2019 Warren County Program Impact Report

Approved: January 31, 2020

I. Executive Summary

In 2019, the NC Cooperative Extension Service in Warren County planned, delivered and evaluated programs relevant to the needs of Warren County citizens. Programs were identified and prioritized by our Extension Advisory Leadership Council, the local Health Department with support from specialized committees that work with our Extension Team. Through the tireless efforts of our Extension team members, local community support, local businesses, non-profit organizations, government agencies, and the Warren County Commissioners great program accomplishments were achieved. Over 92 volunteers gave 1716 hours of their time that was valued at $43,638. In addition, there were 6,656 contacts made through face to face, telephone, email, and newsletters. Through the platform of local media, we reached over 273,954 with educational programs. All of these clients received the benefits of our Extension programs in Columbus County. Then entire staff worked to provide 97 meetings, training and educational workshops that allowed for informal educational opportunities for 21,156 youth and adults during 823 hours of instruction.

During Farm Week Integrated Program between EFNEP and ANR, Small Farms was implemented at a local elementary school where they celebrated for the entire month of November introducing students to local produce harvested during the fall season proved to be extremely educational. The students were able to learn different ways to prepare, serve and store the fruits and vegetables they were presented. Extension team members incorporated different physical activities associated with fruits and vegetables, such as the pumpkin race and Dodge Pepper provided a new appreciation for physical activity. Approximately 143 students graduated during the month of Farm Week with all the knowledge to increase fruit and vegetable consumption and physical activity.

In part due to a cost-share program available through the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service, there is great interest in high tunnels among Warren County farmers. These unheated greenhouses allow farmers to raise produce more efficiently and for a longer growing season, which can potentially lead to higher income. However, the process of selecting a high tunnel, erecting it and utilizing it effectively present significant challenges to those unfamiliar with them.
After receiving feedback from our Agricultural Advisory Committee, NC Cooperative Extension began planning a two-part event to provide farmers with the information they needed. Part one consisted of a live demonstration that illustrated the process of constructing a high tunnel, as well as classroom instruction on crop production and funding options. Part two consisted of a tour of three farms with operational high tunnels so that farmers could see first hand how they are managed. Approximately 30 people attended one or both portions of the program. Nearly 100 percent of the attendees reported that they had gained valuable new knowledge that would help them make better decisions. Approximately 25% indicated the intention to construct a high tunnel, potentially using funding through the USDA program mentioned above.

Another significant or unique highlight this year centered around a partnership between Warren County Government to purchase two agriculture implements to assist farmers in Warren County. A BCS Tractor and a no-till drill were purchased and are available for lease. Agriculture Extension Agents held demonstrations, farm-visits, and provided technical advice in working with new and aspiring farmers as well as tenure farmers. This is a saving to the agriculture community in travel, crop productions and resources.

Extension programs for Family and Consumer Sciences addressed several issues in 2019. However, Warren County continues to be one of the unhealthiest counties in North Carolina and the most pressing issues are centered-around obesity. Our Family and Consumer Science Agent (FCS) along with the Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program (EFNEP), 4-H Agent continues working to solve this problem. Childhood obesity continues to be a growing concern that can be addressed by children learning at an early age to eat more fruits and vegetables, and the importance of the physical activity. Cooperative Extension addressed this problem by using the Color Me Healthy program and providing opportunities for children to have a taste test after each lesson provided by the Steps to Health Program. Based on parent feedback forms and improvement in their child’s willingness to taste fruits and vegetables was observed. It was also observed there was an 87% increase in their child’s physical activity. Parents even noticed positive changes in their child's behavior regarding healthy eating. Teachers noticed an improvement in their willingness to eat fruits and vegetables as well. The impacts that this program provides will continue to be realized for years. However, in terms of adults, Warren County still has a love for southern style cook foods. According to statistics, 35% of adult residences in Warren County continue to be obese as well. The Warren County FCS Agent and EFNEP Educator continue to be active in the fight against adult obesity. Good Health continues to be a major concern for adults and Cooperative played a major role in helping to reduce obesity this year and hopefully for years to come.

The Warren County 4-H W.A.Y program has had an impactful year of servicing the youth of Warren County. Through the Warren County 4-H Teen Court program 4-H W.A.Y was able to train more than 25 youth volunteers in the areas of leadership, courtroom procedures and terminology, as well as life skills. These youth volunteers were also educated in effective communication, dressing for success, and public speaking. The Warren County 4-H Teen Court Program served over 20 referred youth who committed first-time juvenile offenses, and in doing so reduced referred youth’s chances of entering the juvenile court system, providing youth with the tools needed for conflict resolution, anger management, and effective communication. Literacy has been found as the underlying issues with students who are referred. As a result, Warren County Cooperative Extension received additional JCPC dollars ($10,000) to implement a literacy program through the use of LTE Chromebooks and literacy coaches.

