2018 Warren County Program Impact Report

Approved: March 6, 2019

I. Executive Summary

Healthy Eating, Physical Activity, and Chronic Disease Reduction
Obesity, which seems to be the umbrella to many preventable chronic diseases remains one of the most significant epidemics, our country has faced, contributing to millions of preventable illness and billions of dollars in avoidable healthcare costs. Improving nutrition and increasing activity in early childhood could lead to adults making healthier choices which in turn leads to families eating healthier meals.

As an avenue mechanism to decrease obesity, North Carolina Cooperative Extension, Warren County planned and implemented home food preservation workshops to healthy eating by showing participants how to preserve foods that would otherwise be thrown away due to spoilage. This also gives participants ideas as to how they can increase their healthy eating habits by snacking on dehydrated fruits and vegetables instead of chips, candy, and other low nutrient snacks.

Through the Expanded Foods and Nutrition Education Program, 65 families enrolled in the program while 350 youth participated in the 4-H EFNEP program. Data indicates that 99% improved dietary intake, 97% practice daily physical activities, 94% practice better food resource management and 94% improved food safety.

Warren County Schools continues to collaborate in combatting obesity through healthy lifestyles initiatives. During 2018, collaboratively NC Cooperative Extension, Warren County implemented four different healthy initiatives: FoodCorps, Steps to Health, Investigating Health and Color Me Healthy. Overall, we served four elementary schools and reached approximately 900 students. The program was designed to implement eight or more hands-on lessons and a variety of taste tastings. As a result of the program, school administrators and educators indicated students increase in healthy food choices, i.e. vegetables and fruits.

As a result of implementing and evaluating Eat Smart, Move More, Take Control and Cooking Matters, 38 adults increased their fruits and vegetable intake, while 90% of the participants reported cooking food for dinner 5 days a week and 95% reported increasing knowledge on preparing healthier dishes.

Local Foods
Data from the USDA Census of Agriculture, as well as anecdotal reports from local farmers, shows that traditional agricultural enterprises such as tobacco and soybeans are becoming less profitable. Meanwhile, small farm enterprises such as agritourism and fruit production are increasing in Warren County, although these are typically new farmers with limited prior experience. These small farms can play a key role in preserving the County's agricultural economic capacity for the future, although their lack of experience is a major hindrance to success.

NC Cooperative Extension believes that there is an opportunity for our farmers to meet the food demand of consumers in Warren County (an $18 million fresh food market) and the surrounding region (a $2 billion market in Wake County alone). In 2018, Cooperative Extension carried out a comprehensive outreach and educational program to assist farmers and landowners in identifying implementing these opportunities. Our efforts included a farm tour, farm visits, social media outreach, informational newsletters and more. We also implemented a comprehensive promotional effort to raise awareness of the issues and to generate interest among consumers. Our promotional efforts included a premiering a film about innovative approaches, a Farm-City banquet celebrating local agriculture, "What's in Season" exhibits at the local farmers market, nutrition education highlighting healthy local vegetables, and "farm to fork" 4-H activities. Partners include Warren County Farm Bureau, Economic Development, AgCarolina Farm Credit, Working Landscapes and others.

These efforts directly reached approximately 400 people in 2018, including 71 producers who increased their knowledge of new crop and marketing opportunities. We also reached many others through indirect efforts such as radio appearances, news articles, newsletters, and social media outreach.

The cost of maintaining home gardens and landscapes can be reduced by using effective pest management strategies, efficient irrigation techniques, and choosing appropriate plants for conditions. These same practices can protect and enhance the value of home landscapes, as well as reduce the risk of environmental effects such as nutrient runoff/leaching, harm to beneficial insects and depletion of water resources (EPA reports that 30% of home water consumption is for outdoor use). Thus, Cooperative Extension's educational efforts in this area has great potential to protect and enhance the environment and provide economic benefits to the community.

