2018 Wake County Plan of Work

Approved: February 8, 2018

I. County Background

In January, 2018, Wake County, the Capital seat of North Carolina, was home to more than 1,130,000 million people. It is the 2nd fastest growing county in the nation with a population over 1 million. Wake continues to be named among the top counties in the country to live, work, play and raise children. The county sees 67 new residents each day and continues to lose 13,800 acres of open space each year to other uses. Forty-eight percent of Wake's population has achieved a bachelor's or higher post secondary degree compared to 27% statewide. The median age has risen to 35; unemployment has fallen to 4.7% and the median income is now $67,000. Additionally, the County has been named either the healthiest or 2nd healthiest county in the state the last seven years according the National County Health Rankings. Of note, approximately 10% of the state's total population and 10% of the state's population under 25 live in Wake County. While the percentage of Wake's population living below the poverty rate is smaller than many counties at 11%; that number represents approximately 124,600 people, a population larger than the total population of 78 counties in North Carolina.

North Carolina State University's Extension program in Wake County represents a partnership between Wake County Government, the land grant universities in the State and the community including the customers we serve, the Advisory Leadership System within the County and our valued volunteers. Together we are working to align resources with substantiated needs, the strategic initiatives of both systems and the goals established by the Wake County Board of Commissioners. In 2017, the Extension Center in Wake County deployed 34.5 staff and just over $2.3 million in support of efforts to build human capital among individuals, contribute to the health of the community and vitality of our local economy. Core programs include Food, Agriculture and Youth Development.

Extension professionals in Wake County contribute substantially to the communities infrastructure to support collective impact. Extension provides shared leadership to the County's Priority Goal for Social & Economic Vitality, the Youth Thrive collective impact initiative for young people, the development of the Capital Area Food Network and the establishment of a comprehensive plan for Food Security. They also contribute through their support of Advocates for Health in Action, the Watershed Education Network, Wake County Smart Start, the Wake Partnership for Post Secondary Success, the County's Emergency Animal Plan and the Community Health Integrated Strategies Team within Human Services. Extension has significant partnerships with more than 70 organizations and all 11 municipalities and strong integrated program efforts are in place with the WCHS Communicable Disease and Health Promotion Programs within Public Health; LINKS and Relative Caregivers within Child Welfare; the Water Quality, Environmental Health & Integrated Pest Management Divisions within Wake County Environmental Services.

In 2016-2017, the Wake Extension Center collaborated to initiate several new programs & initiatives. The SE Raleigh Edition of the Innovation Challenge ignited local partnerships with the City of Raleigh, Wake County, Carolina's Small Business Development Group, United Way of the Triangle and the SE Raleigh Promise. We worked together to leverage and invest 120K in social entrepreneurship projects developed by residents from SE Raleigh for SE Raleigh addressing Social & Economic Vitality effort for youth and adults. Our work with the Food Security Work Group and the Capital Area Food Network, culminated in funding, development and adoption of a comprehensive Food Security Plan, Moving Beyond Hunger, which broadened the County's approach to embrace the entire food system, broadened public input and established infrastructure for coordination & management of shared measures across the community related to this critical issue in our community. In addition, Extension is responsible for initiating, acquiring and managing a partnership with the Corporation for National & Community Service with Wake County to deploy four full time VISTAs throughout our community to help build capacity and support meaningful food security efforts through effective mapping and utilization of data, strengthening the food policy council and focused efforts to expand the Summer Food Service Program as well as aligning specific strategies within hot spots targeted by our Social & Economic Vitality Community Pilots. With Extension as a primary partner, Youth Thrive, released the Blueprint for Youth Success; a Call to Action for the Community to rally around the elimination of Suicides among young people, a strong bullying prevention campaign and a focused effort to help middle school students gain access to college visits, supporting post secondary success efforts among under-represented populations. The County's 4-H program expanded their efforts to provide sexual health to vulnerable populations of young people including those in detention centers and in several group homes in our area; engaged Latino students in 3 area schools to increase school commitment and positive sense of future, continued efforts to support leadership development and life skills attainment among foster youth as well as hundreds of young people engaged through 4-H clubs in the County.

Wake County 4-H Youth Development provided significant educational opportunities and supports to 3,464 youth. Ninety percent of these youth participated in staff facilitated life skills education groups or camps and ten percent were involved in volunteer led clubs. In order to reach limited resource families and priority populations identified by the child welfare, juvenile justice, and public health systems these services were delivered at 72 locations across the county. An additional 798 youth were reached through community outreach and school enrichment activities in cooperation with NCSU faculty and staff. 4-H also reached 1,698 adults through a variety of educational programs designed to increase self-sufficiency and promote adoption of best practices in positive youth development among family caregivers and community organizations. As a result of these efforts, 2,547 youth and adults demonstrated effective use of life skills (such as goal setting, stress management and adoption of health behaviors), and 518 individuals increased their knowledge of community resources they could access to sustain success in the future.

