2017 Yadkin County Program Impact Report

Approved: January 23, 2018

I. Executive Summary

In 2017, the North Carolina Cooperative Extension, Yadkin County Center, served 21,838 county residents through educational workshops, demonstrations, field days, newsletters and individual consultations. Yadkin County Extension agents and volunteers delivered 55 educational programs for 438 hours of training to 2,729 participants. During the past year, 355 Extension volunteers made 2,779 contacts and contributed 933 hours of volunteer service, valued at $24.14 per hour, for a total economic value of $22,523 in the county. Outside funding totaling $13,970 was also secured to support programs in 2017.

North Carolina has the 16th highest adult obesity rate and the 25th highest childhood obesity rate in the nation. In Steps to Health, Color Me Healthy and other programs, 312 youth learned how to read food labels, prepare foods and make healthier, more nutritious food choices. Two hundred and eight adults also learned how to make wise food choices through programs such as Better Choices and Building a Healthy Heart.

Through the Yadkin County 4-H program, 1,116 youth and 60 teachers increased their knowledge and skill set in STEM areas (science, technology, engineering and math). Agricultural Awareness Day was delivered to 419-second grade students, and the Embryology program was delivered to 183 students. In embryology, students learned scientific inquiry skills and experienced an animal life cycle firsthand. During Agricultural Awareness Day, students learned about different facets of crop and livestock production and where food really comes from.

Agriculture is Yadkin County's number one industry, and farmland preservation is important to the livelihood and culture of the county. In 2017, the Yadkin County Voluntary Agricultural District program enrolled 13 new landowners and 1,161 acres for a total of 13,157 acres. The county also adopted an Enhanced Voluntary Agricultural District Program.

A multi-county Good Agricultural Practices training was held for 250 area tobacco farmers. Tobacco companies now require this certification for contracts. Thirty-three farmers attended a Tobacco Production Meeting to learn about disease and weed management, and 32 attended the annual Grain Meeting to learn updates in the latest research from NCSU specialists. As a result of following Extension recommended practices, 35 farmers have gained $85,000 in income.

Animal producers are utilizing rotational grazing, alternative plant nutritive sources, alternative feed sources, alternative marketing sources, improved weed and insect management, improved farm financial tools and improving the genetic quality of their animals as recommended by Extension. These simple management tools decrease input costs, increase efficiency of the existing resources, improve record keeping and increase profit potential. Thirty-five animal producers gained $56,000 in income by following these recommendations. In addition, seven animal producers gained $65,000 in income by utilizing the 37,000 tons of organic by-products generated by the animals instead of utilizing synthetic fertilizers.

Environmental and natural resource protection was also addressed in 2017. One hundred seventeen licensed pesticide applicators attended training to receive recertification credits required to maintain these licenses. Pesticide use and safety are major issues concerning food safety, environmental quality, and personal safety. In these trainings, applicators received important updates and information for making safe and responsible pesticide applications. In addition, 378 sixth grade students attended Environmental Field Day where they learned about threats to the environment and natural resources and ways to take responsible action on behalf of the environment.

II. County Background

Yadkin County is a predominantly rural county located in the northwestern Piedmont of North Carolina that covers a land area of approximately 335 square miles. According to the 2010 Census, the county population is 38,406 with a growth rate of one-half percent annually, a trend that has continued for a number of years. The county population breakdown by race is 88.5 percent white, 10 percent Hispanic or Latino origin, 3.5 percent African American, and less than one percent Asian, American Indian and native Hawaiian.

According to the 2010-2014 American Community Survey by the U.S. Census Bureau, the percentage of the county population living below the poverty level is 19.4 percent, compared to 17.6 percent in the state. The median household income is $38,652, and the unemployment rate is 5.1 percent, compared to $46,693 and 6.6 percent for North Carolina.

