2017 Surry County Program Impact Report

Approved: January 19, 2018

I. Executive Summary

Surry County Cooperative Extension staff served the citizens of the county in 2017 by addressing the needs identified by advisory groups, existing clients, community partners and discussions with stakeholders. These identified needs are the result of Cooperative Extension being a trusted and respected ally of many in the community. The following is a short overview of some of the ways Extension staff have impacted the lives of Surry County citizens.

Surry County Extension staff served 73,365 contacts through face to face interaction, field or office visits, telephone, email, social media, radio, or other means of communication.

Volunteers contributed 12,802 hours of service to Extension and the county for a savings of $309,040 as calculated by NC State University.

PROGRAMMING HIGHLIGHTS
* Educational programming by the Surry County Extension staff resulted in an economic impact of $2,964,165 to clients. This represents a $12 return for every dollar invested in Cooperative Extension by Surry County.
* Beef producers saved/earned $1,024,650 by utilizing Extension recommendations.
* Local food production realized a farm income amounting to $256,000.
* $578,115 in net farm income gains were realized by the adoption of best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing for horticulture/field crop producers.
* Food Safety training was delivered to farmers resulting in a value of reduced risk of farm and food hazards of $30,000.
* The Voluntary Agricultural District program in the county has protected over 20,000 acres of farmland.
* $90,730 was generated by citizens utilizing best management practices in landscapes, gardens, pest management approaches, and pruning/management techniques.
* $98,879 was garnered through grants, contracts, sponsorships, etc. to drive Extension programming.
* 1,824 youth participated in 4-H programs and activities in 2017.
* $984,670 was saved for clients of the Senior Health Insurance Information Program in 2017.
* 455 trainings, programs, and/or educational opportunities were offered to the citizens of Surry County in 2017.

These are just a few examples of how Cooperative Extension impacts citizens daily. By providing research based information, clients can make correct choices and improve their lives. Partnering with community leaders as advisors for the educational programs offered, Cooperative Extension was able to meet the specific needs of the community.

II. County Background

Surry County is located in the North Central District with a population of approximately 74,000. The elderly population (65 years and over) is approximately 11,000. Latino populations in the county have increased approximately 600% over the last 5 years. The largest age segment of the population in Surry County is the 5-19 year old group, representing approximately 20% of the population. There is an increasing need to teach life and technical skills to the youth in the county, in order to prepare them for an employable future.

There is increasing concern for the health and well-being for Surry County citizens. Over 68% of the county population is considered overweight or obese. Heart disease, stroke, and cancer are the leading causes of death in the county. Approximately 30% of Surry's population has been diagnosed with diabetes.

Surry is primarily rural with a high agricultural income. In 2016 (latest available numbers) the agricultural income was in excess of $285 million. Agriculture is shifting from a traditional tobacco based system to other alternative agricultural enterprises. The average age of the farmer is increasing and fewer young farmers are emerging. Value-added agricultural enterprises are being evaluated. The local Farmers Markets are growing and are helping expand market potential for fresh locally grown produce to be marketed. Surry is very fortunate to have an abundance of natural resources and efforts such as easements and agricultural districting to protect these resources are increasing. Traditional agricultural enterprises are continuing as well.

Surry has four municipalities, Mount Airy, Elkin, Dobson, and Pilot Mountain. Job losses due to loss of textile manufacturing is driving the need for new economic development.

Environmental scans of all advisory groups and discussions with elected officials determined priority issues and the ranking of the issues. These scans were accomplished through group interaction, surveys, and individual conversations. The identified issues in order of importance are 1) Economic Development, 2) Aging, 3) Youth, 4) Natural Resources, and 5) Agricultural Awareness. Extension will address these issues through a multifaceted approach of educational programming to all relevant audiences.

