2017 Wayne County Program Impact Report

Approved: February 19, 2018

I. Executive Summary

Cooperative Extension in Wayne County is a cooperative agreement between the federal, state and local governments. Wayne County Cooperative Extension has a staff of 30 which includes 6 North Carolina State University field faculty, 4 support staff, 8 full time and part time positions funded by grants and user fees and an additional 12 part time employees in the 4-H after school programs also funded by grants and user fees. The Extension staff works as a team using resources from the two land grant university to address the diverse needs of county citizens.

Wayne County Cooperative Extension is supported by local government which helps Extension provide educational programs in the areas of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Family and Consumer Sciences and 4-H and Youth Development. The current county budget is in excess of $600 thousand. Extension was also supported through grant funds and user fees in excess of $300 thousand during 2017. The Wayne County Extension Team is able to address needs which contribute to the quality of life of county citizens.

Extension focused its educational programs in 2017 towards improving lives of our citizens. With help from Extension’s specialized committees and the Extension Advisory Council, educational programs were developed and delivered, but not limited to, the following five areas:

Sustaining Agriculture and Forestry
Protecting the Environment
Maintaining Viable Communities
Developing Responsible Youth
Developing Strong, Healthy and Safe Families

Extension uses numerous delivery modes to provide educational programs and opportunities to the citizens throughout the county. During 2017, Wayne County Extension conducted 253 educational workshops with 15,357 participants. Wayne County Extension had 47,932 face-to-face contacts and another 119,221 non face-to-face contacts. Other delivery modes include 146 newspaper articles published, 52 radio programs and 24 television programs.

Wayne County Cooperative Extension partnered with Farm Bureau and the six local FFA chapters to hold "We Dig It Ag Days" to educate local youth about where their food comes from. Wayne County public schools were involved and all 2nd graders were given a field trip to a local farm for the educational event. Individual stations were set up to educate the youth on different aspects of agriculture. High School students involved in FFA provided the training to the 1,500 2nd graders

Wayne County 4-H collaborated with a The Exchange Club of Goldsboro to conduct a shadowing program where 43 high school students experienced a day with a professional in a career of their choice. Youth participating are selected from the six surrounding high schools in Wayne County and from the Wayne County 4-H program. Youth are then paired with adults in their chosen profession. After students observe the adults in the occupation, they are provided lunch, hear from a guest speaker, and return to school. All students participate in an essay contest in which the essays are judged and awarded a monetary reward and plaque. According to previous participants, the Wayne County job shadowing program has left permanent imprints on their lives and will help them greatly in making career choices.

Wayne County Cooperative Extension and Wayne County Extension Master Gardener Volunteers collaborated to hold an annual Spring Garden Festival and Plant Sale. The event allows local gardeners to learn more about gardening ask their gardening questions and purchase plants from Extension Master Gardener Volunteers. Educational displays for this year's event included 1) selecting the right grass for a lawn; 2) growing herbs, 3) soil testing, 4) healthy recipes using vegetables from the garden and 5) honeybees. Extension Master Gardener Volunteers and Horticulture Extension Agent were on hand to answer questions and share extension publications. 350 people attended the 3 hour event, which was a 60% increase from last year's attendance. According to the survey, 65% stated they gained gardening knowledge or skills at the festival that they would be implementing in their own gardens. The event not only allowed local residents to learn more about gardening it also allowed the Wayne County Extension Master Gardener Volunteers to raise over $3,500 in plant sales. Proceeds from the plant sales will be beneficial in maintaining local extension gardening programs that the Extension Master Gardener Volunteers assisted.

180 tobacco growers and industry representatives attended a Tobacco Production/GAP Training where certification requirements were met for the 2017 growing season.

In 2017, 20 Wayne County Extension Master Gardener Volunteers volunteered 2,401 hours and reached 1,713 people. Their hours volunteered is equivalent to $57,960.

Wayne County Extension held a Landscape & Turf Pro Day in October. Over 60 people attended the workshop to earn up to five landscape contractor credits and three pesticide credits.

Wayne County Cooperative Extension along with NC State University specialists and Monsanto Company are conducting research to evaluate off-target movement of a synthetic auxin herbicide. The research is being conducted in Mt. Olive and the results will help farmers maintain more tools for pigweed control in soybeans and cotton.

Wayne County 4-H held 33 summer camps with over 200 youth participating with the assistance of 32 Jr. Leaders.

269 people received re-certification credits in the areas of pesticide education and soil fumigation

Wayne County 4-H'ers did a great job at the 2017 Southeast District Activity Day on June 16. There were a total of 11 gold winners, 2 silver, 1 participant, 7 cloverbuds and 1 (4-H) Entertains participant. Also attending DAD to observe were 17 parents and volunteers.

97 children and 10 adults completed the 9 week program. Pre-K and Kindergarten students learned about healthy choices and physical activity. Parents received weekly recipes and handouts.

2017 Bee School was held for five Saturdays at the beginning of the year for people interested in becoming beekeepers or wanting to learn more about honeybees. There were 21 who passed the written portion and will later complete the practical portion to become a NC Certified Beekeeper.

