2017 Scotland County Program Impact Report

Approved: January 25, 2018

I. Executive Summary

In 2017, Scotland County Cooperative Extension Service conducted educational programs in the areas of agriculture, local foods, food safety and 4-H youth development. In programs and events conducted throughout the county, 15,188 citizens were impacted through 449 educational events. 103 farmers, food service employees and Master Gardner’s received continuing education credits as required by their businesses and certifications. Throughout the year, 449 volunteers donated 1,388 hours of their time to assist in delivering programs in the community. This equates to $33,506 of in-kind labor donations. In addition, $19,541 were generated through grants, user fees, and program contributions.


Scotland County 4-H conducted several programs in 2017 to meet the needs of families and youth. Scotland 4-H conducted 43 youth programs and 10 programs for adult volunteers. Youth programs ranged in the areas of science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM), leadership, teambuilding, citizenship, community service and workforce development.

Due to the success of the workforce development module piloted in Scotland county in previous years, in 2017 4-H partnered with Scots for Youth, whose mission is to provide supportive community programs to prevent and/or deter juvenile delinquency. Both agencies worked together to facilitate the 4-H Employee Work Readiness, a workforce development program that assists middle school and high-school aged youth to develop skills that will help them prepare for the workforce and college settings.

Scotland County 4-H collaborated with Scotland County 4-H EFNEP (Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program) to facilitate a 9-week, free summer youth program. This program combined the 4-H experience of interactive, hands-on learning by doing with EFNEP’s physical fitness and healthy lifestyles activities. In addition to life-skills and physical activities, participating youth were provided two meals per day through the summer feeding program. Approximately 120 Scotland County families benefited from an affordable and safe summer program with adults and volunteers that encompassed reading, writing and math skills, minimizing the educational gap that so many youth experience over the summer. There were approximately 60 youth, ages 5-18 that participated each week during the summer.

Scotland County 4-H Expanded Food Nutrition Education Program (EFNEP) provides youth with basic nutrition concepts and helps to improve their food preparation and safety skills. It also fosters positive dietary behaviors that they will carry with them into and throughout adulthood. The 4-H EFNEP Program was active in the county with 9 schools, churches and daycares hosting 529 classes with over 1,196 youth participating. Surveys conducted after the conclusion of each session indicated that 70% of participants increased their level of daily physical activity. Additionally, 96% of participating youth were able to identify and make healthier food choices. A total of 59 volunteers contributed over 624 hours toward program support.

In the area of Family and Consumer Sciences, numerous programs were conducted this past year. In Food Safety, ServSafe training was taught to 46 local food service professionals to prevent food-borne illnesses. With a single case of food poisoning costing an establishment $75,000, this potentially saved the county $3,400,000. Additionally, 83 school cafeteria workers received HACCP (Hazardous Analysis Critical Control Point) food safety training. As a result of this training, employees learned to identify potential hazards in their food production process and how to incorporate actions to prevent these hazards from occurring.

A weekly line dancing program is offered by the Extension and Community Association (ECA). This program promotes physical activity to a diverse audience throughout the county. In a recent survey, 43 regular attendees indicated improvements in their lives, including; improved blood pressure, weight loss, improvement in balance, increase in energy level and improved social skills. In 2017, two additional health monitoring programs were implemented. Participants complete monthly health improvement update forms, and a monthly blood pressure check is now available through a collaboration with Scotland County EMS.

In agriculture, Scotland CES works with homeowners, gardeners, and farmers to ensure a safe, nutritious and profitable food production system in Scotland County. A major program success in 2017 was Cooperative Extension leading the way in forming a local food council. ScotLandGrows was chartered in the fall of 2017. Their mission is to support local farmers and provide education to Scotland citizens on the importance of buying locally and healthy eating

Scotland County Cooperative Extension partnered once again with the school system to host FoodCorps, which is a national service organization connecting kids to healthy food. Two elementary schools hosted this program for the 2015/2016 school year. FoodCorps has served 133 students, teaching hands-on lessons of agriculture, nutrition, and healthy eating.

The horticulture program was active in 2017. A regional master gardener training was held where 16 citizens earned their Master Gardner certification over a period of 8 weekly trainings. Additionally, 59 educational events were held for beekeepers, produce farmers, gardeners, and 4-H classes. 

