2020 Scotland County Plan of Work

Approved: January 24, 2020

I. County Background

Scotland County is located in southeastern North Carolina adjacent to the South Carolina border. The county has a total area of 204,262 acres; spanning 18 miles east to west and 25 miles north to south. Scotland County is located halfway between Charlotte and Wilmington. In 2019, the population was 35,711 with approximately 44% White, 38% Black, 11% American Indian, and 7% other.

Nearly 16,000 people live in Laurinburg, the county seat. Gibson, Wagram, East Laurinburg, Laurel Hill, and a part of the town of Maxton make up the various other communities in the county. Of the approximately 36,000 people living in the county, 17,872 are considered rural with 509 living on farms.

According to the North Carolina Department of Agriculture's website, 150 farms are located in the county with an average farm size of 346 acres. The major crops produced are cotton, soybeans, corn, and small grains. Major animal production includes swine, cattle, and poultry. The estimated cash receipts from the sale of farm products in 2017 were approximately $95 million.

The median family income is $30,013 with a total of 15,233 housing units in the county. The unemployment rate for 2018 was the highest in the state. Scotland County is considered a TIER 1 county based on economic indicators. In 2018, 31.5% of the county population lives at or below the state poverty level.

The Scotland County School system has 11 schools, which enroll approximately 6,000 children annually. Additionally, St. Andrews Presbyterian University is located in Scotland County with an average enrollment of 900 students.

The Environmental Scanning process utilized secondary data collected from Scotland County Department of Social Services, The Rural Center, North Carolina A&T University, Scotland County Health Department, Scotland County Partnership for Children and Families, Juvenile Justice, North Carolina Employment Security Commission, The Small Business Technology Development Center, and the Scotland County Economic Development Plan. The Scotland County Advisory Council and various focus groups assisted in prioritizing county issues and needs in an environmental scan conducted in 2017. The following needs will be addressed by the 2019 Plan of Work.

1. Need for Economic Development Opportunities
2. Overweight/Obese Youth and Adults
3. Natural Resources Protected
4. Need for Structured Activities and Positive Role Models for Youth
5. Lack of Parenting Skills/Family Management
6. Need for Family Financial Management Skills

North Carolina Cooperative Extension is in a unique position to provide educational programming to various groups based on the identified needs. Taking research-based information generated at North Carolina State University and North Carolina A & T State University can provide Scotland County citizens with much-needed information to meet the needs of the county.

II. Objectives to Address the Cooperative Extension Long Range Plan

Our family and consumer sciences programs improve the well-being of individuals, families, and communities.

Our plant production programs improve production, profitability, and sustainability of the agriculture sector.

Our animal production programs improve production, profitability, and sustainability of the agriculture sector.

Our community development programs build strong and thriving communities.

Our 4-H youth development programs grow the skills young people need to succeed in life and career.

Our natural resource and environmental programs conserve our precious natural resources and maintain a clean and healthy environment.

Our consumer horticulture programs teach families and communities about environmentally friendly methods for gardening and controlling pests.

Our food safety and nutrition programs create a safer and more sustainable food supply and improve the health and nutrition of individuals, families, and our communities.

III. Other Objectives

2019 Scotland POW

IV. Relationship to County Government Objectives

The mission statement for both the County of Scotland and North Carolina Cooperative Extension are very similar. These similarities allow the Cooperative Extension staff to develop many educational programs which focus on high priority needs in the county. The strategies identified in the County of Scotland Strategic Plan focused on crime/drugs, community development, economic development, education, and social concerns. Cooperative Extension staff helps to address these local issues with research-based knowledge and resources, creating opportunities which empower people to collectively solve problems.

In the event the Scotland County Emergency Operation Plan is activated, Cooperative Extension has a critical educational role. Cooperative Extension specifically educates the public in preparing for, planning for, responding to, and recovery from natural disasters and other hazards. Examples of educational programs include food safety, crop damage assessment, stress management, financial information, and protecting/feeding livestock. Some educational publications dealing with disasters are also available in Spanish.