43 seniors from the Mt. Olive Senior Center and Wayne County Services on Aging completed the 8 sessions Better Choices Program. The content of this program focuses on the health benefits for the older adult of consuming a diet that contains a variety of fruits and vegetables; choosing, storing, and preparing fruits and vegetables; money-saving strategies; and the importance of physical activity.

II. County Background

Wayne County's population estimate in 2015 was 124,132. The county has a good mix of urban and rural farming communities. Agriculture and Agribusiness is the largest industry in the county valued at $1.04 billion. Goldsboro is the home of Seymour Johnson Air Force Base which is 2nd largest economic engine behind agriculture. Competition for land between urban development and farming will put additional pressure on the rural farming community. To protect farmland, Wayne County has adopted a Volunteer Agriculture District Ordinance and presently has over 13,000 acres committed to the program. In September 2005, Farm Futures Magazine recognized Wayne County as the fifth best place in the country to farm. The ranking was based on the Census of Agriculture’s data from 1987 through 2002 and took into account net profits per farm, sales growth, asset growth and profit growth. Farm land represents 48% of Wayne County’s total land and with the addition of forestry makes up 71% of the land. According to the USDA Statistics, Wayne County is the 4th largest agricultural county in the state in farm gate receipts at $495 million. Farming and agribusiness represents 20.7% of the county’s employment and 22.4% of the county’s income. The county conducted a Farm Land Preservation survey involving farmers, agribusiness and non-farm audiences to determine the challenges, opportunities and trends in agriculture. Ten recommendations were identified and presented to the county commissioners for their consideration for action in 2010.

Overweight and obesity pose significant health issues for both children and adults in Wayne County. 72% of adult residences are overweight or obese. 30% of adults report being physically inactive in a typical week and Wayne County is ranked: 79th in Heath Behaviors; 64th in Health Outcomes amongst North Carolina’s 100 counties. Excess weight is not only a risk factor for several serious conditions, but also worsens existing conditions. Leading causes of death in Wayne County continue to be Heart Disease, Cancer, Cerebrovascular Disease, Chronic lower respiratory diseases and Diabetes.

A number of these leading causes are more prevalent in minority populations thus creating wider health disparity. The death rate for diabetes among minorities is more than twice the rate for Whites. African Americans also die from heart disease at a rate 30% higher on average than Whites. Due to these health disparities a focus on Minority Health will continue with emphasis on working with the faith community.

Youth ages 5-19 make up over 20% of the county’s population. Issues facing youth in the county include obesity, health, teen pregnancy and the number of youth placed in youth development centers. The United Way’s community needs assessment identified that 88% of survey respondents’ recognized teen pregnancy as a critical or important issue. Students in Wayne County Public Schools are improving End-of Grade test scores, but lag behind the state average in high school cohort graduation rate. Over 80% of school age children have both parents in the work force, increasing the demand of quality school age care. Research has showed that youth involved in quality school age programs perform better in school and adapt better socially.

The Wayne County Hispanic/Latino population has increased to represent an estimated 10.4 percent of the county’s population. Latino child poverty grew dramatically in North Carolina from 28.4 percent in 2000 to 44 percent in 2011. Latino unemployment decreased from 13.6 percent in 2009 to 8.2 in 2012. In 2012 Wayne County ranked 14th in the state for pregnancies to Hispanic teens. The 2011-2012 drop out rate in North Carolina for Hispanic students is 3.88%. Outreach opportunities for the Latino population may improve parenting practices, increase the high school graduation rate, improve academic performance and reduce the number of Latino teen pregnancies in Wayne County.

The NC Cooperative Extension staff in Wayne County conducted a county wide issues survey to enable citizens to provide input into Extension’s educational programs. Over 580 citizens responded to the survey that ranked issues from not significant to very significant. With help from the Wayne County Extension Advisory Council, the top five educational emphases for Extension programs included: Farmland Profitability & Preservation; Youth Development; Health, Nutrition, & Food Safety; Environmental Stewardship; and Volunteerism.

