2017 Beaufort County Program Impact Report

Approved: January 29, 2018

I. Executive Summary

4-H Program:

Beaufort County 4-H Livestock Show and Sale:
There is a disconnect between agriculture and society, which is rooted in the lack of knowledge and education of what it takes to bring food from farm to fork. One result of that disconnect has been fewer young people entering farming. The average age of a farmer in Beaufort County is 59.6. Only 18.3% of those farmers are African-American.
When Erin Massie implemented animal agriculture lessons to her clubs in Beaufort County, 42 youths expressed a desire to participate in livestock projects and events. This demand led to Beaufort County hosting its first show in decades in their home county. Twenty-three of the youth were limited resource youth. Over $60,000 was raised local businesses to support event, which was a tremendous success. As a result, 92% of the youth who participated plan to participate in livestock projects in 2018. Six youth have expressed interest in majoring in Animal Science in college.

Creating a Little Chef:
Over 31% of 10-17-year-olds are obese in North Carolina. The obesity is due to unhealthy food selection, preparation and the lack of physical activity. To address this problem, Erin Massie implemented the 4-H "Little Chefs" day camp for 24 youth (rising 1st and 2nd graders) in Beaufort County. Healthy alternative recipes were introduced during the cooking camp. During cook time, the youth were able to participate in fun physical activities. All 24 youth tried a new food item and healthy alternative while at camp and each child went home with a cooking kit of their own. Two of the youth's parents posted images on Facebook of the recipes prepared for them with their child and praised 4-H for their child's new interest in cooking healthy. One parent stated that they are trying the healthier techniques with their child.

Public Speaking is a Learned Life-Skill!:
With the increase in social media and technology many opportunities for a youth to stand in front of a group of people and deliver a logical presentation is missing in society. However, the strong history of 4-H has public speaking among it best venues. Beaufort County 4-H program excels in providing opportunities for youth in 4-H clubs, meetings and day camps to share the spotlight and present researched based information to others. We start with show and tell on a local level and provide step by step guidance for youth to select a topic, research, develop and outline and create their own 4-H PowerPoint presentation for competition. Over 88 youth in 4-H clubs started int the process of oral presentations, over 54 youth in Summer Environmental Education day camps shared their group reports with one another. Over 36 youth worked on presentations for the NE District Activity Day and all youth from Beaufort County were awarded awards at the state finals in presentations. So, what may start out as a small opportunity to speak is the first step toward youth becoming confident, effective public speakers. Once this Life-skill is mastered it will help them excel throughout their lives not only in the formal education but, in their role as community leaders in the future.

4-H Teaches Social Skills Which Exhibit Social Graces:
With the various strains on families, often the concept of the "family dinner" is now missing from society. Many youth dine alone. Social skills not imitated or practiced are missing in many adults and youth.
Louise Hinsley has created a workshop entitled "Now, Which Fork Do I Use?" to cover topics from introductions, dress of success and dinning manners. This workshop has expanded beyond Beaufort County as she was a presenter at the NC 4-H Youth Council Meeting reaching over 88 youth in a 90 minute workshop. The workshop was designed to be a take home workshop for youth to reach other youth in their respective home counties. Each participant was given a thumb drive with the PowerPoint presentation and printable supplemental materials to replicate the experience. As a result of this effort, youth are aware of the need to practice manners in order to master them gracefully.

Agriculture Program:

An Evaluation of Corn Nitrogen Placement Methods:
Corn growers are constantly trying to improve efficiency and profitability by improving yields or decreasing their cost of production. Farmers have historically looked to Extension as a source of unbiased, research-based information. One question raised recently pertained to the placement of nitrogen when side-dressing corn, and the use of a new piece of equipment known as the "360 Y-Drop".
Money was raised to purchase a set of these new tools for demonstration. A test was then implemented to evaluate the placement of nitrogen beside the plant using this new equipment. The results indicated a significant difference between treatments. The use of a "Y-Drop" improved yields by 8-10 bushels/acre over a standard method of applying nitrogen currently used by farmers. As a result, farmers now have unbiased, research-based data which indicates the importance of nitrogen placement close to the plant to improve efficiency and yield.