NC Cooperative Extension conducts a comprehensive educational and outreach effort to educate gardeners in Warren County on best management practices. Efforts include workshops, newsletters, "tabling" at community venues, radio programs, news articles, social media and more. A key partner in this campaign is the Extension Master Gardener volunteer program. In 2018 these programs directly reached 280 people, with an additional 900 contacts through phone, email and other electronic means.

Counting only direct contacts, the impact on those who adopt best management practices is estimated at almost $17,000.

School to Career (Youth to Adult)
4-H School Enrichment programming efforts support the goals and objectives of Warren County Schools and the Haliwa-Saponi Tribal School. We trained and partnered with School Administrative/Educators and implemented the following curriculum (Investigating Health, Progressive Agriculture, Career Readiness and 4-H Future Leaders of Warren (4-H F.L.O.W) and reached an estimated 300 elementary students. While in a program, teachers indicated an improvement in student's attendance and behaviors.

4-H Summer Palooza consisted of 18 different educational sessions and reached 150 youth between the ages of 4 - 17. Additionally, the program partnered with Warren County Schools and Boys and Girls Club and offered Investigating Health and CATCH Kids a three-week camp. As a result, student better understands the importance of decision-making, setting goals, anti-bullying and the importance of making healthier food choices.

In 2015, NC Cooperative Extension, Warren County established the 4-H Summer Intern program. To date, 25 high school students have completed the program requirements (volunteered 30 or more) saving the county $18,517.50. As a result of the program and 15 of 25 students completed their senior project requirements and graduated high school.

Safety and Security of our Food and Farm Systems
As a result of NC, Safe Plate 7 participants completed the exam and 100% passed. Which allows establishments who served food to continue operating. For example, Warren County Senior Center, Nona’s Restaurant. Our agency as a workshop entitled “Cooking for Crowds” and 11 citizens increased their knowledge of the importance of food safety and how to prevent foodborne illness for crowds.

Volunteer Readiness
Through our partnership with the local schools in Warren and surrounding counties, the 4-H W.A.Y. program recruited 20 4-H youth volunteers to serve in our 4-H Teen Court program. The youth participated completed 8 hours of training to learn the policies, procedures, and responsibilities of the program. As a result, the youth were able to gain knowledge of the 4-H program, and the various roles within our legal system, as well as learn to assist their peers with conflict management and conflict resolution.

II. County Background

Situated along the major routes of Interstate 85 and the historic U.S. Hwy. 1, Warren County serves as a gateway to the Carolinas from the north. Warren County is approximately 50 miles north of Raleigh, 90 miles south of Richmond, and roughly three hours from either the Blue Ridge Mountains or the Atlantic Ocean. The county’s mild climate makes it an ideal destination, with four distinct and picturesque seasons.

Founded at the height of the American Revolution, Warren County is rich in historical tradition and Southern values. There are over 50 properties listed in the National Register of Historic Properties. Warren County has three incorporated municipalities, Warrenton, Norlina, and Macon, and many other small crossroad communities including Wise, Oine and Ridgeway. Formed from the division of what was previously Bute County in 1779, Warren County was named in the honor of Dr. Joseph Warren, a patriot who was killed at the Battle of Bunker Hill.

Horse racing at two tracks also attracted many to the area. Great horses, including Triple Crown winners, can trace their lineage to Sir Archie, who was trained and raced here at one of the first racetracks in the state in the early 1800s. Railroad expansion improved the ability for crops to be shipped to market, including timber and related materials, and brought further growth.

Today, Warren County is home to a strong timber industry with over 80% of the county in forestland. The agriculture industry is also very strong with 7,700 head of beef cattle, 32,000 hogs and pigs, 8,800 acres of soybeans, 1,230 acres of tobacco, small grains, and growing acreages of cotton. Cash receipts from agriculture are estimated at over $2.25 million by the North Carolina Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services.

