2017 Johnston County Program Impact Report

Approved: January 23, 2018

I. Executive Summary

The Johnston County Extension team worked diligently in 2017 to address issues facing the county and its people. Issues and needs were ascertained through citizen input, economic indicators, and other sources of data. Identified areas of critical importance include: farm profitability and sustainability, local foods, farm & food safety, volunteer service, life skills and leadership development for youth, nutrition, chronic disease prevention, and consumer horticulture.

Agriculture and related agribusinesses comprise 10.0% of Johnston County’s gross product and account for 10.5% of all employment. The industry is vitally important to the local economy contributing over $462 million (value-added) annually and providing diversification and stability in the local economy. Over 3,000 Johnston County farmers, agribusiness leaders, and farm workers have improved the profitability and sustainability of their businesses and lives through participation in extension programs in 2017. Notable agricultural impacts include: improved yields, improved pest management, reduced fuel consumption, better variety selection, improved marketing techniques, acquiring certification and continuing education, and improved safety for farmers, their families, and their workers. By adopting recommended practices and participating in extension programs, farmers and agribusinesses have reduced environmental impacts of waste products, pesticides, and fertilizers. Extension efforts are critical to the continued sustainability of the agricultural industry in Johnston County and have resulted in a total impact of more than $17 million for local farmers and forest landowners in 2017 by either reducing costs or increasing productivity.

Cooperative Extension classes give homeowners the knowledge to enhance the value of their landscapes while protecting natural resources through planting drought tolerant and/or native plants, conserving water through proper landscaping techniques, and lawn maintenance. Implementation of these practices provides food and shelter for wildlife, reduces erosion and runoff of chemicals, and reduces strain on local water resources. Production of fruits and vegetables in home landscapes has increased as a result of extension classes and information. These horticulture programs are enhanced through the efforts of 54 trained Extension Master Gardener Volunteers. Based on survey results indicating an average $75 value per consultation, the information provided by the extension agent and the Extension Master Gardener Volunteers to 4,524 clients was worth $339,300 in 2017. Additionally, the volunteers contributed 7,857 hours of their time at a value of $24.14 per hour for a total of $189,668 along other contributions to support the program. Cooperative Extension helped Johnston County Nurserymen in 2017 become more successful by providing educational presentations, nursery tours, and trade shows. Thousands of dollars will be saved in labor and herbicide cost annually with each nursery that attended on-farm weed trials. They learned better practices in weeding frequency, herbicide selection, correct handheld spreader calibration, and using mulches in containers for weed suppression.

4-H has expanded and adapted to reach the increasing number of youth in Johnston County. A total of 4334 youth participated in 4-H programs in 2017. Youth learned and employed critical life skills in the areas of consumer and family science, animal and plant science, and healthy lifestyles. The skills these youth gain will mean better jobs, higher wages, improved quality of life, and more achievement in leadership roles. Johnston County 4-H has twenty-three community clubs for youth to join or they can participate as members at large. An ASPIRE ACT prep program was taught over 10-weeks during the summer. Twenty-seven participants increased their test scores an average of 3 points, one student increased their composite score by 7 points by the end of the class. At the 2017 4-H Youth Livestock Show and Sale, 124 young people earned over $146,000 or over $1000 per child. The majority of this income is used to support a college education for participants. Fifteen 4-H’ers from across the county also earned $10,500 in college scholarships.

Extension programs for families and consumers addressed a variety of issues in 2017. In transitioning towards healthy eating, increasing physical activity, and decreasing chronic illnesses, several nutrition workshops were offered to Johnston County employees. Each workshop educated employees how to read nutrition labels, understand the impact of each nutrient on their health, and tips for transitioning to a healthy diet. Evaluation results reflected that 85% of participants will practice label reading and 11% were "already doing this." Evaluations also indicated that 81% will limit saturated fat, 75% will increase dietary fiber, and 81% will limit added sugar. In addition to health and wellness education, food safety and preservation information was offered through local media, Facebook, Extension publications, and speaking engagements at senior congregate nutrition sites, schools, and Johnston Community College.

Extension programs have touched the lives of many Johnston County citizens through multiple delivery methods in 2017. This includes reaching 19,394 individuals in person either one-on-one or through a face-to-face educational presentation and 85,187 reached through phone calls and written communication other than mass media. These efforts and accomplishments have been made possible through local community support including Johnston County Extension Advisory Leadership, volunteers, local businesses, government agencies, non-profit organizations, and the Johnston County Commissioners. Private and grant funding sources have contributed $241,263 to support Johnston County Extension programs this year. In addition, 1,011 volunteers contributed 14,725 hours of their time to support development and delivery of Cooperative Extension programs in the county. While it is estimated that the total monetary value of volunteer time contributions is $355,462, this value is overshadowed by their accomplishments and those of the staff at the extension center to enrich the lives, land, and economic prosperity of Johnston County people.

