2017 Bertie County Program Impact Report

Approved: January 19, 2018

I. Executive Summary

In 2017 the Bertie County Cooperative Extension Staff reached 38,676 people. Of this 17,845 were in face to face contacts and 20,831 were by telephone, email, radio and newsletters. Program objectives included local foods, volunteer readiness, school to career pathways, profitable and sustainable agriculture systems, urban and consumer agriculture, safety and security of our food systems and healthy living and community developement. In addition, $65,822 in grant, sponsorship and in-kind funding was awarded to this Center.

Agriculture remains the number one industry in Bertie County with over $196 million in cash receipts (2016 NCDA Ag Statistics). Cooperative Extension personnel provided educational information to aid growers and agricultural business that increased profitability and sustainability. Bertie County field crop producers increased net income by $1,973,676 as a result of 11 on farm test, 4 crop production meetings, a local farm tour, 4 peanut maturity clinics, peanut leafspot advisory alerts, crop planting weather information, insect flight information and following Extension recommendations.

Private and commercial pesticide applicators are required to earn pesticide re-certification credits in order to maintain their applicator license. To assist pesticide applicators, the Bertie County Extension Center conducted 11 training opportunities in cooperation with NCDA&CS and Extension Specialists totaling 31 hours. A total of 391 private (farmers) and 67 Commercial applicators received the necessary credits for re-certification.

Under the new worker protection standards, pesticide applicators and handlers working with any pesticide requiring a respirator must have medical clearance from a licensed health care professional and complete a respirator fit test to be in compliance with federal law. In an effort to help pesticide applicators remain in compliance, the Bertie County Center held a respirator fit testing workshop in cooperation with Albemarle Regional Health Services. A total of 86 pesticide applicators were successfully fit tested and certified to wear a respirator when applying pesticides.

Master Gardeners contributed 754 volunteer hours, within the County through educational and service projects, worth a total of $18,202.

Family and Consumer Sciences
Poor eating habits and lack of physical activity lead to health issues if not corrected. Obesity-related illnesses, including chronic disease, disability and death, is estimated to carry an annual cost of $190.2 billion. A $4500 Community Benefit Grant was obtained from the Vidant Bertie Hospital Development Council for the FCS Program enabling 37 people to participate in the Twelve Pounds Down Program. This a six-week weight loss program developed by the FCS Agent to promote healthy eating habits, physical activity and healthy weight loss. Program participants were challenged to lose 2 pounds per week. During the program, those enrolled participated in Zumba and healthy living lunch and learn events. There was a combined group weight loss of 181 pounds over the six-week period.

The improper handling of food accounts for a high percentage of the reported 48 million cases of foodborne illness each year in the United States. The FCS Agent provided a 16-hour food safety Servsafe certification course. Eight restaurant managers and school food service workers completed the food safety training program. Five participants were certified as ServSafe managers through the National Restaurant Association. 100% of participants reported “feeling more confident about food safety policies and procedures than they did before completing the ServSafe course”.

Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program
A grant in the amount of $23,000 was awarded to continue the employment of an EFNEP Program Assistant to promote healthy eating, physical activity and chronic disease risk reduction to targeted audiences. EFNEP programming resulted in 670 youth and 71 adults increasing their knowledge of the importance of healthy eating and the benefits of physical activity.

Youth development remains a high priority for Bertie County. Reaching and leading youth to become better citizens and leaders through various project and camp experiences has proven to be successful. Last year 16 youth attended residential camps and 100 youth attended day camps which offered unique experiences outside Bertie County. Twenty-seven volunteers donated 184 hours to assist in the development of our youth population.

Community Development
Recurring flooding has been a problem in Windsor N.C. and Bertie County for several decades. Back to back flood events in 2016 affirmed the need to look for opportunities for prevention and to lessen the impact. A collaborative team was formed with the assistance of NCSU, ECU, Town of Windsor and Bertie County to study the subject further. A $72,000 grant from Golden Leaf Foundation was secured to study the hydrology of the Cashie River. The results of the study will be delivered in 2018.