Warren County's traditional 4-H program reached over 719 youth during the year. Students were reached through 4-H School Enrichment, 4-H Special Interest, and 4-H Clubs. This year, a new 4-H shooting sports club was established with a membership of 10 families. As of result of 4-H involvement, Warren County had two 4-H'ers inducted into NC 4-H Hall of Fame, District, and State 4-H presentation winners and two 4-H'ers selected to represent NC at the National Healthy Living Conference.

II. County Background

Situated along the major routes of Interstate 85 and the historic U.S. Hwy. 1, Warren County serves as a gateway to the Carolinas from the north. Warren County is approximately 50 miles north of Raleigh, 90 miles south of Richmond, and roughly three hours from either the Blue Ridge Mountains or the Atlantic Ocean. The county’s mild climate makes it an ideal destination, with four distinct and picturesque seasons.

Founded at the height of the American Revolution, Warren County is rich in historical tradition and Southern values. There are over 50 properties listed in the National Register of Historic Properties. Warren County has three incorporated municipalities, Warrenton, Norlina, and Macon, and many other small crossroad communities including Wise, Oine and Ridgeway. Formed from the division of what was previously Bute County in 1779, Warren County was named in the honor of Dr. Joseph Warren, a patriot who was killed at the Battle of Bunker Hill.

Horse racing at two tracks also attracted many to the area. Great horses, including Triple Crown winners, can trace their lineage to Sir Archie, who was trained and raced here at one of the first racetracks in the state in the early 1800s. Railroad expansion improved the ability for crops to be shipped to market, including timber and related materials, and brought further growth.

Today, Warren County is home to a strong timber industry with over 80% of the county in forestland. The agriculture industry is also very strong with 7,700 head of beef cattle, 32,000 hogs and pigs, 8,800 acres of soybeans, 1,230 acres of tobacco, small grains, and growing acreages of cotton. Cash receipts from agriculture are estimated at over $2.25 million by the North Carolina Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services.

Challenges that lay ahead include employment rate, median household income, and poverty rate that are above the state average. Home ownership is above average due to the county’s history as well as our rural country setting for retirement. Warren County has superior water resources, with Lake Gaston along the northeastern border, and Kerr Lake touching the northwest corner of the County. Warren County has a fairly static population, growing from 19,972 in 2000 to 20,972 in the 2010 Census. The population make up is 52.3% black, 38.8% white, 5.0% Native American, and 3.3% Hispanic or Latino.

The Warren County Cooperative Extension Service determines local programming priorities by participating in environmental scanning using focus groups and questionnaires. The results indicated addressing issues in promoting sustainable agriculture, enhancing agricultural profitability, increasing educational achievements, improving health and nutrition, and increasing economic opportunities.

Challenges will continue to exist due to today's economic climate. The Warren County Cooperative Extension Service is committed to delivering quality educational programs to the citizens of Warren County. We stand ready to address the needs and assist county government in meeting its mission of providing "leadership and support........ that seeks to enhance the quality of life for the people of Warren County".

III. Objectives to Address the Cooperative Extension Long Range Plan

Our family and consumer sciences programs improve the well-being of individuals, families, and communities.

Value* Outcome Description
85Number of adults increasing knowledge of life skills (such as goal setting, stress management, self-care and healthy relationships)
12Number of adults increasing their knowledge of community resources
49Number of parents and other caregivers of children increasing their knowledge of positive parenting practices (such as communication and discipline)
25Number of people gaining basic financial management knowledge and/or skills (such as; budgeting, record keeping, goal setting, writing goals, consumer decision-making)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
12Number of adults using effective life skills (such as goal setting, stress management, self-care and healthy relationships)
5Number of adults increasing their use of identified community resources
67Number of professionals using learned best practices with children/youth/adults/older adults
62Number of parents/other caregivers of children adopting positive parenting practices (such as communication and discipline)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Our plant production programs improve production, profitability, and sustainability of the agriculture sector.

