the citizens of Johnston County.

In Extension, success is defined as the extent to which our educational programs have made a difference in the lives of the citizens of Johnston County. Evaluation methods are the way we make those observations about first and foremost whether any changes occurred as a result our educational programs, and subsequently the significance of those changes. As an educational organization, the changes we seek focus on key outcomes such as the knowledge and skills participants gain from our programs. More specifically, in this plan, we are using quantitative research methods such as retrospective testing, pre and post tests and/or surveys to measure change in knowledge gained, the application of that knowledge, number of new skills developed, and types of new skills developed. Extension, as a results-oriented organization, is committed to also assessing the social, economic and/or environmental impact that our programs have on the individuals who participate, their families and communities and ultimately the county as a whole (i.e. true significance of the changes stemming from our programs). We plan to measure these impacts in both the long and short-term. In this annual plan (short-term), we have outlined financial impacts as our primary evaluation methods. Another value held in Extension is actively listening to and dialoguing with targeted learners. Therefore, this plan also includes qualitative evaluation methods such as testimonials from program participants, and interviews and focus groups with participants.

VI. Membership of Advisory Leadership System

Johnston County Advisory Council
John Sugg
Jeffery Lee
Judy Meyer
Billy McLamb
Gene Cox
Mark Wellons
Cynthia Toudle
Elaine McPherson
Joann Steward
Shannon Boswell
Benjy Woodard
Tami Thompson
Lane Gregory
Ruth Holcomb
Johnston County Master Gardener Specialized Committee
Vicki Shore
Joanne King
Eloise Adams
Roy Lewis
Valerie Little
Margery Pearl
Brenda Clayton
Tiffany Whichard
4-H & Youth Advisory Council
Denise Bricker
Kristi Pettit
Gene Cox
Dorothy Johnson
Rosa Andrews
Lora Bedford
Mamie Moore
Cathy Creech
Keith Beamon

Johnston County 4-H Alumni Council
Lou Woodard
Justin Powell
Ron Hughes
Charles Creech
Carmen Creech
Cathy Creech
Amanda Hughes
Jamie Thompson
Kristi Petit
Martha Stovall
Eleanor Creech
Loretta Langdon
James Reid
Johnston County 4-H Horse Council
Christine Williams
Hannah Braundel
Denise Bricker
Diane McAlin
Kate McAlin
Natalie Weeks
Tori Gwaltney
Sherry Edwards


Youth Livestock Specialized Committe
Eric Honeycutt
Katina Anderson
Chandra Farmer
Kendall Parker
Dane Williford
Sandy Batten
Maggie Earle
Harvey Blackman
Cynthia Lee
Elaine Wood
Joy Leigh Hinnant
Jon Brown
Rick Bedford
Tony Crocker
Beef Specialized Committee
Todd Marcom
H. B. Powell
Russell Wood
Jody Boswell
Gene Cox
Craig Ennis
Ervin Smith
Hunter Boone
Norman Denning, Jr.
Goat Specialized Committee
Leslie Averill
Don Edwards
Renay Edwards
Rebecca Gessner
Heather Glennon
David Brewer
Dan Murphy
Steve Nordan
Christine Holloman
Holly Hayes

Forestry Specialized Committee
Adam Huffman
Don Rogers
Mike Winslowe
Matthew Ellis
James Massey
Field Crops Specialized Committee
Donnie Barefoot
Susan Ford
Eric Westbrook
Stephen Jones
Dan Kornegay
Hunter Langdon
Johnston County Voluntary Agricultural District Board
Tom Vinson
Stephen Jones
Cookie Pope
Myron Smith
Jeremy Smith
John R. Suggs
Don Holloman
Johnston County Beekeepers Association
Al Hildreth
Barney Biles
Thomas Anderson
Adam Pendergrass
Thunder Hawk
May Markoff
Johnston County Farm-City Week Committee
Gene Cox
Michelle Davis
Joe Gregory
Kim LeQuire
Lori McBryde
Weston McCorkle
Cindy McKenzie
Mary Hunter Olive
Billy Parrish
Carl Paschal
Denise Penny
Cookie Pope
Mark Wellons
FCS Program Committee
Elaine McPherson
Kimetha Fulwood
John Phillips
Cynthia Toudle
Flora H. Grantham
Vegetable Crops Advisory Committee
Bill Foote
Jim Jones
Sue Leggett
Kelly McIver
Wayne Worley
Danny Kornegay
Keith Smith
Monica Wood
Marshall Lee

VII. Staff Membership

Bryant Spivey
Title: County Extension Director
Phone: (919) 989-5380
Email: bryant_spivey@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Responsibilities include administration and tobacco education programs.

Tim Britton
Title: Extension Agent, Agriculture - Field Crops
Phone: (919) 989-5380
Email: tim_britton@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Responsibilities included assisting growers with problem diagnosis, variety selection, disease, weed and insect identification in field crops and developing educational programs for individuals with pesticide licenses.

Luis Cruz Santiago
Title: Farmworkers Health & Safety Educator, Agriculture - Field Crops
Phone: (919) 731-1607
Email: luis_cruz-santiago@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Luis Cruz Santiago is the Farmworkers Health & Safety Educator and Worker Protection Standard Designated Trainer with NC State Extension. His responsibilities include but not limiting to assisting farmers, farm labor contractors, and farmworkers and their families to: a) provide farmworkers health and safety training, b) develop partnerships with community organizations, agencies, programs, and members to identify educational needs and opportunities for farmworkers and their families, c) connect farmworkers and their families with other extension and community services, d) promote and lead the annual local farmworkers festival, e) provide a two-way comprehensive farmworkers safety and health training to farmers and farm labor contractors across the state of North Carolina.