Cooperative Extension continued to assist commercial farms in a number of ways. Technical assistance and farm visits, as well as 8 large commodity-based information meetings, were held in 2017.  Educational programs focused on livestock productions, row crop production, pesticide education and nutrient management. The value to local farmers was $138,000.

II. County Background

Scotland County is located in southeastern North Carolina adjacent to the South Carolina border. The county has a total area of 204,262 acres; spanning 18 miles east to west and 25 miles north to south. Scotland County is located halfway between Charlotte and Wilmington. In 2013, the population was 36,025 with approximately 47% White, 39% Black, 11% American Indian, and 3% other.

Nearly 16,000 people live in Laurinburg, the county seat. Gibson, Wagram, East Laurinburg, Laurel Hill, and a part of the town of Maxton make up the various other communities in the county. Of the approximately 36,000 people living in the county, 18,472 are considered rural with 546 living on farms.

According to the North Carolina Department of Agriculture's website, 190 farms are located in the county with an average farm size of 346 acres. The major crops produced are cotton, soybeans, corn, and small grains. Major animal production includes swine, cattle, and poultry. The estimated cash receipts from the sale of farm products in 2013 were approximate $81 million.

The median family income is $29,592 with a total of 15,233 housing units in the county. The unemployment rate for 2013 was the highest in the state. Scotland County is considered a TIER 1 county based on economic indicators.

The Scotland County School system has 13 schools, which enroll approximately 7,000 children annually. The 2013 SAT average score in Scotland was 1278 the state average is 1485. Additionally, St. Andrews Presbyterian University is located in Scotland County with an average enrollment of 900 students.

The Environmental Scanning process utilized secondary data collected from Scotland County Department of Social Services, The Rural Center, North Carolina A&T University, Scotland County Health Department, Scotland County Partnership for Children and Families, Juvenile Justice, North Carolina Employment Security Commission, The Small Business Technology Development Center, and the Scotland County Economic Development Plan. Also, key elected officials in the county were interviewed and a focus group was conducted in the summer of 2007. The Scotland County Advisory Council and the focus group assisted in prioritizing the issues and needs identified in the environmental scan. The following needs will be addressed by the 2017 Plan of Work.

1. Need for Economic Development Opportunities
2. Overweight/Obese Youth and Adults
3. Natural Resources Protected
4. Need for Structured Activities and Positive Role Models for Youth
5. Lack of Parenting Skills/Family Management
6. Need for Family Financial Management Skills

North Carolina Cooperative Extension is in a unique position to provide educational programming to various groups based on the identified needs. Taking research-based information generated at North Carolina State University, and North Carolina A & T State University can provide Scotland County citizens with much needed information to meet the needs of the county.

