2018 Lenoir County Plan of Work

Approved: January 30, 2018

I. County Background

Lenoir County, NC is a blend of agriculture and manufacturing. Lenoir County has a population of approximately 58,000. The population make-up includes 55.7% white, 41.3% black and 7.7% Latino. Those over 60, or the senior population are 18.8%. Nearly 30% of the economy of Lenoir County is comes from agribusiness and agriculture production.

In the Lenoir County Plan of Work for 2018, County staff will focus on the following priority issues; Developing life skills in youth, adults and families; Increasing profitable and sustainable agriculture; Conservation of natural resources and energy; Improving the nutritional and economical health of youth and families; and Developing local food systems.

Lenoir County families need to acquire the knowledge, skills and attitudes to adopt nutritionally sound diets, to provide a safe food supply, to make good use of food dollars, and to increase physical activity. Creating an ecologically friendly environment in homes and communities will further contribute to building healthy families. The delivery of parent education programs will equip parents with practical skills in child development. Centering on functional and thriving families as the basis for a strong community makes Cooperative Extension's mission of a healthier and stronger community a reality. Lenoir County CES offers four parent education programs.

Nationwide, child restraints are utilized incorrectly four out of 5 times. Cooperative Extension houses one of two Permanent Checking Stations in Lenoir County. This educates parents and caregivers on the correct selection and installation of their child restraint. Once a month the checking station is open to the public for approximately two hours and the public can also call for appointments.

Farmers will increase their capacity to supply product for local food sales through market planning efforts, producer and consumer education, beginning farmer training programs and local market infrastructure development. Farmers' markets and the Lenoir County Farmers Market businesses continue to increase, as do multiple efforts in providing available local sustainable food and agricultural product. The Local Foods Initiative continues to be a focus.

Animal Waste Operators apply wastewater from animal operations to crops and pastures for adequate utilization of nutrients. In order to preserve the surface water quality, Extension educates these producers in the proper record keeping methods, safety precautions, and calibration procedures that will allow them to operate their system in an efficient manner as well as protect their environment.

Livestock owners are dealing with increased seed, feed, and fertilizer prices and must consistently use innovative marketing strategies and husbandry practices to increase their profits. Extension provides educational opportunities for producers of livestock to increase their awareness of marketing options and enable them to gain and maintain necessary certifications to qualify for suitable markets.

Pesticide Applicators use products that can increase productivity in lawns, turf, and agriculture enterprises. For the safety of the public, consumer, and the applicator himself, these individuals are educated by Extension on safety precautions, application rates, and label restrictions. This training allows Pesticide Applicators to provide a service for themselves or others in a safe manner.

Production agriculture remains extremely important for the financial well-being for the citizens of Lenoir County. Producers, part-time or full time need to move towards marketing product globally using the latest technology, while meeting new compliance regulations. Plans continue to expand membership in the Lenoir County Voluntary Agriculture District Program.

Lenoir County 4-H strives each year to cultivate quality citizens for our community. Through our traditional 4-H programs, 4-H Prevention programming and partnerships we are able to provide in school and out of school opportunities. Innovative programs have been created through school and community partnerships to help youth develop essential leadership, communication and team building skills through interactive learning opportunities. These opportunities are designed to help boost self-confidence and decrease the incidences of bullying, substance abuse and destructive decision making through quality character education programming.

Community gardening provides numerous opportunities to meet the needs of Lenoir County residents. Those seeking to maintain healthy lifestyles, to increase physical activity, to develop gardening skills and to learn how to recycle will benefit from participation in the children’s garden. Hands-on opportunities to meet the desire for information on nutritional foods will be offered. Groups can work towards a common goal, encourage decision-making and problem solving and improve the urban environment and relationships among citizens.

The Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program (EFNEP) will address nutrition and physical activity behaviors of low-income families, particularly those with young children. Through a community-based, relationship-driven, hands-on educational approach, EFNEP has directly impacted economic, obesity, and food insecurity challenges that hinder the health and well-being in Lenoir County.

Former participants, partner agency staff, and others serve important roles with the EFNEP Program in Lenoir County. They reach out to potential program participants, provide opportunities and locations to teach, assist with class management, and facilitate program participation by offering transportation, babysitting, food supplies, and material resources.

