2017 Lincoln County Program Impact Report

Approved: January 29, 2018

I. Executive Summary

-Cooperative Extension provided instruction to 125 agricultural workers in safe and responsible use of pesticides, with a special interest in worker exposure, protection of the environment, and protection of bee populations. A total of 250 required pesticide application re-certification credits were awarded at these training events. Additional training was offered to 30 new applicators, including county landscape workers and other professionals for initial pesticide licensing as well. Additionally, extensive live educational opportunities were provided to the public through presentations at civic clubs, in-office training and schools, focusing on pollinator protection and fire ant control. Through online education, 295 additional individuals received training in the proper management of fire ants.

-Yield, nutritional, pest, and variety data were generated, analyzed, and publicized through field tests and demonstrations. Impact of these projects will be most measurable in coming years. This information has been made available to Lincoln County growers through emails, publication distributions, face-to-face contacts, and through grower meetings.

-While many consumer horticulturists received personalized information, advice, and troubleshooting services in the course of the year, 15 of them participated in a 40-hour training covering botany, entomology, pathology, landscaping, gardening, and various other topics. These volunteer students have been prepared to serve Lincoln County, and are doing so in many capacities as Master Gardener volunteers. They now serve as force multipliers for our Extension Service, providing leadership to a 4-H gardening club, advice to other gardeners, and skilled labor for various projects such as a garden at the Shanklin Library in Denver, NC. This year, these volunteers managed an emergency situation in which overgrown vegetation in a library garden had created many hiding places, which was considered by county authorities to have resulted in a number of violent incidents on the library grounds. These volunteers used their training to alleviate the garden security issues, resulting in an end to the violent and threatening incidents, and thereby preserving the garden, which was going to be removed for security purposes.

-ASPIRE programming produced composite score increases from 1 to 5 points on the ACT scores, improving prospects of participating students attending colleges of their choice. The class mean increase for composite scores was 2.9. The range of math score increases was 1 to 6 points, 1 to 6 for Science, 2 to 12 for reading, and 2 to 7 for English.

-Lincoln County 4-H'ers participated in 4-H presentations competition. Five youth placed state gold, two placed state silver and one placed state bronze with their presentations. Ten youth participated in the State 4-H Livestock Judging Contest. The Senior Team was named state champions. One Junior member placed 2nd overall. One youth was awarded the trip to National 4-H Congress and one youth was awarded the trip to National 4-H Conference. All of these accomplishments are verification of their increased communication skills.

-4-H also made progress in reaching out to schools in Lincoln County to improve nutritional habits. In one school, based on 34 matched pre and post-surveys: 13 students (38%) increased their fruit and vegetable consumption, 9 students (26%) eat more fruit, 10 students (29%) eat more vegetables, 10 students (29%) drink less soda, 16 students (47%) read food labels more often, 10 students (29%) watch TV and play video games less often, 7 students (23%) drink more water, 9 students (26%) eat or drink more low-fat dairy, 11 students (32%) eat more whole grains, 11 students (32%) try new fruits and vegetables more often, Based on parent feedback forms: 67% of parents observed their child eating more fruits and vegetables, 75% of parents observed their child drinking fewer sodas, 67% of parents observed their child reading nutrition labels, 75% of parents observed their child playing outside more often. Parents reported the following in regards to their own eating and physical activity behaviors: 58% of parents are eating more fruits and vegetables, 67% of parents are drinking fewer soft drinks, 67% of parents are being more active.

II. County Background

Lincoln County is a growing county with a current population of over 79,000 people, 23% of whom are under the age of 18. The African American population of the county stands at 5.8%, and the Latino or Hispanic population is at 7.0%. The percentage of residents over the age of 25 in Lincoln County who hold bachelor degrees or higher is approximately 19%, while the percentage state-wide is approximately 27%. Development of youth potential in leadership and academic potential, fully inclusive of the diversity of population, is needed. This is an area of need into which North Carolina's two land grant universities are well prepared to contribute an increasing level of meaningful assistance.

