2018 Union County Program Impact Report

Approved: February 27, 2019

I. Executive Summary

The Union County Extension Program is strongly supported by investment from Union County Government as well as community groups such as the Union County Farm Bureau, the Union County Cattlemen’s Association, the Union County 4-H Foundation and Union County Master Gardeners. A wide range of Extension offerings mirror the population of Union County which is growing and becoming more urban while still maintaining a position as one of the strongest agriculturally producing counties in North Carolina, ranking third in cash receipts in 2018.

Educational efforts in agriculture carry the most significant economic impact in Union County, with the poultry industry leading other livestock and crops. A total of 22 animal producers attended animal waste management training that impacted 1,615 acres for a savings of $68,461. 2,235 producers increased knowledge in best management production practices, pest and disease management, and financial farm management.

Urban and Consumer Horticulture programs provided training to 9,142 people providing an impact of $129,240 in cost savings related to landscaping. An additional 2235 crop producers were trained in best management production practices. The Urban Forestry program consulted with all of the county municipalities and had many successful programs including a 4th-grade project in Indian Trail that reached nine elementary schools.

Extension programs addressing obesity, nutrition, and health-related issues have helped the citizens of Union County develop healthy lifestyle habits and have provided training for the foodservice industry with 22 food handlers attending classes and workshops focusing on safe food handling practices with 9 participants completing Serv Safe training for community restaurants and institutions. The Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program(EFNEP) served 665 limited resource families with children in Union County. Participants in the EFNEP Program learn skills that enable them to make healthier food choices, manage their food resources, practice food safety, and increase their daily physical activities. According to participant data analyzed at NCSU, EFNEP participants in Union County made significant improvements in all of these core areas.

4-H Youth Development through the STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Math) programs of in-school enrichment (embryology, Wake Up to Agriculture) after school and community club activities all contribute to the education, scientific knowledge, self-realization, independence and confidence of 9,780 youth in 2018. Young people who have participated in these programs are less likely to participate in risky behaviors, make better life choices and exhibit more self-determination than youth without this type of experience.

The Union County Extension Team has returned $68,909 to the program in 2018 through the writing of grants and collection of gifts and donations. 17,056 people participated in workshops, field days, classes or other educational efforts as a result of the effective planning and implementation by the Union County staff. Certifications were obtained by 1,579 people in the areas of Master Gardeners, First Aid, Landscape Contractors, Food Safety and Pesticide Application. A total of 1,579 people took classes in preparation for various industry and life enrichment certifications during 2018. 15 adults acquired skills in volunteerism through training offered by Union County Extension and 72 new volunteers were recruited.

II. County Background

Union County sits at the southeastern edge of the Piedmont of North Carolina. It encompasses 640 square miles or approximately 404,160 acres. Of that acreage, 1,059 farms utilize 201,655 acres for food and fiber production. In North Carolina, it is one of fourteen counties that fall within the Charlotte-Metro area.

For more than twenty years, Union County has been in transition, moving from a traditional rural county to more of a bedroom community of Charlotte. As of 2017, the Union County population is estimated to be 226,606 and apart of the more than 1 million people in the greater Charlotte area. Most of those residents reside in the northern and western areas of the county. The southern and eastern areas have remained primarily rural. Demographically that breakdown is 74% White non-Hispanic, 12% Black, 10% Hispanic, and 4% other.

Agriculture continues to play a significant role in the economy of Union County. Almost 16% of the total workforce and over 15% of the County GDP results from the agricultural sector. Overall cash receipts in all agricultural areas in 2016 were over $467 million for a number 3 ranking in NC. In 2016 Union County ranked number 1 in layer production, number 2 in broiler production and number 4 in turkey production in NC. In fact, Union County is consistently in the top 20 poultry producing counties in the US ranking 11th in turkey production and 18th in broiler production per the latest published Census of Agriculture. In other commodities, the county ranked as follows in North Carolina in 2016: 1st in wheat, 1st in soybeans, 11th in corn for grains, 10th in all cattle and 6th in the nursery, greenhouse and floriculture crops.