Approximately 55 percent of the Yadkin workforce work outside of the county. The agricultural industry in Yadkin County is the top employer, followed by educational services, including health care and social assistance, and manufacturing. In recent years, there has been a slight rebound of the manufacturing industry decreasing the unemployment rate and increasing the tax base. The citizens and county government continue efforts to attract new industry and business. Highlights include a land use plan, countywide zoning and water systems, rapid growth of the wine grape industry within the county, implementation of a voluntary agricultural district program, and the addition of two middle schools. A cultural art center opened in 2010 and was followed by the opening of a theater in late 2012, offering a new attraction for residents and tourists. Yadkin Memorial Park and Lake Hampton, a new reservoir and recreation area opened in late 2014, and the new Yadkin County Agricultural and Education Center opened in 2016.

Agriculture remains the dominant industry in the county, with gross sales of agricultural products just under $125 million annually, according to the 2012 Census of Agriculture. Although the number of farms continues to decrease like much of North Carolina, agricultural sales and productivity continue to increase. Yadkin County ranks in the top 10 of all North Carolina counties for production of hay, beef cattle, dairy cattle, milk, and layers, and approximately half of the county’s land area is in farms. The county also ranks fifth in grape production in the state supporting the wine and tourism industries.

The county extension staff and advisory groups conducted an environmental scan in 2007, using a combination of committee meetings, media scans and individual interviews. The scan reaffirmed and supported the educational role Extension plays in assisting county government, individual county citizens and other county entities in addressing issues of importance to this county. Needs assessments have continued since 2007 utilizing advisory groups, evaluations, surveys and interviews. Through the results of county environmental scanning and needs assessments, the following priority issues have been identified: Health and Wellness, Agriculture and Natural Resources, Economic Development, Youth Development and Community Development.

Yadkin County Cooperative Extension will continue to provide educational programming to empower people and provide solutions. Extension provides practical education to help people, businesses and communities solve problems; develop skills and build a better future. In 2017, Yadkin County Cooperative Extension programs will address the following statewide objectives: Healthy Eating, Physical Activity, and Chronic Disease Risk Reduction; School to Career; Profitable and Sustainable Animal Production Systems; Profitable and Sustainable Plant Production Systems; Local Food Systems; Volunteer Readiness; Leadership Development; Natural Resources Conservation and Environmental Sustainability; Safety and Security of Our Food and Farm Systems and Urban and Consumer Agriculture.

