2019 Jones County Program Impact Report

Approved: January 21, 2020

I. Executive Summary

During 2019 Jones County Cooperative Extension focused on Profitable and Sustainable Agriculture Systems, School to Career (Youth and Adults), Safety and Security of our Food and Farm Systems, Healthy Eating, Physical Activity and Chronic Disease Risk Reduction, Local Food Systems, Community Development, and Leadership Development. These areas of focus were identified by the Jones County Advisory Council, Specialized Committee input, expressed needs of citizens, and needs identified by County Government. The programs below are just highlights of the many educational programs provided by North Carolina Cooperative Extension - Jones County Center during this twelve-month period.

Profitable and Sustainable Agriculture Systems allowed agents to work with traditional crops such as grains and tobacco. In each of these crops there are normal problems with disease, climate and weed control. This year our Ag Agent worked with a beginning cotton farmer on general production and scouting for issues. This information saved the farmer over $15,000. The agent also facilitated a site for the Large On-Farm Cotton Variety Trial, including a field day for surrounding growers and agribusiness. Research has shown that the difference between choosing the best variety vs. a good variety can be over 200 lbs of lint per acre. For Jones County alone choosing between a good and the best variety is a difference of over $3,000,000. Last year 18 Pesticide Applicators were able to be re-certified through the efforts of Cooperative Extension. In 2019, the Eastern Area Specialized Poultry agent wrote 63 litter management plans for poultry producers. Litter management plans can cost producers up to $2,500 each when written by a private company, meaning Cooperative Extension potentially saved producers $157,500 by writing these plans for them free of charge. Agents can also write composting permits which can cost up to $450 per plan when written by a private company. Also in 2019, the poultry ASAs teamed up to once again host the annual commercial poultry grower trainings. This year, they provided a litter spreader calibration demonstration series across the state, which helped producers ensure they knew how to properly calibrate their litter spreaders. This means they are handling their waste in an environmentally-friendly manner. The agent also worked with youth to promote agricultural awareness and improve the poultry industry through events such as the state FFA poultry judging competition by helping a local high school FFA chapter prepare a team to compete. The agent also worked with the Regional Chicken Project where youth are able to raise their chickens, learn how to care for them responsibly, learn money management skills, then show their chicken at the regional show. The following day, an annual poultry processing demonstration is organized for folks who are interested in learning how to humanely and safely process their own chickens. Marketing information is also provided for the participants so they can be successful. This year, the eastern poultry ASA also brought back her annual Backyard Poultry Management Class which is an opportunity for folks across the eastern part of the state to come learn more about how to properly care for their birds. The class also provided access to the poultry extension specialist on campus for answering their own personal farm questions.

Animal Waste Applicator trainings are offered to allow OIC license holders to obtain their continuing education credits and re-certify their license. We re-certified 15 producers in the county. Pasture management and forage production were the main focuses in 2019 helping reduce feeding cost for livestock and limiting nutrient loss. We helped 30 producers with forage and pasture management. Programs will continue to be held to benefit and provide knowledge for farmers in the county. These programs consist of forage management, grazing management, waste management, and youth activities/camps.

The Area Horticulture Agent continued the work of increasing fruit and vegetable production in eastern NC. A primary focus of the program is improving producers understanding of best production practices, pest and disease management, and market diversification. The agent reached out to growers through regional training opportunities such as Food Safety Modernization Act trainings (for large and small growers to improve the microbial safety of fresh fruit and vegetables) and NC Farm School (to assist new and aspiring producers understand how to run a profitable farm business). The agent also works with large and small growers individually to provide personalized assistance on topics such as insect, disease and nutrient management or developing a farm food safety plan. The agent also works with local and regional non-profit organizations to help identify, grow and link producers with new market opportunities.