II. Objectives to Address the Cooperative Extension Long Range Plan

North Carolina's plant production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.
North Carolina's agricultural crops industry makes major contributions to local communities and the state’s economy. In 2014, the estimated farm gate value of crops was $4.72 billion, placing NC as the 17th largest in the nation. North Carolina is one of the most diversified agriculture states in the nation. The state's 50,200 farmers grow over 80 different commodities, utilizing 8.4 million of the state's 31 million acres to furnish consumers a dependable and affordable supply of food and fiber. Tobacco remains one of the state's most predominant farm commodities. North Carolina produces more tobacco and sweet potatoes than any other state and ranks second in Christmas tree cash receipts. The state also produces a significant amount of cucumbers for pickles, lima beans, turnip greens, collard greens, mustard greens, strawberries, bell peppers, blueberries, chili peppers, fresh market cucumbers, snap beans, cabbage, eggplant, watermelons, pecans, peaches, squash, apples, sweet corn, tomatoes, and grapes. There is continual technological change and the relative profitability of individual farm enterprises changes over time; therefore, farmers must respond by modifying their farming operations. Changes in consumer demand create new opportunities for producers. Growth in alternative forms of agriculture will include, among others, organic and niche market production. Educational and training programs for producers of plant agricultural products and services will enhance their ability to achieve financial and lifestyle goals and to enhance economic development locally, regionally and statewide.
North Carolina's animal production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.
North Carolina's livestock industry makes major contributions to local communities and the state’s economy. In 2014, the estimated farm gate value of livestock, dairy, and poultry was $8.85 billion, placing NC as the 7th largest in the nation. Hogs & pigs have historically been an important part of North Carolina agriculture. The industry has changed dramatically since the 1980s from the small farm raising a few hogs to large confinement type operations. North Carolina's number of cattle & calves on farms has remained relatively stable throughout time. Milk cow inventory and milk production have continued to decline in the state. Unlike other commodities, broiler production in North Carolina is increasing throughout the state. There is continual technological change and the relative profitability of individual farm enterprises changes over time; therefore, farmers must respond by modifying their farming operations. Changes in consumer demand create new opportunities for producers. Growth in alternative forms of agriculture will include, among others, organic, niche market production, and pasture-raised livestock. Educational and training programs for producers of animal agricultural products and services will enhance their ability to achieve financial and lifestyle goals and to enhance economic development locally, regionally and statewide.
Producers will increase sales of food locally to more agriculturally aware consumers through market development, producer and consumer education, and new farmer and infrastructure support.
Farmers will increase their capacity to supply product for local food sales through market planning efforts, producer and consumer education, beginning farmer training programs and local market infrastructure development. The fastest growing area of consumer demand in agriculture continues to be organic. Farmers' markets continue to expand as do multiple efforts in local sustainable agriculture. Nationally, "Buy Local, Buy Fresh" movements have emerged in the face of concerns about the risks involved in long distance transportation of industrialized food production. Increasingly, public officials and business leaders see promotion of local farm products as good public policy and local economic development. Additionally, individuals will learn to supplement their current diet by growing their own fruits and vegetables as individuals or as community groups.
Agricultural producers, workers, food handlers and consumers will adopt safer food and agricultural production, handling, and distribution practices that reduce workplace and home injuries/illnesses, enhance food security, and increase the quality and safety of food that North Carolinians prepare and consume.
Training and educational programs for farmers, agricultural workers, food handlers, and consumers will provide research-based programming, materials, information and expertise to compel these individuals to implement practices relating to the overall safety and security for the food supply and farming systems. Components of this include on-farm, packinghouse, and transportation management, retail and food service establishments, and consumer’s homes. Therefore targeted audiences include farmers and agricultural workers and their families, food handlers and workers (both amateur and commercial), transporters, processors, business operators, food service and retail staff, supervisors of any food facility, long term care facility staff and individuals who purchase, prepare and serve food in their homes. With an estimated 76 million foodborne illnesses annually, costing an estimated $1.4 trillion, food safety highlights a specific area of risk to be addressed by Cooperative Extension. The