II. County Background

From a geographic perspective, Johnston County is located along the fall line with 20 percent of the land in the Southern Piedmont and 65 percent in the middle and upper Coastal Plain regions of North Carolina. The remaining 15 percent of the land area is in the flood plains and terraces along the Neuse River, a critical water resource for the county.

In the same way that the geography varies in the county, there is tremendous diversity with respect to very rural agricultural areas compared to rapidly developing regions. The 2010 US census reported a population of 168,878 an increase of 46,913 from 2000, a 38% increase, establishing Johnston County as one of the fastest growing counties in NC. While current statistics vary, Johnston County continues to be one of the top growth counties in the state and one of the top 100 growth counties in the nation. Major residential growth is occurring along the Wake/Johnston border and especially near Clayton, Cleveland Township, McGee’s Crossroads, and Wilders Township and the great recession decline in construction appears to have ended. Major US Highways (I-95, I-40, and US 70/I-42) have a substantial influence on residential, commercial, and industrial development in Johnston County. Improvements to US 70/I-42 will likely result in further development along the corridor from Clayton to Princeton.

The county population is diverse with 74.2% white, 15.1% black or African American, and 12.9% Hispanic/Latino according to the 2010 US Census. The Hispanic/Latino population has increased significantly from a US Census estimate of 10.5% in 2006, 7.7% in 2000, and less than 2% in 1990.

In spite of rapid residential growth, agriculture continues to thrive in Johnston County. Important agricultural commodities in Johnston County are flue-cured tobacco, greenhouse and nursery crops, sweet potatoes, cattle, swine, poultry, grains, cotton, and fresh market vegetables. In 2015, Johnston County was the second ranked tobacco producing county in the state of North Carolina. The county routinely ranks as one of the top greenhouse and nursery, and sweet potato producing counties, and 8th with respect to farm cash receipts in the state. The agricultural sector is expected to continue to be strong in the future while continuing to transition in response to the local economy. In 2017, economic indicators point to a weak year for the agricultural economy due to declining commodity prices and the strong dollar slowing exports.

The Cooperative Extension staff conducts regular environmental scans to determine key issues and needs for the county and its citizens. This process includes collaborating with the statewide environmental scan in 2012/2013. The Johnston County Cooperative Extension Advisory Council provides input on the issues and needs for the county and assists the staff with prioritization of the issues. Priority issues include farm profitability and sustainability, pressure on natural resources (water and land), life skills and leadership development in youth, food safety, and chronic disease prevention.

The following objectives constitute the plan for Cooperative Extension in Johnston County to address these priority issues. This will be a team effort for the entire Extension staff and volunteers in partnership with other local and regional entities.