Erin Eure
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Commercial Fruits & Vegetables
Phone: (252) 357-1400
Email: erin_eure@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides educational opportunities and technical support to commercial fruit and vegetable growers, agents, and industry in northeastern NC.

Angie Faison
Title: County Extension Support Specialist, 4-H Department, Horticulture, Field Crops
Phone: (919) 989-5380
Email: angie_faison@ncsu.edu

Mike Frinsko
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Aquaculture
Phone: (252) 448-9621
Email: mike_frinsko@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provide technical training and assistance to commercial aquaculture producers in the Southeast Extension District

Marissa Herchler
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Animal Food Safety (FSMA Programs)
Phone: (919) 515-5396
Email: marissa_herchler@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marissa is an Area Specialized Agent for animal food safety, with emphasis on the new Food Safety Modernization Act rules, as they apply to feed mills in North Carolina. Please contact Marissa with any FSMA related questions, or PCQI training inquiries.

Cassidy Hobbs
Title: Area Extension Agent
Phone: (919) 989-5380
Email: cdhobbs3@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: My goal is to educate consumers how to better their health through food-based programs. I encourage healthy lifestyles through nutrition education programs and food preservation. I serve as a resource to community members who want to live healthy on a budget while working with markets, food pantries, and community partners.

Lynette Johnston
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-0303
Email: lynette_johnston@ncsu.edu

Colby Lambert
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Forestry
Phone: (910) 814-6041
Email: colby_lambert@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides educational opportunities and technical support to forest landowners, agents, and forest industry in eastern North Carolina.

Charlene Lassiter
Title: Administrative Support Specialist
Phone: (919) 989-5380
Email: charlene_lassiter@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Administrative Support for Livestock and Horticulture Agents

Danny Lauderdale
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Nursery and Greenhouse, Eastern Region
Phone: (252) 237-0111
Email: danny_lauderdale@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides programming to commercial ornamental nursery and greenhouse producers in eastern North Carolina.

Bill Lord
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Water Resources
Phone: (919) 496-3344
Email: william_lord@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Water quality education and technical assistance

Lori McBryde
Title: Extension Agent, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (919) 989-5380
Email: lori_mcbryde@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provide overall management of the 4-H program, youth development, school enrichment programs, 4-H clubs, resource development, and leadership, citizenship, community service education

Katie Moore
Title: County Extension Administrative Assistant
Phone: (919) 989-5380
Email: katie_moore@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides administrative assistance to County Extension Director and manages rental of the building auditorium.

Brandon Parker
Title: Extension Agent, Agriculture - Commercial Horticulture
Phone: (919) 989-5380
Email: brandon_parker@ncsu.edu

Laura Pilkington
Title: 4-H Program Associate, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (919) 989-5380
Email: laura_pilkington@ncsu.edu

Crystal Pope
Title: County Extension Administrative Secretary, Agriculture - Agriculture & FCS
Phone: (919) 989-5380
Email: cpope@ncsu.edu

Diana Rashash
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Water Quality/Waste Management
Phone: (910) 455-5873
Email: diana_rashash@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Water and wastewater issues of all types: stormwater, aquatic weed ID & control, water quality & quantity, septic systems, animal waste, land application of wastewater, environment & sustainability, climate, etc.

Margaret Ross
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Poultry
Phone: (252) 670-8254
Email: margaret_ross@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Working with commercial poultry producers to assist in writing nutrient management plans and conducting educational programming.

Ahira Sanchez
Title: Program Assistant, EFNEP for Adults
Phone: (919) 989-5380
Email: azsanche@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: As a bilingual program assistant for the Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program (EFNEP) for Adults, Ahira collaborates with English and Spanish-speaking community-based organizations and faith-based community groups to bring nutrition and health education to Johnston County families. She focuses on adults with the goal to impact the future of families and their children. She also provides Faithful Families, an EFNEP-based curriculum that is meant to teach health education in a faith-based setting.

Chip Simmons
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Food Safety
Phone: (919) 414-5632
Email: odsimmon@ncsu.edu

Wesley Stallings
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture- Grain Crops
Phone: (910) 455-5873
Email: wcstalli@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Agriculture-Grain Crops

Debbie Stroud
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Consumer & Retail Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9149
Email: dlstroud@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Area Specialized Agents in Consumer and Retail Food Safety help to ensure that Family and Consumer Sciences (FCS) Agents have access to timely, evidence-based food safety information. This is accomplished by (1) working with FCS Agents in their counties, (2) developing food safety materials and (3) planning and implementing a NC Safe Plates Food Safety Info Center.

Marshall Warren
Title: Extension Agent, Agriculture - Horticulture
Phone: (919) 989-5380
Email: marshall_warren@ncsu.edu

Dan Wells
Title: Extension Agent, Agriculture - Livestock
Phone: (919) 989-5380
Email: dan_wells@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Develops educational programs in the areas of Livestock production and management as well as youth livestock programs.

Mitch Woodward
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Watersheds and Water Quality
Phone: (919) 250-1112
Email: mdwoodwa@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: NC Cooperative Extension's Goals include: - NC's natural resources and environmental quality will be protected, conserved and enhanced. - NC will have profitable, environmentally sustainable plant, animal and food systems. Protecting our environmental resources, particularly drinking water quality, is a top priority in NC. NC Cooperative Extension is a leader in teaching, researching, and accelerating the adoption of effective water quality protection practices.

VIII. Contact Information

Johnston County Center
2736 NC Highway 210
Smithfield, NC 27577

Phone: (919) 989-5380
Fax: (919) 934-2698
URL: http://johnston.ces.ncsu.edu