2018 Bertie County Program Impact Report

Approved: January 23, 2019

I. Executive Summary

In 2018 the Bertie County Cooperative Extension Staff made 31,504 contacts. Of this 14,630 were face to face and 16,874 were by telephone, email, radio or newsletters. Program objectives included local foods, volunteer readiness, school to career pathways, profitable and sustainable agriculture systems, urban and consumer agriculture, safety and security of our food systems and healthy living. In addition, $76,548 in grant, sponsorship and in-kind funding was awarded to this Center.

Agricultural Programs
Agriculture remains the number one industry in Bertie County with over $223.5 million in cash receipts (2017 NCDA Ag Statistics). Cooperative Extension personnel provided educational information to aid growers and agricultural business that increased profitability and sustainability. Bertie County field crop producers increased net income by $2,694,551 as a result of 11 on farm test, 4 crop production meetings, 1 forestry meeting, the CHROME Regional Ag Expo, 4 peanut maturity clinics, peanut leafspot advisory alerts, insect flight information and following Extension recommendations. NC A&T funded a part time Ag and Natural Resource Agent to work with beginning, small and part time farmers.

Private and commercial pesticide applicators are required to earn pesticide re-certification credits in order to maintain their applicator license. To assist, the Bertie County Extension Center conducted 14 training opportunities in cooperation with NCDA&CS and Extension Specialists totaling 26 hours. A total of 578 private (farmers) and 70 commercial applicators received the necessary credits for re-certification. Under the new worker protection standards, pesticide applicators and handlers working with any pesticide requiring a respirator, must have medical clearance from a licensed health care professional and complete a respirator fit test to be in compliance with federal law. In an effort to help pesticide applicators remain in compliance the Bertie County Center held a respirator fit testing workshop in cooperation with the N C Agromedicine Institute. A total of 73 pesticide applicators were successfully fit tested and certified to wear a respirator when applying pesticides.

Master Gardeners contributed 504 volunteer hours, within the County through educational and service projects, worth a total of $12,444.

Family and Consumer Sciences
Poor eating habits and lack of physical activity lead to health issues if not corrected. Obesity-related illness, including chronic disease, disability and death, is estimated to carry an annual cost of $190.2 billion. A $4000 Community Benefit Grant was obtained from the Vidant Bertie Hospital Development Council for the Family and Consumer Sciences Program enabling 90 people to participate in various innovative programs including Get Fit, Heart Healthy Lunch and Learn, Senior Healthy Cooking Schools, Twelve Pounds Down, and Med instead of Meds programs.

Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program
A grant in the amount of $22,500 was awarded to continue the employment of an EFNEP Program Assistant to promote healthy eating, physical activity and chronic disease risk reduction to targeted audiences. EFNEP programming resulted in 670 youth and 71 adults increasing their knowledge of the importance of healthy eating and the benefits of physical activity.

4-H
Youth development remains a high priority for Bertie County. Reaching and leading youth to become better citizens and leaders through various project and camp experiences has proven to be successful. Bertie County 4-H enhanced and expanded youth programs and enrichment efforts to reach minority audiences. New programs included Swim Camp, Space Camp (funded by NC A&T), and a residential camp for first time youth funded by the Kent Bazemore Foundation. Last year 14 youth attended residential camps and 85 youth attended day camps which offered unique experiences outside Bertie County. Five youth attended State Congress and 10 youth represented Bertie County in local, District and State competitions. From this there were 2 district and one state winner. Eighty volunteers donated 740 hours to assist in the development of our youth population.

Community Development
Recurring flooding has been a problem in Windsor and Bertie County for several decades. Back to back flood events in 2016 affirmed the need to look for opportunities for prevention and to lessen the impact. A collaborative team was formed with the assistance of NCSU, ECU, Town of Windsor and Bertie County to study the subject further. A $72,000 grant from Golden Leaf Foundation was secured to study the hydrology of the Cashie River. This study looked at concerns voiced by the community as possible causes to the increased impact of flood waters and potential solutions as identified by the team and the community. These included new bridge construction over King Street, changing use of agricultural and forest land over the last 3 decades, and replacement and widening of culverts and bridges in the county. Potential solutions included the use of retention walls, flood gates, retention ponds, and widening the King Street bridge. The study did not reveal one silver bullet solution to the flooding problem, but a combination of several items could lessen the effect of storms with rainfall up to 11 inches but not storms the size of Matthew. As a result of the study countless hours of negotiation and potentially millions of dollars that could have been spent on solutions that would not solve the problems were saved.

