2019 Person County Program Impact Report

Approved: January 30, 2020

I. Executive Summary

NC Cooperative Extension programming priorities in Person County include economic development, quality of life, maintaining profitable farms, locally grown foods, preservation of open space, strengthening families, nutrition, and empowering youth. These priorities are in direct alignment with the goals of Person County Government.

Commodity crop producers add over $41 million in direct sales of crops and livestock to the Person County economy. These producers have made improvements in the areas of variety selection, disease management, nutrient management, and marketing. Person County producers have increased their net income significantly by following best management practices that have increased yields and quality. An example of how programs impact agricultural operations is the Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) training for tobacco farmers. This training impacted over 5,100 acres in Person County with a potential yield value of over $26.5 million. A new potential of growing hemp has experienced problems with plants grown from seed. The problems include no uniformity in varieties, standardization within varieties, many "off" types, and male plants, which reduces the value of the crop. Extension is working to inform producers of seed issues that may reduce value and yields. With the help of many organizations, a hemp field tour was instituted to answer some of the questions of hemp seed production, seed to transplant growth, plus clone production. Issues of creating a standard on seed and clone production for certification were discussed. We had 120 producers participating who gained a great deal of knowledge.

Livestock operations are an important part of Person County Agriculture. NC Cooperative Extension provides information, education and assistance that producers use to improve their operations and enhance their quality of life. Programming has been focused on production areas such as herd/flock health, nutrition, marketing options, and forage quality. Extension Agents worked closely with Forages by teaching classes, field days and tours with the help of out of state speakers. Some producers indicated that they increased their understanding of the topics. Ninety- one percent checked "very satisfied” and just a few indicated the total dollar figure adds up to $17,550.

A main priority of Person County is programming for youth and families. The youth advisory council wanted us to continue our educational efforts regarding the issue of child obesity and nutrition. In North Carolina, 2nd graders are required to learn about the life cycle. Person County 4-H programs helped teachers with this concept by providing the curriculum and materials to teach the life cycle through the use of the 4-H embryology curriculum. One hundred- and seventy-three-Person County youth participated in these programs with teacher's reported that 100% of their students gained knowledge in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math. 4-H special interest programs are continuing to grow, including showing livestock, robotics, and regional program like Adventures in Aggieland which including team building, GPS mapping, laser cutting, escape rooms, and entrepreneurship.

Youth at Risk programming includes the Youth Enrichment Service (YES) program YES is supported by grant funding from the NC Department of Juvenile Justice. Youth assigned to the program complete community service, complete employment skills training, and learn life skills.

The latest community health assessment points to chronic disease and nutrition being areas identified as areas of concern for Person County residents. As a result, the FCS Agent worked with the Person County Health Department to provide diabetes prevention training programs. Food safety education was provided for the food service industry and home food preservers. The Safe Plates program developed at NC State was taught to food service workers to help them meet certification standards.

Volunteers contributed over 11,000 hours of their time to NC Cooperative Extension. This is valued at over $280,000. Additional funding from grants and contributions to support programming totaled $93,029.

II. County Background

Person County is located in North Central North Carolina, bordering the state of Virginia and the counties of Granville, Caswell, Orange, and Durham. US 501 is the main north/south transportation route, with US 158 being the major east-west highway. Population centers include Roxboro, Timberlake, and Hurdle Mills. The 2016 county population estimate was 39,284, made up of 70.1% white, 26.9 % African-American and 4.2% Latino or Hispanic. The unemployment rate in December, 2017, was 4.7%.

Person County is a rural county and agriculture is important to its economy. Recent data from North Carolina State University shows the economic impact of value-added agriculture and forestry to be over $90.7 million. Employment in agriculture and agri-business represents 11.2% of all county employment. Agricultural cash receipts totaled over $41 million in 2017, with the majority (73%) of the agricultural income in the county coming from commodity crop production. Livestock production continues to grow, also providing farm cash receipts totaling over $8.4 million annually.

The Extension Advisory Council, Specialized Committees, Extension Community Association members, advisory groups, governmental agencies, volunteers, and residents worked with Extension Staff to identify problems facing Person County residents and to set priorities for Extension programs. Issues that emerged included Profitable and Sustainable Crop and Livestock Production Systems, Local Food Systems, Safety and Security of Food and Farm Systems, Leadership Development, Volunteer Readiness, School to Career, Natural Resources Conservation, and Healthy Eating, Physical activity, and Chronic Disease Risk Reduction. These are compatible with the Person County goals of Encouraging Learning for Life and Life-Long Learning, Fostering a Sense of Community, Developing the New Economy Locally, Protecting Our Land, and Re-Imagining Our County for A Better Future.