III. Objectives to Address the Cooperative Extension Long Range Plan

North Carolina's plant production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.
North Carolina's agricultural crops industry makes major contributions to local communities and the state’s economy. In 2014, the estimated farm gate value of crops was $4.72 billion, placing NC as the 17th largest in the nation. North Carolina is one of the most diversified agriculture states in the nation. The state's 50,200 farmers grow over 80 different commodities, utilizing 8.4 million of the state's 31 million acres to furnish consumers a dependable and affordable supply of food and fiber. Tobacco remains one of the state's most predominant farm commodities. North Carolina produces more tobacco and sweet potatoes than any other state and ranks second in Christmas tree cash receipts. The state also produces a significant amount of cucumbers for pickles, lima beans, turnip greens, collard greens, mustard greens, strawberries, bell peppers, blueberries, chili peppers, fresh market cucumbers, snap beans, cabbage, eggplant, watermelons, pecans, peaches, squash, apples, sweet corn, tomatoes, and grapes. There is continual technological change and the relative profitability of individual farm enterprises changes over time; therefore, farmers must respond by modifying their farming operations. Changes in consumer demand create new opportunities for producers. Growth in alternative forms of agriculture will include, among others, organic and niche market production. Educational and training programs for producers of plant agricultural products and services will enhance their ability to achieve financial and lifestyle goals and to enhance economic development locally, regionally and statewide.
Value* Outcome Description
35Number of crop (all plant systems) producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
2Number of Extension initiated and controlled County demonstration test sites (new required for GLF/PSI reporting)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
22Number of crop (all plant systems) producers adopting best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
85000Net income gains realized by the adoption of best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
North Carolina's animal production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.
North Carolina's livestock industry makes major contributions to local communities and the state’s economy. In 2014, the estimated farm gate value of livestock, dairy, and poultry was $8.85 billion, placing NC as the 7th largest in the nation. Hogs & pigs have historically been an important part of North Carolina agriculture. The industry has changed dramatically since the 1980s from the small farm raising a few hogs to large confinement type operations. North Carolina's number of cattle & calves on farms has remained relatively stable throughout time. Milk cow inventory and milk production have continued to decline in the state. Unlike other commodities, broiler production in North Carolina is increasing throughout the state. There is continual technological change and the relative profitability of individual farm enterprises changes over time; therefore, farmers must respond by modifying their farming operations. Changes in consumer demand create new opportunities for producers. Growth in alternative forms of agriculture will include, among others, organic, niche market production, and pasture-raised livestock. Educational and training programs for producers of animal agricultural products and services will enhance their ability to achieve financial and lifestyle goals and to enhance economic development locally, regionally and statewide.
Value* Outcome Description
54Number of animal producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
35Number of animal producers adopting Extension-recommended best management practices, including those practices related to husbandry, improved planning, marketing, and financial practices
56000Net income gains by producers adopting Extension-recommended best management practices, including those practices related to husbandry, improved planning, marketing, and financial practices
24Number of animal producers implementing Extension-recommended best management practices for animal waste management
37000Tons of livestock organic by-products utilized (nutrients from waste, compost, etc)
65000Net income gain by using livestock organic by-products instead of synthetic fertilizers
9Number of waste management certifications gained or maintained due to Extension education efforts
9200Number of acres where Extension-recommended waste analysis was used for proper land application
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Producers will increase sales of food locally to more agriculturally aware consumers through market development, producer and consumer education, and new farmer and infrastructure support.
Farmers will increase their capacity to supply product for local food sales through market planning efforts, producer and consumer education, beginning farmer training programs and local market infrastructure development. The fastest growing area of consumer demand in agriculture continues to be organic. Farmers' markets continue to expand as do multiple efforts in local sustainable agriculture. Nationally, "Buy Local, Buy Fresh" movements have emerged in the face of concerns about the risks involved in long distance transportation of industrialized food production. Increasingly, public officials and business leaders see promotion of local farm products as good public policy and local economic development. Additionally, individuals will learn to supplement their current diet by growing their own fruits and vegetables as individuals or as community groups.
Value* Outcome Description
11Number of producers who gain skills or knowledge to increase production for local markets.
13Number of children/youth who improved knowledge of local food and agricultural systems.
8Number of individuals who gain knowledge or acquire skills related to vegetable/fruit gardening, and if also reporting under Urban and Consumer Agriculture Objective, divide up the reported number appropriately between the two objectives to avoid duplication.
7Number of producers who improve local food marketing skills or knowledge.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
2Number of new and existing access points for consumers that expand or improve their offering of local fruits and vegetables. Access points include farmers markets, retail stores, school food programs, community gardens, institutions other than schools (e.g. hospitals, universities, etc.), and other systems/access points not noted (e.g. restaurants, etc.).
