2018 Transylvania County Program Impact Report

Approved: February 1, 2019

I. Executive Summary

The Transylvania Cooperative Extension Center operates under a Memorandum of Understanding with Transylvania County and has been providing educational and technical assistance to Transylvania County citizens since 1917, living up to its motto of: "Empowering People, Providing Solutions". Transylvania County Cooperative Extension develops programs in 4-H, Agriculture, home gardening, local foods, commercial and consumer horticulture and the Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program, and Family Consumer Sciences. We collaborate with a many community organizations and add value to their programs.

In 2018, Transylvania County Cooperative Extension Staff responded to 18,428 citizens through our educational programs and other direct (face to face) communications. Addionally, over 50,000 citizens where contacted through telephone, email, newsletters and news articles to provide educational information and resources. Transylvania County Extension Staff provided hundreds of non degree credit training hours involving thousands Transylvania County Citizens. Transylvania County Cooperative Extension also has a tremendous volunteer network. Volunteers gave over 2000 hours of service to their communities working on advisory committees, Master Gardener, SHIIP and 4-H programs. This equates to an estimated dollar value for services rendered to Transylvania County Citizens of over $100,000 dollars. In addition, we managed than $40,000 in private donations and matching funds from non profits.

Staffing: In 2018 Transylvania County CES took advantage of every opportunity possible to increase our capacity to respond to our clients needs through staffing. We secured funding for an Americorps member to serve with us from February through and then we funded a full time AmeriCorps member who will serve until August of 2019. We also hosted a summer intern who was in Graduate school at Western Carolina University. Finally, we have collaborated with Henderson County Extension to add Family Consumer Sciences Programming to our county, including management of the SHIIP program.

SUCCESSES: In 2018 the Transylvania Cooperative Extension program provided significant positive contributions to county citizens, county and city governments and the local economy. Positive Extension impacts can be seen in our many “signature” programs such as 4-H and youth development, Extension Master Gardener Volunteers (EMGV), agricultural production, Family Consumer Sciences, farmland preservation, natural resource management, Expanded Foods and Nutrition Education (EFNEP) etc. Examples of these programs effectively in action can be seen in the success stories below.

4-H and Youth Development:
Nine clubs (132 members), 15 special interest programs (242 participants), and 4 school enrichment programs (309 participants) were managed with the support of 93 adult and 21 youth volunteers and community partners (TCS, PARI, TC Sheriff Dept., Pisgah Center for Wildlife Education, Connestee Fishing Club, Gwynn Valley Camp, The Science House, Cherryfield Farm).
Successes and big impacts:
• TIME for real science program partnership with TCS - high school students conducting research on local issues and earning awards at the district, state, national and international level.
• 15 youths prepared and presented at 4-H County Day, 11 youths competed at 4-H District Day presentation contests, 3 youths qualified for state 4-H presentation finals
• 4 youths attending 4-H Congress
• Recruited and accompanied 9 youths to 4-H Camp - where they gained life skills & confidence to succeed away from hom
• 4-H “Soil Solutions” science education- had 120 students and 6 teachers doing hands on education.
• Youth taking on leadership roles through Teen Council Club- 4-H teens identified community needs, acquired grant money, and addressed issues such as college readiness and teen homelessness. Teens are building relationships with other teen activists across NC at district and state 4-H events.

Livestock and Row Crops/ Natural Resources:
• Almost 200 farm visits assisting producers with animal health and nutrition.
• Mountain Cattle Alliance: Assisted producers with preconditioning cattle to add a value you of at least $0.10 per pound, totalling over $15,000 of additional revenue.
• Beef Quality Assurance: provided B.Q.A. training to both high school students and adult producers to ensure proper animal welfare and increase value of animals.
• Western North Carolina Small Ruminant Workshop: provided educational workshop for 40 producers to improve practices and increase revenue of farm products.
• Area Equine Workshops: Demonstrated to equine owners improved pasture techniques valued at $400 per acre.
• Upper French Broad Riverfest: aided in planning and implementing the second annual Upper French Broad Riverfest (a natural resource educational event).
• Implementation of Hemlock Cost share program- protected over 2000 trees in riparian areas

Local Foods/ Sustainable plant systems:
• Provided production and marketing consultation assistance to this counties gardeners and larger scale producers.
• Successes and big impacts:
• 11 Master Gardener volunteers certified, and over 2000 hours contributed from 75 volunteers
• Designed and delivered educational programming to meet new market demands for local medicinal herb with 15 programs to over 130 clients.
• Ag Advisory Board successfully adapted VAD ordinance to better support local farms
• Local farmers awarded $15,000 in ag options grants for new and innovative projects.
• Ag Program Assistant provided over 50 hours of local foods instruction to 379 youth and adults through 19 different learning activities.

