2018 Scotland County Program Impact Report

Approved: January 24, 2019

I. Executive Summary

In 2018, Scotland County Cooperative Extension conducted educational programs in the areas of agriculture, local foods, food safety, and 4-H youth development. In programs and events conducted throughout the county, 15,841 citizens were impacted through 166 educational events. 450 farmers, food service employees and Master Gardner’s received continuing education credits as required by their businesses and certifications. Throughout the year, 276 volunteers donated 870 hours of their time to assist in delivering programs in the community. This equates to $21,480 of in-kind labor donations. In addition, $23,560 were generated through grants, user fees, and program contributions.

Highlights from 2018 educational activities include;

Scotland Grows, our Local Food Council, created with the assistance of Cooperative Extension hosted 2 events in 2018. In the spring, a tour showcasing local small farms and Agricultural businesses occurred with 52 people attending. In the fall, a collard cook-off was held at “Christmas on Main” highlighting local collard production and restaurants.

Horticultural Activities included a 6-week Extension Gardener Class, which was attended by 15 Scotland citizens. In addition, Master Gardner volunteers started a weekly program at the county library titled “Ask a Master Gardner” which was held each week in the Spring and Summer.

FoodCorps, a national service organization connecting kids to healthy food, was once again active in the Scotland County school system. Two elementary schools hosted this program for the 2017/2018 school year. FoodCorps has served 118 students, teaching hands-on lessons of agriculture, nutrition, and healthy eating.

Cooperative Extension continued to assist commercial and family farms in a number of ways. Technical assistance, farm visits as well as 7 large commodity-based information meetings were held in 2018. 256 farmers and pesticide applicators were able to receive technical training and certified recertification hours. Educational programs focused on livestock productions, row crop production, pesticide education, and nutrient management. Additionally, Scotland CES helped assist farmers and land-owners with crop losses and flooding that occurred as a result of the hurricanes that occurred in the fall of 2018. Scotland CES helped educate area farmers on disaster assistance and provided hands-on training for the nearly 50 Scotland County farms that applied for assistance.

In the area of Family and Consumer Sciences, numerous programs were conducted this past year. In Food Safety, ServSafe training was taught to 55 local food service professionals to prevent food-borne illnesses. With a single case of food-related illness costing an establishment $75,000, this training potentially saved the establishments $4,125,000. Additionally, 80 school cafeteria workers received HACCP (Hazardous Analysis Critical Control Point) food safety training. As a result of this training, employees learn to identify potential hazards in their food production process and how to incorporate actions to prevent these hazards from occurring.

A weekly line dancing program is offered by the Extension and Community Association (ECA). This program promotes physical activity to a diverse audience throughout the county. Participants have indicated health improvements including weight loss, improved blood pressure, increased energy level, improved balance, lower A1C (blood sugar) and improved social skills. Monthly blood pressure checks by Emergency Medical Service continued in 2018. The line-dancers perform monthly at a local elder care facility, and at other events throughout the year, such as school functions and senior programs, to promote exercise and healthy living. Other programs offered include financial management, cleaning 101, cooking/food demonstrations, Real Colors (personality instrument) and health and nutrition programs.

In addition to adult educational events, Scotland Cooperative Extension worked to improve the lives of youth in a number of ways.

In December, Scotland County 4-H hosted Fall Leaders Day. Fall Day was a one-day event held at St. Andrews College that included fun, interactive and educational workshops to adult volunteers who serve 4-H youth. There were more than seventy attendees from 8 different counties that participated in this event.

Traditional 4-H events in 2018 included programming that included robotics, hydroponics, gardening, culinary skills, food safety, and etiquette. Over 30 educational events were attended by 173 youth.

In addition to traditional programming, 4-H offers a summer day-camp held in-county titled “4-H Boot Camp”. Boot Camp is a partnership between 4-H and 4-H Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program (EFNEP) that offers a free, 10-week summer program that combines health and physical fitness with social and life skills. This camp averages approximately 65 youth per week, ages 5-18.

Finally, The 4-H EFNEP Program was active in the county with 6 schools, churches and daycares hosting 434 classes with over 1,126 youth participating. Surveys conducted after the conclusion of each session indicated that 51% of participants increased their level of daily physical activity. Additionally, 96% of participating youth were able to identify and make healthier food choices.