II. County Background

Bertie County is one of the oldest counties in North Carolina, which covers a total area of 741 square miles, with 699 square miles of land situated between the Chowan and Roanoke Rivers in Northeastern North Carolina. Bertie is a rural county with an estimated population of 19854 (2016 Census estimate). This is a 6.7% decrease since 2010. Most residents (75%) live outside of the corporate limits of the eight towns located throughout the county. Median household income in 2016 was $31,129 and the percent of the population with income below the poverty level is 24.4%. The county population is 61% Black, 36% White, 2.1% Latino and 0.9% of other races.

Agriculture and forestry are major industries in the county generating approximately $196 and $11 million dollars, respectively, in sales during 2016 and 2015 respectively (last year data available). Field crop production contributed $48.5 million to the sales total primarily from cotton, corn, soybeans, peanut and clarey sage production. This is down $14.7 million or 23% from 2015, primarily due to the impacts of TS Julia and Hurricane Matthew. Livestock, primarily broiler production, added $133.7 million to the annual income. Perdue Farms operates a poultry processing plant in Lewiston-Woodville and is the largest private employer providing jobs for some 2,200 individuals. The balance of farm income comes from government payments in the amount of $14.1 million dollars up $9.7 million or 220% in 2016 again as a result of lower commodity prices and the impact from tropical storms.

The Bertie County Center staff of the North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service identified critical needs and emerging issues that are currently impacting or will impact Bertie County residents in the near future. The Bertie County Advisory Council and various subject Program Committees contributed to this process. Educational programs were prioritized and state Extension objectives were selected to address the identified needs in the county. The needs that emerged were: Profitable and Sustainable Agricultural Systems, Safety and Security of our Food and Farm Systems, Local Foods, Leadership Development, Community Development, Volunteer Readiness, School to Career, Urban and Consumer Agriculture and Healthy Eating, Physical Activity and Chronic Disease Risk Reduction. Bertie County Cooperative Extension Staff will provide the leadership in developing educational programs in addressing the above identified needs. Programs will utilize research based information and specialists from NC State and A&T Universities. Partnerships and collaborations with individuals, businesses, community groups, schools and government agencies will be conducted and cultivated to enhance programming efforts and results.

III. Objectives to Address the Cooperative Extension Long Range Plan

North Carolina's plant production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.

Value* Outcome Description
439Number of crop (all plant systems) producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
11Number of Extension initiated and controlled County demonstration test sites (new required for GLF/PSI reporting)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
309Number of crop (all plant systems) producers adopting best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
2694551Net income gains realized by the adoption of best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
200Number of producers reporting increased dollar returns per acre or reduced costs per acre
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Producers will increase sales of food locally to more agriculturally aware consumers through market development, producer and consumer education, and new farmer and infrastructure support.

Value* Outcome Description
2Number of producers who gain skills or knowledge to increase production for local markets.
20Number of adults (including producers, food business owners, etc.) who improved knowledge of local food and agricultural systems.
20Number of children/youth who improved knowledge of local food and agricultural systems.
12Number of producers who improve local food marketing skills or knowledge.
49Number of individuals who learn how to prepare local foods, including through use of home food preservation techniques.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
2Number of producers who diversified their marketing strategies into local markets (direct, intermediated/food service, institutional).
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Agricultural producers, workers, food handlers and consumers will adopt safer food and agricultural production, handling, and distribution practices that reduce workplace and home injuries/illnesses, enhance food security, and increase the quality and safety of food that North Carolinians prepare and consume.

Individuals and groups will acquire leadership and decision making capacities needed to guide and actively participate in local and state organizations.

Value* Outcome Description
6Number of adults increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
6Number of adults assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
21Number of youth increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
21Number of youth assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
6Number of adults increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
6Number of adults assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
21Number of youth increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
21Number of youth assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Youth and adults will address community issues and/or challenges through volunteerism.