V. Diversity Plan

Scotland County Cooperative Extension is committed to embracing the value of diversity and the elimination of discrimination on the basis of irrelevant characteristics such as race, nationality, socio-economic status, religious beliefs, ethnicity, family and marital status, gender, age, disability, or sexual orientation. These differences are the basis for our values, attitudes, beliefs, and perceptions that allow us to develop educational programs for the betterment of our county. The following methods will be utilized to promote the importance of diversity.

Every Agent and program associate will have a functioning advisory committee that is reflective of both county demographics and their specific customer and programming base.

• To be inclusive, relevant, and responsive to planning, designing, implementing, and evaluating the program for a diverse audience.

• Incorporate diversity into publications, exhibits, mass media, and other marketing efforts.

• Utilization of curriculum that emphasizes diversity.

• Incorporate measures of diversity into staff appraisals.

This plan of work when implemented provides a framework to assist Extension staff in accomplishing the programmatic goals in a manner consistent with the Extension vision, mission, and values.

VI. Primary Delivery and Evaluation Methods

Delivering timely, relevant educational programs that meet critical local needs is the cornerstone of Extension’s mission. Extension educational programs are designed to equip the citizens of Scotland County with the knowledge, skills, and tools to improve their economic prosperity, environmental stewardship, and quality of life.

An Extension program delivery system is a planned and organized mix of educational methods used during an educational program. Extension educational methods are the specific ways by which research-based information is shared with targeted learners. Extension educators in our county employ a wide variety of hands-on, experiential educational methods, such as interactive workshops and classes, demonstrations, field days and tours, that allow learners to fully engage in the learning process, test new knowledge and/or practice new skills during the educational session. Equally important, this plan will also include educational methods such as seminars, client visits, fact sheets, newsletters, and home study kits that serve to support and reinforce learning as well as provide motivation for continued learning.

Armed with the most current literature on effective teaching and learning, Extension educators also skillfully select educational methods based on the learning style preferences and special needs of the targeted learners. These client-focused methods afford learners the opportunity to gain the necessary knowledge and skills to change their lives in meaningful ways. Another key feature of Extension program delivery that is evident in this plan is our commitment to being customer driven and customer focused. In addition to the County Extension Center, Extension educational programs are delivered online, in community centers, on farms, and other locations in order for our programs to be available and accessible to, and fully utilized by, the citizens of Scotland County.

In Extension, success is defined as the extent to which our educational programs have made a difference in the lives of the citizens of Scotland County. Evaluation methods are the way we make those observations about whether any changes occurred as a result of our educational programs, and subsequently the significance of those changes. As an educational organization, the changes we seek focus on key outcomes such as the knowledge and skills participants gain from our programs. More specifically, in this plan, we are using quantitative research methods such as pre and post tests and surveys to measure change in knowledge gained, the application of that knowledge, number of new skills developed, and types of new skills developed.

Extension, as a results-oriented organization, is committed to also assessing the social, economic and/or environmental impact that our programs have on the individuals who participate, their families and communities and ultimately the county as a whole (i.e. true significance of the changes stemming from our programs). We plan to measure these impacts in both the long and short-term. In this annual plan (short-term), we have outlined financial impacts and cost benefit analysis as our primary evaluation methods. Another value held in Extension is actively listening to and dialoguing with targeted learners. Therefore, this plan also includes qualitative evaluation methods such as testimonials from program participants, interviews and focus groups.

VII. Membership of Advisory Leadership System

Scotland County Extension Advisory Council
Brenda Gilbert
Gray Gilbert
Leon Butler
Dorothy Tyson
Beatrice Sams
Joe Barnhill
Joann Barnhill
Bonnie Kelly
Steve Herlocker
April Snead
Scotland County 4-H Advisory Committee
Sommore Terry
Mikiko Fludd
Dot Coble
Johnie Gorham
Shaunee McLaurin (youth)
Iris Hamilton
Daniel bridges (youth)
Kathie Cox
Sharon Davis
angela stephens
dorothy tyson

Family and Consumer Sciences Advisory Committee
Mitchell McIver
Corniela Mceachin
Kathie Cox
Doris Graham
Noren Sanford
jennifer Byrd
sandra alford
essie davis
haley powell
dawn everett

VIII. Staff Membership

Randy Wood
Title: County Extension Director
Phone: (910) 277-2422
Email: randy_wood@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Livestock and Forages

Jenny Carleo
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Grain Crops
Phone: (704) 873-0507
Email: jscarleo@ncsu.edu

Marissa Cohen
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Animal Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-5396
Email: marissa_herchler@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marissa is an Area Specialized Agent for animal food safety, with emphasis on the new Food Safety Modernization Act rules, as they apply to feed mills, pet food and ingredient facilities in North Carolina. Please contact Marissa with any animal food safety-related questions, or Preventive Controls for Animal Food (PCAF/PCQI) training inquiries.