Volunteers continue to be a vital part of our educational delivery system in Extension. A new general orientation for all Extension volunteers is now in place improving the experience for potential volunteers and creating additional ambassadors for Extension. The County has 168 trained Master Gardener Volunteers, 105 members of Extension in the Community Association and more than 530 adults who volunteered last year through 4-H.

In 2018, the Wake Extension Center will continue to sustain and expand the effectiveness of these partnerships and educational services to consumers, youth & families, professionals and colleagues. Extension staff will continue to provide crucial infrastructure for collective impact initiatives in the community addressing Social & Economic Vitality of Vulnerable Communities, Youth Development, Food Security, Food Policy and Water Quality. These efforts will require Extension to play a vital role in advancing shared measurement systems, which will mean focusing on data collection across systems, using data for shared decision-making and better understanding the impact of specific strategies related to several key issues and populations. Our work in this area will be vital to engaging more grassroots voices and building community leadership and the development of a human capital pipeline in pilot areas. Our work in Agriculture and Natural Resources is crucial to helping our farmers sustain viable income that allows them to preserve their farms and production capacity for the future. Agriculture agents are working to host on farm trials related to soybeans, sweet potatoes, corn and pastures. They are engaged in expanding markets, supporting food safety and pollinator health in addition to integrated pest management efforts. This work is essential to the preservation of farmland and open space.

