2017 Yadkin County Program Impact Report

Approved: January 23, 2018

I. Executive Summary

In 2017, the North Carolina Cooperative Extension, Yadkin County Center, served 21,838 county residents through educational workshops, demonstrations, field days, newsletters and individual consultations. Yadkin County Extension agents and volunteers delivered 55 educational programs for 438 hours of training to 2,729 participants. During the past year, 355 Extension volunteers made 2,779 contacts and contributed 933 hours of volunteer service, valued at $24.14 per hour, for a total economic value of $22,523 in the county. Outside funding totaling $13,970 was also secured to support programs in 2017.

North Carolina has the 16th highest adult obesity rate and the 25th highest childhood obesity rate in the nation. In Steps to Health, Color Me Healthy and other programs, 312 youth learned how to read food labels, prepare foods and make healthier, more nutritious food choices. Two hundred and eight adults also learned how to make wise food choices through programs such as Better Choices and Building a Healthy Heart.

Through the Yadkin County 4-H program, 1,116 youth and 60 teachers increased their knowledge and skill set in STEM areas (science, technology, engineering and math). Agricultural Awareness Day was delivered to 419-second grade students, and the Embryology program was delivered to 183 students. In embryology, students learned scientific inquiry skills and experienced an animal life cycle firsthand. During Agricultural Awareness Day, students learned about different facets of crop and livestock production and where food really comes from.

Agriculture is Yadkin County's number one industry, and farmland preservation is important to the livelihood and culture of the county. In 2017, the Yadkin County Voluntary Agricultural District program enrolled 13 new landowners and 1,161 acres for a total of 13,157 acres. The county also adopted an Enhanced Voluntary Agricultural District Program.

A multi-county Good Agricultural Practices training was held for 250 area tobacco farmers. Tobacco companies now require this certification for contracts. Thirty-three farmers attended a Tobacco Production Meeting to learn about disease and weed management, and 32 attended the annual Grain Meeting to learn updates in the latest research from NCSU specialists. As a result of following Extension recommended practices, 35 farmers have gained $85,000 in income.

Animal producers are utilizing rotational grazing, alternative plant nutritive sources, alternative feed sources, alternative marketing sources, improved weed and insect management, improved farm financial tools and improving the genetic quality of their animals as recommended by Extension. These simple management tools decrease input costs, increase efficiency of the existing resources, improve record keeping and increase profit potential. Thirty-five animal producers gained $56,000 in income by following these recommendations. In addition, seven animal producers gained $65,000 in income by utilizing the 37,000 tons of organic by-products generated by the animals instead of utilizing synthetic fertilizers.

Environmental and natural resource protection was also addressed in 2017. One hundred seventeen licensed pesticide applicators attended training to receive recertification credits required to maintain these licenses. Pesticide use and safety are major issues concerning food safety, environmental quality, and personal safety. In these trainings, applicators received important updates and information for making safe and responsible pesticide applications. In addition, 378 sixth grade students attended Environmental Field Day where they learned about threats to the environment and natural resources and ways to take responsible action on behalf of the environment.

II. County Background

Yadkin County is a predominantly rural county located in the northwestern Piedmont of North Carolina that covers a land area of approximately 335 square miles. According to the 2010 Census, the county population is 38,406 with a growth rate of one-half percent annually, a trend that has continued for a number of years. The county population breakdown by race is 88.5 percent white, 10 percent Hispanic or Latino origin, 3.5 percent African American, and less than one percent Asian, American Indian and native Hawaiian.

According to the 2010-2014 American Community Survey by the U.S. Census Bureau, the percentage of the county population living below the poverty level is 19.4 percent, compared to 17.6 percent in the state. The median household income is $38,652, and the unemployment rate is 5.1 percent, compared to $46,693 and 6.6 percent for North Carolina.

