2017 Pitt County Program Impact Report

Approved: January 21, 2018

I. Executive Summary

North Carolina Cooperative Extension’s team works to meet the needs of Pitt County, a diverse and changing community. With over 171,000 acres of farmland, Pitt is thirteenth among North Carolina’s counties in the value of its agricultural products. Ranked eleventh in hogs and eighth or higher in production of tobacco, cotton, soybeans, peanuts and wheat, Pitt is North Carolina’s fourteenth most populated county. According to Feeding America’s 2015 study, Pitt County has over 36,000 food insecure residents of which 8,000 have an income too high to qualify for many food assistance programs. The North Carolina County Health Rankings report that Pitt was fifty-ninth in health outcomes. Pitt County has an impressive agriculture base and a growing population pressuring this historically rural community to meet changing needs.

Cooperative Extension in Pitt County has 1 1/3 Extension agent positions focused on livestock and field crop education and support. Their efforts impacted 170 crop producers who implemented best management practices and realized a net income gain of $430,000. There were 178 field crop producers who increased their dollar per acre return. Sixty-two livestock producers implemented best practices and increased their net income by $206,845. Extension assisted crop and livestock producers implementing practices that positively impact natural resources: twenty-four acres were added to conservation tillage; 135 producers reduced fertilizer per acre; ten livestock producers implemented best practices with animal waste management. One hundred twenty-one tons of organic livestock by-products were used; using livestock byproducts instead of synthetic fertilizer saved $35,000. Forty-two producers earned or maintained waste management certificates.

Cooperative Extension in Pitt County has 1 Extension agent focused on consumer and commercial horticulture. The agent impacted 500 participants who implemented best practice recommendations. Participants saved $430,000 by adopting best practices in horticulture techniques, water management, and pest management. Choosing the appropriate landscaping plants saved consumers $65,000. This agent manages the Master Gardener Volunteers who maintain the Pitt County Arboretum and provide educational programming throughout the county – volunteer hours valued at over $85,000.

In conjunction with the horticulture agent, the Extension Director, the community garden coordinator and the local food coordinator (both part time and grant funded) support efforts in horticulture and local food system programming and development. Their combined efforts impacted 772 youth and 559 adults with an increase in agricultural knowledge. One hundred four producers gained knowledge to increase production, and 161 adults grew food in a community garden donating almost 12,772 pounds of produce to people in need. Three hundred fifty-one students participated in a school garden. The Pitt County Farm and Food Council was established with community partners and recognized by the Pitt County Board of County Commissioners. They held three public forums in the county and continued to host monthly education events on food system topics.

Cooperative Extension has 1 Extension agent and 1 program assistant focused on the 4-H Youth Development Program. Their work focused on STEM (science, technology, engineering and math) education for youth. There was an increase in students attending 4-H Congress (13) and those completing project records (41). Twelve students won county and district competitions to present at the state level. Ten 4-H clubs were maintained and two added in 2017. 4-H Day Camp activities served 175 youth. There were 825 volunteers serving youth through 4-H.

Cooperative Extension has 2 program assistants educating children and parents of young children about nutrition, physical activity and resource management through EFNEP (Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program). Fifty-three participants increased their fruit and vegetable consumption, and thirty-six increased their physical activity.

Cooperative Extension offers leadership training and volunteer opportunities to youth and adults. As a result, Cooperative Extension impacts the community beyond the reach of the Extension staff. Through Cooperative Extension, 1374 volunteers gave 19,930 hours of service to Pitt County which is valued at $481,110. Volunteers served as 4-H volunteers, Extension and Community Association volunteers, Extension Master Gardeners, Tar River Beekeepers, Making Pitt Fit Community Garden volunteers, the Pitt County Farm and Food Council and Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program volunteers.

II. County Background

With a rich agriculture history, Pitt County is a now a mostly urban county. While thirteenth in state for the value of agriculture products ($215 million), it is also the thirteenth most populated county. There are ten incorporated municipalities. Greenville is home to Vidant Medical Center and East Carolina University, the third largest and fastest growing university statewide. Pitt County has the largest concentration of population and industry in north eastern North Carolina. Over one-half million people live within a 45-mile radius of the county.