III. Objectives to Address the Cooperative Extension Long Range Plan

North Carolina's plant production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.
North Carolina's agricultural crops industry makes major contributions to local communities and the state’s economy. In 2014, the estimated farm gate value of crops was $4.72 billion, placing NC as the 17th largest in the nation. North Carolina is one of the most diversified agriculture states in the nation. The state's 50,200 farmers grow over 80 different commodities, utilizing 8.4 million of the state's 31 million acres to furnish consumers a dependable and affordable supply of food and fiber. Tobacco remains one of the state's most predominant farm commodities. North Carolina produces more tobacco and sweet potatoes than any other state and ranks second in Christmas tree cash receipts. The state also produces a significant amount of cucumbers for pickles, lima beans, turnip greens, collard greens, mustard greens, strawberries, bell peppers, blueberries, chili peppers, fresh market cucumbers, snap beans, cabbage, eggplant, watermelons, pecans, peaches, squash, apples, sweet corn, tomatoes, and grapes. There is continual technological change and the relative profitability of individual farm enterprises changes over time; therefore, farmers must respond by modifying their farming operations. Changes in consumer demand create new opportunities for producers. Growth in alternative forms of agriculture will include, among others, organic and niche market production. Educational and training programs for producers of plant agricultural products and services will enhance their ability to achieve financial and lifestyle goals and to enhance economic development locally, regionally and statewide.
Value* Outcome Description
46Number of crop (all plant systems) producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
3Number of Extension initiated and controlled County demonstration test sites (new required for GLF/PSI reporting)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
41Number of crop (all plant systems) producers adopting best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
578115Net income gains realized by the adoption of best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
10Number of producers reporting increased dollar returns per acre or reduced costs per acre
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
North Carolina's animal production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.
North Carolina's livestock industry makes major contributions to local communities and the state’s economy. In 2014, the estimated farm gate value of livestock, dairy, and poultry was $8.85 billion, placing NC as the 7th largest in the nation. Hogs & pigs have historically been an important part of North Carolina agriculture. The industry has changed dramatically since the 1980s from the small farm raising a few hogs to large confinement type operations. North Carolina's number of cattle & calves on farms has remained relatively stable throughout time. Milk cow inventory and milk production have continued to decline in the state. Unlike other commodities, broiler production in North Carolina is increasing throughout the state. There is continual technological change and the relative profitability of individual farm enterprises changes over time; therefore, farmers must respond by modifying their farming operations. Changes in consumer demand create new opportunities for producers. Growth in alternative forms of agriculture will include, among others, organic, niche market production, and pasture-raised livestock. Educational and training programs for producers of animal agricultural products and services will enhance their ability to achieve financial and lifestyle goals and to enhance economic development locally, regionally and statewide.
Value* Outcome Description
425Number of animal producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
97Number of animal producers adopting Extension-recommended best management practices, including those practices related to husbandry, improved planning, marketing, and financial practices
1024650Net income gains by producers adopting Extension-recommended best management practices, including those practices related to husbandry, improved planning, marketing, and financial practices
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Producers will increase sales of food locally to more agriculturally aware consumers through market development, producer and consumer education, and new farmer and infrastructure support.
Farmers will increase their capacity to supply product for local food sales through market planning efforts, producer and consumer education, beginning farmer training programs and local market infrastructure development. The fastest growing area of consumer demand in agriculture continues to be organic. Farmers' markets continue to expand as do multiple efforts in local sustainable agriculture. Nationally, "Buy Local, Buy Fresh" movements have emerged in the face of concerns about the risks involved in long distance transportation of industrialized food production. Increasingly, public officials and business leaders see promotion of local farm products as good public policy and local economic development. Additionally, individuals will learn to supplement their current diet by growing their own fruits and vegetables as individuals or as community groups.
Value* Outcome Description
32Number of producers who gain skills or knowledge to increase production for local markets.
32Number of adults (including producers, food business owners, etc.) who improved knowledge of local food and agricultural systems.
20Number of children/youth who improved knowledge of local food and agricultural systems.
32Number of individuals who gain knowledge or acquire skills related to vegetable/fruit gardening, and if also reporting under Urban and Consumer Agriculture Objective, divide up the reported number appropriately between the two objectives to avoid duplication.
32Number of producers who improve local food marketing skills or knowledge.