9Number of producers selling their agricultural products to local markets (direct, intermediated/food service, institutional) for consumption in NC.
1Number of producers who diversified their marketing strategies into local markets (direct, intermediated/food service, institutional).
4Number of producers (and other members of the local food supply chain) who have increased revenue.
2Number of new farms (beginning farmers) selling into local markets for local consumption (in this reporting period).
4Number of individuals who grow food in community gardens.
3Number of individuals who begin home food production by starting a vegetable and/or fruit garden, and if also reporting under Urban and Consumer Horticulture Objective, divide up the reported number appropriately between the two objectives to avoid duplication.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Agricultural producers, workers, food handlers and consumers will adopt safer food and agricultural production, handling, and distribution practices that reduce workplace and home injuries/illnesses, enhance food security, and increase the quality and safety of food that North Carolinians prepare and consume.
Training and educational programs for farmers, agricultural workers, food handlers, and consumers will provide research-based programming, materials, information and expertise to compel these individuals to implement practices relating to the overall safety and security for the food supply and farming systems. Components of this include on-farm, packinghouse, and transportation management, retail and food service establishments, and consumer’s homes. Therefore targeted audiences include farmers and agricultural workers and their families, food handlers and workers (both amateur and commercial), transporters, processors, business operators, food service and retail staff, supervisors of any food facility, long term care facility staff and individuals who purchase, prepare and serve food in their homes. With an estimated 76 million foodborne illnesses annually, costing an estimated $1.4 trillion, food safety highlights a specific area of risk to be addressed by Cooperative Extension. The recent produce-related foodborne illness outbreaks have brought public attention to a problem that has been increasing nationally for the last ten years. The issues of foodborne illness and food safety pose immediate risks for farmers affecting the areas of economics, consumer demand, and market access. Because no processing or kill steps are involved with produce that is typically eaten raw, the best measures to limit microorganisms and fresh produce related illness are to prevent microbes from contaminating the product. Practices like Good Agricultural Practices (GAPs), Good Handling Practices (GHPs), and Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points (HACCP) represent a systematic preventive approach to food safety, protecting agricultural products as they move from farm to retail and restaurants and finally to families. While there is currently no legal requirements for growers to implement GAPs, buyers have responded to the public concern by requiring their produce growers to adhere to current guidelines and possibly even require GAPs certification. The main areas of concern incorporate production, harvesting, packing, and transporting produce in the areas of water quality, manure management, domestic and wildlife management, worker health and hygiene, transportation, traceability, and documentation. For North Carolina growers to be competitive and produce safe product, it is important that they gain knowledge about and implement food safety programs that minimize physical, chemical and biological hazards Food safety risks do not stop at primary production. As risks associated with pathogens can occur at many junctions between primary production and consumption, food safety is a truly farm-to-fork issue. The World Health Organization and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have defined 5 factors that lead to foodborne illness outbreaks: Inadequate cooking or processing procedures; improper storage and holding temperatures, cross-contamination between potentially contaminated raw materials and ready-to-eat foods (either directly or through poor sanitation); and poor implementation of personal hygiene practices. The preventative steps targeting risk reduction taken at each of the components making up the food supply chain are critical in preventing food-borne illness. Educational programs including ServSAFE, School HACCP workshops, food safety at childcare and senior centers, and targeted farm-to-fork food safety inclusion for all food handlers is necessary for important for advances in knowledge and implementation of preventative programs. Equally important is that families and children have a secure food supply. Hunger in American households has risen by 43 percent over the last five years, according to an analysis of US Department of Agriculture (USDA) data released in the report "Household Food Security in the United States, 2004." The analysis, completed by the Center on Hunger and Poverty at Brandeis University, shows that more than 7 million people have joined the ranks of the hungry since 1999. The USDA report says that 38.2 million Americans live in households that suffer directly from hunger and food insecurity, including nearly 14 million children. That figure is up from 31 million Americans in 1999. Limited-resource, socially disadvantaged and food-insecure individuals, families and communities will be provided with information and opportunities to enhance household food, diet and nutritional security. Agriculture is one of the most hazardous industries in the United States, and consistently ranks as the first, second or third most deadly industry along with mining and construction. Agriculture is unique in that the work and home place are often the same, exposing both workers and family members to hazards. In the United States on average each year, there are 700 deaths and 140,000 injuries to those who work in agriculture, defined as farming, forestry and fishing. Farmers, farmworkers and their families are at high risk for fatal and nonfatal injuries (primarily from tractor roll-overs, machinery entanglements, and animal handling incidents), musculo-skeletal conditions, work-related lung diseases, noise-induced hearing loss, heat stress and heat stroke, pesticide exposure and illness, skin diseases, behavioral health issues, and certain cancers associated with chemical use and prolonged sun exposure. The health and safety of migrant and seasonal farmworkers are complicated by other conditions such as infectious disease, hypertension, and diabetes, as well as cultural and language barriers. Farmers and farmworkers alike are subject to lack of access to health care. Agricultural injury