2018 Vance County Program Impact Report

Approved: January 25, 2019

I. Executive Summary

North Carolina Cooperative Extension, Vance County Center, targeted the areas of profitable and sustainable agriculture, limited resource and disadvantaged farms, natural resources conservation, safety and security of our farm and food systems, parenting skills, local foods, volunteerism, and food and nutrition as major programming efforts in 2018. The 4-H program achieved success in collaborating with Vance County Schools to provide several enrichment activities including Speedway To Healthy, Agriculture Leadership, and Embryology. We were also able to host the 4-H District Activity Day for the North Central District. The 4-H/Master Gardener partnership taught “Soil to Salad: How does Your Garden Grow?” to 8 to 12 year old children, and taught the “Soil Solutions” curriculum to local third graders. Between June and August over 50 youth ages of 5 to 18 years of age were enrolled in 4-H Summer Fun workshops and other summer activities. Thanks to partnerships in the community, Cooperative Extension staff, two college/three high school interns, and dedicated adult volunteers, we provided over 50 high-quality educational programs.

Program efforts in agriculture and natural resources have addressed production, safety, and marketing. The annual Farm-City Day celebration was continued, with a well- received breakfast event sponsored by Farm Bureau. Commodity meetings held in conjunction with other counties such as Warren, Granville, and Franklin for tobacco and crop farmers. Pesticide applicator training helped producers stay up to date on regulations and on using pesticides safely. Workshops trained growers on production strategies including, high tunnel greenhouses, transplant production, pest control, and fall vegetable production. Master Gardener volunteers provided County Fair exhibits and demonstrations which helped educate the general public about Vance County Agriculture. The program continues to experience growth with the addition of new members. They continue to expand their programming efforts and have undertaken a project to beautify the Farmers Market with their memorial garden. Over this past year these volunteers have contributed 1700 hours of community service to the county.

The Vance County Regional Farmers Market ended another successful season, setting new records. We had over 8500 customer visits, including more than
1000 on the day of the Handcrafted Holiday Market. In addition, the facility hosted approximately 100 additional events, including gardening workshops,
farmer meetings, 4-H activities and more. We conservatively estimate that the facility generated over $250,000 in revenue for vendors.

The Agriculture program in Vance County continues its work with hydrilla. Hydrilla is an invasive aquatic weed that has infested hundreds of acres of shoreline in Kerr Lake (Vance and Warren Counties). After an informal survey of the infestation coordinated by Cooperative Extension in 2010, several agencies began discussions to address the problem. Those discussions occurred under the leadership of the US Army Corps of Engineers, and included NC Wildlife Resources Commission, Kerr Lake State Recreation Area, VA Division of Game and Inland Fisheries, Cooperative Extension, and others. Cooperative Extension was a valuable partner in these discussions, as well as in efforts to communicate options to the public and encourage community input. As a result, the US Army Corps of Engineers released 13,000 sterile grass carp into the lake. This non-breeding fish is a voracious consumer of hydrilla and should dramatically reduce the infested acreage, with little or no environmental impact. This will greatly benefit the recreational users of the lake, as well as those who own shoreline property.

In 2018, Vance County Cooperative Extension pesticide education and pest management programs reached over 200 farmers and licensed pesticide applicators. Educational efforts were accomplished through pesticide recertification meetings, crop production update meetings, and newsletters (electronic and hard copy). Partners included Pesticide Inspectors from the NC Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, NCSU Extension Specialists, and Extension Agents from neighboring counties. Through an end of the year survey, it is estimated that 81% of participants made improvements to three or more pesticide safety practices (e.g. use of protective equipment, storage practices, mixing practices, etc.). Data from the Agricultural Health Study shows that improved safety practices have measurable impacts on long-term health, such as risk of chronic disease. Furthermore, the year-end survey indicates that about 40% of program participants had measurable economic benefits through increased crop yields and/or reduced operating costs.

Programming for limited resource and disadvantaged farmers included growing strawberries, tomatoes, and other vegetables in High Tunnel production systems. Workshops and field days featured growing fall vegetables and how to control pests on small fruits and vegetables using Integrated Pest Management.

Vegetable Gardens are increasing in Vance County as families look for locally grown produce. Vance Extension staff worked to support a vibrant farmers’ market providing production and marketing information to vendors. The 4-H program has also worked with Vance County Schools to provide school gardens for students to learn about gardening and experience new foods at EM Rollins, Aycock, and Pinkston St. Elementary Schools.