III. Objectives to Address the Cooperative Extension Long Range Plan

North Carolina's plant production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.
North Carolina's agricultural crops industry makes major contributions to local communities and the state’s economy. In 2014, the estimated farm gate value of crops was $4.72 billion, placing NC as the 17th largest in the nation. North Carolina is one of the most diversified agriculture states in the nation. The state's 50,200 farmers grow over 80 different commodities, utilizing 8.4 million of the state's 31 million acres to furnish consumers a dependable and affordable supply of food and fiber. Tobacco remains one of the state's most predominant farm commodities. North Carolina produces more tobacco and sweet potatoes than any other state and ranks second in Christmas tree cash receipts. The state also produces a significant amount of cucumbers for pickles, lima beans, turnip greens, collard greens, mustard greens, strawberries, bell peppers, blueberries, chili peppers, fresh market cucumbers, snap beans, cabbage, eggplant, watermelons, pecans, peaches, squash, apples, sweet corn, tomatoes, and grapes. There is continual technological change and the relative profitability of individual farm enterprises changes over time; therefore, farmers must respond by modifying their farming operations. Changes in consumer demand create new opportunities for producers. Growth in alternative forms of agriculture will include, among others, organic and niche market production. Educational and training programs for producers of plant agricultural products and services will enhance their ability to achieve financial and lifestyle goals and to enhance economic development locally, regionally and statewide.
Value* Outcome Description
130Number of crop (all plant systems) producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
8Number of Extension initiated and controlled County demonstration test sites (new required for GLF/PSI reporting)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
305Number of crop (all plant systems) producers adopting best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
2100500Net income gains realized by the adoption of best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
360Number of producers reporting increased dollar returns per acre or reduced costs per acre
202Number of producers reporting reduction in fertilizer used per acre
15200Number of acres in conservation tillage or other Best Management Practice
5Number of producers who adopted a dedicated bioenergy crop
300Number of acres planted to a dedicated bioenergy crop
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
North Carolina's animal production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.
North Carolina's livestock industry makes major contributions to local communities and the state’s economy. In 2014, the estimated farm gate value of livestock, dairy, and poultry was $8.85 billion, placing NC as the 7th largest in the nation. Hogs & pigs have historically been an important part of North Carolina agriculture. The industry has changed dramatically since the 1980s from the small farm raising a few hogs to large confinement type operations. North Carolina's number of cattle & calves on farms has remained relatively stable throughout time. Milk cow inventory and milk production have continued to decline in the state. Unlike other commodities, broiler production in North Carolina is increasing throughout the state. There is continual technological change and the relative profitability of individual farm enterprises changes over time; therefore, farmers must respond by modifying their farming operations. Changes in consumer demand create new opportunities for producers. Growth in alternative forms of agriculture will include, among others, organic, niche market production, and pasture-raised livestock. Educational and training programs for producers of animal agricultural products and services will enhance their ability to achieve financial and lifestyle goals and to enhance economic development locally, regionally and statewide.
Value* Outcome Description
322Number of animal producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
159Number of animal producers adopting Extension-recommended best management practices, including those practices related to husbandry, improved planning, marketing, and financial practices
2800Net income gains by producers adopting Extension-recommended best management practices, including those practices related to husbandry, improved planning, marketing, and financial practices
32Number of animal producers implementing Extension-recommended best management practices for animal waste management
700Tons of livestock organic by-products utilized (nutrients from waste, compost, etc)
45500Net income gain by using livestock organic by-products instead of synthetic fertilizers
146Number of waste management certifications gained or maintained due to Extension education efforts
2450Number of acres where Extension-recommended waste analysis was used for proper land application
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Producers will increase sales of food locally to more agriculturally aware consumers through market development, producer and consumer education, and new farmer and infrastructure support.
Farmers will increase their capacity to supply product for local food sales through market planning efforts, producer and consumer education, beginning farmer training programs and local market infrastructure development. The fastest growing area of consumer demand in agriculture continues to be organic. Farmers' markets continue to expand as do multiple efforts in local sustainable agriculture. Nationally, "Buy Local, Buy Fresh" movements have emerged in the face of concerns about the risks involved in long distance transportation of industrialized food production. Increasingly, public officials and business leaders see promotion of local farm products as good public policy and local economic development. Additionally, individuals will learn to supplement their current diet by growing their own fruits and vegetables as individuals or as community groups.
Value* Outcome Description
46Number of producers who gain skills or knowledge to increase production for local markets.
46Number of producers who improve local food marketing skills or knowledge.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
46Number of producers who diversified their marketing strategies into local markets (direct, intermediated/food service, institutional).