There is much diversity of production agriculture in the county ($57,000,000 industry as of 2015), with small fruit and vegetable production on the increase and expansion of sustainability and local foods production. Yet the Lincoln County Farmland Protection Plan projects a potential loss of approximately 20% of rural Lincoln county land by the year 2030. County leadership's desire to protect the farmland in the county and the economic well being of the population, calls on Cooperative Extension for diverse, leading edge horticulture, livestock, and field crop production programming and technical support for new growers, and experienced growers as food and agricultural production technologies continue to rapidly advance.

As the nearby City of Charlotte continues to expand, areas of Lincoln County are becoming more and more residential and there is a heavy and increasing interest in landscaping and urban horticulture. Programming to support the landscaping industry, and the consumer horticulture needs and interests of a growing non-farm population are also placing increasing demands on the educational and trouble shooting roles of Cooperative Extension. Training and assistance in local consumer horticulture is in high demand as retirees and workers from other areas coming to Lincoln in large numbers and commuting back and forth to Charlotte.

Families and individuals are experiencing life challenges ranging from nutrition and obesity to financial management. Seniors and their families face unique decisions regarding insurance, care giving, and much more. Youth deal with numerous obstacles as they try to obtain the life skills and confidence they need to become responsible adults. Volunteers continue to be a key to the success of our community but need training, support and structured opportunities for service. To help guide Cooperative Extension with its educational programs in Lincoln County, the Lincoln County Extension Advisory Council and numerous other volunteers (a total of approx. 200 people) participated in an Environmental Scan. All of the following needs were rated as significant, and in need of attention from North Carolina Cooperative Extension:

(1) Improving health and nutrition
(2) Increasing leadership, personal development, and citizenship skills for youth
(3) Increasing leadership, personal development, and citizenship skills for adults
(4) Increasing economic opportunity and business development
(5) Increasing educational achievement and excellence
(6) Improving the agricultural and food supply system in N.C.
(7) Environmental stewardship
(8) Natural resources management

To address these needs, the Cooperative Extension staff in Lincoln County has chosen the objectives below to include in its Plan of Work. This is a part of the overall plan for the N.C. Cooperative Extension. This plan is monitored and revised on an ongoing basis so that it continues to remain relevant for our citizens.

