2019 Lincoln County Program Impact Report

Approved: January 22, 2020

I. Executive Summary

-Cooperative Extension provided instruction to 106 agricultural workers in safe and responsible use of pesticides, with a special interest in worker exposure, protection of the environment, and protection of bee populations. A total of 212 required pesticide application re-certification credits were awarded at these training events, at a total value of $106,000.00. Additional training was offered to 20 new applicators, including county landscape workers and other professionals for initial pesticide licensing as well. Additionally, extensive live educational opportunities were provided to the public through presentations at civic clubs, in-office training, and schools, focusing on pollinator protection and fire ant control.

-Yield, nutritional, pest, and variety data were generated, analyzed, and publicized through field tests and demonstrations. Impact of these projects will be most measurable in coming years. This information has been made available to Lincoln County growers through emails, publication distributions, face-to-face contacts, grower meetings, and a regional field day.

This year, we began to advance an initiative to educate the public as to the agricultural activities in our county. We are working both with agritourism establishments, and production agriculture sites, who have an interest in raising the level of appreciation of farms and farmland in the county. As a result of these efforts, the Lincoln County Board of Commissioners adopted our farm tour and related efforts as one of their 8 goals for this coming fiscal year (2019-2020). As part of this effort, our county's new educational simulator was completed and entered into service to the public in 2019. It was very well received by involved growers and the public. Our advisory system is actively requesting additional content for the simulator, with considerable excitement over the possibilities.

-While many consumer horticulturists received personalized information, advice, and troubleshooting services in the course of the year, 27 of them participated in a 40-hour training covering botany, entomology, pathology, landscaping, gardening, and various other topics. These volunteer students have been prepared to serve Lincoln County, and are doing so in many capacities as Master Gardener volunteers. They now serve as force multipliers for our Extension Service, providing leadership to a 4-H gardening club, advice to other gardeners, and skilled volunteer labor for various projects such as a garden at the Shanklin Library in Denver, NC., the "Sally's Y" community garden in Lincoln County, a pollinator garden in a county park, planter design, installation, and maintenance in downtown Lincolnton, among other ongoing projects.

-4-H also made progress in reaching out to schools in Lincoln County to improve nutritional habits, and advance youth in leaderships and personal responsibility with over 440 youth reached.

-Our FCS program has advanced in bringing in new participants for programing, increasing success in attracting students to Med vs. Meds and more. 1,520 citizens of Lincoln County benefitted from these programs directly this year.

II. County Background

Lincoln County is a growing county with a current population of over 79,000 people, 23% of whom are under the age of 18. The African American population of the county stands at 5.8%, and the Latino or Hispanic population is at 7.0%. The percentage of residents over the age of 25 in Lincoln County who hold bachelor degrees or higher is approximately 19%, while the percentage state-wide is approximately 27%. Development of youth potential in leadership and academic potential, fully inclusive of the diversity of the population, is needed. This is an area of need into which North Carolina's two land-grant universities are well prepared to contribute an increasing level of meaningful assistance.

There is much diversity of production agriculture in the county ($57,000,000 industry as of 2015), with small fruit and vegetable production on the increase and expansion of sustainability and local foods production. Yet the Lincoln County Farmland Protection Plan projects a potential loss of approximately 20% of rural Lincoln County land by the year 2030. County leadership's desire to protect the farmland in the county and the economic well being of the population, calls on Cooperative Extension for diverse, leading edge horticulture, livestock, and field crop production programming and technical support for new growers, and experienced growers as food and agricultural production technologies continue to rapidly advance.

As the nearby City of Charlotte continues to expand, areas of Lincoln County are becoming more and more residential and there is a heavy and increasing interest in landscaping and urban horticulture. Programming to support the landscaping industry, and the consumer horticulture needs and interests of a growing non-farm population are also placing increasing demands on the educational and troubleshooting roles of Cooperative Extension. Training and assistance in local consumer horticulture are in high demand as retirees and workers from other areas coming to Lincoln in large numbers and commuting back and forth to Charlotte.