Challenges that lay ahead include employment rate, median household income, and poverty rate that are above the state average. Home ownership is above average due to the county’s history as well as our rural country setting for retirement. Warren County has superior water resources, with Lake Gaston along the northeastern border, and Kerr Lake touching the northwest corner of the County. Warren County has a fairly static population, growing from 19,972 in 2000 to 20,972 in the 2010 Census. The population make up is 52.3% black, 38.8% white, 5.0% Native American, and 3.3% Hispanic or Latino.

The Warren County Cooperative Extension Service determines local programming priorities by participating in environmental scanning using focus groups and questionnaires. The results indicated addressing issues in promoting sustainable agriculture, enhancing agricultural profitability, increasing educational achievements, improving health and nutrition, and increasing economic opportunities.

Challenges will continue to exist due to today's economic climate. The Warren County Cooperative Extension Service is committed to delivering quality educational programs to the citizens of Warren County. We stand ready to address the needs and assist county government in meeting its mission of providing "leadership and support........ that seeks to enhance the quality of life for the people of Warren County".

III. Objectives to Address the Cooperative Extension Long Range Plan

Producers will increase sales of food locally to more agriculturally aware consumers through market development, producer and consumer education, and new farmer and infrastructure support.

Value* Outcome Description
122Number of producers who gain skills or knowledge to increase production for local markets.
323Number of adults (including producers, food business owners, etc.) who improved knowledge of local food and agricultural systems.
481Number of children/youth who improved knowledge of local food and agricultural systems.
42Number of producers who improve local food marketing skills or knowledge.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
2Number of new and existing access points for consumers that expand or improve their offering of local fruits and vegetables. Access points include farmers markets, retail stores, school food programs, community gardens, institutions other than schools (e.g. hospitals, universities, etc.), and other systems/access points not noted (e.g. restaurants, etc.).
14Number of producers selling their agricultural products to local markets (direct, intermediated/food service, institutional) for consumption in NC.
1Number of producers who diversified their marketing strategies into local markets (direct, intermediated/food service, institutional).
2Number of producers (and other members of the local food supply chain) who have increased revenue.
247Number of youth who grow food in school gardens.
4Number of individuals who begin home food production by starting a vegetable and/or fruit garden, and if also reporting under Urban and Consumer Horticulture Objective, divide up the reported number appropriately between the two objectives to avoid duplication.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

North Carolina's animal production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.

Agricultural producers, workers, food handlers and consumers will adopt safer food and agricultural production, handling, and distribution practices that reduce workplace and home injuries/illnesses, enhance food security, and increase the quality and safety of food that North Carolinians prepare and consume.

Value* Outcome Description
6Number of food service employees receiving ServSafe certification
19Number of participants trained in safe home food handling, preservation, or preparation practices
6TOTAL number of food handlers receiving food safety training and education in safe food handling practices (new required data for federal reporting)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
6Number of participants implementing ServSafe
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Youth and adults will address community issues and/or challenges through volunteerism.

Value* Outcome Description
2Number of adult participants acquiring the skills needed to serve as a volunteer
2Number of youth participants reporting aspirations to serve in new or expanded volunteer roles in community
20Number of hours adult volunteer training conducted
8Number of hours youth volunteer training conducted
12Number new volunteers recruited
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
335Increased number of hours contributed by trained youth volunteers
20Increased number of hours contributed by trained adult volunteers
1Number of youth volunteers serving in new or expanded roles within Extension
1Number of adult volunteers serving in new or expanded roles within Extension
9Number of youth volunteers recruiting and/or training new volunteers
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Futures that Work: School to Career Pathways

Value* Outcome Description
5Number of teachers trained in 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum
12Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
6Total number of female participants in STEM program
10Number of high school age youth (students) participating as members of 4-H clubs
9Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge of career/employability skills
9Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge of entrepreneurship
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
2Number of teachers using 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum in their classrooms
9Number of youth (students) gaining career / employability skills
5Number of youth (students) gaining entrepreneurship skills
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

North Carolinians will make decisions and adopt practices that implement effective resource protection and conservation.

Consumers and communities will enhance the value of plants, animals, and landscapes while conserving valuable natural resources and protecting the environment.