III. Objectives to Address the Cooperative Extension Long Range Plan

North Carolina's plant production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.
North Carolina's agricultural crops industry makes major contributions to local communities and the state’s economy. In 2014, the estimated farm gate value of crops was $4.72 billion, placing NC as the 17th largest in the nation. North Carolina is one of the most diversified agriculture states in the nation. The state's 50,200 farmers grow over 80 different commodities, utilizing 8.4 million of the state's 31 million acres to furnish consumers a dependable and affordable supply of food and fiber. Tobacco remains one of the state's most predominant farm commodities. North Carolina produces more tobacco and sweet potatoes than any other state and ranks second in Christmas tree cash receipts. The state also produces a significant amount of cucumbers for pickles, lima beans, turnip greens, collard greens, mustard greens, strawberries, bell peppers, blueberries, chili peppers, fresh market cucumbers, snap beans, cabbage, eggplant, watermelons, pecans, peaches, squash, apples, sweet corn, tomatoes, and grapes. There is continual technological change and the relative profitability of individual farm enterprises changes over time; therefore, farmers must respond by modifying their farming operations. Changes in consumer demand create new opportunities for producers. Growth in alternative forms of agriculture will include, among others, organic and niche market production. Educational and training programs for producers of plant agricultural products and services will enhance their ability to achieve financial and lifestyle goals and to enhance economic development locally, regionally and statewide.
Value* Outcome Description
484Number of crop (all plant systems) producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
5Number of Extension initiated and controlled County demonstration test sites (new required for GLF/PSI reporting)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
107Number of crop (all plant systems) producers adopting best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
472098Net income gains realized by the adoption of best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
86Number of producers reporting increased dollar returns per acre or reduced costs per acre
20000Number of acres in conservation tillage or other Best Management Practice
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
North Carolina's animal production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.
North Carolina's livestock industry makes major contributions to local communities and the state’s economy. In 2014, the estimated farm gate value of livestock, dairy, and poultry was $8.85 billion, placing NC as the 7th largest in the nation. Hogs & pigs have historically been an important part of North Carolina agriculture. The industry has changed dramatically since the 1980s from the small farm raising a few hogs to large confinement type operations. North Carolina's number of cattle & calves on farms has remained relatively stable throughout time. Milk cow inventory and milk production have continued to decline in the state. Unlike other commodities, broiler production in North Carolina is increasing throughout the state. There is continual technological change and the relative profitability of individual farm enterprises changes over time; therefore, farmers must respond by modifying their farming operations. Changes in consumer demand create new opportunities for producers. Growth in alternative forms of agriculture will include, among others, organic, niche market production, and pasture-raised livestock. Educational and training programs for producers of animal agricultural products and services will enhance their ability to achieve financial and lifestyle goals and to enhance economic development locally, regionally and statewide.
Producers will increase sales of food locally to more agriculturally aware consumers through market development, producer and consumer education, and new farmer and infrastructure support.
Farmers will increase their capacity to supply product for local food sales through market planning efforts, producer and consumer education, beginning farmer training programs and local market infrastructure development. The fastest growing area of consumer demand in agriculture continues to be organic. Farmers' markets continue to expand as do multiple efforts in local sustainable agriculture. Nationally, "Buy Local, Buy Fresh" movements have emerged in the face of concerns about the risks involved in long distance transportation of industrialized food production. Increasingly, public officials and business leaders see promotion of local farm products as good public policy and local economic development. Additionally, individuals will learn to supplement their current diet by growing their own fruits and vegetables as individuals or as community groups.
Value* Outcome Description
1Number of adults (including producers, food business owners, etc.) who improved knowledge of local food and agricultural systems.
6Number of individuals who learn how to prepare local foods, including through use of home food preservation techniques.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Agricultural producers, workers, food handlers and consumers will adopt safer food and agricultural production, handling, and distribution practices that reduce workplace and home injuries/illnesses, enhance food security, and increase the quality and safety of food that North Carolinians prepare and consume.
Training and educational programs for farmers, agricultural workers, food handlers, and consumers will provide research-based programming, materials, information and expertise to compel these individuals to implement practices relating to the overall safety and security for the food supply and farming systems. Components of this include on-farm, packinghouse, and transportation management, retail and food service establishments, and consumer’s homes. Therefore targeted audiences include farmers and agricultural workers and their families, food handlers and workers (both amateur and commercial), transporters, processors, business operators, food service and retail staff, supervisors of any food facility, long term care facility staff and individuals who purchase, prepare and serve food in their homes. With an estimated 76 million foodborne illnesses annually, costing an estimated $1.4 trillion, food safety highlights a specific area of risk to be addressed by Cooperative Extension. The recent produce-related foodborne illness outbreaks have brought public attention to a problem that has been increasing nationally for the last ten years. The issues of foodborne illness and food safety pose immediate risks for farmers affecting the areas of economics, consumer demand, and market access. Because no processing or kill steps are involved with produce that is typically eaten raw, the best measures to limit microorganisms and fresh produce related illness are to prevent microbes from contaminating the product. Practices like Good Agricultural Practices (GAPs), Good Handling Practices (GHPs), and Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points (HACCP) represent a systematic preventive approach to food safety, protecting agricultural products as they move from farm to retail and restaurants and finally to families. While there is currently no legal requirements for growers to implement GAPs, buyers have responded to the public concern by requiring their produce growers to adhere to current guidelines and possibly even require GAPs certification. The main areas of concern incorporate production, harvesting, packing, and transporting produce in the areas of