recent produce-related foodborne illness outbreaks have brought public attention to a problem that has been increasing nationally for the last ten years. The issues of foodborne illness and food safety pose immediate risks for farmers affecting the areas of economics, consumer demand, and market access. Because no processing or kill steps are involved with produce that is typically eaten raw, the best measures to limit microorganisms and fresh produce related illness are to prevent microbes from contaminating the product. Practices like Good Agricultural Practices (GAPs), Good Handling Practices (GHPs), and Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points (HACCP) represent a systematic preventive approach to food safety, protecting agricultural products as they move from farm to retail and restaurants and finally to families. While there is currently no legal requirements for growers to implement GAPs, buyers have responded to the public concern by requiring their produce growers to adhere to current guidelines and possibly even require GAPs certification. The main areas of concern incorporate production, harvesting, packing, and transporting produce in the areas of water quality, manure management, domestic and wildlife management, worker health and hygiene, transportation, traceability, and documentation. For North Carolina growers to be competitive and produce safe product, it is important that they gain knowledge about and implement food safety programs that minimize physical, chemical and biological hazards Food safety risks do not stop at primary production. As risks associated with pathogens can occur at many junctions between primary production and consumption, food safety is a truly farm-to-fork issue. The World Health Organization and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have defined 5 factors that lead to foodborne illness outbreaks: Inadequate cooking or processing procedures; improper storage and holding temperatures, cross-contamination between potentially contaminated raw materials and ready-to-eat foods (either directly or through poor sanitation); and poor implementation of personal hygiene practices. The preventative steps targeting risk reduction taken at each of the components making up the food supply chain are critical in preventing food-borne illness. Educational programs including ServSAFE, School HACCP workshops, food safety at childcare and senior centers, and targeted farm-to-fork food safety inclusion for all food handlers is necessary for important for advances in knowledge and implementation of preventative programs. Equally important is that families and children have a secure food supply. Hunger in American households has risen by 43 percent over the last five years, according to an analysis of US Department of Agriculture (USDA) data released in the report "Household Food Security in the United States, 2004." The analysis, completed by the Center on Hunger and Poverty at Brandeis University, shows that more than 7 million people have joined the ranks of the hungry since 1999. The USDA report says that 38.2 million Americans live in households that suffer directly from hunger and food insecurity, including nearly 14 million children. That figure is up from 31 million Americans in 1999. Limited-resource, socially disadvantaged and food-insecure individuals, families and communities will be provided with information and opportunities to enhance household food, diet and nutritional security. Agriculture is one of the most hazardous industries in the United States, and consistently ranks as the first, second or third most deadly industry along with mining and construction. Agriculture is unique in that the work and home place are often the same, exposing both workers and family members to hazards. In the United States on average each year, there are 700 deaths and 140,000 injuries to those who work in agriculture, defined as farming, forestry and fishing. Farmers, farmworkers and their families are at high risk for fatal and nonfatal injuries (primarily from tractor roll-overs, machinery entanglements, and animal handling incidents), musculo-skeletal conditions, work-related lung diseases, noise-induced hearing loss, heat stress and heat stroke, pesticide exposure and illness, skin diseases, behavioral health issues, and certain cancers associated with chemical use and prolonged sun exposure. The health and safety of migrant and seasonal farmworkers are complicated by other conditions such as infectious disease, hypertension, and diabetes, as well as cultural and language barriers. Farmers and farmworkers alike are subject to lack of access to health care. Agricultural injury and illness are costly, with total US annual costs reaching $4.5 billion and per farm costs equaling $2,500, or 15% of net income. Median health care coverage for farm families is $6,000 per year. In North Carolina, 27% of farm families do not have health insurance, while 29% of farmers do not have health insurance. Many others have health care coverage with high annual deductibles and high premiums. Agromedicine is a comprehensive, collaborative approach involving both agricultural and health scientists to develop solutions addressing the health and safety issues of the agricultural community through research, education and outreach. The North Carolina Agromedicine Institute, a partnership of NC State University, NC A&T State University and East Carolina University in collaboration with others, develops and evaluates effective programs to reduce injury and illness in