Value* Outcome Description
375Number of participants improving knowledge, attitude, skills and aspirations regarding gardening and landscape practices including plant selection and placement, turfgrass management, soil management, growing food, water conservation and water quality preservation, storm water and erosion management, green waste management, pest and wildlife management
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
280Number of participants who use extension-recommended best management practices in landscapes, turf, and gardens, including pest (insect, weed, disease) management, fertility management, water conservation, water quality preservation and pruning techniques
17000Total cost savings from the use of extension-recommended best management practices in landscapes, turf, and gardens, including pest (insect, weed, disease) management, fertility management, water conservation, water quality preservation and pruning techniques
280Number of participants implementing extension-recommended practices to conserve water use and protect water qualtiy
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Youth and adult program participants will make healthy food choices, achieve the recommended amount of physical activity and reduce risk factors for chronic diseases.

Value* Impact Description
90Number of adults increasing their fruit and vegetables consumption
590Number of youth increasing their fruit and vegetable consumption
177Number of participants increasing their physical activity
15Number of participants who consume less sodium in their diet
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

IV. Number of Contacts Made by Extension

Type of ContactNumber
Face-to-face* 7,649
Non face-to-face** 19,729
Total by Extension staff in 2018 27,378
* Face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make directly with individuals through one-on-one visits, meetings, and other activities where staff members work directly with individuals.
** Non face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make indirectly with individuals by telephone, email, newsletters, news articles, radio, television, and other means.

V. Designated Grants Received by Extension

Type of GrantAmount
Contracts/Grants $86,410.00
Gifts/Donations $12,041.31
In-Kind Grants/Donations $10,773.00
United Way/Foundations $0.00
User Fees $240.00
Total $109,464.31

VI. Volunteer Involvement in Extension Programs

Number of Volunteers* Number of Volunteer Hours Known client contacts by volunteers Dollar Value at 25.43
4-H: 0 0 0 $ 0.00
Advisory Leadership System: 5 105 0 $ 2,670.00
Extension Community Association: 0 0 0 $ 0.00
Extension Master Gardener: 12 845 0 $ 21,488.00
Other: 50 182 187 $ 4,628.00
Total: 67 1132 187 $ 28,787.00
* The number of volunteers reflects the overall number of volunteers for multiple events.

VII. Membership of Advisory Leadership System

County Advisory Leadership Council
William Kearney
Hilda Baskerville
Linette Crews
Jereann King Johnson
Jeff Bender
Ernie Connor
Sylvia Fletcher
Steve Young
Larry West
Angela Hyson
Robert Alston
Ryan Whitson
Odessa Perry
Derrick Fogg
Agriculture Program Committee
Kent Copley
Jimmy Harris
Gary Holtzmann
Victor Hunt
John Hyson
Amy Mustian
BJ Wright
4-H Youth Development Program Committee
Dickie Williams
April Williams
Teresa Wimbrow
Chelsa Jennings
Mary Terry
Ernie Connor
Jennifer Jordan-Pierce
Jennifer Harris
Angelena Kearney-Dunlap
Terry Alston Jones
Jerreann King Johnson
Debbie Scott
William Kearney
Travis Packer
Boys and Girls Club Representative
Rachel Earnhardt
Odessa Perry
Derrick Fogg
Desmond Miller
Extension Master Gardener
Priscilla Johnson
Eileen Novak
BJ Wright
Linda Dean
Rose Thorpe
Linda Sigmon
Local Food Promotion Council
Bill Kearney
Alex Borst
Christina Wells
Gini Knight
Hilda Baskerville
Joe Mann
Juel Duke
Ryan Whitson
Family and Consumer Science Program Committee
Jamaica Whitaker
Derrick Fogg
Brian Biles
Rhonda Mushaw
Catherine Flynn
Sylvia Fletcher
Carmela Hargrove
DeDe Clark
Small Farms Program Committee
Elizabeth McAuslan
Victor Hunt
Alex Borst
Julius Mann
Arneda Wilson

VIII. Staff Membership

Crystal Smith
Title: County Extension Director, Family and Consumer Sciences
Phone: (252) 257-3640
Email: crystal_smith@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Administration and Family and Consumer Sciences

Tawanica Bullock
Title: 4-H Program Assistant
Phone: (252) 257-3640
Email: tlbullo2@ncsu.edu

Daniel Campeau
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Poultry
Phone: (919) 542-8202
Email: dan_campeau@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Work mainly with Commercial Poultry industry. I also work with small scale poultry production. Service area is now the North Central District from Guilford to Halifax with the southern edge being Chatham and Wake county respectively.

