2018 Lincoln County Program Impact Report

Approved: January 28, 2019

I. Executive Summary

-Cooperative Extension provided instruction to 160 agricultural workers in safe and responsible use of pesticides, with a special interest in worker exposure, protection of the environment, and protection of bee populations. A total of 320 required pesticide application re-certification credits were awarded at these training events, at a total value of $160,000.00. Additional training was offered to 52 new applicators, including county landscape workers and other professionals for initial pesticide licensing as well. Additionally, extensive live educational opportunities were provided to the public through presentations at civic clubs, in-office training, and schools, focusing on pollinator protection and fire ant control. Through online education, 75 additional individuals received training in the proper management of fire ants.

-Yield, nutritional, pest, and variety data were generated, analyzed, and publicized through field tests and demonstrations. Impact of these projects will be most measurable in coming years. This information has been made available to Lincoln County growers through emails, publication distributions, face-to-face contacts, grower meetings, and a regional field day. Total impacts from improved management practices is approximated at over $3,800,000.00.

-While many consumer horticulturists received personalized information, advice, and troubleshooting services in the course of the year, 16 of them participated in a 40-hour training covering botany, entomology, pathology, landscaping, gardening, and various other topics. These volunteer students have been prepared to serve Lincoln County, and are doing so in many capacities as Master Gardener volunteers. They now serve as force multipliers for our Extension Service, providing leadership to a 4-H gardening club, advice to other gardeners, and skilled volunteer labor for various projects such as a garden at the Shanklin Library in Denver, NC., the "Sally's Y" community garden in Lincoln County, a pollinator garden in a county park, planter design, installation, and maintenance in downtown Lincolnton, among other ongoing projects.

-ASPIRE programming produced composite score increases from 1 to 8 points on the ACT scores, improving prospects of participating students attending colleges of their choice. The class mean increase for composite scores was 2.9.

-Lincoln County 4-H'ers participated in 4-H presentations competition. Four youth placed state gold, three placed state silver and two placed state bronze with their presentations. Seven youth participated in the State 4-H Livestock Judging Contest. Lincoln had the 1st place overall junior team, 1st place overall individual senior, 1st and 2nd place overall juniors. One youth was awarded the trip to National 4-H Congress and one youth was awarded 1st alternate for the trip to National 4-H Conference. All of these accomplishments are verification of their increased communication skills.

-4-H also made progress in reaching out to schools in Lincoln County to improve nutritional habits. In one school, based on 29 matched pre and post-surveys: 21 students (72%) increased their fruit and vegetable consumption, 18 students (62%) eat more fruit and vegetables, 12 students (43%) drink more water, 11 students (38%) read food labels more often, 10 students (29%) watch TV and play video games less often, 7 students (23%) drink more water, 11 students (38%) eat more vegetables, 11 students (38%) drink less soda, 8 students (28%) watch TV and play video games less often, 8 students (28%) eat or drink more low-fat dairy, 6 students (21%) increased their physical activity, and 6 students (21%) try new fruits and vegetables more often. Based on parent feedback forms: 23 parents (79%) observed their child eating more fruits and vegetables, 22 parents (76%) observed their child drinking fewer sodas, 19 parents (66%) observed their child reading nutrition labels, and 17 parents (59%) observed their child playing outside more often. Union Elementary School reported making a change in their policies, systems, and/or environment.

II. County Background

Lincoln County is a growing county with a current population of over 79,000 people, 23% of whom are under the age of 18. The African American population of the county stands at 5.8%, and the Latino or Hispanic population is at 7.0%. The percentage of residents over the age of 25 in Lincoln County who hold bachelor degrees or higher is approximately 19%, while the percentage state-wide is approximately 27%. Development of youth potential in leadership and academic potential, fully inclusive of the diversity of the population, is needed. This is an area of need into which North Carolina's two land-grant universities are well prepared to contribute an increasing level of meaningful assistance.