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Agricultural producers, workers, food handlers and consumers will adopt safer food and agricultural production, handling, and distribution practices that reduce workplace and home injuries/illnesses, enhance food security, and increase the quality and safety of food that North Carolinians prepare and consume.
Training and educational programs for farmers, agricultural workers, food handlers, and consumers will provide research-based programming, materials, information and expertise to compel these individuals to implement practices relating to the overall safety and security for the food supply and farming systems. Components of this include on-farm, packinghouse, and transportation management, retail and food service establishments, and consumer’s homes. Therefore targeted audiences include farmers and agricultural workers and their families, food handlers and workers (both amateur and commercial), transporters, processors, business operators, food service and retail staff, supervisors of any food facility, long term care facility staff and individuals who purchase, prepare and serve food in their homes. With an estimated 76 million foodborne illnesses annually, costing an estimated $1.4 trillion, food safety highlights a specific area of risk to be addressed by Cooperative Extension. The recent produce-related foodborne illness outbreaks have brought public attention to a problem that has been increasing nationally for the last ten years. The issues of foodborne illness and food safety pose immediate risks for farmers affecting the areas of economics, consumer demand, and market access. Because no processing or kill steps are involved with produce that is typically eaten raw, the best measures to limit microorganisms and fresh produce related illness are to prevent microbes from contaminating the product. Practices like Good Agricultural Practices (GAPs), Good Handling Practices (GHPs), and Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points (HACCP) represent a systematic preventive approach to food safety, protecting agricultural products as they move from farm to retail and restaurants and finally to families. While there is currently no legal requirements for growers to implement GAPs, buyers have responded to the public concern by requiring their produce growers to adhere to current guidelines and possibly even require GAPs certification. The main areas of concern incorporate production, harvesting, packing, and transporting produce in the areas of water quality, manure management, domestic and wildlife management, worker health and hygiene, transportation, traceability, and documentation. For North Carolina growers to be competitive and produce safe product, it is important that they gain knowledge about and implement food safety programs that minimize physical, chemical and biological hazards Food safety risks do not stop at primary production. As risks associated with pathogens can occur at many junctions between primary production and consumption, food safety is a truly farm-to-fork issue. The World Health Organization and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have defined 5 factors that lead to foodborne illness outbreaks: Inadequate cooking or processing procedures; improper storage and holding temperatures, cross-contamination between potentially contaminated raw materials and ready-to-eat foods (either directly or through poor sanitation); and poor implementation of personal hygiene practices. The preventative steps targeting risk reduction taken at each of the components making up the food supply chain are critical in preventing food-borne illness. Educational programs including ServSAFE, School HACCP workshops, food safety at childcare and senior centers, and targeted farm-to-fork food safety inclusion for all food handlers is necessary for important for advances in knowledge and implementation of preventative programs. Equally important is that families and children have a secure food supply. Hunger in American households has risen by 43 percent over the last five years, according to an analysis of US Department of Agriculture (USDA) data released in the report "Household Food Security in the United States, 2004." The analysis, completed by the Center on Hunger and Poverty at Brandeis University, shows that more than 7 million people have joined the ranks of the hungry since 1999. The USDA report says that 38.2 million Americans live in households that suffer directly from hunger and food insecurity, including nearly 14 million children. That figure is up from 31 million Americans in 1999. Limited-resource, socially disadvantaged and food-insecure individuals, families and communities will be provided with information and opportunities to enhance household food, diet and nutritional security. Agriculture is one of the most hazardous industries in the United States, and consistently ranks as the first, second or third most deadly industry along with mining and construction. Agriculture is unique in that the work and home place are often the same, exposing both workers and family members to hazards. In the United States on average each year, there are 700 deaths and 140,000 injuries to those who work in agriculture, defined as farming, forestry and fishing. Farmers, farmworkers and their families are at high risk for fatal and nonfatal injuries (primarily from tractor roll-overs, machinery entanglements, and animal handling incidents), musculo-skeletal conditions, work-related lung diseases, noise-induced hearing loss, heat stress and heat stroke, pesticide exposure and illness, skin diseases, behavioral health issues, and certain cancers associated with chemical use and prolonged sun exposure. The health and safety of migrant and seasonal farmworkers are complicated by other conditions such as infectious disease, hypertension, and diabetes, as well as cultural and language barriers. Farmers and farmworkers alike are subject to lack of access to health care. Agricultural injury and illness are costly, with total US annual costs reaching $4.5 billion and per farm costs equaling $2,500, or 15% of net income. Median health care coverage for farm families is $6,000 per year. In North Carolina, 27% of farm families do not have health insurance, while 29% of farmers do not have health insurance. Many others have health care coverage with high annual deductibles and high premiums. Agromedicine is a comprehensive, collaborative approach involving both agricultural and health scientists to develop solutions addressing the health and safety issues of the agricultural community through research, education and outreach. The North Carolina Agromedicine Institute, a partnership of NC State