II. County Background

Bertie County is one of the oldest counties in North Carolina, which covers a total area of 741 square miles, with 699 square miles of land situated between the Chowan and Roanoke Rivers in Northeastern North Carolina. Bertie is a rural county with an estimated population of 20,199 (2015 Census estimate). Most residents (75%) live outside of the corporate limits of the eight towns located throughout the county. Median household income in 2015 was $30,027 and the percent of the population with incomes below the poverty level is 24.8%. The county population is 61% Black, 36% White, 1.8% Latino and 0.7% of other races.

Agriculture and forestry are major industries in the county generating approximately $217 and $11 million dollars, respectively, in sales during 2015 (last year data available). Field crop production contributed $63.2 million to the sales total primarily from cotton, corn, soybeans, peanut and clarey sage production. Livestock, primarily broiler production, added $149 million to the annual income. Perdue Farms operates a poultry processing plant in Lewiston-Woodville and is the largest private employer and provides jobs for some 2,200 individuals. The balance of farm income comes from government payments in the amount of $4.4 million dollars.

The Bertie County Center staff of the North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service identified critical needs and emerging issues that are currently impacting or will impact Bertie County residents in the near future. The Bertie County Advisory Council and various subject Program Committees contributed to this process. Educational programs were prioritized and state Extension objectives were selected to address the identified needs in the county. The needs that emerged were: Profitable and Sustainable Agricultural Systems, Safety and Security of our Food and Farm Systems, Local Foods, Leadership Development, Community Development, Volunteer Readiness, School to Career, Urban and Consumer Agriculture and Healthy Eating, Physical Activity and Chronic Disease Risk Reduction. Bertie County Cooperative Extension Staff will provide the leadership in developing educational programs in addressing the above identified needs. Programs will utilize research based information and specialists from NC State and A&T Universities. Partnerships and collaborations with individuals, businesses, community groups, schools and government agencies will be conducted and cultivated to enhance programming efforts and results.

III. Objectives to Address the Cooperative Extension Long Range Plan

North Carolina's plant production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.

Value* Outcome Description
644Number of crop (all plant systems) producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
11Number of Extension initiated and controlled County demonstration test sites (new required for GLF/PSI reporting)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
430Number of crop (all plant systems) producers adopting best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
1973676Net income gains realized by the adoption of best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
231Number of producers reporting increased dollar returns per acre or reduced costs per acre
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Producers will increase sales of food locally to more agriculturally aware consumers through market development, producer and consumer education, and new farmer and infrastructure support.

Value* Outcome Description
4Number of producers who gain skills or knowledge to increase production for local markets.
4Number of adults (including producers, food business owners, etc.) who improved knowledge of local food and agricultural systems.
4Number of producers who improve local food marketing skills or knowledge.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
37Number of individuals who begin home food production by starting a vegetable and/or fruit garden, and if also reporting under Urban and Consumer Horticulture Objective, divide up the reported number appropriately between the two objectives to avoid duplication.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Agricultural producers, workers, food handlers and consumers will adopt safer food and agricultural production, handling, and distribution practices that reduce workplace and home injuries/illnesses, enhance food security, and increase the quality and safety of food that North Carolinians prepare and consume.

Value* Outcome Description
67Number of commercial/public operators trained
31Number of pesticide application credit hours provided
84Number of participants participating in AgriSafe personal protective equipment (PPE) selection or fit testing
14Number of food service employees receiving ServSafe certification
20Number of participants trained in safe home food handling, preservation, or preparation practices
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
20Number of participants implementing ServSafe
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Individuals and groups will acquire leadership and decision making capacities needed to guide and actively participate in local and state organizations.

Youth and adults will address community issues and/or challenges through volunteerism.

Community members, organizations and local government will engage in collaborative dialog and decision-making to build economically, socially and environmentally resilient communities. This will be done through inclusive engagement, partnership building, and/or community planning.