III. Objectives to Address the Cooperative Extension Long Range Plan

North Carolina's plant production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.
North Carolina's agricultural crops industry makes major contributions to local communities and the state’s economy. In 2014, the estimated farm gate value of crops was $4.72 billion, placing NC as the 17th largest in the nation. North Carolina is one of the most diversified agriculture states in the nation. The state's 50,200 farmers grow over 80 different commodities, utilizing 8.4 million of the state's 31 million acres to furnish consumers a dependable and affordable supply of food and fiber. Tobacco remains one of the state's most predominant farm commodities. North Carolina produces more tobacco and sweet potatoes than any other state and ranks second in Christmas tree cash receipts. The state also produces a significant amount of cucumbers for pickles, lima beans, turnip greens, collard greens, mustard greens, strawberries, bell peppers, blueberries, chili peppers, fresh market cucumbers, snap beans, cabbage, eggplant, watermelons, pecans, peaches, squash, apples, sweet corn, tomatoes, and grapes. There is continual technological change and the relative profitability of individual farm enterprises changes over time; therefore, farmers must respond by modifying their farming operations. Changes in consumer demand create new opportunities for producers. Growth in alternative forms of agriculture will include, among others, organic and niche market production. Educational and training programs for producers of plant agricultural products and services will enhance their ability to achieve financial and lifestyle goals and to enhance economic development locally, regionally and statewide.
Value* Outcome Description
3041Number of crop (all plant systems) producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
65Number of Extension initiated and controlled County demonstration test sites (new required for GLF/PSI reporting)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
1548Number of crop (all plant systems) producers adopting best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
17274466Net income gains realized by the adoption of best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
1074Number of producers reporting increased dollar returns per acre or reduced costs per acre
106017Number of acres in conservation tillage or other Best Management Practice
4Number of producers who adopted a dedicated bioenergy crop
346Number of acres planted to a dedicated bioenergy crop
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
North Carolina's animal production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.
North Carolina's livestock industry makes major contributions to local communities and the state’s economy. In 2014, the estimated farm gate value of livestock, dairy, and poultry was $8.85 billion, placing NC as the 7th largest in the nation. Hogs & pigs have historically been an important part of North Carolina agriculture. The industry has changed dramatically since the 1980s from the small farm raising a few hogs to large confinement type operations. North Carolina's number of cattle & calves on farms has remained relatively stable throughout time. Milk cow inventory and milk production have continued to decline in the state. Unlike other commodities, broiler production in North Carolina is increasing throughout the state. There is continual technological change and the relative profitability of individual farm enterprises changes over time; therefore, farmers must respond by modifying their farming operations. Changes in consumer demand create new opportunities for producers. Growth in alternative forms of agriculture will include, among others, organic, niche market production, and pasture-raised livestock. Educational and training programs for producers of animal agricultural products and services will enhance their ability to achieve financial and lifestyle goals and to enhance economic development locally, regionally and statewide.
Value* Outcome Description
446Number of animal producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
418Number of animal producers adopting Extension-recommended best management practices, including those practices related to husbandry, improved planning, marketing, and financial practices
96711Net income gains by producers adopting Extension-recommended best management practices, including those practices related to husbandry, improved planning, marketing, and financial practices
60Number of animal producers implementing Extension-recommended best management practices for animal waste management
60Number of waste management certifications gained or maintained due to Extension education efforts
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Producers will increase sales of food locally to more agriculturally aware consumers through market development, producer and consumer education, and new farmer and infrastructure support.
Farmers will increase their capacity to supply product for local food sales through market planning efforts, producer and consumer education, beginning farmer training programs and local market infrastructure development. The fastest growing area of consumer demand in agriculture continues to be organic. Farmers' markets continue to expand as do multiple efforts in local sustainable agriculture. Nationally, "Buy Local, Buy Fresh" movements have emerged in the face of concerns about the risks involved in long distance transportation of industrialized food production. Increasingly, public officials and business leaders see promotion of local farm products as good public policy and local economic development. Additionally, individuals will learn to supplement their current diet by growing their own fruits and vegetables as individuals or as community groups.
Agricultural producers, workers, food handlers and consumers will adopt safer food and agricultural production, handling, and distribution practices that reduce workplace and home injuries/illnesses, enhance food security, and increase the quality and safety of food that North Carolinians prepare and consume.
Training and educational programs for farmers, agricultural workers, food handlers, and consumers will provide research-based programming, materials, information and expertise to compel these individuals to implement practices relating to the overall safety and security for the food supply and farming systems. Components of this include on-farm, packinghouse, and transportation management, retail and food service establishments, and consumer’s homes. Therefore targeted audiences include farmers and agricultural workers and their families, food handlers and workers (both amateur and commercial), transporters, processors, business operators, food service and retail staff, supervisors of any food facility, long term care facility staff and individuals who purchase, prepare and serve food in their homes. With an estimated 76 million foodborne illnesses annually, costing an estimated $1.4 trillion, food safety highlights a specific area of risk to be addressed by Cooperative Extension. The recent produce-related foodborne illness outbreaks have brought public attention to a problem that has been increasing nationally for the last ten years. The issues of foodborne illness and food safety pose immediate risks for farmers affecting the areas of economics, consumer demand, and market access. Because no processing or kill steps are involved with produce that is typically eaten raw, the best measures to limit microorganisms and fresh produce related illness are to prevent microbes from contaminating the product. Practices like Good Agricultural Practices (GAPs), Good Handling Practices (GHPs), and Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points (HACCP) represent a systematic preventive approach to food safety, protecting agricultural products as they move from farm to retail and restaurants and finally to families. While there is currently no legal requirements for growers to implement GAPs, buyers have responded to the public concern by requiring their produce growers to adhere to current guidelines and possibly even require GAPs certification. The main areas of concern incorporate production, harvesting, packing, and