Value* Outcome Description
1Number of adult participants acquiring the skills needed to serve as a volunteer
15Number of youth participants reporting aspirations to serve in new or expanded volunteer roles in community
5Number of adult participants reporting aspirations to serve in new or expanded volunteer roles in community
15Number of hours youth volunteer training conducted
7Number new volunteers recruited
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
231Increased number of hours contributed by trained youth volunteers
1Number of youth volunteers serving in new or expanded roles within Extension
1Number of adult volunteers serving in new or expanded roles within Extension
1Number of youth volunteers recruiting and/or training new volunteers
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Community members, organizations and local government will engage in collaborative dialog and decision-making to build economically, socially and environmentally resilient communities. This will be done through inclusive engagement, partnership building, and/or community planning.

Futures that Work: School to Career Pathways

Value* Outcome Description
4Number of teachers trained in 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum
106Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
62Total number of female participants in STEM program
13Number of high school age youth (students) participating as members of 4-H clubs
23Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge of career/employability skills
2Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge of entrepreneurship
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
4Number of teachers using 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum in their classrooms
106Number of youth (students) gaining knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
23Number of youth (students) gaining career / employability skills
2Number of youth (students) gaining entrepreneurship skills
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Consumers and communities will enhance the value of plants, animals, and landscapes while conserving valuable natural resources and protecting the environment.

Youth and adult program participants will make healthy food choices, achieve the recommended amount of physical activity and reduce risk factors for chronic diseases.

Value* Impact Description
328Number of adults increasing their fruit and vegetables consumption
570Number of youth increasing their fruit and vegetable consumption
376Number of participants increasing their physical activity
71Number of participants reducing their BMI
56Number of adults who reduce their blood pressure
285Number of participants who consume less sodium in their diet
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

IV. Number of Contacts Made by Extension

Type of ContactNumber
Face-to-face* 14,345
Non face-to-face** 16,975
Total by Extension staff in 2018 31,320
* Face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make directly with individuals through one-on-one visits, meetings, and other activities where staff members work directly with individuals.
** Non face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make indirectly with individuals by telephone, email, newsletters, news articles, radio, television, and other means.

V. Designated Grants Received by Extension

Type of GrantAmount
Contracts/Grants $49,700.00
Gifts/Donations $26,983.00
In-Kind Grants/Donations $6,400.00
United Way/Foundations $3,465.00
User Fees $0.00
Total $86,548.00

VI. Volunteer Involvement in Extension Programs

Number of Volunteers* Number of Volunteer Hours Known client contacts by volunteers Dollar Value at 25.43
4-H: 79 747 6 $ 18,996.00
Advisory Leadership System: 28 35 8 $ 890.00
Extension Community Association: 0 0 0 $ 0.00
Extension Master Gardener: 106 504 87 $ 12,817.00
Other: 236 378 68 $ 9,613.00
Total: 449 1664 169 $ 42,316.00
* The number of volunteers reflects the overall number of volunteers for multiple events.

VII. Membership of Advisory Leadership System

4-H
Rodney Jack
Lauree Cherry
Ron Wesson
Vivian Saunders
Lori Speller
Tundra Woolard
Sheila Craig
Marcia Winston
Field Crops
John Feher
Dalton Williams
Clint Thompson
Danny Perry
Ron Swain
Brad Ward
David Leggett
Stanley Thompson
Wood Farless
Lymon Harrell
Herbie Tayloe
Master Gardener/Consumer Horticulture
Bill Tibbs
Mary Tibbs
Joan Dunston
Jim Davis
Marie Webb
Jean Richter
Gail Jernigan
Diana Johnson
Forestry
Mike Hoggard
David Jennette
Mike Neal
Chuck Daniels
Allen Hoggard
Bill Jenkins
County Advisory Council
Irma Robbins
Sharon Lee
Lauree Cherry
Blount Knowels
Joseph Baker
Carl Bond
Jean Richter
Gail Jernigan
Sid Copeland
Rodney Jack
Jacqueline Rowe-Higgs
Vivian Saunders
Sylvia Walton
Jim Morris
Tundra Woolard
Family and Consumder Science
Casey Owens
Donna Mizelle
Eleanor bond
Emily Jernigan
Ernestine Byrd
Irma Robbins
Joyner, Luann
Ronald Wesson
Sandra Simmons
Shelia Craig
Wanda Stallings

VIII. Staff Membership

Billy Barrow
Title: County Extension Director and Extension Agent, Agriculture - Peanuts
Phone: (252) 794-5317
Email: wbarrow@ncsu.edu