water quality, manure management, domestic and wildlife management, worker health and hygiene, transportation, traceability, and documentation. For North Carolina growers to be competitive and produce safe product, it is important that they gain knowledge about and implement food safety programs that minimize physical, chemical and biological hazards Food safety risks do not stop at primary production. As risks associated with pathogens can occur at many junctions between primary production and consumption, food safety is a truly farm-to-fork issue. The World Health Organization and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have defined 5 factors that lead to foodborne illness outbreaks: Inadequate cooking or processing procedures; improper storage and holding temperatures, cross-contamination between potentially contaminated raw materials and ready-to-eat foods (either directly or through poor sanitation); and poor implementation of personal hygiene practices. The preventative steps targeting risk reduction taken at each of the components making up the food supply chain are critical in preventing food-borne illness. Educational programs including ServSAFE, School HACCP workshops, food safety at childcare and senior centers, and targeted farm-to-fork food safety inclusion for all food handlers is necessary for important for advances in knowledge and implementation of preventative programs. Equally important is that families and children have a secure food supply. Hunger in American households has risen by 43 percent over the last five years, according to an analysis of US Department of Agriculture (USDA) data released in the report "Household Food Security in the United States, 2004." The analysis, completed by the Center on Hunger and Poverty at Brandeis University, shows that more than 7 million people have joined the ranks of the hungry since 1999. The USDA report says that 38.2 million Americans live in households that suffer directly from hunger and food insecurity, including nearly 14 million children. That figure is up from 31 million Americans in 1999. Limited-resource, socially disadvantaged and food-insecure individuals, families and communities will be provided with information and opportunities to enhance household food, diet and nutritional security. Agriculture is one of the most hazardous industries in the United States, and consistently ranks as the first, second or third most deadly industry along with mining and construction. Agriculture is unique in that the work and home place are often the same, exposing both workers and family members to hazards. In the United States on average each year, there are 700 deaths and 140,000 injuries to those who work in agriculture, defined as farming, forestry and fishing. Farmers, farmworkers and their families are at high risk for fatal and nonfatal injuries (primarily from tractor roll-overs, machinery entanglements, and animal handling incidents), musculo-skeletal conditions, work-related lung diseases, noise-induced hearing loss, heat stress and heat stroke, pesticide exposure and illness, skin diseases, behavioral health issues, and certain cancers associated with chemical use and prolonged sun exposure. The health and safety of migrant and seasonal farmworkers are complicated by other conditions such as infectious disease, hypertension, and diabetes, as well as cultural and language barriers. Farmers and farmworkers alike are subject to lack of access to health care. Agricultural injury and illness are costly, with total US annual costs reaching $4.5 billion and per farm costs equaling $2,500, or 15% of net income. Median health care coverage for farm families is $6,000 per year. In North Carolina, 27% of farm families do not have health insurance, while 29% of farmers do not have health insurance. Many others have health care coverage with high annual deductibles and high premiums. Agromedicine is a comprehensive, collaborative approach involving both agricultural and health scientists to develop solutions addressing the health and safety issues of the agricultural community through research, education and outreach. The North Carolina Agromedicine Institute, a partnership of NC State University, NC A&T State University and East Carolina University in collaboration with others, develops and evaluates effective programs to reduce injury and illness in agriculture, forestry and fishing. One such program is called Certified Safe Farm (CSF) and AgriSafe. CSF and AgriSafe were first developed and researched in Iowa. CSF and AgriSafe are being adapted to North Carolina agriculture by the NC Agromedicine Institute and its Cooperative Extension collaborators. Certified Safe Farm combines AgriSafe health services (wellness and occupational health screenings and personal protection equipment selection and fit services) conducted by trained AgriSafe health providers, on-farm safety reviews conducted by trained Extension agents, and community education and outreach to achieve safety and health goals established by participating farmers and their employees and families. Insurance incentives and safety equipment cost-share programs for participating farmers are still being developed. Other ongoing educational programs addressing agricultural health and safety include farm safety days for children, youth, or families, employee hands-on farm safety training, the National Safe Tractor and Machinery Operation Program for youth, and youth ATV operator safety certification programs.
Value* Outcome Description
183Number of commercial/public operators trained
366Number of pesticide application credit hours provided
16Number of participants trained in safe home food handling, preservation, or preparation practices
10TOTAL number of food handlers receiving food safety training and education in safe food handling practices (new required data for federal reporting)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Individuals and groups will acquire leadership and decision making capacities needed to guide and actively participate in local and state organizations.
Leadership is important to every level of a community sharing in the creation of wealth and well-being. Youth and adult leaders must be capable of motivating groups to achieve common goals that impact North Carolina families and communities.They will need the confidence and skill to guide and support North Carolina community and state organizations. Citizens participating in the 2007 NC Tomorrow survey denoted the importance of leadership by clearly requesting leadership training (54%), social advising, community advising and technical assistance (45%)from their university system.
Youth and adults will address community issues and/or challenges through volunteerism.
Youth and adult volunteers in North Carolina contribute thousands of hours each year to strengthen communities and create strong foundations for the future. As these individuals engage in service, they are gaining new skills, generating new programs to serve their communities, building successful organizations, and fostering an ethic of service. Cooperative Extension is poised to support the development of interpersonal skills, leadership experiences, and content knowledge to ensure that citizens are prepared to engage in meaningful service throughout the lifespan. Current research suggests that youth and adult participation positively impacts civic engagement and contributes to the development of leadership capacities. With its presence in every county, Cooperative Extension is uniquely positioned to contribute to building a stronger ethic of service among youth and adults.
Futures that Work: School to Career Pathways