Families and individuals are experiencing challenges in practicing good nutrition. Youth deal with numerous obstacles as they try to obtain the life skills and confidence they need to become responsible adults. Volunteers continue to be a key to the success of our community but need training, support and structured opportunities for service. To help guide Cooperative Extension with its educational programs in Lincoln County, the Lincoln County Extension Advisory Council and numerous other volunteers (a total of approx. 200 people) participated in an Environmental Scan. All of the following needs were rated as significant, and in need of attention from North Carolina Cooperative Extension:

(1) Improving health and nutrition
(2) Increasing leadership, personal development, and citizenship skills for youth
(3) Increasing leadership, personal development, and citizenship skills for adults
(4) Increasing economic opportunity and business development
(5) Increasing educational achievement and excellence
(6) Improving the agricultural and food supply system in N.C.
(7) Environmental stewardship
(8) Natural resources management

To address these needs, the Cooperative Extension staff in Lincoln County has chosen the objectives below to include in its Plan of Work. This is a part of the overall plan for N.C. Cooperative Extension. This plan is monitored and revised on an ongoing basis so that it continues to remain relevant for our citizens.

III. Objectives to Address the Cooperative Extension Long Range Plan

Our family and consumer sciences programs improve the well-being of individuals, families, and communities.

Our plant production programs improve production, profitability, and sustainability of the agriculture sector.

Value* Outcome Description
238Number of producers who gain skills or knowledge to increase production for local markets.
90Number of producers who improve local food marketing skills or knowledge.
258Number of pesticide applicators receiving continuing education credits
149Number of pesticide credit hours provided
8Number of Certified Crops Advisors receiving continuing education credits
276Number of crop (all plant systems) producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
2Number of Extension initiated and controlled county demonstration test sites
13Number of Certified Crops Advisors credit hours provided
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
3Number of producers who diversified their marketing strategies into local markets (direct, intermediated/food service, institutional).
12Number of producers (and other members of the local food supply chain) who have increased revenue
116Number of farmers, employees or family members adopting regular use of appropriate PPE following AgriSafe or Certified Safe Farm participation
96Number of participants that have adopted farm safety practices
2Number of producers reporting reduction in fertilizer used per acre
114500Number of acres in conservation tillage or other Best Management Practice
209Number of crop (all plant systems) producers adopting best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
25389Tons of feedstock delivered to processor
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Our animal production programs improve production, profitability, and sustainability of the agriculture sector.

Value* Outcome Description
19Number of animal producers who increased knowledge of farm business management, business planning, financial management, marketing, or estate planning.
76Number of producers who increased knowledge of pasture/forage management practices (field improvement, herbicide management, grazing season extension, weed control, forage quality, haylage production, nitrate testing, etc.)
54Number of producers who increased knowledge of the strategies to promote animal health and welfare and reduce the potential for infectious diseases through proper use of vaccines, biosecurity, detection and identification of common diseases, appropriate use of animal medications, and mitigation of antimicrobial resistance transmission
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
9Number of producers who adopted Extension-recommended best management practices related to pasture management
37Number of producers who adopted Extension-recommended best management practices and production changes related to nutrition, ration balancing, mineral supplement, breeding, and reproduction
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Our community development programs build strong and thriving communities.

Value* Outcome Description
240Number of participants who improved knowledge of local food and agricultural systems
27Number of adult participants acquiring the skills needed to serve as a volunteer
4Number of participants who increased their awareness, knowledge or skill in business related topics (e.g., management, product development, marketing, business structure options, business law and/or liability)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
1100Dollar value of in-kind resources contributed by organizations or community
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Our 4-H youth development programs grow the skills young people need to succeed in life and career.

Value* Outcome Description
7Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
10Total number of female participants in STEM program
10Number of high school age youth (students) participating as members of 4-H clubs
47Number of youth increasing knowledge of life skills
428Number of children/youth who improved knowledge of local food and agricultural systems.
47Number of youth increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
428Number of youth demonstrating increased knowledge of natural resources and environmental issues
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
47Number of youth (students) gaining career / employability skills
47Number of youth using effective life skills
428Number of youth willing to participate in conservation actions
100Number of youth increasing their physical activity
1Number of youth volunteers serving in new or expanded roles within Extension
150Number of youth increasing their fruit and vegetable consumption
11Number of youth who grow food in school gardens.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Our consumer horticulture programs teach families and communities about environmentally friendly methods for gardening and controlling pests.

