2018 Jones County Program Impact Report

Approved: January 31, 2019

I. Executive Summary

During 2018 Jones County Cooperative Extension focused on Profitable and Sustainable Agriculture Systems, School to Career (Youth and Adults), Safety and Security of our Food and Farm Systems, Healthy Eating, Physical Activity and Chronic Disease Risk Reduction, Local Food Systems, Community Development, and Leadership Development. These areas of focus were identified by the Jones County Advisory Council, Specialized Committee input, expressed needs of citizens, and needs identified by County Government. The programs below are just highlights of the many educational programs provided by North Carolina Cooperative Extension - Jones County Center during this twelve-month period.

Profitable and Sustainable Agriculture Systems allowed agents to work with traditional crops such as grains and tobacco. In each of these crops there are normal problems with disease, climate and weed control. This year our Ag Agent worked with a new cotton farmer on general production and scouting for issues. This information saved the farmer over $15,000. The agent also facilitated a site for the Large On-Farm Cotton Variety Trial, including a field day for surrounding growers and agribusiness. Last year 48 Pesticide Applicators were able to be recertified through the efforts of Cooperative Extension. In 2018, the Eastern Area Specialized Poultry agent wrote 17 litter management plans for poultry producers. Litter management plans can cost producers up to $2,500 each when written by a private company, meaning Cooperative Extension potentially saved producers $42,500 by writing these plans for them free of charge. Agents can also write composting permits which can cost up to $450 per plan when written by a private company. Also in 2018, the poultry ASAs teamed up to once again host the annual commercial poultry grower meetings across the state where they are able to provide updates on commercial poultry industry topics that will help the producers make their farms more efficient, sustainable, and profitable. The agent also worked with youth to promote agricultural awareness and improve the poultry industry through events such as the state FFA poultry judging competition by helping a local high school FFA chapter prepare a team to compete. The agent also worked with the Regional Chicken Project where youth are able to raise their chickens, learn how to care for them responsibly, learn money management skills, then show their chicken at the regional show. The following day, an annual poultry processing demonstration is organized for folks who are interested in learning how to humanely and safely process their own chickens. The poultry ASA is also working with a group who is conducting a survey to see if there is a need for a small-scale poultry processing plant in eastern North Carolina, so small poultry producers would have a facility to safely and humanely process their birds in the region.
The Jones County office also held two Animal Waste Applicator trainings allowing 35 license holders to obtain their continuing education credits. Pasture management and forage production was the main focus in 2018 helping reduce feeding cost for livestock and limiting nutrient loss.

Local foods/Safety and Security of our Foods and Farm Systems continued the work of increasing fruit and vegetable production in Eastern NC. The Area Horticulture Agent provided many regional training opportunities for growers across the state. Some of which included, Food Safety Modernization Act training to reduce food borne illness, and Alfalfa rotational field day. He also worked with small and large growers to identify limits to production including disease, insect, nutrient, and cultural practices.

Work continues in the area of healthy eating, physical activity, and Chronic disease risk reduction. Steps to Health programs were conducted at all three senior sites as well as two child care centers. These programs stress the importance of eating healthy by increasing fruits and vegetables, budget planning, and staying physically active. Med Instead of Meds, a six week program that incorporates the basics of healthy eating that are traditionally practiced in countries that border the Mediterranean sea, was also offered to the community. Eating the Med Way has been proven to protect against chronic diseases. Classes included instruction and hands-on cooking. Food demos that promoted healthy eating on a budget was also conducted at 2 local food pantries. Regular presentations are conducted monthly with three senior centers.

In September, Hurricane Florence devastated North Carolina, with our hometown and county being ground zero. 35% of our county’s population was displaced from their homes for a minimum of 3-4 weeks with 20% still homeless. Agriculture is the only economic driver in our county. Not only did Hurricane Florence take personal possessions, but she also destroyed our livelihoods leaving the county with 75% crop loss across the board and millions of dollars in loss of livestock. The last three and a half months of 2018 Cooperative Extension assisted with hurricane relief and disaster assistance. With over 90 applications filled out for the N.C. Ag. Disaster Recovery program in the county, 35% of which Cooperative Extension personally helped the farmers submit. Food safety and other health issues were also crucial to help with the recovery process.