There is much diversity of production agriculture in the county ($57,000,000 industry as of 2015), with small fruit and vegetable production on the increase and expansion of sustainability and local foods production. Yet the Lincoln County Farmland Protection Plan projects a potential loss of approximately 20% of rural Lincoln County land by the year 2030. County leadership's desire to protect the farmland in the county and the economic well being of the population, calls on Cooperative Extension for diverse, leading edge horticulture, livestock, and field crop production programming and technical support for new growers, and experienced growers as food and agricultural production technologies continue to rapidly advance.

As the nearby City of Charlotte continues to expand, areas of Lincoln County are becoming more and more residential and there is a heavy and increasing interest in landscaping and urban horticulture. Programming to support the landscaping industry, and the consumer horticulture needs and interests of a growing non-farm population are also placing increasing demands on the educational and troubleshooting roles of Cooperative Extension. Training and assistance in local consumer horticulture are in high demand as retirees and workers from other areas coming to Lincoln in large numbers and commuting back and forth to Charlotte.

Families and individuals are experiencing challenges in practicing good nutrition. Youth deal with numerous obstacles as they try to obtain the life skills and confidence they need to become responsible adults. Volunteers continue to be a key to the success of our community but need training, support and structured opportunities for service. To help guide Cooperative Extension with its educational programs in Lincoln County, the Lincoln County Extension Advisory Council and numerous other volunteers (a total of approx. 200 people) participated in an Environmental Scan. All of the following needs were rated as significant, and in need of attention from North Carolina Cooperative Extension:

(1) Improving health and nutrition
(2) Increasing leadership, personal development, and citizenship skills for youth
(3) Increasing leadership, personal development, and citizenship skills for adults
(4) Increasing economic opportunity and business development
(5) Increasing educational achievement and excellence
(6) Improving the agricultural and food supply system in N.C.
(7) Environmental stewardship
(8) Natural resources management

To address these needs, the Cooperative Extension staff in Lincoln County has chosen the objectives below to include in its Plan of Work. This is a part of the overall plan for N.C. Cooperative Extension. This plan is monitored and revised on an ongoing basis so that it continues to remain relevant for our citizens.

III. Objectives to Address the Cooperative Extension Long Range Plan

North Carolina's plant production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.

Value* Outcome Description
2038Number of crop (all plant systems) producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
14Number of Extension initiated and controlled County demonstration test sites (new required for GLF/PSI reporting)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
143Number of crop (all plant systems) producers adopting best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
3830983Net income gains realized by the adoption of best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
36Number of producers reporting increased dollar returns per acre or reduced costs per acre
17645Number of acres in conservation tillage or other Best Management Practice
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

North Carolina's animal production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.

Producers will increase sales of food locally to more agriculturally aware consumers through market development, producer and consumer education, and new farmer and infrastructure support.

Value* Outcome Description
2Number of individuals who learn how to prepare local foods, including through use of home food preservation techniques.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Agricultural producers, workers, food handlers and consumers will adopt safer food and agricultural production, handling, and distribution practices that reduce workplace and home injuries/illnesses, enhance food security, and increase the quality and safety of food that North Carolinians prepare and consume.

Value* Outcome Description
45Number of commercial/public operators trained
320Number of pesticide application credit hours provided
50Number of participants participating in AgriSafe personal protective equipment (PPE) selection or fit testing
4Number of food service employees receiving ServSafe certification
2Number of participants trained in safe home food handling, preservation, or preparation practices
4TOTAL number of food handlers receiving food safety training and education in safe food handling practices (new required data for federal reporting)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
4Number of participants developing food safety plans
4Number of participants implementing ServSafe
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Individuals and groups will acquire leadership and decision making capacities needed to guide and actively participate in local and state organizations.

Youth and adults will address community issues and/or challenges through volunteerism.

Futures that Work: School to Career Pathways

Value* Outcome Description
3Number of teachers trained in 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum
89Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
4Number of high school age youth (students) participating as members of 4-H clubs
12Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge of career/employability skills
5Number of adults increasing knowledge of career/employability skills
3Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge of entrepreneurship
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
5Number of teachers using 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum in their classrooms
89Number of youth (students) gaining knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
12Number of youth (students) gaining career / employability skills
5Number of adults gaining career / employability skills
3Number of youth (students) gaining entrepreneurship skills
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

North Carolinians will make decisions and adopt practices that implement effective resource protection and conservation.