We are living in a new economy powered by technology, fueled by information and driven by knowledge. Extension programs provide opportunities for youth and adults to improve their level of education and increase their skills that enable them to be competitive in our global society and workforce.
Value* Outcome Description
2Number of teachers trained in 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum
10Number of high school age youth (students) participating as members of 4-H clubs
9Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge of entrepreneurship
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
9Number of youth (students) gaining career / employability skills
9Number of youth (students) gaining entrepreneurship skills
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Consumers and communities will enhance the value of plants, animals, and landscapes while conserving valuable natural resources and protecting the environment.
Residential, commercial and public entities will make decisions regarding plant selection, placement and management that will decrease water consumption, preserve and improve water quality, mitigate storm water contaminants, reduce erosion, energy consumption, and greenwaste, expand wildlife habitat, improve real estate value, and improve diet and nutrition of consumers. The horse and "farmer lifestyle" industry will continue to grow and have an increasing impact on North Carolina's economy, while protecting the environment. The NCDA&CS reports that 65,000 horse producers own over 225,000 horses which annually generates over $704 million of gross revenue from training, showing, boarding and breeding establishments in addition to agri-business sales of horse-related products. The total economic impact of the NC green industry is $8.6 billion, involving 151,982 employees, and 120,741 acres of production (Green Industry Council, 2006). North Carolina residential consumers spend $5.9 billion dollars per year on garden and landscape related expenses (Green Industry Council, 2006). For 2007, North Carolina's population is estimated to be 8,968,800 (LINC). The population grew by 1,323,288 (15%), between 1997 and 2007 and it is projected to grow by another 1,330,055 (13%), over the next ten years (LINC). Over 50% of the population now lives in urban areas. Despite evidence of the ecological and financial benefits, environmentally responsible landscaping strategies are not being implemented widely. Renovating a landscape to incorporate water conserving strategies may result in using 36% less water. Urban water run-off accounts for the majority of water pollution, mostly pesticides and fertilizers, that does not come from a specific industrial source. Selection of well-adapted plants, effective pest management, and appropriate care and feeding of plants will greatly reduce dependence on fertilizers and pesticides. Rain water that is not absorbed by the soil becomes erosive storm water runoff, which transports pollutants such as fertilizer, pesticides, sediment, motor oil, litter, and animal waste to local streams and rivers. Landscape designs will include rain gardens and other runoff catchment facilities (underground cisterns, etc.) that are attractive and easy to maintain in residential areas. Homeowners will learn that proper plant selection and placement can reduce winter heating bills by as much as 15% and summer cooling bills by as much as 50 percent, while reducing the need to prune over-sized plants. Wild habitat areas are rapidly being converted into housing and commercial properties, displacing native plants and animals. Choosing native or adapted plants that provide food and shelter creates a haven for butterflies, birds, lizards, and other animals. Edible landscaping can increase the amount and expand the variety of fresh fruits and vegetables consumed.
Value* Outcome Description
19506Number of participants improving knowledge, attitude, skills and aspirations regarding gardening and landscape practices including plant selection and placement, turfgrass management, soil management, growing food, water conservation and water quality preservation, storm water and erosion management, green waste management, pest and wildlife management
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
7400Number of participants who use extension-recommended best management practices in landscapes, turf, and gardens, including pest (insect, weed, disease) management, fertility management, water conservation, water quality preservation and pruning techniques
30000Total cost savings from the use of extension-recommended best management practices in landscapes, turf, and gardens, including pest (insect, weed, disease) management, fertility management, water conservation, water quality preservation and pruning techniques
6000Number of participants who use extension-recommended pest management practices in homes, public facilities, businesses or in community pest management programs
30000Cost savings from using extension-recommended pest management practices in homes, public facilities, businesses or in community pest management programs
1000Number of participants selecting appropriate landscape plants (adapted, drought tolerant, appropriate size, etc.)
21000Cost savings from the appropriate selection of landscape plants
100Number of participants growing food for home consumption
1200Value of produce grown for home consumption
35Number of participants adopting composting
4Reduced tonnage of greenwaste as a result of Extension-recommended practices including composting and proper plant selection
50Number of participants implementing extension-recommended practices to conserve water use and protect water qualty
2000Costs savings from implementing extension-recommended practices to conserve water use and protect water qualtiy
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Youth and adult program participants will make healthy food choices, achieve the recommended amount of physical activity and reduce risk factors for chronic diseases.
Many North Carolinians are affected by chronic disease and conditions that compromise their quality of life and well-being. Heart disease, stroke and cancer continue to be leading causes of death in our state. In addition, obesity and obesity related chronic diseases such as diabetes continue to rise at alarming rates. Healthy eating and physical activity are critical to achieve optimal health. Many North Carolinians have diets that are too high in calories and too low in fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Portion sizes, foods eaten away-from-home and consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages continue to rise. In addition, most North Carolinians do not engage in regular physical activity. The prevalence of overweight and obesity has nearly doubled in the past 10 years. If the trend of overweight is not slowed, it will eliminate the progress we have made in reducing the burden of weigh-related chronic disease. One in every three US children born after 2000 will become diabetic unless many more people start eating less and exercising more. The cost of obesity in North Carolina in health care costs alone is over 2 billion dollars. There are many proposed reasons for the obesity epidemic, however unhealthy eating and physical inactivity are widely recognizes as primary contributors to the problem. Those who make healthy food choices and are physically active are more likely to achieve and maintain a healthy weight as well reduce chronic diseases. Ultimately, this will lead to reduction in health care costs, increased longevity, greater productivity and improved quality of life.
Value* Impact Description
39Number of adults increasing their fruit and vegetables consumption
19Number of youth increasing their fruit and vegetable consumption
50Number of participants who consume less sodium in their diet
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