25Number of individuals who learn how to prepare local foods, including through use of home food preservation techniques.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
1Number of new and existing access points for consumers that expand or improve their offering of local fruits and vegetables. Access points include farmers markets, retail stores, school food programs, community gardens, institutions other than schools (e.g. hospitals, universities, etc.), and other systems/access points not noted (e.g. restaurants, etc.).
45Number of producers selling their agricultural products to local markets (direct, intermediated/food service, institutional) for consumption in NC.
13Number of producers who diversified their marketing strategies into local markets (direct, intermediated/food service, institutional).
256000Gross sales of local foods by producers. (Increase in gross sales to be calculated at the state level.)
32Number of producers (and other members of the local food supply chain) who have increased revenue.
10Number of new farms (beginning farmers) selling into local markets for local consumption (in this reporting period).
2Number of individuals who grow food in community gardens.
10500Number of pounds of local foods donated for consumption by vulnerable populations.
50Number of individuals who begin home food production by starting a vegetable and/or fruit garden, and if also reporting under Urban and Consumer Horticulture Objective, divide up the reported number appropriately between the two objectives to avoid duplication.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Agricultural producers, workers, food handlers and consumers will adopt safer food and agricultural production, handling, and distribution practices that reduce workplace and home injuries/illnesses, enhance food security, and increase the quality and safety of food that North Carolinians prepare and consume.
Training and educational programs for farmers, agricultural workers, food handlers, and consumers will provide research-based programming, materials, information and expertise to compel these individuals to implement practices relating to the overall safety and security for the food supply and farming systems. Components of this include on-farm, packinghouse, and transportation management, retail and food service establishments, and consumer’s homes. Therefore targeted audiences include farmers and agricultural workers and their families, food handlers and workers (both amateur and commercial), transporters, processors, business operators, food service and retail staff, supervisors of any food facility, long term care facility staff and individuals who purchase, prepare and serve food in their homes. With an estimated 76 million foodborne illnesses annually, costing an estimated $1.4 trillion, food safety highlights a specific area of risk to be addressed by Cooperative Extension. The recent produce-related foodborne illness outbreaks have brought public attention to a problem that has been increasing nationally for the last ten years. The issues of foodborne illness and food safety pose immediate risks for farmers affecting the areas of economics, consumer demand, and market access. Because no processing or kill steps are involved with produce that is typically eaten raw, the best measures to limit microorganisms and fresh produce related illness are to prevent microbes from contaminating the product. Practices like Good Agricultural Practices (GAPs), Good Handling Practices (GHPs), and Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points (HACCP) represent a systematic preventive approach to food safety, protecting agricultural products as they move from farm to retail and restaurants and finally to families. While there is currently no legal requirements for growers to implement GAPs, buyers have responded to the public concern by requiring their produce growers to adhere to current guidelines and possibly even require GAPs certification. The main areas of concern incorporate production, harvesting, packing, and transporting produce in the areas of water quality, manure management, domestic and wildlife management, worker health and hygiene, transportation, traceability, and documentation. For North Carolina growers to be competitive and produce safe product, it is important that they gain knowledge about and implement food safety programs that minimize physical, chemical and biological hazards Food safety risks do not stop at primary production. As risks associated with pathogens can occur at many junctions between primary production and consumption, food safety is a truly farm-to-fork issue. The World Health Organization and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have defined 5 factors that lead to foodborne illness outbreaks: Inadequate cooking or processing procedures; improper storage and holding temperatures, cross-contamination between potentially contaminated raw materials and ready-to-eat foods (either directly or through poor sanitation); and poor implementation of personal hygiene practices. The preventative steps targeting risk reduction taken at each of the components making up the food supply chain are critical in preventing food-borne illness. Educational programs including ServSAFE, School HACCP workshops, food safety at childcare and senior centers, and targeted farm-to-fork food safety inclusion for all food handlers is necessary for important for advances in knowledge and implementation of preventative programs. Equally important is that families and children have a secure food supply. Hunger in American households has risen by 43 percent over the last five years, according to an analysis of US Department of Agriculture (USDA) data released in the report "Household Food Security in the United States, 2004." The analysis, completed by the Center on Hunger and Poverty at Brandeis University, shows that more than 7 million people have joined the ranks of the hungry since 1999. The USDA report says that 38.2 million Americans live in households that suffer directly from hunger and food