2019 Perquimans County Program Impact Report

Approved: January 17, 2020

I. Executive Summary

North Carolina Cooperative Extension - Perquimans County Center provides non-biased, research-based information on three core areas: Farming/Food/and 4-H Youth Development. Informal teaching methods, such as on-site farm test plots; hands-on nutrition classes; and interactive youth workshops are the strategies used to “extend” timely information from the land-grant universities to the people of Perquimans County.
Advisory committees targeted several objectives including:

PLANT PRODUCTION SYSTEMS - Programs like Northeast Ag Expo, Variety Field Trials, Certification Courses, and Safety Trainings were taught regionally and locally. Reports indicated 1036 agricultural professionals received training hours and 68,050 acres were involved in Best Management Practices taught by Extension.

ANIMAL PRODUCTION SYSTEMS– Programs like the Albemarle Livestock Show, Northeast Pork and Beef Conferences, Spring Equine Clinics, Pasture Renovations Demonstrations, Farm Safety Day Community Outreach Events taught better managements practices to producers and participants – saving over $33,500 in agricultural expenses and earning a combined total of $297,264.00 in additional income.

FOOD SAFETY & NUTRITION - Aging with Gusto Conference Workshops, Steps to Health Training, Expanded Foods and Nutrition Programs and Master Food Volunteer Courses reached 403 individuals – with 75% reporting making better food choices and increasing physical activity to prevent long term health illnesses.

FAMILY & CONSUMER SCIENCES- Extension/SHIIP volunteers educated 342 adults saving a total of $90,000 in health insurance costs by make better choices about coverage.

4-H YOUTH DEVELOPMENT – programs like School Enrichment, Health Rocks Training, Farm Day Adventures Outreach and Horse Club Activities promoted life skills and decision making - with 620 youth reporting improvements in grades and increasing interest in community service.

COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT - In 2019, Perquimans Extension made 11,471 direct and 11,215 indirect contacts; received $46,478.92 in grants/donations and credits 196 volunteers as clocking 1,396 hours of service - reaching 2,506 contacts - for a dollar value of $35,500.

II. County Background

The North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service - Perquimans County Center is a branch of the local county government and proudly partners with North Carolina State University in Raleigh and A&T State University in Greensboro, to reach and teach local residents with non-biased research-based information. We educate the community and prepare citizens to make informed decisions that benefit all families and agricultural producers. Our greatest asset is our team of professionals and volunteers that stand ready to serve the community and share knowledge in safe trusted informal settings in our area.

Perquimans is a rural county located in northeastern, North Carolina, with a population of 13,453. It consists of 329 square miles, of which 247 is land and 82 is water. Bodies of water that influence the county and stimulate the economy include the Albemarle Sound, the Perquimans River, the Little River, and the Yeopim River. The southern tip of the Great Dismal Swamp extends into the northern portion of the county. There are two incorporated towns located in the county - Hertford and Winfall.

Agriculture continues to be the primary source of income for the county. The 2012 Census of Agriculture reported Perquimans has 185 farms cultivating 80,116 acres of land. Gross farm income, not including forestry while including government payments, exceeded $92 million in 2017. The median age of county residents is 48 years based on recent census data. Approximately 21% of the residents are younger than 18 years of age while 32% are 60 or older. The per capita income level is $22,954 and 19% of residents live below the poverty level.

Through the midpoint of the last decade, the county experienced a significant increase in housing growth due to the influx of retirees from metropolitan areas of Virginia and northern states. This has resulted in increased land prices and more stress on county government to provide infrastructure to meet the needs of new residents. On the positive side, residential growth has favorably impacted the county tax base.

The Perquimans Cooperative Extension Center uses environmental scanning methods to learn about issues facing the county. Mail surveys, electronic surveys, one-on-one interviews, and focus groups are used as needs assessment. Based on feedback, issues of concern included improving health and nutrition for youth and families, improving the agricultural and food supply system in North Carolina which includes natural resources and environmental stewardship issues, and increasing leadership, personal development and citizenship skills. Stakeholders felt that these issues are within Extension's "range" of programmatic expertise.