II. County Background

Scotland County is located in southeastern North Carolina adjacent to the South Carolina border. The county has a total area of 204,262 acres; spanning 18 miles east to west and 25 miles north to south. Scotland County is located halfway between Charlotte and Wilmington. In 2013, the population was 36,025 with approximately 47% White, 39% Black, 11% American Indian, and 3% other.

Nearly 16,000 people live in Laurinburg, the county seat. Gibson, Wagram, East Laurinburg, Laurel Hill, and a part of the town of Maxton make up the various other communities in the county. Of the approximately 36,000 people living in the county, 18,472 are considered rural with 546 living on farms.

According to the North Carolina Department of Agriculture's website, 190 farms are located in the county with an average farm size of 346 acres. The major crops produced are cotton, soybeans, corn, and small grains. Major animal production includes swine, cattle, and poultry. The estimated cash receipts from the sale of farm products in 2013 were approximate $81 million.

The median family income is $29,592 with a total of 15,233 housing units in the county. The unemployment rate for 2013 was the highest in the state. Scotland County is considered a TIER 1 county based on economic indicators.

The Scotland County School system has 13 schools, which enroll approximately 7,000 children annually. The 2013 SAT average score in Scotland was 1278 the state average is 1485. Additionally, St. Andrews Presbyterian University is located in Scotland County with an average enrollment of 900 students.

The Environmental Scanning process utilized secondary data collected from Scotland County Department of Social Services, The Rural Center, North Carolina A&T University, Scotland County Health Department, Scotland County Partnership for Children and Families, Juvenile Justice, North Carolina Employment Security Commission, The Small Business Technology Development Center, and the Scotland County Economic Development Plan. Also, key elected officials in the county were interviewed and a focus group was conducted in the summer of 2007. The Scotland County Advisory Council and the focus group assisted in prioritizing the issues and needs identified in the environmental scan. The following needs will be addressed by the 2017 Plan of Work.

1. Need for Economic Development Opportunities
2. Overweight/Obese Youth and Adults
3. Natural Resources Protected
4. Need for Structured Activities and Positive Role Models for Youth
5. Lack of Parenting Skills/Family Management
6. Need for Family Financial Management Skills

North Carolina Cooperative Extension is in a unique position to provide educational programming to various groups based on the identified needs. Taking research-based information generated at North Carolina State University and North Carolina A & T State University can provide Scotland County citizens with much-needed information to meet the needs of the county.

III. Objectives to Address the Cooperative Extension Long Range Plan

North Carolina's plant production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.

Value* Outcome Description
54Number of crop (all plant systems) producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
2Number of Extension initiated and controlled County demonstration test sites (new required for GLF/PSI reporting)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
48Number of crop (all plant systems) producers adopting best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
150000Net income gains realized by the adoption of best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
23Number of producers reporting increased dollar returns per acre or reduced costs per acre
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

North Carolina's animal production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.

Value* Outcome Description
27Number of animal producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
27Number of animal producers adopting Extension-recommended best management practices, including those practices related to husbandry, improved planning, marketing, and financial practices
35000Net income gains by producers adopting Extension-recommended best management practices, including those practices related to husbandry, improved planning, marketing, and financial practices
8Number of animal producers implementing Extension-recommended best management practices for animal waste management
18Number of waste management certifications gained or maintained due to Extension education efforts
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Producers will increase sales of food locally to more agriculturally aware consumers through market development, producer and consumer education, and new farmer and infrastructure support.

Value* Outcome Description
4Number of producers who gain skills or knowledge to increase production for local markets.
50Number of adults (including producers, food business owners, etc.) who improved knowledge of local food and agricultural systems.
450Number of children/youth who improved knowledge of local food and agricultural systems.
2Number of producers who improve local food marketing skills or knowledge.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
23Number of new and existing access points for consumers that expand or improve their offering of local fruits and vegetables. Access points include farmers markets, retail stores, school food programs, community gardens, institutions other than schools (e.g. hospitals, universities, etc.), and other systems/access points not noted (e.g. restaurants, etc.).
1Number of producers (and other members of the local food supply chain) who have increased revenue.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Individuals and groups will acquire leadership and decision making capacities needed to guide and actively participate in local and state organizations.

Value* Outcome Description
4Number of adults increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
2Number of adults assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
18Number of youth increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
3Number of youth assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
4Number of adults increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
2Number of adults assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
18Number of youth increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
3Number of youth assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Youth and adults will address community issues and/or challenges through volunteerism.