insecurity, including nearly 14 million children. That figure is up from 31 million Americans in 1999. Limited-resource, socially disadvantaged and food-insecure individuals, families and communities will be provided with information and opportunities to enhance household food, diet and nutritional security. Agriculture is one of the most hazardous industries in the United States, and consistently ranks as the first, second or third most deadly industry along with mining and construction. Agriculture is unique in that the work and home place are often the same, exposing both workers and family members to hazards. In the United States on average each year, there are 700 deaths and 140,000 injuries to those who work in agriculture, defined as farming, forestry and fishing. Farmers, farmworkers and their families are at high risk for fatal and nonfatal injuries (primarily from tractor roll-overs, machinery entanglements, and animal handling incidents), musculo-skeletal conditions, work-related lung diseases, noise-induced hearing loss, heat stress and heat stroke, pesticide exposure and illness, skin diseases, behavioral health issues, and certain cancers associated with chemical use and prolonged sun exposure. The health and safety of migrant and seasonal farmworkers are complicated by other conditions such as infectious disease, hypertension, and diabetes, as well as cultural and language barriers. Farmers and farmworkers alike are subject to lack of access to health care. Agricultural injury and illness are costly, with total US annual costs reaching $4.5 billion and per farm costs equaling $2,500, or 15% of net income. Median health care coverage for farm families is $6,000 per year. In North Carolina, 27% of farm families do not have health insurance, while 29% of farmers do not have health insurance. Many others have health care coverage with high annual deductibles and high premiums. Agromedicine is a comprehensive, collaborative approach involving both agricultural and health scientists to develop solutions addressing the health and safety issues of the agricultural community through research, education and outreach. The North Carolina Agromedicine Institute, a partnership of NC State University, NC A&T State University and East Carolina University in collaboration with others, develops and evaluates effective programs to reduce injury and illness in agriculture, forestry and fishing. One such program is called Certified Safe Farm (CSF) and AgriSafe. CSF and AgriSafe were first developed and researched in Iowa. CSF and AgriSafe are being adapted to North Carolina agriculture by the NC Agromedicine Institute and its Cooperative Extension collaborators. Certified Safe Farm combines AgriSafe health services (wellness and occupational health screenings and personal protection equipment selection and fit services) conducted by trained AgriSafe health providers, on-farm safety reviews conducted by trained Extension agents, and community education and outreach to achieve safety and health goals established by participating farmers and their employees and families. Insurance incentives and safety equipment cost-share programs for participating farmers are still being developed. Other ongoing educational programs addressing agricultural health and safety include farm safety days for children, youth, or families, employee hands-on farm safety training, the National Safe Tractor and Machinery Operation Program for youth, and youth ATV operator safety certification programs.
Value* Outcome Description
140Number of commercial/public operators trained
8Number of pesticide application credit hours provided
15Number of participants trained in Good Farmers Market Practices
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
15Number of participants that have adopted farm safety practices
15Number of persons certified in Good Agricultural Practices (GAPs) or Good Handling Practices (GHPs)
10Number of participants developing food safety plans
30000Value of reduced risk of farm and food hazards
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Youth and adults will address community issues and/or challenges through volunteerism.
Youth and adult volunteers in North Carolina contribute thousands of hours each year to strengthen communities and create strong foundations for the future. As these individuals engage in service, they are gaining new skills, generating new programs to serve their communities, building successful organizations, and fostering an ethic of service. Cooperative Extension is poised to support the development of interpersonal skills, leadership experiences, and content knowledge to ensure that citizens are prepared to engage in meaningful service throughout the lifespan. Current research suggests that youth and adult participation positively impacts civic engagement and contributes to the development of leadership capacities. With its presence in every county, Cooperative Extension is uniquely positioned to contribute to building a stronger ethic of service among youth and adults.
Value* Outcome Description
45Number of adult participants acquiring the skills needed to serve as a volunteer
8Number of youth participants reporting aspirations to serve in new or expanded volunteer roles in community
10Number of adult participants reporting aspirations to serve in new or expanded volunteer roles in community
33Number of hours adult volunteer training conducted
22Number of hours youth volunteer training conducted
18Number new volunteers recruited
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
98Increased number of hours contributed by trained youth volunteers
10753Increased number of hours contributed by trained adult volunteers
7Number of youth volunteers serving in new or expanded roles within Extension
8Number of adult volunteers serving in new or expanded roles within Extension
2Number of adult volunteers serving in new or expanded roles beyond Extension, including community boards and task forces
2Number of youth volunteers recruiting and/or training new volunteers
12Number of adult volunteers recruiting and/or training new volunteers