II. Objectives to Address the Cooperative Extension Long Range Plan

North Carolina's plant production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.
North Carolina's agricultural crops industry makes major contributions to local communities and the state’s economy. In 2014, the estimated farm gate value of crops was $4.72 billion, placing NC as the 17th largest in the nation. North Carolina is one of the most diversified agriculture states in the nation. The state's 50,200 farmers grow over 80 different commodities, utilizing 8.4 million of the state's 31 million acres to furnish consumers a dependable and affordable supply of food and fiber. Tobacco remains one of the state's most predominant farm commodities. North Carolina produces more tobacco and sweet potatoes than any other state and ranks second in Christmas tree cash receipts. The state also produces a significant amount of cucumbers for pickles, lima beans, turnip greens, collard greens, mustard greens, strawberries, bell peppers, blueberries, chili peppers, fresh market cucumbers, snap beans, cabbage, eggplant, watermelons, pecans, peaches, squash, apples, sweet corn, tomatoes, and grapes. There is continual technological change and the relative profitability of individual farm enterprises changes over time; therefore, farmers must respond by modifying their farming operations. Changes in consumer demand create new opportunities for producers. Growth in alternative forms of agriculture will include, among others, organic and niche market production. Educational and training programs for producers of plant agricultural products and services will enhance their ability to achieve financial and lifestyle goals and to enhance economic development locally, regionally and statewide.
North Carolina's animal production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.
North Carolina's livestock industry makes major contributions to local communities and the state’s economy. In 2014, the estimated farm gate value of livestock, dairy, and poultry was $8.85 billion, placing NC as the 7th largest in the nation. Hogs & pigs have historically been an important part of North Carolina agriculture. The industry has changed dramatically since the 1980s from the small farm raising a few hogs to large confinement type operations. North Carolina's number of cattle & calves on farms has remained relatively stable throughout time. Milk cow inventory and milk production have continued to decline in the state. Unlike other commodities, broiler production in North Carolina is increasing throughout the state. There is continual technological change and the relative profitability of individual farm enterprises changes over time; therefore, farmers must respond by modifying their farming operations. Changes in consumer demand create new opportunities for producers. Growth in alternative forms of agriculture will include, among others, organic, niche market production, and pasture-raised livestock. Educational and training programs for producers of animal agricultural products and services will enhance their ability to achieve financial and lifestyle goals and to enhance economic development locally, regionally and statewide.
Producers will increase sales of food locally to more agriculturally aware consumers through market development, producer and consumer education, and new farmer and infrastructure support.
Farmers will increase their capacity to supply product for local food sales through market planning efforts, producer and consumer education, beginning farmer training programs and local market infrastructure development. The fastest growing area of consumer demand in agriculture continues to be organic. Farmers' markets continue to expand as do multiple efforts in local sustainable agriculture. Nationally, "Buy Local, Buy Fresh" movements have emerged in the face of concerns about the risks involved in long distance transportation of industrialized food production. Increasingly, public officials and business leaders see promotion of local farm products as good public policy and local economic development. Additionally, individuals will learn to supplement their current diet by growing their own fruits and vegetables as individuals or as community groups.
Agricultural producers, workers, food handlers and consumers will adopt safer food and agricultural production, handling, and distribution practices that reduce workplace and home injuries/illnesses, enhance food security, and increase the quality and safety of food that North Carolinians prepare and consume.
Training and educational programs for farmers, agricultural workers, food handlers, and consumers will provide research-based programming, materials, information and expertise to compel these individuals to implement practices relating to the overall safety and security for the food supply and farming systems. Components of this include on-farm, packinghouse, and transportation management, retail and food service establishments, and consumer’s homes. Therefore targeted audiences include farmers and agricultural workers and their families, food handlers and workers (both amateur and commercial), transporters, processors, business operators, food service and retail staff, supervisors of any food facility, long term care facility staff and individuals who purchase, prepare and serve food in their homes. With an estimated 76 million foodborne illnesses annually, costing an estimated $1.4 trillion, food safety highlights a specific area of risk to be addressed by Cooperative Extension. The recent produce-related foodborne illness outbreaks have brought public attention to a problem that has been increasing nationally for the last ten years. The issues of foodborne illness and food safety pose immediate risks for farmers affecting the areas of economics, consumer demand, and market access. Because no processing or kill steps are involved with produce that is typically eaten raw, the best measures to limit microorganisms and fresh produce related illness are to prevent microbes from contaminating the product. Practices like Good Agricultural Practices (GAPs), Good Handling Practices (GHPs), and Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points (HACCP) represent a systematic preventive approach to food safety, protecting agricultural products as they move from farm to retail and restaurants and finally to families. While there is currently no legal requirements for growers to implement GAPs, buyers have responded to the public concern by requiring their produce growers to adhere to current guidelines and possibly even require GAPs certification. The main areas of concern incorporate production, harvesting, packing, and transporting produce in the areas of water quality, manure management, domestic and wildlife management, worker health and hygiene, transportation, traceability, and documentation. For North Carolina growers to be competitive and produce safe product, it is important that they gain knowledge about and implement food safety programs that minimize physical, chemical and biological hazards Food safety risks do not stop at primary production. As risks associated with pathogens can occur at many junctions between primary production and consumption, food safety is a truly farm-to-fork issue. The World Health Organization and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have defined 5 factors that lead to foodborne illness outbreaks: Inadequate cooking or processing procedures; improper storage and holding temperatures, cross-contamination between potentially contaminated raw materials and ready-to-eat foods (either directly or through poor sanitation); and poor implementation of personal hygiene practices. The preventative steps targeting risk reduction taken at each of the components making up the food supply chain are critical in preventing food-borne illness. Educational programs including ServSAFE, School HACCP workshops, food safety at childcare and senior centers, and targeted farm-to-fork food safety inclusion for all food handlers is necessary for important for advances in knowledge and implementation of preventative programs. Equally important is that families and children have a secure food supply. Hunger in American households has risen by 43 percent over the last five years, according to an analysis of US Department of Agriculture (USDA) data released in the report "Household Food Security in the United States, 2004." The analysis, completed by the Center on Hunger and Poverty at Brandeis University, shows that more than 7 million people have joined the ranks of the hungry since 1999. The USDA report says that 38.2 million Americans live in households that suffer directly from hunger and food insecurity, including nearly 14 million children. That figure is up from 31 million Americans in 1999. Limited-resource, socially disadvantaged and food-insecure individuals, families and communities will be provided with information and opportunities to enhance household food, diet and nutritional security. Agriculture is one of the most hazardous industries in the United States, and consistently ranks as the first, second or third most deadly industry along with mining and construction. Agriculture is unique in that the work and home place are often the same, exposing both workers and family members to hazards. In the United States on average each year, there are 700 deaths and 140,000 injuries to those who work in agriculture, defined as farming, forestry and fishing. Farmers, farmworkers and their families are at high risk for fatal and nonfatal injuries (primarily from tractor roll-overs, machinery entanglements, and animal handling incidents), musculo-skeletal conditions, work-related lung diseases, noise-induced hearing loss, heat stress and heat stroke, pesticide exposure and illness, skin diseases, behavioral health issues, and certain cancers associated with chemical use and prolonged sun exposure. The health and safety of migrant and seasonal farmworkers are complicated by other conditions such as infectious disease, hypertension, and diabetes, as well as cultural and language barriers. Farmers and farmworkers alike are subject to lack of access to health care. Agricultural injury and illness are costly, with total US annual costs reaching $4.5 billion and per farm costs equaling $2,500, or 15% of net income. Median health care coverage for farm families is $6,000 per year. In North Carolina, 27% of farm families do not have health insurance, while 29% of farmers do not have health insurance. Many others have health care coverage with high annual deductibles and high premiums. Agromedicine is a comprehensive, collaborative approach involving both agricultural and health scientists to develop solutions addressing the health and safety issues of the agricultural community through research, education and outreach. The North Carolina Agromedicine Institute, a partnership of NC State University, NC A&T State University and East Carolina University in collaboration with others, develops and evaluates effective programs to reduce injury and illness in agriculture, forestry and fishing. One such program is called Certified Safe Farm (CSF) and AgriSafe. CSF and AgriSafe were first developed and researched in Iowa. CSF and AgriSafe are being adapted to North Carolina agriculture by the NC Agromedicine Institute and its Cooperative Extension collaborators. Certified Safe Farm combines AgriSafe health services (wellness and occupational health screenings and personal protection equipment selection and fit services) conducted by trained AgriSafe health providers, on-farm safety reviews conducted by trained Extension agents, and community education and outreach to achieve safety and health goals established by participating farmers and their employees and families. Insurance incentives and safety equipment cost-share programs for participating farmers are still being developed. Other ongoing educational programs addressing agricultural health and safety include farm safety days for children, youth, or families, employee hands-on farm safety training, the National Safe Tractor and Machinery Operation Program for youth, and youth ATV operator safety certification programs.