Work continues in the area of healthy eating, physical activity, and chronic Disease risk reduction. Programs such as Color Me Healthy, a nutrition and physical activity program for children ages four - six, designed to stimulate all the senses of young children: touch, smell, sight, sound, and taste. It uses color, music, and exploration of the senses to teach children that healthy eating and physical activity are fun. Parent handouts were enriched to contain nutrition tips, family physical activity suggestions, reading book recommendations, and grocery store adventures. Food demos that promoted the importance of eating healthy by increasing fruits and vegetables, budget planning, and staying physically active were conducted at all three senior nutrition - congregate sites.


“Learn by Doing” is not just the 4-H slogan, but the way the youth across Jones County have been engaged during the school year and the summer. Jones County Cooperative Extension staff partnered with local classroom teachers to offer a number of school enrichment curriculum including Embryology, Electricity and other STEAM topics during 2019.  Youth also traveled out of Jones County to see other local attractions in neighboring counties.

Not only have youth “learned by doing” in the traditional classroom, Jones County 4-H hosted various workshops and volunteer opportunities during 2019. Youth also met with local and state government officials, providing 4-H updates at their meetings and one on one interviews to share concerns of youth in Jones County. 4-H youth learned compassion for others through monthly visits at a local nursing home and volunteering at the local American Legion building to help with hurricane damage cleanup. These skills and experiences are enabling Jones County youth to become the leaders of tomorrow within their community.


The Jones County Cooperative Extension Staff realized many successes in their programming efforts by reaching 54,655 persons through educational programs and non face-to-face contacts including newsletters, phone calls, and emails. All of these programs would not have been possible without the support of Jones County Government, the Jones County Extension Advisory Leadership Council and the many collaborators with whom Cooperative Extension works. The Jones County Cooperative Extension Staff is committed to addressing relevant programming issues that affect the lives of its citizens in the coming year. Our goal is to continue our efforts of empowering people and providing solutions.

II. County Background

Jones County is located in southeastern NC, two hours from the capital city of Raleigh and 30 to 45 minutes from the Crystal Coast. Jones County is still a largely rural farming community despite the surrounding counties development. In 2000, Jones County boasted a population of 10,318 however by 2010 the population had decreased to 10,153. The U.S. Census Bureau estimated the population at 9,597 in 2017. Jones County is bordered by Craven, Carteret, Duplin, Onslow and Lenoir Counties, most of which are experiencing population growth associated with the nearby Military bases. Jones County's largest employers are county government and the school system. There are few industries in the county, however a big push has been made toward attracting companies to the county. All the major highways in the county lead to the coast therefore, Jones County is a thoroughfare for beach traffic with not many attractions to entice tourists to stop. Jones County is home to Brock's Mill which was built in the late 1700's and has served as a source of electricity, lumber mill and a gristmill for the county. This attraction was turned over to the county in 2013 and Extension has been asked to take the lead in its maintenance and transformation into a viable county tourist attraction. The NCSU School of Design has developed a conceptual design for the property which will serve as a template for applying for grants to enhance this historic landmark. A board has also been established to assist in fundraising and educational efforts and to-date has raised over $100,000.

In 2017 the eighth annual Jones County Heritage Festival was held. The festival was created by a group led by NC Cooperative Extension Service - Jones County Center. This signature festival showcases the rich agricultural history of the county and it also provides a venue for county non-profit organizations to raise funds for their individual causes. In 2017 the event brought 3000 people into the county to contribute to the local economy. In 2018 the Jones County Heritage Festival was set to move to a new venue that would allow it to continue to expand, however, four days before the festival the worst natural disaster to ever hit North Carolina, Hurricane Florence made land fall with Jones County being in the heart of the worst damage.

In 2016 Jones County's agricultural cash receipts total $113,240,061. In 2012 there were a total of 170 farms with an average size of 349 acres. Eighty-seven percent of these were family owned and the tobacco dependency rating was high. Jones county's traditional crops consist of cotton, tobacco, soybeans, corn, and wheat. Even though these are the primary crops, there is always a push for product development or alternative crops such as aquaculture or commercial horticulture.

