2019 Scotland County Program Impact Report

Approved: January 24, 2020

I. Executive Summary

In 2019, Scotland County Cooperative Extension conducted educational programs in the areas of agriculture, local foods, food safety, and 4-H youth development. In programs and events conducted throughout the county, 10,781 citizens were impacted through 127 educational events. 514 farmers, food service employees and Master Gardners received continuing education credits as required by their businesses and certifications. Throughout the year, 198 volunteers donated 800 hours of their time to assist in delivering programs in the community. This equates to $20,419 of in-kind labor donations. In addition, $18,500 were generated through grants, user fees, and program contributions.

Highlights from 2019 educational activities include;

Scotland Grows, our Local Food Council, continued its mission of highlighting local food production and healthy eating. This fall, the 2nd annual collard cook-off was held at “Christmas on Main”. This event highlights local collard production and area chefs showed off their culinary skills preparing this Southern dish. 310 attendees sampled the various recipes throughout this event.

Horticultural activities included a wide variety of educational events and activities for area gardeners, landscapers, and beekeepers. Honey Bee producers organized a veterinarian training course where veterinarians could become certified to provide antibiotics to area beekeepers. In addition to honeybee production, over 100 Scotland County homeowners were given personal assistance in home pest control, gardening and yard maintenance.


Cooperative Extension continued to assist commercial and family farms in a number of ways. Technical assistance, farm visits as well as 6 large commodity-based information meetings were held. 1,016 farmers and pesticide applicators were able to receive technical training and certified recertification hours. Industrial Hemp was a new agricultural commodity that many area farmers were interested in pursuing. An Industrial Hemp conference was held where 160 potential farmers heard seminars from local experts and regulatory personal on this new crop.


Family and Consumer Science worked diligently in the area of food safety. ServSafe training was conducted for 62 foodservice professionals to prevent food-borne illnesses. With a single case of food-related illness costing an establishment $75,000, this training potentially saved the establishments $4,650,000. Additionally, 80 school cafeteria workers received HACCP (Hazardous Analysis Critical Control Point) food safety training. As a result of this training, employees learn to identify potential hazards in their food production process and how to incorporate actions to prevent these hazards from occurring.

In addition to adult educational events, Scotland CES worked to improve the lives of youth in a number of ways.

Leadership development was a major programming emphasis for 4-H. Educational programming geared towards developing future leaders included: Teen Retreat, 4-H Congress, Citizenship Focus, Teen Leadership Council and sending Leaders In Training to 4-H residential camp were all part of Scotland’s 4-H focus this year.

In addition to traditional programming, 4-H offers a summer day-camp held in-county titled “4-HBoot Camp”. Boot Camp is a partnership between 4-H and 4-H EFNEP that offers a free, 10-week summer program that combines health and physical fitness with social and life skills. This camp averages approximately 65 youth per week, ages 5-18.

Finally, the 4-H EFNEP Program was active in the county with 6 schools, churches, and daycares hosting 458 classes with over 6,897 youth contacts. Surveys conducted after the conclusion of each session indicated that 54% of participants increased their level of daily physical activity. Additionally, 94% of participating youth were able to identify and make healthier food choices.

II. County Background

Scotland County is located in southeastern North Carolina adjacent to the South Carolina border. The county has a total area of 204,262 acres; spanning 18 miles east to west and 25 miles north to south. Scotland County is located halfway between Charlotte and Wilmington. In 2017, the population was 35,711 with approximately 44% White, 38% Black, 11% American Indian, and 7% other.

Nearly 16,000 people live in Laurinburg, the county seat. Gibson, Wagram, East Laurinburg, Laurel Hill, and a part of the town of Maxton make up the various other communities in the county. Of the approximately 36,000 people living in the county, 17,872 are considered rural with 509 living on farms.

According to the North Carolina Department of Agriculture's website, 150 farms are located in the county with an average farm size of 346 acres. The major crops produced are cotton, soybeans, corn, and small grains. Major animal production includes swine, cattle, and poultry. The estimated cash receipts from the sale of farm products in 2017 were approximate $95 million.