University, NC A&T State University and East Carolina University in collaboration with others, develops and evaluates effective programs to reduce injury and illness in agriculture, forestry and fishing. One such program is called Certified Safe Farm (CSF) and AgriSafe. CSF and AgriSafe were first developed and researched in Iowa. CSF and AgriSafe are being adapted to North Carolina agriculture by the NC Agromedicine Institute and its Cooperative Extension collaborators. Certified Safe Farm combines AgriSafe health services (wellness and occupational health screenings and personal protection equipment selection and fit services) conducted by trained AgriSafe health providers, on-farm safety reviews conducted by trained Extension agents, and community education and outreach to achieve safety and health goals established by participating farmers and their employees and families. Insurance incentives and safety equipment cost-share programs for participating farmers are still being developed. Other ongoing educational programs addressing agricultural health and safety include farm safety days for children, youth, or families, employee hands-on farm safety training, the National Safe Tractor and Machinery Operation Program for youth, and youth ATV operator safety certification programs.
Value* Outcome Description
5Number of commercial/public operators trained
1Number of pesticide application credit hours provided
145Number of persons certified in Pork Quality Assurance (PQA) or Beef Quality Assurance (BQA)
5Number of participants trained in safe home food handling, preservation, or preparation practices
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
2Number of eligible participants enrolled in Food Stamp program
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Individuals and groups will acquire leadership and decision making capacities needed to guide and actively participate in local and state organizations.
Leadership is important to every level of a community sharing in the creation of wealth and well-being. Youth and adult leaders must be capable of motivating groups to achieve common goals that impact North Carolina families and communities.They will need the confidence and skill to guide and support North Carolina community and state organizations. Citizens participating in the 2007 NC Tomorrow survey denoted the importance of leadership by clearly requesting leadership training (54%), social advising, community advising and technical assistance (45%)from their university system.
Value* Outcome Description
80Number of adults increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
25Number of adults assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
72Number of youth increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
35Number of youth assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
80Number of adults increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
25Number of adults assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
72Number of youth increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
35Number of youth assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Youth and adults will address community issues and/or challenges through volunteerism.
Youth and adult volunteers in North Carolina contribute thousands of hours each year to strengthen communities and create strong foundations for the future. As these individuals engage in service, they are gaining new skills, generating new programs to serve their communities, building successful organizations, and fostering an ethic of service. Cooperative Extension is poised to support the development of interpersonal skills, leadership experiences, and content knowledge to ensure that citizens are prepared to engage in meaningful service throughout the lifespan. Current research suggests that youth and adult participation positively impacts civic engagement and contributes to the development of leadership capacities. With its presence in every county, Cooperative Extension is uniquely positioned to contribute to building a stronger ethic of service among youth and adults.
Value* Outcome Description
483Number of adult participants acquiring the skills needed to serve as a volunteer
459Number of youth participants reporting aspirations to serve in new or expanded volunteer roles in community
60Number of adult participants reporting aspirations to serve in new or expanded volunteer roles in community
264Number of hours adult volunteer training conducted
14Number of hours youth volunteer training conducted
18Number new volunteers recruited
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
560Increased number of hours contributed by trained youth volunteers
3268Increased number of hours contributed by trained adult volunteers
29Number of youth volunteers serving in new or expanded roles within Extension
42Number of adult volunteers serving in new or expanded roles within Extension
29Number of youth volunteers serving in new or expanded roles beyond Extension, including community boards and task forces
13Number of adult volunteers serving in new or expanded roles beyond Extension, including community boards and task forces
5Number of youth volunteers recruiting and/or training new volunteers
36Number of adult volunteers recruiting and/or training new volunteers
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Futures that Work: School to Career Pathways
We are living in a new economy powered by technology, fueled by information and driven by knowledge. Extension programs provide opportunities for youth and adults to improve their level of education and increase their skills that enable them to be competitive in our global society and workforce.
Value* Outcome Description
33Number of teachers trained in 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum
10051Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
5200Total number of female participants in STEM program
689Number of high school age youth (students) participating as members of 4-H clubs
586Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge of career/employability skills
75Number of adults increasing knowledge of career/employability skills
586Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge of entrepreneurship
75Number of adults increasing knowledge of entrepreneurship
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
33Number of teachers using 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum in their classrooms
10051Number of youth (students) gaining knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
586Number of youth (students) gaining career / employability skills
75Number of adults gaining career / employability skills