“Learn by Doing” is not just the 4-H slogan, but the way the youth across Jones County have been engaged during the school year and the summer. Jones County Cooperative Extension staff partnered with local classroom teachers to offer a number of school enrichment curriculum including, Health Rocks, Embryology, and Steps to Health (Nutrition) to assist with reaching health and science standards during 2017. Local eighth grade students also received hands on job training through the job shadowing partnership with Jones Middle School. Agents along-side instructors from Lenoir Community College, hosted a STEM day for youth grades 4-6, where they completed STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) learning opportunities including: parts of a corn plant, making plastics from corn oil,

Not only have youth “learned by doing” in the traditional classroom, Jones County 4-H hosted various workshops and volunteer opportunities during 2018. Youth also met with local and state government officials, providing 4-H updates at their meetings and one on one interviews to share concerns of youth in Jones County. 4-H youth, learned compassion for others through monthly visits at a local nursing home and meal prep at a local church. These skills and experiences are enabling Jones County youth to become the leaders of tomorrow within their community.

The Jones County Cooperative Extension Staff realized many successes in their programming efforts by reaching 29,120 persons through educational programs and non face-to-face contacts including newsletters, phone calls, and emails. All of these programs would not have been possible without the support of Jones County Government, the Jones County Extension Advisory Leadership Council and the many collaborators with whom Cooperative Extension works. The Jones County Cooperative Extension Staff is committed to addressing relevant programming issues that affect the lives of its citizens in the coming year. Our goal is to continue our efforts of empowering people and providing solutions.

II. County Background

Jones County is located in southeastern NC, two hours from the capital city of Raleigh and 30 to 45 minutes from the Crystal Coast. Jones County is still a largely rural farming community despite the surrounding counties development. In 2000, Jones County boasted a population of 10,318 however by 2010 the population had decreased to 10,153. Jones County is bordered by Craven, Carteret, Duplin, Onslow and Lenoir Counties, most of which are experiencing population growth associated with the nearby Military bases. Jones County's largest employers are county government and the school system. There are few industries in the county however a big push has been made toward attracting companies to the county. All the major highways in the county lead to the coast therefore, Jones County is a thoroughfare for beach traffic with not many attractions to entice tourists to stop. Jones County is home to Brock's Mill which was built in the late 1700's and has served as a source of electricity, lumber mill and a gristmill for the county. This attraction was turned over to the county in 2013 and Extension has been asked to take the lead in its maintenance and transformation into a viable county tourist attraction. The NCSU School of Design has developed a conceptual design for the property which will serve as a template for applying for grants to enhance this historic landmark. A board has also been established to assist in fundraising and educational efforts. 

In 2017 the eighth annual Jones County Heritage Festival was held. The festival was created by a group led by NC Cooperative Extension Service - Jones County Center. This signature festival showcases the rich agricultural history of the county and it also provides a venue for county non-profit organizations to raise funds for their individual causes. In 2017 the event brought 3000 people into the county to contribute to the local economy. 

In 2016 Jones County's agricultural cash receipts total $113,240,061. In 2012 there were a total of 170 farms with an average size of 349 acres. Eighty-seven percent of these were family owned and the tobacco dependency rating was high. Jones county's traditional crops consist of cotton, tobacco, soybeans, corn, and wheat. Even though these are the primary crops, there is always a push for product development or alternative crops such as aquaculture or commercial horticulture. 

Jones County has an established Voluntary Agricultural District Program and a Farm and Forest Land Protection Plan. Jones County Commissioners asked Extension to take the lead on both of these projects. The plan is to use these two tools to assist Jones County in planned growth that will allow it to grow and develop while protecting the current and future agriculture resources. 

In 2016 approximately 18.9 percent of the population was between birth to 18 years old. Of the total population, 81.5 percent have a high school diploma and only 14 percent have a bachelor's degree or higher as compared to NC, 86.3% and 29% respectively. Jones County houses a branch of Lenoir Community College that offers core courses and 2 year degrees. Many youth who leave the county to engage in post high school studies do not return because there are few job opportunities for them to return to. Jones County 4-H answers this need by providing kits and training for teachers in grades 2 - 6 for subjects such as electricity, soil science, embryology, and poultry projects. 