EFNEP
• Provided hands on nutrition and physical activity education to 559 Transylvania County students.
• Successes and big impacts:
o Averaged 5.5 hours of instruction per group
o After receiving a series of at least 6 EFNEP lessons:
 76% of students improved dietary intake
 24% of students improved daily physical activity
 56% of students improved food safety habits

Consumer and Commercial Horticulture:
• 45 Green Industry clients and growers from a 4 county area attended 3 IPM classes offered during the summer of 2018. These client collectively acquired 90 credit hours of pesticide credits having a value of $3,024,000.00
• 40 green industry professionals received 2 hours of pesticide credits with a total value of $2,688,000.00. In addition 22 of the attendees added 2 hours of credits to their NC Landscape Contractor requirements with a total value of $1,100,000.00.
• Value of credits obtained by Transylvania: $6,812,000.00

Family Consumer Sciences and SHIIP:
• Basic Home Food Preservation was taught to 23 individuals.
• 14 low income participants made six inexpensive items that could be given for Christmas gifts
• Volunteer based program through the NC Dept of Insurance, providing non-biased information to people on Medicare for free.
• Saved Transylvania County Citizens over $180,000 in Medicare costs.
• 899 contact opportunities recorded
• 396 face to face counseling sessions.
• 713 volunteer hours were recorded for the contacts made

II. County Background

North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service, Transylvania County Center works with an advisory leadership system to remain in touch with the most pressing needs of the county. Extension Advisory Leaders were utilized to discuss strategies, objectives and the capacity of the local staff to address issues as they related to Cooperative Extensions mission. In addition, Cooperative Extension conducts evaluations of all programs to constantly improve their effectiveness and make sure that we can document the level to which we are improving knowledge gain and affecting positive behavior change. As a result of these discussions and Extension Staff recommendations the following statewide objectives were selected for major program emphasis.

Through our environmental scanning we have devised the following priorities for our programs in 2018 (goals similar to last year, but updated):
Local Foods-
Engage at least 200 customers per month with educational material at the Farmers Market
Log at least 2000 volunteer hours from our Master Gardeners
Incorporate at least 30 private land owners in the Hemlock Cost share program
Consult with staff and experts to update the County's ordinance on Voluntary Ag Districts
Enroll at least 20 more people in the Voluntary Ag District Program

Horticulture-
Provide adequate classes for Landscape Contractors to meet their CEU requirements to stay in business
Provide classes for the 100+ Pesticide Applicators to insure that they remain compliant with environmental law.
Provide classes for the 15 Private Pesticide Applicators
Support regional Master Gardener Program

EFNEP and Ag Program Assistant-
Provide Nutrition Education to 500+ Transylvania County students through EFNEP programming
Address Nutrition, Physical Activity and Weight Health Priority established by the Transylvania County Community Health Assessment (CHA)
Support the 4-H locavore program
Maintain Nourishing North Carolina Garden

Livestock-
Coordinate with local schools to provide Beef Quality Assurance training to all animal science students.
Provide educational programs for at least 100 beef producers at a district-wide conference.
Engage with at least 100 livestock producers in the county to promote best management practices.

4-H-
Provide high quality STEM (science, technology, engineering, math) programs for youths during and after school to promote critical thinking and prepare them for STEM careers
Help youths develop "Soft Skills" to enhance their future employability
Empower youths ages 9 - 18 to take on new or expanded leadership positions at the club, county, district and state levels of the 4-H program. Maintain Adult Volunteer Involvement - @100 adults - to offer quality youth programming beyond what the 4-H Agent can provide.
Partner with other agencies to provide youth programming

III. Objectives to Address the Cooperative Extension Long Range Plan

North Carolina's plant production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.

Value* Outcome Description
25Number of crop (all plant systems) producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
2Number of Extension initiated and controlled County demonstration test sites (new required for GLF/PSI reporting)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
10Number of crop (all plant systems) producers adopting best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
40000Net income gains realized by the adoption of best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
10Number of producers reporting increased dollar returns per acre or reduced costs per acre
10Number of producers reporting reduction in fertilizer used per acre
40000Number of acres in conservation tillage or other Best Management Practice
700Tons of feedstock delivered to processor
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Parents and caregivers will effectively use recommended parenting, self care practices and community resources.