IV. Number of Contacts Made by Extension

Type of ContactNumber
Face-to-face* 14,038
Non face-to-face** 4,878
Total by Extension staff in 2017 18,916
* Face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make directly with individuals through one-on-one visits, meetings, and other activities where staff members work directly with individuals.
** Non face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make indirectly with individuals by telephone, email, newsletters, news articles, radio, television, and other means.

V. Designated Grants Received by Extension

Type of GrantAmount
Contracts/Grants $600.00
Gifts/Donations $11,100.00
In-Kind Grants/Donations $950.00
United Way/Foundations $0.00
User Fees $2,340.00
Total $14,990.00

VI. Volunteer Involvement in Extension Programs

Number of Volunteers* Number of Volunteer Hours Known client contacts by volunteers Dollar Value at 24.14
4-H: 84 418 1,179 $ 10,091.00
Advisory Leadership System: 0 0 0 $ 0.00
Extension Community Association: 0 0 0 $ 0.00
Extension Master Gardener: 396 546 785 $ 13,180.00
Other: 13 53 0 $ 1,279.00
Total: 493 1017 1964 $ 24,550.00
* The number of volunteers reflects the overall number of volunteers for multiple events.

VII. Membership of Advisory Leadership System

Extension Advisory Council
Florence Arrowsmith
Debbie Beck
Micki Earp
Amy Foster
Buddy Funderburk
Jesus Gonzalez
Tommy Houser
Giles L. Martin Sr.
Cheree Perkins
Joseph Perkins
Beverly Robinson
Jim Sanders
Bud Tschudin
4-H Advisory Council
Audra Ellis
Erma Deen Hoyle
Jeff Johnsen
Jackie McSwain
Casey Snyder
Robin Nicholson
Joseph Perkins
Jennifer Sherrill
Ben Cabaniss

VIII. Staff Membership

Tom Dyson
Title: County Extension Director
Phone: (704) 736-8452
Email: tom_dyson@ncsu.edu

Brent Buchanan
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Dairy
Phone: (315) 212-1277
Email: brent_buchanan@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Dairy Extension Programming in Western North Carolina Counties of Haywood, Madison, Buncombe, Transylvania, Henderson, Yancey, McDowell, Polk, Rutherford, Mitchell, Avery, Burke, Cleveland, Watauga, Caldwell, Catawba, Lincoln, Gaston, Ashe, Wilkes, Alexander, Iredell, Alleghany, Surry, Yadkin, and Davie.