The median family income is $30,013 with a total of 15,233 housing units in the county. The unemployment rate for 2018 was the highest in the state. Scotland County is considered a TIER 1 county based on economic indicators. In 2018, 31.5% of the county population lives at or below the state poverty level.

The Scotland County School system has 11 schools, which enroll approximately 6,000 children annually. Additionally, St. Andrews Presbyterian University is located in Scotland County with an average enrollment of 900 students.

The Environmental Scanning process utilized secondary data collected from Scotland County Department of Social Services, The Rural Center, North Carolina A&T University, Scotland County Health Department, Scotland County Partnership for Children and Families, Juvenile Justice, North Carolina Employment Security Commission, The Small Business Technology Development Center, and the Scotland County Economic Development Plan. The Scotland County Advisory Council and various focus group assisted in prioritizing county issues and needs in an environmental scan conducted in 2017. The following needs will be addressed by the 2019 Plan of Work.

1. Need for Economic Development Opportunities
2. Overweight/Obese Youth and Adults
3. Natural Resources Protected
4. Need for Structured Activities and Positive Role Models for Youth
5. Lack of Parenting Skills/Family Management
6. Need for Family Financial Management Skills

North Carolina Cooperative Extension is in a unique position to provide educational programming to various groups based on the identified needs. Taking research-based information generated at North Carolina State University and North Carolina A & T State University can provide Scotland County citizens with much-needed information to meet the needs of the county.

III. Objectives to Address the Cooperative Extension Long Range Plan

Our family and consumer sciences programs improve the well-being of individuals, families, and communities.

Value* Outcome Description
41Number of adults increasing knowledge of life skills (such as goal setting, stress management, self-care and healthy relationships)
35Number of adults increasing their knowledge of community resources
2Number of adults and professionals increasing their knowledge of human development over the life course and emerging best practices in parenting and caregiving
3Number of parents and other caregivers of children increasing their knowledge of positive parenting practices (such as communication and discipline)
35Number of people gaining basic financial management knowledge and/or skills (such as; budgeting, record keeping, goal setting, writing goals, consumer decision-making)
35Number of people gaining knowledge and/or skills in managing financial products and financial identity (such as; credit, debt management, identify theft, credit reports and scores, scams, banking skills)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
5Number of adults using effective life skills (such as goal setting, stress management, self-care and healthy relationships)
9Number of adults increasing their use of identified community resources
31Number of professionals using learned best practices with children/youth/adults/older adults
1Number of parents/other caregivers of children adopting positive parenting practices (such as communication and discipline)
15Number of professionals granted CEUs, certifications, or other work- or volunteer-related credentials
9Number of people implementing basic financial management strategies (such as; developing a budget, keeping records, etc.)
5Number of people actively managing their financial accounts and financial identity (such as; obtaining credit reports, choosing among credit products, implementing identity theft safeguards, opening or selecting bank accounts, etc.)
3Number of people accessing programs and implementing strategies to support family economic well-being
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Our plant production programs improve production, profitability, and sustainability of the agriculture sector.

Value* Outcome Description
15Number of pesticide applicators receiving continuing education credits
6Number of pesticide credit hours provided
2Number of Certified Crops Advisors receiving continuing education credits
30Number of crop (all plant systems) producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
4Number of Extension initiated and controlled county demonstration test sites
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
20Number of producers (and other members of the local food supply chain) who have increased revenue
20Number of crop (all plant systems) producers adopting best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Our animal production programs improve production, profitability, and sustainability of the agriculture sector.

Value* Outcome Description
12Number of animal producers who increased knowledge of farm business management, business planning, financial management, marketing, or estate planning.
10Number of producers who increased knowledge of pasture/forage management practices (field improvement, herbicide management, grazing season extension, weed control, forage quality, haylage production, nitrate testing, etc.)
3Number of producers who increased knowledge of nutrition, ration balancing, mineral supplements, breeding, and reproduction
3Number of producers who increased knowledge of the strategies to promote animal health and welfare and reduce the potential for infectious diseases through proper use of vaccines, biosecurity, detection and identification of common diseases, appropriate use of animal medications, and mitigation of antimicrobial resistance transmission
8Number of producers who increased knowledge of animal waste management practices
2Number of Extension conducted on-site sludge surveys or equipment calibrations
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
8Number of producers (and other members of the local food supply chain) who have increased revenue
2Number of producers implementing Extension-recommended best management practices for animal waste management
5Number of producers who adopted Extension-recommended best management practices and production changes related to quality assurance (vaccinations, castration, culling techniques, etc.)
2Number of producers who adopted Extension-recommended best management practices and production changes related to genetic improvement (AI, heifer/bull selection)
12Number of producers who adopted Extension-recommended best management practices related to pasture management
5Number of producers who adopted Extension-recommended best management practices and production changes related to nutrition, ration balancing, mineral supplement, breeding, and reproduction
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Our 4-H youth development programs grow the skills young people need to succeed in life and career.