Value* Outcome Description
147Number of producers who gain skills or knowledge to increase production for local markets.
5Number of producers who improve local food marketing skills or knowledge.
117Number of pesticide applicators receiving continuing education credits
28Number of pesticide credit hours provided
17682Number of crop (all plant systems) producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
2Number of Extension initiated and controlled county demonstration test sites
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
5Number of producers who diversified their marketing strategies into local markets (direct, intermediated/food service, institutional).
2Number of producers (and other members of the local food supply chain) who have increased revenue
2Number of new farms (beginning farmers) selling into local markets for local consumption (in this reporting period)
2Number of farms that made safety improvements following a CSF on-farm safety review
3Number of farmers, employees or family members adopting regular use of appropriate PPE following AgriSafe or Certified Safe Farm participation
2Number of participants that have adopted farm safety practices
1500Number of acres in conservation tillage or other Best Management Practice
200Number of crop (all plant systems) producers adopting best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
150Tons of feedstock delivered to processor
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Our animal production programs improve production, profitability, and sustainability of the agriculture sector.

Value* Outcome Description
3Number of producers who improve local food marketing skills or knowledge.
3Number of producers who gain skills or knowledge to increase production for local markets.
40Number of animal producers who increased knowledge of farm business management, business planning, financial management, marketing, or estate planning.
36Number of animal producers who learned how to develop a management plan (i.e. grazing plan, feeding plan, drought plan, business plan, disaster plan, etc.)
75Number of producers who increased knowledge of pasture/forage management practices (field improvement, herbicide management, grazing season extension, weed control, forage quality, haylage production, nitrate testing, etc.)
24Number of producers who increased knowledge of nutrition, ration balancing, mineral supplements, breeding, and reproduction
36Number of producers who increased knowledge of the strategies to promote animal health and welfare and reduce the potential for infectious diseases through proper use of vaccines, biosecurity, detection and identification of common diseases, appropriate use of animal medications, and mitigation of antimicrobial resistance transmission
35Number of producers who increased knowledge of how to prepare, mitigate, and recover from natural disasters impacting animal agriculture
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
2Number of producers who diversified their marketing strategies into local markets (direct, intermediated/food service, institutional).
2Number of new farms (beginning farmers) selling into local markets for local consumption (in this reporting period)
2Number of producers (and other members of the local food supply chain) who have increased revenue
1Number of farms that made safety improvements following a CSF on-farm safety review
2Number of participants that have adopted farm safety practices
2Number of farmers, employees or family members adopting regular use of appropriate PPE following AgriSafe or Certified Safe Farm participation
250Number of acres where Extension-recommended nutrient applications were used
47Number of producers who adopted Extension-recommended best management practices and production changes related to quality assurance (vaccinations, castration, culling techniques, etc.)
47Number of producers who adopted Extension-recommended best management practices and production changes related to genetic improvement (AI, heifer/bull selection)
5Number of producers who adopted Extension-recommended best management practices and production changes related to nutrition (mineral, feed rations)
24Number of producers who adopted Extension-recommended best management practices and production changes related to internal parasite management (fecals, deworming)
75Number of producers who adopted Extension-recommended best management practices related to pasture management
24Number of producers who adopted Extension-recommended best management practices and production changes related to nutrition, ration balancing, mineral supplement, breeding, and reproduction
1Number of waste utilization/waste management plans developed or updated
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Our community development programs build strong and thriving communities.

Value* Outcome Description
8Number of participants who developed new jobs skills
12Number of adult participants acquiring the skills needed to serve as a volunteer
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
3Number of local food value chain businesses created due to Extension’s programming or technical assistance
1500Dollar value of in-kind resources contributed by organizations or community
120Value of grants received by organizations, communities, or Extension where Extension was instrumental in initiating, facilitating, or providing technical assistant in the development of the grants to support community or economic development work
1Number of (eg., community and economic development, land use, disaster, etc.) new, revised or adopted plans that have begun to be implemented in communities, organizations, local governments, or businesses
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Our 4-H youth development programs grow the skills young people need to succeed in life and career.

Value* Outcome Description
8Number of teachers trained in 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum
64Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
33Total number of female participants in STEM program
62Number of youth (students) participating in 4-H dropout prevention (student at-risk) programs
30Number of high school age youth (students) participating as members of 4-H clubs
485Number of youth increasing knowledge of life skills
15Number of children/youth who improved knowledge of local food and agricultural systems.
123Number of youth increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
2Number of teachers using 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum in their classrooms
17Number of youth (students) gaining career / employability skills
33Number of youth using effective life skills
310Number of youth increasing their physical activity
2Number of youth volunteers serving in new or expanded roles within Extension
1Number of youth assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
702Number of youth increasing their fruit and vegetable consumption
48Number of youth who grow food in school gardens.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Our natural resource and environmental programs conserve our precious natural resources and maintain a clean and healthy environment.