Currently, there are 171,821 acres of farmland; the average farm has 439 acres. Pitt is in the top eight North Carolina counties for production of tobacco, cotton, soybeans, and wheat. Pitt is eleventh in hog and pig production. Of the $215 million in agriculture market value, 52% is attributed to crops and 48% to livestock. Vegetable production is valued at approximately $1.8 million.

There are growing pressures on rural land for development. In addition, a growing and diverse urban population has demands for an increase in healthy food. Approximately 21% of county residents experience food insecurity, and of those 23% are above the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program guidelines.

Key leaders of Pitt County and customers of the Pitt County Extension program were involved in the process of identifying the top issues and needs of the county. Conversations, focus groups and evaluations from stakeholders were the primary methods used to identify issues impacting the county's quality of life. The following focus areas were identified:

* Agriculture Productivity and Sustainability including traditional row crops, produce, livestock and the green industry
* Environmental Stewardship
* Youth Leadership Development
* STEM Education
* Nutrition Education
* Local Food Systems and Food Insecurity

NC Cooperative Extension in Pitt County is addressing these areas through our programming in 4-H Youth Development, Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program, and Agriculture. Our work in community gardens, arboretum education and the Pitt County Farm and Food Council are important to meeting these areas of need.

III. Objectives to Address the Cooperative Extension Long Range Plan

North Carolina's plant production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.

Value* Outcome Description
194Number of crop (all plant systems) producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
4Number of Extension initiated and controlled County demonstration test sites (new required for GLF/PSI reporting)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
170Number of crop (all plant systems) producers adopting best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
430000Net income gains realized by the adoption of best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
178Number of producers reporting increased dollar returns per acre or reduced costs per acre
135Number of producers reporting reduction in fertilizer used per acre
24Number of acres in conservation tillage or other Best Management Practice
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

North Carolina's animal production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.

Value* Outcome Description
128Number of animal producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
62Number of animal producers adopting Extension-recommended best management practices, including those practices related to husbandry, improved planning, marketing, and financial practices
206845Net income gains by producers adopting Extension-recommended best management practices, including those practices related to husbandry, improved planning, marketing, and financial practices
10Number of animal producers implementing Extension-recommended best management practices for animal waste management
121Tons of livestock organic by-products utilized (nutrients from waste, compost, etc)
35000Net income gain by using livestock organic by-products instead of synthetic fertilizers
42Number of waste management certifications gained or maintained due to Extension education efforts
681Number of acres where Extension-recommended waste analysis was used for proper land application
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Producers will increase sales of food locally to more agriculturally aware consumers through market development, producer and consumer education, and new farmer and infrastructure support.

Value* Outcome Description
104Number of producers who gain skills or knowledge to increase production for local markets.
559Number of adults (including producers, food business owners, etc.) who improved knowledge of local food and agricultural systems.
772Number of children/youth who improved knowledge of local food and agricultural systems.
672Number of individuals who gain knowledge or acquire skills related to vegetable/fruit gardening, and if also reporting under Urban and Consumer Agriculture Objective, divide up the reported number appropriately between the two objectives to avoid duplication.
109Number of producers who improve local food marketing skills or knowledge.
15Number of individuals who learn how to prepare local foods, including through use of home food preservation techniques.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
1Number of new and existing access points for consumers that expand or improve their offering of local fruits and vegetables. Access points include farmers markets, retail stores, school food programs, community gardens, institutions other than schools (e.g. hospitals, universities, etc.), and other systems/access points not noted (e.g. restaurants, etc.).
54Number of producers selling their agricultural products to local markets (direct, intermediated/food service, institutional) for consumption in NC.
3Number of producers who diversified their marketing strategies into local markets (direct, intermediated/food service, institutional).
8000Gross sales of local foods by producers. (Increase in gross sales to be calculated at the state level.)
15Number of producers (and other members of the local food supply chain) who have increased revenue.
17Number of new farms (beginning farmers) selling into local markets for local consumption (in this reporting period).
161Number of individuals who grow food in community gardens.
12772Number of pounds of local foods donated for consumption by vulnerable populations.
351Number of youth who grow food in school gardens.
74Number of individuals who begin home food production by starting a vegetable and/or fruit garden, and if also reporting under Urban and Consumer Horticulture Objective, divide up the reported number appropriately between the two objectives to avoid duplication.
5Number of individuals who begin home food production by starting to raise backyard livestock.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Agricultural producers, workers, food handlers and consumers will adopt safer food and agricultural production, handling, and distribution practices that reduce workplace and home injuries/illnesses, enhance food security, and increase the quality and safety of food that North Carolinians prepare and consume.