Individuals and groups will acquire leadership and decision making capacities needed to guide and actively participate in local and state organizations.
Leadership is important to every level of a community sharing in the creation of wealth and well-being. Youth and adult leaders must be capable of motivating groups to achieve common goals that impact North Carolina families and communities.They will need the confidence and skill to guide and support North Carolina community and state organizations. Citizens participating in the 2007 NC Tomorrow survey denoted the importance of leadership by clearly requesting leadership training (54%), social advising, community advising and technical assistance (45%)from their university system.
Youth and adults will address community issues and/or challenges through volunteerism.
Youth and adult volunteers in North Carolina contribute thousands of hours each year to strengthen communities and create strong foundations for the future. As these individuals engage in service, they are gaining new skills, generating new programs to serve their communities, building successful organizations, and fostering an ethic of service. Cooperative Extension is poised to support the development of interpersonal skills, leadership experiences, and content knowledge to ensure that citizens are prepared to engage in meaningful service throughout the lifespan. Current research suggests that youth and adult participation positively impacts civic engagement and contributes to the development of leadership capacities. With its presence in every county, Cooperative Extension is uniquely positioned to contribute to building a stronger ethic of service among youth and adults.
Community members, organizations and local government will engage in collaborative dialog and decision-making to build economically, socially and environmentally resilient communities. This will be done through inclusive engagement, partnership building, and/or community planning.
Throughout North Carolina, communities that come together to collaboratively address issues and/or interests are enhancing the community's quality of life and its economic, social and environmental resiliency. The state's growing population and economy is producing significant changes in its communities and in some cases resulting in the emergence of new communities. The perspectives, capacity and skills of all community members are essential to aligning community decisions and actions with local needs, assets and priorities. NC Cooperative Extension has an important role in engaging and supporting the ongoing work of citizens, organizations, and communities in decision-making, and strategic dialog to influence positive public policy, foster development of partnerships, create empowered communities, be prepared to address the high potential for natural and human-caused disasters.
Parents and caregivers will effectively use recommended parenting, self care practices and community resources.
North Carolina communities are only as strong and viable as the families that reside there. To create and maintain viable communities where children and youth succeed and the elderly are protected and cared for parents and caregivers need knowledge and skills that build their capacity to function effectively and carryout their responsibilities. They need to be equipped to: 1) foster positive parent-child relationships, 2) address anti-social behavior with appropriate disciplinary techniques, 3) implement positive role modeling, child monitoring and supervision strategies and 4) prevent practices that lead to the abuse and neglect of children. State data suggest that strengthening parenting skills could serve as an asset to families and communities. Risk and needs assessment data on 46,041 youth involved in NC courts found that 59% of the youth had problems in school, 40% had relationships with peers associated with gangs and delinquent behavior, 40% had parents who were either unable or unwilling to supervise them, and 68% had parents with either marginal or inadequate supervision skills. A large percentage of NC working families with children under six (63.34%) must rely on child care services. Child care practitioner education and training is key to providing quality childcare. Family members provide care to a rapidly growing aging population that could double, reaching 2.8 million in the next two decades. A majority of elderly North Carolinians suffer from multiple chronic illnesses. Caregiver demands can trigger health problems, financial and emotional stress. Families who provide care and support for elderly family members also need skills to succeed with less stress and financial burden and need to be linked to community resources that provide support for the care and maintenance of elderly family members.
Futures that Work: School to Career Pathways
We are living in a new economy powered by technology, fueled by information and driven by knowledge. Extension programs provide opportunities for youth and adults to improve their level of education and increase their skills that enable them to be competitive in our global society and workforce.
North Carolinians will make decisions and adopt practices that implement effective resource protection and conservation.
The natural resources in North Carolina are an important asset that benefit all citizens, but many citizens are unaware of the consequences of actions and practices they implement. The continued population growth of North Carolina is putting pressure on natural resources in terms of quantity and quality. To have a healthy and productive natural environment, professionals and citizens must be knowledgeable of environmental issues and conservation and management opportunities.
Consumers and communities will enhance the value of plants, animals, and landscapes while conserving valuable natural resources and protecting the environment.
Residential, commercial and public entities will make decisions regarding plant selection, placement and management that will decrease water consumption, preserve and improve water quality, mitigate storm water contaminants, reduce erosion, energy consumption, and greenwaste, expand wildlife habitat, improve real estate value, and improve diet and nutrition of consumers. The horse and "farmer lifestyle" industry will continue to grow and have an increasing impact on North Carolina's economy, while protecting the environment. The NCDA&CS reports that 65,000 horse producers own over 225,000 horses which annually generates over $704 million of gross revenue from training, showing, boarding and breeding establishments in addition to agri-business sales of horse-related products. The total economic impact of the NC green industry is $8.6 billion, involving 151,982 employees, and 120,741 acres of production (Green Industry Council, 2006). North Carolina residential consumers spend $5.9 billion dollars per year on garden and landscape related expenses (Green Industry Council, 2006). For 2007, North Carolina's population is estimated to be 8,968,800 (LINC). The population grew by 1,323,288 (15%), between 1997 and 2007 and it is projected to grow by another 1,330,055 (13%), over the next ten years (LINC). Over 50% of the population now lives in urban areas. Despite evidence of the ecological and financial benefits, environmentally responsible landscaping strategies are not being implemented widely. Renovating a landscape to incorporate water conserving strategies may result in using 36% less water. Urban water run-off accounts for the majority of water pollution, mostly pesticides and fertilizers, that does not come from a specific industrial source. Selection of well-adapted plants, effective pest management, and appropriate care and feeding of plants will greatly reduce dependence on fertilizers and pesticides. Rain water that is not absorbed by the soil becomes erosive storm water runoff, which transports pollutants such as fertilizer, pesticides, sediment, motor oil, litter, and animal waste to local streams and rivers. Landscape designs will include rain gardens and other runoff catchment facilities (underground cisterns, etc.) that are attractive and easy to maintain in residential areas. Homeowners will learn that proper plant selection and placement can reduce winter heating bills by as much as 15% and summer cooling bills by as much as 50 percent, while reducing the need to prune over-sized plants. Wild habitat areas are rapidly being converted into housing and commercial properties, displacing native plants and animals. Choosing native or adapted plants that provide food and shelter creates a haven for butterflies, birds, lizards, and other animals. Edible landscaping can increase the amount and expand the variety of fresh fruits and vegetables consumed.
Youth and adult program participants will make healthy food choices, achieve the recommended amount of physical activity and reduce risk factors for chronic diseases.
Many North Carolinians are affected by chronic disease and conditions that compromise their quality of life and well-being. Heart disease, stroke and cancer continue to be leading causes of death in our state. In addition, obesity and obesity related chronic diseases such as diabetes continue to rise at alarming rates. Healthy eating and physical activity are critical to achieve optimal health. Many North Carolinians have diets that are too high in calories and too low in fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Portion sizes, foods eaten away-from-home and consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages continue to rise. In addition, most North Carolinians do not engage in regular physical activity. The prevalence of overweight and obesity has nearly doubled in the past 10 years. If the trend of overweight is not slowed, it will eliminate the progress we have made in reducing the burden of weigh-related chronic disease. One in every three US children born after 2000 will become diabetic unless many more people start eating less and exercising more. The cost of obesity in North Carolina in health care costs alone is over 2 billion dollars. There are many proposed reasons for the obesity epidemic, however unhealthy eating and physical inactivity are widely recognizes as primary contributors to the problem. Those who make healthy food choices and are physically active are more likely to achieve and maintain a healthy weight as well reduce chronic diseases. Ultimately, this will lead to reduction in health care costs, increased longevity, greater productivity and improved quality of life.

