2017 Lee County Program Impact Report

Approved: January 23, 2018

I. Executive Summary

Overview:

N.C. Cooperative Extension in Lee County has had a productive 2017. We added three new team members, one full-time Family and Consumer Sciences Agent and two grant-funded positions through a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and North Carolina State University funding collaboration. Below is a summary of the successes and impacts that took place during 2017.

4-H Youth Development Overview and Impacts:

The emphasis in the 4-H Program was placed on reaching students through STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) based programs including embryology, natural, animal and laboratory sciences as well as through Summer STEM activities. According to surveys, approximately 418 students increased their knowledge, interest and had positive experiences in multiple areas related to STEM and other life sciences. Leadership development was another major focus of the 4-H program in Lee County. Leadership was fostered primarily in 4-H members through their club involvement and roles as officers in these clubs. Over 200 4-H members and county youth also participated in public speaking presentations, 4-H State Congress, 4-H Citizenship Focus, Winter Enrichment, Teen Retreat, Character Plus program, and Lee County Young Commissioners.

Food, Nutrition, and Healthy Lifestyle Programming Impacts:

This was the first year Lee County had a full-time Family and Consumer Science Agent as well as two grant-funded positions focusing on food, nutrition and healthy lifestyles. As a result of Extension programming in 2017, 74 adults increased their fruit and vegetable consumption with 90 youth reporting their consumption had also increased. A total of 87 individuals agreed they had increased their overall level of physical activity. Two “Safe Plates” food safety classes were also offered in Lee County, the first time this class has been offered here with a total of 20 participants receiving their certification. Through the Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program, an additional 43 individuals were trained in safe home food handling, preservation, and preparation practices.

Livestock Program Impacts:

Through livestock association meetings and certification trainings, livestock programming reached a total of 361 participants in 2017. Through these meetings, training was offered on a variety of best management practices. Topics included disease and pest management practices, proper forage selection, and proper chemical use. It was estimated that $140,000 in net income gains were realized through producers adopting best management practices for their livestock.

Field Crops and Horticulture Program Impacts:

During 2017, 831 producers and homeowners benefited from Cooperative Extension in Lee County through education, certification trainings, technical assistance, and individual site visits. Based on the information they received and the incorporation of recommended practices, clients have indicated several behaviors changes they plan to adopt or utilize more often due to knowledge gain. Net income gains realized by the adoption of best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing are estimated to reach $180,000.

Cost Value Summary for Lee County Agriculture in 2017:

Net income gains realized by the adoption of best management practices- $180,000

Net income gain by using livestock organic by-products instead of synthetic fertilizers- $140,000

Number of acres in conservation tillage or other Best Management Practice- 12,000

Tons of livestock organic by-products utilized (nutrients from waste, compost, etc)- 2,000

Number of animal producers implementing Extension-recommended best management practices for animal waste management- 25

II. County Background

Lee County, located in the geographic center of the state, was formed in 1907 from parts of Moore and Chatham counties as the 98th county in North Carolina and was named for General Robert E. Lee. The city of Sanford is the county seat. Broadway is another municipality in the county. Lee County has 164,700 acres or 256.76 sq. miles in land and 2.44 square miles in water for a total of 259.2 square miles.

Lee County had an estimated population of 59,660 in 2015. The median household income was $45,608 with a per capita income of $21,743 in 2015. The poverty rate is 17.1%. In 2015 Lee County population categorized as 58.2% white, black (not Hispanic or Latino) 20.2% and Hispanic 19.4%. A diverse mixture of industrial manufacturing, retail sales, agriculture, and agribusiness result in a strong and stable economy. Major industries include cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, automotive components, furniture manufacturing, food processing, brick manufacturing, textiles, recycling industries, and electronic components manufacturing. Almost 38% of our county work force is employed in the manufacturing sector, 24% in the service industry, 14% in retail and wholesale trade, and 12% in government. The agriculture and agri-business sector employs 12%.