Value* Outcome Description
84Number of participants willing to participate in conservation actions (such as rain gardens, wildlife management, conservation easements, land trusts, generational planning, etc.)
112Number of participants increasing their knowledge about best management practices (including storm water systems, septic system maintenance, erosion control, rain gardens, forestry, etc.)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
42Number of participants that adopted recommended agroecosystem adaption strategies for production agriculture or natural resource management, including for invasive species, pest management, pollutant loads, and wetlands.
2100Number of acres under recommended agroecosystem adaption strategies for production agriculture or natural resource management, including for invasive species, pest management, pollutant loads, and wetlands.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Our consumer horticulture programs teach families and communities about environmentally friendly methods for gardening and controlling pests.

Value* Outcome Description
17500Number of individuals who gain knowledge or acquire skills related to vegetable/fruit gardening
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
527Number of participants who use extension-recommended best management practices in landscapes, turf, and gardens, including pest (insect, weed, disease, wildlife) and soil management
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Our food safety and nutrition programs create a safer and more sustainable food supply and improve the health and nutrition of individuals, families, and our communities.

Value* Outcome Description
86Number of participants who increase their knowledge of safe home food handling, preservation, or preparation practices
124Number of food handlers who increase their knowledge and skills in safe food handling practices
15Number of individuals who learn how to prepare local foods, including through use of home food preservation techniques.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
445Number of adults increasing their fruit and vegetables consumption
110Number of participants increasing their physical activity
8Number of pounds of local food donated for consumption by vulnerable populations
89Number of participants who consume less sodium in their diet
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

IV. Number of Contacts Made by Extension

Type of ContactNumber
Face-to-face* 6,656
Non face-to-face** 316,543
Total by Extension staff in 2019 323,199
* Face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make directly with individuals through one-on-one visits, meetings, and other activities where staff members work directly with individuals.
** Non face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make indirectly with individuals by telephone, email, newsletters, news articles, radio, television, and other means.

V. Designated Grants Received by Extension

Type of GrantAmount
Contracts/Grants $102,282.00
Gifts/Donations $12,900.00
In-Kind Grants/Donations $9,480.00
United Way/Foundations $25,000.00
User Fees $1,500.00
Total $151,162.00

VI. Volunteer Involvement in Extension Programs

Number of Volunteers* Number of Volunteer Hours Known client contacts by volunteers Dollar Value at 25.43
4-H 60 808 105 $ 20,547.00
Advisory Leadership System 5 10 25 $ 254.00
Extension Master Gardener 19 850 0 $ 21,616.00
Other: Food & Nutrition 8 48 120 $ 1,221.00
Total: 92 1716 250 $ 43,638.00
* The number of volunteers reflects the overall number of volunteers for multiple events.

VII. Membership of Advisory Leadership System

County Advisory Leadership Council
William "Bill" Kearney
Hilda Baskerville
Aimee Anderson
Jereann King Johnson
Jeff Bender
Ernie Connor
Sylvia Fletcher
Gary Holtzman
Angela Hyson
Robert Alston
Ryan Whitson
Carolyn Cheek
Derrick Fogg
Vivian Paynter
Agriculture Program Committee
Kent Copley
Jimmy Harris
Gary Holtzmann
Victor Hunt
John Hyson
Amy Adcock
BJ Wright
Dominic Taranto
4-H Youth Development Program Committee
Dickie Williams
April Williams
Teresa Wimbrow
Chelsa Jennings
Mary Terry
Ernie Connor
Jennifer Jordan Pierce
Jennifer Harris
Angelena Kearney-Dunlap
Terry Alston Jones
Jerreann King Johnson
William Kearney
Travis Packer
Boys and Girls Club Representative
Odessa Perry
Desmond Miller
Aimee Anderson
Extension Master Gardener
Linda Sigmon
Linda Dean
Priscilla Johnson
BJ Wright
Rosetta Thorpe
Shelley deFosset
Patty Bugg
Local Food Promotion Council
William "Bill" Kearney
Alex Borst
Joe Mann
Juel Duke
Ryan Whitson
Stacy Woodhouse
Megan Shepardson
Walter Powell
Family and Consumer Science Program Committee
Derrick Fogg
Rhonda Mushaw
Catherine Flynn
Sylvia Fletcher
DeDe Clark
Small Farms Program Committee
Elizabeth McAuslan
Victor Hunt
Alex Borst
Julius Mann
Arneda Wilson

VIII. Staff Membership

Crystal Smith
Title: County Extension Director, Family and Consumer Sciences
Phone: (252) 257-3640
Email: crystal_smith@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Administration and Family and Consumer Sciences

Jonas Asbill
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Poultry
Phone: (336) 318-6000
Email: jonas_asbill@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Serving the poultry industry across 20 counties in the North Central and Northeast districts

Tawanica Bullock
Title: 4-H W.A.Y Program Assistant
Phone: (252) 257-3640
Email: tlbullo2@ncsu.edu

Marti Day
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Dairy
Phone: (919) 542-8202
Email: marti_day@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Responsible for educational programs for dairy farmers, youth with an interest in dairy projects and the general public with an interest in dairy foods and the dairy industry.