Value* Outcome Description
47Number of commercial/public operators trained
21Number of pesticide application credit hours provided
4Number of persons certified in Pork Quality Assurance (PQA) or Beef Quality Assurance (BQA)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
1Number of farms certified as a Certified Safe Farm
1Number of farms that made safety improvements following a CSF on-farm safety review
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Individuals and groups will acquire leadership and decision making capacities needed to guide and actively participate in local and state organizations.

Value* Outcome Description
60Number of adults increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
70Number of adults assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
293Number of youth increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
293Number of youth assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
60Number of adults increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
78Number of adults assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
293Number of youth increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
53Number of youth assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Youth and adults will address community issues and/or challenges through volunteerism.

Value* Outcome Description
100Number of adult participants acquiring the skills needed to serve as a volunteer
50Number of youth participants reporting aspirations to serve in new or expanded volunteer roles in community
42Number of adult participants reporting aspirations to serve in new or expanded volunteer roles in community
110Number of hours adult volunteer training conducted
60Number of hours youth volunteer training conducted
27Number new volunteers recruited
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
40Increased number of hours contributed by trained youth volunteers
120Increased number of hours contributed by trained adult volunteers
8Number of youth volunteers serving in new or expanded roles within Extension
72Number of adult volunteers serving in new or expanded roles within Extension
5Number of youth volunteers serving in new or expanded roles beyond Extension, including community boards and task forces
5Number of adult volunteers serving in new or expanded roles beyond Extension, including community boards and task forces
35Number of youth volunteers recruiting and/or training new volunteers
30Number of adult volunteers recruiting and/or training new volunteers
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Futures that Work: School to Career Pathways

Value* Outcome Description
15Number of teachers trained in 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum
725Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
405Total number of female participants in STEM program
73Number of high school age youth (students) participating as members of 4-H clubs
200Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge of career/employability skills
60Number of adults increasing knowledge of career/employability skills
200Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge of entrepreneurship
60Number of adults increasing knowledge of entrepreneurship
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
25Number of teachers using 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum in their classrooms
725Number of youth (students) gaining knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
55Number of youth (students) gaining career / employability skills
25Number of adults gaining career / employability skills
60Number of youth (students) gaining entrepreneurship skills
25Number of adults gaining entrepreneurship skills
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

North Carolinians will make decisions and adopt practices that implement effective resource protection and conservation.

Consumers and communities will enhance the value of plants, animals, and landscapes while conserving valuable natural resources and protecting the environment.

Value* Outcome Description
577Number of participants improving knowledge, attitude, skills and aspirations regarding gardening and landscape practices including plant selection and placement, turfgrass management, soil management, growing food, water conservation and water quality preservation, storm water and erosion management, green waste management, pest and wildlife management
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
500Number of participants who use extension-recommended best management practices in landscapes, turf, and gardens, including pest (insect, weed, disease) management, fertility management, water conservation, water quality preservation and pruning techniques
430000Total cost savings from the use of extension-recommended best management practices in landscapes, turf, and gardens, including pest (insect, weed, disease) management, fertility management, water conservation, water quality preservation and pruning techniques
250Number of participants who use extension-recommended pest management practices in homes, public facilities, businesses or in community pest management programs
80000Cost savings from using extension-recommended pest management practices in homes, public facilities, businesses or in community pest management programs
101Number of participants selecting appropriate landscape plants (adapted, drought tolerant, appropriate size, etc.)
65000Cost savings from the appropriate selection of landscape plants
34Number of participants adopting composting
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Youth and adult program participants will make healthy food choices, achieve the recommended amount of physical activity and reduce risk factors for chronic diseases.