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Adults and youth will apply financial management practices to increase their economic security, which include to: meet basic necessities, increase savings, reduce debt, and build long-term assets.
North Carolina families are experiencing financial distress. A slowing state economy with depressed incomes, rising interest rates, housing and medical costs and increased living expenses for gasoline and food have strained household budgets. NC households (21%) lack access to enough food for an active healthy life for all household members. Families forced into home insecurity in the state reached 47% because of the inability to pay their rent or increased mortgage payments. Foreclosure starts increased 154% between the third quarter of 2006 and first quarter 2010 with projections of increases in foreclosures through 2012. The loss of housing as a primary asset hurts the family emotionally, psychologically and economically and impacts property values and tax revenue in communities. To avoid negative financial outcomes families need skills to develop and execute spending plans to better manage income to cover monthly living expenses, to evaluate, select and manage financial products, and to increase and protect family assets. Eighteen percent (18%) or 1 out of 5 households are asset poor and lack sufficient net worth to subsist at the poverty level for three months without a job or source of support. Due to inadequate savings 1 out of 3 households reported using credit cards to cover basic living expenses, including rent, mortgage payments, groceries, utilities and insurance. Credit card debt and changes in interest rate policies have forced many families to become delinquent on credit repayment. Families nationwide also report feeling that they have inadequate savings for emergencies, educating their children and retirement. Skills that help families develop and implement debt repayment strategies, make sound consumer decisions to avoid scams and frauds, like predatory lending and identity theft, and create and implement plans to achieve short-term and long-term financial goals like acquiring a home, saving for retirement and education and emergency funds can help families recover from poor financial management practices and become more financially secure. In the context of “the Great Recession” and high unemployment (10.4% North Carolina; 9% National (October 2011)) families need knowledge and skills to access information and programs that support family economic security during periods of unemployment, under-employment and/or retirement.
Value* Outcome Description
623Number of people gaining basic financial management knowledge and/or skills (such as; budgeting, record keeping, goal setting, writing goals, consumer decision-making)
109Number of people gaining knowledge and/or skills in managing financial products and financial identity (such as; credit, debt management, identify theft, credit reports and scores, scams, banking skills)
623Number of people gaining knowledge and/or skills to protect family assets (such as; foreclosure prevention, insurance, implementing a financial document protection strategy against natural disasters, bankruptcy prevention, etc.)
623Number of people gaining knowledge and/or skills to increase family economic security (such as; how to access: SNAP benefits, SHIIP Medicare Part D; food cost management, cost comparison skills, shop for reverse mortgages, select long term care insurance, etc.)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
623Number people implementing risk management strategies (such as; seeking HUD or other housing counseling, accessing federal or state programs to address the issue, comparing among and selecting insurance coverage, financial preparation for disasters)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Futures that Work: School to Career Pathways
We are living in a new economy powered by technology, fueled by information and driven by knowledge. Extension programs provide opportunities for youth and adults to improve their level of education and increase their skills that enable them to be competitive in our global society and workforce.
Value* Outcome Description
3Number of teachers trained in 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum
1463Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
790Total number of female participants in STEM program
10Number of high school age youth (students) participating as members of 4-H clubs
598Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge of career/employability skills
134Number of adults increasing knowledge of career/employability skills
274Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge of entrepreneurship
9Number of adults increasing knowledge of entrepreneurship
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
2Number of teachers using 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum in their classrooms
1460Number of youth (students) gaining knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
464Number of youth (students) gaining career / employability skills
11Number of adults gaining career / employability skills
151Number of youth (students) gaining entrepreneurship skills
11Number of adults gaining entrepreneurship skills
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Consumers and communities will enhance the value of plants, animals, and landscapes while conserving valuable natural resources and protecting the environment.