586Number of youth (students) gaining entrepreneurship skills
75Number of adults gaining entrepreneurship skills
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Consumers and communities will enhance the value of plants, animals, and landscapes while conserving valuable natural resources and protecting the environment.
Residential, commercial and public entities will make decisions regarding plant selection, placement and management that will decrease water consumption, preserve and improve water quality, mitigate storm water contaminants, reduce erosion, energy consumption, and greenwaste, expand wildlife habitat, improve real estate value, and improve diet and nutrition of consumers. The horse and "farmer lifestyle" industry will continue to grow and have an increasing impact on North Carolina's economy, while protecting the environment. The NCDA&CS reports that 65,000 horse producers own over 225,000 horses which annually generates over $704 million of gross revenue from training, showing, boarding and breeding establishments in addition to agri-business sales of horse-related products. The total economic impact of the NC green industry is $8.6 billion, involving 151,982 employees, and 120,741 acres of production (Green Industry Council, 2006). North Carolina residential consumers spend $5.9 billion dollars per year on garden and landscape related expenses (Green Industry Council, 2006). For 2007, North Carolina's population is estimated to be 8,968,800 (LINC). The population grew by 1,323,288 (15%), between 1997 and 2007 and it is projected to grow by another 1,330,055 (13%), over the next ten years (LINC). Over 50% of the population now lives in urban areas. Despite evidence of the ecological and financial benefits, environmentally responsible landscaping strategies are not being implemented widely. Renovating a landscape to incorporate water conserving strategies may result in using 36% less water. Urban water run-off accounts for the majority of water pollution, mostly pesticides and fertilizers, that does not come from a specific industrial source. Selection of well-adapted plants, effective pest management, and appropriate care and feeding of plants will greatly reduce dependence on fertilizers and pesticides. Rain water that is not absorbed by the soil becomes erosive storm water runoff, which transports pollutants such as fertilizer, pesticides, sediment, motor oil, litter, and animal waste to local streams and rivers. Landscape designs will include rain gardens and other runoff catchment facilities (underground cisterns, etc.) that are attractive and easy to maintain in residential areas. Homeowners will learn that proper plant selection and placement can reduce winter heating bills by as much as 15% and summer cooling bills by as much as 50 percent, while reducing the need to prune over-sized plants. Wild habitat areas are rapidly being converted into housing and commercial properties, displacing native plants and animals. Choosing native or adapted plants that provide food and shelter creates a haven for butterflies, birds, lizards, and other animals. Edible landscaping can increase the amount and expand the variety of fresh fruits and vegetables consumed.
Value* Outcome Description
3700Number of participants improving knowledge, attitude, skills and aspirations regarding gardening and landscape practices including plant selection and placement, turfgrass management, soil management, growing food, water conservation and water quality preservation, storm water and erosion management, green waste management, pest and wildlife management
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
3700Number of participants who use extension-recommended best management practices in landscapes, turf, and gardens, including pest (insect, weed, disease) management, fertility management, water conservation, water quality preservation and pruning techniques
37000Total cost savings from the use of extension-recommended best management practices in landscapes, turf, and gardens, including pest (insect, weed, disease) management, fertility management, water conservation, water quality preservation and pruning techniques
370Number of participants selecting appropriate landscape plants (adapted, drought tolerant, appropriate size, etc.)
5550Cost savings from the appropriate selection of landscape plants
740Number of participants growing food for home consumption
37000Value of produce grown for home consumption
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Youth and adult program participants will make healthy food choices, achieve the recommended amount of physical activity and reduce risk factors for chronic diseases.
Many North Carolinians are affected by chronic disease and conditions that compromise their quality of life and well-being. Heart disease, stroke and cancer continue to be leading causes of death in our state. In addition, obesity and obesity related chronic diseases such as diabetes continue to rise at alarming rates. Healthy eating and physical activity are critical to achieve optimal health. Many North Carolinians have diets that are too high in calories and too low in fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Portion sizes, foods eaten away-from-home and consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages continue to rise. In addition, most North Carolinians do not engage in regular physical activity. The prevalence of overweight and obesity has nearly doubled in the past 10 years. If the trend of overweight is not slowed, it will eliminate the progress we have made in reducing the burden of weigh-related chronic disease. One in every three US children born after 2000 will become diabetic unless many more people start eating less and exercising more. The cost of obesity in North Carolina in health care costs alone is over 2 billion dollars. There are many proposed reasons for the obesity epidemic, however unhealthy eating and physical inactivity are widely recognizes as primary contributors to the problem. Those who make healthy food choices and are physically active are more likely to achieve and maintain a healthy weight as well reduce chronic diseases. Ultimately, this will lead to reduction in health care costs, increased longevity, greater productivity and improved quality of life.
Value* Impact Description
63Number of adults increasing their fruit and vegetables consumption
109Number of youth increasing their fruit and vegetable consumption
71Number of participants increasing their physical activity
35Number of participants who consume less sodium in their diet
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