The county advisory system is updated each year with key people that know the community and can assess the needs to be addressed. Adjustments and additions are made to programs as needed. In addition to formal feedback, Extension seeks input from its various clientele groups to make programs more responsive to local issues. Methods used to do this include program evaluation surveys, personal contact, and observation. It is our goal to proactively meet the needs of our clientele through user-friendly educational programs.

Health and Nutrition issues that are a concern for Perquimans are: obesity of children and adults, poor diets, lack of health insurance, and issues that pertain specifically to the elderly such as proper medications and proper diet and prevention of diseases. Those identifying agriculture and food supply as a priority voiced concerns about efficiency of production agriculture in the face of soaring input costs, a balance of growth between agricultural lands and residential developments, and the need to preserve water quality. Career Development, community involvement, crime prevention, family communication and childhood health and fitness were topics that 4-H advisory members identified as the area that need to be addressed to promote Leadership, personal development, and citizenship for youth in the county.

In response to concerns about the agricultural/residential interface, Perquimans County adopted a Voluntary Agricultural District ordinance in December 2009. Extension led the way by organizing stakeholders and assisting with development of the ordinance. In 2012, landowners began to register parcels of land in this program.

In addition to the issues that will be routinely addressed, Extension partners with county government and other agencies to impact areas of need that did not arise during the environmental scan process, or were not identified by the advisory system and Extension customers.

III. Objectives to Address the Cooperative Extension Long Range Plan

Our family and consumer sciences programs improve the well-being of individuals, families, and communities.

Value* Outcome Description
380Number of people gaining knowledge and/or skills to increase family economic security (such as; how to access: SNAP benefits, SHIIP Medicare Part D; food cost management, cost comparison skills, shop for reverse mortgages, select long term care insurance, etc.)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Our plant production programs improve production, profitability, and sustainability of the agriculture sector.

Value* Outcome Description
1117Number of producers who gain skills or knowledge to increase production for local markets.
52Number of producers who improve local food marketing skills or knowledge.
1036Number of pesticide applicators receiving continuing education credits
27Number of pesticide credit hours provided
23Number of Certified Crops Advisors receiving continuing education credits
609Number of crop (all plant systems) producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
19Number of Extension initiated and controlled county demonstration test sites
7Number of Certified Crops Advisors credit hours provided
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
100Number of producers who diversified their marketing strategies into local markets (direct, intermediated/food service, institutional).
50Number of producers (and other members of the local food supply chain) who have increased revenue
21Number of farms that made safety improvements following a CSF on-farm safety review
120Number of farmers, employees or family members adopting regular use of appropriate PPE following AgriSafe or Certified Safe Farm participation
138Number of participants that have adopted farm safety practices
100Number of producers reporting reduction in fertilizer used per acre
68050Number of acres in conservation tillage or other Best Management Practice
181Number of crop (all plant systems) producers adopting best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Our animal production programs improve production, profitability, and sustainability of the agriculture sector.

Value* Outcome Description
1Number of producers who improve local food marketing skills or knowledge.
3Number of producers who gain skills or knowledge to increase production for local markets.
23Number of animal producers who increased knowledge of farm business management, business planning, financial management, marketing, or estate planning.
5Number of animal producers who learned how to develop a management plan (i.e. grazing plan, feeding plan, drought plan, business plan, disaster plan, etc.)
30Number of producers who increased knowledge of pasture/forage management practices (field improvement, herbicide management, grazing season extension, weed control, forage quality, haylage production, nitrate testing, etc.)
27Number of producers who increased knowledge of nutrition, ration balancing, mineral supplements, breeding, and reproduction
31Number of producers who increased knowledge of the strategies to promote animal health and welfare and reduce the potential for infectious diseases through proper use of vaccines, biosecurity, detection and identification of common diseases, appropriate use of animal medications, and mitigation of antimicrobial resistance transmission
17Number of producers who increased knowledge of animal waste management practices
17Number of animal waste management credits earned through Extension programs
5Number of producers who increased knowledge of how to prepare, mitigate, and recover from natural disasters impacting animal agriculture
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
2Number of producers who diversified their marketing strategies into local markets (direct, intermediated/food service, institutional).
1Number of new farms (beginning farmers) selling into local markets for local consumption (in this reporting period)
1Number of producers (and other members of the local food supply chain) who have increased revenue
4Number of farmers, employees or family members adopting regular use of appropriate PPE following AgriSafe or Certified Safe Farm participation
6Number of producers adopting extension-recommended practices related to planning, marketing, and financial management
17Number of producers implementing Extension-recommended best management practices for animal waste management
10Number of producers who adopted Extension-recommended best management practices and production changes related to quality assurance (vaccinations, castration, culling techniques, etc.)
4Number of producers who adopted Extension-recommended best management practices and production changes related to genetic improvement (AI, heifer/bull selection)
4Number of producers who adopted Extension-recommended best management practices and production changes related to nutrition (mineral, feed rations)
2Number of producers who adopted Extension-recommended best management practices and production changes related to internal parasite management (fecals, deworming)
8Number of producers who adopted Extension-recommended best management practices related to pasture management
9Number of producers who adopted Extension-recommended best management practices and production changes related to nutrition, ration balancing, mineral supplement, breeding, and reproduction
4Number of producers using improved biosecurity practices
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Our community development programs build strong and thriving communities.