Value* Outcome Description
850Number of individuals who gain knowledge or acquire skills related to vegetable/fruit gardening
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
30Number of individuals who grow food in community gardens.
35Number of individuals who begin home food production by starting a vegetable and/or fruit garden
700Number of participants who use extension-recommended best management practices in landscapes, turf, and gardens, including pest (insect, weed, disease, wildlife) and soil management
200Number of participants selecting appropriate landscape plants (adapted, drought tolerant, appropriate size, etc.)
200Number of participants growing food for home consumption
20Number of participants adopting composting
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Our food safety and nutrition programs create a safer and more sustainable food supply and improve the health and nutrition of individuals, families, and our communities.

Value* Outcome Description
3Number of participants who increase their knowledge of safe home food handling, preservation, or preparation practices
6Number of food handlers who increase their knowledge and skills in safe food handling practices
35Number of individuals who learn how to prepare local foods, including through use of home food preservation techniques.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
76Number of adults increasing their fruit and vegetables consumption
25Number of participants increasing their physical activity
76Number of participants who consume less sodium in their diet
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

IV. Number of Contacts Made by Extension

Type of ContactNumber
Face-to-face* 10,125
Non face-to-face** 100,577
Total by Extension staff in 2019 110,702
* Face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make directly with individuals through one-on-one visits, meetings, and other activities where staff members work directly with individuals.
** Non face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make indirectly with individuals by telephone, email, newsletters, news articles, radio, television, and other means.

V. Designated Grants Received by Extension

Type of GrantAmount
Contracts/Grants $5,100.00
Gifts/Donations $3,231.00
In-Kind Grants/Donations $0.00
United Way/Foundations $0.00
User Fees $965.00
Total $9,296.00

VI. Volunteer Involvement in Extension Programs

Number of Volunteers* Number of Volunteer Hours Known client contacts by volunteers Dollar Value at 25.43
4-H 25 50 165 $ 1,272.00
Extension Community Association 29 90 700 $ 2,289.00
Extension Master Gardener 46 1194 1350 $ 30,363.00
Total: 100 1334 2215 $ 33,924.00
* The number of volunteers reflects the overall number of volunteers for multiple events.

VII. Membership of Advisory Leadership System

Extension Advisory Council
Florence Arrowsmith
Debbie Beck
Amy Foster
Buddy Funderburk
Tommy Houser
Cheree Perkins
Joseph Perkins
Bud Tschudin
Olamae Foster
Family and Consumer Sciences Advisory Committee
Kristen Brink
Audra Ellis
Rick Ellis
Jennifer Greene
Kellie Hardin
Tabitha Thomas
Rachel Carpenter
4-H Advisory Committee
Audra Ellis
Erma Hoyle
Jackie McSwain
Chad McSwain
Robin Nicholson
Casey Snyder
Ben Cabiness
Field Crop Advisory Committee
Charles Hamilton
Tommy Wyant
Steve Johnson
Stephen Secrest
Lucas Richards
Horticulture Advisory Committee
Beverly Phelps
Debbie Beck
Barb Misner

VIII. Staff Membership

Tom Dyson
Title: County Extension Director
Phone: (704) 736-8452
Email: tom_dyson@ncsu.edu

Jenny Carleo
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Grain Crops
Phone: (704) 873-0507
Email: jscarleo@ncsu.edu

Candice Christian
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Consumer and Retail Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9148
Email: cadescha@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: The overall goal of the Area Specialized Agents (ASAs) in Consumer & Retail Food Safety is to provide North Carolinians with technical food safety information and to support Family and Consumer Sciences agents in delivering timely and evidence-based food safety education and information to stakeholders.

Marti Day
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Dairy
Phone: (919) 542-8202
Email: marti_day@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Responsible for educational programs for dairy farmers, youth with an interest in dairy projects and the general public with an interest in dairy foods and the dairy industry.