IV. Number of Contacts Made by Extension

Type of ContactNumber
Face-to-face* 48,606
Non face-to-face** 92,696
Total by Extension staff in 2017 141,302
* Face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make directly with individuals through one-on-one visits, meetings, and other activities where staff members work directly with individuals.
** Non face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make indirectly with individuals by telephone, email, newsletters, news articles, radio, television, and other means.

V. Designated Grants Received by Extension

Type of GrantAmount
Contracts/Grants $198,727.55
Gifts/Donations $15,400.00
In-Kind Grants/Donations $0.00
United Way/Foundations $0.00
User Fees $76,581.63
Total $290,709.18

VI. Volunteer Involvement in Extension Programs

Number of Volunteers* Number of Volunteer Hours Known client contacts by volunteers Dollar Value at 24.14
4-H: 927 1,174 6,196 $ 28,340.00
Advisory Leadership System: 0 0 0 $ 0.00
Extension Community Association: 29 7,856 10,121 $ 189,644.00
Extension Master Gardener: 29 2,401 1,713 $ 57,960.00
Other: 41 247 1,387 $ 5,963.00
Total: 1026 11678 19417 $ 281,907.00
* The number of volunteers reflects the overall number of volunteers for multiple events.

VII. Membership of Advisory Leadership System

Wayne County Extension Advisory Council
George Silver, Chairman
Gerald Ballance
Priscilla Ford
Evelyn Jefferson
Gregory Peele
Eddie Pitzer
Rachel Rawls
Curtis Shivar
Cindy Wheaton
Denny Tart
Lynn Williams
Debbie Worley
Consumer Horticulture Specialized Committee
Wayne Alley
Natasha Francois
Pamela Johnson
Beverly Keen
Russell Tate
Bill Thering
Master Gardener Volunteer Specialized Committee
Brenda Carter
Ken Dunn
June Hoyle
Virginia Pickles
Russell Tate
Prevention Advisory Committee
Marvin Ford
Brandy Jones
Phyllis Greene
Mack Beard
Angie Rains
Wallace Simmons
Renee Wells
Barbara Byers
Danielle Baptiste
Rovonda Freeman
Row Crops Specialized Committee
Keith Waller
Kelvin Norris
Brad West
Paul Daw
Mike Lancaster
Robert Winders
Rex Price
Brian Glover
Van Alphin
Andy Ballance
Horse (youth and adult) Specialized Committee
Vivian Rowe
Cindy Wheaton
Lynn Lepley
Will Walls
Vickie Yelverton
Livestock Specialized Committee
Glenn Hood
Eddie Pitzer
Preston Thornton
Randy Gray
Roy Outlaw
Don Hargrove
Phil Yelverton
Andy Meier
Ashley Glover
Youth Livestock Specialized Committee
Bradley Glover
John Tart II
Johnnie Howard
AJ Linton
Mike Sauls
Sherry Sauls
Joey McCullen
Roy Outlaw
Curtis Shivar
Allison Jennings
Andrea Sanderson
Mark Hood
Valerie Barwick
Brian Glover
Food Safety Specialized Committee
Shane Smith
Brenda Bass
Alan Moore
Shannon Jennings
21st Century Community Learning Centers Advisory Board
Wanda Bryant
Connie Greeson
Vernetta Smith
Thelma Smith
Karen Wellington
Sarah Parks
John Richards
Darren Goroski
Jonathan Greeson
Dr Sandra McCullen
Charles Ivey
Sheri Holland
Carol Artis
Janet Baber
Yvonne Wynn
Courtney Alston
Raymond Smith
Terry Burden
Winter NcNeil
Cristine Beylan
Renita Brown
4-H Youth Advisory Committee
Sara Davis
Kayla Hill
Alec Linton
Hanna Lee
Micah Lee
Kristian Parks
McKayla Parks
Amanda Wheaton
Christopher Finch
Wayne County ECA Leadership Development Committee
Juliette Thompson
Anne Turner
Betty Evans
Hazel Best
Judith Aycock
Lillie Ward
Louise Faison
María Marroquín
Mary Friedman
Myrna Tyndall
Rachel Raws
Wayne County ECA Education Committee
Oma Whitaker
Vickie Tarlton
Louise Faison
Myrna Tyndall
Rachel Kennedy
Nutrition and Wellness Specialized Committee
Celita Graham
Delaine Tucker
Kristina Gabriel
Louise Faison
Naisha Coley
Paula Edwards
Tiffany Lucky
Vandora Yelverton
Vanessa Spiron
4-H Leaders Advisory Council Committee
Vivian rowe
Janice Edwards
Tracy Atkins
Anne Finch
Sara Davis
4-H After School Advisory Committee
Connie Greeson
Lashawnda Newkirk
Polly Allegra
Christine Prunty-Pittman
Ellen Holloman
Lamara Coley
Sharon Boyette
Wanda Bryant
Mural Vann
Anita Forsythe
Sheir Eberlan
Tiffarie Case
Caroline Whitener
Wayne County Latino Advisory Committee
Donna Philips
Genell Nava
Haydee Coto
John Bell
Larry Pierce
Lee Hulse
Luis Cruz
María Marroquín
Saralynn Vied
Tania Loria
Wanda Nieves
Green Industry Specialized Committee
John Albert
Daniel Casey
Lee Casey
Chris Gray
Chris Gurley
Sandy Maddox
Elizabeth Long Smith
Danny VanDevender
Rob Woods
Extension Master Food Volunteers
Edna Gambella
Hazel Best
Laura Mooring
Lillie Thompson
Louise Faison
Oma Whitaker
Roxie Rayner

VIII. Staff Membership

Kevin Johnson
Title: County Extension Director
Phone: (919) 731-1521
Email: kevin_e_johnson@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Responsible for all county operations including personnel, financial management, and overseeing the design, implementation and evaluation of adult and youth educational programs.

Polly Allegra
Title: 4-H Afterschool Asst Prog Dir.
Phone: (919) 731-1521
Email: plallegr@ncsu.edu

Daryl Anderson
Title: Extension Agent, Agriculture
Phone: (919) 731-1521
Email: drander9@ncsu.edu

Renee Artis
Title: 21st CCLC Assistant Program Director & Prevention Specialist
Phone: (919) 731-1527
Email: renee_artis@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Coordinate program and activities for 4-H prevention & 21st CCLC, responsible for the Youth leadership program, train volunteer leaders and helpers.

Britney Barbour
Title: County Extension Administrative Assistant
Phone: (919) 731-1521
Email: bnbarbo2@ncsu.edu

Wanda Bryant
Title: 21st Century Community Learning Center Program Director
Phone: (919) 731-1527
Email: wanda_bryant@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: 21st Century Community Learning Center Program Director, 4-H After School Program, "Building Better Teens"

Barbara Byers
Title: 4-H Program Associate
Phone: (919) 731-1527
Email: barbara_byers@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: 4-H Prevention Program Director, Wayne Big Sweep Coordinator

Luis Cruz Santiago
Title: Farmworkers Health & Safety Educator, Agriculture - Field Crops
Phone: (919) 731-1607
Email: luis_cruz-santiago@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Luis Cruz Santiago is the Farmworkers Health & Safety Educator and Worker Protection Standard Designated Trainer with NC State Extension. His responsibilities include but not limiting to assisting farmers, farm labor contractors, and farmworkers and their families to: a) provide farmworkers health and safety training, b) develop partnerships with community organizations, agencies, programs, and members to identify educational needs and opportunities for farmworkers and their families, c) connect farmworkers and their families with other extension and community services, d) promote and lead the annual local farmworkers festival, e) provide a two-way comprehensive farmworkers safety and health training to farmers and farm labor contractors across the state of North Carolina.