Marti Day
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Dairy
Phone: (919) 542-8202
Email: marti_day@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Responsible for educational programs for dairy farmers, youth with an interest in dairy projects and the general public with an interest in dairy foods and the dairy industry.

Sharon English
Title: Extension Agent, Family and Consumer Sciences
Phone: (910) 277-2422
Email: sharon_english@ncsu.edu

Angela Galloway
Title: Extension Agent, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (910) 277-2422
Email: angela_galloway@ncsu.edu

Richard Goforth
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Poultry
Phone: (910) 893-7530
Email: richard_goforth@ncsu.edu

Stacey Jones
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Commercial Nursery and Greenhouse
Phone: (704) 920-3310
Email: stacey_jones@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: I work with commercial greenhouses and nurseries to help them with growing related issues. These issues range from pests (insect, disease, and weeds), substrates, nutrition, and other miscellaneous topics.

Peggie Lewis Joyce
Title: Area 4-H Agent - Central Region
Phone: (336) 242-2080
Email: peggie_lewis@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides 4-H Youth Development support to 36 Counties in the Central Region of NC.

Colby Lambert
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Forestry
Phone: (910) 814-6041
Email: colby_lambert@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides educational opportunities and technical support to forest landowners, agents, and forest industry in eastern North Carolina.

Hazel McPhatter
Title: EFNEP Educator, Extension Program Associate
Phone: (910) 277-2422
Email: hazel_mcphatter@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Nutrition Program Associate 4-H EFNEP. Provides nutrition education for Scotland County youth.

Brittany Miller
Title: County Extension Administrative Assistant
Phone: (910) 277-2422
Email: brittany_c_miller@ncsu.edu

Shannon Newton
Title: Area Agent, Agriculture - Horticulture
Phone: (910) 875-3461
Email: shannon_newton@ncsu.edu

Ashley Robbins
Title: Area Specialized Agent - Dairy
Phone: (919) 542-8203
Email: ashley_robbins@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marti Day and I are the Area Specialized Dairy Agents - the county-based arm of the Cooperative Extension Dairy Team. We are out here in the counties to help you set and reach your farm, family and business goals. We have collaborative expertise in the areas of Waste Management, Udder Health, Cow Comfort, Nutrition and Forage Management with specialties in (Ashley)Reproduction, Records Management, Animal Health and (Marti)Alternative Markets, Organic Dairy, Grazing Management, and On-farm Processing. We hope to provide comprehensive educational programs for our farmers, consumers and youth for every county across the state. We are here for you by phone, email or text and look forward to working with you!

Elena Rogers
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Food Safety - Fresh Produce Western NC
Phone: (828) 352-2519
Email: elena_rogers@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provide educational programs, training and technical support focusing on fresh produce safety to Agents and growers in Western NC.

Allan Thornton
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Commercial Vegetables and Fruits
Phone: (910) 592-7161
Email: allan_thornton@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Vegetable Extension Specialist. Conducts Extension and applied research programs for commercial vegetable and fruit growers and agents in eastern North Carolina.

Mitch Woodward
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Watersheds and Water Quality
Phone: (919) 414-3873
Email: mdwoodwa@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: NC Cooperative Extension's Goals include: - NC's natural resources and environmental quality will be protected, conserved and enhanced. - NC will have profitable, environmentally sustainable plant, animal and food systems. Protecting our environmental resources, particularly drinking water quality, is a top priority in NC. NC Cooperative Extension is a leader in teaching, researching, and accelerating the adoption of effective water quality protection practices.

IX. Contact Information

Scotland County Center
231 E Cronly St
Suite 800
Laurinburg, NC 28352

Phone: (910) 277-2422
Fax: (910) 277-2426
URL: http://scotland.ces.ncsu.edu