and illness are costly, with total US annual costs reaching $4.5 billion and per farm costs equaling $2,500, or 15% of net income. Median health care coverage for farm families is $6,000 per year. In North Carolina, 27% of farm families do not have health insurance, while 29% of farmers do not have health insurance. Many others have health care coverage with high annual deductibles and high premiums. Agromedicine is a comprehensive, collaborative approach involving both agricultural and health scientists to develop solutions addressing the health and safety issues of the agricultural community through research, education and outreach. The North Carolina Agromedicine Institute, a partnership of NC State University, NC A&T State University and East Carolina University in collaboration with others, develops and evaluates effective programs to reduce injury and illness in agriculture, forestry and fishing. One such program is called Certified Safe Farm (CSF) and AgriSafe. CSF and AgriSafe were first developed and researched in Iowa. CSF and AgriSafe are being adapted to North Carolina agriculture by the NC Agromedicine Institute and its Cooperative Extension collaborators. Certified Safe Farm combines AgriSafe health services (wellness and occupational health screenings and personal protection equipment selection and fit services) conducted by trained AgriSafe health providers, on-farm safety reviews conducted by trained Extension agents, and community education and outreach to achieve safety and health goals established by participating farmers and their employees and families. Insurance incentives and safety equipment cost-share programs for participating farmers are still being developed. Other ongoing educational programs addressing agricultural health and safety include farm safety days for children, youth, or families, employee hands-on farm safety training, the National Safe Tractor and Machinery Operation Program for youth, and youth ATV operator safety certification programs.
Value* Outcome Description
117Number of commercial/public operators trained
33Number of pesticide application credit hours provided
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
36Number of participants that have adopted farm safety practices
4800Value of number of non-lost work days
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Individuals and groups will acquire leadership and decision making capacities needed to guide and actively participate in local and state organizations.
Leadership is important to every level of a community sharing in the creation of wealth and well-being. Youth and adult leaders must be capable of motivating groups to achieve common goals that impact North Carolina families and communities.They will need the confidence and skill to guide and support North Carolina community and state organizations. Citizens participating in the 2007 NC Tomorrow survey denoted the importance of leadership by clearly requesting leadership training (54%), social advising, community advising and technical assistance (45%)from their university system.
Value* Outcome Description
216Number of adults increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
113Number of adults assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
59Number of youth increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
17Number of youth assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
45Number of adults increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
26Number of adults assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
50Number of youth increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
4Number of youth assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Youth and adults will address community issues and/or challenges through volunteerism.
Youth and adult volunteers in North Carolina contribute thousands of hours each year to strengthen communities and create strong foundations for the future. As these individuals engage in service, they are gaining new skills, generating new programs to serve their communities, building successful organizations, and fostering an ethic of service. Cooperative Extension is poised to support the development of interpersonal skills, leadership experiences, and content knowledge to ensure that citizens are prepared to engage in meaningful service throughout the lifespan. Current research suggests that youth and adult participation positively impacts civic engagement and contributes to the development of leadership capacities. With its presence in every county, Cooperative Extension is uniquely positioned to contribute to building a stronger ethic of service among youth and adults.
Value* Outcome Description
70Number of adult participants acquiring the skills needed to serve as a volunteer
20Number of youth participants reporting aspirations to serve in new or expanded volunteer roles in community
4Number of adult participants reporting aspirations to serve in new or expanded volunteer roles in community
7Number of hours adult volunteer training conducted
9Number of hours youth volunteer training conducted
19Number new volunteers recruited
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
111Increased number of hours contributed by trained youth volunteers
77Increased number of hours contributed by trained adult volunteers
14Number of youth volunteers serving in new or expanded roles within Extension
6Number of adult volunteers serving in new or expanded roles within Extension
4Number of youth volunteers recruiting and/or training new volunteers
3Number of adult volunteers recruiting and/or training new volunteers
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Futures that Work: School to Career Pathways
We are living in a new economy powered by technology, fueled by information and driven by knowledge. Extension programs provide opportunities for youth and adults to improve their level of education and increase their skills that enable them to be competitive in our global society and workforce.
Value* Outcome Description
60Number of teachers trained in 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum
1116Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
550Total number of female participants in STEM program
80Number of youth (students) participating in 4-H dropout prevention (student at-risk) programs
173Number of high school age youth (students) participating as members of 4-H clubs
45Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge of career/employability skills
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
60Number of teachers using 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum in their classrooms
1116Number of youth (students) gaining knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