In Jones County, the median household income in 2016 was $34,080 (state median household income $48,256) while the per capita income was $20,348 (the state per capita income was $26,779). In 2010 the overall poverty rate for families in Jones County was 21.5 percent (15.4 percent for NC). Jones County, with 23 percent of the population over 65 (the state average being 15.5 percent). Family and Consumer science targets this higher population with two main needs, food safety and healthy food choices, by providing education aimed at this target audience's needs. 

The Jones County Extension Advisory Council met and determined that the focus of Jones County's Extension Educational programming should continue to be focused on: 

1. Profitable and Sustainable Plant Production Systems 
2. Profitable and Sustainable Animal Production Systems
3. School to Career 
4. Leadership Development 
5. Local Foods 
6. Safety and Security of our Food and Farm Systems 
7. Healthy Eating, Physical Activity, and Chronic Disease

III. Objectives to Address the Cooperative Extension Long Range Plan

North Carolina's plant production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.

Value* Outcome Description
262Number of crop (all plant systems) producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
2Number of Extension initiated and controlled County demonstration test sites (new required for GLF/PSI reporting)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
66Number of crop (all plant systems) producers adopting best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
630000Net income gains realized by the adoption of best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
78Number of producers reporting increased dollar returns per acre or reduced costs per acre
1550Number of acres in conservation tillage or other Best Management Practice
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

North Carolina's animal production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.

Value* Outcome Description
1133Number of animal producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
125Number of animal producers adopting Extension-recommended best management practices, including those practices related to husbandry, improved planning, marketing, and financial practices
314000Net income gains by producers adopting Extension-recommended best management practices, including those practices related to husbandry, improved planning, marketing, and financial practices
125Number of animal producers implementing Extension-recommended best management practices for animal waste management
310000Tons of livestock organic by-products utilized (nutrients from waste, compost, etc)
850000Net income gain by using livestock organic by-products instead of synthetic fertilizers
260Number of waste management certifications gained or maintained due to Extension education efforts
16000Number of acres where Extension-recommended waste analysis was used for proper land application
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Producers will increase sales of food locally to more agriculturally aware consumers through market development, producer and consumer education, and new farmer and infrastructure support.

Agricultural producers, workers, food handlers and consumers will adopt safer food and agricultural production, handling, and distribution practices that reduce workplace and home injuries/illnesses, enhance food security, and increase the quality and safety of food that North Carolinians prepare and consume.

Individuals and groups will acquire leadership and decision making capacities needed to guide and actively participate in local and state organizations.

Futures that Work: School to Career Pathways

Youth and adult program participants will make healthy food choices, achieve the recommended amount of physical activity and reduce risk factors for chronic diseases.

Value* Impact Description
5Number of adults increasing their fruit and vegetables consumption
28Number of youth increasing their fruit and vegetable consumption
17Number of participants increasing their physical activity
2Number of adults who reduce their blood pressure
1Number of adults who improve their blood glucose (A1c.)level
2Number of adults who reduce their total cholesterol
11Number of participants who consume less sodium in their diet
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

IV. Number of Contacts Made by Extension

Type of ContactNumber
Face-to-face* 7,936
Non face-to-face** 20,335
Total by Extension staff in 2018 28,271
* Face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make directly with individuals through one-on-one visits, meetings, and other activities where staff members work directly with individuals.
** Non face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make indirectly with individuals by telephone, email, newsletters, news articles, radio, television, and other means.

V. Designated Grants Received by Extension

Type of GrantAmount
Contracts/Grants $0.00
Gifts/Donations $750.00
In-Kind Grants/Donations $7,044.23
United Way/Foundations $0.00
User Fees $2,930.00
Total $10,724.23

VI. Volunteer Involvement in Extension Programs

Number of Volunteers* Number of Volunteer Hours Known client contacts by volunteers Dollar Value at 25.43
4-H: 105 271 789 $ 6,892.00
Advisory Leadership System: 3 5 24 $ 127.00
Extension Community Association: 0 0 0 $ 0.00
Extension Master Gardener: 0 0 0 $ 0.00
Other: 4 13 480 $ 331.00
Total: 112 289 1293 $ 7,349.00
* The number of volunteers reflects the overall number of volunteers for multiple events.