agriculture, forestry and fishing. One such program is called Certified Safe Farm (CSF) and AgriSafe. CSF and AgriSafe were first developed and researched in Iowa. CSF and AgriSafe are being adapted to North Carolina agriculture by the NC Agromedicine Institute and its Cooperative Extension collaborators. Certified Safe Farm combines AgriSafe health services (wellness and occupational health screenings and personal protection equipment selection and fit services) conducted by trained AgriSafe health providers, on-farm safety reviews conducted by trained Extension agents, and community education and outreach to achieve safety and health goals established by participating farmers and their employees and families. Insurance incentives and safety equipment cost-share programs for participating farmers are still being developed. Other ongoing educational programs addressing agricultural health and safety include farm safety days for children, youth, or families, employee hands-on farm safety training, the National Safe Tractor and Machinery Operation Program for youth, and youth ATV operator safety certification programs.
Individuals and groups will acquire leadership and decision making capacities needed to guide and actively participate in local and state organizations.
Leadership is important to every level of a community sharing in the creation of wealth and well-being. Youth and adult leaders must be capable of motivating groups to achieve common goals that impact North Carolina families and communities.They will need the confidence and skill to guide and support North Carolina community and state organizations. Citizens participating in the 2007 NC Tomorrow survey denoted the importance of leadership by clearly requesting leadership training (54%), social advising, community advising and technical assistance (45%)from their university system.
Youth and adults will address community issues and/or challenges through volunteerism.
Youth and adult volunteers in North Carolina contribute thousands of hours each year to strengthen communities and create strong foundations for the future. As these individuals engage in service, they are gaining new skills, generating new programs to serve their communities, building successful organizations, and fostering an ethic of service. Cooperative Extension is poised to support the development of interpersonal skills, leadership experiences, and content knowledge to ensure that citizens are prepared to engage in meaningful service throughout the lifespan. Current research suggests that youth and adult participation positively impacts civic engagement and contributes to the development of leadership capacities. With its presence in every county, Cooperative Extension is uniquely positioned to contribute to building a stronger ethic of service among youth and adults.
Community members, organizations and local government will engage in collaborative dialog and decision-making to build economically, socially and environmentally resilient communities. This will be done through inclusive engagement, partnership building, and/or community planning.
Throughout North Carolina, communities that come together to collaboratively address issues and/or interests are enhancing the community's quality of life and its economic, social and environmental resiliency. The state's growing population and economy is producing significant changes in its communities and in some cases resulting in the emergence of new communities. The perspectives, capacity and skills of all community members are essential to aligning community decisions and actions with local needs, assets and priorities. NC Cooperative Extension has an important role in engaging and supporting the ongoing work of citizens, organizations, and communities in decision-making, and strategic dialog to influence positive public policy, foster development of partnerships, create empowered communities, be prepared to address the high potential for natural and human-caused disasters.
Parents and caregivers will effectively use recommended parenting, self care practices and community resources.
North Carolina communities are only as strong and viable as the families that reside there. To create and maintain viable communities where children and youth succeed and the elderly are protected and cared for parents and caregivers need knowledge and skills that build their capacity to function effectively and carryout their responsibilities. They need to be equipped to: 1) foster positive parent-child relationships, 2) address anti-social behavior with appropriate disciplinary techniques, 3) implement positive role modeling, child monitoring and supervision strategies and 4) prevent practices that lead to the abuse and neglect of children. State data suggest that strengthening parenting skills could serve as an asset to families and communities. Risk and needs assessment data on 46,041 youth involved in NC courts found that 59% of the youth had problems in school, 40% had relationships with peers associated with gangs and delinquent behavior, 40% had parents who were either unable or unwilling to supervise them, and 68% had parents with either marginal or inadequate supervision skills. A large percentage of NC working families with children under six (63.34%) must rely on child care services. Child care practitioner education and training is key to providing quality childcare. Family members provide care to a rapidly growing aging population that could double, reaching 2.8 million in the next two decades. A majority of elderly North Carolinians suffer from multiple chronic illnesses. Caregiver demands can trigger health problems, financial and emotional stress. Families who provide care and support for elderly family members also need skills to succeed with less stress and financial burden and need to be linked to community resources that provide support for the care and maintenance of elderly family members.