Jones County has an established Voluntary Agricultural District Program and a Farm and Forest Land Protection Plan. Jones County Commissioners asked Extension to take the lead on both of these projects. The plan is to use these two tools to assist Jones County in planned growth that will allow it to grow and develop while protecting the current and future agriculture resources.

In 2016 approximately 18.9 percent of the population was between birth to 18 years old. Of the total population, 81.5 percent have a high school diploma and only 14 percent have a bachelor's degree or higher as compared to NC, 86.3% and 29% respectively. Jones County houses a branch of Lenoir Community College that offers core courses and 2 year degrees. Many youth who leave the county to engage in post high school studies do not return because there are few job opportunities for them to return to. Jones County 4-H answers this need by providing kits and training for teachers in grades 2 - 6 for subjects such as electricity, soil science, embryology, and poultry projects.

In Jones County, the median household income in 2016 was $34,080 (state median household income $48,256) while the per capita income was $20,348 (the state per capita income was $26,779). In 2010 the overall poverty rate for families in Jones County was 21.5 percent (15.4 percent for NC). Jones County, with 23 percent of the population over 65 (the state average being 15.5 percent). Family and Consumer science targets this higher population with two main needs, food safety and healthy food choices, by providing education aimed at this target audience's needs.

The Jones County Extension Advisory Council met and determined that the focus of Jones County's Extension Educational programming should continue to be focused on:

1. Profitable and Sustainable Plant Production Systems
2. Profitable and Sustainable Animal Production Systems
3. School to Career
4. Leadership Development
5. Local Foods
6. Safety and Security of our Food and Farm Systems
7. Healthy Eating, Physical Activity, and Chronic Disease

III. Objectives to Address the Cooperative Extension Long Range Plan

Our family and consumer sciences programs improve the well-being of individuals, families, and communities.

Our plant production programs improve production, profitability, and sustainability of the agriculture sector.

Value* Outcome Description
3Number of producers who gain skills or knowledge to increase production for local markets.
7Number of producers who improve local food marketing skills or knowledge.
175Number of pesticide applicators receiving continuing education credits
206Number of pesticide credit hours provided
2Number of Certified Crops Advisors receiving continuing education credits
186Number of crop (all plant systems) producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
4Number of Extension initiated and controlled county demonstration test sites
3Number of Certified Crops Advisors credit hours provided
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
1Number of producers who diversified their marketing strategies into local markets (direct, intermediated/food service, institutional).
1Number of new farms (beginning farmers) selling into local markets for local consumption (in this reporting period)
9Number of crop (all plant systems) producers adopting best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Our animal production programs improve production, profitability, and sustainability of the agriculture sector.