transporting produce in the areas of water quality, manure management, domestic and wildlife management, worker health and hygiene, transportation, traceability, and documentation. For North Carolina growers to be competitive and produce safe product, it is important that they gain knowledge about and implement food safety programs that minimize physical, chemical and biological hazards Food safety risks do not stop at primary production. As risks associated with pathogens can occur at many junctions between primary production and consumption, food safety is a truly farm-to-fork issue. The World Health Organization and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have defined 5 factors that lead to foodborne illness outbreaks: Inadequate cooking or processing procedures; improper storage and holding temperatures, cross-contamination between potentially contaminated raw materials and ready-to-eat foods (either directly or through poor sanitation); and poor implementation of personal hygiene practices. The preventative steps targeting risk reduction taken at each of the components making up the food supply chain are critical in preventing food-borne illness. Educational programs including ServSAFE, School HACCP workshops, food safety at childcare and senior centers, and targeted farm-to-fork food safety inclusion for all food handlers is necessary for important for advances in knowledge and implementation of preventative programs. Equally important is that families and children have a secure food supply. Hunger in American households has risen by 43 percent over the last five years, according to an analysis of US Department of Agriculture (USDA) data released in the report "Household Food Security in the United States, 2004." The analysis, completed by the Center on Hunger and Poverty at Brandeis University, shows that more than 7 million people have joined the ranks of the hungry since 1999. The USDA report says that 38.2 million Americans live in households that suffer directly from hunger and food insecurity, including nearly 14 million children. That figure is up from 31 million Americans in 1999. Limited-resource, socially disadvantaged and food-insecure individuals, families and communities will be provided with information and opportunities to enhance household food, diet and nutritional security. Agriculture is one of the most hazardous industries in the United States, and consistently ranks as the first, second or third most deadly industry along with mining and construction. Agriculture is unique in that the work and home place are often the same, exposing both workers and family members to hazards. In the United States on average each year, there are 700 deaths and 140,000 injuries to those who work in agriculture, defined as farming, forestry and fishing. Farmers, farmworkers and their families are at high risk for fatal and nonfatal injuries (primarily from tractor roll-overs, machinery entanglements, and animal handling incidents), musculo-skeletal conditions, work-related lung diseases, noise-induced hearing loss, heat stress and heat stroke, pesticide exposure and illness, skin diseases, behavioral health issues, and certain cancers associated with chemical use and prolonged sun exposure. The health and safety of migrant and seasonal farmworkers are complicated by other conditions such as infectious disease, hypertension, and diabetes, as well as cultural and language barriers. Farmers and farmworkers alike are subject to lack of access to health care. Agricultural injury and illness are costly, with total US annual costs reaching $4.5 billion and per farm costs equaling $2,500, or 15% of net income. Median health care coverage for farm families is $6,000 per year. In North Carolina, 27% of farm families do not have health insurance, while 29% of farmers do not have health insurance. Many others have health care coverage with high annual deductibles and high premiums. Agromedicine is a comprehensive, collaborative approach involving both agricultural and health scientists to develop solutions addressing the health and safety issues of the agricultural community through research, education and outreach. The North Carolina Agromedicine Institute, a partnership of NC State University, NC A&T State University and East Carolina University in collaboration with others, develops and evaluates effective programs to reduce injury and illness in agriculture, forestry and fishing. One such program is called Certified Safe Farm (CSF) and AgriSafe. CSF and AgriSafe were first developed and researched in Iowa. CSF and AgriSafe are being adapted to North Carolina agriculture by the NC Agromedicine Institute and its Cooperative Extension collaborators. Certified Safe Farm combines AgriSafe health services (wellness and occupational health screenings and personal protection equipment selection and fit services) conducted by trained AgriSafe health providers, on-farm safety reviews conducted by trained Extension agents, and community education and outreach to achieve safety and health goals established by participating farmers and their employees and families. Insurance incentives and safety equipment cost-share programs for participating farmers are still being developed. Other ongoing educational programs addressing agricultural health and safety include farm safety days for children, youth, or families, employee hands-on farm safety training, the National Safe Tractor and Machinery Operation Program for youth, and youth ATV operator safety certification programs.
Value* Outcome Description
204Number of commercial/public operators trained
49Number of pesticide application credit hours provided
90Number of participants participating in AgriSafe personal protective equipment (PPE) selection or fit testing
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
70Number of participants developing food safety plans
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Youth and adults will address community issues and/or challenges through volunteerism.
Youth and adult volunteers in North Carolina contribute thousands of hours each year to strengthen communities and create strong foundations for the future. As these individuals engage in service, they are gaining new skills, generating new programs to serve their communities, building successful organizations, and fostering an ethic of service. Cooperative Extension is poised to support the development of interpersonal skills, leadership experiences, and content knowledge to ensure that citizens are prepared to engage in meaningful service throughout the lifespan. Current research suggests that youth and adult participation positively impacts civic engagement and contributes to the development of leadership capacities. With its presence in every county, Cooperative Extension is uniquely positioned to contribute to building a stronger ethic of service among youth and adults.
Value* Outcome Description
52Number of adult participants acquiring the skills needed to serve as a volunteer
8Number of youth participants reporting aspirations to serve in new or expanded volunteer roles in community
5Number of adult participants reporting aspirations to serve in new or expanded volunteer roles in community
14Number of hours adult volunteer training conducted
14Number of hours youth volunteer training conducted
8Number new volunteers recruited
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
164Increased number of hours contributed by trained youth volunteers
96Increased number of hours contributed by trained adult volunteers
3Number of youth volunteers serving in new or expanded roles within Extension
8Number of adult volunteers serving in new or expanded roles within Extension
9Number of youth volunteers serving in new or expanded roles beyond Extension, including community boards and task forces
3Number of adult volunteers serving in new or expanded roles beyond Extension, including community boards and task forces
4Number of youth volunteers recruiting and/or training new volunteers
2Number of adult volunteers recruiting and/or training new volunteers
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Futures that Work: School to Career Pathways