Futures that Work: School to Career Pathways
We are living in a new economy powered by technology, fueled by information and driven by knowledge. Extension programs provide opportunities for youth and adults to improve their level of education and increase their skills that enable them to be competitive in our global society and workforce.
Consumers and communities will enhance the value of plants, animals, and landscapes while conserving valuable natural resources and protecting the environment.
Residential, commercial and public entities will make decisions regarding plant selection, placement and management that will decrease water consumption, preserve and improve water quality, mitigate storm water contaminants, reduce erosion, energy consumption, and greenwaste, expand wildlife habitat, improve real estate value, and improve diet and nutrition of consumers. The horse and "farmer lifestyle" industry will continue to grow and have an increasing impact on North Carolina's economy, while protecting the environment. The NCDA&CS reports that 65,000 horse producers own over 225,000 horses which annually generates over $704 million of gross revenue from training, showing, boarding and breeding establishments in addition to agri-business sales of horse-related products. The total economic impact of the NC green industry is $8.6 billion, involving 151,982 employees, and 120,741 acres of production (Green Industry Council, 2006). North Carolina residential consumers spend $5.9 billion dollars per year on garden and landscape related expenses (Green Industry Council, 2006). For 2007, North Carolina's population is estimated to be 8,968,800 (LINC). The population grew by 1,323,288 (15%), between 1997 and 2007 and it is projected to grow by another 1,330,055 (13%), over the next ten years (LINC). Over 50% of the population now lives in urban areas. Despite evidence of the ecological and financial benefits, environmentally responsible landscaping strategies are not being implemented widely. Renovating a landscape to incorporate water conserving strategies may result in using 36% less water. Urban water run-off accounts for the majority of water pollution, mostly pesticides and fertilizers, that does not come from a specific industrial source. Selection of well-adapted plants, effective pest management, and appropriate care and feeding of plants will greatly reduce dependence on fertilizers and pesticides. Rain water that is not absorbed by the soil becomes erosive storm water runoff, which transports pollutants such as fertilizer, pesticides, sediment, motor oil, litter, and animal waste to local streams and rivers. Landscape designs will include rain gardens and other runoff catchment facilities (underground cisterns, etc.) that are attractive and easy to maintain in residential areas. Homeowners will learn that proper plant selection and placement can reduce winter heating bills by as much as 15% and summer cooling bills by as much as 50 percent, while reducing the need to prune over-sized plants. Wild habitat areas are rapidly being converted into housing and commercial properties, displacing native plants and animals. Choosing native or adapted plants that provide food and shelter creates a haven for butterflies, birds, lizards, and other animals. Edible landscaping can increase the amount and expand the variety of fresh fruits and vegetables consumed.
Youth and adult program participants will make healthy food choices, achieve the recommended amount of physical activity and reduce risk factors for chronic diseases.
Many North Carolinians are affected by chronic disease and conditions that compromise their quality of life and well-being. Heart disease, stroke and cancer continue to be leading causes of death in our state. In addition, obesity and obesity related chronic diseases such as diabetes continue to rise at alarming rates. Healthy eating and physical activity are critical to achieve optimal health. Many North Carolinians have diets that are too high in calories and too low in fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Portion sizes, foods eaten away-from-home and consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages continue to rise. In addition, most North Carolinians do not engage in regular physical activity. The prevalence of overweight and obesity has nearly doubled in the past 10 years. If the trend of overweight is not slowed, it will eliminate the progress we have made in reducing the burden of weigh-related chronic disease. One in every three US children born after 2000 will become diabetic unless many more people start eating less and exercising more. The cost of obesity in North Carolina in health care costs alone is over 2 billion dollars. There are many proposed reasons for the obesity epidemic, however unhealthy eating and physical inactivity are widely recognizes as primary contributors to the problem. Those who make healthy food choices and are physically active are more likely to achieve and maintain a healthy weight as well reduce chronic diseases. Ultimately, this will lead to reduction in health care costs, increased longevity, greater productivity and improved quality of life.