VII. Membership of Advisory Leadership System

Family and Consumer Science
Dawn Kantz
Dennie Smith 
Jeanne Huffman 
Sheila Ward
Teffiney Maready
Debrora Blackwell
Felicia Klingensmith

Jones County Advisory Council
Sam Davis
Kyle Koonce
Herb Griffin
Debara Blackwell
Julien Warren
Kathleen Girelli
Debra Alamanza
Chris Jarman
Jeremy LeRay
Karen Pike
Southeast District- Aquaculture
Ted Davis (Hybrid Striped Bass)
Don Ipock (Prawn)
Pete Anderson, Agribusiness Development & Aquaculture Consultant
Keith Hairr (Hybrid Stripped Bass)
Dr. Ben Reading (Aquaculture Specialist)
Kevin Patterson
Dale Pridgen (Tilapia)
Randy Gray (Tilapia)
David Green, Director of the NCSU Seafood Lab
Christy Potts, Marketing Director
Jad Jabbour (hybrid striped bass),
Commercial Horticulture Committee
Billy McClawhorn
Travis Tyndall
Tim Klauman
Tim McCurry
TC Smith
Gena Moore
4-H Advisory Committee
Charlie Dunn Jr. 
David Moody 
Tamara Jones 
Eileen Dove 
Deborah Alamanza 
Mandy Futch 
Joey Reynolds
4-H County Committee (Youth Committee)
Eddie Almanza 
Anthony Almanza 
Johan Cuzares  
Imani Hargett 
Yesenia Melendez  
Jelani Hargett 
Karly Wynn
Katie Almanza
Julie Cazares
Jordan Melendez
Sage Church
Livestock Committee
Rocky & Amy Coffey
Timmy & Dana Coward
Dietrich Kilpatrick
Connie Carlton
Jennifer Jefferson
Keith Metts

Agriculture Committee
James Lee
Chris Jarman
Randy Riggs
Keith Mills
Phillip Howard
Sarah Arthur
Clifton Brown
Voluntary Agricultural District
Bob Jolly
Alexander Toodle
Golonda Howard
Adam Ross
Barry Jones
Timmy Sanderson
Timmy Haddock
Area Poultry Committee
Amanda Hatcher
Angie Quinn
Billy Houston
Dan Campeau
David Lee
Donald James
Greg Raynor
James Clontz
Jason Wells
Jeff Beavers
Jeff Wilson
Jesse Grimes
Adam Smith
Keith McDonald
Keith Walters
Lauren Greene
Lyn Price
Matt Sessoms
Mitchell Sessoms
Paul Copeland
Phil Bare
Randy Kivett
Richard Goforth
Richard Hall
Rob Dotson
Robin Harrell
Scott Matthis
Scott Prestage
Shannon Jennings
Stefani Sykes
Tim Cleaver
Zac Tarlton

VIII. Staff Membership

Jacob Morgan
Title: County Extension Director - Agriculture - Field Crops
Phone: (252) 448-9621
Email: Jacob_Morgan@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Responsibilities include Corn, Cotton,Peanuts, Sorghum, Soybeans, Tobacco, Wheat, Voluntary Agricultural District Program, and Pesticide Coordinator.

Samantha Bennett
Title: Extension Agent, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (252) 448-9621
Email: sjwiggin@ncsu.edu

Katie Carter
Title: Area Agent, Agriculture - Livestock
Phone: (252) 876-5606
Email: kmcarte4@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Educate and meet community needs of livestock, forages, and waste management.

Candice Christian
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Consumer and Retail Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9148
Email: Candice_Christian@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: The overall goal of the Area Specialized Agents (ASAs) in Consumer & Retail Food Safety is to support FCS Agents in delivering timely and evidence-based food safety education and information to stakeholders in North Carolina.