45Number of youth (students) gaining career / employability skills
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
North Carolinians will make decisions and adopt practices that implement effective resource protection and conservation.
The natural resources in North Carolina are an important asset that benefit all citizens, but many citizens are unaware of the consequences of actions and practices they implement. The continued population growth of North Carolina is putting pressure on natural resources in terms of quantity and quality. To have a healthy and productive natural environment, professionals and citizens must be knowledgeable of environmental issues and conservation and management opportunities.
Value* Outcome Description
17Number of participants increasing their knowledge about best management practices
109Number of youth and adults demonstrating increased knowledge of natural resources and environmental issues
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
17Number of participants that adopted recommended climate mitigation practices such as water-use efficiency, livestock production feeding practices, carbon sequestration, reducing carbon or energy footprint.
1161Number of acres under recommended climate mitigation practices such as water-use efficiency, livestock production feeding practices, carbon sequestration, reducing carbon or energy footprint.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Consumers and communities will enhance the value of plants, animals, and landscapes while conserving valuable natural resources and protecting the environment.
Residential, commercial and public entities will make decisions regarding plant selection, placement and management that will decrease water consumption, preserve and improve water quality, mitigate storm water contaminants, reduce erosion, energy consumption, and greenwaste, expand wildlife habitat, improve real estate value, and improve diet and nutrition of consumers. The horse and "farmer lifestyle" industry will continue to grow and have an increasing impact on North Carolina's economy, while protecting the environment. The NCDA&CS reports that 65,000 horse producers own over 225,000 horses which annually generates over $704 million of gross revenue from training, showing, boarding and breeding establishments in addition to agri-business sales of horse-related products. The total economic impact of the NC green industry is $8.6 billion, involving 151,982 employees, and 120,741 acres of production (Green Industry Council, 2006). North Carolina residential consumers spend $5.9 billion dollars per year on garden and landscape related expenses (Green Industry Council, 2006). For 2007, North Carolina's population is estimated to be 8,968,800 (LINC). The population grew by 1,323,288 (15%), between 1997 and 2007 and it is projected to grow by another 1,330,055 (13%), over the next ten years (LINC). Over 50% of the population now lives in urban areas. Despite evidence of the ecological and financial benefits, environmentally responsible landscaping strategies are not being implemented widely. Renovating a landscape to incorporate water conserving strategies may result in using 36% less water. Urban water run-off accounts for the majority of water pollution, mostly pesticides and fertilizers, that does not come from a specific industrial source. Selection of well-adapted plants, effective pest management, and appropriate care and feeding of plants will greatly reduce dependence on fertilizers and pesticides. Rain water that is not absorbed by the soil becomes erosive storm water runoff, which transports pollutants such as fertilizer, pesticides, sediment, motor oil, litter, and animal waste to local streams and rivers. Landscape designs will include rain gardens and other runoff catchment facilities (underground cisterns, etc.) that are attractive and easy to maintain in residential areas. Homeowners will learn that proper plant selection and placement can reduce winter heating bills by as much as 15% and summer cooling bills by as much as 50 percent, while reducing the need to prune over-sized plants. Wild habitat areas are rapidly being converted into housing and commercial properties, displacing native plants and animals. Choosing native or adapted plants that provide food and shelter creates a haven for butterflies, birds, lizards, and other animals. Edible landscaping can increase the amount and expand the variety of fresh fruits and vegetables consumed.
Youth and adult program participants will make healthy food choices, achieve the recommended amount of physical activity and reduce risk factors for chronic diseases.
Many North Carolinians are affected by chronic disease and conditions that compromise their quality of life and well-being. Heart disease, stroke and cancer continue to be leading causes of death in our state. In addition, obesity and obesity related chronic diseases such as diabetes continue to rise at alarming rates. Healthy eating and physical activity are critical to achieve optimal health. Many North Carolinians have diets that are too high in calories and too low in fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Portion sizes, foods eaten away-from-home and consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages continue to rise. In addition, most North Carolinians do not engage in regular physical activity. The prevalence of overweight and obesity has nearly doubled in the past 10 years. If the trend of overweight is not slowed, it will eliminate the progress we have made in reducing the burden of weigh-related chronic disease. One in every three US children born after 2000 will become diabetic unless many more people start eating less and exercising more. The cost of obesity in North Carolina in health care costs alone is over 2 billion dollars. There are many proposed reasons for the obesity epidemic, however unhealthy eating and physical inactivity are widely recognizes as primary contributors to the problem. Those who make healthy food choices and are physically active are more likely to achieve and maintain a healthy weight as well reduce chronic diseases. Ultimately, this will lead to reduction in health care costs, increased longevity, greater productivity and improved quality of life.
Value* Impact Description
208Number of adults increasing their fruit and vegetables consumption
312Number of youth increasing their fruit and vegetable consumption
310Number of participants increasing their physical activity
29Number of participants reducing their BMI
32Number of adults who reduce their blood pressure
28Number of adults who improve their blood glucose (A1c.)level
38Number of adults who reduce their total cholesterol
193Number of participants who consume less sodium in their diet
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