We are living in a new economy powered by technology, fueled by information and driven by knowledge. Extension programs provide opportunities for youth and adults to improve their level of education and increase their skills that enable them to be competitive in our global society and workforce.
Value* Outcome Description
144Number of teachers trained in 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum
3958Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
1859Total number of female participants in STEM program
108Number of high school age youth (students) participating as members of 4-H clubs
5072Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge of career/employability skills
10Number of adults increasing knowledge of career/employability skills
129Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge of entrepreneurship
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
182Number of teachers using 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum in their classrooms
3958Number of youth (students) gaining knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
5076Number of youth (students) gaining career / employability skills
129Number of youth (students) gaining entrepreneurship skills
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Consumers and communities will enhance the value of plants, animals, and landscapes while conserving valuable natural resources and protecting the environment.
Residential, commercial and public entities will make decisions regarding plant selection, placement and management that will decrease water consumption, preserve and improve water quality, mitigate storm water contaminants, reduce erosion, energy consumption, and greenwaste, expand wildlife habitat, improve real estate value, and improve diet and nutrition of consumers. The horse and "farmer lifestyle" industry will continue to grow and have an increasing impact on North Carolina's economy, while protecting the environment. The NCDA&CS reports that 65,000 horse producers own over 225,000 horses which annually generates over $704 million of gross revenue from training, showing, boarding and breeding establishments in addition to agri-business sales of horse-related products. The total economic impact of the NC green industry is $8.6 billion, involving 151,982 employees, and 120,741 acres of production (Green Industry Council, 2006). North Carolina residential consumers spend $5.9 billion dollars per year on garden and landscape related expenses (Green Industry Council, 2006). For 2007, North Carolina's population is estimated to be 8,968,800 (LINC). The population grew by 1,323,288 (15%), between 1997 and 2007 and it is projected to grow by another 1,330,055 (13%), over the next ten years (LINC). Over 50% of the population now lives in urban areas. Despite evidence of the ecological and financial benefits, environmentally responsible landscaping strategies are not being implemented widely. Renovating a landscape to incorporate water conserving strategies may result in using 36% less water. Urban water run-off accounts for the majority of water pollution, mostly pesticides and fertilizers, that does not come from a specific industrial source. Selection of well-adapted plants, effective pest management, and appropriate care and feeding of plants will greatly reduce dependence on fertilizers and pesticides. Rain water that is not absorbed by the soil becomes erosive storm water runoff, which transports pollutants such as fertilizer, pesticides, sediment, motor oil, litter, and animal waste to local streams and rivers. Landscape designs will include rain gardens and other runoff catchment facilities (underground cisterns, etc.) that are attractive and easy to maintain in residential areas. Homeowners will learn that proper plant selection and placement can reduce winter heating bills by as much as 15% and summer cooling bills by as much as 50 percent, while reducing the need to prune over-sized plants. Wild habitat areas are rapidly being converted into housing and commercial properties, displacing native plants and animals. Choosing native or adapted plants that provide food and shelter creates a haven for butterflies, birds, lizards, and other animals. Edible landscaping can increase the amount and expand the variety of fresh fruits and vegetables consumed.
Value* Outcome Description
4524Number of participants improving knowledge, attitude, skills and aspirations regarding gardening and landscape practices including plant selection and placement, turfgrass management, soil management, growing food, water conservation and water quality preservation, storm water and erosion management, green waste management, pest and wildlife management
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
4524Number of participants who use extension-recommended best management practices in landscapes, turf, and gardens, including pest (insect, weed, disease) management, fertility management, water conservation, water quality preservation and pruning techniques
226200Total cost savings from the use of extension-recommended best management practices in landscapes, turf, and gardens, including pest (insect, weed, disease) management, fertility management, water conservation, water quality preservation and pruning techniques
24Number of participants who use extension-recommended pest management practices in homes, public facilities, businesses or in community pest management programs
3000Cost savings from using extension-recommended pest management practices in homes, public facilities, businesses or in community pest management programs
188Number of participants selecting appropriate landscape plants (adapted, drought tolerant, appropriate size, etc.)
23500Cost savings from the appropriate selection of landscape plants
296Number of participants growing food for home consumption
109631Value of produce grown for home consumption
54Number of participants adopting composting
54Reduced tonnage of greenwaste as a result of Extension-recommended practices including composting and proper plant selection
6Number of participants implementing extension-recommended practices to conserve water use and protect water qualty
5790Costs savings from implementing extension-recommended practices to conserve water use and protect water qualtiy
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Youth and adult program participants will make healthy food choices, achieve the recommended amount of physical activity and reduce risk factors for chronic diseases.
Many North Carolinians are affected by chronic disease and conditions that compromise their quality of life and well-being. Heart disease, stroke and cancer continue to be leading causes of death in our state. In addition, obesity and obesity related chronic diseases such as diabetes continue to rise at alarming rates. Healthy eating and physical activity are critical to achieve optimal health. Many North Carolinians have diets that are too high in calories and too low in fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Portion sizes, foods eaten away-from-home and consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages continue to rise. In addition, most North Carolinians do not engage in regular physical activity. The prevalence of overweight and obesity has nearly doubled in the past 10 years. If the trend of overweight is not slowed, it will eliminate the progress we have made in reducing the burden of weigh-related chronic disease. One in every three US children born after 2000 will become diabetic unless many more people start eating less and exercising more. The cost of obesity in North Carolina in health care costs alone is over 2 billion dollars. There are many proposed reasons for the obesity epidemic, however unhealthy eating and physical inactivity are widely recognizes as primary contributors to the problem. Those who make healthy food choices and are physically active are more likely to achieve and maintain a healthy weight as well reduce chronic diseases. Ultimately, this will lead to reduction in health care costs, increased longevity, greater productivity and improved quality of life.
Value* Impact Description
71Number of adults increasing their fruit and vegetables consumption
71Number of participants reducing their BMI
71Number of adults who reduce their total cholesterol
71Number of participants who consume less sodium in their diet
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