Providing youth with basic nutrition concepts helps to improve their food preparation and safety skills. It also fosters positive dietary behaviors that they will carry with them into and throughout adulthood. Using lessons from Show Me Nutrition, Food for Thought and other approved curricula, 120 limited resource youth in Vance County were taught basic nutrition concepts and easy snack preparation skills by EFNEP PA, Rodney Steverson and Kristie Hicks. Pre- and post-evaluation data from 120 of those youth indicate that 80 percent either gained knowledge or improved their abilities to choose foods according to Federal Dietary Recommendations; 61 percent increased their knowledge or now use safe food handling practice more often; and 40 percent gained knowledge or improved their physical activity practices; 60 percent gained knowledge or improved in their ability to prepare simple, affordable and nutritious food; and 100 percent gained knowledge or acquired food security skills.

Family and Consumer Sciences (FCS) programming focused on food preservation, nutrition, the Vance County Extension and Community Association (ECA), and parenting education. Vance citizens have identified parenting as the priority FCS issue to address. The Parenting Education Program reached several demographic groups throughout the community. The parenting program has been acknowledge for their stellar program throughout the community and surrounding areas. The community ECA increased their membership by 7 members. The ECA continued its 30 plus year service project of nursing home visitation and support and added visiting the Boys and Girls Home of Lake Waccammaw. About 50 parents completed the incredible year's parenting program. Over 5,000 Vance County families benefited from the Vance County Food Giveaway that takes place on a monthly basis.

In 2018, the Vance County staff was effective in empowering the residents and providing solutions to the citizens of Vance County through the four programming efforts of Cooperative Extension.

II. County Background

Vance County is a rural county north of Raleigh on the Virginia-North Carolina border. The county seat, Henderson, has an active downtown with main street businesses, county and city government buildings, and residences. The county is rural in character with over 50,000 acres of farmland and about 96,000 acres of timberland, most of which is privately owned. It is home to Kerr Lake, a popular outdoor recreational area, and enjoys the benefit of a major transportation artery, Interstate 85.

Agriculture is a significant contributor to the county economy. According to the NC Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, farm cash receipts totaled over $16,200,000 in 2016. In addition, timber landowners were paid $2.2 million stumpage value with $3.9 million in delivered value (Source: NCSU Extension Forestry).

Vance County is considered economically depressed. According to the 2010 census, 32.3% of Vance County residents live in poverty, which is double the NC average of 16.2%. About 39% of the population resides in rental housing and fifty-five percent of total births are to teen moms. According to the Vance County Schools food service director, 89% of public school children receive free or reduced-priced meals.

This environment of assets and needs provides rich opportunity for Cooperative Extension programming, and Vance County Extension focuses on connecting Extension’s educational resources with county needs. Agricultural production and marketing practices will target maximizing profits for commercial producers, people with small farms, and forest landowners. Training will be provided to pesticide applicators and agricultural waste operators that will help protect Vance County’s abundant environmental resources. Work will continue on developing the Voluntary Agricultural District program, which helps to retain land in agriculture. Master Gardener volunteers will disseminate recommended plant growing methods to homeowners and youth through the 4-H/Master Gardener school enrichment program. Local foods will be available to consumers via farmers’ markets.

Vance County has a number of limited resource and disadvantaged farmers, along with farmers wanting to establish new small farm operations. Cooperative Extension programming will focus on farm business management and on production methods for small farms. This will include incorporating newer technologies on small farms to extend the growing season and programs on decreasing production costs, controlling pests, and increasing profitability on small farms.

4-H youth development efforts will strengthen and expand school enrichment opportunities such as drug prevention and Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math (STEM) programs. Community clubs, 4-H Teen Council, 4-H camp, presentation competition, and special interest programs will serve to teach youth leadership, citizenship, decision-making and other essential life skills.

Family and Consumer Sciences programs will target parenting skills by implementing Parenting Matters and the Incredible Years. Chronic disease prevention will be addressed by creating a close working relationship with the Family and Consumer Science agent and the Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program(EFNEP)Assistant. EFNEP will offer informative, hands-on nutrition classes to limited resource youth and adults with parenting responsibilities. The consumption and preservation of local foods will be encouraged. The Vance County Extension and Community Association will partner with Cooperative Extension to disseminate information on health, resource management, and emergency preparedness.