III. Relationship to County Government Objectives

NCCE-Wake County Center programs and resources are well aligned with local government priorities. Leadership and staff are involved in environmental scanning, community needs assessment, integrated program development, planning and management structures within various departments and divisions. The County Extension Director (CED) consults in the annual budget development process within the Wake County Human Services Dept and directly with staff from the County's Budget and Finance Dept for a separate quasi-departmental resource allocation for non-human services related items. Staff are directly involved in strategic planning with the Human Services Department and contribute annually in the Board of Commissioners discernment of and review of established goals. Also, in 2018, Extension staff are contributing to the development of an urban platform for Extension across the state as well as supporting the Community Partnership Strategic goal established by the Office of Outreach & Engagement at NCSU.

The most recent alignment of goals from the Wake Board of Commissioners, the WCHS Strategic Plan and the Wake County Cooperative Extension Advisory Leadership system resulted in development of the following priority goals related to consumers, for Extension locally:
1. Work with stakeholders to identify strategies to provide interventions for at-risk school aged youth to disrupt the school-to prison pipeline.
2. Explore opportunities for education and job-training for detainees (those incarcerated or at risk of incarceration) through community partnerships.
3. Use data to develop economic, physical, behavioral, and environmental health strategies and baseline indicators at the individual, community and population level to track improvement in specific vulnerable regions of the County.
4. Continue to build and strengthen public-private partnerships, community collaborations, and policy changes that will improve the social and economic indicators affecting the quality of life of the residents in vulnerable communities in Wake County.
5. Implement the Vulnerable Communities Initiative in Southeast and Eastern Wake County Human Services Zones through a collaborative, neighborhood centered approach to include human capital development, health in all policies, economic development and social well-being strategies.
6. Based on evaluation, target Human Capital Development strategies in specific vulnerable communities in Wake County.
7. Develop and implement a comprehensive plan to identify and address issues related to hunger, food insecurity and food deserts in Wake County.
8. Assist Wake County's foster children in transitioning to successful independent living after leaving the foster care program.
9. Support building a "culture of health" based on the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation model for healthy communities.
7. Continue to promote volunteer and civic engagement opportunities for Wake County.
8. Maintain protection of watershed and stream buffers.
9. Promote conservation measures on farms and forest lands in current and potential water supply watersheds in Wake.
10. Preserve Farmland and Open Space.