Local Corn Hybrid Trials Aid Farmers in Decision Making Process:
According to the most recent data available from NCDA, farmers in Beaufort, Hyde, Washington, and Tyrrell Counties produced 17,795,000 bushels of corn in 2015. This number represents 21.5% of the state's corn production. Farmers in this area depend on local corn hybrid trials to base decisions on for the coming year's crop. Poor hybrid selection can be costly.
In response to this need, the agents in the four counties annually provide a series of local corn hybrid trials across varying soils and growing conditions. Local and regional seed company representatives and dealers provide the seed, and local farmers, equipment dealers, and agribusinesses provide the land, equipment, fertilizers, and other resources to implement the tests.
In 2017, across 6 tests in four counties, the difference between the lowest yielding hybrid and the highest yielding hybrid of the 48 hybrids tested was 57.6 bushels/acre. This effort proves how important choosing the right hybrid can be. The choice of the 29th highest yielding hybrid in this trial over a top 5 hybrid could cost a farmer 18-22 bushels/acre in yield. At $3.75/bushel, the lost revenue over 1000 acres would be between $67,000 and $82,500. Many of our farmers raise over 1500 acres of corn each year.

II. County Background

Beaufort County has a land area of 826 square miles with a total of 529,908 acres. The current population is 47,585. An influx of retirees moving into new waterfront communities has had a positive effect on the economy of Beaufort County. The population consists of 66% white, 26% African American, and 7% Hispanic. The median household income is $40,986 and the poverty rate is 19.1%. Washington is the county seat and the most populous town. Other towns in the county include Bath, Belhaven, Chocowinity, and Aurora. The Pamlico River divides the county in half and presents transportation challenges. Beaufort County has more shoreline than any other county in the State.
Agriculture remains a strong industry in Beaufort County. The county usually ranks among the top North Carolina counties for production of oats, soybeans, wheat and corn. Twenty five percent of the workforce is engaged in educational services, health care, and social assistance. Manufacturing and construction jobs make up 14.2% and 9.5%, respectively. Agriculture, forestry, fishing/hunting, and mining employ 7.2% of the workers in Beaufort County. Tourism is a rapidly growing economic force in Beaufort County. With it's wealth of environmental and historical resources, Beaufort County is a natural destination for travelers.
The Beaufort County Extension Staff is committed to and responsible for the delivery of educational programs to our residents. We are ready to address these issues as we work to be responsive to the needs of the citizens of Beaufort County.

III. Objectives to Address the Cooperative Extension Long Range Plan

North Carolina's plant production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.

Value* Outcome Description
129Number of crop (all plant systems) producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
13Number of Extension initiated and controlled County demonstration test sites (new required for GLF/PSI reporting)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
64Number of crop (all plant systems) producers adopting best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
3224000Net income gains realized by the adoption of best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
91Number of producers reporting increased dollar returns per acre or reduced costs per acre
48Number of producers reporting reduction in fertilizer used per acre
124000Number of acres in conservation tillage or other Best Management Practice
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Producers will increase sales of food locally to more agriculturally aware consumers through market development, producer and consumer education, and new farmer and infrastructure support.

Value* Outcome Description
3Number of adults (including producers, food business owners, etc.) who improved knowledge of local food and agricultural systems.
0Number of children/youth who improved knowledge of local food and agricultural systems.
10Number of individuals who learn how to prepare local foods, including through use of home food preservation techniques.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Agricultural producers, workers, food handlers and consumers will adopt safer food and agricultural production, handling, and distribution practices that reduce workplace and home injuries/illnesses, enhance food security, and increase the quality and safety of food that North Carolinians prepare and consume.

Value* Outcome Description
74Number of commercial/public operators trained
8Number of pesticide application credit hours provided
12Number of participants participating in AgriSafe personal protective equipment (PPE) selection or fit testing
4Number of food service employees receiving ServSafe certification
36Number of participants trained in safe home food handling, preservation, or preparation practices
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
3Number of farms certified as a Certified Safe Farm
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Individuals and groups will acquire leadership and decision making capacities needed to guide and actively participate in local and state organizations.