North Carolina's animal production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.

Value* Outcome Description
395Number of animal producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
100Number of animal producers adopting Extension-recommended best management practices, including those practices related to husbandry, improved planning, marketing, and financial practices
195000Net income gains by producers adopting Extension-recommended best management practices, including those practices related to husbandry, improved planning, marketing, and financial practices
22Number of animal producers implementing Extension-recommended best management practices for animal waste management
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Futures that Work: School to Career Pathways

Value* Outcome Description
10Number of teachers trained in 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum
15Number of high school age youth (students) participating as members of 4-H clubs
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
10Number of teachers using 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum in their classrooms
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Producers will increase sales of food locally to more agriculturally aware consumers through market development, producer and consumer education, and new farmer and infrastructure support.

Value* Outcome Description
22Number of producers who gain skills or knowledge to increase production for local markets.
58Number of adults (including producers, food business owners, etc.) who improved knowledge of local food and agricultural systems.
565Number of children/youth who improved knowledge of local food and agricultural systems.
82Number of individuals who gain knowledge or acquire skills related to vegetable/fruit gardening, and if also reporting under Urban and Consumer Agriculture Objective, divide up the reported number appropriately between the two objectives to avoid duplication.
24Number of producers who improve local food marketing skills or knowledge.
43Number of individuals who learn how to prepare local foods, including through use of home food preservation techniques.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
2Number of new and existing access points for consumers that expand or improve their offering of local fruits and vegetables. Access points include farmers markets, retail stores, school food programs, community gardens, institutions other than schools (e.g. hospitals, universities, etc.), and other systems/access points not noted (e.g. restaurants, etc.).
22Number of producers selling their agricultural products to local markets (direct, intermediated/food service, institutional) for consumption in NC.
35Number of producers who diversified their marketing strategies into local markets (direct, intermediated/food service, institutional).
200000Gross sales of local foods by producers. (Increase in gross sales to be calculated at the state level.)
30Number of producers (and other members of the local food supply chain) who have increased revenue.
4Number of new farms (beginning farmers) selling into local markets for local consumption (in this reporting period).
2Number of new local food value chain businesses, other than farms (in this reporting period).
40Number of individuals who grow food in community gardens.
29000Number of pounds of local foods donated for consumption by vulnerable populations.
60Number of youth who grow food in school gardens.
120Number of individuals who begin home food production by starting a vegetable and/or fruit garden, and if also reporting under Urban and Consumer Horticulture Objective, divide up the reported number appropriately between the two objectives to avoid duplication.
120Number of individuals who begin home food production by starting to raise backyard livestock.
361500Number of pounds of fresh produce donated for consumption by vulnerable populations.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Individuals and groups will acquire leadership and decision making capacities needed to guide and actively participate in local and state organizations.

Value* Outcome Description
21Number of adults increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
16Number of adults assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
40Number of youth increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
10Number of youth assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
21Number of adults increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
16Number of adults assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
40Number of youth increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
10Number of youth assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Community members, organizations and local government will engage in collaborative dialog and decision-making to build economically, socially and environmentally resilient communities. This will be done through inclusive engagement, partnership building, and/or community planning.

North Carolinians will make decisions and adopt practices that implement effective resource protection and conservation.

Value* Outcome Description
227Number of participants increasing their knowledge about best management practices
2Number of participants certified to implement and maintain BMPs
181Number of child and youth educators aspiring to implement quality outdoor learning environments for children
491Number of youth and adults demonstrating increased knowledge of natural resources and environmental issues
35Number of youth willing to participate in conservation actions
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
7Number of participants that adopted recommended climate adaption strategies for production agriculture or natural resource management, including for invasive species, pest management, pollutant loads, and wetlands.
7Number of participants that adopted recommended climate mitigation practices such as water-use efficiency, livestock production feeding practices, carbon sequestration, reducing carbon or energy footprint.
200Number of acres under recommended climate mitigation practices such as water-use efficiency, livestock production feeding practices, carbon sequestration, reducing carbon or energy footprint.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Consumers and communities will enhance the value of plants, animals, and landscapes while conserving valuable natural resources and protecting the environment.