Vance County Extension staff conducted an environmental scan including mail surveys, telephone surveys, one-on-one interviews, and focus groups. Representatives from the following groups were included in the scan: city and county government, educational institutions, health and human service agencies, civic groups, churches, Extension Advisory and specialized committees. Major issues confronting the county include lack of jobs that pay a living wage, low educational achievement, families in crisis, lack of transportation, environmental quality, agricultural production and marketing. A prioritization scorecard and nominal group process was utilized to determine the priority issues for Cooperative Extension programming efforts: strengthening parenting skills, developing youth life skills, and enhancement and protection of the environment.

Vance County Cooperative Extension will lead programming efforts to plan, implement, and evaluate program impacts through collaborations with Extension Specialists, Advisory Leadership System, other government agencies, educational institutions, the faith-based community, private business partners, civic groups, and volunteers.

III. Objectives to Address the Cooperative Extension Long Range Plan

Producers will increase sales of food locally to more agriculturally aware consumers through market development, producer and consumer education, and new farmer and infrastructure support.

Value* Outcome Description
91Number of producers who gain skills or knowledge to increase production for local markets.
294Number of adults (including producers, food business owners, etc.) who improved knowledge of local food and agricultural systems.
12Number of children/youth who improved knowledge of local food and agricultural systems.
12Number of individuals who gain knowledge or acquire skills related to vegetable/fruit gardening, and if also reporting under Urban and Consumer Agriculture Objective, divide up the reported number appropriately between the two objectives to avoid duplication.
20Number of producers who improve local food marketing skills or knowledge.
12Number of individuals who learn how to prepare local foods, including through use of home food preservation techniques.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
2Number of new and existing access points for consumers that expand or improve their offering of local fruits and vegetables. Access points include farmers markets, retail stores, school food programs, community gardens, institutions other than schools (e.g. hospitals, universities, etc.), and other systems/access points not noted (e.g. restaurants, etc.).
23Number of producers selling their agricultural products to local markets (direct, intermediated/food service, institutional) for consumption in NC.
10Number of producers who diversified their marketing strategies into local markets (direct, intermediated/food service, institutional).
30000Gross sales of local foods by producers. (Increase in gross sales to be calculated at the state level.)
20Number of producers (and other members of the local food supply chain) who have increased revenue.
1Number of new farms (beginning farmers) selling into local markets for local consumption (in this reporting period).
11Number of individuals who begin home food production by starting a vegetable and/or fruit garden, and if also reporting under Urban and Consumer Horticulture Objective, divide up the reported number appropriately between the two objectives to avoid duplication.
3Number of individuals who begin home food production by starting to raise backyard livestock.
3000Number of pounds of fresh produce donated for consumption by vulnerable populations.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Individuals and groups will acquire leadership and decision making capacities needed to guide and actively participate in local and state organizations.

Value* Outcome Description
3Number of adults assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
300Number of youth increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
10Number of youth assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
3Number of adults assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
300Number of youth increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
10Number of youth assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Youth and adults will address community issues and/or challenges through volunteerism.

Futures that Work: School to Career Pathways

Value* Outcome Description
93Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
60Total number of female participants in STEM program
12Number of high school age youth (students) participating as members of 4-H clubs
175Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge of career/employability skills
175Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge of entrepreneurship
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
93Number of youth (students) gaining knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
300Number of youth (students) gaining career / employability skills
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Consumers and communities will enhance the value of plants, animals, and landscapes while conserving valuable natural resources and protecting the environment.

Value* Outcome Description
395Number of participants improving knowledge, attitude, skills and aspirations regarding gardening and landscape practices including plant selection and placement, turfgrass management, soil management, growing food, water conservation and water quality preservation, storm water and erosion management, green waste management, pest and wildlife management
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
300Number of participants who use extension-recommended best management practices in landscapes, turf, and gardens, including pest (insect, weed, disease) management, fertility management, water conservation, water quality preservation and pruning techniques
27000Total cost savings from the use of extension-recommended best management practices in landscapes, turf, and gardens, including pest (insect, weed, disease) management, fertility management, water conservation, water quality preservation and pruning techniques
20Number of participants who use extension-recommended pest management practices in homes, public facilities, businesses or in community pest management programs
6000Cost savings from using extension-recommended pest management practices in homes, public facilities, businesses or in community pest management programs
10Number of participants selecting appropriate landscape plants (adapted, drought tolerant, appropriate size, etc.)
2000Cost savings from the appropriate selection of landscape plants
8Number of participants growing food for home consumption
8000Value of produce grown for home consumption
2Number of participants adopting composting
1Reduced tonnage of greenwaste as a result of Extension-recommended practices including composting and proper plant selection
2Number of participants implementing extension-recommended practices to conserve water use and protect water qualty
3000Costs savings from implementing extension-recommended practices to conserve water use and protect water qualtiy
290Number of participants implementing extension-recommended practices to conserve water use and protect water qualtiy
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Youth and adult program participants will make healthy food choices, achieve the recommended amount of physical activity and reduce risk factors for chronic diseases.