Youth and adults will address community issues and/or challenges through volunteerism.

Value* Outcome Description
229Number of adult participants acquiring the skills needed to serve as a volunteer
151Number of youth participants reporting aspirations to serve in new or expanded volunteer roles in community
74Number of adult participants reporting aspirations to serve in new or expanded volunteer roles in community
77Number of hours adult volunteer training conducted
39Number of hours youth volunteer training conducted
50Number new volunteers recruited
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
174Increased number of hours contributed by trained youth volunteers
358Increased number of hours contributed by trained adult volunteers
80Number of youth volunteers serving in new or expanded roles within Extension
79Number of adult volunteers serving in new or expanded roles within Extension
14Number of youth volunteers serving in new or expanded roles beyond Extension, including community boards and task forces
17Number of adult volunteers serving in new or expanded roles beyond Extension, including community boards and task forces
14Number of youth volunteers recruiting and/or training new volunteers
31Number of adult volunteers recruiting and/or training new volunteers
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Futures that Work: School to Career Pathways

Value* Outcome Description
136Number of teachers trained in 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum
3452Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
1963Total number of female participants in STEM program
73Number of youth (students) participating in 4-H dropout prevention (student at-risk) programs
122Number of high school age youth (students) participating as members of 4-H clubs
4201Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge of career/employability skills
130Number of adults increasing knowledge of career/employability skills
109Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge of entrepreneurship
109Number of adults increasing knowledge of entrepreneurship
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
136Number of teachers using 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum in their classrooms
3375Number of youth (students) gaining knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
310Number of youth (students) gaining career / employability skills
270Number of adults gaining career / employability skills
109Number of youth (students) gaining entrepreneurship skills
45Number of adults gaining entrepreneurship skills
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Consumers and communities will enhance the value of plants, animals, and landscapes while conserving valuable natural resources and protecting the environment.

Youth and adult program participants will make healthy food choices, achieve the recommended amount of physical activity and reduce risk factors for chronic diseases.

Value* Impact Description
89Number of youth increasing their fruit and vegetable consumption
89Number of participants increasing their physical activity
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

IV. Number of Contacts Made by Extension

Type of ContactNumber
Face-to-face* 18,772
Non face-to-face** 36,618
Total by Extension staff in 2017 55,390
* Face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make directly with individuals through one-on-one visits, meetings, and other activities where staff members work directly with individuals.
** Non face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make indirectly with individuals by telephone, email, newsletters, news articles, radio, television, and other means.

V. Designated Grants Received by Extension

Type of GrantAmount
Contracts/Grants $9,590.00
Gifts/Donations $77,200.00
In-Kind Grants/Donations $96,329.00
United Way/Foundations $0.00
User Fees $22,450.00
Total $205,569.00

VI. Volunteer Involvement in Extension Programs

Number of Volunteers* Number of Volunteer Hours Known client contacts by volunteers Dollar Value at 24.69
4-H: 427 2,252 4,380 $ 55,602.00
Advisory Leadership System: 0 0 0 $ 0.00
Extension Community Association: 0 0 0 $ 0.00
Extension Master Gardener: 0 0 0 $ 0.00
Other: 2 12 0 $ 296.00
Total: 429 2264 4380 $ 55,898.00
* The number of volunteers reflects the overall number of volunteers for multiple events.

VII. Membership of Advisory Leadership System

Advisory Leadership Council
Andrew Arnold
Velvet Avery
Ed Booth
Becki Brinson
Paige Harris
Tracey Harding
Jimmy Latham
Susan Nichols
Andrea Nikolai
Marcia Norman
Jeffrey Peed
Justin Rose
Laura Staton
Frankie Waters
Jewel Gardner
Mandi Boahn
Marian Booth
Agricultural Advisory Committee
Jeff Peed
Robin Morgan
Andrew Arnold
Shawn Harding
Tony Russ
Jamie Boyd
Lex Mann
4-H & Youth Advisory Committee
Mark Lilley
Monica Burns
Amy Alligood
Mandi Boahn
Velvet Avery
Susan Nichols
Clara Albritton