Value* Outcome Description
265Number of participants improving knowledge, attitude, skills and aspirations regarding gardening and landscape practices including plant selection and placement, turfgrass management, soil management, growing food, water conservation and water quality preservation, storm water and erosion management, green waste management, pest and wildlife management
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
281Number of participants who use extension-recommended best management practices in landscapes, turf, and gardens, including pest (insect, weed, disease) management, fertility management, water conservation, water quality preservation and pruning techniques
27750000Total cost savings from the use of extension-recommended best management practices in landscapes, turf, and gardens, including pest (insect, weed, disease) management, fertility management, water conservation, water quality preservation and pruning techniques
23Number of participants who use extension-recommended pest management practices in homes, public facilities, businesses or in community pest management programs
1750000Cost savings from using extension-recommended pest management practices in homes, public facilities, businesses or in community pest management programs
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Youth and adult program participants will make healthy food choices, achieve the recommended amount of physical activity and reduce risk factors for chronic diseases.

Value* Impact Description
118Number of youth increasing their fruit and vegetable consumption
67Number of participants increasing their physical activity
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

IV. Number of Contacts Made by Extension

Type of ContactNumber
Face-to-face* 24,679
Non face-to-face** 31,118
Total by Extension staff in 2018 55,797
* Face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make directly with individuals through one-on-one visits, meetings, and other activities where staff members work directly with individuals.
** Non face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make indirectly with individuals by telephone, email, newsletters, news articles, radio, television, and other means.

V. Designated Grants Received by Extension

Type of GrantAmount
Contracts/Grants $32,250.00
Gifts/Donations $7,800.00
In-Kind Grants/Donations $630.00
United Way/Foundations $0.00
User Fees $0.00
Total $40,680.00

VI. Volunteer Involvement in Extension Programs

Number of Volunteers* Number of Volunteer Hours Known client contacts by volunteers Dollar Value at 24.69
4-H: 158 762 1,067 $ 18,814.00
Advisory Leadership System: 64 79 575 $ 1,951.00
Extension Community Association: 0 0 0 $ 0.00
Extension Master Gardener: 901 1,803 5,955 $ 44,516.00
Other: 114 297 2,254 $ 7,333.00
Total: 1237 2941 9851 $ 72,613.00
* The number of volunteers reflects the overall number of volunteers for multiple events.

VII. Membership of Advisory Leadership System

Green Industry Advisory Committee
Ken Allison
David Bradley
Alan Johnson
Anthony LeBude
Joey Galloway
Lynn Goldsmith
Hope Janowitz
Chad Owenby
Lynn Goldsmith
4-H and Youth Development
Jim Boyer
Margaret Brown
Christine Kosiba
Casey Lance
Linda Locks
David Mackey
Donovan Merrell
Kae Parker
Andrew Shook
David Smith
Ren Uriarte
Keri Zink

Livestock/Agriculture
David Mackey
Joffrey Merrill
John Blythe
Beecher Allison
Glen Sentelle
Anthony Hall
Clarence Raines
Frank Summey
Farmland Preservation/AAB
Devin Gentry
John Blythe
Leslie Logemann
Maryann Duvall
Leroy Newell
John Witherspoon
Jeff Parker
Emily Pohlman
Jimmy Whitmire
Natural Resources
Peter Chaveas
Mark Tooley
Justin Pettit-Mee
Lee McMinn
Woody Noland
Dan Hodges
Jeff Parker
Steve Pagano
David Whitmire
Jason Guidry
Jennifer Kafsky
Mac Marrow
Davis Whitfield-Cargile
Kent Wilcox
Dave Casey
Extension Program Development Council (County Advisory Council)
Carol Parker
Clare Hannon
Dale Robertson
Dick Bir
Jennifer Kafsky
Jason Davis
Mark Tooley
Jennifer Williams
Page Lemel
Shelly Webb
Lynn Goldsmith
Nicola Karesh

VIII. Staff Membership

Bart Renner
Title: County Extension Director and Extension Agent, Agriculture
Phone: (828) 884-3109
Email: bart_renner@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Small Farms & Local Food Programs

Mary Arnaudin
Title: Extension Agent, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (828) 884-3109
Email: mary_arnaudin@ncsu.edu

Addison Bradley
Title: Extension Agent, Agriculture - Livestock and Field Crops
Phone: (828) 884-3109
Email: acbradl2@ncsu.edu

Brent Buchanan
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Dairy
Phone: (315) 212-1277
Email: babuchan@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Dairy Extension Programming in Western North Carolina Counties of Haywood, Madison, Buncombe, Transylvania, Henderson, Yancey, McDowell, Polk, Rutherford, Mitchell, Avery, Burke, Cleveland, Watauga, Caldwell, Catawba, Lincoln, Gaston, Ashe, Wilkes, Alexander, Iredell, Alleghany, Surry, Yadkin, and Davie.