Value* Outcome Description
40Number of producers who improve local food marketing skills or knowledge.
45Number of producers who gain skills or knowledge to increase production for local markets.
90Number of animal producers who increased knowledge of farm business management, business planning, financial management, marketing, or estate planning.
28Number of animal producers who learned how to develop a management plan (i.e. grazing plan, feeding plan, drought plan, business plan, disaster plan, etc.)
20Number of producers who increased knowledge of pasture/forage management practices (field improvement, herbicide management, grazing season extension, weed control, forage quality, haylage production, nitrate testing, etc.)
50Number of producers who increased knowledge of nutrition, ration balancing, mineral supplements, breeding, and reproduction
64Number of producers who increased knowledge of the strategies to promote animal health and welfare and reduce the potential for infectious diseases through proper use of vaccines, biosecurity, detection and identification of common diseases, appropriate use of animal medications, and mitigation of antimicrobial resistance transmission
99Number of producers who increased knowledge of animal waste management practices
71Number of animal waste management credits earned through Extension programs
18Number of Extension conducted on-site sludge surveys or equipment calibrations
84Number of producers who increased knowledge of how to prepare, mitigate, and recover from natural disasters impacting animal agriculture
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
8Number of producers who diversified their marketing strategies into local markets (direct, intermediated/food service, institutional).
2Number of new farms (beginning farmers) selling into local markets for local consumption (in this reporting period)
30Number of producers (and other members of the local food supply chain) who have increased revenue
2Number of farms certified as a Certified Safe Farm
2Number of farms that made safety improvements following a CSF on-farm safety review
20Number of participants that have adopted farm safety practices
50Number of farmers, employees or family members adopting regular use of appropriate PPE following AgriSafe or Certified Safe Farm participation
65Number of producers adopting extension-recommended practices related to planning, marketing, and financial management
114Number of producers implementing Extension-recommended best management practices for animal waste management
25500Number of acres where Extension-recommended nutrient applications were used
79Number of producers who adopted Extension-recommended best management practices and production changes related to quality assurance (vaccinations, castration, culling techniques, etc.)
58Number of producers who adopted Extension-recommended best management practices and production changes related to genetic improvement (AI, heifer/bull selection)
54Number of producers who adopted Extension-recommended best management practices and production changes related to nutrition (mineral, feed rations)
84Number of producers who adopted Extension-recommended best management practices and production changes related to internal parasite management (fecals, deworming)
50Number of producers who adopted Extension-recommended best management practices related to pasture management
28Number of producers who adopted Extension-recommended best management practices and production changes related to nutrition, ration balancing, mineral supplement, breeding, and reproduction
106Number of producers using improved biosecurity practices
21Number of waste utilization/waste management plans developed or updated
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Our community development programs build strong and thriving communities.

Our 4-H youth development programs grow the skills young people need to succeed in life and career.

Value* Outcome Description
139Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
70Total number of female participants in STEM program
21Number of high school age youth (students) participating as members of 4-H clubs
94Number of youth increasing knowledge of life skills
47Number of children/youth who improved knowledge of local food and agricultural systems.
78Number of youth increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
40Number of youth demonstrating increased knowledge of natural resources and environmental issues
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
2Number of teachers using 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum in their classrooms
78Number of youth (students) gaining career / employability skills
94Number of youth using effective life skills
8Number of youth willing to participate in conservation actions
45Number of youth increasing their physical activity
20Number of youth volunteers serving in new or expanded roles within Extension
2Number of youth volunteers serving in new or expanded roles beyond Extension, including community boards and task forces
2Number of youth assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Our natural resource and environmental programs conserve our precious natural resources and maintain a clean and healthy environment.

Our food safety and nutrition programs create a safer and more sustainable food supply and improve the health and nutrition of individuals, families, and our communities.

IV. Number of Contacts Made by Extension

Type of ContactNumber
Face-to-face* 8,206
Non face-to-face** 46,449
Total by Extension staff in 2019 54,655
* Face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make directly with individuals through one-on-one visits, meetings, and other activities where staff members work directly with individuals.
** Non face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make indirectly with individuals by telephone, email, newsletters, news articles, radio, television, and other means.

V. Designated Grants Received by Extension

Type of GrantAmount
Contracts/Grants $3,300.00
Gifts/Donations $8,512.06
In-Kind Grants/Donations $250.00
United Way/Foundations $0.00
User Fees $0.00
Total $12,062.06

VI. Volunteer Involvement in Extension Programs

Number of Volunteers* Number of Volunteer Hours Known client contacts by volunteers Dollar Value at 25.43
4-H 14 610 379 $ 15,512.00
Other: Agriculture 18 61 389 $ 1,551.00
Total: 32 671 768 $ 17,064.00
* The number of volunteers reflects the overall number of volunteers for multiple events.