Through the use of environmental scanning and strong client manned advisory committees, Union County Cooperative Extension identified and prioritized key issues. Educational programs are then planned and developed to respond to those issues where appropriate. Local programming falls under several state level objectives. They are as follows:
- Profitable and Sustainable Plant Production Systems
- Profitable and Sustainable Animal Production Systems
- Local Food Systems
- Safety and Security of our Food and Farm Systems
- Leadership Development
- Volunteer Readiness
- School to Career (Youth and Adults)
- Urban and Consumer Horticulture
- Healthy Eating, Physical Activity, and Chronic Disease Risk Reduction

Union County Cooperative Extension Agents are providing programs under these objectives in the areas of: livestock production and marketing, crop production, alternative agricultural opportunities, farmers market support, development of local food production and market outlets, urban horticulture, farmland/green-space preservation, food safety, pesticide education, STEM (science, technology, engineering and math education) for youth, civic responsibility, senior wellness, nutrition and healthy lifestyles

III. Objectives to Address the Cooperative Extension Long Range Plan

North Carolina's plant production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.

Value* Outcome Description
2235Number of crop (all plant systems) producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

North Carolina's animal production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.

Producers will increase sales of food locally to more agriculturally aware consumers through market development, producer and consumer education, and new farmer and infrastructure support.

Value* Impact Description
72Number of individuals who begin home food production by starting to raise backyard livestock.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Agricultural producers, workers, food handlers and consumers will adopt safer food and agricultural production, handling, and distribution practices that reduce workplace and home injuries/illnesses, enhance food security, and increase the quality and safety of food that North Carolinians prepare and consume.

Value* Outcome Description
6Number of food service employees receiving ServSafe certification
9TOTAL number of food handlers receiving food safety training and education in safe food handling practices (new required data for federal reporting)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
7Number of participants implementing ServSafe
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Individuals and groups will acquire leadership and decision making capacities needed to guide and actively participate in local and state organizations.

Value* Outcome Description
15Number of adults increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
3Number of adults assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
20Number of youth increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
4Number of youth assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
15Number of adults increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
1Number of adults assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
15Number of youth increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Youth and adults will address community issues and/or challenges through volunteerism.

Value* Outcome Description
15Number of adult participants acquiring the skills needed to serve as a volunteer
12Number of youth participants reporting aspirations to serve in new or expanded volunteer roles in community
4Number of adult participants reporting aspirations to serve in new or expanded volunteer roles in community
932Number of hours adult volunteer training conducted
620Number of hours youth volunteer training conducted
72Number new volunteers recruited
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
932Increased number of hours contributed by trained youth volunteers
466Increased number of hours contributed by trained adult volunteers
3Number of youth volunteers serving in new or expanded roles within Extension
4Number of adult volunteers serving in new or expanded roles within Extension
2Number of youth volunteers serving in new or expanded roles beyond Extension, including community boards and task forces
1Number of youth volunteers recruiting and/or training new volunteers
15Number of adult volunteers recruiting and/or training new volunteers
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Futures that Work: School to Career Pathways

Value* Outcome Description
159Number of teachers trained in 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum
10299Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
5222Total number of female participants in STEM program
69Number of high school age youth (students) participating as members of 4-H clubs
3259Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge of career/employability skills
14Number of adults increasing knowledge of career/employability skills
72Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge of entrepreneurship
10Number of adults increasing knowledge of entrepreneurship
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
275Number of teachers using 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum in their classrooms
10299Number of youth (students) gaining knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
3259Number of youth (students) gaining career / employability skills
14Number of adults gaining career / employability skills
72Number of youth (students) gaining entrepreneurship skills
10Number of adults gaining entrepreneurship skills
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Consumers and communities will enhance the value of plants, animals, and landscapes while conserving valuable natural resources and protecting the environment.