Sara Freeman
Title: EFNEP Educator, Agriculture Program Assistant
Phone: (828) 884-3109
Email: sara_freeman@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides Expanded Food and Nutrition Programs to limited resource families in Transylvania County. Provides and supports Agriculture programs in Transylvania County.

Lauren Greene
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Poultry
Phone: (336) 651-7347
Email: lauren_greene@ncsu.edu

Marissa Herchler
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Animal Food Safety (FSMA Programs)
Phone: (919) 515-5396
Email: marissa_herchler@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marissa is an Area Specialized Agent for animal food safety, with emphasis on the new Food Safety Modernization Act rules, as they apply to feed mills in North Carolina. Please contact Marissa with any FSMA related questions, or PCQI training inquiries.

Lally
Phone:
Email: sgl2280@gmail.com

Bill Lord
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Water Resources
Phone: (919) 496-3344
Email: william_lord@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Water quality education and technical assistance

Craig Mauney
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Commercial Vegetables and Fruits
Phone: (828) 684-3562
Email: craig_mauney@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides educational opportunities, training and technical support to commercial fruit and vegetable growers, agents, and industry in Western NC.

Maryann Mickewicz
Title: County Extension Administrative Assistant
Phone: (828) 884-3109
Email: maryann_mickewicz@ncsu.edu

Currey Nobles
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9520
Email: canobles@ncsu.edu

Elena Rogers
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Food Safety - Fresh Produce Western NC
Phone: (828) 352-2519
Email: elena_rogers@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provide educational programs, training and technical support focusing on fresh produce safety to Agents and growers in Western NC.

Clifford Ruth
Title: Area Agent and Regional Certification Program Coordinator, Agriculture
Phone: (828) 255-5522
Email: cdruth@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Current Responsibilities: Provide educational programs primarily for the folk in the commercial green industries in WNC as well as pesticide education for farmers in Buncombe and Transylvania County. Coordinate certification and licensing workshops across the western third of the state. (30 counties and EBCI)

Debbie Stroud
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Consumer and Retail Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9149
Email: dlstroud@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Area Specialized Agents in Consumer and Retail Food Safety help to ensure that Family and Consumer Sciences (FCS) Agents have access to timely, evidence-based food safety information. This is accomplished by (1) working with FCS Agents in their counties, (2) developing food safety materials and (3) planning and implementing a NC Safe Plates Food Safety Info Center.

Amanda Taylor
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Nursery and Greenhouse, Western Region
Phone: (828) 475-2915
Email: amanda_jo_taylor@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides programming to commercial nursery and greenhouse producers in Alexander, Alleghany, Ashe, Avery, Buncombe, Burke, Caldwell, Catawba, Cherokee, Clay, Cleveland, Gaston, Graham, Haywood, Henderson, Jackson, Lincoln, Macon, Madison, McDowell, Mitchell, Polk, Rutherford, Swain, Transylvania, Watauga, Wilkes, and Yancey Counties.

Skip Thompson
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Aquaculture
Phone: (828) 456-3575
Email: Skip_Thompson@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provide educational opportunities and technical support to the trout and carp aquaculture industries in 42 counties and the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians (EBCI) in western North Carolina. Fish health, production management, and waste management educational programs will assist trout farmers, fee-fishing pond managers, carp ponds and trout fingerling producers with the management and sustainability of their facilities.

Mitch Woodward
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Watersheds and Water Quality
Phone: (919) 250-1112
Email: mdwoodwa@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: NC Cooperative Extension's Goals include: - NC's natural resources and environmental quality will be protected, conserved and enhanced. - NC will have profitable, environmentally sustainable plant, animal and food systems. Protecting our environmental resources, particularly drinking water quality, is a top priority in NC. NC Cooperative Extension is a leader in teaching, researching, and accelerating the adoption of effective water quality protection practices.

IX. Contact Information

Transylvania County Center
106 East Morgan Street
Suite 109
Brevard, NC 28712

Phone: (828) 884-3109
Fax: (828) 884-3142
URL: http://transylvania.ces.ncsu.edu