VII. Membership of Advisory Leadership System

Family and Consumer Science
Dawn Kantz
Dennie Smith 
Jeanne Huffman 
Sheila Ward
Teffiney Maready
Debrora Blackwell
Felicia Klingensmith

Jones County Advisory Council
Sam Davis
Kyle Koonce
Herb Griffin
Debara Blackwell
Keith Mills
Kathleen Girelli
Debra Alamanza
Chris Jarman
Jeremy LeRay
Karen Pike
Southeast District- Aquaculture
Ted Davis (Hybrid Striped Bass)
Don Ipock (Prawn)
Pete Anderson, Agribusiness Development & Aquaculture Consultant
Keith Hairr (Hybrid Stripped Bass)
Dr. Ben Reading (Aquaculture Specialist)
Kevin Patterson
Dale Pridgen (Tilapia)
Randy Gray (Tilapia)
David Green, Director of the NCSU Seafood Lab
Christy Potts, Marketing Director
Jad Jabbour (hybrid striped bass),
Commercial Horticulture Committee
Billy McClawhorn
Travis Tyndall
Tim Klauman
Tim McCurry
TC Smith
Gena Moore
4-H Advisory Committee
Charlie Dunn Jr. 
David Moody 
Tamara Jones 
Eileen Dove 
Deborah Alamanza 
Mandy Futch 
Joey Reynolds
4-H County Committee (Youth Committee)
Eddie Almanza 
Anthony Almanza 
Johan Cuzares  
Imani Hargett 
Yesenia Melendez  
Jelani Hargett 
Karly Wynn
Katie Almanza
Julie Cazares
Jordan Melendez
Sage Church
Livestock Committee
Rocky & Amy Coffey
Timmy & Dana Coward
Dietrich Kilpatrick
Connie Carlton
Jennifer Jefferson
Keith Metts

Agriculture Committee
James Lee
Chris Jarman
Randy Riggs
Keith Mills
Phillip Howard
Sarah Arthur
Clifton Brown
Voluntary Agricultural District
Bob Jolly
Alexander Toodle
Golonda Howard
Adam Ross
Barry Jones
Timmy Sanderson
Timmy Haddock
Area Poultry Committee
Amanda Hatcher
Angie Quinn
Billy Houston
Dan Campeau
David Lee
Donald James
Greg Raynor
James Clontz
Jason Wells
Jeff Beavers
Jeff Wilson
Jesse Grimes
Adam Smith
Keith McDonald
Keith Walters
Lauren Greene
Lyn Price
Matt Sessoms
Mitchell Sessoms
Paul Copeland
Phil Bare
Randy Kivett
Richard Goforth
Richard Hall
Rob Dotson
Robin Harrell
Scott Matthis
Scott Prestage
Shannon Jennings
Stefani Sykes
Tim Cleaver
Zac Tarlton

VIII. Staff Membership

Jacob Morgan
Title: County Extension Director - Agriculture - Field Crops
Phone: (252) 448-9621
Email: Jacob_Morgan@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Responsibilities include Corn, Cotton,Peanuts, Sorghum, Soybeans, Tobacco, Wheat, Voluntary Agricultural District Program, and Pesticide Coordinator.

Samantha Bennett
Title: Extension Agent, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (252) 448-9621
Email: sjwiggin@ncsu.edu

Katie Carter
Title: Area Agent, Agriculture - Livestock
Phone: (252) 876-5606
Email: kmcarte4@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Educate and meet community needs of livestock, forages, and waste management.

Candice Christian
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Consumer and Retail Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9148
Email: cadescha@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: The overall goal of the Area Specialized Agents (ASAs) in Consumer & Retail Food Safety is to provide North Carolinians with technical food safety information and to support Family and Consumer Sciences agents in delivering timely and evidence-based food safety education and information to stakeholders.