Value* Impact Description
488Number of youth increasing their fruit and vegetable consumption
488Number of participants increasing their physical activity
488Number of participants who consume less sodium in their diet
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

IV. Number of Contacts Made by Extension

Type of ContactNumber
Face-to-face* 12,537
Non face-to-face** 11,113
Total by Extension staff in 2018 23,650
* Face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make directly with individuals through one-on-one visits, meetings, and other activities where staff members work directly with individuals.
** Non face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make indirectly with individuals by telephone, email, newsletters, news articles, radio, television, and other means.

V. Designated Grants Received by Extension

Type of GrantAmount
Contracts/Grants $16,000.00
Gifts/Donations $13,561.20
In-Kind Grants/Donations $125.00
United Way/Foundations $0.00
User Fees $0.00
Total $29,686.20

VI. Volunteer Involvement in Extension Programs

Number of Volunteers* Number of Volunteer Hours Known client contacts by volunteers Dollar Value at 25.43
4-H: 102 124 1,825 $ 3,153.00
Advisory Leadership System: 39 109 0 $ 2,772.00
Extension Community Association: 212 106 743 $ 2,696.00
Extension Master Gardener: 12 845 0 $ 21,488.00
Other: 409 96 6,655 $ 2,441.00
Total: 774 1280 9223 $ 32,550.00
* The number of volunteers reflects the overall number of volunteers for multiple events.

VII. Membership of Advisory Leadership System

Small Farms Committee
Calvin Adcock
William Owens
Curtis Paul
Susan Sears
Magnolia H. Williams
Dwight Wright
Vance County Parenting Task Force
Amy Oakes
Angelena Kearney-Dunlap
Anne Williams
Annie Perry
Carolyn Hayes
Cassandra Evans
Cherld Jones
Dana Greenway
Darlene Williams
Donnamarie Newkirk
Elizabeth Dale
Frank Sossamon
Geraldine Champion
Jacquetta Bullock
Jeanene Clopton
Kanika Turrentine
Kathy Caudle
Kathy Falkner
Kim Currin
Lisa Mosley
Meredith Houchins
Millie Camacho
Otha Jr & Shamieka Thornton
Sophia Jefferson
Vanessa Brooks
Wanda Hunt
Yvette Lyons
Vance County Extension and Community Advisory Committee
Lucille Alston
Marguerite Anduze
Marian Blackwell
Naomi Dixon
Ann Ellis
Rosa Evans
Geri Floyd
Evelyn Henderson
Ulice Hill
Priscilla Johnson
Annie Monroe
Fannie Russell
Doris Stainback
Velma Steed
Linda K. Terry
Verona Thorpe
Jessie Mae Williams
Lois Williams
Agatha White-Vass
Vance County 4-H Specialized Committee
Crystal Allen
William Clayton
Bill Craig
Carol Edwards
Thomas Franklin
Terri Hedrick
Larry Johnson
Joselyn Kearney
Kecia Perkinson
Irvin Robinson
Kamika Turrentine
Jessica West
Vance County Advisory Leadership Council
Lemondre Watson, Chair
Priscialla Johnson, Vice Chair
Tara Goolsby, Secretary
Bailey Goldman
Brenda Peace-Jenkins
Byron Currin
Christeen Crudup
Eugene Matthews
Gordon Wilder
Ashton Murphy
Lois Williams
Marty Smith (SAC Representative)
Ruth Brummitt
Willa Clark
William Craig
4-H Youth Livestock Committee
Phil Walters
Joel Harris
Carol Edwards
Claudia Grissom
Master Gardener Advisory Board
Edna Gaston, Chair
Marty Finkel, Vice-Chair
Eileen Novak, Secretary
Beverly Allen
Merwin Deickmann
Deborah Price
Carl Shafer
Farmers Market Advisory Board
Deborah Price
Magnolia Williams
Sam Franklin
Kermit Thompson
Gene Matthews
Frank Hester
Lois Williams
Julia Langston
Pete Burgess
Barbara Hicks
Jackie Sergent
Gordon Wilder