IV. Number of Contacts Made by Extension

Type of ContactNumber
Face-to-face* 10,185
Non face-to-face** 11,656
Total by Extension staff in 2017 21,841
* Face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make directly with individuals through one-on-one visits, meetings, and other activities where staff members work directly with individuals.
** Non face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make indirectly with individuals by telephone, email, newsletters, news articles, radio, television, and other means.

V. Designated Grants Received by Extension

Type of GrantAmount
Contracts/Grants $0.00
Gifts/Donations $10,370.00
In-Kind Grants/Donations $0.00
United Way/Foundations $3,600.00
User Fees $0.00
Total $13,970.00

VI. Volunteer Involvement in Extension Programs

Number of Volunteers* Number of Volunteer Hours Known client contacts by volunteers Dollar Value at 24.14
4-H: 234 787 2,175 $ 18,998.00
Advisory Leadership System: 51 34 22 $ 821.00
Extension Community Association: 0 0 0 $ 0.00
Extension Master Gardener: 0 0 0 $ 0.00
Other: 70 112 582 $ 2,704.00
Total: 355 933 2779 $ 22,523.00
* The number of volunteers reflects the overall number of volunteers for multiple events.

VII. Membership of Advisory Leadership System

Advisory Leadership Council
Lenuel Chamberlain
Tim Doub
Wendy Hayden
Michael Helton
Gilbert Hemric
Lisa Hughes
Brent Hunter
Sandra Kieffer
Donna Love
Ruth Matthews
Tommy Shore
Walter Smith
Justin Somers
Marc Thomas
Bobby Todd
Jason Walker
Sam Williams
Agricultural Advisory Board
Jesse Brown
Marty Casstevens
Jeff Doub
Van Hemric
Brent Hunter
Bobby Matthews
Greg Moxley
Reggie Pilcher
Walter Smith
Justin Somers
4-H Advisory Committee
Debbie Gough
Madaline Jones
Ruth Matthews
Jennie Rucker
Ashley Wilbanks
Tammy Whitaker
FCS Advisory Committee
Rhonda Beavers
Ellen Cheek
Wendy Hayden
Janice Holbrook
Donna Love
Yolanda Saffo
Brenda Vasquez
4-H County Council
Abigail Barron
Andrew Blevins
Ashley Collins
Jenna Colvin
Conner Cummings
Grayce Dorn
Grace Gilyard
Christy Rucker
Leah Thomas
Yadkin-Davie 4-H Livestock Association Officers
Bud Martin
Jennie Rucker
Tommy Shore
Judy Wilson
Farmers Market Board
Kathy Baity
Glenda Edgell
Everette Hartzog
Martha Holden
Shannon Holden
Brent Hunter
Tim Martin
Aileen Steelman
Cattlemen's Association Board
Joe Cook
Kris Eads
Mark Hollar
Nathan Ireland
Clay Nicholson
Reggie Pilcher
Jennie Rucker
Jayne Spaugh
Brad Storie
Luke Storie

