2017 Lincoln County Program Impact Report

Approved: January 29, 2018

I. Executive Summary

-Cooperative Extension provided instruction to 125 agricultural workers in safe and responsible use of pesticides, with a special interest in worker exposure, protection of the environment, and protection of bee populations. A total of 250 required pesticide application re-certification credits were awarded at these training events. Additional training was offered to 30 new applicators, including county landscape workers and other professionals for initial pesticide licensing as well. Additionally, extensive live educational opportunities were provided to the public through presentations at civic clubs, in-office training and schools, focusing on pollinator protection and fire ant control. Through online education, 295 additional individuals received training in the proper management of fire ants.

-Yield, nutritional, pest, and variety data were generated, analyzed, and publicized through field tests and demonstrations. Impact of these projects will be most measurable in coming years. This information has been made available to Lincoln County growers through emails, publication distributions, face-to-face contacts, and through grower meetings.

-While many consumer horticulturists received personalized information, advice, and troubleshooting services in the course of the year, 15 of them participated in a 40-hour training covering botany, entomology, pathology, landscaping, gardening, and various other topics. These volunteer students have been prepared to serve Lincoln County, and are doing so in many capacities as Master Gardener volunteers. They now serve as force multipliers for our Extension Service, providing leadership to a 4-H gardening club, advice to other gardeners, and skilled labor for various projects such as a garden at the Shanklin Library in Denver, NC. This year, these volunteers managed an emergency situation in which overgrown vegetation in a library garden had created many hiding places, which was considered by county authorities to have resulted in a number of violent incidents on the library grounds. These volunteers used their training to alleviate the garden security issues, resulting in an end to the violent and threatening incidents, and thereby preserving the garden, which was going to be removed for security purposes.

-ASPIRE programming produced composite score increases from 1 to 5 points on the ACT scores, improving prospects of participating students attending colleges of their choice. The class mean increase for composite scores was 2.9. The range of math score increases was 1 to 6 points, 1 to 6 for Science, 2 to 12 for reading, and 2 to 7 for English.

-Lincoln County 4-H'ers participated in 4-H presentations competition. Five youth placed state gold, two placed state silver and one placed state bronze with their presentations. Ten youth participated in the State 4-H Livestock Judging Contest. The Senior Team was named state champions. One Junior member placed 2nd overall. One youth was awarded the trip to National 4-H Congress and one youth was awarded the trip to National 4-H Conference. All of these accomplishments are verification of their increased communication skills.

-4-H also made progress in reaching out to schools in Lincoln County to improve nutritional habits. In one school, based on 34 matched pre and post-surveys: 13 students (38%) increased their fruit and vegetable consumption, 9 students (26%) eat more fruit, 10 students (29%) eat more vegetables, 10 students (29%) drink less soda, 16 students (47%) read food labels more often, 10 students (29%) watch TV and play video games less often, 7 students (23%) drink more water, 9 students (26%) eat or drink more low-fat dairy, 11 students (32%) eat more whole grains, 11 students (32%) try new fruits and vegetables more often, Based on parent feedback forms: 67% of parents observed their child eating more fruits and vegetables, 75% of parents observed their child drinking fewer sodas, 67% of parents observed their child reading nutrition labels, 75% of parents observed their child playing outside more often. Parents reported the following in regards to their own eating and physical activity behaviors: 58% of parents are eating more fruits and vegetables, 67% of parents are drinking fewer soft drinks, 67% of parents are being more active.

II. County Background

Lincoln County is a growing county with a current population of over 79,000 people, 23% of whom are under the age of 18. The African American population of the county stands at 5.8%, and the Latino or Hispanic population is at 7.0%. The percentage of residents over the age of 25 in Lincoln County who hold bachelor degrees or higher is approximately 19%, while the percentage state-wide is approximately 27%. Development of youth potential in leadership and academic potential, fully inclusive of the diversity of population, is needed. This is an area of need into which North Carolina's two land grant universities are well prepared to contribute an increasing level of meaningful assistance.