III. Objectives to Address the Cooperative Extension Long Range Plan

North Carolina's plant production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.
North Carolina's agricultural crops industry makes major contributions to local communities and the state’s economy. In 2014, the estimated farm gate value of crops was $4.72 billion, placing NC as the 17th largest in the nation. North Carolina is one of the most diversified agriculture states in the nation. The state's 50,200 farmers grow over 80 different commodities, utilizing 8.4 million of the state's 31 million acres to furnish consumers a dependable and affordable supply of food and fiber. Tobacco remains one of the state's most predominant farm commodities. North Carolina produces more tobacco and sweet potatoes than any other state and ranks second in Christmas tree cash receipts. The state also produces a significant amount of cucumbers for pickles, lima beans, turnip greens, collard greens, mustard greens, strawberries, bell peppers, blueberries, chili peppers, fresh market cucumbers, snap beans, cabbage, eggplant, watermelons, pecans, peaches, squash, apples, sweet corn, tomatoes, and grapes. There is continual technological change and the relative profitability of individual farm enterprises changes over time; therefore, farmers must respond by modifying their farming operations. Changes in consumer demand create new opportunities for producers. Growth in alternative forms of agriculture will include, among others, organic and niche market production. Educational and training programs for producers of plant agricultural products and services will enhance their ability to achieve financial and lifestyle goals and to enhance economic development locally, regionally and statewide.
Value* Outcome Description
59Number of crop (all plant systems) producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
2Number of Extension initiated and controlled County demonstration test sites (new required for GLF/PSI reporting)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
59Number of crop (all plant systems) producers adopting best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
180000Net income gains realized by the adoption of best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
10Number of producers reporting increased dollar returns per acre or reduced costs per acre
50Tons of feedstock delivered to processor
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
North Carolina's animal production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.
North Carolina's livestock industry makes major contributions to local communities and the state’s economy. In 2014, the estimated farm gate value of livestock, dairy, and poultry was $8.85 billion, placing NC as the 7th largest in the nation. Hogs & pigs have historically been an important part of North Carolina agriculture. The industry has changed dramatically since the 1980s from the small farm raising a few hogs to large confinement type operations. North Carolina's number of cattle & calves on farms has remained relatively stable throughout time. Milk cow inventory and milk production have continued to decline in the state. Unlike other commodities, broiler production in North Carolina is increasing throughout the state. There is continual technological change and the relative profitability of individual farm enterprises changes over time; therefore, farmers must respond by modifying their farming operations. Changes in consumer demand create new opportunities for producers. Growth in alternative forms of agriculture will include, among others, organic, niche market production, and pasture-raised livestock. Educational and training programs for producers of animal agricultural products and services will enhance their ability to achieve financial and lifestyle goals and to enhance economic development locally, regionally and statewide.
Value* Outcome Description
25Number of animal producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
26Number of animal producers adopting Extension-recommended best management practices, including those practices related to husbandry, improved planning, marketing, and financial practices
50000Net income gains by producers adopting Extension-recommended best management practices, including those practices related to husbandry, improved planning, marketing, and financial practices
13Number of animal producers implementing Extension-recommended best management practices for animal waste management
20Number of waste management certifications gained or maintained due to Extension education efforts
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Producers will increase sales of food locally to more agriculturally aware consumers through market development, producer and consumer education, and new farmer and infrastructure support.
Farmers will increase their capacity to supply product for local food sales through market planning efforts, producer and consumer education, beginning farmer training programs and local market infrastructure development. The fastest growing area of consumer demand in agriculture continues to be organic. Farmers' markets continue to expand as do multiple efforts in local sustainable agriculture. Nationally, "Buy Local, Buy Fresh" movements have emerged in the face of concerns about the risks involved in long distance transportation of industrialized food production. Increasingly, public officials and business leaders see promotion of local farm products as good public policy and local economic development. Additionally, individuals will learn to supplement their current diet by growing their own fruits and vegetables as individuals or as community groups.
Value* Outcome Description
9Number of adults (including producers, food business owners, etc.) who improved knowledge of local food and agricultural systems.