VIII. Staff Membership

Colleen Church
Title: County Extension Director, Yadkin and Davie Counties
Phone: (336) 849-7908
Email: colleen_church@ncsu.edu

Brent Buchanan
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Dairy
Phone: (315) 212-1277
Email: brent_buchanan@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Dairy Extension Programming in Western North Carolina Counties of Haywood, Madison, Buncombe, Transylvania, Henderson, Yancey, McDowell, Polk, Rutherford, Mitchell, Avery, Burke, Cleveland, Watauga, Caldwell, Catawba, Lincoln, Gaston, Ashe, Wilkes, Alexander, Iredell, Alleghany, Surry, Yadkin, and Davie.

Lauren Greene
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agribusiness - Poultry
Phone: (336) 651-7347
Email: lauren_greene@ncsu.edu

Tim Hambrick
Title: Area Agent, Agriculture
Phone: (336) 703-2857
Email: tim_hambrick@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Area Field Crop Agent for Forsyth, Stokes, and Surry, and Yadkin counties. Responsibilities include educational programming and research in flue cured tobacco, corn, small grain, and soybean production.

Marissa Herchler
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Animal Food Safety (FSMA Programs)
Phone: (919) 515-5396
Email: marissa_herchler@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marissa is an Area Specialized Agent for animal food safety, with emphasis on the new Food Safety Modernization Act rules, as they apply to feed mills in North Carolina. Please contact Marissa with any FSMA related questions, or PCQI training inquiries.

Madaline Jones
Title: 4-H Program Assistant, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (336) 849-7908
Email: majone23@ncsu.edu

Pam Jones
Title: Area Agent, Agriculture - Horticulture
Phone: (336) 753-6100
Email: pam_jones@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Responsibilities include: Consumer Horticulture, Master Gardener Coordinator, Pesticide Education Coordinator, Commercial Horticulture.

Stacey Jones
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Commercial Nursery and Greenhouse
Phone: (704) 920-3310
Email: stacey_jones@ncsu.edu

Bill Lord
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Water Resources
Phone: (919) 496-3344
Email: william_lord@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Water quality education and technical assistance

Craig Mauney
Title: Extension Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Commercial Vegetables & Fruits
Phone: (828) 684-3562
Email: craig_mauney@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides educational opportunities, training and technical support to commercial fruit and vegetable growers, agents, and industry in Western NC.

Rachel McDowell
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Consumer & Retail Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9155
Email: romcdowe@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Support FCS Agents in delivering timely and evidence-based food safety education and information to stakeholders in NC.

Marsha McGraw
Title: Area Agent, Agriculture - Field Crops
Phone: (336) 753-6100
Email: mlmcgraw@ncsu.edu

Currey Nobles
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9520
Email: canobles@ncsu.edu

Elena Rogers
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Food Safety - Fresh Produce Western NC
Phone: (828) 352-2519
Email: elena_rogers@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provide educational programs, training and technical support focusing on fresh produce safety to Agents and growers in Western NC.

Phil Rucker
Title: Area Agent, Agriculture - Livestock
Phone: (336) 753-6100
Email: phil_rucker@ncsu.edu

Irene Smith
Title: County Extension Administrative Assistant
Phone: (336) 849-7908
Email: irene_smith@ncsu.edu

Mitch Woodward
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Watersheds and Water Quality
Phone: (919) 250-1112
Email: mdwoodwa@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: NC Cooperative Extension's Goals include: - NC's natural resources and environmental quality will be protected, conserved and enhanced. - NC will have profitable, environmentally sustainable plant, animal and food systems. Protecting our environmental resources, particularly drinking water quality, is a top priority in NC. NC Cooperative Extension is a leader in teaching, researching, and accelerating the adoption of effective water quality protection practices.

IX. Contact Information

Yadkin County Center
2051 Agricultural Way
Suite 201
Yadkinville, NC 27055

Phone: (336) 849-7908
Fax: (336) 849-7928
URL: http://yadkin.ces.ncsu.edu