III. Relationship to County Government Objectives

Lenoir County Government does not have an official strategic plan. The Board of Commissioners operate off of a set of goals based annually on established needs. Each year Cooperative Extension has its selected Objectives approved by the Commissioners, or Board Chair and County Manager.

From Approved Lenoir County Budget information:
North Carolina Cooperative Extension is an educational organization whose support base is a partnership between North Carolina State University, the state of North Carolina and Lenoir County Government. Lenoir County Cooperative Extension Staff, with the support of university-based subject-matter specialists, conduct informal educational programs within five major program areas: 1) Sustaining agriculture and forestry, 2) Protecting the environment, 3) Maintaining viable communities, 4) Developing strong, healthy and safe families, and 5) Developing responsible youth.

Strategic priorities and Objectives for 2018 include; improving the profitability and sustainability of Lenoir County’s plant, animal and food systems; increase sales of locally produced food to more agriculturally aware consumers through market development, producer and consumer education, and new farmer and infrastructure support; encourage agricultural producers, workers, food handlers and consumers to adopt safer food and agricultural production, handling, and distribution practices that reduce workplace and home injuries/illnesses; enhance food security and increase the quality and safety of food prepared and consumed by Lenoir County citizens; recommended parenting, self care practices and community resources to parents and caregivers; educate adults and youth to apply financial management practices that will increase their economic security, meet basic necessities, increase savings, reduce debt, and build long-term assets; create workforce ready youth and adults; and educate program participants to make healthy food choices, achieve the recommended amount of physical activity and reduce risk factors for chronic diseases.

Lenoir County Cooperative Extension Staff will work with individuals and groups to acquire and develop leadership, volunteerism and decision-making capacities, and to address community issues and/or challenges.

Lenoir County Cooperative Extension participates in Emergency Preparedness and Response. We have a representative on the County Emergency Response Team and administer the Companion Animal Shelter. We also hold a position on the Unmet Needs Committee following disaster.

IV. Diversity Plan

The Lenoir County Center of NC Cooperative Extension is dedicated to the equality of opportunity and offers equal access in programs and employment. Cooperative Extension does not practice or condone discrimination toward program participants. All reasonable efforts are made to make its program available to all populations by:

- Contacting media outlets that target minorities to seek their assistance in announcing programs and events meeting minorities
- Developing announcements, flyers and posters to be placed in public places frequented by minorities
- Write personal letters to minorities encouraging them to participate
- Make personal contacts with a representative number of minority leaders to encourage increased participation
- Contact community groups for assistance by informing clientele of available programs

Lenoir County Cooperative Extension currently is placing special attention to the inclusion of more diverse audiences in 4-H and Youth Development and Extension and Community Association.

V. Primary Delivery and Evaluation Methods

Delivering timely, relevant educational programs that meet critical local needs is the cornerstone of Extension’s mission. Extension educational programs are designed to equip the citizens of Lenoir County with the knowledge, skills and tools to improve their economic prosperity, environmental stewardship and quality of life. An Extension program delivery system is a planned and organized eclectic mix of educational methods used during an educational program.

Extension educational methods are the specific ways by which research-based information is shared with targeted learners. Extension educators in our county employ a wide variety of hands-on, experiential educational methods, such as interactive workshops and classes, demonstrations, field days and tours, that allow learners to fully engage in the learning process, test new knowledge and/or practice new skills during the educational session. Equally important, this plan will also include educational methods such as seminars, client visits, fact sheets, newsletters, and homework that serve to support and reinforce learning as well as provide motivation for continued learning.

Armed with the most current literature on effective teaching and learning, Extension educators also skillfully select educational methods based on the learning style preferences and special needs of the targeted learners. These client-focused methods afford learners the opportunity to gain the necessary knowledge and skills to change their lives in meaningful ways. Another key feature of Extension program delivery that is evident in this plan is our commitment to being customer driven and customer focused. As such, in addition to the County Extension Center, Extension educational programs are delivered online, in community centers, on farms, and other locations in order for our programs to be available and accessible to, and fully utilized by, the citizens of Lenoir County.

Cooperative Extension, defines success as the extent to which our educational programs have made a difference in the lives of the citizens of Lenoir County. Evaluation methods are the way we make those observations about first and foremost whether any changes occurred as a result our educational programs, and subsequently the significance of those changes. As an educational organization, the changes we seek focus on key outcomes such as the knowledge and skills participants gain from our programs. More specifically, in this plan, we are using quantitative research methods such as retrospective testing, pre- and post-tests and/or surveys to measure change in knowledge gained, the application of that knowledge, number of new skills developed, and types of new skills developed. Extension, as a results-oriented organization, is committed to also assessing the social, economic and/or environmental impact that our programs have on the individuals who participate, their families and communities and ultimately the county as a whole (i.e. true significance of the changes stemming from our programs). We plan to measure these impacts in both the long and short-term. Another value held in Extension is actively listening to and dialoguing with targeted learners. Therefore, this plan also includes qualitative evaluation methods such as testimonials from program participants, and interviews and focus groups with participants.