Value* Outcome Description
72Number of adult participants acquiring the skills needed to serve as a volunteer
9Number of youth participants reporting aspirations to serve in new or expanded volunteer roles in community
62Number of adult participants reporting aspirations to serve in new or expanded volunteer roles in community
119Number of hours adult volunteer training conducted
39Number of hours youth volunteer training conducted
56Number new volunteers recruited
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
32Increased number of hours contributed by trained adult volunteers
4Number of youth volunteers serving in new or expanded roles within Extension
2Number of adult volunteers serving in new or expanded roles within Extension
4Number of youth volunteers serving in new or expanded roles beyond Extension, including community boards and task forces
2Number of adult volunteers serving in new or expanded roles beyond Extension, including community boards and task forces
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Adults and youth will apply financial management practices to increase their economic security, which include to: meet basic necessities, increase savings, reduce debt, and build long-term assets.

Value* Outcome Description
109Number of people gaining basic financial management knowledge and/or skills (such as; budgeting, record keeping, goal setting, writing goals, consumer decision-making)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
3Number of people implementing basic financial management strategies (such as; developing a budget, keeping records, etc.)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Futures that Work: School to Career Pathways

Value* Outcome Description
6Number of teachers trained in 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum
2308Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
158Total number of female participants in STEM program
2308Number of youth (students) participating in 4-H dropout prevention (student at-risk) programs
4Number of high school age youth (students) participating as members of 4-H clubs
2308Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge of career/employability skills
47Number of adults increasing knowledge of career/employability skills
231Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge of entrepreneurship
231Number of adults increasing knowledge of entrepreneurship
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
6Number of teachers using 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum in their classrooms
2308Number of youth (students) gaining knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
2308Number of youth (students) gaining career / employability skills
47Number of adults gaining career / employability skills
2308Number of youth (students) gaining entrepreneurship skills
47Number of adults gaining entrepreneurship skills
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Consumers and communities will enhance the value of plants, animals, and landscapes while conserving valuable natural resources and protecting the environment.

Value* Outcome Description
10Number of participants improving knowledge, attitude, skills and aspirations regarding gardening and landscape practices including plant selection and placement, turfgrass management, soil management, growing food, water conservation and water quality preservation, storm water and erosion management, green waste management, pest and wildlife management
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
285Number of participants who use extension-recommended best management practices in landscapes, turf, and gardens, including pest (insect, weed, disease) management, fertility management, water conservation, water quality preservation and pruning techniques
28500Total cost savings from the use of extension-recommended best management practices in landscapes, turf, and gardens, including pest (insect, weed, disease) management, fertility management, water conservation, water quality preservation and pruning techniques
142Number of participants who use extension-recommended pest management practices in homes, public facilities, businesses or in community pest management programs
7100Cost savings from using extension-recommended pest management practices in homes, public facilities, businesses or in community pest management programs
90Number of participants selecting appropriate landscape plants (adapted, drought tolerant, appropriate size, etc.)
4500Cost savings from the appropriate selection of landscape plants
1050Value of produce grown for home consumption
1450Costs savings from implementing extension-recommended practices to conserve water use and protect water qualtiy
18Number of participants implementing extension-recommended practices to conserve water use and protect water qualtiy
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Youth and adult program participants will make healthy food choices, achieve the recommended amount of physical activity and reduce risk factors for chronic diseases.

Value* Impact Description
49Number of adults increasing their fruit and vegetables consumption
3900Number of youth increasing their fruit and vegetable consumption
3919Number of participants increasing their physical activity
394Number of participants reducing their BMI
18Number of adults who reduce their blood pressure
8Number of adults who improve their blood glucose (A1c.)level
12Number of adults who reduce their total cholesterol
21Number of participants who consume less sodium in their diet
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

IV. Number of Contacts Made by Extension

Type of ContactNumber
Face-to-face* 9,110
Non face-to-face** 6,691
Total by Extension staff in 2018 15,801
* Face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make directly with individuals through one-on-one visits, meetings, and other activities where staff members work directly with individuals.
** Non face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make indirectly with individuals by telephone, email, newsletters, news articles, radio, television, and other means.