6Number of producers who improve local food marketing skills or knowledge.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Agricultural producers, workers, food handlers and consumers will adopt safer food and agricultural production, handling, and distribution practices that reduce workplace and home injuries/illnesses, enhance food security, and increase the quality and safety of food that North Carolinians prepare and consume.
Training and educational programs for farmers, agricultural workers, food handlers, and consumers will provide research-based programming, materials, information and expertise to compel these individuals to implement practices relating to the overall safety and security for the food supply and farming systems. Components of this include on-farm, packinghouse, and transportation management, retail and food service establishments, and consumer’s homes. Therefore targeted audiences include farmers and agricultural workers and their families, food handlers and workers (both amateur and commercial), transporters, processors, business operators, food service and retail staff, supervisors of any food facility, long term care facility staff and individuals who purchase, prepare and serve food in their homes. With an estimated 76 million foodborne illnesses annually, costing an estimated $1.4 trillion, food safety highlights a specific area of risk to be addressed by Cooperative Extension. The recent produce-related foodborne illness outbreaks have brought public attention to a problem that has been increasing nationally for the last ten years. The issues of foodborne illness and food safety pose immediate risks for farmers affecting the areas of economics, consumer demand, and market access. Because no processing or kill steps are involved with produce that is typically eaten raw, the best measures to limit microorganisms and fresh produce related illness are to prevent microbes from contaminating the product. Practices like Good Agricultural Practices (GAPs), Good Handling Practices (GHPs), and Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points (HACCP) represent a systematic preventive approach to food safety, protecting agricultural products as they move from farm to retail and restaurants and finally to families. While there is currently no legal requirements for growers to implement GAPs, buyers have responded to the public concern by requiring their produce growers to adhere to current guidelines and possibly even require GAPs certification. The main areas of concern incorporate production, harvesting, packing, and transporting produce in the areas of water quality, manure management, domestic and wildlife management, worker health and hygiene, transportation, traceability, and documentation. For North Carolina growers to be competitive and produce safe product, it is important that they gain knowledge about and implement food safety programs that minimize physical, chemical and biological hazards Food safety risks do not stop at primary production. As risks associated with pathogens can occur at many junctions between primary production and consumption, food safety is a truly farm-to-fork issue. The World Health Organization and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have defined 5 factors that lead to foodborne illness outbreaks: Inadequate cooking or processing procedures; improper storage and holding temperatures, cross-contamination between potentially contaminated raw materials and ready-to-eat foods (either directly or through poor sanitation); and poor implementation of personal hygiene practices. The preventative steps targeting risk reduction taken at each of the components making up the food supply chain are critical in preventing food-borne illness. Educational programs including ServSAFE, School HACCP workshops, food safety at childcare and senior centers, and targeted farm-to-fork food safety inclusion for all food handlers is necessary for important for advances in knowledge and implementation of preventative programs. Equally important is that families and children have a secure food supply. Hunger in American households has risen by 43 percent over the last five years, according to an analysis of US Department of Agriculture (USDA) data released in the report "Household Food Security in the United States, 2004." The analysis, completed by the Center on Hunger and Poverty at Brandeis University, shows that more than 7 million people have joined the ranks of the hungry since 1999. The USDA report says that 38.2 million Americans live in households that suffer directly from hunger and food insecurity, including nearly 14 million children. That figure is up from 31 million Americans in 1999. Limited-resource, socially disadvantaged and food-insecure individuals, families and communities will be provided with information and opportunities to enhance household food, diet and nutritional security. Agriculture is one of the most hazardous industries in the United States, and consistently ranks as the first, second or third most deadly industry along with mining and construction. Agriculture is unique in that the work and home place are often the same, exposing both workers and family members to hazards. In the United States on average each year, there are 700 deaths and 140,000 injuries to those who work in agriculture, defined as farming, forestry and fishing. Farmers, farmworkers and their families are at high risk for fatal and nonfatal injuries (primarily from tractor roll-overs, machinery entanglements, and animal handling incidents), musculo-skeletal conditions, work-related lung diseases, noise-induced hearing loss, heat stress and heat stroke, pesticide exposure and illness, skin diseases, behavioral health issues, and certain cancers associated with chemical use and prolonged sun exposure. The health and safety of migrant and seasonal farmworkers are complicated by other conditions such as infectious disease, hypertension, and diabetes, as well as cultural and language barriers. Farmers and farmworkers alike are subject to lack of access to health