Approximately 55 percent of the Yadkin workforce work outside of the county. The agricultural industry in Yadkin County is the top employer, followed by educational services, including health care and social assistance, and manufacturing. In recent years, there has been a slight rebound of the manufacturing industry decreasing the unemployment rate and increasing the tax base. The citizens and county government continue efforts to attract new industry and business. Highlights include a land use plan, countywide zoning and water systems, rapid growth of the wine grape industry within the county, implementation of a voluntary agricultural district program, and the addition of two middle schools. A cultural art center opened in 2010 and was followed by the opening of a theater in late 2012, offering a new attraction for residents and tourists. Yadkin Memorial Park and Lake Hampton, a new reservoir and recreation area opened in late 2014, and the new Yadkin County Agricultural and Education Center opened in 2016.

Agriculture remains the dominant industry in the county, with gross sales of agricultural products just under $125 million annually, according to the 2012 Census of Agriculture. Although the number of farms continues to decrease like much of North Carolina, agricultural sales and productivity continue to increase. Yadkin County ranks in the top 10 of all North Carolina counties for production of hay, beef cattle, dairy cattle, milk, and layers, and approximately half of the county’s land area is in farms. The county also ranks fifth in grape production in the state supporting the wine and tourism industries.

The county extension staff and advisory groups conducted an environmental scan in 2007, using a combination of committee meetings, media scans and individual interviews. The scan reaffirmed and supported the educational role Extension plays in assisting county government, individual county citizens and other county entities in addressing issues of importance to this county. Needs assessments have continued since 2007 utilizing advisory groups, evaluations, surveys and interviews. Through the results of county environmental scanning and needs assessments, the following priority issues have been identified: Health and Wellness, Agriculture and Natural Resources, Economic Development, Youth Development and Community Development.

Yadkin County Cooperative Extension will continue to provide educational programming to empower people and provide solutions. Extension provides practical education to help people, businesses and communities solve problems; develop skills and build a better future. In 2017, Yadkin County Cooperative Extension programs will address the following statewide objectives: Healthy Eating, Physical Activity, and Chronic Disease Risk Reduction; School to Career; Profitable and Sustainable Animal Production Systems; Profitable and Sustainable Plant Production Systems; Local Food Systems; Volunteer Readiness; Leadership Development; Natural Resources Conservation and Environmental Sustainability; Safety and Security of Our Food and Farm Systems and Urban and Consumer Agriculture.

III. Objectives to Address the Cooperative Extension Long Range Plan

North Carolina's plant production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.

Value* Outcome Description
35Number of crop (all plant systems) producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
2Number of Extension initiated and controlled County demonstration test sites (new required for GLF/PSI reporting)
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
22Number of crop (all plant systems) producers adopting best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
85000Net income gains realized by the adoption of best management practices, including those practices related to nutrient management, conservation, production, cultivars, pest management (weeds, diseases, insects), business management, and marketing
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

North Carolina's animal production systems will become more profitable and sustainable.

Value* Outcome Description
54Number of animal producers increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, and/or skills as related to: 1. Best management production practices (cultural, nutrient, and genetics) 2. Pest/insect, disease, weed, wildlife management 3. Financial/Farm management tools and practices (business, marketing, government policy, human resources) 4. Alternative agriculture, bioenergy, and value-added enterprises
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
35Number of animal producers adopting Extension-recommended best management practices, including those practices related to husbandry, improved planning, marketing, and financial practices
56000Net income gains by producers adopting Extension-recommended best management practices, including those practices related to husbandry, improved planning, marketing, and financial practices
24Number of animal producers implementing Extension-recommended best management practices for animal waste management
37000Tons of livestock organic by-products utilized (nutrients from waste, compost, etc)
65000Net income gain by using livestock organic by-products instead of synthetic fertilizers
9Number of waste management certifications gained or maintained due to Extension education efforts
9200Number of acres where Extension-recommended waste analysis was used for proper land application
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Producers will increase sales of food locally to more agriculturally aware consumers through market development, producer and consumer education, and new farmer and infrastructure support.