The Extension Service will continue its mission to provide the latest technical information to livestock and crop producers, with the focus on increasing farm profitability while protecting the environment. Extension staff is working with county government and other agencies to implement the recently adopted Farmland Preservation Plan, which will contribute to Person County's economic development by identifying important agricultural regions of the county and recognizing areas for industrial growth and development.

Family and Consumer Science efforts will focus on strengthening and sustaining families, with major emphasis placed on foods, food safety, building healthy families, and helping families cope with tough economic times. Programming will highlight healthy lifestyles with regard to food choices, food safety through programs such as "Safe Plates", and increasing physical activity.

The 4-H program will provide emphasis on wholesome activities for youth, including 4-H Clubs, after-school programs and special interest opportunities. Efforts will be made in expanding opportunities for youth leadership development, especially for young and older teens serving as mentors and leaders for the younger 4-H audience.

Programming targeting "youth at risk" will help decrease the number of substance abusers and school dropouts. Statistics show that youth from a single parent home or youth that live in certain neighborhoods have a greater chance of winding up in our justice system. By providing these at-risk youth special attention and intervention, some will become productive members of the community.

III. Objectives to Address the Cooperative Extension Long Range Plan

Our plant production programs improve production, profitability, and sustainability of the agriculture sector.

Value* Outcome Description
510Number of producers who gain skills or knowledge to increase production for local markets.
10Number of producers who improve local food marketing skills or knowledge.
562Number of pesticide applicators receiving continuing education credits
1624Number of pesticide credit hours provided
572Number of crop (all plant systems) producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
18Number of Extension initiated and controlled county demonstration test sites
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
102Number of producers who diversified their marketing strategies into local markets (direct, intermediated/food service, institutional).
7Number of producers (and other members of the local food supply chain) who have increased revenue
12Number of new farms (beginning farmers) selling into local markets for local consumption (in this reporting period)
100Number of producers reporting reduction in fertilizer used per acre
2500Number of acres in conservation tillage or other Best Management Practice
507Number of crop (all plant systems) producers adopting best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Our animal production programs improve production, profitability, and sustainability of the agriculture sector.

Value* Outcome Description
5Number of producers who improve local food marketing skills or knowledge.
67Number of producers who gain skills or knowledge to increase production for local markets.
118Number of animal producers who increased knowledge of farm business management, business planning, financial management, marketing, or estate planning.
196Number of animal producers who learned how to develop a management plan (i.e. grazing plan, feeding plan, drought plan, business plan, disaster plan, etc.)
222Number of producers who increased knowledge of pasture/forage management practices (field improvement, herbicide management, grazing season extension, weed control, forage quality, haylage production, nitrate testing, etc.)
199Number of producers who increased knowledge of nutrition, ration balancing, mineral supplements, breeding, and reproduction
56Number of producers who increased knowledge of the strategies to promote animal health and welfare and reduce the potential for infectious diseases through proper use of vaccines, biosecurity, detection and identification of common diseases, appropriate use of animal medications, and mitigation of antimicrobial resistance transmission
6Number of producers who increased knowledge of animal waste management practices
6Number of animal waste management credits earned through Extension programs
3Number of Extension conducted on-site sludge surveys or equipment calibrations
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
62Number of producers who diversified their marketing strategies into local markets (direct, intermediated/food service, institutional).
206Number of producers (and other members of the local food supply chain) who have increased revenue
65Number of producers adopting extension-recommended practices related to planning, marketing, and financial management
10Number of producers implementing Extension-recommended best management practices for animal waste management
800Number of acres where Extension-recommended nutrient applications were used
5Number of producers who adopted Extension-recommended best management practices and production changes related to quality assurance (vaccinations, castration, culling techniques, etc.)
5Number of producers who adopted Extension-recommended best management practices and production changes related to genetic improvement (AI, heifer/bull selection)
166Number of producers who adopted Extension-recommended best management practices and production changes related to nutrition (mineral, feed rations)
67Number of producers who adopted Extension-recommended best management practices and production changes related to internal parasite management (fecals, deworming)
206Number of producers who adopted Extension-recommended best management practices related to pasture management
180Number of producers who adopted Extension-recommended best management practices and production changes related to nutrition, ration balancing, mineral supplement, breeding, and reproduction
3Number of waste utilization/waste management plans developed or updated
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Our community development programs build strong and thriving communities.

Value* Outcome Description
57Number of participants who improved knowledge of local food and agricultural systems
32Number of participants who developed new jobs skills
38Number of adult participants acquiring the skills needed to serve as a volunteer
30Number of participants acquiring knowledge and skills to convene and lead inclusive groups
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Our 4-H youth development programs grow the skills young people need to succeed in life and career.