We have two traditional high schools, and one Early College, seven elementary schools, three middle schools, as well as one alternative and one exceptional school. The public schools are currently serving over 10,000 students from pre-kindergarten to high school in 2016.

In 2012 Agriculture and Agri-business brought in $235 million to Lee County. Poultry and flue-cured tobacco are the major income producers for farmers. With over 63% of the land in the county classified as forestland, this industry generated over 20 million dollars for our landowners. The average age of our farmers is 56. The total number of farms in Lee County is 246 with over 36,081 acres in production. The average farm size is 159 acres.

Health and wellness issues are plaguing our county. Obesity trends show that over 40% of Lee county residents are considered overweight or obese. Obesity may increase the chance of developing costly chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes, certain cancers, heart disease, and stroke. Cooperative Extension Family and Consumer Science Agent led nutrition education and healthy lifestyle programming and Expanded Foods and Nutrition Education Programming (EFNEP) can help address these issues.

Lee County has an active Advisory Council and program committees. The Council meets quarterly and has been kept informed of the North Carolina Cooperative Extension's strategic plan. The Advisory Council supports the staff working in the areas of profitable and sustainable agriculture, leadership development, workforce preparedness, and food, nutrition, and health. Suggestions were also made to work with local farmers on emerging alternative crops, and marketing and financing production for agriculture. The Lee County staff is committed to providing responsive and relevant programs and will continue to partner with other county agencies to address issues in these areas.

III. Objectives to Address the Cooperative Extension Long Range Plan

North Carolina's plant production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.

Value* Outcome Description
841Number of crop (all plant systems) producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
3Number of Extension initiated and controlled County demonstration test sites (new required for GLF/PSI reporting)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
60Number of crop (all plant systems) producers adopting best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
180018Net income gains realized by the adoption of best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
21Number of producers reporting increased dollar returns per acre or reduced costs per acre
9Number of producers reporting reduction in fertilizer used per acre
12004Number of acres in conservation tillage or other Best Management Practice
9777Tons of feedstock delivered to processor
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

North Carolina's animal production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.

Value* Outcome Description
361Number of animal producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
40Number of animal producers adopting Extension-recommended best management practices, including those practices related to husbandry, improved planning, marketing, and financial practices
25Number of animal producers implementing Extension-recommended best management practices for animal waste management
2000Tons of livestock organic by-products utilized (nutrients from waste, compost, etc)
140000Net income gain by using livestock organic by-products instead of synthetic fertilizers
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Agricultural producers, workers, food handlers and consumers will adopt safer food and agricultural production, handling, and distribution practices that reduce workplace and home injuries/illnesses, enhance food security, and increase the quality and safety of food that North Carolinians prepare and consume.

Value* Outcome Description
20Number of food service employees receiving ServSafe certification
43Number of participants trained in safe home food handling, preservation, or preparation practices
61TOTAL number of food handlers receiving food safety training and education in safe food handling practices (new required data for federal reporting)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
22Number of participants implementing ServSafe
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Individuals and groups will acquire leadership and decision making capacities needed to guide and actively participate in local and state organizations.

Value* Outcome Description
218Number of youth increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
218Number of youth assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
218Number of youth increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
218Number of youth assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Futures that Work: School to Career Pathways

Value* Outcome Description
26Number of teachers trained in 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum
418Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
226Total number of female participants in STEM program
96Number of high school age youth (students) participating as members of 4-H clubs
218Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge of career/employability skills
218Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge of entrepreneurship
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
18Number of teachers using 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum in their classrooms
418Number of youth (students) gaining knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
218Number of youth (students) gaining career / employability skills
218Number of youth (students) gaining entrepreneurship skills
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Consumers and communities will enhance the value of plants, animals, and landscapes while conserving valuable natural resources and protecting the environment.