In addition, Wake Cooperative Extension has a defined role to play related to Emergency Operations:

Pre-and mid-Event:
Wake's CED serves as a member of Wake's Emergency Operations Center. (EOC) The CED is classified as a "Phase III" responder. In other words, phase I is for minor or anticipatory activation, phase II activates emergency service heads, and phase III is "major catastrophe" where all EOC staff are activated.

Post event is where history has shown we are most needed by county government and the public-at-large. This includes: Food sanitation/safety both commercial and home, low resource non-English speakers who need assistance in emergency interpretation and post event services. Farmers who need assistance: example: re-setting tobacco where we worked with local Sheriff's Departments for inmate assistance. Our agriculture agent typically serves on the County Animal Response Team (CART) and due to our location, serves on the State Animal Response Team (SART). This coming year I must consider shifting thes responsibility from 4-H Agent to Agriculture Agent to serve on Shearon Harris Emergency Response Team.

IV. Diversity Plan

The Extension program in Wake County engages a broad array of individuals from various socio-economic levels, race and ethnic groups, faith communities and nationalities. We have programming efforts that are integrated with the Human Services Department of the County where many people of color and immigrant populations are typically over-represented. We engage in targeted efforts with our community health programs that target resources to populations with the highest disparities. These integrated efforts are most prevalent among our 4-H Youth Development and Family & Consumer Sciences Programs and apply to both youth and adult audiences. Specifically, the implementation of Juntos, Together for a Better Education, in partnership with the East Garner Magnet Middle and Garner High along with efforts to support these families in their community, Parrish Manor, has bolstered efforts to achieve greater success with Latino populations. Specific community gardening efforts have also been made a with new immigrant communities including a partnership with the El Amin School near NC State's campus.

In an era of outcome based program development and budget allocations, strategies are prioritized based on desired impacts. Thus, efforts related to agriculture, the environment and food safety often target groups of professionals rather than consumers for training and education. In Wake County, outside of farming, professionals in the green industry, engineering, restaurants, farmers markets, waste management, animal services tend to be very diverse groups. The Extension staff do support efforts to assist new producers and young farmer & rancher programs geared towards the recruitment of our next generation of farmers, including those for minority-owned small business development.

Moreover, Wake hosts a large and diverse Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program (EFNEP) which is targeted solely for families of low means. In concert with Wake County's Human Services Department and the WIC Program, EFNEP staff members present nutrition education programs for women, infants and children, in both English and Spanish. EFNEP programming is provided not only during the business day, but nights and weekends as well. This multi-pronged approach in multiple languages and multiple presentation times allows us to serve customers when they need us.

There is opportunity among our volunteer-led initiatives to focus additional recruitment and support for participation of diverse audiences. The addition of people of color serving in volunteer leadership positions is likely to enhance opportunities to reach a more diverse audience of youth or consumers as well. We will participate this year in statewide training and local discussion about Civil Rights requirements and areas where all reasonable efforts will be required to bring specific groups, including those advisory in nature up to speed.

V. Primary Delivery and Evaluation Methods

Delivering timely, relevant educational programs that meet critical local needs is the cornerstone of Extension’s mission. Extension educational programs are partnered with local communities to address the lives, land and economy in Wake County. An Extension program delivery system is a planned mix of educational methods or specific ways by which research-based information is shared with targeted learners. Extension educators in our county employ a wide variety of hands-on, experiential educational methods, such as interactive workshops and classes, demonstrations, field days and tours, other university web sites (CHASS), google docs, blogs, list-servs, YouTube, Twitter, Facebook and other social networking resources. This allows learners to be fully immersed in the learning process, test new knowledge and/or practice new skills during the educational sessions. Equally important, this plan will also include educational methods such as seminars, client visits, fact sheets, newsletters, and home study kits that serve to support and reinforce learning as well as provide motivation for continued learning. Armed with the most current literature on effective teaching and learning, Extension educators also skillfully select educational methods based on the learning style preferences and special needs of the targeted learners. These client-focused methods afford learners the opportunity to gain the necessary knowledge and skills to change their lives in meaningful ways. Often it is a challenge to be both data-driven and customer-focused. This is true in Extension, where traditional audiences have not changed their expectations and where State & Federal resources to address those needs have been significantly reduced. Extension does utilize a tier-based services pyramid, looking to effect change in an efficient way by deploying resources broadly and universally for education & awareness at the bottom of the pyramid and then investing additional dollars with more intensive, targeted and high yield efforts as one approaches the top of the pyramid of services.

In Extension, success is defined as the extent to which our educational programs have made a difference in the lives of the citizens of Wake County and have contributed to shared outcomes of the County and the Extension system. As an educational organization, we seek changes related to attainment of knowledge & skills, the application of those changes in individual behavior change and the resulting impact on population level outcomes at the community level. In this plan, we are using quantitative research methods such as retrospective testing, pre and post tests and/or surveys to measure change in knowledge gained, the application of that knowledge, number of new skills developed, and types of new skills developed. Extension, as a results-oriented organization, is committed to also assessing the social, economic and/or environmental impact that our programs have on the individuals who participate, their families and communities and ultimately the county as a whole (i.e. true significance of the changes stemming from our programs). We plan to measure these impacts in both the long and short-term and to establish shared measurement systems that establish collective impact for our urban area. In this annual plan we have outlined financial impact
, tracking progress of long term program participants towards indicators of success shared with collective impact initiatives as well as qualitative evaluation methods such as testimonials from program participants, and interviews and focus groups with participants.