Value* Outcome Description
400Number of participants increasing knowledge and skills in convening and leading inclusive, representative groups (including limited resources, new resident, or immigrant groups) for evidence based community development
413Number of participants developing skills in leading community, economic, and/or disaster planning and change
414Number of residents that increase their knowledge in disaster preparedness planning, mitigation and recovery
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
415Number of participants who adopted disaster preparedness and mitigation practices
72000Dollar value of in-kind resources (funding, in-kind service or volunteers) contributed to Projects or Programs in which Extension was critically involved by an organization or community to support community or economic development work
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Futures that Work: School to Career Pathways

Consumers and communities will enhance the value of plants, animals, and landscapes while conserving valuable natural resources and protecting the environment.

Value* Outcome Description
67Number of participants improving knowledge, attitude, skills and aspirations regarding gardening and landscape practices including plant selection and placement, turfgrass management, soil management, growing food, water conservation and water quality preservation, storm water and erosion management, green waste management, pest and wildlife management
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
67Number of participants who use extension-recommended best management practices in landscapes, turf, and gardens, including pest (insect, weed, disease) management, fertility management, water conservation, water quality preservation and pruning techniques
38Number of participants growing food for home consumption
3Number of participants adopting composting
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Youth and adult program participants will make healthy food choices, achieve the recommended amount of physical activity and reduce risk factors for chronic diseases.

Value* Impact Description
267Number of adults increasing their fruit and vegetables consumption
335Number of youth increasing their fruit and vegetable consumption
255Number of participants increasing their physical activity
288Number of participants reducing their BMI
373Number of adults who reduce their blood pressure
213Number of adults who improve their blood glucose (A1c.)level
213Number of adults who reduce their total cholesterol
279Number of participants who consume less sodium in their diet
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

IV. Number of Contacts Made by Extension

Type of ContactNumber
Face-to-face* 17,671
Non face-to-face** 20,831
Total by Extension staff in 2017 38,502
* Face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make directly with individuals through one-on-one visits, meetings, and other activities where staff members work directly with individuals.
** Non face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make indirectly with individuals by telephone, email, newsletters, news articles, radio, television, and other means.

V. Designated Grants Received by Extension

Type of GrantAmount
Contracts/Grants $35,432.00
Gifts/Donations $15,623.00
In-Kind Grants/Donations $13,517.00
United Way/Foundations $0.00
User Fees $1,250.00
Total $65,822.00

VI. Volunteer Involvement in Extension Programs

Number of Volunteers* Number of Volunteer Hours Known client contacts by volunteers Dollar Value at 24.69
4-H: 33 200 139 $ 4,938.00
Advisory Leadership System: 18 18 0 $ 444.00
Extension Community Association: 0 0 0 $ 0.00
Extension Master Gardener: 139 754 0 $ 18,616.00
Other: 152 232 68 $ 5,728.00
Total: 342 1204 207 $ 29,727.00
* The number of volunteers reflects the overall number of volunteers for multiple events.

VII. Membership of Advisory Leadership System

Rodney Jack
Lauree Cherry
Ron Wesson
Vivian Saunders
Lori Speller
Tundra Woolard
Sheila Craig
Marcia Winston
Field Crops
John Feher
Dalton Williams
Clint Thompson
Danny Perry
Ron Swain
Brad Ward
David Leggett
Stanley Thompson
Wood Farless
Lymon Harrell
Herbie Tayloe
Master Gardener/Consumer Horticulture
Bill Tibbs
Mary Tibbs
Joan Dunston
Jim Davis
Marie Webb
Jean Richter
Gail Jernigan
Diana Johnson
Mike Hoggard
David Jennette
Mike Neal
County Advisory Council
Irma Robbins
Sharon Lee
Lauree Cherry
Bill Tibbs
Blount Knowels
Jack Powell
Joseph Baker
Carl Bond
Jean Richter
Mary Tibbs
Gail Jernigan
Sid Copeland
Rodney Jack
Jacqueline Rowe-Higgs
Vivian Saunders
Sylvia Walton
Jim Morris
Tundra Woolard
Family and Consumder Science
Irma Robbins
Donna Mizelle
Emily Jernigan
Kathy Copeland
Lewis Hoggard
Sharon Lee
Bettina Odom