Value* Outcome Description
3153Number of participants improving knowledge, attitude, skills and aspirations regarding gardening and landscape practices including plant selection and placement, turfgrass management, soil management, growing food, water conservation and water quality preservation, storm water and erosion management, green waste management, pest and wildlife management
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
3153Number of participants who use extension-recommended best management practices in landscapes, turf, and gardens, including pest (insect, weed, disease) management, fertility management, water conservation, water quality preservation and pruning techniques
31530Total cost savings from the use of extension-recommended best management practices in landscapes, turf, and gardens, including pest (insect, weed, disease) management, fertility management, water conservation, water quality preservation and pruning techniques
2522Number of participants who use extension-recommended pest management practices in homes, public facilities, businesses or in community pest management programs
25220Cost savings from using extension-recommended pest management practices in homes, public facilities, businesses or in community pest management programs
2837Number of participants selecting appropriate landscape plants (adapted, drought tolerant, appropriate size, etc.)
56740Cost savings from the appropriate selection of landscape plants
2837Number of participants growing food for home consumption
283700Value of produce grown for home consumption
630Number of participants adopting composting
63Reduced tonnage of greenwaste as a result of Extension-recommended practices including composting and proper plant selection
15750Costs savings from implementing extension-recommended practices to conserve water use and protect water qualtiy
630Number of participants implementing extension-recommended practices to conserve water use and protect water qualtiy
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Youth and adult program participants will make healthy food choices, achieve the recommended amount of physical activity and reduce risk factors for chronic diseases.

Value* Impact Description
115Number of adults increasing their fruit and vegetables consumption
550Number of youth increasing their fruit and vegetable consumption
251Number of participants increasing their physical activity
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

IV. Number of Contacts Made by Extension

Type of ContactNumber
Face-to-face* 18,598
Non face-to-face** 109,798,967
Total by Extension staff in 2018 109,817,565
* Face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make directly with individuals through one-on-one visits, meetings, and other activities where staff members work directly with individuals.
** Non face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make indirectly with individuals by telephone, email, newsletters, news articles, radio, television, and other means.

V. Designated Grants Received by Extension

Type of GrantAmount
Contracts/Grants $500.00
Gifts/Donations $27,412.52
In-Kind Grants/Donations $6,277.40
United Way/Foundations $20,000.00
User Fees $14,719.62
Total $68,909.54

VI. Volunteer Involvement in Extension Programs

Number of Volunteers* Number of Volunteer Hours Known client contacts by volunteers Dollar Value at 25.43
4-H: 487 506 3,573 $ 12,868.00
Advisory Leadership System: 94 93 2,310 $ 2,365.00
Extension Community Association: 0 0 0 $ 0.00
Extension Master Gardener: 58 4,042 3,512 $ 102,788.00
Other: 196 1,101 2,208 $ 27,998.00
Total: 835 5742 11603 $ 146,019.00
* The number of volunteers reflects the overall number of volunteers for multiple events.

VII. Membership of Advisory Leadership System

Union County Extension Advisory Council
Anthony Hailey

Ben Rippy
Brian Nance
Carlos Santiago
Derek Phillips
Estelle Coffey
Heidi Medlin
Isabelle Gillespie
Jackie Morgan
Jerry Simpson
Jessica Honeycutt
Jim Chaffin
Karen Carnes
Kathy Price
Lawrence Willis
Martie Smith
Phillip Austin
Rick Pigg
Wanda Stegall
Family and Consumer Sciences Program Committee
Traci Colley
Kathy Deese
Andrew Friend
Julia Mitchell
Jackie Morgan
Kathleen Engart
Nancie Mandeville
Estelle R Coffey
John Hawthorne

4-H Youth Development Program Committee
Roslyn Forrester
Louie Rodriguez
Debbie Iannarelli
Angelia James
Doralisa Pellene
Ida Smith
Katie Ann Dayton
Jim Bention
Anderson Bannister
Beef Cattle Specialized Committee
Farrah Hargett
Chuck Broadaway
Jerry Davis
Jim Traynham
Michael Greene
Jessica Honeycutt
Jim Harley
Greg Little
Kathy Maye
Mike Mills
Chuck Steele
Gene Price
Field Crops Specialized Committee
Greg Hargett
Everette Medlin
Brian Nance
Everette Little
Phil Austin
Brian Gilliard