Value* Impact Description
53Number of adults increasing their fruit and vegetables consumption
36Number of participants increasing their physical activity
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

IV. Number of Contacts Made by Extension

Type of ContactNumber
Face-to-face* 12,767
Non face-to-face** 10,458
Total by Extension staff in 2017 23,225
* Face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make directly with individuals through one-on-one visits, meetings, and other activities where staff members work directly with individuals.
** Non face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make indirectly with individuals by telephone, email, newsletters, news articles, radio, television, and other means.

V. Designated Grants Received by Extension

Type of GrantAmount
Contracts/Grants $98,500.00
Gifts/Donations $20,236.36
In-Kind Grants/Donations $0.00
United Way/Foundations $0.00
User Fees $20,512.80
Total $139,249.16

VI. Volunteer Involvement in Extension Programs

Number of Volunteers* Number of Volunteer Hours Known client contacts by volunteers Dollar Value at 24.69
4-H: 825 4,206 678 $ 103,846.00
Advisory Leadership System: 12 20 100 $ 494.00
Extension Community Association: 17 10,799 0 $ 266,627.00
Extension Master Gardener: 65 3,531 454 $ 87,180.00
Other: 455 1,374 89 $ 33,924.00
Total: 1374 19930 1321 $ 492,072.00
* The number of volunteers reflects the overall number of volunteers for multiple events.

VII. Membership of Advisory Leadership System

Pitt County Advisory Council
Jackie Sugg
Juvencio Rocha Peralta
Lena Darden
Alice Keene
Kahla Hall
Robin Tant
Juanita Nobles
Steve Sutton
James Rhodes




Tobacco Advisory Committee
L.F. Worthington
Lawrence Davenport
Gordon Johnson


4-H County Advisory Council
Jennifer Christensen
Vicki Bergstedt
Mildred Council
Tammy Moore
Jessica Henderson
Caroline Davenport
Jerry Flanagan
Heidi Kitrell
Leigh Lawrence
Miriam Lewis
Tracy Stead
David Ward
Allison Wasklewicz
Trish Douglas
Jo Ann Harkley
Melinda Fagundus
Amy Stevenson
Mandy Waugh
Lisa Martin
Dorothy Suedbeck
4-H County Council
Hannah Cooke
Cassandra Suedbeck
Marisa Suedbeck
Sarah Cooke
Commercial Horticulture/Landscape Advisory Committee
Glenn Bright
Tod Williams
Kevin Heifferon
John Gill
Steven Jones
Andrea Pike
David Rouse
Mike Skinner
Ken Stillwell
Mike Worthington
Tod Worthington
Consumer Horticulture and Arboretum Advisory Committee
Rosanne Davis
Jeannette Debs
Doug Grimes
Ann Hamze
Joanne Kollar
Blythe Tennent
John Weber
Holly Wilson



Joanne Kollar
Lynne Maclaga
Pam Mastin
Vicki Morris
Jack Overton
Susan Purcell
Teresa Surratt
Carol Taylor
Martha Watson
Maxyne Weaver
Livestock Advisory Committee
Jerry Flanagan
Allen Corbitt
Chad Smith
Greg Foster
Billy Lewis
June Haddock
Chris Cox
Channing Armstrong


Youth Livestock Advisory Committee
Miriam Lewis
Brittany Roy
Jessica Henderson
Justin Lawrence
Will Hargett
Danielle Henderson
Kim Gaylord
Chris Stancil
Maureen Grady
Feedgrains and Cotton Advisory Committee
Robert Cannon
Clevie Averette
David Sawyer
Carl Briley
Tim Whitehurst
Taylor Barnhill
Edward Lee
Allen Warren
Henry Bunn
Steve Sutton
Greg James
Will Congleton
Peanut Advisory Committee
Charles Tucker
Charles Rogister
Lawrence Davenport
Tod Sugg
Carl Crawford
Bee Keeping Advisory Committee
Jerry Flanagan
Kristen Lewis
Dale Aycock
Shelly Cooper
Tim Siders
Murdock Butler
Lester Poppe
Farmers Market
Bobby Yates
Mike Skinner
Wilbert Futrell

VIII. Staff Membership

Leigh Guth
Title: County Extension Director
Phone: (252) 902-1700
Email: Leigh_Guth@ncsu.edu

Taneisha Armstrong
Title: EFNEP Educator, Extension Program Assistant
Phone: (252) 902-1700
Email: taneisha_armstrong@ncsu.edu

Marian Booth
Title: 4-H Program Associate
Phone: (252) 902-1711
Email: marian_booth@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marian's responsibility is teaching life skills for youth programming.