VI. Membership of Advisory Leadership System

Horticulture- Master Gardener Advisory Committee (Myers)
Annette Byrd
Herb Siegel
Karen Kattman
Carla Carpenter
Rich Woynicz
Rieppe Hendrick
Robin Baumgart
Karen Lamar
Janhavi Panajkar
Noel Lichtin

FCS- Nutrition and Food Safety (Mitchell)
Christian Anatasiadis
Alyssa Barkley
John Braxton
Frances Breedlove
Terry Chappell
Jerry Coleman
Susan Grayson
Melissa Hamm
Mark Herman
Robert Herman
Dan Hurley
Tom Kaznowski
Thomas Jumalon
Kevin Lee
Joe Lumbrazo
Jessica Marehand
Lisa McCoy
Rnoard McFadden
Frank Olafson
Andre Pierce
Lionel Atinet
Missy Vatinet
John vick
Ashley Whittington
Bill Boyd
Arturo Marchand
James Castello
Jess Fowler
Paul Potter
David Prestrud
Jim Mallon
Jean-Paul Garnet
NCCE-Wake County Center- Leadership Advisory Council
Wanda Denning
David Pope
Joan Quinn
Ross Yeager
Paula Arrington
Jerry Dodson
Natalie Hunter
Daniel Dreyton
Linda Jones
Patricia Moye

Wake County 4-H Horse Council (Schaffer)
Mary MacDougal
Catherine Tipton
Jordan Lewey
Lissy Newton
Tam Hall
Beth Morgan
Danny Young
Caitlin Gooch
Andee Lane
Taylor Carmody
Rachel Smallwood
Scout Biggs
Mary Miller
Gilbike Yigit
Youth Thrive Board (Williams)
Hugh McLean
Betsey McFarland
Beth Nelson
Marchell Adams-David
Regina Petteway
Dr. Jocelyn Taliaferro
Chief Brandon Zuidema
Emily Baranello
Moni Singh
Justin Perkins
Nick Allen
Juan Collado
TJ Cawley
James Robinson
Angie Welsh
Ann Oshel
Lisa Humphreys

Shelia Reich
Sarah Carter
NC Watershed Stewardship Network (Woodward)
Paul Clark
Michelle Raquet
Joey Hester
George Matthis
Stuart Taylor
Eric Romaniszyn
Rebecca Sadosky
Tom Hoban
Lori Willard
Rebecca Sadosky
Heather Fisher
Jen Schmitz
Stacy Feken
Commercial Horticulture Program Committee (Myers)
Corey Conners
Jennifer Sanford Johnson
Brian Richardson
Margaret Jones
Carla Berryann
Trish MacPherson
SE Raleigh Innovation Challenge
Melanie Davis-Jones
Marchell Adams-David
Rev. Linwood Long
Demetrius Hunter
Kia Baker
Kirby Jones
Joe Battle

AHA Board of Directors
Sarah Martin
Ken Bowers
Stephany Connelly
Christine Craig
Bonner Gaylord
Brent Hazelett
Mary Health
Lisa Humphreys
John Johnstone
Mack Ochs
Mary Poole
Matt Smith
Sam Trogdon
Andrew Petesch
Erin White
Gideon Adams
Cindy Sink
Anya Gordon
Deron Tse
Caitlin Cohn
Jill Willett
Liz Crews
Sarah Spagnoli
Megg Rader

VII. Staff Membership

Katherine Williams
Title: County Extension Director
Phone: (919) 250-1109
Email: katherine_williams@wakegov.com

Ali Alfonso
Title: EFNEP Educator, Extension Program Assistant
Phone: (919) 250-1091
Email: aalfons@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Program Assistant for the Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program (EFNEP). Teaches nutrition education to limited resource youth and families in Wake County.

Charlenzo Belcher
Title: 4-H Program Specialist / SPACES
Phone: (919) 250-1100
Email: charlenzo_belcher@ncsu.edu

Lisa Benavente
Title: Regional Nutrition Extension Associate - Urban Programming, EFNEP & SNAP-Ed
Phone: (919) 515-3888
Email: lisa_benavente@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides programmatic supervision to the EFNEP program in Wake, Durham, and Orange Counties. Responsible for training new EFNEP educators and volunteer development.

Tex Bennett
Title: 4-H Program Specialist
Phone: (919) 250-1100
Email: tex_bennett@ncsu.edu

Daniel Campeau
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Poultry
Phone: (919) 542-8202
Email: dan_campeau@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Work mainly with Commercial Poultry industry. I also work with small scale poultry production. Service area is now the North Central District from Guilford to Halifax with the southern edge being Chatham and Wake county respectively.