Consumers and communities will enhance the value of plants, animals, and landscapes while conserving valuable natural resources and protecting the environment.

Value* Outcome Description
6742Number of participants improving knowledge, attitude, skills and aspirations regarding gardening and landscape practices including plant selection and placement, turfgrass management, soil management, growing food, water conservation and water quality preservation, storm water and erosion management, green waste management, pest and wildlife management
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
2000Number of participants who use extension-recommended best management practices in landscapes, turf, and gardens, including pest (insect, weed, disease) management, fertility management, water conservation, water quality preservation and pruning techniques
10000Total cost savings from the use of extension-recommended best management practices in landscapes, turf, and gardens, including pest (insect, weed, disease) management, fertility management, water conservation, water quality preservation and pruning techniques
2000Number of participants who use extension-recommended pest management practices in homes, public facilities, businesses or in community pest management programs
10000Cost savings from using extension-recommended pest management practices in homes, public facilities, businesses or in community pest management programs
2000Number of participants selecting appropriate landscape plants (adapted, drought tolerant, appropriate size, etc.)
5000Cost savings from the appropriate selection of landscape plants
500Number of participants growing food for home consumption
20000Value of produce grown for home consumption
10Number of participants adopting composting
10Number of participants implementing extension-recommended practices to conserve water use and protect water qualty
100Costs savings from implementing extension-recommended practices to conserve water use and protect water qualtiy
10Number of participants implementing extension-recommended practices to conserve water use and protect water qualtiy
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Youth and adult program participants will make healthy food choices, achieve the recommended amount of physical activity and reduce risk factors for chronic diseases.

Value* Impact Description
6Number of adults increasing their fruit and vegetables consumption
6Number of participants who consume less sodium in their diet
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

IV. Number of Contacts Made by Extension

Type of ContactNumber
Face-to-face* 13,678
Non face-to-face** 6,504
Total by Extension staff in 2018 20,182
* Face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make directly with individuals through one-on-one visits, meetings, and other activities where staff members work directly with individuals.
** Non face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make indirectly with individuals by telephone, email, newsletters, news articles, radio, television, and other means.

V. Designated Grants Received by Extension

Type of GrantAmount
Contracts/Grants $1,358.86
Gifts/Donations $16,498.47
In-Kind Grants/Donations $0.00
United Way/Foundations $0.00
User Fees $11,137.90
Total $28,995.23

VI. Volunteer Involvement in Extension Programs

Number of Volunteers* Number of Volunteer Hours Known client contacts by volunteers Dollar Value at 25.43
4-H: 144 863 0 $ 21,946.00
Advisory Leadership System: 0 0 0 $ 0.00
Extension Community Association: 0 0 0 $ 0.00
Extension Master Gardener: 179 764 54 $ 19,429.00
Other: 4 29 0 $ 737.00
Total: 327 1656 54 $ 42,112.00
* The number of volunteers reflects the overall number of volunteers for multiple events.

VII. Membership of Advisory Leadership System

Extension Advisory Council
Florence Arrowsmith
Debbie Beck
Amy Foster
Buddy Funderburk
Tommy Houser
Giles L. Martin Sr.
Cheree Perkins
Joseph Perkins
Bud Tschudin
Olamae Foster
Family and Consumer Sciences Advisory Committee
Kristen Brink
Audra Ellis
Rick Ellis
Jennifer Greene
Kellie Hardin
Tabitha Thomas
Rachel Carpenter
4-H Advisory Committee
Audra Ellis
Erma Hoyle
Jackie McSwain
Chad McSwain
Robin Nicholson
Casey Snyder
Ben Cabiness
Field Crop Advisory Committee
Charles Hamilton
Tommy Wyant
Steve Johnson
Stephen Secrest
Lucas Richards
Horticulture Advisory Committee
Beverly Phelps
Debbie Beck
Barb Misner

VIII. Staff Membership

Tom Dyson
Title: County Extension Director
Phone: (704) 736-8452
Email: tom_dyson@ncsu.edu

Brent Buchanan
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Dairy
Phone: (315) 212-1277
Email: babuchan@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Dairy Extension Programming in Western North Carolina Counties of Haywood, Madison, Buncombe, Transylvania, Henderson, Yancey, McDowell, Polk, Rutherford, Mitchell, Avery, Burke, Cleveland, Watauga, Caldwell, Catawba, Lincoln, Gaston, Ashe, Wilkes, Alexander, Iredell, Alleghany, Surry, Yadkin, and Davie.