Value* Outcome Description
3Number of teachers trained in 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum
544Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
275Total number of female participants in STEM program
54Number of high school age youth (students) participating as members of 4-H clubs
94Number of youth increasing knowledge of life skills
452Number of children/youth who improved knowledge of local food and agricultural systems.
36Number of youth increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
11Number of teachers using 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum in their classrooms
93Number of youth (students) gaining career / employability skills
94Number of youth using effective life skills
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Our consumer horticulture programs teach families and communities about environmentally friendly methods for gardening and controlling pests.

Value* Outcome Description
7Number of individuals who gain knowledge or acquire skills related to vegetable/fruit gardening
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
14Number of participants who use extension-recommended best management practices in landscapes, turf, and gardens, including pest (insect, weed, disease, wildlife) and soil management
5Number of participants selecting appropriate landscape plants (adapted, drought tolerant, appropriate size, etc.)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Our food safety and nutrition programs create a safer and more sustainable food supply and improve the health and nutrition of individuals, families, and our communities.

Value* Outcome Description
50Number of participants who increase their knowledge of safe home food handling, preservation, or preparation practices
32Number of food handlers who increase their knowledge and skills in safe food handling practices
40Number of individuals who learn how to prepare local foods, including through use of home food preservation techniques.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
5Number of new and existing access points for consumers that expand or improve their offering of local fruits and vegetables. Access points include farmers markets, retail stores, school food programs, community gardens, institutions other than schools (e.g. hospitals, universities, etc.), and other systems/access points not noted (e.g. restaurants, etc.).
20Number of participants developing food safety plans
150Number of adults increasing their fruit and vegetables consumption
160Number of participants increasing their physical activity
100Number of pounds of local food donated for consumption by vulnerable populations
135Number of participants who consume less sodium in their diet
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

IV. Number of Contacts Made by Extension

Type of ContactNumber
Face-to-face* 10,437
Non face-to-face** 1,256,799
Total by Extension staff in 2019 1,267,236
* Face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make directly with individuals through one-on-one visits, meetings, and other activities where staff members work directly with individuals.
** Non face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make indirectly with individuals by telephone, email, newsletters, news articles, radio, television, and other means.

V. Designated Grants Received by Extension

Type of GrantAmount
Contracts/Grants $68,423.00
Gifts/Donations $7,875.00
In-Kind Grants/Donations $3,545.45
United Way/Foundations $2,995.06
User Fees $12,182.00
Total $95,020.51

VI. Volunteer Involvement in Extension Programs

Number of Volunteers* Number of Volunteer Hours Known client contacts by volunteers Dollar Value at 25.43
4-H 106 536 20 $ 13,630.00
Advisory Leadership System 82 8 103 $ 203.00
Extension Community Association 25 9346 15862 $ 237,669.00
Extension Master Gardener 6 228 0 $ 5,798.00
Extension Master Food Volunteers 4 786 4864 $ 19,988.00
Other: Agriculture 48 114 700 $ 2,899.00
Total: 271 11018 21549 $ 280,188.00
* The number of volunteers reflects the overall number of volunteers for multiple events.

VII. Membership of Advisory Leadership System

Advisory Council
Ray Jeffers
H. Earl Brooks, Jr.
Froncello Bumpass
Alisa Clayton
LeighAnn Creson
Foy Harrell
Joan Long
Johnny Rogers
Alberta Stamps
Bruce Whitfield
Jack Pleasant
Chuck Gentry
Barry Foushee
Naomi Johnson
Olivia Bottoms
Marty Smith - SAC Representative
Youth Advisory Committee
Ray Jeffers
Larry Mayfield
Froncello Bumpass
Capt. Jason Wilborn
Foy Harrell
LaBryan Street
Extension and Community Association Council
Corlis Green
Lori Browning
Dorothy Wagstaff
Linda Bailey
Joan Long
Gloria Jones
Nannie Smith
Foy Harrell
Betty Jean Mangum
Naomi Johnson
Evelyn Clayton
Chronic Disease Action Team
Beverly Murphy
Keith Herl
Annie Graham
Nikole Schukraft
Kim Morgan
Jennifer Daye
Paola Stone
LeighAnn Creson
Agricultural Specialized Committee
Johnny Rogers
Mickey Clayton
Anthony Bradsher
Cal Berryhill
Grace Mattson
Bruce Whitfield
Coleman Whitfield
Roy Brooks
Mark Paylor
Jack Pleasant
Jimmy Thomas
Alan Williams