Elizabeth Baker
Title: Area Agent, Family & Consumer Sciences
Phone: (252) 794-6179
Email: Elizabeth_baker@ncsu.edu

Anassou Banna
Title: Area Agent, Small Farms Management
Phone: (252) 358-7822
Email: anassou_banna@ncsu.edu

Susan Chase
Title: Regional Nutrition Extension Associate - Northeast EFNEP and SNAP-Ed
Phone: (919) 827-2285
Email: susan_chase@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Job Description: Provides programmatic supervision to the EFNEP program in the Northeast District

Candice Christian
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Consumer and Retail Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9148
Email: Candice_Christian@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: The overall goal of the Area Specialized Agents (ASAs) in Consumer & Retail Food Safety is to support FCS Agents in delivering timely and evidence-based food safety education and information to stakeholders in North Carolina.

Kathy Copeland
Title: EFNEP Educator, Extension Program Assistant
Phone: (252) 794-5317
Email: kathy_copeland@ncsu.edu

Erin Eure
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Commercial Fruits and Vegetables
Phone: (252) 357-1400
Email: erin_eure@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides educational opportunities and technical support to commercial fruit and vegetable growers, agents, and industry in northeastern NC.

Steve Gabel
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Aquaculture
Phone: (252) 482-6585
Email: steve_gabel@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Responsible for aquaculture educational programs for the NC NE extension district.

Deidre Goines
Title: County Extension Secretary
Phone: (252) 794-5317
Email: dtgoines@ncsu.edu

Marissa Herchler
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Animal Food Safety (FSMA Programs)
Phone: (919) 515-5396
Email: marissa_herchler@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marissa is an Area Specialized Agent for animal food safety, with emphasis on the new Food Safety Modernization Act rules, as they apply to feed mills in North Carolina. Please contact Marissa with any FSMA related questions, or PCQI training inquiries.

Guy Holley
Title: Extension Agent, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (252) 794-5317
Email: gaholley@ncsu.edu

Jarette Hurry
Title: Extension Agent, Agriculture - Field Crops, Horticulture and Forestry
Phone: (252) 794-5317
Email: jarette_hurry@ncsu.edu

Lynette Johnston
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-0303
Email: lynette_johnston@ncsu.edu

Colby Lambert
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Forestry
Phone: (910) 814-6041
Email: colby_lambert@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides educational opportunities and technical support to forest landowners, agents, and forest industry in eastern North Carolina.

Danny Lauderdale
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Nursery and Greenhouse, Eastern Region
Phone: (252) 237-0111
Email: danny_lauderdale@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides programming to commercial ornamental nursery and greenhouse producers in eastern North Carolina.

Bill Lord
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Water Resources
Phone: (919) 496-3344
Email: william_lord@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Water quality education and technical assistance

Lori McBryde
Title: Area 4-H Agent, East Region
Phone: (919) 989-5380
Email: lori_mcbryde@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provide support the Eastern 34 Counties of the Northeast and Southeast Districts in 4-H Youth Development.

Sheila Powell
Title: County Extension Administrative Assistant
Phone: (252) 794-5317
Email: sheila_powell@ncsu.edu

Margaret Ross
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Poultry
Phone: (252) 670-8254
Email: margaret_ross@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Working with commercial poultry producers to assist in writing nutrient management plans and conducting educational programming.

Chip Simmons
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Food Safety
Phone: (919) 414-5632
Email: odsimmon@ncsu.edu

Scott Tilley
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Field Crops
Phone: (252) 793-4428
Email: scott_tilley@ncsu.edu

Mitch Woodward
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Watersheds and Water Quality
Phone: (919) 250-1112
Email: mdwoodwa@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: NC Cooperative Extension's Goals include: - NC's natural resources and environmental quality will be protected, conserved and enhanced. - NC will have profitable, environmentally sustainable plant, animal and food systems. Protecting our environmental resources, particularly drinking water quality, is a top priority in NC. NC Cooperative Extension is a leader in teaching, researching, and accelerating the adoption of effective water quality protection practices.

IX. Contact Information

Bertie County Center
104 Dundee Street
Windsor, NC 27983

Phone: (252) 794-5317
Fax: (252) 794-5375
URL: http://bertie.ces.ncsu.edu