VIII. Staff Membership

Billy Barrow
Title: County Extension Director and Extension Agent, Agriculture - Peanuts
Phone: (252) 794-5317
Email: wbarrow@ncsu.edu

Anassou Banna
Title: Area Agent, Small Farms Management
Phone: (252) 358-7822
Email: anassou_banna@ncsu.edu

Susan Chase
Title: Regional Nutrition Extension Associate - Northeast EFNEP and SNAP-Ed
Phone: (919) 827-2285
Email: susan_chase@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Job Description: Provides programmatic supervision to the EFNEP program in the Northeast District

Candice Christian
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Consumer and Retail Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9148
Email: Candice_Christian@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: The overall goal of the Area Specialized Agents (ASAs) in Consumer & Retail Food Safety is to support FCS Agents in delivering timely and evidence-based food safety education and information to stakeholders in North Carolina.

Kathy Copeland
Title: EFNEP Educator, Extension Program Assistant
Phone: (252) 794-5317
Email: kathy_copeland@ncsu.edu

Erin Eure
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Commercial Fruits & Vegetables
Phone: (252) 357-1400
Email: erin_eure@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides educational opportunities and technical support to commercial fruit and vegetable growers, agents, and industry in northeastern NC.

Steve Gabel
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Aquaculture
Phone: (252) 482-6585
Email: steve_gabel@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Responsible for aquaculture educational programs for the NC NE extension district.

Deidre Goines
Title: County Extension Secretary
Phone: (252) 794-5317
Email: dtgoines@ncsu.edu

Marissa Herchler
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Animal Food Safety (FSMA Programs)
Phone: (919) 515-5396
Email: marissa_herchler@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marissa is an Area Specialized Agent for animal food safety, with emphasis on the new Food Safety Modernization Act rules, as they apply to feed mills in North Carolina. Please contact Marissa with any FSMA related questions, or PCQI training inquiries.

Guy Holley
Title: 4-H Agent, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (252) 794-5317
Email: gaholley@ncsu.edu

Jarette Hurry
Title: Extension Agent, Agriculture - Field Crops, Horticulture and Forestry
Phone: (252) 794-5317
Email: jarette_hurry@ncsu.edu

Lynette Johnston
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-0303
Email: lynette_johnston@ncsu.edu

Colby Lambert
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Forestry
Phone: (910) 814-6041
Email: colby_lambert@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides educational opportunities and technical support to forest landowners, agents, and forest industry in eastern North Carolina.

Danny Lauderdale
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Nursery and Greenhouse, Eastern Region
Phone: (252) 237-0111
Email: danny_lauderdale@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides programming to commercial ornamental nursery and greenhouse producers in eastern North Carolina.

Bill Lord
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Water Resources
Phone: (919) 496-3344
Email: william_lord@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Water quality education and technical assistance

Sheila Powell
Title: County Extension Administrative Assistant
Phone: (252) 794-5317
Email: sheila_powell@ncsu.edu

Margaret Ross
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Poultry
Phone: (252) 670-8254
Email: margaret_ross@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Working with commercial poultry producers to assist in writing nutrient management plans and conducting educational programming.

Chip Simmons
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Food Safety
Phone: (919) 414-5632
Email: odsimmon@ncsu.edu

Scott Tilley
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Field Crops
Phone: (252) 793-4428
Email: scott_tilley@ncsu.edu

Mitch Woodward
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Watersheds and Water Quality
Phone: (919) 250-1112
Email: mdwoodwa@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: NC Cooperative Extension's Goals include: - NC's natural resources and environmental quality will be protected, conserved and enhanced. - NC will have profitable, environmentally sustainable plant, animal and food systems. Protecting our environmental resources, particularly drinking water quality, is a top priority in NC. NC Cooperative Extension is a leader in teaching, researching, and accelerating the adoption of effective water quality protection practices.

IX. Contact Information

Bertie County Center
104 Dundee Street
Windsor, NC 27983

Phone: (252) 794-5317
Fax: (252) 794-5375
URL: http://bertie.ces.ncsu.edu