Candice Christian
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Consumer & Retail Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9148
Email: Candice_Christian@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: The overall goal of the Area Specialized Agents (ASAs) in Consumer & Retail Food Safety is to support FCS Agents in delivering timely and evidence-based food safety education and information to stakeholders in North Carolina.

Glenn Detweiler
Title: Area Agent, Agriculture - Livestock
Phone: (828) 465-8240
Email: Glenn_Detweiler@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Agriculture-Livestock

April Dillon
Title: Extension Agent, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (704) 736-8458
Email: april_dillon@ncsu.edu

Richard Goforth
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Poultry
Phone: (704) 283-3801
Email: richard_goforth@ncsu.edu

Marissa Herchler
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Animal Food Safety (FSMA Programs)
Phone: (919) 515-5396
Email: marissa_herchler@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marissa is an Area Specialized Agent for animal food safety, with emphasis on the new Food Safety Modernization Act rules, as they apply to feed mills in North Carolina. Please contact Marissa with any FSMA related questions, or PCQI training inquiries.

Bill Lord
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Water Resources
Phone: (919) 496-3344
Email: william_lord@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Water quality education and technical assistance

Craig Mauney
Title: Extension Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Commercial Vegetables & Fruits
Phone: (828) 684-3562
Email: craig_mauney@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides educational opportunities, training and technical support to commercial fruit and vegetable growers, agents, and industry in Western NC.

Judy Moore
Title: County Extension Administrative Assistant
Phone: (704) 736-8461
Email: judy_moore@ncsu.edu

Currey Nobles
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9520
Email: canobles@ncsu.edu

Elena Rogers
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Food Safety - Fresh Produce Western NC
Phone: (828) 352-2519
Email: elena_rogers@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provide educational programs, training and technical support focusing on fresh produce safety to Agents and growers in Western NC.

Andrew Scruggs
Title: Area Agent, Agriculture - Field Crops
Phone: (704) 736-8461
Email: andrew_scruggs@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provide support for field crop producers in Cleveland and Lincoln counties.

Brenda Street
Title: County Extension Support Specialist
Phone: (704) 736-8452
Email: brenda_street@ncsu.edu

Amanda Taylor
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Nursery and Greenhouse, Western Region
Phone: (828) 475-2915
Email: amanda_jo_taylor@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides programming to commercial nursery and greenhouse producers in Alexander, Alleghany, Ashe, Avery, Buncombe, Burke, Caldwell, Catawba, Cherokee, Clay, Cleveland, Gaston, Graham, Haywood, Henderson, Jackson, Lincoln, Macon, Madison, McDowell, Mitchell, Polk, Rutherford, Swain, Transylvania, Watauga, Wilkes, and Yancey Counties.

Zach Troutman
Title: Extension Agent, Family and Consumer Sciences
Phone: (704) 736-8452
Email: zach_troutman@ncsu.edu

Kate Turnure
Title: 4-H Program Assistant
Phone: (704) 736-8452
Email: kturnur@ncsu.edu

Mitch Woodward
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Watersheds and Water Quality
Phone: (919) 250-1112
Email: mdwoodwa@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: NC Cooperative Extension's Goals include: - NC's natural resources and environmental quality will be protected, conserved and enhanced. - NC will have profitable, environmentally sustainable plant, animal and food systems. Protecting our environmental resources, particularly drinking water quality, is a top priority in NC. NC Cooperative Extension is a leader in teaching, researching, and accelerating the adoption of effective water quality protection practices.

IX. Contact Information

Lincoln County Center
115 W Main St
Lincolnton, NC 28092

Phone: (704) 736-8452
Fax: (704) 736-8828
URL: http://lincoln.ces.ncsu.edu