Residential, commercial and public entities will make decisions regarding plant selection, placement and management that will decrease water consumption, preserve and improve water quality, mitigate storm water contaminants, reduce erosion, energy consumption, and greenwaste, expand wildlife habitat, improve real estate value, and improve diet and nutrition of consumers. The horse and "farmer lifestyle" industry will continue to grow and have an increasing impact on North Carolina's economy, while protecting the environment. The NCDA&CS reports that 65,000 horse producers own over 225,000 horses which annually generates over $704 million of gross revenue from training, showing, boarding and breeding establishments in addition to agri-business sales of horse-related products. The total economic impact of the NC green industry is $8.6 billion, involving 151,982 employees, and 120,741 acres of production (Green Industry Council, 2006). North Carolina residential consumers spend $5.9 billion dollars per year on garden and landscape related expenses (Green Industry Council, 2006). For 2007, North Carolina's population is estimated to be 8,968,800 (LINC). The population grew by 1,323,288 (15%), between 1997 and 2007 and it is projected to grow by another 1,330,055 (13%), over the next ten years (LINC). Over 50% of the population now lives in urban areas. Despite evidence of the ecological and financial benefits, environmentally responsible landscaping strategies are not being implemented widely. Renovating a landscape to incorporate water conserving strategies may result in using 36% less water. Urban water run-off accounts for the majority of water pollution, mostly pesticides and fertilizers, that does not come from a specific industrial source. Selection of well-adapted plants, effective pest management, and appropriate care and feeding of plants will greatly reduce dependence on fertilizers and pesticides. Rain water that is not absorbed by the soil becomes erosive storm water runoff, which transports pollutants such as fertilizer, pesticides, sediment, motor oil, litter, and animal waste to local streams and rivers. Landscape designs will include rain gardens and other runoff catchment facilities (underground cisterns, etc.) that are attractive and easy to maintain in residential areas. Homeowners will learn that proper plant selection and placement can reduce winter heating bills by as much as 15% and summer cooling bills by as much as 50 percent, while reducing the need to prune over-sized plants. Wild habitat areas are rapidly being converted into housing and commercial properties, displacing native plants and animals. Choosing native or adapted plants that provide food and shelter creates a haven for butterflies, birds, lizards, and other animals. Edible landscaping can increase the amount and expand the variety of fresh fruits and vegetables consumed.
Value* Outcome Description
1264Number of participants improving knowledge, attitude, skills and aspirations regarding gardening and landscape practices including plant selection and placement, turfgrass management, soil management, growing food, water conservation and water quality preservation, storm water and erosion management, green waste management, pest and wildlife management
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
952Number of participants who use extension-recommended best management practices in landscapes, turf, and gardens, including pest (insect, weed, disease) management, fertility management, water conservation, water quality preservation and pruning techniques
4695Total cost savings from the use of extension-recommended best management practices in landscapes, turf, and gardens, including pest (insect, weed, disease) management, fertility management, water conservation, water quality preservation and pruning techniques
905Number of participants who use extension-recommended pest management practices in homes, public facilities, businesses or in community pest management programs
16435Cost savings from using extension-recommended pest management practices in homes, public facilities, businesses or in community pest management programs
400Number of participants selecting appropriate landscape plants (adapted, drought tolerant, appropriate size, etc.)
40000Cost savings from the appropriate selection of landscape plants
400Number of participants growing food for home consumption
29600Value of produce grown for home consumption
20Number of participants adopting composting
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Youth and adult program participants will make healthy food choices, achieve the recommended amount of physical activity and reduce risk factors for chronic diseases.
Many North Carolinians are affected by chronic disease and conditions that compromise their quality of life and well-being. Heart disease, stroke and cancer continue to be leading causes of death in our state. In addition, obesity and obesity related chronic diseases such as diabetes continue to rise at alarming rates. Healthy eating and physical activity are critical to achieve optimal health. Many North Carolinians have diets that are too high in calories and too low in fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Portion sizes, foods eaten away-from-home and consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages continue to rise. In addition, most North Carolinians do not engage in regular physical activity. The prevalence of overweight and obesity has nearly doubled in the past 10 years. If the trend of overweight is not slowed, it will eliminate the progress we have made in reducing the burden of weigh-related chronic disease. One in every three US children born after 2000 will become diabetic unless many more people start eating less and exercising more. The cost of obesity in North Carolina in health care costs alone is over 2 billion dollars. There are many proposed reasons for the obesity epidemic, however unhealthy eating and physical inactivity are widely recognizes as primary contributors to the problem. Those who make healthy food choices and are physically active are more likely to achieve and maintain a healthy weight as well reduce chronic diseases. Ultimately, this will lead to reduction in health care costs, increased longevity, greater productivity and improved quality of life.
Value* Impact Description
143Number of adults increasing their fruit and vegetables consumption
2739Number of youth increasing their fruit and vegetable consumption
2592Number of participants increasing their physical activity
113Number of participants who consume less sodium in their diet
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