There is much diversity of production agriculture in the county ($57,000,000 industry as of 2015), with small fruit and vegetable production on the increase and expansion of sustainability and local foods production. Yet the Lincoln County Farmland Protection Plan projects a potential loss of approximately 20% of rural Lincoln county land by the year 2030. County leadership's desire to protect the farmland in the county and the economic well being of the population, calls on Cooperative Extension for diverse, leading edge horticulture, livestock, and field crop production programming and technical support for new growers, and experienced growers as food and agricultural production technologies continue to rapidly advance.

As the nearby City of Charlotte continues to expand, areas of Lincoln County are becoming more and more residential and there is a heavy and increasing interest in landscaping and urban horticulture. Programming to support the landscaping industry, and the consumer horticulture needs and interests of a growing non-farm population are also placing increasing demands on the educational and trouble shooting roles of Cooperative Extension. Training and assistance in local consumer horticulture is in high demand as retirees and workers from other areas coming to Lincoln in large numbers and commuting back and forth to Charlotte.

Families and individuals are experiencing life challenges ranging from nutrition and obesity to financial management. Seniors and their families face unique decisions regarding insurance, care giving, and much more. Youth deal with numerous obstacles as they try to obtain the life skills and confidence they need to become responsible adults. Volunteers continue to be a key to the success of our community but need training, support and structured opportunities for service. To help guide Cooperative Extension with its educational programs in Lincoln County, the Lincoln County Extension Advisory Council and numerous other volunteers (a total of approx. 200 people) participated in an Environmental Scan. All of the following needs were rated as significant, and in need of attention from North Carolina Cooperative Extension:

(1) Improving health and nutrition
(2) Increasing leadership, personal development, and citizenship skills for youth
(3) Increasing leadership, personal development, and citizenship skills for adults
(4) Increasing economic opportunity and business development
(5) Increasing educational achievement and excellence
(6) Improving the agricultural and food supply system in N.C.
(7) Environmental stewardship
(8) Natural resources management

To address these needs, the Cooperative Extension staff in Lincoln County has chosen the objectives below to include in its Plan of Work. This is a part of the overall plan for the N.C. Cooperative Extension. This plan is monitored and revised on an ongoing basis so that it continues to remain relevant for our citizens.

III. Objectives to Address the Cooperative Extension Long Range Plan

North Carolina's plant production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.

Value* Outcome Description
484Number of crop (all plant systems) producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
5Number of Extension initiated and controlled County demonstration test sites (new required for GLF/PSI reporting)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
107Number of crop (all plant systems) producers adopting best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
472098Net income gains realized by the adoption of best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
86Number of producers reporting increased dollar returns per acre or reduced costs per acre
20000Number of acres in conservation tillage or other Best Management Practice
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

North Carolina's animal production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.

Producers will increase sales of food locally to more agriculturally aware consumers through market development, producer and consumer education, and new farmer and infrastructure support.

Value* Outcome Description
1Number of adults (including producers, food business owners, etc.) who improved knowledge of local food and agricultural systems.
6Number of individuals who learn how to prepare local foods, including through use of home food preservation techniques.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Agricultural producers, workers, food handlers and consumers will adopt safer food and agricultural production, handling, and distribution practices that reduce workplace and home injuries/illnesses, enhance food security, and increase the quality and safety of food that North Carolinians prepare and consume.

Value* Outcome Description
183Number of commercial/public operators trained
366Number of pesticide application credit hours provided
16Number of participants trained in safe home food handling, preservation, or preparation practices
10TOTAL number of food handlers receiving food safety training and education in safe food handling practices (new required data for federal reporting)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Individuals and groups will acquire leadership and decision making capacities needed to guide and actively participate in local and state organizations.

Youth and adults will address community issues and/or challenges through volunteerism.