Value* Outcome Description
25Number of adult participants acquiring the skills needed to serve as a volunteer
6Number of participants acquiring knowledge and skills to convene and lead inclusive groups
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
18653Dollar value of in-kind resources contributed by organizations or community
500Value of grants received by organizations, communities, or Extension where Extension was instrumental in initiating, facilitating, or providing technical assistant in the development of the grants to support community or economic development work
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Our 4-H youth development programs grow the skills young people need to succeed in life and career.

Value* Outcome Description
7Number of teachers trained in 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum
118Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
61Total number of female participants in STEM program
38Number of youth increasing knowledge of life skills
193Number of children/youth who improved knowledge of local food and agricultural systems.
15Number of youth increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
7Number of teachers using 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum in their classrooms
215Number of youth (students) gaining career / employability skills
78Number of youth using effective life skills
138Number of youth increasing their physical activity
138Number of youth increasing their fruit and vegetable consumption
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Our natural resource and environmental programs conserve our precious natural resources and maintain a clean and healthy environment.

Value* Outcome Description
5Number of participants willing to participate in conservation actions (such as rain gardens, wildlife management, conservation easements, land trusts, generational planning, etc.)
7Number of participants increasing their knowledge about best management practices (including storm water systems, septic system maintenance, erosion control, rain gardens, forestry, etc.)
7Number of adults demonstrating increased knowledge of natural resources and environmental issues
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
40Number of participants that adopted recommended agroecosystem adaption strategies for production agriculture or natural resource management, including for invasive species, pest management, pollutant loads, and wetlands.
1975Number of acres under recommended agroecosystem adaption strategies for production agriculture or natural resource management, including for invasive species, pest management, pollutant loads, and wetlands.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Our consumer horticulture programs teach families and communities about environmentally friendly methods for gardening and controlling pests.

Value* Outcome Description
21Number of individuals who gain knowledge or acquire skills related to vegetable/fruit gardening
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
99Number of individuals who grow food in community gardens.
99Number of individuals who begin home food production by starting a vegetable and/or fruit garden
27Number of participants who use extension-recommended best management practices in landscapes, turf, and gardens, including pest (insect, weed, disease, wildlife) and soil management
15Number of participants selecting appropriate landscape plants (adapted, drought tolerant, appropriate size, etc.)
16Number of participants growing food for home consumption
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Our food safety and nutrition programs create a safer and more sustainable food supply and improve the health and nutrition of individuals, families, and our communities.

Value* Outcome Description
35Number of participants who increase their knowledge of safe home food handling, preservation, or preparation practices
30Number of food handlers who increase their knowledge and skills in safe food handling practices
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

IV. Number of Contacts Made by Extension

Type of ContactNumber
Face-to-face* 11,471
Non face-to-face** 99,754
Total by Extension staff in 2019 111,225
* Face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make directly with individuals through one-on-one visits, meetings, and other activities where staff members work directly with individuals.
** Non face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make indirectly with individuals by telephone, email, newsletters, news articles, radio, television, and other means.