Consumer Horticulture Advisory Committee
Judy Keohane
Julie Parker
Louise Heerschap
Kay Graham
Linda Beddard
Laura Staton
Dan Bergbaurer
Chris Young
4-H Limited Resource Youth Steering Committee
Renee Harvey
Clara Albritton
Jewel Gardner
Auradis Griffin
Bill Batchelor
James McIntyre
Mandi Boahn
Vera Goss
Grandparents Raising Grandchildren
Marty Dail
Sallie Williamson
Carolyne Everett

VIII. Staff Membership

Rod Gurganus
Title: County Extension Director
Phone: (252) 946-0111
Email: rod_gurganus@ncsu.edu

Sam Bowden
Title: County Extension Support Specialist
Phone: (252) 946-0111
Email: sam_bowden@ncsu.edu

Candice Christian
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Consumer and Retail Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9148
Email: Candice_Christian@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: The overall goal of the Area Specialized Agents (ASAs) in Consumer & Retail Food Safety is to support FCS Agents in delivering timely and evidence-based food safety education and information to stakeholders in North Carolina.

Erin Eure
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Commercial Fruits & Vegetables
Phone: (252) 357-1400
Email: erin_eure@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides educational opportunities and technical support to commercial fruit and vegetable growers, agents, and industry in northeastern NC.

Gene Fox
Title: Area Agent, Agriculture - Consumer Horticulture
Phone: (252) 946-0111
Email: gene_fox@ncsu.edu

Steve Gabel
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Aquaculture
Phone: (252) 482-6585
Email: steve_gabel@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Responsible for aquaculture educational programs for the NC NE extension district.

Marissa Herchler
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Animal Food Safety (FSMA Programs)
Phone: (919) 515-5396
Email: marissa_herchler@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marissa is an Area Specialized Agent for animal food safety, with emphasis on the new Food Safety Modernization Act rules, as they apply to feed mills in North Carolina. Please contact Marissa with any FSMA related questions, or PCQI training inquiries.

Louise Hinsley
Title: Extension Agent, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (252) 946-0111
Email: louise_hinsley@ncsu.edu

Lynette Johnston
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-0303
Email: lynette_johnston@ncsu.edu

Colby Lambert
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Forestry
Phone: (910) 814-6041
Email: colby_lambert@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides educational opportunities and technical support to forest landowners, agents, and forest industry in eastern North Carolina.

Ashley Latham
Title: County Extension Secretary
Phone: (252) 946-0111
Email: aelatham@ncsu.edu

Danny Lauderdale
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Nursery and Greenhouse, Eastern Region
Phone: (252) 237-0111
Email: danny_lauderdale@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides programming to commercial ornamental nursery and greenhouse producers in eastern North Carolina.

Bill Lord
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Water Resources
Phone: (919) 496-3344
Email: william_lord@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Water quality education and technical assistance

Margaret Ross
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Poultry
Phone: (252) 670-8254
Email: margaret_ross@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Working with commercial poultry producers to assist in writing nutrient management plans and conducting educational programming.

Chip Simmons
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Food Safety
Phone: (919) 414-5632
Email: odsimmon@ncsu.edu

Scott Tilley
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Field Crops
Phone: (252) 793-4428
Email: scott_tilley@ncsu.edu

Mitch Woodward
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Watersheds and Water Quality
Phone: (919) 250-1112
Email: mdwoodwa@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: NC Cooperative Extension's Goals include: - NC's natural resources and environmental quality will be protected, conserved and enhanced. - NC will have profitable, environmentally sustainable plant, animal and food systems. Protecting our environmental resources, particularly drinking water quality, is a top priority in NC. NC Cooperative Extension is a leader in teaching, researching, and accelerating the adoption of effective water quality protection practices.

IX. Contact Information

Beaufort County Center
155-A Airport Rd
Washington, NC 27889

Phone: (252) 946-0111
Fax: (252) 975-5887
URL: http://beaufort.ces.ncsu.edu