V. Designated Grants Received by Extension

Type of GrantAmount
Contracts/Grants $7,990.00
Gifts/Donations $895.00
In-Kind Grants/Donations $0.00
United Way/Foundations $10,000.00
User Fees $6,376.43
Total $25,261.43

VI. Volunteer Involvement in Extension Programs

Number of Volunteers* Number of Volunteer Hours Known client contacts by volunteers Dollar Value at 24.69
4-H: 41 390 229 $ 9,629.00
Advisory Leadership System: 14 5 12 $ 123.00
Extension Community Association: 11 69 224 $ 1,704.00
Extension Master Gardener: 17 70 82 $ 1,728.00
Other: 193 336 1,375 $ 8,296.00
Total: 276 870 1922 $ 21,480.00
* The number of volunteers reflects the overall number of volunteers for multiple events.

VII. Membership of Advisory Leadership System

Scotland County Extension Advisory Council
Brenda Gilbert
Gray Gilbert
Leon Butler
Dorothy Tyson
Beatrice Sams
Joe Barnhill
Joann Barnhill
Bonnie Kelly
Steve Herlocker
April Snead
Scotland County 4-H Advisory Committee
Sommore Terry
Mikiko Fludd
Dot Coble
Johnie Gorham
Shaunee McLaurin (youth)
Iris Hamilton
Daniel bridges (youth)
Kathie Cox
Sharon Davis
angela stephens
dorothy tyson

Family and Consumer Sciences Advisory Committee
Mitchell McIver
Corniela Mceachin
Kathie Cox
Doris Graham
Noren Sanford
jennifer Byrd
sandra alford
essie davis
haley powell
dawn everett

VIII. Staff Membership

Randy Wood
Title: County Extension Director
Phone: (910) 277-2422
Email: randy_wood@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Livestock and Forages

Sharon English
Title: Extension Agent, Family and Consumer Sciences
Phone: (910) 277-2422
Email: sharon_english@ncsu.edu

Angela Galloway
Title: Extension Agent, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (910) 277-2422
Email: angela_galloway@ncsu.edu

Richard Goforth
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Poultry
Phone: (704) 283-3801
Email: richard_goforth@ncsu.edu

Marissa Herchler
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Animal Food Safety (FSMA Programs)
Phone: (919) 515-5396
Email: marissa_herchler@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marissa is an Area Specialized Agent for animal food safety, with emphasis on the new Food Safety Modernization Act rules, as they apply to feed mills in North Carolina. Please contact Marissa with any FSMA related questions, or PCQI training inquiries.

Stacey Jones
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Commercial Nursery and Greenhouse
Phone: (704) 920-3310
Email: stacey_jones@ncsu.edu

Colby Lambert
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Forestry
Phone: (910) 814-6041
Email: colby_lambert@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides educational opportunities and technical support to forest landowners, agents, and forest industry in eastern North Carolina.

Bill Lord
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Water Resources
Phone: (919) 496-3344
Email: william_lord@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Water quality education and technical assistance

Rachel McDowell
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Consumer and Retail Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9155
Email: romcdowe@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Support FCS Agents in delivering timely and evidence-based food safety education and information to stakeholders in NC.

Hazel McPhatter
Title: EFNEP Educator, Extension Program Associate
Phone: (910) 277-2422
Email: hazel_mcphatter@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Nutrition Program Associate 4-H EFNEP. Provides nutrition education for Scotland County youth.

Shannon Newton
Title: Area Agent, Agriculture - Horticulture
Phone: (910) 875-3461
Email: shannon_newton@ncsu.edu

Currey Nobles
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9520
Email: canobles@ncsu.edu

Elena Rogers
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Food Safety - Fresh Produce Western NC
Phone: (828) 352-2519
Email: elena_rogers@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provide educational programs, training and technical support focusing on fresh produce safety to Agents and growers in Western NC.

Allan Thornton
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Commercial Vegetables and Fruits
Phone: (910) 592-7161
Email: allan_thornton@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Vegetable Extension Specialist. Conducts Extension and applied research programs for commercial vegetable and fruit growers and agents in eastern North Carolina.

Mitch Woodward
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Watersheds and Water Quality
Phone: (919) 250-1112
Email: mdwoodwa@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: NC Cooperative Extension's Goals include: - NC's natural resources and environmental quality will be protected, conserved and enhanced. - NC will have profitable, environmentally sustainable plant, animal and food systems. Protecting our environmental resources, particularly drinking water quality, is a top priority in NC. NC Cooperative Extension is a leader in teaching, researching, and accelerating the adoption of effective water quality protection practices.

IX. Contact Information

Scotland County Center
231 E Cronly St
Suite 800
Laurinburg, NC 28352

Phone: (910) 277-2422
Fax: (910) 277-2426
URL: http://scotland.ces.ncsu.edu