Value* Outcome Description
11Number of producers who gain skills or knowledge to increase production for local markets.
13Number of children/youth who improved knowledge of local food and agricultural systems.
8Number of individuals who gain knowledge or acquire skills related to vegetable/fruit gardening, and if also reporting under Urban and Consumer Agriculture Objective, divide up the reported number appropriately between the two objectives to avoid duplication.
7Number of producers who improve local food marketing skills or knowledge.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
2Number of new and existing access points for consumers that expand or improve their offering of local fruits and vegetables. Access points include farmers markets, retail stores, school food programs, community gardens, institutions other than schools (e.g. hospitals, universities, etc.), and other systems/access points not noted (e.g. restaurants, etc.).
9Number of producers selling their agricultural products to local markets (direct, intermediated/food service, institutional) for consumption in NC.
1Number of producers who diversified their marketing strategies into local markets (direct, intermediated/food service, institutional).
4Number of producers (and other members of the local food supply chain) who have increased revenue.
2Number of new farms (beginning farmers) selling into local markets for local consumption (in this reporting period).
4Number of individuals who grow food in community gardens.
3Number of individuals who begin home food production by starting a vegetable and/or fruit garden, and if also reporting under Urban and Consumer Horticulture Objective, divide up the reported number appropriately between the two objectives to avoid duplication.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Agricultural producers, workers, food handlers and consumers will adopt safer food and agricultural production, handling, and distribution practices that reduce workplace and home injuries/illnesses, enhance food security, and increase the quality and safety of food that North Carolinians prepare and consume.

Value* Outcome Description
117Number of commercial/public operators trained
33Number of pesticide application credit hours provided
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
36Number of participants that have adopted farm safety practices
4800Value of number of non-lost work days
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Individuals and groups will acquire leadership and decision making capacities needed to guide and actively participate in local and state organizations.

Value* Outcome Description
216Number of adults increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
113Number of adults assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
59Number of youth increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
17Number of youth assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
45Number of adults increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
26Number of adults assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
50Number of youth increasing/improving knowledge, attitudes, skills, and/or aspirations regarding leadership
4Number of youth assuming new/expanded leadership roles in the community
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Youth and adults will address community issues and/or challenges through volunteerism.

Value* Outcome Description
70Number of adult participants acquiring the skills needed to serve as a volunteer
20Number of youth participants reporting aspirations to serve in new or expanded volunteer roles in community
4Number of adult participants reporting aspirations to serve in new or expanded volunteer roles in community
7Number of hours adult volunteer training conducted
9Number of hours youth volunteer training conducted
19Number new volunteers recruited
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
111Increased number of hours contributed by trained youth volunteers
77Increased number of hours contributed by trained adult volunteers
14Number of youth volunteers serving in new or expanded roles within Extension
6Number of adult volunteers serving in new or expanded roles within Extension
4Number of youth volunteers recruiting and/or training new volunteers
3Number of adult volunteers recruiting and/or training new volunteers
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Futures that Work: School to Career Pathways

Value* Outcome Description
60Number of teachers trained in 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum
1116Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
550Total number of female participants in STEM program
80Number of youth (students) participating in 4-H dropout prevention (student at-risk) programs
173Number of high school age youth (students) participating as members of 4-H clubs
45Number of youth (students) increasing knowledge of career/employability skills
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
60Number of teachers using 4-H STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) curriculum in their classrooms
1116Number of youth (students) gaining knowledge in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math)
45Number of youth (students) gaining career / employability skills
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

North Carolinians will make decisions and adopt practices that implement effective resource protection and conservation.

Value* Outcome Description
17Number of participants increasing their knowledge about best management practices
109Number of youth and adults demonstrating increased knowledge of natural resources and environmental issues
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.
Value* Impact Description
17Number of participants that adopted recommended climate mitigation practices such as water-use efficiency, livestock production feeding practices, carbon sequestration, reducing carbon or energy footprint.
1161Number of acres under recommended climate mitigation practices such as water-use efficiency, livestock production feeding practices, carbon sequestration, reducing carbon or energy footprint.
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

Consumers and communities will enhance the value of plants, animals, and landscapes while conserving valuable natural resources and protecting the environment.