care. Agricultural injury and illness are costly, with total US annual costs reaching $4.5 billion and per farm costs equaling $2,500, or 15% of net income. Median health care coverage for farm families is $6,000 per year. In North Carolina, 27% of farm families do not have health insurance, while 29% of farmers do not have health insurance. Many others have health care coverage with high annual deductibles and high premiums. Agromedicine is a comprehensive, collaborative approach involving both agricultural and health scientists to develop solutions addressing the health and safety issues of the agricultural community through research, education and outreach. The North Carolina Agromedicine Institute, a partnership of NC State University, NC A&T State University and East Carolina University in collaboration with others, develops and evaluates effective programs to reduce injury and illness in agriculture, forestry and fishing. One such program is called Certified Safe Farm (CSF) and AgriSafe. CSF and AgriSafe were first developed and researched in Iowa. CSF and AgriSafe are being adapted to North Carolina agriculture by the NC Agromedicine Institute and its Cooperative Extension collaborators. Certified Safe Farm combines AgriSafe health services (wellness and occupational health screenings and personal protection equipment selection and fit services) conducted by trained AgriSafe health providers, on-farm safety reviews conducted by trained Extension agents, and community education and outreach to achieve safety and health goals established by participating farmers and their employees and families. Insurance incentives and safety equipment cost-share programs for participating farmers are still being developed. Other ongoing educational programs addressing agricultural health and safety include farm safety days for children, youth, or families, employee hands-on farm safety training, the National Safe Tractor and Machinery Operation Program for youth, and youth ATV operator safety certification programs.
Value* Outcome Description
67Number of food service employees receiving ServSafe certification
60TOTAL number of food handlers receiving food safety training and education in safe food handling practices (new required data for federal reporting)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
56Number of participants implementing ServSafe
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Individuals and groups will acquire leadership and decision making capacities needed to guide and actively participate in local and state organizations.
Leadership is important to every level of a community sharing in the creation of wealth and well-being. Youth and adult leaders must be capable of motivating groups to achieve common goals that impact North Carolina families and communities.They will need the confidence and skill to guide and support North Carolina community and state organizations. Citizens participating in the 2007 NC Tomorrow survey denoted the importance of leadership by clearly requesting leadership training (54%), social advising, community advising and technical assistance (45%)from their university system.
Value* Outcome Description
18Number of adults increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
18Number of adults assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
35Number of youth increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
6Number of youth assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
18Number of adults increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
5Number of adults assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
35Number of youth increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
6Number of youth assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Futures that Work: School to Career Pathways
We are living in a new economy powered by technology, fueled by information and driven by knowledge. Extension programs provide opportunities for youth and adults to improve their level of education and increase their skills that enable them to be competitive in our global society and workforce.
Value* Outcome Description
79Number of teachers trained in 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum
466Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
225Total number of female participants in STEM program
466Number of youth (students) participating in 4-H dropout prevention (student at-risk) programs
1Number of high school age youth (students) participating as members of 4-H clubs
4Number of high school age youth (students) participating as members in 4-H clubs that have dropped out of high school
466Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge of career/employability skills
466Number of adults increasing knowledge of career/employability skills
5Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge of entrepreneurship
5Number of adults increasing knowledge of entrepreneurship
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
16Number of teachers using 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum in their classrooms
466Number of youth (students) gaining knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
466Number of youth (students) gaining career / employability skills
18Number of adults gaining career / employability skills
5Number of youth (students) gaining entrepreneurship skills
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Consumers and communities will enhance the value of plants, animals, and landscapes while conserving valuable natural resources and protecting the environment.