V. Designated Grants Received by Extension

Type of GrantAmount
Contracts/Grants $4,232.00
Gifts/Donations $24,510.00
In-Kind Grants/Donations $12,816.92
United Way/Foundations $0.00
User Fees $4,920.00
Total $46,478.92

VI. Volunteer Involvement in Extension Programs

Number of Volunteers* Number of Volunteer Hours Known client contacts by volunteers Dollar Value at 25.43
4-H 69 308 883 $ 7,832.00
EFNEP 36 216 748 $ 5,493.00
Extension Master Food Volunteers 22 135 444 $ 3,433.00
Other: Agriculture 67 737 431 $ 18,742.00
Total: 194 1396 2506 $ 35,500.00
* The number of volunteers reflects the overall number of volunteers for multiple events.

VII. Membership of Advisory Leadership System

Perquimans County Extension Advisory Council
Frank Heath
Beverly Gregory
Juanita Bailey
Dottie Wahlers
Cindy Alarcon-Rivera
Sue Mitchell
Burt Eure
Lewis Smith
Edward Winslow
Laurence Chappell
Jeff Williams
Michael Moore
Rena Eure
Faran Sawyer
Julie Roberts
Carla Bundy
James Bunch
Carmen Lopez
Dena Richardson
Lee Dail
Rick Morgan
Agricultural Advisory Committee
Michael Moore
Burt Eure
Lewis Smith
Edward Winslow
Jeff Williams
Laurence Chappell
Rena Eure
Livestock Advisory Committee
Fred Smith
Lewis Smith
Rick Morgan
Russell Cartwright
Craig McPherson
4-H Livestock Specialized Committee
Dena Richardson
Lee Dail
Buddy Meads
Caleb Cooper
Family and Consumer Science Advisory Committee
Juanita Bailey
Beverly Gregory
Cindy Alarcon-Rivera
Dottie Wahlers
Sue Mitchell
SHIIP Specialized Committee
Lisa Barker
Laura Alvarico
Beverly Gregory
4-H and Youth Advisory Committee
Faran Sawyer
Carla Bundy
Julie Roberts
Carmen Lopez
James Bunch
Elizabeth Riddick
Commercial Horticulture Advisory Committee
Louis Nixon
Jeff Smith
Lorne Wiggins
Greg Hughes
Fred Smith
Adam Bunch
Jasper Evans
Forestry Advisory Committee
Scott Sheets
Robbie Umplett
J.R. Rountree
Doug Wassum
James Caddy
Brian Saunders
Matt Lowe
Consumer Horticulture & Extension Master Gardener Advisory Committee
Nancy Dougherty
Jimmy Cochrane
Micki Levine
Linda Kruegel
Brenda Atkins
Carol Billek
Elaine Grosjean
Arlene Mackay
Nancy McGowan
Betty Onufrak
Kay Polizzano
Anne Standing
Aquaculture Advisory Committee
Jeremy McCargo
Aubry Onley, Jr.
Charles Weirich
Sterling Davenport
Doug Wassum
Gary Sawyer
Craig Perry
Stephen Jackson
Pete Anderson
Harry Daniels
Rob Mayo

VIII. Staff Membership

Jewel Winslow
Title: County Extension Director and Extension Agent, Family and Consumer Sciences
Phone: (252) 426-7697
Email: jewel_winslow@ncsu.edu

Nettie Baugher
Title: Area Agent, Agriculture - Commercial Horticulture
Phone: (252) 357-1400
Email: nettie_baugher@ncsu.edu

Patty Bowers
Title: EFNEP Educator, Extension Program Assistant
Phone: (252) 482-6585
Email: patty_bowers@ncsu.edu

Susan Chase
Title: Regional Nutrition Extension Associate - Northeast EFNEP and SNAP-Ed
Phone: (919) 827-2285
Email: susan_chase@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Job Description: Provides programmatic supervision to the EFNEP program in the Northeast District

Candice Christian
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Consumer and Retail Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9148
Email: cadescha@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: The overall goal of the Area Specialized Agents (ASAs) in Consumer & Retail Food Safety is to provide North Carolinians with technical food safety information and to support Family and Consumer Sciences agents in delivering timely and evidence-based food safety education and information to stakeholders.