IV. Number of Contacts Made by Extension

Type of ContactNumber
Face-to-face* 23,621
Non face-to-face** 57,765
Total by Extension staff in 2017 81,386
* Face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make directly with individuals through one-on-one visits, meetings, and other activities where staff members work directly with individuals.
** Non face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make indirectly with individuals by telephone, email, newsletters, news articles, radio, television, and other means.

V. Designated Grants Received by Extension

Type of GrantAmount
Contracts/Grants $65,826.00
Gifts/Donations $17,745.00
In-Kind Grants/Donations $0.00
United Way/Foundations $0.00
User Fees $9,307.52
Total $92,878.52

VI. Volunteer Involvement in Extension Programs

Number of Volunteers* Number of Volunteer Hours Known client contacts by volunteers Dollar Value at 24.14
4-H: 153 540 4,253 $ 13,036.00
Advisory Leadership System: 21 39 821 $ 941.00
Extension Community Association: 51 10,187 0 $ 245,914.00
Extension Master Gardener: 101 724 3,526 $ 17,477.00
Other: 198 1,312 5,210 $ 31,672.00
Total: 524 12802 13810 $ 309,040.00
* The number of volunteers reflects the overall number of volunteers for multiple events.

VII. Membership of Advisory Leadership System

Surry County Cattlemens Association Board of Directors
Wayne Allred
David Bledsoe
Kit Burcham
James Bledsoe
Matt Coe
Gilvin Guyer
Everett Johnson
Mark Johnson
Bobby Nichols
Frank Sprinkle

Surry County Extension Advisory Council
Cindy Marion
David Bledsoe
Joy Hemmings
Eddie Harris-BOCC
Sue Johnson
Mike Midkiff
Jamie Draughn
Flannery Heath
Patricia Stallard
Frank Sprinkle
Rick Thompson
Kelly Whittington
James Bledsoe
Greg Smith
Jessi Thomas
Bill Colvard
Van Cooke
Donna Collins
Paula Brinkley
Todd Tucker
Mike Jones
Surry County Livestock and Forage Advisory Committee
David Bledsoe
Philip Cave
Mark Johnson
Frank Sprinkle
Wayne Allred

Family and Consumer Science Program Committee
Kelly Whittington
Celena Watson
Maggie Simmons
Sharie Hall
Bradley Key
Peggy Tim
Seydel Cropps
Amanda Royall
4-H and Youth Advisory Committee
Daniel White
Gail Shelton
Trish Roberts
Julie Davis
Stephanie Wurm
Goldie Sparger
Madeline Jones
Joanna Radford
Extension and Community Association County Council
Camilla Cook
Joy Hemmings
Jean Hardy
Juanita Gillespie
Marilyn Geiger
Carole Simpson
Goldie Sparger
Glenda Hunter


Horticulture/Alternative Agriculture Program Committee
Joy Barlow
Paul Madren
Michella Huff
Donna Marion
Van Cooke
Surry County Beekeepers
Davie Simpson
Bob King
Eugene Brown
Paul Madren
Sharon Quesinberry
Cindy Beamer
Farmers Market Board
Ernie Wheeler
Bob Mathis
Jennifer Anderson
Lisa Slawter
Ronnie Edwards
Kevin Campbell
Laura Gaylord
Misty Marion
Mary Colman
Master Gardener Board
Ken Holdaway
Sharon Poindexter
Robert Holder
Linda Vaught
Joy Barlow
4-H County Council
Sidney Tucker
Rebecca Cahall
Laken Williams