VI. Membership of Advisory Leadership System

Lenoir County Cooperative Extension Advisory Council
Anne Gaddis
Alton Roberson
Linda Sutton
Claude Davis
Gary Byrd
Tommy Hardy
E.D. Robinson
Warren Hardy
Curtis Smith
John Mohrfeld
Dr Randy Jones
Robert Jones
Amy Moye
Steve Porter
Caroline Edwards
Joel Dixon
Sue Johnson
Jill Croom
Jan Barwick
Pat Bizzell
George Ormond
Don Baker
Bob Gaddis
Lenoir County Cooperative Extension Livestock and Forages Specialized Committee
John Mohrfeld
Preston Sutton
Hope Davis
Ken Rouse
Dr. Randy Jones
Lenoir County 4-H Adult Leaders Advisory Council
Gloria Wiggins treasurer 
Kelly Tyndall
Ann Tyndall
Brenda Foss
Dian Pike
Susan Lacoco
Hope Davis
A.G. Smith
Chad Bullock
Lenoir County 4-H Advisory Council
Steve Roman
Karyl Willis
Velvet Tyndall
Mac Daughety
Linda Rouse Sutton
Carla Wetherington
Samantha Wiggins
Nicole Sugg
David Mooring
Becky Hines
Lenoir County 4-H Youth Advisory Council
Caroline Edwards
Bryce Smith
Joshua Boone
Riley Smith 
Mary Elizabeth Morris
Alabama Tyndall
Macy Price
Shelby Greene
RJ Foss
Lenoir County 4-H Prevention Advisory Committee
Courtney Boyette
Susan Glover
Velvet Tyndall
Sonya Howell
Jim McLain
Steve Roman
Lenoir County Horticulture Committee
Peggy Afarian
Pat Bizzell
Margaret Butler
Don Baker
Jo Carroll
Cheryl Crouse
Bill Fox
Georgia Ormond
Lenoir County Family and Consumer Science
Pat Jenkins
Alex Sugg
Barbara Perry
Christy Hobbs
Lisa Jones
Alma Fields
Kristin Alexander
Parenting
Steve Roman
Jennifer Short
Kelly Tyndall
Velvet Tyndall
Jerry Burns
Pam Stokes
Small Farms Specialized Committee
Warren Brothers
Ronald Hanchey
Woody Tyndall
Luby Measley
Steve Porter
M. R. Williams
Parents As Teachers Advisory Board
Steve Roman
Crystal Rouse
Dina Smith
Ashlee Byrd
Agriculture Committee
Clay King
Rod Smith
Sara Sweeting
Mark Rouse
Wil Sutton
Scotty Ginn
Taylor Ginn
Freddy Sutton
Brent Herring
Lenoir County Farmers Market Advisory Committee
Pat Jenkins
Ben Knight
Curtis Smith
Steve Porter
Ronnie Hanchey
Warren Brothers
Jan Parson
Pat Walston
Dexter Whitley
Lenoir County Cooperative Extension Construction Committee
Tammy Kelly
Eve Honeycutt
Steve Killette
Mac Daughtey
Craig Hill
Linda Sutton
Rod Smith
Alton Roberson
Ray Collier
John Howard

VII. Staff Membership

Tammy Kelly
Title: County Extension Director
Phone: (252) 527-2191
Email: tammy_kelly@ncsu.edu

Walter Adams
Title: Agriculture & Natural Resources Technician II
Phone: (910) 296-2143
Email: walter_adams@ncsu.edu

Candice Christian
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Consumer & Retail Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9148
Email: Candice_Christian@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: The overall goal of the Area Specialized Agents (ASAs) in Consumer & Retail Food Safety is to support FCS Agents in delivering timely and evidence-based food safety education and information to stakeholders in North Carolina.

Mike Frinsko
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Aquaculture
Phone: (252) 448-9621
Email: mike_frinsko@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provide technical training and assistance to commercial aquaculture producers in the Southeast Extension District

Adrian Gaskins
Title: Area Agent, Information Management
Phone: (252) 527-2191
Email: adrian_gaskins@ncsu.edu

Peg Godwin
Title: Extension Agent, Agriculture - Horticulture
Phone: (252) 527-2191
Email: peg_godwin@ncsu.edu

Jessica Griffin
Title: County Extension Administrative Assistant
Phone: (252) 527-2191
Email: jessica_griffin@ncsu.edu

Marissa Herchler
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Animal Food Safety (FSMA Programs)
Phone: (919) 515-5396
Email: marissa_herchler@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marissa is an Area Specialized Agent for animal food safety, with emphasis on the new Food Safety Modernization Act rules, as they apply to feed mills in North Carolina. Please contact Marissa with any FSMA related questions, or PCQI training inquiries.