VIII. Staff Membership

Bo Freeman
Title: County Extension Director
Phone: (336) 599-1195
Email: lrfreem3@ncsu.edu

Jonas Asbill
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Livestock - Poultry
Phone: (336) 318-6000
Email: jonas_asbill@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Serving the poultry industry across 20 counties in the North Central and Northeast districts

Jennifer Brown
Title: Area Agent, Family and Consumer Sciences
Phone: (336) 599-1195
Email: jennifer.brown@ncsu.edu

Johnny Coley
Title: Agriculture Agent - Consumer and Commercial Horticulture
Phone: (919) 603-1350
Email: johnny_coley@ncsu.edu

Gary Cross
Title: Area Agent, Agriculture - Field Crops
Phone: (919) 603-1350
Email: gary_cross@ncsu.edu

Marti Day
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Dairy
Phone: (919) 542-8202
Email: marti_day@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Responsible for educational programs for dairy farmers, youth with an interest in dairy projects and the general public with an interest in dairy foods and the dairy industry.

Erin Eure
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Commercial Fruits and Vegetables
Phone: (252) 357-1400
Email: erin_eure@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides educational opportunities and technical support to commercial fruit and vegetable growers, agents, and industry in northeastern NC.

Debbie Harrelson
Title: County Extension Administrative Assistant
Phone: (336) 599-1195
Email: debbie_harrelson@ncsu.edu

Marissa Herchler
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Animal Food Safety (FSMA Programs)
Phone: (919) 515-5396
Email: marissa_herchler@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marissa is an Area Specialized Agent for animal food safety, with emphasis on the new Food Safety Modernization Act rules, as they apply to feed mills in North Carolina. Please contact Marissa with any FSMA related questions, or PCQI training inquiries.

Lynette Johnston
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-0303
Email: lynette_johnston@ncsu.edu

Stacey Jones
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Commercial Nursery and Greenhouse
Phone: (704) 920-3310
Email: stacey_jones@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: I work with commercial greenhouses and nurseries to help them with growing related issues. These issues range from pests (insect, disease, and weeds), substrates, nutrition, and other miscellaneous topics.

Peggie Lewis Joyce
Title: Area 4-H Agent - Central Region
Phone: (336) 242-2080
Email: peggie_lewis@ncsu.edu

Ashley Robbins
Title: Area Specialized Agent - Dairy
Phone: (919) 542-8203
Email: ashley_robbins@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marti Day and I are the Area Specialized Dairy Agents - the county-based arm of the Cooperative Extension Dairy Team. We are out here in the counties to help you set and reach your farm, family and business goals. We have collaborative expertise in the areas of Waste Management, Udder Health, Cow Comfort, Nutrition and Forage Management with specialties in (Ashley)Reproduction, Records Management, Animal Health and (Marti)Alternative Markets, Organic Dairy, Grazing Management, and On-farm Processing. We hope to provide comprehensive educational programs for our farmers, consumers and youth for every county across the state. We are here for you by phone, email or text and look forward to working with you!

Chip Simmons
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Food Safety
Phone: (919) 414-5632
Email: odsimmon@ncsu.edu

Debbie Stroud
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Consumer and Retail Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9149
Email: dlstroud@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Area Specialized Agents in Consumer and Retail Food Safety help to ensure that Family and Consumer Sciences (FCS) Agents have access to timely, evidence-based food safety information. This is accomplished by (1) working with FCS Agents in their counties, (2) developing food safety materials and (3) planning and implementing a NC Safe Plates Food Safety Info Center.

Michelle Van Ness
Title: Extension Agent, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (336) 599-1195
Email: michelle_vanness@ncsu.edu

Kim Woods
Title: Area Agent, Agriculture - Animal Science
Phone: (336) 599-1195
Email: kim_woods@ncsu.edu

Mitch Woodward
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Watersheds and Water Quality
Phone: (919) 414-3873
Email: mdwoodwa@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: NC Cooperative Extension's Goals include: - NC's natural resources and environmental quality will be protected, conserved and enhanced. - NC will have profitable, environmentally sustainable plant, animal and food systems. Protecting our environmental resources, particularly drinking water quality, is a top priority in NC. NC Cooperative Extension is a leader in teaching, researching, and accelerating the adoption of effective water quality protection practices.

Vicky Yeatts
Title: Community Service and Restitution Coordinator
Phone: (336) 599-1195
Email: vicky_yeatts@ncsu.edu

IX. Contact Information

Person County Center
304 S Morgan St
Room 123
Roxboro, NC 27573

Phone: (336) 599-1195
Fax: (336) 598-0272
URL: http://person.ces.ncsu.edu