VIII. Staff Membership

Bryan Cave
Title: County Extension Director
Phone: (336) 401-8025
Email: bryan_cave@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Administration, Livestock, Forages

Brent Buchanan
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Dairy
Phone: (315) 212-1277
Email: brent_buchanan@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Dairy Extension Programming in Western North Carolina Counties of Haywood, Madison, Buncombe, Transylvania, Henderson, Yancey, McDowell, Polk, Rutherford, Mitchell, Avery, Burke, Cleveland, Watauga, Caldwell, Catawba, Lincoln, Gaston, Ashe, Wilkes, Alexander, Iredell, Alleghany, Surry, Yadkin, and Davie.

Whitney Collins
Title: Extension Agent, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (336) 401-8025
Email: whitney_collins@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Coordinate 4-H program for Surry County.

Seydel Cropps
Title: EFNEP Educator, Extension Program Associate
Phone: (336) 401-8025
Email: seydel_cropps@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Work in EFNEP Nutrition Education Program with limited resource audiences

Lauren Greene
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agribusiness - Poultry
Phone: (336) 651-7347
Email: lauren_greene@ncsu.edu

Tim Hambrick
Title: Area Agent, Agriculture
Phone: (336) 703-2857
Email: tim_hambrick@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Area Field Crop Agent for Forsyth, Stokes, and Surry, and Yadkin counties. Responsibilities include educational programming and research in flue cured tobacco, corn, small grain, and soybean production.

Marissa Herchler
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Animal Food Safety (FSMA Programs)
Phone: (919) 515-5396
Email: marissa_herchler@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marissa is an Area Specialized Agent for animal food safety, with emphasis on the new Food Safety Modernization Act rules, as they apply to feed mills in North Carolina. Please contact Marissa with any FSMA related questions, or PCQI training inquiries.

Stacey Jones
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Commercial Nursery and Greenhouse
Phone: (704) 920-3310
Email: stacey_jones@ncsu.edu

Carmen Long
Title: Area Agent, Family and Consumer Sciences
Phone: (336) 401-8025
Email: carmen_long@ncsu.edu

Bill Lord
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Water Resources
Phone: (919) 496-3344
Email: william_lord@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Water quality education and technical assistance

Craig Mauney
Title: Extension Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Commercial Vegetables & Fruits
Phone: (828) 684-3562
Email: craig_mauney@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides educational opportunities, training and technical support to commercial fruit and vegetable growers, agents, and industry in Western NC.

Rachel McDowell
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Consumer & Retail Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9155
Email: romcdowe@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Support FCS Agents in delivering timely and evidence-based food safety education and information to stakeholders in NC.

Currey Nobles
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9520
Email: canobles@ncsu.edu

Joanna Radford
Title: Extension Agent, Agriculture and Natural Resources
Phone: (336) 401-8025
Email: joanna_radford@ncsu.edu

Elena Rogers
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Food Safety - Fresh Produce Western NC
Phone: (828) 352-2519
Email: elena_rogers@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provide educational programs, training and technical support focusing on fresh produce safety to Agents and growers in Western NC.

Amanda Royall
Title: Program Assistant - Healthy Kids
Phone: (336) 401-8025
Email: amanda_royall@ncsu.edu

Sally Southard
Title: County Extension Administrative Assistant
Phone: (336) 401-8025
Email: sally_southard@ncsu.edu

Nicole Vernon
Title: County Extension Support Specialist
Phone: (336) 401-8025
Email: nicole_vernon@ncsu.edu

Mitch Woodward
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Watersheds and Water Quality
Phone: (919) 250-1112
Email: mdwoodwa@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: NC Cooperative Extension's Goals include: - NC's natural resources and environmental quality will be protected, conserved and enhanced. - NC will have profitable, environmentally sustainable plant, animal and food systems. Protecting our environmental resources, particularly drinking water quality, is a top priority in NC. NC Cooperative Extension is a leader in teaching, researching, and accelerating the adoption of effective water quality protection practices.

IX. Contact Information

Surry County Center
210 N Main St
Dobson, NC 27017

Phone: (336) 401-8025
Fax: (336) 401-8048
URL: http://surry.ces.ncsu.edu