Kim Davis
Title: County Extension Support Specialist
Phone: (919) 731-1525
Email: m_kim_davis@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Renders secretarial support to Family and Consumer Sciences Agent and the Livestock and Forages Agent.

Marti Day
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Dairy
Phone: (919) 542-8202
Email: marti_day@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Responsible for educational programs for dairy farmers, youth with an interest in dairy projects and the general public with an interest in dairy foods and the dairy industry.

Michelle Estrada
Title: Extension Agent, Family and Consumer Sciences
Phone: (919) 731-1525
Email: michelle_estrada@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Design, implement, and evaluate educational programs in the areas of foods, nutrition and wellness, and food preservation.

Mike Frinsko
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Aquaculture
Phone: (252) 448-9621
Email: mike_frinsko@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provide technical training and assistance to commercial aquaculture producers in the Southeast Extension District

Marissa Herchler
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Animal Food Safety (FSMA Programs)
Phone: (919) 515-5396
Email: marissa_herchler@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marissa is an Area Specialized Agent for animal food safety, with emphasis on the new Food Safety Modernization Act rules, as they apply to feed mills in North Carolina. Please contact Marissa with any FSMA related questions, or PCQI training inquiries.

Jessica Hogan
Title: Extension Agent, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (919) 731-1527
Email: jessica_hogan@ncsu.edu

Taishon Hooks
Title: EFNEP Educator, Extension Program Assistant
Phone: (919) 731-1521
Email: taishon_hooks@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Teaches limited resource families with children the benefits of nutrition, sanitation, budgeting, physical activity and how easy it can be to live a healthier lifestyle.

Lynette Johnston
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-0303
Email: lynette_johnston@ncsu.edu

Colby Lambert
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Forestry
Phone: (910) 814-6041
Email: colby_lambert@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides educational opportunities and technical support to forest landowners, agents, and forest industry in eastern North Carolina.

Danny Lauderdale
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Nursery and Greenhouse, Eastern Region
Phone: (252) 237-0111
Email: danny_lauderdale@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides programming to commercial ornamental nursery and greenhouse producers in eastern North Carolina.

Bill Lord
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Water Resources
Phone: (919) 496-3344
Email: william_lord@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Water quality education and technical assistance

Stephanie McDonald-Murray
Title: Regional Nutrition Extension Associate - Southeast EFNEP and SNAP-Ed
Phone: (910) 296-2143
Email: stephanie_mcdonald@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Job Description: Provides programmatic supervision to the EFNEP program in the South East District.

Rachel McDowell
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Consumer & Retail Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9155
Email: romcdowe@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Support FCS Agents in delivering timely and evidence-based food safety education and information to stakeholders in NC.

Diana Rashash
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Water Quality/Waste Management
Phone: (910) 455-5873
Email: diana_rashash@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Water and wastewater issues of all types: stormwater, aquatic weed ID & control, water quality & quantity, septic systems, animal waste, land application of wastewater, environment & sustainability, climate, etc.

Margaret Ross
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Poultry
Phone: (252) 670-8254
Email: margaret_ross@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Working with commercial poultry producers to assist in writing nutrient management plans and conducting educational programming.

Chip Simmons
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Food Safety
Phone: (919) 414-5632
Email: odsimmon@ncsu.edu

Rondi Smith
Title: County Extension Secretary, Agriculture - Horticulture
Phone: (919) 731-1521
Email: rlsugg@ncsu.edu

Jessica Strickland
Title: Extension Agent, Agriculture - Horticulture
Phone: (919) 731-1521
Email: jessica_strickland@ncsu.edu

Sharon Sutton
Title: County Extension Support Specialist
Phone: (919) 731-1527
Email: sharon_sutton@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Renders secretarial support for 4-H and Youth Development.

Stefani Sykes
Title: Extension Agent, Agriculture - Livestock
Phone: (919) 731-1525
Email: stefani_sykes@ncsu.edu

Allan Thornton
Title: Extension Associate
Phone: (910) 592-7161
Email: allan_thornton@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Vegetable Extension Specialist. Conducts Extension and applied research programs for commercial vegetable and fruit growers and agents in eastern North Carolina.

Mitch Woodward
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Watersheds and Water Quality
Phone: (919) 250-1112
Email: mdwoodwa@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: NC Cooperative Extension's Goals include: - NC's natural resources and environmental quality will be protected, conserved and enhanced. - NC will have profitable, environmentally sustainable plant, animal and food systems. Protecting our environmental resources, particularly drinking water quality, is a top priority in NC. NC Cooperative Extension is a leader in teaching, researching, and accelerating the adoption of effective water quality protection practices.

Summer Young
Title: 4-H Program Assistant
Phone: (919) 731-1527
Email: Summer_Edwards@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Work with the traditional 4-H clubs in the community, including organizing new clubs, informing existing clubs of events and activities and Working with leaders and youth to plan safe, fun, educational and hands-on activities.

IX. Contact Information

Wayne County Center
208 W Chestnut St
Goldsboro, NC 27533

Phone: (919) 731-1521
Fax: (919) 731-1511
URL: http://wayne.ces.ncsu.edu