Value* Outcome Description
72Number of teachers trained in 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum
2796Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
1396Total number of female participants in STEM program
2796Number of youth (students) participating in 4-H dropout prevention (student at-risk) programs
2796Number of youth increasing knowledge of life skills
195Number of children/youth who improved knowledge of local food and agricultural systems.
2796Number of youth increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
2796Number of youth demonstrating increased knowledge of natural resources and environmental issues
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
9Number of teachers using 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum in their classrooms
2796Number of youth (students) gaining career / employability skills
1612Number of youth using effective life skills
4Number of youth willing to participate in conservation actions
1589Number of youth increasing their physical activity
2Number of youth volunteers serving in new or expanded roles within Extension
2Number of youth volunteers serving in new or expanded roles beyond Extension, including community boards and task forces
12Number of youth assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Our natural resource and environmental programs conserve our precious natural resources and maintain a clean and healthy environment.

Our consumer horticulture programs teach families and communities about environmentally friendly methods for gardening and controlling pests.

Value* Outcome Description
6Number of individuals who gain knowledge or acquire skills related to vegetable/fruit gardening
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
6Number of individuals who grow food in community gardens.
8Number of individuals who begin home food production by starting a vegetable and/or fruit garden
59Number of participants who use extension-recommended best management practices in landscapes, turf, and gardens, including pest (insect, weed, disease, wildlife) and soil management
14Number of participants selecting appropriate landscape plants (adapted, drought tolerant, appropriate size, etc.)
10Number of participants growing food for home consumption
4Number of participants adopting composting
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Our food safety and nutrition programs create a safer and more sustainable food supply and improve the health and nutrition of individuals, families, and our communities.

Value* Outcome Description
7Number of participants who increase their knowledge of safe home food handling, preservation, or preparation practices
80Number of school personnel who increase their knowledge of School HACCP principles
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
24Number of adults increasing their fruit and vegetables consumption
70Number of participants increasing their physical activity
17Number of participants who consume less sodium in their diet
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

IV. Other Objectives

2019 Scotland POW

V. Number of Contacts Made by Extension

Type of ContactNumber
Face-to-face* 10,781
Non face-to-face** 347,197
Total by Extension staff in 2019 357,978
* Face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make directly with individuals through one-on-one visits, meetings, and other activities where staff members work directly with individuals.
** Non face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make indirectly with individuals by telephone, email, newsletters, news articles, radio, television, and other means.

VI. Designated Grants Received by Extension

Type of GrantAmount
Contracts/Grants $2,500.00
Gifts/Donations $45.00
In-Kind Grants/Donations $0.00
United Way/Foundations $10,000.00
User Fees $930.00
Total $13,475.00

VII. Volunteer Involvement in Extension Programs

Number of Volunteers* Number of Volunteer Hours Known client contacts by volunteers Dollar Value at 25.43
4-H 43 103 312 $ 2,619.00
EFNEP 41 515 1004 $ 13,096.00
Extension Community Association 10 43 16 $ 1,093.00
Extension Master Gardener 23 21 239 $ 534.00
Other: Community, Family & Individual Development 65 68 37 $ 1,729.00
Other: Food & Nutrition 16 53 8 $ 1,348.00
Total: 198 803 1616 $ 20,420.00
* The number of volunteers reflects the overall number of volunteers for multiple events.