Mike Frinsko
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Aquaculture
Phone: (252) 448-9621
Email: mofrinsk@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provide technical training and assistance to commercial aquaculture producers in the Southeast Extension District

Regina Gardner
Title: County Extension Administrative Assistant
Phone: (252) 448-9621
Email: regina_gardner@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Office Support for CED/Administration, Family & Consumer Sciences, 4-H Youth Development, Agriculture, Commercial Horticulture, Commercial Aquaculture, Computer Contact

Marissa Herchler
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Animal Food Safety (FSMA Programs)
Phone: (919) 515-5396
Email: marissa_herchler@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marissa is an Area Specialized Agent for animal food safety, with emphasis on the new Food Safety Modernization Act rules, as they apply to feed mills in North Carolina. Please contact Marissa with any FSMA related questions, or PCQI training inquiries.

Lynette Johnston
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-0303
Email: lynette_johnston@ncsu.edu

Colby Lambert
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Forestry
Phone: (910) 814-6041
Email: colby_lambert@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides educational opportunities and technical support to forest landowners, agents, and forest industry in eastern North Carolina.

Danny Lauderdale
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Ornamental Nursery and Greenhouse, Eastern Region
Phone: (252) 237-0111
Email: danny_lauderdale@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides programming to commercial ornamental nursery and greenhouse producers in eastern North Carolina.

Lori McBryde
Title: Area 4-H Agent, East Region
Phone: (919) 989-5380
Email: lori_mcbryde@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provide support the Eastern 34 Counties of the Northeast and Southeast Districts in 4-H Youth Development.

Diana Rashash
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Water Quality/Waste Management
Phone: (910) 455-5873
Email: diana_rashash@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Water and wastewater issues of all types: stormwater, aquatic weed ID & control, water quality & quantity, septic systems, animal waste, land application of wastewater, environment & sustainability, climate, etc.

Lisa Rayburn
Title: Area Agent, Agriculture - Commercial Horticulture
Phone: (910) 455-5873
Email: lisa_rayburn@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Serving Onslow, Jones, Lenoir and Craven counties

Margaret Ross
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Poultry
Phone: (252) 670-8254
Email: margaret_ross@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Working with commercial poultry producers to assist in writing nutrient management plans and conducting educational programming.

Chip Simmons
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Food Safety
Phone: (919) 414-5632
Email: odsimmon@ncsu.edu

Alyssa Spence
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agromedicine, Farm Health & Safety
Phone: (252) 527-2191
Email: arramsey@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: I work with the NCSU Applied Ecology-Toxicology & Agromedicine Department to serve the18 counties in the Southeast District, providing health/safety resources and programming to field agents in this area.

Wesley Stallings
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture- Grain Crops
Phone: (910) 455-5873
Email: wcstalli@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Agriculture-Grain Crops

Allan Thornton
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Commercial Vegetables and Fruits
Phone: (910) 592-7161
Email: allan_thornton@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Vegetable Extension Specialist. Conducts Extension and applied research programs for commercial vegetable and fruit growers and agents in eastern North Carolina.

Scott Tilley
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Grain
Phone: (252) 793-4428
Email: scott_tilley@ncsu.edu

Sarah Ware
Title: Area Agent, Family and Consumer Sciences
Phone: (252) 448-9621
Email: seware@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: I deliver evidence-based programming in nutrition, health, food safety, food preservation, and local foods, as well as housing, parenting, family resource management, human development, and aging.

Mitch Woodward
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Watersheds and Water Quality
Phone: (919) 414-3873
Email: mdwoodwa@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: NC Cooperative Extension's Goals include: - NC's natural resources and environmental quality will be protected, conserved and enhanced. - NC will have profitable, environmentally sustainable plant, animal and food systems. Protecting our environmental resources, particularly drinking water quality, is a top priority in NC. NC Cooperative Extension is a leader in teaching, researching, and accelerating the adoption of effective water quality protection practices.

IX. Contact Information

Jones County Center
367-A NC Highway 58 S
Trenton, NC 28585

Phone: (252) 448-9621
Fax: (252) 448-1243
URL: http://jones.ces.ncsu.edu