Futures that Work: School to Career Pathways

Value* Outcome Description
2Number of teachers trained in 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum
10Number of high school age youth (students) participating as members of 4-H clubs
9Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge of entrepreneurship
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
9Number of youth (students) gaining career / employability skills
9Number of youth (students) gaining entrepreneurship skills
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Consumers and communities will enhance the value of plants, animals, and landscapes while conserving valuable natural resources and protecting the environment.

Value* Outcome Description
19506Number of participants improving knowledge, attitude, skills and aspirations regarding gardening and landscape practices including plant selection and placement, turfgrass management, soil management, growing food, water conservation and water quality preservation, storm water and erosion management, green waste management, pest and wildlife management
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
7400Number of participants who use extension-recommended best management practices in landscapes, turf, and gardens, including pest (insect, weed, disease) management, fertility management, water conservation, water quality preservation and pruning techniques
30000Total cost savings from the use of extension-recommended best management practices in landscapes, turf, and gardens, including pest (insect, weed, disease) management, fertility management, water conservation, water quality preservation and pruning techniques
6000Number of participants who use extension-recommended pest management practices in homes, public facilities, businesses or in community pest management programs
30000Cost savings from using extension-recommended pest management practices in homes, public facilities, businesses or in community pest management programs
1000Number of participants selecting appropriate landscape plants (adapted, drought tolerant, appropriate size, etc.)
21000Cost savings from the appropriate selection of landscape plants
100Number of participants growing food for home consumption
1200Value of produce grown for home consumption
35Number of participants adopting composting
4Reduced tonnage of greenwaste as a result of Extension-recommended practices including composting and proper plant selection
50Number of participants implementing extension-recommended practices to conserve water use and protect water qualty
2000Costs savings from implementing extension-recommended practices to conserve water use and protect water qualtiy
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Youth and adult program participants will make healthy food choices, achieve the recommended amount of physical activity and reduce risk factors for chronic diseases.

Value* Impact Description
39Number of adults increasing their fruit and vegetables consumption
19Number of youth increasing their fruit and vegetable consumption
50Number of participants who consume less sodium in their diet
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

IV. Number of Contacts Made by Extension

Type of ContactNumber
Face-to-face* 14,038
Non face-to-face** 4,878
Total by Extension staff in 2017 18,916
* Face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make directly with individuals through one-on-one visits, meetings, and other activities where staff members work directly with individuals.
** Non face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make indirectly with individuals by telephone, email, newsletters, news articles, radio, television, and other means.

V. Designated Grants Received by Extension

Type of GrantAmount
Contracts/Grants $600.00
Gifts/Donations $11,100.00
In-Kind Grants/Donations $950.00
United Way/Foundations $0.00
User Fees $2,340.00
Total $14,990.00

VI. Volunteer Involvement in Extension Programs

Number of Volunteers* Number of Volunteer Hours Known client contacts by volunteers Dollar Value at 24.69
4-H: 84 418 1,179 $ 10,320.00
Advisory Leadership System: 0 0 0 $ 0.00
Extension Community Association: 0 0 0 $ 0.00
Extension Master Gardener: 396 546 785 $ 13,481.00
Other: 13 53 0 $ 1,309.00
Total: 493 1017 1964 $ 25,110.00
* The number of volunteers reflects the overall number of volunteers for multiple events.

VII. Membership of Advisory Leadership System

Extension Advisory Council
Florence Arrowsmith
Debbie Beck
Micki Earp
Amy Foster
Buddy Funderburk
Jesus Gonzalez
Tommy Houser
Giles L. Martin Sr.
Cheree Perkins
Joseph Perkins
Beverly Robinson
Jim Sanders
Bud Tschudin
4-H Advisory Council
Audra Ellis
Erma Deen Hoyle
Jeff Johnsen
Jackie McSwain
Casey Snyder
Robin Nicholson
Joseph Perkins
Jennifer Sherrill
Ben Cabaniss

VIII. Staff Membership

Tom Dyson
Title: County Extension Director
Phone: (704) 736-8452
Email: tom_dyson@ncsu.edu

Brent Buchanan
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Dairy
Phone: (315) 212-1277
Email: babuchan@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Dairy Extension Programming in Western North Carolina Counties of Haywood, Madison, Buncombe, Transylvania, Henderson, Yancey, McDowell, Polk, Rutherford, Mitchell, Avery, Burke, Cleveland, Watauga, Caldwell, Catawba, Lincoln, Gaston, Ashe, Wilkes, Alexander, Iredell, Alleghany, Surry, Yadkin, and Davie.