Youth and adult program participants will make healthy food choices, achieve the recommended amount of physical activity and reduce risk factors for chronic diseases.

Value* Impact Description
208Number of adults increasing their fruit and vegetables consumption
312Number of youth increasing their fruit and vegetable consumption
310Number of participants increasing their physical activity
29Number of participants reducing their BMI
32Number of adults who reduce their blood pressure
28Number of adults who improve their blood glucose (A1c.)level
38Number of adults who reduce their total cholesterol
193Number of participants who consume less sodium in their diet
* Note: Values may include numbers from multi-county efforts.

IV. Number of Contacts Made by Extension

Type of ContactNumber
Face-to-face* 10,185
Non face-to-face** 11,656
Total by Extension staff in 2017 21,841
* Face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make directly with individuals through one-on-one visits, meetings, and other activities where staff members work directly with individuals.
** Non face-to-face contacts include contacts that Extension personnel make indirectly with individuals by telephone, email, newsletters, news articles, radio, television, and other means.

V. Designated Grants Received by Extension

Type of GrantAmount
Contracts/Grants $0.00
Gifts/Donations $10,370.00
In-Kind Grants/Donations $0.00
United Way/Foundations $3,600.00
User Fees $0.00
Total $13,970.00

VI. Volunteer Involvement in Extension Programs

Number of Volunteers* Number of Volunteer Hours Known client contacts by volunteers Dollar Value at 24.69
4-H: 234 787 2,175 $ 19,431.00
Advisory Leadership System: 51 34 22 $ 839.00
Extension Community Association: 0 0 0 $ 0.00
Extension Master Gardener: 0 0 0 $ 0.00
Other: 70 112 582 $ 2,765.00
Total: 355 933 2779 $ 23,036.00
* The number of volunteers reflects the overall number of volunteers for multiple events.

VII. Membership of Advisory Leadership System

Advisory Leadership Council
Lenuel Chamberlain
Tim Doub
Wendy Hayden
Michael Helton
Gilbert Hemric
Lisa Hughes
Brent Hunter
Sandra Kieffer
Donna Love
Ruth Matthews
Tommy Shore
Walter Smith
Justin Somers
Marc Thomas
Bobby Todd
Jason Walker
Sam Williams
Agricultural Advisory Board
Jesse Brown
Marty Casstevens
Jeff Doub
Van Hemric
Brent Hunter
Bobby Matthews
Greg Moxley
Reggie Pilcher
Walter Smith
Justin Somers
4-H Advisory Committee
Debbie Gough
Madaline Jones
Ruth Matthews
Jennie Rucker
Ashley Wilbanks
Tammy Whitaker
FCS Advisory Committee
Rhonda Beavers
Ellen Cheek
Wendy Hayden
Janice Holbrook
Donna Love
Yolanda Saffo
Brenda Vasquez
4-H County Council
Abigail Barron
Andrew Blevins
Ashley Collins
Jenna Colvin
Conner Cummings
Grayce Dorn
Grace Gilyard
Christy Rucker
Leah Thomas
Yadkin-Davie 4-H Livestock Association Officers
Bud Martin
Jennie Rucker
Tommy Shore
Judy Wilson
Farmers Market Board
Kathy Baity
Glenda Edgell
Everette Hartzog
Martha Holden
Shannon Holden
Brent Hunter
Tim Martin
Aileen Steelman
Cattlemen's Association Board
Joe Cook
Kris Eads
Mark Hollar
Nathan Ireland
Clay Nicholson
Reggie Pilcher
Jennie Rucker
Jayne Spaugh
Brad Storie
Luke Storie

VIII. Staff Membership

Bryan Cave
Title: County Extension Director
Phone: (336) 401-8025
Email: bryan_cave@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Administration, Livestock, Forages

Brent Buchanan
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Dairy
Phone: (315) 212-1277
Email: babuchan@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Dairy Extension Programming in Western North Carolina Counties of Haywood, Madison, Buncombe, Transylvania, Henderson, Yancey, McDowell, Polk, Rutherford, Mitchell, Avery, Burke, Cleveland, Watauga, Caldwell, Catawba, Lincoln, Gaston, Ashe, Wilkes, Alexander, Iredell, Alleghany, Surry, Yadkin, and Davie.