IV. Number of Contacts Made by Extension

Type of ContactNumber
Face-to-face* 19,394
Non face-to-face** 85,187
Total by Extension staff in 2017 104,581
* Face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make directly with individuals through one-on-one visits, meetings, and other activities where staff members work directly with individuals.
** Non face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make indirectly with individuals by telephone, email, newsletters, news articles, radio, television, and other means.

V. Designated Grants Received by Extension

Type of GrantAmount
Contracts/Grants $25,350.00
Gifts/Donations $189,767.30
In-Kind Grants/Donations $8,780.00
United Way/Foundations $0.00
User Fees $17,366.00
Total $241,263.30

VI. Volunteer Involvement in Extension Programs

Number of Volunteers* Number of Volunteer Hours Known client contacts by volunteers Dollar Value at 24.14
4-H: 543 5,275 12,977 $ 127,339.00
Advisory Leadership System: 98 344 255 $ 8,304.00
Extension Community Association: 0 0 0 $ 0.00
Extension Master Gardener: 52 7,857 3,924 $ 189,668.00
Other: 318 1,249 887 $ 30,151.00
Total: 1011 14725 18043 $ 355,462.00
* The number of volunteers reflects the overall number of volunteers for multiple events.

VII. Membership of Advisory Leadership System

Johnston County Advisory Council
John Sugg
Jeffery Lee
Judy Meyer
Billy McLamb
Gene Cox
Mark Wellons
Cynthia Toudle
Elaine McPherson
Joann Steward
Shannon Boswell
Benjy Woodard
Tami Thompson
Lane Gregory
Ruth Holcomb
Johnston County Master Gardener Specialized Committee
Gerald Brown
Vicki Shore
Joanne King
Eloise Adams
Roy Lewis
Valerie Little
Margery Pearl
Brenda Clayton
Tamara Wallace
4-H & Youth Advisory Council
Denise Bricker
Charles Creech
Chandra Coats
Gene Cox
Dorothy Johnson
Rosa Andrews
Lora Bedford
Mamie Moore
Cathy Creech
Keith Beamon