Candice Christian
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Consumer and Retail Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9148
Email: Candice_Christian@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: The overall goal of the Area Specialized Agents (ASAs) in Consumer & Retail Food Safety is to support FCS Agents in delivering timely and evidence-based food safety education and information to stakeholders in North Carolina.

Glenn Detweiler
Title: Area Agent, Agriculture - Livestock
Phone: (828) 465-8240
Email: Glenn_Detweiler@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Agriculture-Livestock

April Dillon
Title: Extension Agent, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (704) 736-8458
Email: april_dillon@ncsu.edu

Richard Goforth
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Poultry
Phone: (704) 283-3801
Email: richard_goforth@ncsu.edu

Marissa Herchler
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Animal Food Safety (FSMA Programs)
Phone: (919) 515-5396
Email: marissa_herchler@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marissa is an Area Specialized Agent for animal food safety, with emphasis on the new Food Safety Modernization Act rules, as they apply to feed mills in North Carolina. Please contact Marissa with any FSMA related questions, or PCQI training inquiries.

Bill Lord
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Water Resources
Phone: (919) 496-3344
Email: william_lord@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Water quality education and technical assistance

Craig Mauney
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Commercial Vegetables & Fruits
Phone: (828) 684-3562
Email: craig_mauney@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides educational opportunities, training and technical support to commercial fruit and vegetable growers, agents, and industry in Western NC.

Judy Moore
Title: County Extension Administrative Assistant
Phone: (704) 736-8461
Email: judy_moore@ncsu.edu

Currey Nobles
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9520
Email: canobles@ncsu.edu

Elena Rogers
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Food Safety - Fresh Produce Western NC
Phone: (828) 352-2519
Email: elena_rogers@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provide educational programs, training and technical support focusing on fresh produce safety to Agents and growers in Western NC.

Andrew Scruggs
Title: Area Agent, Agriculture - Field Crops
Phone: (704) 736-8461
Email: andrew_scruggs@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provide support for field crop producers in Cleveland and Lincoln counties.

Brenda Street
Title: County Extension Support Specialist
Phone: (704) 736-8452
Email: brenda_street@ncsu.edu

Amanda Taylor
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Nursery and Greenhouse, Western Region
Phone: (828) 475-2915
Email: amanda_jo_taylor@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides programming to commercial nursery and greenhouse producers in Alexander, Alleghany, Ashe, Avery, Buncombe, Burke, Caldwell, Catawba, Cherokee, Clay, Cleveland, Gaston, Graham, Haywood, Henderson, Jackson, Lincoln, Macon, Madison, McDowell, Mitchell, Polk, Rutherford, Swain, Transylvania, Watauga, Wilkes, and Yancey Counties.

Kate Turnure
Title: 4-H Program Assistant
Phone: (704) 736-8452
Email: kturnur@ncsu.edu

Mitch Woodward
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Watersheds and Water Quality
Phone: (919) 250-1112
Email: mdwoodwa@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: NC Cooperative Extension's Goals include: - NC's natural resources and environmental quality will be protected, conserved and enhanced. - NC will have profitable, environmentally sustainable plant, animal and food systems. Protecting our environmental resources, particularly drinking water quality, is a top priority in NC. NC Cooperative Extension is a leader in teaching, researching, and accelerating the adoption of effective water quality protection practices.

IX. Contact Information

Lincoln County Center
115 W Main St
Lincolnton, NC 28092

Phone: (704) 736-8452
Fax: (704) 736-8828
URL: http://lincoln.ces.ncsu.edu