Lauren Greene
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Poultry
Phone: (336) 651-7347
Email: lauren_greene@ncsu.edu

Tim Hambrick
Title: Area Agent, Agriculture
Phone: (336) 703-2857
Email: tim_hambrick@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Area Field Crop Agent for Forsyth, Stokes, and Surry, and Yadkin counties. Responsibilities include educational programming and research in flue cured tobacco, corn, small grain, and soybean production.

Marissa Herchler
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Animal Food Safety (FSMA Programs)
Phone: (919) 515-5396
Email: marissa_herchler@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Marissa is an Area Specialized Agent for animal food safety, with emphasis on the new Food Safety Modernization Act rules, as they apply to feed mills in North Carolina. Please contact Marissa with any FSMA related questions, or PCQI training inquiries.

Madaline Jones
Title: Extension Agent, 4-H Youth Development
Phone: (336) 849-7908
Email: madaline_jones@ncsu.edu

Pam Jones
Title: Area Agent, Agriculture - Horticulture
Phone: (336) 753-6100
Email: pam_jones@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Responsibilities include: Consumer Horticulture, Master Gardener Coordinator, Pesticide Education Coordinator, Commercial Horticulture.

Stacey Jones
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Commercial Nursery and Greenhouse
Phone: (704) 920-3310
Email: stacey_jones@ncsu.edu

Bill Lord
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Water Resources
Phone: (919) 496-3344
Email: william_lord@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Water quality education and technical assistance

Craig Mauney
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Commercial Vegetables & Fruits
Phone: (828) 684-3562
Email: craig_mauney@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provides educational opportunities, training and technical support to commercial fruit and vegetable growers, agents, and industry in Western NC.

Rachel McDowell
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Consumer and Retail Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9155
Email: romcdowe@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Support FCS Agents in delivering timely and evidence-based food safety education and information to stakeholders in NC.

Marsha McGraw
Title: Area Agent, Agriculture - Field Crops
Phone: (336) 753-6100
Email: mlmcgraw@ncsu.edu

Currey Nobles
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Food Safety
Phone: (919) 515-9520
Email: canobles@ncsu.edu

Elena Rogers
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Agriculture - Food Safety - Fresh Produce Western NC
Phone: (828) 352-2519
Email: elena_rogers@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: Provide educational programs, training and technical support focusing on fresh produce safety to Agents and growers in Western NC.

Phil Rucker
Title: Area Agent, Agriculture - Livestock
Phone: (336) 753-6100
Email: phil_rucker@ncsu.edu

Irene Smith
Title: County Extension Administrative Assistant
Phone: (336) 849-7908
Email: irene_smith@ncsu.edu

Mitch Woodward
Title: Area Specialized Agent, Watersheds and Water Quality
Phone: (919) 250-1112
Email: mdwoodwa@ncsu.edu
Brief Job Description: NC Cooperative Extension's Goals include: - NC's natural resources and environmental quality will be protected, conserved and enhanced. - NC will have profitable, environmentally sustainable plant, animal and food systems. Protecting our environmental resources, particularly drinking water quality, is a top priority in NC. NC Cooperative Extension is a leader in teaching, researching, and accelerating the adoption of effective water quality protection practices.

IX. Contact Information

Yadkin County Center
2051 Agricultural Way
Suite 201
Yadkinville, NC 27055

Phone: (336) 849-7908
Fax: (336) 849-7928
URL: http://yadkin.ces.ncsu.edu