VIII. Staff Membership

Turner Pride
Title: County Extension Director
Phone: (252) 438-8188
Email: turner_pride@ncsu.edu

Lisa Benavente
Title: Regional Nutrition Extension Associate - Urban Programming, EFNEP and SNAP-Ed
Phone: (919) 515-3888
Email: lisa_benavente@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides programmatic supervision to the EFNEP program in Wake, Durham, and Orange Counties. Responsible for training new EFNEP educators and volunteer development.

Daniel Campeau
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Poultry
Phone: (919) 542-8202
Email: dan_campeau@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Work mainly with Commercial Poultry industry. I also work with small scale poultry production. Service area is now the North Central District from Guilford to Halifax with the southern edge being Chatham and Wake county respectively.

Erin Eure
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Commercial Fruits and Vegetables
Phone: (252) 357-1400
Email: erin_eure@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides educational opportunities and technical support to commercial fruit and vegetable growers, agents, and industry in northeastern NC.

Email: jglover@ncsu.edu

Marissa Herchler
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Animal Food Safety (FSMA Programs)
Phone: (919) 515-5396
Email: marissa_herchler@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marissa is an Area Specialized Agent for animal food safety, with emphasis on the new Food Safety Modernization Act rules, as they apply to feed mills in North Carolina. Please contact Marissa with any FSMA related questions, or PCQI training inquiries.

Lina Howe
Title: Extension Agent, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (252) 438-8188
Email: lelue@ncsu.edu

Lynette Johnston
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-0303
Email: lynette_johnston@ncsu.edu

Peggie Lewis Joyce
Title: Area 4-H Agent - Central Region
Phone: (336) 242-2080
Email: peggie_lewis@ncsu.edu

Nitasha Kearney
Title: EFNEP Educator
Phone: (252) 438-8188
Email: ndkearney@ncat.edu

Danny Lauderdale
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Nursery and Greenhouse, Eastern Region
Phone: (252) 237-0111
Email: danny_lauderdale@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides programming to commercial ornamental nursery and greenhouse producers in eastern North Carolina.

Bill Lord
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Water Resources
Phone: (919) 496-3344
Email: william_lord@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Water quality education and technical assistance

Paul McKenzie
Title: Area Agent, Agriculture
Phone: (252) 438-8188
Email: paul_mckenzie@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provide programming in Forestry, Pesticide Education, Field Crops (Vance only), and Horticulture in Vance and Warren Counties.

Annette Roberson
Title: County Extension Administrative Assistant
Phone: (252) 438-8188
Email: aprobers@ncsu.edu

Wayne Rowland
Title: Agricultural Natural Resources Technician
Phone: (252) 438-8188
Email: dwrowlan@ncat.edu

Chip Simmons
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Food Safety
Phone: (919) 414-5632
Email: odsimmon@ncsu.edu

Debbie Stroud
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Consumer and Retail Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9149
Email: dlstroud@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Area Specialized Agents in Consumer and Retail Food Safety help to ensure that Family and Consumer Sciences (FCS) Agents have access to timely, evidence-based food safety information. This is accomplished by (1) working with FCS Agents in their counties, (2) developing food safety materials and (3) planning and implementing a NC Safe Plates Food Safety Info Center.

Mitch Woodward
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Watersheds and Water Quality
Phone: (919) 250-1112
Email: mdwoodwa@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: NC Cooperative Extension's Goals include: - NC's natural resources and environmental quality will be protected, conserved and enhanced. - NC will have profitable, environmentally sustainable plant, animal and food systems. Protecting our environmental resources, particularly drinking water quality, is a top priority in NC. NC Cooperative Extension is a leader in teaching, researching, and accelerating the adoption of effective water quality protection practices.

IX. Contact Information

Vance County Center
305 Young St
Henderson, NC 27536

Phone: (252) 438-8188
Fax: (252) 492-3830
URL: http://vance.ces.ncsu.edu