Erin Eure
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Commercial Fruits & Vegetables
Phone: (252) 357-1400
Email: erin_eure@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides educational opportunities and technical support to commercial fruit and vegetable growers, agents, and industry in northeastern NC.

Allyson Farmer
Title: Extension Communication Specialist
Phone: (919) 250-1092
Email: allyson.farmer@wakegov.com

Kristin Feierabend
Title: Area Agent for Extension Urban Programs
Phone: (919) 250-1107
Email: kefeiera@ncsu.edu

Steve Gabel
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Aquaculture
Phone: (252) 482-6585
Email: steve_gabel@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Responsible for aquaculture educational programs for the NC NE extension district.

Gina Garcia-somuk
Title: Volunteer Coordinator
Email: Gina_Garcia-Somuk@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Gina is responsible for guiding the outreach and programming efforts of staff, via supervision of 4-H Regional Coaches in Wake County. In addition she administers the Volunteer and Internship system for 4-H WCCE.

Susan Gardner
Title: 4-H Program Assistant
Phone: (919) 250-3795
Email: Sue_Gardner@ncsu.edu

Marissa Herchler
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Animal Food Safety (FSMA Programs)
Phone: (919) 515-5396
Email: marissa_herchler@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marissa is an Area Specialized Agent for animal food safety, with emphasis on the new Food Safety Modernization Act rules, as they apply to feed mills in North Carolina. Please contact Marissa with any FSMA related questions, or PCQI training inquiries.

Lynette Johnston
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-0303
Email: lynette_johnston@ncsu.edu

Tangela Keaton
Title: Human Services Program Specialist
Phone: (919) 250-1100
Email: tangela_keaton@ncsu.edu

Danny Lauderdale
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Nursery and Greenhouse, Eastern Region
Phone: (252) 237-0111
Email: danny_lauderdale@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides programming to commercial ornamental nursery and greenhouse producers in eastern North Carolina.

Bill Lord
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Water Resources
Phone: (919) 496-3344
Email: william_lord@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Water quality education and technical assistance

Hiliana Lovejoy
Title: EFNEP Educator, Extension Program Assistant
Phone: (919) 250-1119
Email: hiliana_lovejoy@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Program Assistant for the Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program (EFNEP). Teaches the benefits of nutrition, food safety, and physical activity to limited resource families.

Andrew Meyer
Title: Project Management Consultant
Phone: (919) 250-3977
Email: Andrew_Meyer@ncsu.edu

Carol Mitchell
Title: Local Food Coordinator
Phone: (919) 250-1094
Email: carol_s_mitchell@ncsu.edu

Emily Mueller
Title: Extension Agent, Agriculture
Phone: (919) 250-1096
Email: emuelle@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Job Responsibilities include Field Crops and Livestock Production; Main interests are Integrated Insect and Disease Pest Management with Biological Agents; Entomology; Native Habitat Restoration; and Landscape Ecology

Jeana Myers
Title: Extension Agent, Agriculture - Horticulture
Phone: (919) 250-1113
Email: jeana_myers@ncsu.edu

Paula Norris
Title: EFNEP Educator, Extension Program Assistant
Phone: (919) 250-1119
Email: paula_norris@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Program Assistant for the Expanded Food and Nutrition Program (EFNEP). Teaches the benefits of nutrition, food, food safety and physical activity to limited resources families.

Heather Schaffer
Title: Program Manager
Phone: (919) 250-1093
Email: heather.schaffer@wakegov.com

Diane Schmidt
Title: Project Management Associate
Phone: (919) 212-9587
Email: Diane_Schmidt@ncsu.edu

Chip Simmons
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Food Safety
Phone: (919) 414-5632
Email: odsimmon@ncsu.edu

Martha Smith
Title: COSS Administrative Assistant
Phone: (919) 250-1015
Email: mbsmith@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Support Staff for Wake County Director

Debbie Stroud
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Consumer and Retail Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9149
Email: dlstroud@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Area Specialized Agents in Consumer and Retail Food Safety help to ensure that Family and Consumer Sciences (FCS) Agents have access to timely, evidence-based food safety information. This is accomplished by (1) working with FCS Agents in their counties, (2) developing food safety materials and (3) planning and implementing a NC Safe Plates Food Safety Info Center.

Ruth Sutherland
Title: Human Services Senior Practitioner
Phone: (919) 250-1100
Email: ruth_sutherland@ncsu.edu

Mitch Woodward
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Watersheds and Water Quality
Phone: (919) 250-1112
Email: mdwoodwa@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: NC Cooperative Extension's Goals include: - NC's natural resources and environmental quality will be protected, conserved and enhanced. - NC will have profitable, environmentally sustainable plant, animal and food systems. Protecting our environmental resources, particularly drinking water quality, is a top priority in NC. NC Cooperative Extension is a leader in teaching, researching, and accelerating the adoption of effective water quality protection practices.

VIII. Contact Information

Wake County Center
4001-E Carya Dr
Raleigh, NC 27610

Phone: (919) 250-1100
Fax: (919) 250-1097
URL: http://wake.ces.ncsu.edu