Glenn Detweiler
Title: Area Agent, Agriculture - Livestock
Phone: (828) 465-8246
Email: glenn_detweiler@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Agriculture-Livestock

Taylor Dill
Title: Extension Agent, Agriculture - Field Crops
Phone: (704) 736-8461
Email: tedill@ncsu.edu

April Dillon
Title: Area Extension Agent, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (704) 482-4365
Email: april_dillon@ncsu.edu

Richard Goforth
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Poultry
Phone: (910) 893-7530
Email: richard_goforth@ncsu.edu

Marissa Herchler
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Animal Food Safety (FSMA Programs)
Phone: (919) 515-5396
Email: marissa_herchler@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marissa is an Area Specialized Agent for animal food safety, with emphasis on the new Food Safety Modernization Act rules, as they apply to feed mills in North Carolina. Please contact Marissa with any FSMA related questions, or PCQI training inquiries.

Abigail Isom
Title: Area Agent, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (704) 736-8458
Email: laisom@ncsu.edu

Craig Mauney
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Commercial Vegetables and Fruits
Phone: (828) 684-3562
Email: craig_mauney@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides educational opportunities, training and technical support to commercial fruit and vegetable growers, agents, and industry in Western NC. (My office is located at the Mountain Horticulture Crops Research and Extension Center not the Henderson County Extension Center as is noted by IT on this website. Please do not contact the Henderson County Extension Center as I am not located there.)

Judy Moore
Title: County Extension Administrative Assistant
Phone: (704) 736-8461
Email: judy_moore@ncsu.edu

Ahmani Pegues
Title: 4-H Program Assistant, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (704) 736-8458
Email: acpegues@ncsu.edu

Ashley Robbins
Title: Area Specialized Agent - Dairy
Phone: (919) 542-8203
Email: ashley_robbins@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marti Day and I are the Area Specialized Dairy Agents - the county-based arm of the Cooperative Extension Dairy Team. We are out here in the counties to help you set and reach your farm, family and business goals. We have collaborative expertise in the areas of Waste Management, Udder Health, Cow Comfort, Nutrition and Forage Management with specialties in (Ashley)Reproduction, Records Management, Animal Health and (Marti)Alternative Markets, Organic Dairy, Grazing Management, and On-farm Processing. We hope to provide comprehensive educational programs for our farmers, consumers and youth for every county across the state. We are here for you by phone, email or text and look forward to working with you!

Elena Rogers
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Food Safety - Fresh Produce Western NC
Phone: (828) 352-2519
Email: elena_rogers@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provide educational programs, training and technical support focusing on fresh produce safety to Agents and growers in Western NC.

Amanda Taylor
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Nursery and Greenhouse, Western Region
Phone: (828) 475-2915
Email: amanda_jo_taylor@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides programming to commercial nursery and greenhouse producers in Alexander, Alleghany, Ashe, Avery, Buncombe, Burke, Caldwell, Catawba, Cherokee, Clay, Cleveland, Gaston, Graham, Haywood, Henderson, Jackson, Lincoln, Macon, Madison, McDowell, Mitchell, Polk, Rutherford, Swain, Transylvania, Watauga, Wilkes, and Yancey Counties.

Zach Troutman
Title: Extension Agent, Family and Consumer Sciences
Phone: (704) 736-8461
Email: zach_troutman@ncsu.edu

Mitch Woodward
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Watersheds and Water Quality
Phone: (919) 414-3873
Email: mdwoodwa@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: NC Cooperative Extension's Goals include: - NC's natural resources and environmental quality will be protected, conserved and enhanced. - NC will have profitable, environmentally sustainable plant, animal and food systems. Protecting our environmental resources, particularly drinking water quality, is a top priority in NC. NC Cooperative Extension is a leader in teaching, researching, and accelerating the adoption of effective water quality protection practices.

IX. Contact Information

Lincoln County Center
115 W Main St
Lincolnton, NC 28092

Phone: (704) 736-8452
Fax: (704) 736-8828
URL: http://lincoln.ces.ncsu.edu