Erin Eure
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Commercial Fruits and Vegetables
Phone: (252) 357-1400
Email: erin_eure@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides educational opportunities and technical support to commercial fruit and vegetable growers, agents, and industry in northeastern NC.

Steve Gabel
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Aquaculture
Phone: (252) 482-6585
Email: steve_gabel@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Responsible for aquaculture educational programs for the NC NE extension district.

Marissa Herchler
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Animal Food Safety (FSMA Programs)
Phone: (919) 515-5396
Email: marissa_herchler@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marissa is an Area Specialized Agent for animal food safety, with emphasis on the new Food Safety Modernization Act rules, as they apply to feed mills in North Carolina. Please contact Marissa with any FSMA related questions, or PCQI training inquiries.

Peggie Lewis Joyce
Title: Area 4-H Agent - Central Region
Phone: (336) 242-2080
Email: peggie_lewis@ncsu.edu

Nitasha Kearney
Title: EFNEP Educator
Phone: (252) 438-8188
Email: ndkearney@ncat.edu

William Landis
Title: Extension Agent, Agriculture - Small Farms
Phone: (252) 257-3640
Email: wllandis@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Work with small and limited resource farmers to develop their enterprises making them more efficient and profitable.

Danny Lauderdale
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Ornamental Nursery and Greenhouse, Eastern Region
Phone: (252) 237-0111
Email: danny_lauderdale@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides programming to commercial ornamental nursery and greenhouse producers in eastern North Carolina.

Paul McKenzie
Title: Area Agent, Agriculture
Phone: (252) 438-8188
Email: paul_mckenzie@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provide programming in Forestry, Pesticide Education, Field Crops (Vance only), and Horticulture in Vance and Warren Counties.

Stephen Misenheimer
Title: Assistant Extension Agent, 4-H
Phone: (704) 984-2221
Email: scmisenh@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: 4-H Youth Development

Matthew Place
Title: Extension Agent - Livestock
Phone: (252) 257-3640
Email: mbplace@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Warren County Agriculture Agent

Ashley Robbins
Title: Area Specialized Agent - Dairy
Phone: (919) 542-8203
Email: ashley_robbins@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marti Day and I are the Area Specialized Dairy Agents - the county-based arm of the Cooperative Extension Dairy Team. We are out here in the counties to help you set and reach your farm, family and business goals. We have collaborative expertise in the areas of Waste Management, Udder Health, Cow Comfort, Nutrition and Forage Management with specialties in (Ashley)Reproduction, Records Management, Animal Health and (Marti)Alternative Markets, Organic Dairy, Grazing Management, and On-farm Processing. We hope to provide comprehensive educational programs for our farmers, consumers and youth for every county across the state. We are here for you by phone, email or text and look forward to working with you!

Chip Simmons
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Food Safety
Phone: (919) 414-5632
Email: odsimmon@ncsu.edu

Debbie Stroud
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Consumer and Retail Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9149
Email: dlstroud@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Area Specialized Agents in Consumer and Retail Food Safety help to ensure that Family and Consumer Sciences (FCS) Agents have access to timely, evidence-based food safety information. This is accomplished by (1) working with FCS Agents in their counties, (2) developing food safety materials and (3) planning and implementing a NC Safe Plates Food Safety Info Center.

Joy Taranto
Title: County Extension Administrative Assistant
Phone: (252) 257-3640
Email: jctarant@ncsu.edu

Mitch Woodward
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Watersheds and Water Quality
Phone: (919) 414-3873
Email: mdwoodwa@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: NC Cooperative Extension's Goals include: - NC's natural resources and environmental quality will be protected, conserved and enhanced. - NC will have profitable, environmentally sustainable plant, animal and food systems. Protecting our environmental resources, particularly drinking water quality, is a top priority in NC. NC Cooperative Extension is a leader in teaching, researching, and accelerating the adoption of effective water quality protection practices.

IX. Contact Information

Warren County Center
158 Rafters Ln
Warrenton, NC 27589

Phone: (252) 257-3640
Fax: (252) 257-5616
URL: http://warren.ces.ncsu.edu