Value* Outcome Description
1422Number of participants improving knowledge, attitude, skills and aspirations regarding gardening and landscape practices including plant selection and placement, turfgrass management, soil management, growing food, water conservation and water quality preservation, storm water and erosion management, green waste management, pest and wildlife management
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
375Number of participants who use extension-recommended best management practices in landscapes, turf, and gardens, including pest (insect, weed, disease) management, fertility management, water conservation, water quality preservation and pruning techniques
12700Total cost savings from the use of extension-recommended best management practices in landscapes, turf, and gardens, including pest (insect, weed, disease) management, fertility management, water conservation, water quality preservation and pruning techniques
112Number of participants who use extension-recommended pest management practices in homes, public facilities, businesses or in community pest management programs
1010Cost savings from using extension-recommended pest management practices in homes, public facilities, businesses or in community pest management programs
35Number of participants selecting appropriate landscape plants (adapted, drought tolerant, appropriate size, etc.)
1050Cost savings from the appropriate selection of landscape plants
150Number of participants growing food for home consumption
22200Value of produce grown for home consumption
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Youth and adult program participants will make healthy food choices, achieve the recommended amount of physical activity and reduce risk factors for chronic diseases.

Value* Impact Description
74Number of adults increasing their fruit and vegetables consumption
90Number of youth increasing their fruit and vegetable consumption
87Number of participants increasing their physical activity
1Number of adults who reduce their total cholesterol
11Number of participants who consume less sodium in their diet
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

IV. Number of Contacts Made by Extension

Type of ContactNumber
Face-to-face* 7,395
Non face-to-face** 11,789
Total by Extension staff in 2017 19,184
* Face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make directly with individuals through one-on-one visits, meetings, and other activities where staff members work directly with individuals.
** Non face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make indirectly with individuals by telephone, email, newsletters, news articles, radio, television, and other means.

V. Designated Grants Received by Extension

Type of GrantAmount
Contracts/Grants $33,815.09
Gifts/Donations $12,741.90
In-Kind Grants/Donations $1,581.60
United Way/Foundations $3,113.00
User Fees $0.00
Total $51,251.59

VI. Volunteer Involvement in Extension Programs

Number of Volunteers* Number of Volunteer Hours Known client contacts by volunteers Dollar Value at 24.69
4-H: 367 1,224 1,108 $ 30,221.00
Advisory Leadership System: 34 68 39 $ 1,679.00
Extension Community Association: 21 1,204 4,427 $ 29,727.00
Extension Master Gardener: 0 0 0 $ 0.00
Other: 26 84 410 $ 2,074.00
Total: 448 2580 5984 $ 63,700.00
* The number of volunteers reflects the overall number of volunteers for multiple events.

VII. Membership of Advisory Leadership System

Advisory Council
Jim Foster
Sylvia Churchwell
Alan Cox
John Cameron
Nancy Gust
Avron Upchurch
Wayne Watson
Grace Lawrence
Mark Luellen
Bernie Smith
Amy Dalrymple
Carrie Womack
Mildred Smith
Susan Alexander
Josh Mays
Crystal McIver
Ryan Faulk
Gary Hart
Agricultural Advisory Board
AK Griffin
Cecil Cameron
Donald Nicholson
George Gilliam
Molly Whitaker
Tom Haislip
Wayne Watson



Forestry Program Advisory Committee
Mark Luellen
Jeremy Isom
Bud Taylor
Charles Oldham
Martha Oldham
4-H Program Advisory Committee
Peggy Mann
Carole Stevens
Mary Hawley Oates
Larry Aiken
David Caplan
Patrick Kelly
Heather Little
Patt Lykes
Chris Kelly
Kristie Airey
Master Gardener Volunteer Advisory Committee
Pat Banville
Avron Upchurch
Ann Kightlinger
Anna Culler
Yvonne Bullard
Georgianna Kiggins
Donna Frangipane
4-H Volunteer Leaders Advisory Committee
Brandon Steger
Regina Fox
Myrna Rodriguez
Pam Kerley
Tammy Steger
Petra Wooten