Johnston County 4-H Alumni Council
Lou Woodard
Justin Powell
Sarah Ann Butts Sasser
Ron Hughes
Charles Creech
Carmen Creech
Cathy Creech
Amanda Hughes
Morgan Thompson
Kristi Petit
Martha Stovall
Eleanor Creech
Loretta Langdon
Alyson Moore
Johnston County 4-H Horse Council
Christine Williams
Hannah Braundel
Denise Bricker
Diane McAlin
Kate McAlin
Natalie Weeks
Tori Gwaltney
Susan Ford
Sherry Edwards
Liz Parker

Youth Livestock Specialized Committe
Eric Honeycutt
Katina Anderson
Amy Cox
Kendall Parker
Dane Williford
Sandy Batten
Brett Capps
Harvey Blackman
Cynthia Lee
Elaine Wood
Douglas Moore
Jon Brown
Rick Bedford
Beef Specialized Committee
Todd Marcom
Tony Crocker
H. B. Powell
Art Pittman
Gary Wheeler
Joe Hinnant
Tom Vinson
Jeremy Feller
Jody Standley
Weston McCorkle
Goat Specialized Committee
Gordon Averill
Leslie Averill
Don Edwards
Renay Edwards
Bob Gessner
Rebecca Gessner
Heather Glennon
David Brewer
Dan Murphy
John Tart
Steve Nordan
Forestry Specialized Committee
Adam Huffman
Don Rogers
Mike Winslowe
Matthew Ellis
James Massey
Field Crops Specialized Committee
Donnie Barefoot
Susan Ford
Eric Westbrook
Stephen Jones
Dan Kornegay
Hunter Langdon
Johnston County Voluntary Agricultural District Board
Tom Vinson
Stephen Jones
Cookie Pope
Myron Smith
Jeremy Smith
John R. Suggs
Don Holloman
Senoir Health Insurance Information Committee
Barbara Pope
Kenneth Wilkens
Teresa Mathis
Walker Flint
Barbara Barbour
Paula Johnson
Brook Johnson
Johnston County Beekeepers Association
Al Hildreth
Thomas Anderson
Barney Rubble
Adam Pendergrass
Janice Turrisi
Ronnie Fish
Thunder Hawk
Ken Gossett
May Markoff
Johnston County Farm-City Week Committee
Gene Cox
Michelle Davis
Joe Gregory
Kim LeQuire
Lori McBryde
Weston McCorkle
Cindy McKenzie
Mary Hunter Olive
Billy Parrish
Carl Paschal
Denise Penny
Cookie Pope
William Wellons
FCS Program Committee
Elaine McPherson
Kimetha Fulwood
John Phillips
Cynthia Toudle
Michael Watts
Rollins Johnson
Pansy Crumpler
Christina Peterson
Flora H. Grantham

VIII. Staff Membership

Bryant Spivey
Title: County Extension Director
Phone: (919) 989-5380
Email: bryant_spivey@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Responsibilities include administration and tobacco education programs.

Tim Britton
Title: Extension Agent, Agriculture - Field Crops
Phone: (919) 989-5380
Email: tim_britton@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Responsibilities included assisting growers with problem diagnosis, variety selection, disease, weed and insect identification in field crops and developing educational programs for individuals with pesticide licenses.

Luis Cruz Santiago
Title: Farmworkers Health & Safety Educator, Agriculture - Field Crops
Phone: (919) 731-1607
Email: luis_cruz-santiago@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Luis Cruz Santiago is the Farmworkers Health & Safety Educator and Worker Protection Standard Designated Trainer with NC State Extension. His responsibilities include but not limiting to assisting farmers, farm labor contractors, and farmworkers and their families to: a) provide farmworkers health and safety training, b) develop partnerships with community organizations, agencies, programs, and members to identify educational needs and opportunities for farmworkers and their families, c) connect farmworkers and their families with other extension and community services, d) promote and lead the annual local farmworkers festival, e) provide a two-way comprehensive farmworkers safety and health training to farmers and farm labor contractors across the state of North Carolina.

Erin Eure
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Commercial Fruits & Vegetables
Phone: (252) 357-1400
Email: erin_eure@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides educational opportunities and technical support to commercial fruit and vegetable growers, agents, and industry in northeastern NC.