Residential, commercial and public entities will make decisions regarding plant selection, placement and management that will decrease water consumption, preserve and improve water quality, mitigate storm water contaminants, reduce erosion, energy consumption, and greenwaste, expand wildlife habitat, improve real estate value, and improve diet and nutrition of consumers. The horse and "farmer lifestyle" industry will continue to grow and have an increasing impact on North Carolina's economy, while protecting the environment. The NCDA&CS reports that 65,000 horse producers own over 225,000 horses which annually generates over $704 million of gross revenue from training, showing, boarding and breeding establishments in addition to agri-business sales of horse-related products. The total economic impact of the NC green industry is $8.6 billion, involving 151,982 employees, and 120,741 acres of production (Green Industry Council, 2006). North Carolina residential consumers spend $5.9 billion dollars per year on garden and landscape related expenses (Green Industry Council, 2006). For 2007, North Carolina's population is estimated to be 8,968,800 (LINC). The population grew by 1,323,288 (15%), between 1997 and 2007 and it is projected to grow by another 1,330,055 (13%), over the next ten years (LINC). Over 50% of the population now lives in urban areas. Despite evidence of the ecological and financial benefits, environmentally responsible landscaping strategies are not being implemented widely. Renovating a landscape to incorporate water conserving strategies may result in using 36% less water. Urban water run-off accounts for the majority of water pollution, mostly pesticides and fertilizers, that does not come from a specific industrial source. Selection of well-adapted plants, effective pest management, and appropriate care and feeding of plants will greatly reduce dependence on fertilizers and pesticides. Rain water that is not absorbed by the soil becomes erosive storm water runoff, which transports pollutants such as fertilizer, pesticides, sediment, motor oil, litter, and animal waste to local streams and rivers. Landscape designs will include rain gardens and other runoff catchment facilities (underground cisterns, etc.) that are attractive and easy to maintain in residential areas. Homeowners will learn that proper plant selection and placement can reduce winter heating bills by as much as 15% and summer cooling bills by as much as 50 percent, while reducing the need to prune over-sized plants. Wild habitat areas are rapidly being converted into housing and commercial properties, displacing native plants and animals. Choosing native or adapted plants that provide food and shelter creates a haven for butterflies, birds, lizards, and other animals. Edible landscaping can increase the amount and expand the variety of fresh fruits and vegetables consumed.
Value* Outcome Description
65Number of participants improving knowledge, attitude, skills and aspirations regarding gardening and landscape practices including plant selection and placement, turfgrass management, soil management, growing food, water conservation and water quality preservation, storm water and erosion management, green waste management, pest and wildlife management
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
65Number of participants who use extension-recommended best management practices in landscapes, turf, and gardens, including pest (insect, weed, disease) management, fertility management, water conservation, water quality preservation and pruning techniques
13000Total cost savings from the use of extension-recommended best management practices in landscapes, turf, and gardens, including pest (insect, weed, disease) management, fertility management, water conservation, water quality preservation and pruning techniques
36Number of participants selecting appropriate landscape plants (adapted, drought tolerant, appropriate size, etc.)
4500Cost savings from the appropriate selection of landscape plants
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Youth and adult program participants will make healthy food choices, achieve the recommended amount of physical activity and reduce risk factors for chronic diseases.
Many North Carolinians are affected by chronic disease and conditions that compromise their quality of life and well-being. Heart disease, stroke and cancer continue to be leading causes of death in our state. In addition, obesity and obesity related chronic diseases such as diabetes continue to rise at alarming rates. Healthy eating and physical activity are critical to achieve optimal health. Many North Carolinians have diets that are too high in calories and too low in fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Portion sizes, foods eaten away-from-home and consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages continue to rise. In addition, most North Carolinians do not engage in regular physical activity. The prevalence of overweight and obesity has nearly doubled in the past 10 years. If the trend of overweight is not slowed, it will eliminate the progress we have made in reducing the burden of weigh-related chronic disease. One in every three US children born after 2000 will become diabetic unless many more people start eating less and exercising more. The cost of obesity in North Carolina in health care costs alone is over 2 billion dollars. There are many proposed reasons for the obesity epidemic, however unhealthy eating and physical inactivity are widely recognizes as primary contributors to the problem. Those who make healthy food choices and are physically active are more likely to achieve and maintain a healthy weight as well reduce chronic diseases. Ultimately, this will lead to reduction in health care costs, increased longevity, greater productivity and improved quality of life.
Value* Impact Description
180Number of adults increasing their fruit and vegetables consumption
132Number of youth increasing their fruit and vegetable consumption
245Number of participants increasing their physical activity
11Number of adults who reduce their blood pressure
5Number of adults who improve their blood glucose (A1c.)level
8Number of adults who reduce their total cholesterol
11Number of participants who consume less sodium in their diet
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