Horticulture Specialized Committee
Sonia McElveen
Michael Luther
Lorraine Houser
Donna Thrasher
Annie Howell
Karen Carnes
Sonia McElveen
Tina Sagartz
Diana Garmon
Tracy Brown
Barb Apelian
Carol Larrimore
Mary Sipe
Ben Rippy
Nicholas Tropeano
Senior Health and Wellness Specialized Committee
Julia Mitchell
Linda Smosky

Poultry Specialized Committee
Ronnie Parker
Todd Moore
Robert Lew
Roddy Purser
Tommy Porter
Bobby McCollum
John McInnis
Tommy Deese
Chris Dewitt
Marcus Norton
Chris Yaklin
Jeff Maness
Anthony Elkins
Derek Phillips
Scott Baucom
Ronnie Parker
Rodney Hopper
Alex Simpson
Mark Huneycutt
Jason Gurley
Cameron Faulkner
Alan Lane
TG Gibson
ECA
Shelby Ford
Audrey Bales
Katie Duncan
Faye Varney
Margaret Morrow
Harriet Metrosky
Estelle Coffey
Evelyn Sholar
4-H Dance
Terri Beeson
Judy Cook
Charlie Griffin
Debbie Iannarelli
Don Kerr
Jerry Simpson
Baxter Starnes
Freida Starnes
Clara Wiggins
4-H Fall Festival
Roslyn Forrester
Jessica Honeycutt
Debbie Iannarelli
Angelia James
Amanda Baucom
Heidi Medlin
Kelly Liddington
Crystal Starke
Yaneth Pena
Union County Farm City Committee
Carrie Stroud
Greg Little
Michelle Sarno
Elaine Austin
Kathy Price
Jodie Smith
Ron Cox
Sherry Thomas
Charlie Griffin
Chris Austin
Karen Carnes
Richard Goforth
Kelly Liddington
4-H Foundation Board
Carrie Cameron
Todd Johnson
Charlie Griffin
Debbie Iannarelli
Rick Pigg
Ida Smith
Freida Starnes
Michelle Sarno
Angelia James
Jeff Broadaway
James Bention




































































































































































































Mexican Consulate
Homero Andrade
Gustavo Arevalo
Adela Blandino
Rosana Campos
Amber Goodall
Ashley Lantz
Maria Laury
Helen Leak
Patrica Martinez
Roberto Mendez
Kyla Montes
Kim Wolfe
Jackie Morgan
Thelma Munguia
Doralisa Pellane
Martha Pulgarin
Mary Ann Rasberry
Sonia Ravnitzky
Dora Sanchez
Terry Stralow
Jaime Tejada


4-H Wake Up to Agriculture
Doug Latta
Dale Cochran
Farley Strickland
Mitchell Bryant
Tim Blair
Amanda Price
Ben Shumate
Bethany Vawter
Christina Sanders
Jonathan Deese
Lauren Marzetta
Steven Capobianco
Farmers Market
Jackie Morgan
Scott Howard
Valerie Greene
Susan Sganga
Holly Tartaglia
Jim Davis
Joy Goforth
Rocky River Local Foods
Gary Sikes
Phyllis Walsh
Brian Johnson
Robert Stoveall
Dale Nelson
Gabe Lowder
Joe Stegall
Kent Lowder
Scott Howard
Valerie Greene
Holly Tartaglia
EFNEP
Arely Sanchez
Isabelle Gillespie
Bryan McAllister
Bea Colson
Leigh Ellen Dudley
Nancy Mandeville

VIII. Staff Membership

Andrew Baucom
Title: County Extension Director
Phone: (704) 283-3738
Email: andrew_baucom@ncsu.edu

Cheri Bennett
Title: Nutrition Educator, Extension Program Assistant
Phone: (704) 283-3737
Email: cheri_bennett@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Nutrition Educator, Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program (EFNEP) in Union County. Provides nutrition education to adult participants ages 19 and up.

Dana Braswell
Title: County Extension Administrative Assistant
Phone: (704) 283-3742
Email: dana_braswell@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Preparing reports and financial data; working with all levels of internal management and staff, as well as outside clients and vendors. Perform secretarial duties for EFNEP Agent, 4H Agent and Area Specialized Poultry Agent, as well as Administrative duties.