ECA Leadership Team
Mildred Smith
Roland Armstrong
Sharon Raschke
Georgia Garner
Edna Foushee
Sylvia Churchwell
Gladys Noel
Valerie Johnson
Lois Lamparter
Paula Gloeckler
Peggy Abshear
Rosemary Gregurich
Sondra Burford
Irene Smith
Carol Cox

VIII. Staff Membership

Bill Stone
Title: County Extension Director, Lee and Interim County Extension Director, Harnett
Phone: (919) 775-5624
Email: bill_stone@ncsu.edu

Alyssa Anderson
Title: Extension Agent, Family and Consumer Sciences - Nutrition
Phone: (919) 775-5624
Email: alyssa_anderson@ncsu.edu

Minda Daughtry
Title: Extension Agent, Agriculture - Horticulture
Phone: (919) 775-5624
Email: minda_daughtry@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Commercial Horticulture: Small Fruits, Tree Fruits, Vegetables Consumer Horticulture Community Gardening Master Gardener Volunteers

Marti Day
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Dairy
Phone: (919) 542-8202
Email: marti_day@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Responsible for educational programs for dairy farmers, youth with an interest in dairy projects and the general public with an interest in dairy foods and the dairy industry.

Manny Espinoza
Title: EFNEP Educator, Extension Program Assistant - EFNEP
Phone: (919) 775-5624
Email: gmespino@ncsu.edu

Rhonda Gaster
Title: County Extension Administrative Assistant
Phone: (919) 775-5624
Email: rhonda_gaster@ncsu.edu

Richard Goforth
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Poultry
Phone: (704) 283-3801
Email: richard_goforth@ncsu.edu

Marissa Herchler
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Animal Food Safety (FSMA Programs)
Phone: (919) 515-5396
Email: marissa_herchler@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marissa is an Area Specialized Agent for animal food safety, with emphasis on the new Food Safety Modernization Act rules, as they apply to feed mills in North Carolina. Please contact Marissa with any FSMA related questions, or PCQI training inquiries.

Lynette Johnston
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-0303
Email: lynette_johnston@ncsu.edu

Stacey Jones
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Commercial Nursery and Greenhouse
Phone: (704) 920-3310
Email: stacey_jones@ncsu.edu

Pam Kerley
Title: 4-H Program Assistant
Phone: (919) 775-5624
Email: pkerley@ncsu.edu

Colby Lambert
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Forestry
Phone: (910) 814-6041
Email: colby_lambert@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides educational opportunities and technical support to forest landowners, agents, and forest industry in eastern North Carolina.

Bill Lord
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Water Resources
Phone: (919) 496-3344
Email: william_lord@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Water quality education and technical assistance

Chip Simmons
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Food Safety
Phone: (919) 414-5632
Email: odsimmon@ncsu.edu

Debbie Stroud
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Consumer and Retail Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9149
Email: dlstroud@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Area Specialized Agents in Consumer and Retail Food Safety help to ensure that Family and Consumer Sciences (FCS) Agents have access to timely, evidence-based food safety information. This is accomplished by (1) working with FCS Agents in their counties, (2) developing food safety materials and (3) planning and implementing a NC Safe Plates Food Safety Info Center.

Allan Thornton
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Commercial Vegetables and Fruits
Phone: (910) 592-7161
Email: allan_thornton@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Vegetable Extension Specialist. Conducts Extension and applied research programs for commercial vegetable and fruit growers and agents in eastern North Carolina.

Mitch Woodward
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Watersheds and Water Quality
Phone: (919) 250-1112
Email: mdwoodwa@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: NC Cooperative Extension's Goals include: - NC's natural resources and environmental quality will be protected, conserved and enhanced. - NC will have profitable, environmentally sustainable plant, animal and food systems. Protecting our environmental resources, particularly drinking water quality, is a top priority in NC. NC Cooperative Extension is a leader in teaching, researching, and accelerating the adoption of effective water quality protection practices.

IX. Contact Information

Lee County Center
2420 Tramway Rd
Sanford, NC 27332

Phone: (919) 775-5624
Fax: (919) 775-1302
URL: http://lee.ces.ncsu.edu