Marti Day
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Dairy
Phone: (919) 542-8202
Email: marti_day@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Responsible for educational programs for dairy farmers, youth with an interest in dairy projects and the general public with an interest in dairy foods and the dairy industry.

Erin Eure
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Commercial Fruits and Vegetables
Phone: (252) 357-1400
Email: erin_eure@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides educational opportunities and technical support to commercial fruit and vegetable growers, agents, and industry in northeastern NC.

Steve Gabel
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Aquaculture
Phone: (252) 482-6585
Email: steve_gabel@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Responsible for aquaculture educational programs for the NC NE extension district.

Jared Harrell
Title: Area Agent, Agriculture - Livestock
Phone: (252) 426-5428
Email: jared_harrell@ncsu.edu

Marissa Herchler
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Animal Food Safety (FSMA Programs)
Phone: (919) 515-5396
Email: marissa_herchler@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marissa is an Area Specialized Agent for animal food safety, with emphasis on the new Food Safety Modernization Act rules, as they apply to feed mills in North Carolina. Please contact Marissa with any FSMA related questions, or PCQI training inquiries.

Lynette Johnston
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-0303
Email: lynette_johnston@ncsu.edu

Danny Lauderdale
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Ornamental Nursery and Greenhouse, Eastern Region
Phone: (252) 237-0111
Email: danny_lauderdale@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides programming to commercial ornamental nursery and greenhouse producers in eastern North Carolina.

Dylan Lilley
Title: Extension Agent, Agriculture - Field Crops
Phone: (252) 333-6601
Email: dtlille2@ncsu.edu

Lori McBryde
Title: Area 4-H Agent, East Region
Phone: (919) 989-5380
Email: lori_mcbryde@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provide support the Eastern 34 Counties of the Northeast and Southeast Districts in 4-H Youth Development.

Ashley Robbins
Title: Area Specialized Agent - Dairy
Phone: (919) 542-8203
Email: ashley_robbins@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marti Day and I are the Area Specialized Dairy Agents - the county-based arm of the Cooperative Extension Dairy Team. We are out here in the counties to help you set and reach your farm, family and business goals. We have collaborative expertise in the areas of Waste Management, Udder Health, Cow Comfort, Nutrition and Forage Management with specialties in (Ashley)Reproduction, Records Management, Animal Health and (Marti)Alternative Markets, Organic Dairy, Grazing Management, and On-farm Processing. We hope to provide comprehensive educational programs for our farmers, consumers and youth for every county across the state. We are here for you by phone, email or text and look forward to working with you!

Margaret Ross
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Poultry
Phone: (252) 670-8254
Email: margaret_ross@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Working with commercial poultry producers to assist in writing nutrient management plans and conducting educational programming.

Katy Shook
Title: Area Agent, Agriculture - Consumer Horticulture
Phone: (252) 482-6585
Email: katy_shook@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Chowan, Gates & Perquimans County Consumer Horticulture Agent & Extension Master Gardener Coordinator

Chip Simmons
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Food Safety
Phone: (919) 414-5632
Email: odsimmon@ncsu.edu

Teresa Story
Title: County Extension Administrative Assistant
Phone: (252) 426-5428
Email: teresa_story@ncsu.edu

Scott Tilley
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Grain
Phone: (252) 793-4428
Email: scott_tilley@ncsu.edu

Meredith Wood
Title: Extension Agent, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (252) 426-7697
Email: meredith_wood@ncsu.edu

Mitch Woodward
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Watersheds and Water Quality
Phone: (919) 414-3873
Email: mdwoodwa@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: NC Cooperative Extension's Goals include: - NC's natural resources and environmental quality will be protected, conserved and enhanced. - NC will have profitable, environmentally sustainable plant, animal and food systems. Protecting our environmental resources, particularly drinking water quality, is a top priority in NC. NC Cooperative Extension is a leader in teaching, researching, and accelerating the adoption of effective water quality protection practices.

IX. Contact Information

Perquimans County Center
601-A S Edenton Road St
Hertford, NC 27944

Phone: (252) 426-5428
Fax: (252) 426-1646
URL: http://perquimans.ces.ncsu.edu