VIII. Membership of Advisory Leadership System

Scotland County Extension Advisory Council
Brenda Gilbert
Gray Gilbert
Leon Butler
Dorothy Tyson
Beatrice Sams
Joe Barnhill
Joann Barnhill
Bonnie Kelly
Steve Herlocker
April Snead
Scotland County 4-H Advisory Committee
Sommore Terry
Mikiko Fludd
Dot Coble
Johnie Gorham
Shaunee McLaurin (youth)
Iris Hamilton
Daniel bridges (youth)
Kathie Cox
Sharon Davis
angela stephens
dorothy tyson

Family and Consumer Sciences Advisory Committee
Mitchell McIver
Corniela Mceachin
Kathie Cox
Doris Graham
Noren Sanford
jennifer Byrd
sandra alford
essie davis
haley powell
dawn everett

IX. Staff Membership

Randy Wood
Title: County Extension Director
Phone: (910) 277-2422
Email: randy_wood@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Livestock and Forages

Jenny Carleo
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Grain Crops
Phone: (704) 873-0507
Email: jscarleo@ncsu.edu

Sharon English
Title: Extension Agent, Family and Consumer Sciences
Phone: (910) 277-2422
Email: sharon_english@ncsu.edu

Angela Galloway
Title: Extension Agent, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (910) 277-2422
Email: angela_galloway@ncsu.edu

Richard Goforth
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Poultry
Phone: (910) 893-7530
Email: richard_goforth@ncsu.edu

Marissa Herchler
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Animal Food Safety (FSMA Programs)
Phone: (919) 515-5396
Email: marissa_herchler@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marissa is an Area Specialized Agent for animal food safety, with emphasis on the new Food Safety Modernization Act rules, as they apply to feed mills in North Carolina. Please contact Marissa with any FSMA related questions, or PCQI training inquiries.

Stacey Jones
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Commercial Nursery and Greenhouse
Phone: (704) 920-3310
Email: stacey_jones@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: I work with commercial greenhouses and nurseries to help them with growing related issues. These issues range from pests (insect, disease, and weeds), substrates, nutrition, and other miscellaneous topics.

Peggie Lewis Joyce
Title: Area 4-H Agent - Central Region
Phone: (336) 242-2080
Email: peggie_lewis@ncsu.edu

Colby Lambert
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Forestry
Phone: (910) 814-6041
Email: colby_lambert@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides educational opportunities and technical support to forest landowners, agents, and forest industry in eastern North Carolina.

Hazel McPhatter
Title: EFNEP Educator, Extension Program Associate
Phone: (910) 277-2422
Email: hazel_mcphatter@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Nutrition Program Associate 4-H EFNEP. Provides nutrition education for Scotland County youth.

Brittany Miller
Title: County Extension Administrative Assistant
Phone: (910) 277-2422
Email: brittany_c_miller@ncsu.edu

Shannon Newton
Title: Area Agent, Agriculture - Horticulture
Phone: (910) 875-3461
Email: shannon_newton@ncsu.edu

Currey Nobles
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9520
Email: canobles@ncsu.edu

Elena Rogers
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Food Safety - Fresh Produce Western NC
Phone: (828) 352-2519
Email: elena_rogers@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provide educational programs, training and technical support focusing on fresh produce safety to Agents and growers in Western NC.

Allan Thornton
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Commercial Vegetables and Fruits
Phone: (910) 592-7161
Email: allan_thornton@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Vegetable Extension Specialist. Conducts Extension and applied research programs for commercial vegetable and fruit growers and agents in eastern North Carolina.

Mitch Woodward
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Watersheds and Water Quality
Phone: (919) 414-3873
Email: mdwoodwa@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: NC Cooperative Extension's Goals include: - NC's natural resources and environmental quality will be protected, conserved and enhanced. - NC will have profitable, environmentally sustainable plant, animal and food systems. Protecting our environmental resources, particularly drinking water quality, is a top priority in NC. NC Cooperative Extension is a leader in teaching, researching, and accelerating the adoption of effective water quality protection practices.

X. Contact Information

Scotland County Center
231 E Cronly St
Suite 800
Laurinburg, NC 28352

Phone: (910) 277-2422
Fax: (910) 277-2426
URL: http://scotland.ces.ncsu.edu