Andy Burlingham
Title: Extension Agent, Agriculture - Livestock
Phone: (252) 902-1703
Email: andy_burlingham@ncsu.edu

Susan Chase
Title: Regional Nutrition Extension Associate - Northeast EFNEP and SNAP-Ed
Phone: (252) 902-1700
Email: susan_chase@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Job Description: Provides programmatic supervision to the EFNEP program in the Northeast District

Candice Christian
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Consumer & Retail Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9148
Email: Candice_Christian@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: The overall goal of the Area Specialized Agents (ASAs) in Consumer & Retail Food Safety is to support FCS Agents in delivering timely and evidence-based food safety education and information to stakeholders in North Carolina.

Lauren Dail
Title: Extension Agent, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (252) 902-1712
Email: lsdail2@ncsu.edu

Eric Derstine
Title: Extension Agent, Agriculture - Horticulture
Phone: (252) 902-1701
Email: eric_derstine@ncsu.edu

Erin Eure
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Commercial Fruits & Vegetables
Phone: (252) 357-1400
Email: erin_eure@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides educational opportunities and technical support to commercial fruit and vegetable growers, agents, and industry in northeastern NC.

Steve Gabel
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Aquaculture
Phone: (252) 482-6585
Email: steve_gabel@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Responsible for aquaculture educational programs for the NC NE extension district.

Lance Grimes
Title: Extension Agent, Agriculture
Phone: (252) 789-4370
Email: lance_grimes@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Job responsibilities include: All field crops and pesticide education.

Marissa Herchler
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Animal Food Safety (FSMA Programs)
Phone: (919) 515-5396
Email: marissa_herchler@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marissa is an Area Specialized Agent for animal food safety, with emphasis on the new Food Safety Modernization Act rules, as they apply to feed mills in North Carolina. Please contact Marissa with any FSMA related questions, or PCQI training inquiries.

Lynette Johnston
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-0303
Email: lynette_johnston@ncsu.edu

Colby Lambert
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Forestry
Phone: (910) 814-6041
Email: colby_lambert@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides educational opportunities and technical support to forest landowners, agents, and forest industry in eastern North Carolina.

Danny Lauderdale
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Nursery and Greenhouse, Eastern Region
Phone: (252) 237-0111
Email: danny_lauderdale@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides programming to commercial ornamental nursery and greenhouse producers in eastern North Carolina.

Bill Lord
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Water Resources
Phone: (919) 496-3344
Email: william_lord@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Water quality education and technical assistance

Brigitte Perry
Title: County Extension Administrative Assistant
Phone: (252) 902-1709
Email: brperry@ncsu.edu

Margaret Ross
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Poultry
Phone: (252) 670-8254
Email: margaret_ross@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Working with commercial poultry producers to assist in writing nutrient management plans and conducting educational programming.

Chip Simmons
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Food Safety
Phone: (919) 414-5632
Email: odsimmon@ncsu.edu

Scott Tilley
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Field Crops
Phone: (252) 793-4428
Email: scott_tilley@ncsu.edu

Joni Torres
Title: Community Garden Technician, Agriculture - Community Garden
Phone: (252) 902-1756
Email: joni_torres@ncsu.edu

Mitch Woodward
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Watersheds and Water Quality
Phone: (919) 250-1112
Email: mdwoodwa@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: NC Cooperative Extension's Goals include: - NC's natural resources and environmental quality will be protected, conserved and enhanced. - NC will have profitable, environmentally sustainable plant, animal and food systems. Protecting our environmental resources, particularly drinking water quality, is a top priority in NC. NC Cooperative Extension is a leader in teaching, researching, and accelerating the adoption of effective water quality protection practices.

IX. Contact Information

Pitt County Center
403 Government Cir
Suite 2
Greenville, NC 27834

Phone: (252) 902-1700
Fax: (252) 757-1456
URL: http://pitt.ces.ncsu.edu