Jenny Carleo
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Grain Crops
Phone: (704) 873-0507
Email: jscarleo@ncsu.edu

Candice Christian
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Consumer and Retail Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9148
Email: Candice_Christian@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: The overall goal of the Area Specialized Agents (ASAs) in Consumer & Retail Food Safety is to support FCS Agents in delivering timely and evidence-based food safety education and information to stakeholders in North Carolina.

Glenn Detweiler
Title: Area Agent, Agriculture - Livestock
Phone: (828) 465-8240
Email: Glenn_Detweiler@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Agriculture-Livestock

Taylor Dill
Title: Extension Agent, Agriculture - Field Crops
Phone: (704) 736-8461
Email: tedill@ncsu.edu

April Dillon
Title: Area Extension Agent, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (704) 482-4365
Email: april_dillon@ncsu.edu

Richard Goforth
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Poultry
Phone: (704) 283-3801
Email: richard_goforth@ncsu.edu

Marissa Herchler
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Animal Food Safety (FSMA Programs)
Phone: (919) 515-5396
Email: marissa_herchler@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marissa is an Area Specialized Agent for animal food safety, with emphasis on the new Food Safety Modernization Act rules, as they apply to feed mills in North Carolina. Please contact Marissa with any FSMA related questions, or PCQI training inquiries.

Bill Lord
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Water Resources
Phone: (919) 496-3344
Email: william_lord@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Water quality education and technical assistance

Craig Mauney
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Commercial Vegetables and Fruits
Phone: (828) 684-3562
Email: craig_mauney@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides educational opportunities, training and technical support to commercial fruit and vegetable growers, agents, and industry in Western NC.

Judy Moore
Title: County Extension Administrative Assistant
Phone: (704) 736-8461
Email: judy_moore@ncsu.edu

Currey Nobles
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9520
Email: canobles@ncsu.edu

Elena Rogers
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Food Safety - Fresh Produce Western NC
Phone: (828) 352-2519
Email: elena_rogers@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provide educational programs, training and technical support focusing on fresh produce safety to Agents and growers in Western NC.

Brenda Street
Title: County Extension Support Specialist
Phone: (704) 736-8452
Email: brenda_street@ncsu.edu

Amanda Taylor
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Nursery and Greenhouse, Western Region
Phone: (828) 475-2915
Email: amanda_jo_taylor@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides programming to commercial nursery and greenhouse producers in Alexander, Alleghany, Ashe, Avery, Buncombe, Burke, Caldwell, Catawba, Cherokee, Clay, Cleveland, Gaston, Graham, Haywood, Henderson, Jackson, Lincoln, Macon, Madison, McDowell, Mitchell, Polk, Rutherford, Swain, Transylvania, Watauga, Wilkes, and Yancey Counties.

Zach Troutman
Title: Extension Agent, Family and Consumer Sciences
Phone: (704) 736-8461
Email: zach_troutman@ncsu.edu

Mitch Woodward
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Watersheds and Water Quality
Phone: (919) 250-1112
Email: mdwoodwa@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: NC Cooperative Extension's Goals include: - NC's natural resources and environmental quality will be protected, conserved and enhanced. - NC will have profitable, environmentally sustainable plant, animal and food systems. Protecting our environmental resources, particularly drinking water quality, is a top priority in NC. NC Cooperative Extension is a leader in teaching, researching, and accelerating the adoption of effective water quality protection practices.

IX. Contact Information

Lincoln County Center
115 W Main St
Lincolnton, NC 28092

Phone: (704) 736-8452
Fax: (704) 736-8828
URL: http://lincoln.ces.ncsu.edu