Erin Eure
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Commercial Fruits and Vegetables
Phone: (252) 357-1400
Email: erin_eure@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides educational opportunities and technical support to commercial fruit and vegetable growers, agents, and industry in northeastern NC.

Steve Gabel
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Aquaculture
Phone: (252) 482-6585
Email: steve_gabel@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Responsible for aquaculture educational programs for the NC NE extension district.

Marissa Herchler
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Animal Food Safety (FSMA Programs)
Phone: (919) 515-5396
Email: marissa_herchler@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marissa is an Area Specialized Agent for animal food safety, with emphasis on the new Food Safety Modernization Act rules, as they apply to feed mills in North Carolina. Please contact Marissa with any FSMA related questions, or PCQI training inquiries.

Lynette Johnston
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-0303
Email: lynette_johnston@ncsu.edu

Peggie Lewis Joyce
Title: Area 4-H Agent - Central Region
Phone: (336) 242-2080
Email: peggie_lewis@ncsu.edu

Nitasha Kearney
Title: EFNEP Educator
Phone: (252) 438-8188
Email: ndkearney@ncat.edu

William Landis
Title: Extension Agent, Agriculture - Small Farms
Phone: (252) 257-3640
Email: wllandis@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Work with small and limited resource farmers to develop their enterprises making them more efficient and profitable.

Danny Lauderdale
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Nursery and Greenhouse, Eastern Region
Phone: (252) 237-0111
Email: danny_lauderdale@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides programming to commercial ornamental nursery and greenhouse producers in eastern North Carolina.

Bill Lord
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Water Resources
Phone: (919) 496-3344
Email: william_lord@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Water quality education and technical assistance

Paul McKenzie
Title: Area Agent, Agriculture
Phone: (252) 438-8188
Email: paul_mckenzie@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provide programming in Forestry, Pesticide Education, Field Crops (Vance only), and Horticulture in Vance and Warren Counties.

Matthew Place
Title: Extension Agent - Livestock
Phone: (252) 257-3640
Email: mbplace@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Warren County Agriculture Agent

Chip Simmons
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Food Safety
Phone: (919) 414-5632
Email: odsimmon@ncsu.edu

Debbie Stroud
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Consumer and Retail Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9149
Email: dlstroud@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Area Specialized Agents in Consumer and Retail Food Safety help to ensure that Family and Consumer Sciences (FCS) Agents have access to timely, evidence-based food safety information. This is accomplished by (1) working with FCS Agents in their counties, (2) developing food safety materials and (3) planning and implementing a NC Safe Plates Food Safety Info Center.

Joy Taranto
Title: County Extension Administrative Assistant
Phone: (252) 257-3640
Email: jctarant@ncsu.edu

Mitch Woodward
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Watersheds and Water Quality
Phone: (919) 250-1112
Email: mdwoodwa@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: NC Cooperative Extension's Goals include: - NC's natural resources and environmental quality will be protected, conserved and enhanced. - NC will have profitable, environmentally sustainable plant, animal and food systems. Protecting our environmental resources, particularly drinking water quality, is a top priority in NC. NC Cooperative Extension is a leader in teaching, researching, and accelerating the adoption of effective water quality protection practices.

IX. Contact Information

Warren County Center
158 Rafters Ln
Warrenton, NC 27589

Phone: (252) 257-3640
Fax: (252) 257-5616
URL: http://warren.ces.ncsu.edu