Mike Frinsko
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Aquaculture
Phone: (252) 448-9621
Email: mofrinsk@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provide technical training and assistance to commercial aquaculture producers in the Southeast Extension District

Regina Gardner
Title: County Extension Administrative Assistant
Phone: (252) 448-9621
Email: regina_gardner@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Office Support for CED/Administration, Family & Consumer Sciences, 4-H Youth Development, Agriculture, Commercial Horticulture, Commercial Aquaculture, Computer Contact

Marissa Herchler
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Animal Food Safety (FSMA Programs)
Phone: (919) 515-5396
Email: marissa_herchler@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marissa is an Area Specialized Agent for animal food safety, with emphasis on the new Food Safety Modernization Act rules, as they apply to feed mills in North Carolina. Please contact Marissa with any FSMA related questions, or PCQI training inquiries.

Lynette Johnston
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-0303
Email: lynette_johnston@ncsu.edu

Colby Lambert
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Forestry
Phone: (910) 814-6041
Email: colby_lambert@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides educational opportunities and technical support to forest landowners, agents, and forest industry in eastern North Carolina.

Danny Lauderdale
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Nursery and Greenhouse, Eastern Region
Phone: (252) 237-0111
Email: danny_lauderdale@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides programming to commercial ornamental nursery and greenhouse producers in eastern North Carolina.

Bill Lord
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Water Resources
Phone: (919) 496-3344
Email: william_lord@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Water quality education and technical assistance

Lori McBryde
Title: Area 4-H Agent, East Region
Phone: (919) 989-5380
Email: lori_mcbryde@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provide support the Eastern 34 Counties of the Northeast and Southeast Districts in 4-H Youth Development.

Diana Rashash
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Water Quality/Waste Management
Phone: (910) 455-5873
Email: diana_rashash@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Water and wastewater issues of all types: stormwater, aquatic weed ID & control, water quality & quantity, septic systems, animal waste, land application of wastewater, environment & sustainability, climate, etc.

Lisa Rayburn
Title: Area Agent, Agriculture - Commercial Horticulture
Phone: (910) 455-5873
Email: lisa_rayburn@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Serving Onslow, Jones, Lenoir and Craven counties

Margaret Ross
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Poultry
Phone: (252) 670-8254
Email: margaret_ross@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Working with commercial poultry producers to assist in writing nutrient management plans and conducting educational programming.

Chip Simmons
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Food Safety
Phone: (919) 414-5632
Email: odsimmon@ncsu.edu

Alyssa Spence
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agromedicine, Farm Health & Safety
Phone: (252) 527-2191
Email: arramsey@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: I work with the NCSU Applied Ecology-Toxicology & Agromedicine Department to serve the18 counties in the Southeast District, providing health/safety resources and programming to field agents in this area.

Wesley Stallings
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture- Grain Crops
Phone: (910) 455-5873
Email: wcstalli@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Agriculture-Grain Crops

Allan Thornton
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Commercial Vegetables and Fruits
Phone: (910) 592-7161
Email: allan_thornton@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Vegetable Extension Specialist. Conducts Extension and applied research programs for commercial vegetable and fruit growers and agents in eastern North Carolina.

Scott Tilley
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Grain
Phone: (252) 793-4428
Email: scott_tilley@ncsu.edu

Sarah Ware
Title: Extension Agent, Family and Consumer Sciences
Phone: (252) 448-9621
Email: seware@ncsu.edu

Mitch Woodward
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Watersheds and Water Quality
Phone: (919) 250-1112
Email: mdwoodwa@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: NC Cooperative Extension's Goals include: - NC's natural resources and environmental quality will be protected, conserved and enhanced. - NC will have profitable, environmentally sustainable plant, animal and food systems. Protecting our environmental resources, particularly drinking water quality, is a top priority in NC. NC Cooperative Extension is a leader in teaching, researching, and accelerating the adoption of effective water quality protection practices.

IX. Contact Information

Jones County Center
367-A NC Highway 58 S
Trenton, NC 28585

Phone: (252) 448-9621
Fax: (252) 448-1243
URL: http://jones.ces.ncsu.edu