IV. Number of Contacts Made by Extension

Type of ContactNumber
Face-to-face* 9,585
Non face-to-face** 5,622
Total by Extension staff in 2017 15,207
* Face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make directly with individuals through one-on-one visits, meetings, and other activities where staff members work directly with individuals.
** Non face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make indirectly with individuals by telephone, email, newsletters, news articles, radio, television, and other means.

V. Designated Grants Received by Extension

Type of GrantAmount
Contracts/Grants $0.00
Gifts/Donations $1,200.00
In-Kind Grants/Donations $336.00
United Way/Foundations $10,500.00
User Fees $7,505.00
Total $19,541.00

VI. Volunteer Involvement in Extension Programs

Number of Volunteers* Number of Volunteer Hours Known client contacts by volunteers Dollar Value at 24.14
4-H: 308 602 6,494 $ 14,532.00
Advisory Leadership System: 23 21 9 $ 507.00
Extension Community Association: 18 70 274 $ 1,690.00
Extension Master Gardener: 10 65 62 $ 1,569.00
Other: 90 630 1,677 $ 15,208.00
Total: 449 1388 8516 $ 33,506.00
* The number of volunteers reflects the overall number of volunteers for multiple events.

VII. Membership of Advisory Leadership System

Scotland County Extension Advisory Council
Brenda Gilbert
Gray Gilbert
Leon Butler
Dorothy Tyson
Beatrice Sams
Joe Barnhill
Joann Barnhill
Ida Stewart
Steve Herlocker
April Snead
Scotland County 4-H Advisory Committee
Sommore Terry
Mikiko Fludd
Dot Coble
Johnie Gorham
Shaunee McLaurin (youth)
Iris Hamilton
Daniel bridges (youth)
Kathie Cox
Sharon Davis
angela stephens
dorothy tyson

Family and Consumer Sciences Advisory Committee
Mitchell McIver
Corniela Mceachin
Kathie Cox
Doris Graham
Noren Sanford
jennifer Byrd
sandra alford

VIII. Staff Membership

Randy Wood
Title: County Extension Director
Phone: (910) 277-2422
Email: randy_wood@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Livestock and Forages

Carol Capel-Baldwin
Title: County Extension Administrative Assistant
Phone: (910) 277-2422
Email: carol_capel@ncsu.edu

Sharon English
Title: Extension Agent, Family and Consumer Sciences
Phone: (910) 277-2422
Email: sharon_english@ncsu.edu

Angela Galloway
Title: Extension Agent, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (910) 277-2422
Email: angela_galloway@ncsu.edu

Richard Goforth
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Poultry
Phone: (704) 283-3801
Email: richard_goforth@ncsu.edu

Marissa Herchler
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Animal Food Safety (FSMA Programs)
Phone: (919) 515-5396
Email: marissa_herchler@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marissa is an Area Specialized Agent for animal food safety, with emphasis on the new Food Safety Modernization Act rules, as they apply to feed mills in North Carolina. Please contact Marissa with any FSMA related questions, or PCQI training inquiries.

Stacey Jones
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Commercial Nursery and Greenhouse
Phone: (704) 920-3310
Email: stacey_jones@ncsu.edu

Colby Lambert
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Forestry
Phone: (910) 814-6041
Email: colby_lambert@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides educational opportunities and technical support to forest landowners, agents, and forest industry in eastern North Carolina.

Bill Lord
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Water Resources
Phone: (919) 496-3344
Email: william_lord@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Water quality education and technical assistance

Rachel McDowell
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Consumer & Retail Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9155
Email: romcdowe@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Support FCS Agents in delivering timely and evidence-based food safety education and information to stakeholders in NC.

Hazel McPhatter
Title: EFNEP Educator, Extension Program Associate
Phone: (910) 277-2422
Email: hazel_mcphatter@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Nutrition Program Associate 4-H EFNEP. Provides nutrition education for Scotland County youth.

Shannon Newton
Title: Area Agent, Agriculture - Horticulture
Phone: (910) 875-3461
Email: shannon_newton@ncsu.edu

Currey Nobles
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9520
Email: canobles@ncsu.edu

Elena Rogers
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Food Safety - Fresh Produce Western NC
Phone: (828) 352-2519
Email: elena_rogers@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provide educational programs, training and technical support focusing on fresh produce safety to Agents and growers in Western NC.

Allan Thornton
Title: Extension Associate
Phone: (910) 592-7161
Email: allan_thornton@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Vegetable Extension Specialist. Conducts Extension and applied research programs for commercial vegetable and fruit growers and agents in eastern North Carolina.

Mitch Woodward
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Watersheds and Water Quality
Phone: (919) 250-1112
Email: mdwoodwa@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: NC Cooperative Extension's Goals include: - NC's natural resources and environmental quality will be protected, conserved and enhanced. - NC will have profitable, environmentally sustainable plant, animal and food systems. Protecting our environmental resources, particularly drinking water quality, is a top priority in NC. NC Cooperative Extension is a leader in teaching, researching, and accelerating the adoption of effective water quality protection practices.

IX. Contact Information

Scotland County Center
231 E Cronly St
Suite 800
Laurinburg, NC 28352

Phone: (910) 277-2422
Fax: (910) 277-2426
URL: http://scotland.ces.ncsu.edu