Eve Honeycutt
Title: Extension Agent, Agriculture - Livestock, Lenoir and Greene
Phone: (252) 527-2191
Email: eve_honeycutt@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Develop quality programs for Greene and Lenoir Counties relating to Animal Waste Management, Livestock Production, and Forages.

Patricia Jenkins
Title: Lenoir County Farmers Market
Phone: (252) 527-2191
Email: patricia_jenkins@ncsu.edu

Lynette Johnston
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-0303
Email: lynette_johnston@ncsu.edu

Steve Killette
Title: Extension Agent, Agriculture - Field Crops
Phone: (252) 527-2191
Email: sakillet@ncsu.edu

Colby Lambert
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Forestry
Phone: (910) 814-6041
Email: colby_lambert@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides educational opportunities and technical support to forest landowners, agents, and forest industry in eastern North Carolina.

Danny Lauderdale
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Nursery and Greenhouse, Eastern Region
Phone: (252) 237-0111
Email: danny_lauderdale@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides programming to commercial ornamental nursery and greenhouse producers in eastern North Carolina.

Bill Lord
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Water Resources
Phone: (919) 496-3344
Email: william_lord@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Water quality education and technical assistance

Stephanie McDonald-Murray
Title: Regional Nutrition Extension Associate - Southeast EFNEP and SNAP-Ed
Phone: (910) 296-2143
Email: stephanie_mcdonald@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Job Description: Provides programmatic supervision to the EFNEP program in the South East District.

Teresa Morris
Title: EFNEP Educator, Extension Program Associate
Phone: (252) 527-2191
Email: teresa_morris@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides nutritional education programming for limited resources families and youth.

Diana Rashash
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Water Quality/Waste Management
Phone: (910) 455-5873
Email: diana_rashash@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Water and wastewater issues of all types: stormwater, aquatic weed ID & control, water quality & quantity, septic systems, animal waste, land application of wastewater, environment & sustainability, climate, etc.

Margaret Ross
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Poultry
Phone: (252) 670-8254
Email: margaret_ross@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Working with commercial poultry producers to assist in writing nutrient management plans and conducting educational programming.

Chip Simmons
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Food Safety
Phone: (919) 414-5632
Email: odsimmon@ncsu.edu

Wesley Stallings
Title: Area Agent, Agriculture - Commercial Horticulture
Phone: (252) 448-9621
Email: wcstalli@ncsu.edu

Jennifer Stroud
Title: County Extension Administrative Assistant
Phone: (252) 527-2191
Email: jennifer_stroud@ncsu.edu

Alex Sugg
Title: Extension Agent, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (252) 527-2191
Email: alex_sugg@ncsu.edu

Angelene Thomas
Title: Program Assistant, 4-H Youth Development - Rural Health and Safety Education
Phone: (252) 527-2191
Email: athoma22@ncsu.edu

Allan Thornton
Title: Extension Associate
Phone: (910) 592-7161
Email: allan_thornton@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Vegetable Extension Specialist. Conducts Extension and applied research programs for commercial vegetable and fruit growers and agents in eastern North Carolina.

Scott Tilley
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Field Crops
Phone: (252) 793-4428
Email: scott_tilley@ncsu.edu

Kaci Turner
Title: County Extension Support Specialist
Phone: (252) 527-2191
Email: khturner@ncsu.edu

Kelly Tyndall
Title: Area Agent, Family and Consumer Sciences
Phone: (252) 448-9621
Email: kelly_tyndall@ncsu.edu

Velvet Tyndall
Title: Program Assistant, Parent Education - Parent Education - Child Safety
Phone: (252) 527-2191
Email: velvet_tyndall@ncsu.edu

Mitch Woodward
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Watersheds and Water Quality
Phone: (919) 250-1112
Email: mdwoodwa@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: NC Cooperative Extension's Goals include: - NC's natural resources and environmental quality will be protected, conserved and enhanced. - NC will have profitable, environmentally sustainable plant, animal and food systems. Protecting our environmental resources, particularly drinking water quality, is a top priority in NC. NC Cooperative Extension is a leader in teaching, researching, and accelerating the adoption of effective water quality protection practices.

VIII. Contact Information

Lenoir County Center
1791 Hwy 11 55
Kinston, NC 28504

Phone: (252) 527-2191
Fax: (252) 527-1290
URL: http://lenoir.ces.ncsu.edu