Angie Faison
Title: County Extension Support Specialist, 4-H Department, Horticulture, Field Crops
Phone: (919) 989-5380
Email: angie_faison@ncsu.edu

Mike Frinsko
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Aquaculture
Phone: (252) 448-9621
Email: mike_frinsko@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provide technical training and assistance to commercial aquaculture producers in the Southeast Extension District

Marissa Herchler
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Animal Food Safety (FSMA Programs)
Phone: (919) 515-5396
Email: marissa_herchler@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marissa is an Area Specialized Agent for animal food safety, with emphasis on the new Food Safety Modernization Act rules, as they apply to feed mills in North Carolina. Please contact Marissa with any FSMA related questions, or PCQI training inquiries.

Cassidy Hobbs
Title: Area Extension Agent
Phone: (919) 989-5380
Email: cdhobbs3@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: My goal is to educate consumers how to better their health through food-based programs. I encourage healthy lifestyles through nutrition education programs and food preservation. I serve as a resource to community members who want to live healthy on a budget while working with markets, food pantries, and community partners.

Lynette Johnston
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-0303
Email: lynette_johnston@ncsu.edu

Colby Lambert
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Forestry
Phone: (910) 814-6041
Email: colby_lambert@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides educational opportunities and technical support to forest landowners, agents, and forest industry in eastern North Carolina.

Charlene Lassiter
Title: Administrative Support Specialist
Phone: (919) 989-5380
Email: charlene_lassiter@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Administrative Support for Livestock and Horticulture Agents

Danny Lauderdale
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Nursery and Greenhouse, Eastern Region
Phone: (252) 237-0111
Email: danny_lauderdale@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides programming to commercial ornamental nursery and greenhouse producers in eastern North Carolina.

Bill Lord
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Water Resources
Phone: (919) 496-3344
Email: william_lord@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Water quality education and technical assistance

Lori McBryde
Title: Extension Agent, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (919) 989-5380
Email: lori_mcbryde@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provide overall management of the 4-H program, youth development, school enrichment programs, 4-H clubs, resource development, and leadership, citizenship, community service education

Katie Moore
Title: County Extension Administrative Assistant
Phone: (919) 989-5380
Email: katie_moore@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides administrative assistance to County Extension Director and manages rental of the building auditorium.

Brandon Parker
Title: Extension Agent, Agriculture - Commercial Horticulture
Phone: (919) 989-5380
Email: brandon_parker@ncsu.edu

Laura Pilkington
Title: 4-H Program Associate, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (919) 989-5380
Email: laura_pilkington@ncsu.edu

Diana Rashash
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Water Quality/Waste Management
Phone: (910) 455-5873
Email: diana_rashash@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Water and wastewater issues of all types: stormwater, aquatic weed ID & control, water quality & quantity, septic systems, animal waste, land application of wastewater, environment & sustainability, climate, etc.

Margaret Ross
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Poultry
Phone: (252) 670-8254
Email: margaret_ross@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Working with commercial poultry producers to assist in writing nutrient management plans and conducting educational programming.

Ahira Sanchez
Title: Program Assistant, EFNEP
Phone: (919) 989-5380
Email: azsanche@ncsu.edu

Chip Simmons
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Food Safety
Phone: (919) 414-5632
Email: odsimmon@ncsu.edu

Debbie Stroud
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Consumer and Retail Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9149
Email: dlstroud@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Area Specialized Agents in Consumer and Retail Food Safety help to ensure that Family and Consumer Sciences (FCS) Agents have access to timely, evidence-based food safety information. This is accomplished by (1) working with FCS Agents in their counties, (2) developing food safety materials and (3) planning and implementing a NC Safe Plates Food Safety Info Center.

Marshall Warren
Title: Extension Agent, Agriculture - Horticulture
Phone: (919) 989-5380
Email: marshall_warren@ncsu.edu

Dan Wells
Title: Extension Agent, Agriculture - Livestock
Phone: (919) 989-5380
Email: dan_wells@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Develops educational programs in the areas of Livestock production and management as well as youth livestock programs.

Mitch Woodward
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Watersheds and Water Quality
Phone: (919) 250-1112
Email: mdwoodwa@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: NC Cooperative Extension's Goals include: - NC's natural resources and environmental quality will be protected, conserved and enhanced. - NC will have profitable, environmentally sustainable plant, animal and food systems. Protecting our environmental resources, particularly drinking water quality, is a top priority in NC. NC Cooperative Extension is a leader in teaching, researching, and accelerating the adoption of effective water quality protection practices.

IX. Contact Information

Johnston County Center
2736 NC Highway 210
Smithfield, NC 27577

Phone: (919) 989-5380
Fax: (919) 934-2698
URL: http://johnston.ces.ncsu.edu