Jenny Carleo
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Grain Crops
Phone: (704) 873-0507
Email: jscarleo@ncsu.edu

Candice Christian
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Consumer and Retail Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9148
Email: Candice_Christian@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: The overall goal of the Area Specialized Agents (ASAs) in Consumer & Retail Food Safety is to support FCS Agents in delivering timely and evidence-based food safety education and information to stakeholders in North Carolina.

Marti Day
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Dairy
Phone: (919) 542-8202
Email: marti_day@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Responsible for educational programs for dairy farmers, youth with an interest in dairy projects and the general public with an interest in dairy foods and the dairy industry.

Debbie Dillion
Title: Extension Agent, Agriculture - Horticulture
Phone: (540) 270-9553
Email: dddillio@ncsu.edu

Richard Goforth
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Poultry
Phone: (704) 283-3801
Email: richard_goforth@ncsu.edu

Marissa Herchler
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Animal Food Safety (FSMA Programs)
Phone: (919) 515-5396
Email: marissa_herchler@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marissa is an Area Specialized Agent for animal food safety, with emphasis on the new Food Safety Modernization Act rules, as they apply to feed mills in North Carolina. Please contact Marissa with any FSMA related questions, or PCQI training inquiries.

Stacey Jones
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Commercial Nursery and Greenhouse
Phone: (704) 920-3310
Email: stacey_jones@ncsu.edu

Peggie Lewis Joyce
Title: Area 4-H Agent - Central Region
Phone: (336) 242-2080
Email: peggie_lewis@ncsu.edu

Leah Joyner
Title: 4-H Program Assistant
Phone: (704) 283-3740
Email: lcjoyne2@ncsu.edu

Bill Lord
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Water Resources
Phone: (919) 496-3344
Email: william_lord@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Water quality education and technical assistance

Nancie Mandeville
Title: County Support Specialist
Phone: (704) 283-3720
Email: nancie_mandeville@ncsu.edu

Craig Mauney
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Commercial Vegetables and Fruits
Phone: (828) 684-3562
Email: craig_mauney@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides educational opportunities, training and technical support to commercial fruit and vegetable growers, agents, and industry in Western NC.

Marcus McFarland
Title: Extension Agent, Family and Consumer Sciences
Phone: (704) 283-3830
Email: marcus_mcfarland@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Providing support and outreach in regards to food safety, nutrition education, and improving the longevity of lives in the union county community.

Aaron Moore
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Small Farms
Phone: (704) 283-3743
Email: jamoore3@ncsu.edu

Currey Nobles
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9520
Email: canobles@ncsu.edu

Rachel Owens
Title: Extension Agent, Agriculture - Livestock
Phone: (704) 283-3739
Email: reowens2@ncsu.edu

Elena Rogers
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Food Safety - Fresh Produce Western NC
Phone: (828) 352-2519
Email: elena_rogers@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provide educational programs, training and technical support focusing on fresh produce safety to Agents and growers in Western NC.

Bill Smith
Title: Urban Forester
Phone: (704) 283-3510
Email: bill_l_smith@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: 5/3/18. Not on A&T payroll in 2017 lists, so switched status to No.

Crystal Starkes
Title: Extension Agent, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (704) 283-3735
Email: crystal_starkes@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: 4-H Youth Development Program

Mitch Woodward
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Watersheds and Water Quality
Phone: (919) 250-1112
Email: mdwoodwa@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: NC Cooperative Extension's Goals include: - NC's natural resources and environmental quality will be protected, conserved and enhanced. - NC will have profitable, environmentally sustainable plant, animal and food systems. Protecting our environmental resources, particularly drinking water quality, is a top priority in NC. NC Cooperative Extension is a leader in teaching, researching, and accelerating the adoption of effective water quality protection practices.

IX. Contact Information

Union County Center
3230-D Presson Rd
Monroe, NC 28112

Phone: (704) 283-3801
Fax: (704) 283-3734
URL: http://union.ces.ncsu.edu